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Keyword: iraqhistory

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  • Deployed Airmen find ancient artifacts at Iraqi air base

    12/30/2007 4:49:43 PM PST · by Jet Jaguar · 6 replies · 91+ views
    AFPN ^ | 28 Dec 2007 | Staff Sgt. Trevor Tiernan
    KIRKUK AIR BASE, Iraq (AFPN) -- An Airman and his team discovered fragments of pottery, possibly dating back as far back as 2,000 years during a recent job at Kirkuk Air Base. Tech. Sgt. Kelly Wayment, a heavy equipment operator with the 506th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron here, was carrying out a routine operation near a helicopter landing pad when he noticed something peculiar. Sergeant Wayment was spotting for fellow 506th ECES member Staff Sgt. Michael Massey as he drove a grader over the area. "I noticed something on the ground that looked kind of like a rock," said the...
  • 1958: Coup in Iraq sparks jitters in Middle East ( July 14, 1958)

    07/14/2007 11:35:27 AM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 15 replies · 738+ views
    BBC ^ | Archives of the BBC 1958 | BBC Staff
    A military revolt in Iraq overthrows the monarchy and prompts King Hussein of Jordan to call for British and US military help to avert a similar rebellion in his country. ********************************************************************** 1958: Coup in Iraq sparks jitters in Middle East A group of Iraqi army officers have staged a coup in Iraq and overthrown the monarchy. Baghdad Radio announced the Army has liberated the Iraqi people from domination by a corrupt group put in power by "imperialism". From now on Iraq would be a republic that would "maintain ties with other Arab countries". It said some 12,000 Iraqi troops based...
  • NYT Editorial: The threat posed by Iraq and its arsenal is too serious for diplomacy

    06/30/2005 5:50:02 AM PDT · by nwrep · 80 replies · 1,590+ views
    The New York Times Archives [NO TEXT LINK] | Feb 18, 1998 | Editorial
    With the approach of a new moon over Iraq next week, and the darkness it will provide for air operations, the days for diplomacy would appear to be dwindling fast. That is why Kofi Annan, the United Nations Secretary General, is preparing for an urgent visit to Baghdad, and it is why President Clinton traveled to the Pentagon yesterday to issue his most explicit warning to Saddam Hussein that the United States will use military force if he refuses to allow unrestricted access to U.N. weapons inspectors. In these anxious hours, it is important not to lose sight of what...
  • Gilgamesh Tomb Believed Found

    01/30/2005 2:51:03 PM PST · by blam · 106 replies · 8,828+ views
    AINA/BBC ^ | 1-25-2005
    Gilgamesh Tomb Believed Found Posted 01-25-2005 10:02:40 (GMT 1-25-2005 (BBC) -- Archaeologists in Iraq believe they may have found the lost tomb of King Gilgamesh - the subject of the oldest "book" in history. The Epic Of Gilgamesh - written by a Middle Eastern scholar 2,500 years before the birth of Christ - commemorated the life of the ruler of the city of Uruk, from which Iraq gets its name. Now, a German-led expedition has discovered what is thought to be the entire city of Uruk - including, where the Euphrates once flowed, the last resting place of its famous...
  • Winston's Folly: Imperialism and the Creation of Modern Iraq by Christopher Catherwood

    12/26/2004 6:49:29 PM PST · by lancer · 10 replies · 660+ views
    Guardian Unlimited Books ^ | November 27, 2004 | John Charmley, reviewer
    The Eastern Question that haunted the chancelleries of 19th-century Europe has returned to haunt George Bush and Tony Blair; or rather, the consequences of the failure to find a satisfactory answer to it have blighted all attempts to create a new international order in the aftermath of the cold war. This book is required reading for anyone wanting to have an informed opinion on recent events in Iraq; the fact that its author worked for Blair's "Strategic Futures Unit" makes one wonder why the prime minister did not spend more time reading history and less commissioning dodgy dossiers. There are...
  • Churchill's Iraq: Short-Term Fix Created Long-Term Problems

    07/29/2004 9:07:02 PM PDT · by quidnunc · 21 replies · 614+ views
    The Richmond [VA] Times-Dispatch ^ | July 30, 2004 | Christopher Caterwood
    From Winston Churchill in 1921 to Donald Rumsfeld in 2004, what to do with the part of the world we now call Iraq has perplexed even the mightiest of Western politicians. The students I teach at the University of Richmond are puzzled at the complexity of the situation in Iraq. What is the "Sunni triangle"? Why are the Shiite Muslims different, if they too are Arabs? If the Kurds are Sunni, why do they not want to be part of Iraq? Why are brave Americans dying? All these questions have a simple answer — Iraq was a completely new and...
  • The Making of Modern Iraq (Interesting backgrounder on Iraqi history since WW I)

    06/24/2004 6:27:32 PM PDT · by quidnunc · 3 replies · 278+ views
    The Wilson Quarterly ^ | Spring 2004 | Martin Walker
    In the early spring of 2003, a quarter of the British army was based in Kuwait, advancing north into familiar territory. In 1916, these soldiers’ great-grandfathers had first advanced up the river Tigris, to defeat and humiliation at Turkish hands. The following year the British returned, advancing to Baghdad and beyond. With General Edmund Allenby’s forces thrusting north through Palestine, aided by an Arab uprising, the British toppled the Ottoman Empire. They stayed on for another 40 years, briefly interrupted by a pro-Nazi seizure of power in Baghdad in 1941. It was a period marked by considerable social and economic...
  • In The Shadow Of Babylon

    06/15/2004 11:58:38 AM PDT · by blam · 2 replies · 247+ views
    The Guardian (UK) ^ | 6-14-2004 | Neil MacGregor
    In the shadow of Babylon If you want to understand Iraq, the British Museum's collection of its treasures offers some crucial clues Neil MacGregor Monday June 14, 2004 The Guardian (UK) The collapse of the Tower of Babel is perhaps the central urban myth. It is certainly the most disquieting. In Babylon, the great city that fascinated and horrified the Biblical writers, people of different races and languages, drawn together in pursuit of wealth, tried for the first time to live together - and failed. The result was bleak incomprehension. Ambitious technology defying the natural order was punished as the...
  • Iraqi Jihad against the British, 1920

    05/19/2004 1:28:38 PM PDT · by robowombat · 5 replies · 185+ views
    VFW Magazine ^ | Sept 2003
    Jihad against the British, 1920 Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, the Arab countries of the old Ottoman Empire were put under the mandated control of the victorious allies. Britain became responsible for Palestine and Iraq (the former Ottoman provinces of Mesopotamia), while France assumed responsibility for Syria and Lebanon. The arrangement was not popular with emerging Arab nationalists, and it was expensive for the countries holding the mandates. It cost the British government $18 million a year to maintain the resident garrison in Iraq of 25,000 British and 80,000 Indian troops. In addition, there were...
  • "Shocking and awful" (recalls when Churchill became "fed up" with Iraq occupation)

    05/11/2004 5:27:41 PM PDT · by churchillbuff · 23 replies · 164+ views
    US News ^ | 5/17/04 | Kevin Whitelaw
    Shocking and awful A series of horrific images and a big American black eye By Kevin Whitelaw Eight decades ago, British commanders called in punishing airstrikes to put down a fierce insurrection in one of its most unruly colonies. After pumping money into Iraq to support a deeply unpopular occupation, Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill was fed up. "We are paying 8 millions a year," he fumed, "for the privilege of living on an ungrateful volcano, out of which we are in no circumstances to get anything worth having." America now finds itself struggling to control the same volcano, a nation...
  • The Fall of Baghdad

    05/10/2004 12:16:49 PM PDT · by robowombat · 8 replies · 239+ views
    Manchester Guardian, ^ | 16 March 1917 | Edmund Candler
    The Fall of Baghdad by Edmund Candler, Manchester Guardian, 16 March 1917 Our vanguard entered Baghdad soon after nine o'clock this morning. The city is approached by an unmetalled road between palm groves and orange gardens. Crowds of Baghdadis came out to meet us: Persians, Krabe, Jew, Armenians, Chaldeans and Christians of diverse sects and races. They lined the streets, balconies and roofs, hurrahing and clapping their hands. Groups of schoolchildren danced in front of us, shouting and cheering, and the women of the city turned out in their holiday dresses. The people of the city have been robbed to...

    01/16/2004 9:04:49 PM PST · by Stewart_B · 47 replies · 676+ views
    IRAQ -- VERY INTERESTING -- DID YOU KNOW?????? 1. The Garden of Eden was in Iraq. 2. Mesopotamia, which is now Iraq, was the cradle of civilization! 3. Noah built the ark in Iraq. 4. The Tower of Babel was in Iraq. 5. Abraham was from Ur, which is in Southern Iraq! 6. Isaac's wife Rebekah is from Nahor which is in Iraq. 7. Jacob met Rachel in Iraq. 8. Jonah preached in Nineveh - which is in Iraq. 9. Assyria which is in Iraq conquered the ten tribes of Israel. 10. Amos cried out in Iraq! 11. Babylon which...
  • A Legacy Hidden in Plain Sight

    01/10/2004 9:36:40 PM PST · by neverdem · 13 replies · 169+ views
    The Washington Post ^ | January 11, 2004 | Theola Labbé
    <p>The word was whispered and hurled at Thawra Youssef in school when she was 5 years old. Even back then, she sensed it was an insult.</p> <p>Abd. Slave.</p> <p>"The way they said it, smiling and shouting, I knew they used it to make fun of me," said Youssef, recounting the childhood story from her living room couch.</p>
  • Three Iraqs are better than one

    10/24/2003 12:18:24 PM PDT · by yonif · 9 replies · 384+ views
    Jerusalem Post ^ | Oct. 23, 2003 | SHLOMO AVINERI
    The growing difficulties of the US-led coalition to set up a coherent form of government in Iraq, let alone a democratic one, raise a question which to most statesmen is unthinkable: Perhaps it is not possible to reconstitute Iraq as one state, and alternative options have to be considered, unpalatable as they may appear. Like so many problems of transformation, such as in Eastern Europe, the difficulties in Iraq have deep historical roots. To try to blame everything on the heavy-handedness of the Americans - and their mistakes have been legion - is too simplistic and shallow. Iraq was set...
  • Iraq oil - the target for years

    09/27/2003 3:20:25 PM PDT · by liberallarry · 10 replies · 286+ views
    Al Jazeera ^ | September 10, 2003 | Ahmad Quni
    US policy towards Iraq has always been shaped by the country’s rich oil resources, its strategic location on the Gulf and its regional weight. Iraq ranks only second to Saudi Arabia for its oil resources, and was the world’s second largest oil exporter before the Iraq-Iran war broke out in 1980. The US has always been a key importer of Iraqi oil. Even under the UN sanctions, US companies imported some 750,000 barrels per day (bpd) from Iraq until the end of 2002.     Based on current estimates, Iraq’s oil reserves stand at about 115 billion barrels, equivalent to the total oil...
  • With a Grain of Salt: The Kurds' fight for Kurdistan (Good History)

    09/19/2003 11:37:01 AM PDT · by Destro · 5 replies · 366+ views ^ | Friday, September 19, 2003 | Updated: 14:36 GMT | Dr Bhaskar Dasgupta
    Friday, September 19, 2003 | Updated: 14:36 GMT With a Grain of Salt: The Kurds' fight for Kurdistan Dr Bhaskar Dasgupta London, September 19 Kurds are much in the news these days. Apparently, northern Iraq, where the Kurds live, is a haven of peace compared to the sullen environs of Basra, Tikrit and Baghdad with fearful Sunnis, confused and militant Shias, and a host of other groups such as Palestinians, Marsh Arabs, Muslim jehadis etc. From what I gathered, the history of these Kurds is a particularly sad one and it is only now, after almost couple of thousand odd...

    08/28/2003 7:12:48 AM PDT · by robowombat · 7 replies · 523+ views
    Zind Magazine ^ | 28 October 2002
    HOW IRAQ WAS BORN The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 tried to pick up the pieces after the First World War, disposing of many parts of the world with a varying effectiveness vividly described by Margaret MacMillan in her new book, Paris 1919. The Conference was the closest thing there has ever been to a world government. Well before the war ended, European politicians already were negotiating how to divvy up the Middle East. In 1916, the British and French concluded what was known as the Sykes-Picot agreement, which assigned spheres of influence in the region. Rather than worrying too...
  • Arab Nationalism Self-Destructs-Saddam's socialist, racist vision killed the people it was to help.

    08/21/2003 5:38:05 AM PDT · by SJackson · 3 replies · 151+ views
    Wall St Journal ^ | August 21, 2003 | ABRAHAM D. SOFAER
    <p>With Arab militants pouring into Iraq to help carry out attacks like the U.N. bombing this week, it's worth traveling back in time a bit to examine just how we got here. Soon after joining Secretary of State George P. Shultz as his legal adviser in 1985, I was invited by Ambassador Richard Fairbanks (former Middle East negotiator) to a dinner in honor of Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz. The dinner was hosted by Hassib Sabbagh, a prominent and successful Palestinian businessman. Among the many distinguished guests were Donald Rumsfeld, at that point the former Secretary of Defense, some high-level U.S. officials and former officials, and several successful Arab Americans.</p>
  • Disregarding Iraqi Jewish History-The media omit the reason for Iraqi Jewish emigration

    08/01/2003 5:48:03 AM PDT · by SJackson · 9 replies · 2,301+ views
    Disregarding Iraqi Jewish HistoryBy | August 1, 2003 While the Palestinian and Israel Prime Ministers visit Washington to pursue high-level diplomatic discussions, a simple yet extraordinary humanitarian event occurred in the Mideast on Friday. Six elderly Iraqi Jews — remainders of what was once a vibrant and ancient community — were flown to safety in Israel, reuniting with long-lost family. The touching event was broadly covered by Western media, but when addressing the historical background of this story, the news outlets were remarkably vague: -- Associated Press: "Iraq once had a community of 130,000 Jews, but about 120,000...
  • British WW2 documents reveal pro-Nazi mufti of Jerusalem fled to Iraq

    07/26/2003 2:04:03 AM PDT · by yonif · 16 replies · 573+ views
    Jerusalem Post ^ | Jul. 25, 2003 | DOUGLAS DAVIS
    In an eery echo of the British government's current travails, previously unclassified documents have been released in London which recall a proposal more than 60 years ago to fabricate reports about another Hussein in Baghdad. The documents released by the National Archives show that World War Two foreign secretary Anthony Eden, approved a "whispering campaign" to discredit the pro-Nazi mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Hussein. The plot was instigated after Hussein fled Jerusalem in 1940 and was granted refuge by Rashid Ali, then-prime minister of Iraq, where British officials feared the mufti was organizing a terrorist campaign against British troops...
  • The Informer in Their Midst

    07/12/2003 7:15:56 PM PDT · by saquin · 2 replies · 168+ views
    Washington Post ^ | 7/13/03 | Peter Finn
    SUWAYRAH, Iraq -- The tape was already running as the two men reached the cafe. Ordinary sounds from a distant past are heard: the rustle of their clothes as they walked, the turn of some loose dirt underfoot, the nearby happy shrieks of children at play. The sounds crowd in on snatches of conversation that began, always, with the warm greeting between two old friends: Faleh Hassan Hmoud, a carpenter, and Salem Joda Shokan Zubeidi, a teacher. "Ya akhi," they said to each other, "Oh, my brother." They were neighbors who had known each other since childhood, eaten in each...
  • Gory Revelations Stun Iraqi's

    06/01/2003 7:32:35 PM PDT · by Stuckathome · 72 replies · 396+ views
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | 06/01/03 | Anna Badhken
    <p>Baghdad -- Like so many Iraqis these days, Chedha al Awsi feels betrayed and confused.</p> <p>On a computer screen before her, poorly recorded footage shows half a dozen laughing soldiers of Saddam Hussein's elite Republican Guard as they beat and kick civilian men kneeling on the ground, their hands bound behind their backs.</p>
  • History Repeats Itself in Baghdad

    05/27/2003 5:27:35 PM PDT · by Enemy Of The State · 3 replies · 183+ views
    Arab news (Saudi Arabia) ^ | 5.26.03 | Wahib Binzagr
    History Repeats Itself in BaghdadWahib Binzagr, CBE It seem that nine is Baghdad’s unlucky number. On Safar 9, 655 (1258), Houlakou the Tartar (the son of Genghis Khan) invaded Baghdad. On April 9, 2003 Baghdad fell to the coalition forces. The history of the Tartar invasion and their rule of Iraq is covered in a book written by the Egyptian historian Rasheed Aldean Fathul Allah Al-Hamazani. The general message of the book is that the invading Tartar forces, on taking over Baghdad, tolerated the killing of the innocent, stealing, looting, kidnapping and all sorts of atrocities. Most of the buildings...
  • Road trip to Babylon boosts troops' morale

    04/23/2003 3:04:01 PM PDT · by Ligeia · 12 replies · 1,059+ views
    Virginian-Pilot ^ | April 23, 2003 | DENNIS O'BRIEN
    Road trip to Babylon boosts troops' morale By DENNIS O'BRIEN, The Virginian-Pilot © April 23, 2003 Last updated: 3:30 AM Near the reconstructed arch of Ishtar, Navy chaplains and their escorts begin exploring ancient Babylon to gain perspective for their sermons. Photo by Dennis O'Brien / The Virginian-Pilot. More dispatches from Dennis O'Brien in Iraq BABYLON -- It wasn't the order Charlie Company had hoped for -- which would be ``You're going home'' -- but it beat spending another day camped outside Kut. The Marines were sent on a one-day road trip Tuesday, and what better place to visit...
  • Iraq's Culture of Violence

    04/22/2003 7:53:26 PM PDT · by Utah Girl · 3 replies · 561+ views
    The Middle East Quarterly ^ | Summer, 2001 | Shafeeq N. Ghabra
    No Arab people have been so traumatized by dictatorial rule, foreign adventurism, and war as the Iraqis under Saddam Husayn. To a considerable extent, the cause has been the Iraqi regime's failure to build a national identity that includes all Iraqis. It was this absence of integration that contributed directly to the rise of Saddam Husayn, who emerged from Iraq's need for a power stronger than its divisions. Saving the Iraqis from totalitarian rule and Iraq's neighbors from further depredations will therefore be no easier, but also no harder, than bringing to Iraq a policy of domestic inclusiveness. But is...
  • Americans Accused Of Turning Blind Eye To Killings By Kurds

    04/22/2003 3:52:10 PM PDT · by blam · 151+ views
    Independent (UK) ^ | 4-23-2003 | Kim Sengupta
    Americans accused of turning blind eye to killings by Kurds By Kim Sengupta in Kirkuk 23 April 2003 A bitter conflict is unfolding in northern Iraq between two minority communities, with the Americans accused of turning a blind eye to killings and ethnic cleansing. The Kurds, the victims of oppression by Saddam Hussein and previous regimes in Baghdad, are being blamed for a violent campaign of intimidation against the Turkoman population. Organisations representing the Turkomans say they want British and European troops to protect them because the Americans are acquiescing in what is taking place. Kirkuk, a city with a...
  • Iraqi-American Adnan Shati is a man caught in two worlds

    04/20/2003 10:53:14 AM PDT · by Valin · 9 replies · 213+ views
    Mpls (red)Star Tribune ^ | 4/20/03 | Kay Miller
    <p>When his Iraqi parents visited Minnesota in 1998, Adnan Shati took them to Rainbow Foods to show them America's plenty. "But, Babba [son]," his father said. "All this we had before Saddam." When Shati was a boy, he said, fish were so plentiful in the Euphrates River that his family caught them in bowls and harvested rice from the acres of paddies that his father owned. They lived on lush land near the ancient city of Ur -- near where the Garden of Eden is reputed to have been. Then Saddam Hussein's forces dammed the upstream waters, turning the marshes to dust. Migratory birds no longer stopped there. Crops no longer grew. Now Shati's extended family lives in Nasiriyah and buys tomatoes grown in Kuwait with money he sends.</p>
  • What Iranians have known about Jimmy Carter from the beginning

    04/19/2003 12:08:44 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 82 replies · 3,226+ views ^ | April 19, 2003 | Don Fife
    A few days ago, I walked into a local small business owned by a naturalized American citizen who was from Iran. During our conversation, the owner asked me what I thought about the U.S. and Coalition forces invading Iraq. I said that in my opinion Jimmy Carter and his State Department were totally responsible for this war, Iraq's slaughtering of its own citizens, and the tragic war with Iran. The shop owner grabbed me and gave me a "bear-hug." He said that in his 20 years living in America, I was the only American who understood what Iranians have known...
  • First Declaration of Human Rights (History)

    04/18/2003 8:16:31 PM PDT · by freedom44 · 15 replies · 543+ views
    Zoroastrianism and Biblical Connections ^ | 4/18/03 | Dr. Darius Jahanian
    One of the significant events in ancient history is the conquest of Babylon by the Persian king, Cyrus the Great. On October 4th, 539 BC, the Persian Army entered the city of Babylon, which was then the capital of the Babylonian state (in central Iraq). This was a bloodless campaign and no prisoners were taken. Later, on November 9th, King Cyrus of Persia visited the city. Babylonian history tells us that Cyrus was greeted by the people, who spread a pathway of green twigs before him as a sign of honor and peace (sulmu). Cyrus greeted all Babylonians in peace...
  • Impact of Iraqi defeat on Islam: Lindsey documents irrational Muslim mindset, escape from reason

    04/17/2003 11:53:31 PM PDT · by JohnHuang2 · 8 replies · 211+ views ^ | Friday, April 18, 2003 | Hal Lindsey
    Islamic militant Abdullah Azzam boasted to a crowd of American Muslims in 1988, "After [the defeat of the USSR in] Afghanistan, nothing is impossible for us anymore. There are no superpowers ... what matters is the willpower that springs from our religious belief." El Sayyid Nosair, the man charged with killing Rabbi Meir Kahane, wrote, "We have to thoroughly demoralize the enemies of God by means of destroying and blowing up the towers that constitute the pillars of their civilization, such as the high buildings of which they are so proud." This is the thinking behind the creation of the...
  • Ur: From Dawn of Civilization to 21st Century War

    04/15/2003 9:06:02 PM PDT · by Pharmboy · 6 replies · 305+ views
    Associated Press ^ | 4-15-03 | Denis D. Gray
    UR, Iraq (AP) - This is the place where civilization arose, where an ingenious race of people irrigated fields, forged agricultural tools and devised the written word. Some 6,000 years after this glorious beginning, U.S. forces drove sophisticated machines of war through the cradle of mankind. But the fighting, which was heavy in the nearby city of Nasiriyah, spared the sand-swept ruins of Ur and the two families who remain the site's guardians and guides. "We are proud," said Dhief Nauos of his job as custodian of one of Iraq's greatest historic treasures. Five other men standing outside two humble...
  • Islamic Library Burned to the Ground [Fisk ALERT]

    04/14/2003 2:40:24 PM PDT · by Oldeconomybuyer · 59 replies · 4,826+ views
    ArabNews - Saudi Arabia ^ | 4-15-03 | Robert Fisk
    BAGHDAD, 15 April 2003 — So yesterday was the burning of books. First came the looters, then came the arsonists. It was the final chapter in the sack of Baghdad. The National Library and Archives — a priceless treasure of Ottoman historical documents including the old royal archives of Iraq — were turned to ashes in 3,000 degrees of heat. Then the Islamic Library of Qur’ans at the Ministry of Religious Endowment was set ablaze. I saw the looters. One of them cursed me when I tried to reclaim a book of Islamic law from a boy who could have...
  • Russian organization was training Iraqi spies, documents show (more info from Iraqi documents)

    04/12/2003 10:08:43 PM PDT · by FairOpinion · 141 replies · 890+ views
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | April 13, 2003 | Robert Collier and Bill Wallace
    <p>A Moscow-based organization was training Iraqi intelligence agents as recently as last September -- at the same time Russia was resisting the Bush administration's push for a tough stand against Saddam Hussein's regime, Iraqi documents discovered by The Chronicle show.</p>
  • Who Armed Iraq? Myth vs. Fact

    04/10/2003 4:27:37 PM PDT · by backhoe · 66 replies · 4,350+ views
    Free Dominion/Newsmax ^ | March 17, 2003 | Charles R. Smith
    Name one weapon in the Iraqi arsenal that was made in the United States. I have offered that challenge to dozens of so-called anti-war activists who claim that the U.S. armed Iraq. According to these protesters for "peace," George Bush Sr. and Ronald Reagan supplied Iraq with tons of weapons. None have been able to name the specific weapon – missile, bomb, fighter, tank or shell – that is U.S.-made or has U.S. equipment installed in it. None have been able to name any specific weapon system. All of them have failed the challenge, providing no more than allegations that...
  • The News We (CNN) Kept To Ourselves [must read]

    04/10/2003 9:16:06 PM PDT · by Pokey78 · 1,557 replies · 21,009+ views
    The New York Times ^ | 04/11/03 | EASON JORDAN
    ATLANTA — Over the last dozen years I made 13 trips to Baghdad to lobby the government to keep CNN's Baghdad bureau open and to arrange interviews with Iraqi leaders. Each time I visited, I became more distressed by what I saw and heard — awful things that could not be reported because doing so would have jeopardized the lives of Iraqis, particularly those on our Baghdad staff. For example, in the mid-1990's one of our Iraqi cameramen was abducted. For weeks he was beaten and subjected to electroshock torture in the basement of a secret police headquarters because he...
  • Iraqgate (need help debunking)

    04/10/2003 12:27:09 PM PDT · by blanknoone · 15 replies · 261+ views
    Village Voice ^ | March 1993 | Russ W. Baker
    "ABC News Nightline opened last June 9 with words to make the heart stop. "It is becoming increasingly clear," said a grave Ted Koppel, "that George Bush, operating largely behind the scenes throughout the 1980s, initiated and supported much of the financing, intelligence, and military help that built Saddam's Iraq into the aggressive power that the United States ultimately had to destroy." "Is this accurate? Just about every reporter following the story thinks so. Most say that the so-called Iraqgate scandal is far more significant then either Watergate or Iran-contra, both in its scope and its consequences. And all believe...
  • The fall of Baghdad, 1258 A.D.

    04/09/2003 5:29:22 PM PDT · by Lorianne · 7 replies · 183+ views ^ | 24 February 2001 | Historical account
    In the territories he governed, notably Persia, he was generally tolerant of Muslims, but once he was gripped by his lust to destroy any political entity capable of opposing him, he waged a war of total destruction against the most prestigious metropolises of Islâm. His first target was Baghdad. At first, Hulegu asked the Abbasid caliph, al-Mutasim, the thirty-seventh of his dynasty, to recognize Mongol sovereignty as his predecessors had once accepted the rule of the Seljuk Turks. The prince of the faithful, overconfident of his own prestige, sent word to the conqueror that any attack on his capital would...
  • Who really armed Saddam

    04/09/2003 8:39:31 AM PDT · by chrlmc · 12 replies · 350+ views
    If this has been posted before, I apologize. I just found this link on A chart showing weapons imported by Iraq since 1973 as share of sales by country. I'd post the chart here, but I don't know HTML. This shows who has really armed Saddam.
  • Iraqi Jews look back

    04/08/2003 8:22:32 PM PDT · by SJackson · 5 replies · 257+ views
    Chicago Jewish News ^ | 4-9-03 | Pauline Dubkin Yearwood
    Looking at images from today's war- torn, poverty-ravaged Iraq, it's difficult to believe that the nation was once the center of the Jewish world and home to a thriving and well- educated Jewish community. Harder still to believe that for centuries, Jews and Arabs lived peacefully together there. But two Chicago-area Jews with Iraqi roots have family connections that reach back to those long-gone days, and that still play a part in their lives and thoughts. Dr. Moshe Zamir, an Elgin internist, was born in Baghdad and lived there with his family until he was 10 years old. Today he...
  • Return of the Gurkhas

    04/08/2003 2:10:17 PM PDT · by znix · 30 replies · 386+ views
    The Weekly Standard ^ | 04/08/2003 | Victorino Matus
    YOU WOULDN'T WANT to be a defender of Saddam's regime right about now. Not only is the country teeming with coalition regulars, but also a vast and deadly array of the world's elite special forces. We're not just talking about the Green Berets. There's the Delta Force, Navy SEALs, and the Nightstalkers. And don't forget Australia's Tactical Assault Group (TAG), Poland's GROM, and of course the British SAS and the Gurkhas. For some, like the GROM ("thunder" in Polish) commandos, it is history in the making. This is their first time in Iraq and thus far they have helped secure...
  • Hayes on Free Iraqi Forces in Uum Qasar: now and then (1991)

    04/07/2003 3:55:28 AM PDT · by risk · 2 replies · 220+ views
    Weekly Standard ^ | 04/14/2003 | Stephen Hayes
    Liberating Iraq From the April 14, 2003 issue: An emotional homecoming for the Free Iraqi Forces. by Stephen F. Hayes 04/14/2003, Volume 008, Issue 30 Umm Qasr, Iraq THE WHEELS of the four Humvees in our convoy had not stopped turning when Ali al-Ethari jumped out of the back of the second vehicle and sprinted toward the front of the Port Authority building here in Umm Qasr, Iraq. The 15 others in the convoy--11 American soldiers, two Iraqi Americans, and two reporters--knew where he was headed. Tributes to Saddam Hussein appear everywhere in this southern port town. A smiling, avuncular...
  • FACTBOX-Foreign conquests of Baghdad in the past

    04/07/2003 7:36:49 AM PDT · by JohnHuang2 · 2 replies · 206+ views
    Reuters | Monday, April 7, 2003
    FACTBOX-Foreign conquests of Baghdad in the past LONDON, April 7 (Reuters) - The U.S. armoured incursion into Baghdad on Monday brought a foreign invasion force into the heart of the Iraqi capital for the first time since a British military intervention in 1941. Here is a short history of invasions of Baghdad, which was founded in 762 AD by the Abbasid dynasty's Caliph Mansour. 1258 - Hulagu, grandson of Mongol leader Genghis Khan, captures and destroys Baghdad, ending the Abbasid caliphate. 1393 - Tamurlane, who had proclaimed himself Mongol Khan in 1370, invades Baghdad. 1534 - Baghdad is annexed to...
  • IRAQ: A 'stream' of great import (the Shatt al Arab)

    04/06/2003 1:29:13 PM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 6 replies · 205+ views
    The Orange County Register ^ | Sunday, April 6, 2003 | SIR ELDON GRIFFITHS - National President of the World Affairs Councils of America
    <p>As the Battle for Baghdad looms, I think - wistfully - of the days when, as chief correspondent for Newsweek and later, as a British member of Parliament, I reported on Iraq, Iran and the then-magical Gulf States of Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait. Baghdad in the mid-1950s was headquarters of the U.S.-inspired CENTO alliance that linked Britain with Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Pakistan to prevent the Soviet Union from grabbing the Middle East oilfields.</p>
  • Arabs Laud Iraqi Resistance (Pathetic!)

    04/04/2003 6:41:28 AM PST · by SkyPilot · 14 replies · 352+ views
    Associated Press ^ | 4 April 2003 | DONNA BRYSON
    Arabs Laud Iraqis' Resistance By DONNA BRYSON, Associated Press Writer CAIRO, Egypt - Among many Arabs, it has become an icon of the war, an image first broadcast on Iraqi television, then repeated in newspapers across the region: Iraqi farmers in flowing, checkered headdresses, and the U.S. attack helicopter they claimed to have shot down. In the Arab world, military victories have been so scarce in recent decades that Arabs celebrate the mere fact that Iraq (news - web sites) hasn't lost yet and that its people haven't surrendered in the face of America's technological superiority. Retired Gen. Hossam Sweilim,...
  • Why Arabs lose wars

    08/28/2002 5:12:19 AM PDT · by Valin · 54 replies · 3,013+ views
    American Diplomacy ^ | Norvell B. De Atkine
    ARABIC-SPEAKING ARMIES have been generally ineffective in the modern era. Egyptian regular forces did poorly against Yemeni irregulars in the 1960s. Syrians could only impose their will in Lebanon during the mid-1970s by the use of overwhelming weaponry and numbers. Iraqis showed ineptness against an Iranian military ripped apart by revolutionary turmoil in the 1980s and could not win a three-decades-long war against the Kurds. The Arab military performance on both sides of the 1990 Kuwait war was mediocre. And the Arabs have done poorly in nearly all the military confrontations with Israel. Why this unimpressive record? There are many...
  • The Folly of Containment: alternative to military action entails a danger greater than war itself

    04/04/2003 2:26:36 AM PST · by JohnHuang2 · 253+ views ^ | Friday, April 4, 2003 | By Robert J. Lieber
    The Folly of Containment By Robert J. Lieber Commentary | April 4, 2003 NO MATTER what finally happens in our confrontation with Iraq, the use of force against Saddam Hussein is a subject that is bound to be debated for years to come. Any proposed resort to war carries great risks and entails unforeseeable consequences; this particular resort to war, having occasioned months of impassioned and often bitter discussion at home and abroad, and having run up against determined resistance on the part of some of America’s democratic allies, invites repeated reassessment. These lines are being written in early March....
  • Saddam's regime is a European import

    04/03/2003 3:58:00 AM PST · by knighthawk · 5 replies · 226+ views
    National Post ^ | April 03 2003 | Bernard Lewis
    In the Western world, knowledge of history is poor -- and the awareness of history is frequently poorer. For example, people often argue today as if the kind of political order that prevails in Iraq is part of the immemorial Arab and Islamic tradition. This is totally untrue. The kind of regime represented by Saddam Hussein has no roots in either the Arab or Islamic past. Rather, it is an ideological importation from Europe -- the only one that worked and succeeded (at least in the sense of being able to survive). In 1940, the French government accepted defeat and...
  • History explains stiff Iraqi resistance at Karbala Gap

    04/02/2003 4:11:31 PM PST · by Bayou City · 12 replies · 182+ views
    Army Times ^ | April 02, 2003 | By Robert Hodierne and Riad Kahwaji
    <p>DOHA, QATAR — The U.S. military calls it the Karbala Gap, a narrow sandy plain between Lake Buhayrat ar Razzazah on the west and the Euphrates River on the east. On Wednesday, American soldiers raced through the gap on their way to Baghdad, facing only minimal Iraqi opposition.</p>
  • Protecting Iraq's Ancient Treasures: Pentagon has "No Strike" List

    04/01/2003 12:02:11 PM PST · by u-89 · 18 replies · 884+ views
    SF Chronicle ^ | 31-03-03 | David Perlman
    <p>Answering the pleas of archaeologists and scholars worldwide, the Pentagon has ordered ground troops and aircraft to spare Iraq's treasured archaeological sites wherever possible.</p> <p>This is the fabled Mesopotamia of antiquity, the "cradle of civilization" where the first agrarian societies around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers invented writing, the wheel, the first laws, and literature and mathematics -- some more than 6,000 years ago.</p>
  • Babil, Iraq (Karbala,Al Hillah,vicinity)-- the Ancient City of Babylon

    03/31/2003 8:21:05 AM PST · by peeve23 · 33 replies · 1,217+ views
    AncientNearEast ^ | AncientNearEast
    . The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium ANCIENT ISRAEL IRAQ EGYPT TURKEY SYRIA LEBANON JORDAN ARABIA CYPRUS BAHRAIN AND WESTERN IRAN Ancient Babylon (Babel) [Babil] The capital of Babylonia situated on the Euphrates River south of Baghdad in modern Iraq. Thc city was occupied from the 3rd millennium BC but became important early in the 2nd millennium under the Kings of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The sixth King of this dynasty was Hammurabi (circa 1792 - 1750 BC) who made Babylon the capital of a vast empire and is best remembered for his code of...