Free Republic 4th Quarter Fundraising Target: $85,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $29,264
34%  
Woo hoo!! And the first 34% is in!! Thank you all very much!!

Keyword: heyerdahl

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Khirokitia

    12/25/2004 7:20:25 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 583+ views
    Cyprus at a Glance ^ | June 26, 2001 | staff
    The Neolithic preceramic period is represented by the settlement of Khirokitia and about 20 other similar settlements, spread throughout Cyprus... This, the earliest known culture in Cyprus, consisted of a well-organised, developed society mainly engaged in farming, hunting and herding. Farming was mainly of cereal crops. They also picked the fruit of trees growing wild in the surrounding area such as pistachio nuts, figs, olives and prunes. The four main species of animals whose remains were found on the site were deer, sheep, goats and pigs... The village of Khirokitia was suddenly abandoned for reasons unknown at around 6000 BC...
  • Archaeologists uncover early Neolithic activity on Cyprus

    11/02/2010 8:57:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Cornell Chronicle ^ | Wednesday, October 20, 2010 | Daniel Aloi
    Cornell archaeologists are helping to rewrite the early prehistory of human civilization on Cyprus, with evidence that hunter-gatherers began to form agricultural settlements on the island half a millennium earlier than previously believed... professor of classics Sturt Manning, director of Cornell's archaeology program... "Up until two decades ago, nobody thought anybody had gone to Cyprus before about 8,000 years ago, and the island was treated as irrelevant to the development of the Neolithic in the Near East," Manning said. "Then Alan Simmons (now at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas) discovered a couple of sites that seemed to suggest Epipaleolithic...
  • The oldest farming village in the Mediterranean islands is discovered in Cyprus

    05/15/2012 7:39:27 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    PhysOrg ^ | May 15, 2012 | CNRS
    Previously it was believed that, due to the island's geographic isolation, the first Neolithic farming societies did not reach Cyprus until a thousand years after the birth of agriculture in the Middle East... However, the discovery of Klimonas, a village that dates from nearly 9000 years before Christ, proves that early cultivators migrated to Cyprus from the Middle Eastern continent shortly after the emergence of agriculture there, bringing with them wheat as well as dogs and cats... The archaeologists have found a few votive offerings inside the building, including flint arrowheads and green stone beads. A great many remnants of...
  • Dwarf hippo fossils found on Cyprus

    12/05/2007 4:35:23 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 18 replies · 398+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 12/5/07 | Menelaos Hadjicostis - ap
    AYIA NAPA, Cyprus - An abattoir used by early Cypriots, a place where animals went to die, or a shelter that ultimately proved a death trap? Cypriot and Greek scientists are studying a collapsed cave filled with the fossilized remains of extinct dwarf hippopotamuses — descendants of hippos believed to have reached the island a quarter-million years ago. Paleontologists have unearthed an estimated 80 dwarf hippos in recent digs at the site just outside the resort of Ayia Napa on the island's southeastern coast. Hundreds more may lie beneath an exposed layer of jumbled fossils. Scientists hope the fossil haul,...
  • Flints give Cyprus oldest seafaring link in Med

    11/22/2005 9:35:31 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 314+ views
    Reuters Today ^ | Tue Nov 22, 2005 | Michele Kambas
    Archaeologists have discovered what they believe is the earliest evidence yet of long distance seafaring in the eastern Mediterranean, undermining beliefs that ancient mariners never ventured into open seas... The flints are unlike anything found in the geological make-up of Cyprus, and more than 1,000 years older than the timing of the first permanent settlers to the island. The discovery adds to a body of evidence contradicting the widespread belief that ancient mariners would never venture out of sight of land or had limited navigational capabilities... Its earliest inhabitants, dated from the 9th millennium BC, are believed to be from...
  • Was ancient Cypriot cave a prehistoric diner?

    08/19/2009 11:39:46 AM PDT · by decimon · 21 replies · 567+ views
    Reuters ^ | Aug 19, 2009 | Michele Kambas
    Thousands of prehistoric hippo bones found in Cyprus are adding to a growing debate on the possible role of humans in the extinction of larger animals 12,000 years ago. First discovered by an 11-year-old boy in 1961, a tiny rock-shelter crammed with hippo remains radically rewrote archaeological accounts of when this east Mediterranean island was first visited by humans. It has fired speculation of being the first takeaway diner used by humans to cook and possibly dispatch meat. It also adds to growing speculation, controversial in some quarters, that humans could have eaten some animals to extinction.
  • Pre-Columbian Map of North America Could Be Authentic--Or not

    07/23/2009 4:35:39 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 34 replies · 1,214+ views
    Scientific American ^ | July 22, 2009 | Brendan Borrell
    A Danish art conservator claims that the controversial Vinland Map of America, published prior to Christopher Columbus's landfall, may not be a forgery after all. "We have so far found no reason to believe that the Vinland Map is the result of a modern forgery," says Renè Larsen of the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. Reuters first publicized his results last week but provided none of the skepticism being voiced by veterans in the field. The map mysteriously emerged in a Geneva bookshop in 1957 depicting a "new" and "fertile" land to the west that Viking explorer Leif Eriksson...
  • Tahitian Vanilla Originated In Maya Forests, Says Botanist

    08/24/2008 11:16:07 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 149+ views
    ScienceDaily ^ | Aug. 21, 2008 | adapted from U of C Riverside press release
    Known by the scientific name Vanilla tahitensis, Tahitian vanilla is found to exist only in cultivation; natural, wild populations of the orchid have never been encountered... "All the evidence points in the same direction," Lubinsky said. "Our DNA analysis corroborates what the historical sources say, namely, that vanilla was a trade item brought to Tahiti by French sailors in the mid-19th century. The French Admiral responsible for introducing vanilla to Tahiti, Alphonse Hamelin, used vanilla cuttings from the Philippines. The historical record tells us that vanilla – which isn't native to the Philippines – was previously introduced to the region...
  • Floating A Big Idea: Ancient Use Of Rafts To Transport Goods Demonstrated

    03/22/2008 11:08:17 AM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 702+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 3-22-2008 | MIT
    Floating A Big Idea: Ancient Use Of Rafts To Transport Goods DemonstratedMIT students built a small-scale replica of an ancient oceangoing sailing raft to study its seaworthiness and handling. (Credit: Donna Coveney/MIT) ScienceDaily (Mar. 22, 2008) — Oceangoing sailing rafts plied the waters of the equatorial Pacific long before Europeans arrived in the Americas, and carried tradegoods for thousands of miles all the way from modern-day Chile to western Mexico, according to new findings by MIT researchers in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Details of how the ancient trading system worked more than 1,000 years ago were reconstructed...
  • Sailors may have cruised the Med 14,000 years ago

    07/18/2007 11:22:55 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies · 477+ views
    Reuters ^ | Wednesday, July 18, 2007 | Michele Kambas
    Archaeologists in Cyprus have discovered what they believe could be the oldest evidence yet that organized groups of ancient mariners were plying the east Mediterranean, possibly as far back as 14,000 years ago... about 30 miles away from the closest land mass, may have been gradually populated about that time, and up to 2,000 years earlier than previously thought... The discovery at a coastal site on the island's northwest has revealed chipped tools submerged in the sea and made with local stone which could be the earliest trace yet of human activity in Cyprus. U.S. and Cypriot archaeologists conducting the...
  • Stuntman's stick ship revives Vikings' voyage (Thor,, 15 Million ice-cream sticks glued together)

    07/13/2007 11:11:46 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 6 replies · 440+ views
    Reuters on Yahoo ^ | 7/13/07 | Reuters
    LELYSTAD, Netherlands (Reuters) - A Viking ship made from ice-cream sticks set sail across the Netherlands' IJsselmeer lake on Friday and its stuntman builder hopes to cross the Atlantic later. The 15-metre (50-foot) Thor was made from 15 million recycled ice-cream sticks glued together by U.S.-born Robert McDonald, his son and more than 5,000 children. "Pick up your ice-cream stick, send them to me and I will put them to use," McDonald, 48, said on radio, hoping to auction the ship later and donate the proceeds to charity. "Kids from all over the world started mailing them to me. I...
  • Centuries after Jason mythed the boat, another team has a go

    05/27/2007 9:23:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies · 414+ views
    The Age ^ | April 24, 2006 | Deborah Kyvrikosaios
    Shipbuilders with handmade tools and methods used long ago are re-creating the Argo, the legendary vessel of Jason and the Argonauts. "It's extremely laborious work," said builder Stelios Kalafatidis in the small port of Volos. "We don't have large, proper, modern tools, only our hands and wooden mallets and chisels." ...The Naudomos Institute, a group of shipbuilders and historians heading the project, is using ancient Greek tools and techniques to build the new Argo. Once the ship is ready, they plan to retrace the mythical journey. The team had to ignore everything they knew about modern boatbuilding and use the...
  • German man hopes to sail raft made of reeds across Atlantic

    05/28/2007 7:51:52 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies · 413+ views
    Newsday ^ | May 28, 2007 | author
    A man who is convinced, despite a lack of evidence, that adventurers regularly crossed the Atlantic Ocean 14,000 years ago is using reeds and eucalyptus to build a raft so he can imitate their voyage. Dominique Gorlitz, 40, a former school teacher from Chemnitz, Germany, says the two-month journey he and 11 others will make on 41-foot-long craft will prove people could have traveled across the Atlantic Ocean in prehistoric times... More than 25 volunteers are working on the craft at Liberty Landing Marina. Gorlitz based the craft's design on a northeastern African drawing from 6,000 years ago. He said...
  • Voyage To Prove Pharaohs Traded Cocaine

    05/29/2007 6:47:52 PM PDT · by blam · 29 replies · 1,641+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 5-30-2007 | Tom Leonard
    Voyage to prove pharaohs traded cocaine By Tom Leonard in New York Last Updated: 2:21am BST 30/05/2007 An adventurer who believes that ancient man regularly crossed the Atlantic Ocean 14,000 years ago plans to recreate such a voyage in a 41ft raft made of reeds and eucalyptus tree branches. Basing his theory on the thinnest of historical evidence, Dominique Gorlitz believes that the discovery of traces of tobacco and cocaine in the tomb of the pharaoh Rameses II proves that there was trade between the Old and New Worlds. He also claims that 14,000-year-old cave paintings in Spain show that,...
  • Norwegian Team Embarks on 'Kon-Tiki' Trip - Tangaroa

    04/28/2006 9:00:50 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 24 replies · 998+ views
    ap on Yahoo ^ | 4/28/06 | ap
    A Norwegian team that includes the Thor Heyerdahl's grandson paddled Friday into the Pacific Ocean to repeat the famed adventurer's journey aboard the balsa raft Kon-Tiki. "My personal motivation is to have a great adventure," 28-year-old Olav Heyerdahl told The Associated Press before he and five shipmates embarked for the trip across the Pacific on the balsa raft Tangaroa _ named for the Polynesian god of the ocean. In 1947, Thor Heyerdahl and his team sailed their primitive raft 5,000 miles from Peru to Polynesia in 101 days to support Heyerdahl's theory that the South Sea Islands were settled by...
  • Kon-Tiki tour draws to a close (Thor Heyerdahl just about dead)

    04/17/2002 9:32:14 AM PDT · by dead · 23 replies · 555+ views
    Sydney Morning Herald ^ | April 18 2002
    One of the greatest adventure stories of all time is about to end with the death of a controversial Norwegian explorer. Thor Heyerdahl, skipper of the famous raft Kon-Tiki. Thor Heyerdahl, 87, who won worldwide acclaim in 1947 for his daring Kon-Tiki expedition, is greeting his demise with all the eccentricity with which he lived his life. Heyerdahl lapsed into a coma on Tuesday, a week after he started refusing food, water and medical treatment. The scientist and adventurer had been taken to the Santa Conora hospital on the Italian Riviera over Easter after becoming ill during a family gathering...
  • Slow death of Africa's Lake Chad

    04/16/2006 2:29:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies · 871+ views
    BBC News ^ | Friday, 14 April 2006 | Andrew Bomford
    Lake Chad, which once straddled the borders of Chad, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, has shrunk by an estimated 95% since the mid 1960s, due to the growth of agriculture and declining rainfall. Image: Unep
  • Groundbreaking Research Sheds Light On Ancient Mystery (Easter Island)

    09/19/2005 4:36:30 PM PDT · by blam · 62 replies · 2,079+ views
    Rochester Instityute Of Technology ^ | 8-31-2005 | Will Dube
    Release Date: Aug. 31, 2005 Contact: Will Dube (585) 475-4954 or wjduns@rit.edu Groundbreaking Research Sheds Light on Ancient Mystery RIT researcher creates new population model to help predict and prevent societal collapse A researcher at Rochester Institute of Technology is unraveling a mystery surrounding Easter Island. William Basener, assistant professor of mathematics, has created the first mathematical formula to accurately model the island’s monumental societal collapse. Between 1200 and 1500 A.D., the small, remote island, 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile, was inhabited by over 10,000 people and had a relatively sophisticated and technologically advanced society. During this time,...
  • New "Kon-Tiki" expedition postponed (Norway)

    02/07/2005 6:01:51 AM PST · by franksolich · 12 replies · 480+ views
    Aftenposten ^ | February 7, 2005 | reporter
    New 'Kon-Tiki' expedition postponedNorwegian organizers of a new expedition in a replica of the late explorer Thor Heyerdahl's famed "Kon-Tiki" raft were supposed to cast off from Peru this spring. Now they're aiming for the spring of 2006 instead.The group of adventurers, which included a grandson of Heyerdahl, had high hopes for their so-called "Tangaroa Expedition," named after a Polynesian god of the sea. They planned to set off April 28, on a 101-day voyage across the Pacific.The tsunamis that hit Asia on December 26, however, doused those plans. Important sponsors decided to redirect funding grants to tsunami victims instead...
  • Easter Island, Fools' Paradise

    11/21/2004 12:48:29 PM PST · by blam · 91 replies · 4,300+ views
    TLS ^ | 11-18-2004 | Roland Wright
    Easter island, fools' paradise Ronald Wright 18 November 2004 The greatest wonder of the ancient world is how recent it all is. No city or monument is much more than 5,000 years old. Only about seventy lifetimes, of seventy years, have been lived end to end since civilization began. Its entire run occupies a mere 0.002 per cent of the nearly 3 million years since our first ancestor sharpened a stone. The progress of “man the hunter” during the Old Stone Age, or Palaeolithic – his perfection of weapons and techniques – led directly to the end of hunting as...
  • (Prince) Madoc In America

    07/10/2003 5:56:52 PM PDT · by blam · 74 replies · 7,275+ views
    Madoc In AmericaNative American Histories in the USA Is truth stranger than fiction? Of course it is; it always has been One subject that has been debated for the last four hundred years was whether or not a Khumric-Welsh Prince called Madoc discovered America. Queen Elizabeth I was persuaded by her advisors that this was so and the Khumric-Welsh discovery was put forward as somehow giving England a prior claim in the political wrangles over first rights in the New World of the Americas. No one ever thought to investigate the British records. Caradoc of Llancarfan wrote about it circa...
  • Liberal'History 101'takes a hit?

    08/18/2004 1:56:04 PM PDT · by Mr_Fantastic_1776 · 8 replies · 367+ views
    Archaeologists, anthropologists and ethnographers work hand in hand with historians. Their job is to present information that protects and preserves political history. As a unified group these folks soundly condemn the work of Dr. Fell. They do so without basis in fact and a vengence undeserved. (See Dr. Norman Totten's response here.) His revelation that the Celtic, Arabic and other People visited, emigrated and traded with Native Americans is simple truth. History hides these facts from the general population. They would rather keep the idea that the Native Americans were illiterate savages, incapable of civilized behavior. Nothing could be farther...
  • Kon-Tiki Replica To Sail, Study Pacific In 2005

    09/06/2004 4:20:33 PM PDT · by blam · 17 replies · 1,087+ views
    ABC Science News ^ | 9-6-2004 | Alister Doyle
    Kon-Tiki Replica to Sail, Study Pacific in 2005 Sept. 6, 2004 — By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent OSLO (Reuters) - A replica of the Kon-Tiki balsa raft will sail the Pacific in 2005 to study mounting environmental threats to the oceans since Thor Heyerdahl made his daredevil 1947 voyage, organizers said on Monday. One of Heyerdahl's grandsons will be among the six-strong crew for the trip from Peru aiming to reach Tahiti, about 310 miles west of the Raroia atoll where the Kon-Tiki ran aground after traveling 4,970 miles in 101 days. Heyerdahl's original voyage defied many experts' predictions that...
  • 3,000-Year-Old Bodies Studied in Australia

    08/27/2004 7:27:50 AM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 13 replies · 732+ views
    AP via Yahoo! News ^ | 08/27/04 | N/A
    3,000-Year-Old Bodies Studied in Australia 25 minutes ago Add Science - AP to My Yahoo! SYDNEY, Australia - Headless bodies buried 3,000 years ago in the oldest cemetery in the Pacific could reveal much about the earliest settlers of Vanuatu, Fiji and Polynesia, Australian archeologists said on Friday. The burial site — which was accidentally uncovered by a bulldozer driver building an embankment for a prawn farm — contains the oldest human remains yet found in the region. Archeologists say the discovery will unearth many clues about the appearance and culture of the Lapita people — some of the earliest...
  • Archaeologists Uncover Ancient Maritime Spice Route Between India, Egypt

    02/08/2004 12:57:17 PM PST · by blam · 33 replies · 2,039+ views
    Archaeologists Uncover Ancient Maritime Spice Route Between India, Egypt Archaeologists from UCLA and the University of Delaware have unearthed the most extensive remains to date from sea trade between India and Egypt during the Roman Empire, adding to mounting evidence that spices and other exotic cargo traveled into Europe over sea as well as land. "These findings go a long way toward improving our understanding of the way in which a whole range of exotic cargo moved into Europe during antiquity," said Willeke Wendrich, an assistant professor of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at UCLA and co-director of the project....
  • An Ancient Link To Africa Lives On In Bay Of Bengal

    12/10/2002 1:09:21 PM PST · by blam · 47 replies · 1,000+ views
    The New York Times ^ | 12-10-2002 | Nicholas Wade
    An Ancient Link to Africa Lives on in Bay of Bengal By NICHOLAS WADE Inhabitants of the Andaman Islands, a remote archipelago east of India, are direct descendants of the first modern humans to have inhabited Asia, geneticists conclude in a new study. But the islanders lack a distinctive genetic feature found among Australian aborigines, another early group to leave Africa, suggesting they were part of a separate exodus. The Andaman Islanders are "arguably the most enigmatic people on our planet," a team of geneticists led by Dr. Erika Hagelberg of the University of Oslo write in the journal Current...
  • Ancient Vessel Traces Voyages Of The Past

    06/13/2002 2:31:03 PM PDT · by blam · 16 replies · 2,402+ views
    Cyprus Mail ^ | 6-13-2002
    Ancient vessel retraces voyages of the past By Stefanos Evripidou IT LOOKS like a tree house stuck on a bamboo banana. In reality it's the incarnation of a pre-Pharaonic reed boat, designed and built to unravel the mysteries of prehistoric navigation. The Abora II drifted in to Larnaca marina yesterday. Weighing in at six- tonnes, the vessel is a totra-reed boat. It is 11.5 metres long, 3.5 metres wide and 1.5 metres deep. The man responsible for building the huge boat is Dominique Goerlitz, a biology teacher at a school in Germany. As a student, Goerlitz was fascinated by the...
  • Ancient Romans In Texas?

    04/14/2002 6:23:47 AM PDT · by Hellmouth · 131 replies · 7,016+ views
    Science Frontiers online ^ | Nov-Dec 1993 | William Corliss
    ANCIENT ROMANS IN TEXAS? If one searches long enough and hard enough, one can discover hints that just about any ancient culture you care to name set foot in the New World well before the Vikings and Columbus. Old coins, inscriptions, language concordances, and the like are taken by many as proofs that Egyptians visited Oklahoma, the Chinese moored along the Pacific coast, the Celts toured New England, and so on. Now, according to Professor V. Belfiglio, the ancient Romans had Texas on their itineraries. Belfiglio's evidence is fourfold, and so are mainstream criticisms: Roman coins found in Texas....
  • Books, Magazines, Movies, Music

    07/11/2004 9:34:44 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 189 replies · 14,979+ views
    Amazon ^ | March 2004 | Anatoly T. Fomenko
    History: Fiction or Science? by Anatoly T. Fomenko
  • In the Footsteps of Heyerdahl

    08/16/2002 1:32:09 PM PDT · by Richard Poe · 34 replies · 978+ views
    RichardPoe.com ^ | August 16, 2002 | Richard Poe
    WHEN THOR HEYERDAHL died in April, the mass media fell oddly mute. Some readers told me that they learned of the great Norwegian explorer’s death only a week later, by reading my eulogy on the Internet. Such apathy seems hard to fathom. Every schoolboy once read Kon-Tiki and dreamed of conquering the waves as Heyerdahl had done. Perhaps, imbued with the modern philosophy of "safety first," today’s journalists no longer wish to encourage such dreams. Media apathy has likewise greeted Dominique Goerlitz – Heyerdahl’s apprentice and heir apparent. On July 20, this 35-year-old German schoolteacher landed in Alexandria, Egypt, after...
  • Explorer Thor Heyerdahl, 87, Dies

    04/19/2002 3:19:18 AM PDT · by Vigilant1 · 36 replies · 896+ views
    AP, via Newsday.com ^ | 19 April 2002 | DOUG MELLGREN
    By DOUG MELLGREN, Associated Press Writer April 19, 2002, 4:42 AM EDT OSLO, Norway -- Thor Heyerdahl, the Norwegian explorer who crossed the Pacific on a balsa log raft to prove his theories of human migration, has died at 87. Heyerdahl, whose book "Kon-Tiki" on the daring 101-day voyage sold millions of copies, stopped taking food, water or medication in early April after being diagnosed with a terminal brain tumor. He died Thursday night in his sleep at home in Colla Michari, Italy, said his son, Thor Heyerdahl Jr. Heyerdahl had been hospitalized near there in late March when he...
  • Adventurer Thor Heyerdahl Dies

    04/18/2002 12:31:21 PM PDT · by blam · 13 replies · 313+ views
    Ananova ^ | 4-18-2002
    Adventurer Thor Heyerdahl dies Norweigian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl has died in his sleep in Italy, aged 87. He became famous for crossing the Pacific ocean from Peru to Polynesia on a balsa log raft in 1947. His book "Kon-Tiki" about the harrowing, 101-day feat made him world famous. Mr Heyerdahl stopped taking food, water or medication in early April after being diagnosed with a terminal brain tumour at a hospital near his family retreat in Italy. He spent his final days surrounded by family at Colla Michari, a Roman-era Italian village he bought and restored in the 1950s. His permanent...