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Keyword: junkdna

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  • Milestone study probes cancer origin

    08/17/2013 4:54:38 PM PDT · by CutePuppy · 17 replies
    BBC ^ | 2013 August 14 | James Gallagher
    Scientists are reporting a significant milestone for cancer research after charting 21 major mutations behind the vast majority of tumours. The disruptive changes to the genetic code, reported in Nature, accounted for 97% of the 30 most common cancers. Finding out what causes the mutations could lead to new treatments. Some causes, such as smoking are known, but more than half are still a mystery. Cancer Research UK said it was a fascinating and important study. A tumour starts when one of the building blocks of bodies, a cell, goes wrong. Over the course of a lifetime cells pick up...
  • First Scientific Proof Of God Found

    07/03/2014 5:43:52 PM PDT · by free_life · 51 replies
    http://witscience.org ^ | June 22, 2014 | Dr. Richter DasMeerungeheuer
    W.I.T. scientists, in conjunction with the Human Genome Project and Bob Jones University, have made what may be the most astounding discovery of this, or any generation. While working to understand and map the function of sequences of DNA in the human genome known as “Junk DNA” (for their lack of known function), scientists at W.I.T. noted that while the DNA sequences they were seeing bore little resemblance to the coding for biological function, they bore a striking similarity to the patterns of human language. Gene Bmp3 has a Retrotransposon sequence which translates to the well-known 1 Cor 6:19 “Do...
  • Breakthrough study overturns theory of 'junk DNA' in genome

    12/15/2013 5:16:23 PM PST · by Dark Knight · 62 replies
    The Guardian ^ | Alok Jha
    Long stretches of DNA previously dismissed as "junk" are in fact crucial to the way our genome works, an international team of researchers said on Wednesday.
  • 'Junk' DNA Mystery Solved: It's Not Needed

    05/12/2013 6:18:58 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 30 replies
    livescience.com ^ | 12 May 2013 Time: 01:00 PM ET
    ... So-called junk DNA, the vast majority of the genome that doesn't code for proteins, really isn't needed for a healthy organism, according to new research. "At least for a plant, junk DNA really is just junk — it's not required," said study co-author Victor Albert, a molecular evolutionary biologist at the University of Buffalo in New York. ... Albert and his colleagues sequenced the genome of the carnivorous bladderwort plant, Utricularia gibba, which lives in wet soil or fresh water throughout the world and sucks swimming microorganisms into its tiny, 1-milimeter-long bladders. The genome had just 80 million base...
  • Scientists Reveal Single Gene Is the Difference Between Humans and Apes

    11/22/2012 12:40:23 PM PST · by Fractal Trader · 58 replies
    Medical Daily ^ | 21 November 2012 | MAKINI BRICE
    What makes us human? Some say that it is the development of language, though others argue that animals have language as well. Some say that it is our ability to use tools, though many animals are able to use rocks and other objects as primitive tools. Some say that it is our ability to see death coming. Now, researchers believe that they have found the definitive difference between humans and other primates, and they think that the difference all comes down to a single gene. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland attribute the split of humanity from apes...
  • 'Junk DNA' Debunked

    09/14/2012 8:48:31 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 13 replies
    Wall Street Journal ^ | September 5, 2012, 2:01 p.m. ET | GAUTAM NAIK and ROBERT LEE HOTZ
    The deepest look into the human genome so far shows it to be a richer, messier and more intriguing place than was believed just a decade ago, scientists said Wednesday. While the findings underscore the challenges of tackling complex diseases, they also offer scientists new terrain to unearth better treatments. … Encode succeeded the Human Genome Project, which identified the 20,000 genes that underpin the blueprint of human biology. But scientists discovered that those 20,000 genes constituted less than 2% of the human genome. The task of Encode was to explore the remaining 98%—the so-called junk DNA—that lies between those...
  • 'Junk DNA' Can Sense Viral Infection: Promising Tool in the Battle Between Pathogen and Host

    04/28/2012 3:27:49 AM PDT · by neverdem · 13 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | Apr. 24, 2012 | NA
    Once considered unimportant "junk DNA," scientists have learned that non-coding RNA (ncRNA) -- RNA molecules that do not translate into proteins -- play a crucial role in cellular function. Mutations in ncRNA are associated with a number of conditions, such as cancer, autism, and Alzheimer's disease. Now, through the use of "deep sequencing," a technology used to sequence the genetic materials of the human genome, Dr. Noam Shomron of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine has discovered that when infected with a virus, ncRNA gives off biological signals that indicate the presence of an infectious agent, known as a...
  • Reanimated ‘Junk’ DNA Is Found to Cause Disease

    08/26/2010 8:53:29 AM PDT · by GeorgeSaden · 10 replies
    The human genome is riddled with dead genes, fossils of a sort, dating back hundreds of thousands of years — the genome’s equivalent of an attic full of broken and useless junk. Some of those genes, surprised geneticists reported Thursday, can rise from the dead like zombies, waking up to cause one of the most common forms of muscular dystrophy. This is the first time, geneticists say, that they have seen a dead gene come back to life and cause a disease. “If we were thinking of a collection of the genome’s greatest hits, this would go on the list,”...
  • Reanimated ‘Junk’ DNA Is Found to Cause Disease

    08/20/2010 9:39:51 PM PDT · by neverdem · 11 replies
    NY Times ^ | August 19, 2010 | GINA KOLATA
    The human genome is riddled with dead genes, fossils of a sort, dating back hundreds of thousands of years — the genome’s equivalent of an attic full of broken and useless junk. Some of those genes, surprised geneticists reported Thursday, can rise from the dead like zombies, waking up to cause one of the most common forms of muscular dystrophy. This is the first time, geneticists say, that they have seen a dead gene come back to life and cause a disease. “If we were thinking of a collection of the genome’s greatest hits, this would go on the list,”...
  • Junk DNA holds clues to heart disease

    02/21/2010 7:05:41 PM PST · by neverdem · 10 replies · 610+ views
    Nature News ^ | 21 February 2010 | Janet Fang
    Deleting a non-coding region leads to narrowing of arteries in mice. Researchers have made headway in working out why a section of junk DNA — the 98% or so of the genome that does not code for proteins — raises the risk of at least one form of heart disease. About one in five deaths in the United States results from excessive build-up of fatty plaques inside arteries supplying blood to the heart — known as coronary artery disease (CAD). In 2007, genome-wide association studies1,2 on thousands of participants linked a non-coding stretch of chromosome 9p21 with the disease, and...
  • Tweaking the Genetic Code: Debunking Attempts to Engineer Evolution

    12/01/2009 9:22:15 AM PST · by GodGunsGuts · 26 replies · 1,287+ views
    ACTS & FACTS ^ | December 2009 | Jeffrey Tomkins, Ph.D.
    A new concept making its way through the scientific community holds that just a few key changes in the right genes will result in a whole new life form as different from its progenitor as a bird is from a lizard![1] This idea is being applied to a number of key problems in the evolutionary model, one of which is the lack of transitional forms in both the fossil record and the living (extant) record. The new concept supposedly adds support to the "punctuated equilibrium" model proposed by the late Harvard paleontologist Stephen J. Gould. Dr. Gould derived his ideas...
  • News to Note, October 31, 2009: A weekly feature examining news from the biblical viewpoint

    10/31/2009 8:19:10 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 6 replies · 678+ views
    AiG ^ | October 31, 2009
    (See all these news nuggets and more by clicking the excerpt link below): 1. BBC News: “Darwin Teaching ‘Divides Opinion’” Darwinism is a controversial topic, and many believe creation should be taught in the classroom. But why is that news? 2. ScienceDaily: “Junk DNA Mechanism that Prevents Two Species from Reproducing Discovered” Has the U.S. government finally supported creationist research? Alas, no, but the results of a National Institutes of Health study fit squarely within the young-earth creation framework. 3. PhysOrg: “Charles Darwin Really Did Have Advanced Ideas about the Origin of Life” Charles Darwin was convinced that life’s origin...
  • Research team finds important role for junk DNA

    05/24/2009 6:28:34 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 10 replies · 767+ views
    News at Princeton ^ | 5/22/2009 | Kitta MacPherson
    Scientists have called it "junk DNA." They have long been perplexed by these extensive strands of genetic material that dominate the genome but seem to lack specific functions. Why would nature force the genome to carry so much excess baggage? Now researchers from Princeton University and Indiana University who have been studying the genome of a pond organism have found that junk DNA may not be so junky after all. They have discovered that DNA sequences from regions of what had been viewed as the "dispensable genome" are actually performing functions that are central for the organism. They have concluded...
  • 'Junk' DNA Has Important Role, Researchers Find

    05/21/2009 9:21:28 AM PDT · by Maelstorm · 22 replies · 1,108+ views
    http://www.sciencedaily.com ^ | May 21, 2009 | Princeton University
    Scientists have called it "junk DNA." They have long been perplexed by these extensive strands of genetic material that dominate the genome but seem to lack specific functions. Why would nature force the genome to carry so much excess baggage? Now researchers from Princeton University and Indiana University who have been studying the genome of a pond organism have found that junk DNA may not be so junky after all. They have discovered that DNA sequences from regions of what had been viewed as the "dispensable genome" are actually performing functions that are central for the organism. They have concluded...
  • When "Junk DNA" Isn't Junk: Farewell to a Darwinist Standard Response

    04/29/2009 5:16:55 PM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 66 replies · 1,262+ views
    Discovery Institute ^ | April 28, 2009 | Richard Sternberg, Ph.D.
    In the Darwinist repertoire, a standard response to evidence of design in the genome is to point to the existence of “junk DNA.” What is it doing there, if purposeful design really is detectable in the history of life’s development? Of course this assumes that the “junk” really is junk. That assumption has been cast increasingly into doubt. New research just out in the journal Nature Genetics finds evidence that genetic elements previously thought of as rubbish are anything but...
  • There’s more to life than sequence

    03/15/2009 11:25:04 PM PDT · by neverdem · 13 replies · 681+ views
    Nature News via Water in Biology ^ | March 13, 2009 | Philip Ball
    I have been meaning for some time to write about an interesting paper in JACS by Naoki Sugimoto’s group in Kobe. It found its way into an article that I wrote this week for Nature’s online news. So I’ve decided to simply post this article here – it’s not all strictly relevant to water in biology, but hopefully is interesting stuff anyway. This is the version before editing, which has more detail. Shape might be one of the key factors in the function of mysterious ‘non-coding’ DNA. Everyone knows what DNA looks like. Its double helix decorates countless articles on...
  • More Functional Non-Coding DNA Found (Darwinist "junk DNA" prediction going down in flames)

    03/16/2009 8:18:46 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 159 replies · 1,454+ views
    CEH ^ | March 12, 2009
    More Functional Non-Coding DNA Found March 12, 2009 — Another finding undermines the concept of “junk DNA.” A team of scientists in Massachusetts found over a thousand functional RNA transcripts from intergenic sequences. These RNA transcripts, coming not from genes but from regions earlier thought to be non-functional, take part in diverse functions from stem cell pluripotency to HOX gene developmental processes to cell proliferation...
  • A Curious Case of Genetic Resurrection

    03/06/2009 3:24:15 PM PST · by neverdem · 9 replies · 608+ views
    ScienceNOW Daily News ^ | 6 March 2009 | Benjamin Lester
    Enlarge ImageCurious evolution. Lemurs and other prosimians have a working copy of IRGM, but new data show that junk DNA then rendered it nonfunctional in monkeys. Two mutations and the insertion of a retrovirus restored its function in apes and humans. Credit: Adapted from Cemalettin Bekpen/Stockxpert.com Some genes just won't stay dead. Between 40 million and 50 million years ago, a slice of DNA called IRGM stopped functioning in the ancestors of modern-day monkeys. But 25 million years later, in the lineage that led to humans and great apes, three random events turned the gene back on. In mammals...
  • Astonishing DNA complexity demolishes neo-Darwinism

    01/13/2009 6:40:50 PM PST · by GodGunsGuts · 203 replies · 3,997+ views
    CMI ^ | Alex Williams
    The traditional understanding of DNA has recently been transformed beyond recognition. DNA does not, as we thought, carry a linear, one-dimensional, one-way, sequential code—like the lines of letters and words on this page. And the 97% in humans that does not carry protein-coding genes is not, as many people thought, fossilized ‘junk’ left over from our evolutionary ancestors. DNA information is overlapping-multi-layered and multi-dimensional; it reads both backwards and forwards; and the ‘junk’ is far more functional than the protein code, so there is no fossilized history of evolution. No human engineer has ever even imagined, let alone designed an...
  • Jumping 'Junk' DNA May Fuel Mammalian Evolution ('Junk' DNA not junk at all...ID Vindicated Again)

    06/21/2007 5:55:18 PM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 61 replies · 1,318+ views
    Scientific American ^ | April 23, 2007 | JR Minkel
    Tiny, jumping bits of DNA are looking less like genomic junk and more like significant players in mammalian evolution, according to a new analysis...
  • Intelligent Design and the Death of the "Junk-DNA" Neo-Darwinian Paradigm

    06/16/2007 1:09:15 AM PDT · by balch3 · 129 replies · 1,908+ views
    Discovery Institute ^ | June 15, 2007 | Casey Luskin
    Two recent news articles are discussing the death of the junk-DNA icon of Neo-Darwinism. Wired Magazine has an article pejoratively titled "One Scientist's Junk Is a Creationist's Treasure" that emphasizes the positive point that intelligent design has made successful predictions on the question of "junk-DNA." The article reports: [A] surprising group is embracing the results: intelligent-design advocates. Since the early '70s, many scientists have believed that a large amount of many organisms' DNA is useless junk. But recently, genome researchers are finding that these "noncoding" genome regions are responsible for important biological functions. The Wired Magazine article then quotes Discovery...
  • Human genome further unravelled ('Junk' DNA not so junky after all).

    06/15/2007 10:49:42 AM PDT · by Jedi Master Pikachu · 38 replies · 885+ views
    BBC ^ | Thursday, June 14, 2007
    The researchers hope to scale the work up to the whole of the genome A close-up view of the human genome has revealed its innermost workings to be far more complex than first thought.The study, which was carried out on just 1% of our DNA code, challenges the view that genes are the main players in driving our biochemistry. Instead, it suggests genes, so called junk DNA and other elements, together weave an intricate control network. The work, published in the journals Nature and Genome Research, is to be scaled up to the rest of the genome. Views transformed...
  • Study shows primitive fish had genetic wiring for limbs

    05/24/2007 10:47:48 AM PDT · by SubGeniusX · 30 replies · 818+ views
    Yahoo News (Reuters) ^ | Wed May 23, 7:45 PM ET | By Will Dunham
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Primitive fish already may have possessed the genetic wiring needed to grow hands and feet well before the appearance of the first animals with limbs roughly 365 million years ago, scientists said on Wednesday. University of Chicago researchers were seeking clues behind a momentous milestone in the evolution of life on Earth -- when four-legged amphibians that descended from fish first colonized dry land. These first amphibians paved the way for reptiles, birds and mammals, including people. "What we're interested in here is the transition from fin to limb -- a great evolutionary event," palaeontologist Neil Shubin,...
  • How Scientific Evidence is Changing the Tide of the Evolution vs. Intelligent Design Debate

    01/08/2007 2:16:07 PM PST · by Sopater · 69 replies · 795+ views
    INTRODUCTION: For the past few years there has been a relatively public battle between Evolution (Darwinism) and Intelligent Design (ID). In courtrooms, classrooms and even at the polls, ID has been mostly losing this battle. Meanwhile, with the completion of the human genome project and the sequencing of many other species, scientific discoveries are upending many long-held assumptions of the pro-evolution community, but they don’t seem to realize it yet. The purpose of this article is to illuminate some of these discoveries and give hope to the ID community that steady, patient defense of our position will eventually win the...
  • IBM Discovery Could Shed New Light on Workings of the Human Genome

    04/30/2006 5:57:12 AM PDT · by Tribune7 · 24 replies · 967+ views
    Yorktown Heights, NY, April 25, 2006 – IBM today announced its researchers have discovered numerous DNA patterns shared by areas of the human genome that were thought to have little or no influence on its function and those areas that do. As reported today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), regions of the human genome that were assumed to largely contain evolutionary leftovers (called “junk DNA”) may actually hold significant clues that can add to scientists’ understanding of cellular processes. IBM researchers have discovered that these regions contain numerous, short DNA “motifs,” or repeating sequence fragments,...
  • Salvage prospect for 'junk' DNA

    04/28/2006 6:59:38 AM PDT · by Sopater · 13 replies · 463+ views
    BBC News ^ | Wednesday, 26 April 2006, 05:53 GMT 06:53 UK | Paul Rincon
    Salvage prospect for 'junk' DNA By Paul Rincon BBC News science reporter A mathematical analysis of the human genome suggests that so-called "junk DNA" might not be so useless after all. The term junk DNA refers to those portions of the genome which appear to have no specific purpose. But a team from IBM has identified patterns, or "motifs", that were found both in the junk areas of the genome and those which coded for proteins. The presence of the motifs in junk DNA suggests these portions of the genome may have an important functional role. These regions may...
  • Evolutionary scrap-heap challenge: Antifreeze fish make sense out of junk DNA

    04/04/2006 3:47:37 PM PDT · by DaveLoneRanger · 93 replies · 1,361+ views
    EurekAlert! News ^ | April 4, 2006 | Society for Experimental Biology Staff
    Scientists at the University of Illinois have discovered an antifreeze-protein gene in cod that has evolved from non-coding or 'junk' DNA. Since the creation of these antifreeze proteins is directly driven by polar glaciation, by studying their evolutionary history the scientists hope to pinpoint the time of onset of freezing conditions in the polar and subpolar seas. Professor Cheng will present her latest results at the Annual Main Meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology in Canterbury on Tuesday the 4th April [session A2]. Fish such as cod that live in subzero polar waters have evolved to avoid freezing to...
  • Junk DNA may not be so junky after all

    03/29/2006 5:46:20 PM PST · by DaveLoneRanger · 83 replies · 2,205+ views
    EurekAlert ^ | March 23, 2006 | Johns Hopkins Staff
    Researchers develop new tool to find gene control regions Researchers at the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine at Johns Hopkins have invented a cost-effective and highly efficient way of analyzing what many have termed "junk" DNA and identified regions critical for controlling gene function. And they have found that these control regions from different species don't have to look alike to work alike. The study will be published online at Science Express March 23. The researchers developed a new system that uses zebrafish to test mammalian DNA and identify DNA sequences, known as enhancers, involved in turning on a gene....
  • UCSD Study Shows 'Junk' DNA Has Evolutionary Importance (Evolutionists don't get it)

    10/20/2005 5:13:26 AM PDT · by DaveLoneRanger · 75 replies · 1,278+ views
    University of California-San Diego ^ | October 19, 2005 | Kim McDonald
    Genetic material derisively called “junk” DNA because it does not contain the instructions for protein-coding genes and appears to have little or no function is actually critically important to an organism’s evolutionary survival, according to a study conducted by a biologist at UCSD. In the October 20 issue of Nature, Peter Andolfatto, an assistant professor of biology at UCSD, shows that these non-coding regions play an important role in maintaining an organism’s genetic integrity. In his study of the genes from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, he discovered that these regions are strongly affected by natural selection, the evolutionary process...
  • Molecular machine may lead to new drugs to combat human diseases

    02/21/2005 11:58:57 AM PST · by Michael_Michaelangelo · 79 replies · 891+ views
    Purdue University ^ | February 18, 2005 | Susan A. Steeves
    WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. – The crystallized form of a molecular machine that can cut and paste genetic material is revealing possible new paths for treating diseases such as some forms of cancer and opportunistic infections that plague HIV patients. Purdue University researchers froze one of these molecular machines, which are chemical complexes known as a Group I intron, at mid-point in its work cycle. When frozen, crystallized introns reveal their structure and the sites at which they bind with various molecules to cause biochemical reactions. Scientists can use this knowledge to manipulate the intron to splice out malfunctioning genes, said...
  • Introns Engineered for Genetic Repair

    02/21/2005 8:25:16 AM PST · by DannyTN · 5 replies · 327+ views
    Creation Evolution Headlines ^ | 02/18/05 | Creation Evolution Headlines
    Introns Engineered for Genetic Repair    02/18/2005 Scientists at Purdue University are using bacterial machines to treat cancer and other diseases.  These machines, called Group I introns, were thought to be useless: Once thought of as genetic junk, introns are bits of DNA that can activate their own removal from RNA, which translates DNA’s directions for gene behavior.  Introns then splice the RNA back together.  Scientists are just learning whether many DNA sequences previously believed to have no function actually may play specialized roles in cell behavior.   (Emphasis added.) Though the function of introns is still mysterious (see...
  • DNA left overs, new mechanism for evolution[Shapiro was right]

    07/21/2004 8:49:59 PM PDT · by AndrewC · 23 replies · 691+ views
    News-Medical.Net ^ | 16-Jul-2004 | News-Medical.Net
    DNA left overs, new mechanism for evolution Friday, 16-Jul-2004, by News-Medical   A team of researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) has discovered that transposons, small DNA sequences that travel through the genomes, can silence the genes adjacent to them by inducing a molecule called antisense RNA. This is a new mechanism for evolution that has been unknown until now. Transposons are repeated DNA sequences that move through the genomes. For a long time they have been considered as a useless part of genetic material, DNA left overs. However, it is more and more clear that transposons...
  • Jumping genes can knock out DNA; alter human genome

    08/09/2002 3:57:09 PM PDT · by forsnax5 · 1 replies · 242+ views
    Cell; University of Michigan ^ | August 9, 2002 | Sheila Lutz-Prigge and Nicolas Gilbert
    ANN ARBOR, MI - Results of a new University of Michigan study suggest that junk DNA - dismissed by many scientists as mere strings of meaningless genetic code - could have a darker side. In a paper published in the Aug. 9 issue of Cell, scientists from the U-M Medical School report that, in cultured human cancer cells, segments of junk DNA called LINE-1 elements can delete DNA when they jump to a new location - possibly knocking out genes or creating devastating mutations in the process.