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  • Dog burial as common ritual in Neolithic populations of north-eastern Iberian Peninsula

    02/17/2019 5:04:54 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Eurekalert ^ | Valentine's Day 2019 | Bibiana Bonmatí, University of Barcelona
    Coinciding with the Pit Grave culture (4200-3600 years before our era), coming from Southern Europe, the Neolithic communities of the north-eastern Iberian Peninsula started a ceremonial activity related to the sacrifice and burial of dogs. The high amount of cases that are recorded in Catalonia suggests it was a general practice and it proves the tight relationship between humans and these animals, which, apart from being buried next to them, were fed a similar diet to humans'... The study analyses the remains of twenty-six dogs found in funerary structures from four sites and necropolises of the Barcelona region, and has...
  • Joseph and The Exodus

    02/17/2019 4:04:44 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    YouTube ^ | January 27, 2016 | Dr. David Neiman
    Dr. David Neiman explores the historicity of the Biblical accounts of Joseph and the Exodus from Egypt. Joseph rises to the position of "Tzafnat Pa'aneakh" after successfully helping the Pharaoh of Egypt with his economic plans. Under Joseph's guidance all land became the property of Pharaoh. A new Pharaoh comes to power who does not favor the Israelites. They are enslaved and forced to build the storage cities of Pithom and Ramses. These cities were arsenals for the armies of Egypt. Under Seti I and Ramses the II, Egypt was on the warpath. Ramses II was defeated at the battle...
  • We should gene-sequence cave paintings to find out more about who made them

    02/16/2019 5:29:24 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 29 replies
    Technology Review ^ | February 14, 2019 | Emerging Technology from the arXiv
    ...the origin of these artworks is shrouded in mystery. Nobody is quite sure what the artists used for paint or binder, how the pigmentation has been preserved for so long, and -- most controversial of all -- exactly when the images were made... Today we get a unique insight into this question thanks to the work of Clodoaldo Roldán at the University of Valencia in Spain and colleagues... One way to date ancient artifacts is with carbon dating. But this works only with pigments that have a biological origin, and with the exception of black, most of them do not....
  • Exceptional new titanosaur from middle Cretaceous Tanzania: Mnyamawamtuka

    02/16/2019 4:29:20 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Eurekalert, PLOS ^ | February 13th, 2019 | Eric Gorscak
    Titanosaurs were the most speciose and widespread group of sauropod dinosaurs, the largest terrestrial animals in Earth history. They reached their peak diversity in the Late Cretaceous after all other sauropod groups vanished, but their early evolution is poorly understood due to a scarcity of well-preserved titanosaur fossils from before the Late Cretaceous, especially outside of South America. In this study, the authors describe a newly-discovered middle Cretaceous titanosaur from southern Africa. The researchers named the new dinosaur Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia. It is known from a single specimen excavated from a quarry along the Mtuka River in southwest Tanzania. It is...
  • New oviraptorosaur species discovered in Mongolia

    02/16/2019 4:24:42 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Eurekalert, PLOS ^ | February 6th, 2019 | Sungjin Lee
    A new oviraptorosaur species from the Late Cretaceous was discovered in Mongolia... Oviraptorosaurs were a diverse group of feathered, bird-like dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Asia and North America. Despite the abundance of nearly complete oviraptorosaur skeletons discovered in southern China and Mongolia, the diet and feeding strategies of these toothless dinosaurs are still unclear. In this study, Lee and colleagues described an incomplete skeleton of an oviraptorosaur found in the Nemegt Formation of the Gobi desert of Mongolia. The new species, named Gobiraptor minutus, can be distinguished from other oviraptorosaurs in having unusual thickened jaws. This unique morphology suggests...
  • Great white sharks likely pushed the massive megalodon to extinction

    02/14/2019 4:31:58 PM PST · by jonascord · 27 replies
    Yahoo Finance ^ | February 13, 2019 | [BGR News] Mike Wehner
    Taking a dip in the ocean and coming face to face with a predator of the deep would be enough to scare anyone. Modern day great white sharks are intimidating creatures, but they wouldn’t have held a candle to the ancient super-sized beast known as megalodon. The long-extinct shark has been the subject of many research efforts in the past, with scientists attempting to determine when and where it lived, and perhaps even figure out why it’s no longer around. Now, new fossil evidence suggests that the colossal creature actually died off quite a bit earlier than was originally thought,...
  • Extinct human species lived together in Siberian cave, new research shows

    02/16/2019 12:59:45 PM PST · by ETL · 20 replies ^ | Feb 15, 2019 | Walt Bonner | Fox News
    Bones recently found in a Siberian cave have given researchers a new glimpse into the timeline of an extinct human species. The species – known as Denisovans – at one time lived alongside Neanderthals in the same cave, the evidence showed. The only fossil evidence of the Denisovans was uncovered in Denisova Cave in the Russian Altai Mountains back in 1980, and amount to three teeth and bone fragments. “Denisovans are a sister group to Neanderthals – that is, they are closer in terms of shared ancestry to Neanderthals than they are to modern humans,” study leader and geochronologist Dr. Richard...
  • King Hezekiah in the Bible: Royal Seal of Hezekiah Comes to Light

    02/16/2019 11:43:44 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | 01/26/2019 | Robin Ngo
    For the first time, the royal seal of King Hezekiah in the Bible was found in an archaeological excavation. The stamped clay seal, also known as a bulla, was discovered in the Ophel excavations led by Dr. Eilat Mazar at the foot of the southern wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The discovery was announced in a press release by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Institute of Archaeology, under whose auspices the excavations were conducted. The bulla, which measures just over a centimeter in diameter, bears a seal impression depicting a two-winged sun disk flanked by ankh symbols and...
  • In a first, ancient couple found in Harappan grave

    02/16/2019 12:42:58 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies
    Pune News - Times of India ^ | Updated: January 9, 2019 | Neha Madaan
    Archaeologists from the Deccan College Deemed University in Pune have discovered two skeletons, a young male and a female, buried at the same time in the same grave with the man's face turned toward the woman. It is the first anthropologically confirmed joint burial of a couple in a Harappan cemetery. The 'couple's grave' was found in the Harappan settlements excavated at Rakhigarhi in Harayana, some 150km northwest of Delhi. Archaeologists said evidence points at the couple being buried simultaneously or about the same time. They could not find clear evidence if one was buried after the other. Although many...
  • Ancient workshop for construction of boats uncovered in Sinai

    02/16/2019 12:28:18 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Ahram Online ^ | Wednesday, February 13, 2019 | Nevine El-Aref
    Excavations carried out by an Egyptian mission at the Tel Abu Seify archaeological site in Northern Sinai uncovered the remains of a limestone building that was once a workshop for the construction and repair of boats and vessels during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. The site is said to have been the location of the Roman fortress of Silla. Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said that the workshop includes two dry dockyards where ships were built or repaired. But regretfully, along the span of time as the workshop lost its function, after the Nile branch...
  • Following the last Neanderthals: Mammal tracks in Late Pleistocene coastal dunes of Gibraltar

    02/16/2019 12:18:51 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Gibraltar National Museum ^ | February 12, 2019 | admin
    The prestigious international journal Quaternary Science Reviews has just published a paper which has involved the participation of Gibraltarian scientists from the Gibraltar National Museum alongside colleagues from Spain, Portugal and Japan. The results which have been published come from an area of the Catalan Bay Sand Dune. This work started ten years ago, when the first dates using the OSL method were obtained. It is then that the first traces of footprints left by vertebrates were found. In subsequent years the successive natural collapse of sand has revealed further material and has permitted a detailed study including new dates....
  • Archaeologists on the trail of a completely preserved, almost 2,000 years old settlement

    02/15/2019 11:37:39 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    PAP - Science in Poland, ^ | Szymon Zdziebiowski (szz/ zan/ kap/)
    Cultivated fields with bounds, farms, buildings and even roads - archaeologists discovered a completely preserved layout of an ancient settlement from nearly 2,000 years ago in the Tuchola Forest. It is a unique site in Europe, emphasize the authors of the discovery. The area of the Tuchola Forest on the border of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian province and the Pomeranian province is overgrown with a thick forest. It is one of the least-explored areas in terms of archaeology in Poland... According to the researchers, the relics come from the first centuries of our era... Archaeologists remind that after hundreds of years, old...
  • Wreck of the World War II aircraft carrier USS Hornet is discovered in the South Pacific (TR)

    02/12/2019 10:36:21 AM PST · by DFG · 30 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | 02/12/2019 | Keith Griffith
    The wreck of the World War II aircraft carrier USS Hornet has been discovered in the South Pacific, 77 years after Japanese forces sunk the ship in a fierce battle. The research vessel Petrel, owned by the estate of late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, discovered the Hornet three miles under the ocean surface off the Solomon Islands late last month. The Hornet, the last U.S. fleet carrier to be sunk by enemy fire, lost 140 hands under a relentless Japanese air bombing attack at the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on October 26, 1942. As Imperial Navy surface forces...
  • Citizen excavating for antiquities near Pyramids arrested

    02/15/2019 11:16:18 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    Egypt Today ^ | Tuesday, February. 5, 2019 | staff
    Tourism and Antiquities police managed to arrest an offender for illegally excavating two trenches inside his house near the Giza Pyramids to search for monuments, according to reports on Tuesday. The illegal excavation in Nazlet al-Samman area led to the discovery of an ancient burial site including six incomplete wall-relief statues, a statement by the General Administration of Tourism and Antiquities Police revealed. The statement did not specify the age of the items discovered. Law No. 117 of 1983 imposes a prison term of 5 to 7 years and a fine of not less than LE 5,000($284) and not more...
  • Stunningly preserved fresco of Narcissus discovered in Pompeii

    02/15/2019 9:11:03 PM PST · by blueplum · 21 replies
    The Guardian UK ^ | 14 Feb 2019 | Lorenzo Tondo in Polermo
    Archaeologists working in a richly decorated house in ancient Pompeii have discovered a stunningly preserved fresco depicting the mythological hunter Narcissus enraptured by his own reflection in a pool of water. The figure of Narcissus, who according to the myth fell in love with his own image to the point that he melted from the fire of passion burning inside him, was a fairly common theme in the first-century Roman city. The discovery, announced on Thursday, is in the atrium of a house where, back in November, excavations brought to light another fresco that portrays an erotic scene from the...
  • The spread of Europe’s giant stone monuments may trace back to one region

    02/14/2019 5:59:41 PM PST · by LibWhacker · 27 replies
    Science News ^ | 2/11/19 | Bruce Bower
    From simple rock arches to Stonehenge, tens of thousands of imposing stone structures dot Europe’s landscapes. The origins of these megaliths have long been controversial. A new study suggests that large rock constructions first appeared in France and spread across Europe in three waves. The earliest megaliths were built in what’s now northwestern France as early as around 6,800 years ago, says archaeologist Bettina Schulz Paulsson of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. Knowledge of these stone constructions then spread by sea to societies along Europe’s Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts, she contends in a study posted online the week of...
  • Glittering with the Indescribable Brightness of the Sun: St Polyeuctus and his temple in Byzantium

    02/13/2019 10:15:52 AM PST · by Antoninus · 4 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | 2/13/19 | Florentius
    February 13 is the feast day of yet another victim of the persecution of Decius, Saint Polyeuctus of Melitene in Roman Armenia. Though practically unknown today, Polyeuctus was renowned in antiquity as a soldier-martyr. An epitome of his acts was recorded by Symeon Metaphrastes in the 10th century, though it is likely that Symeon was working from a much older tradition. Indeed, Polyeuctus was revered in antiquity from at least the time of the Empress Eudocia (mid 5th century AD) who built a shrine dedicated to him in Constantinople. Here is an English translation of MetaphrastesÂ’s acts of Saint Polyeuctos...
  • A Bursting, Rending, and Crashing Roar—Captain Sigsbee's account of the destruction of the USS Maine

    02/15/2019 12:26:05 PM PST · by Antoninus · 15 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | 2/15/19 | Florentius
    On February 15, 1898, the battleship USS Maine exploded in Havana Harbor, touching off the Spanish-American War shortly thereafter. Here is an account written by Charles D. Sigsbee, the captain of the Maine who survived the destruction of his ship and later went on to become an Admiral in the United States Navy. About an hour before the explosion I had completed a report called for by Mr. Theodore Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, on the advisability of continuing to place torpedo-tubes on board cruisers and battleships. I then wrote a letter home, in which I struggled to apologize...
  • Discovery of the oldest evidence of mobility on Earth

    02/14/2019 5:18:00 PM PST · by Simon Green · 17 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 02/11/19
    An international and multi-disciplinary team coordinated by Abderrazak El Albani at the Institut de chimie des milieux et matériaux de Poitiers (CNRS/Université de Poitiers) has uncovered the oldest fossilised traces of motility. Whereas previous remnants were dated to 570 million years ago, this new evidence is 2.1 billion years old. They were discovered in a fossil deposit in Gabon, where the oldest multicellular organisms have already been found (1). These results appear in the 11 February 2019 edition of PNAS. A few years ago, geologist Abderrazak El Albani and his team at the Institut de chimie des milieux et matériaux...
  • Great white sharks likely pushed the massive megalodon to extinction

    02/14/2019 1:04:05 PM PST · by EveningStar · 36 replies
    BGR ^ | February 13, 2019 | Mike Wehner
    Taking a dip in the ocean and coming face to face with a predator of the deep would be enough to scare anyone. Modern day great white sharks are intimidating creatures, but they wouldn’t have held a candle to the ancient super-sized beast known as megalodon. The long-extinct shark has been the subject of many research efforts in the past, with scientists attempting to determine when and where it lived, and perhaps even figure out why it’s no longer around. Now, new fossil evidence suggests that the colossal creature actually died off quite a bit earlier than was originally thought,...