Keyword: justification

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  • A Punch to the Head is Potential Deadly Force

    12/02/2014 5:41:06 AM PST · by marktwain · 19 replies
    Gun Watch ^ | 1 December, 2014 | Dean Weingarten
    If you watch television and the movies, you might get the impression that a punch to the head is no big deal.  That is not true.  A punch to the head is a very serious attack.  It can disable.   It can maim.  It can kill.  The head is a vulnerable target, which is why an attacker aims for it.  I first became aware of  the deadly potential of one punch to the head in the 1970's, from a long forgotten news story.   Later, the son of a close friend killed a man with one punch.  He was eventually found...
  • The Myth of the Unarmed Man

    11/26/2014 7:56:51 AM PST · by marktwain · 44 replies
    Policemag.com ^ | 27 October, 2014 | Jon Adler
    If you don't believe media bias plays a role in how Americans interpret use of force by law enforcement, try this simple test. Do a Google search for "police officer kills unarmed man." I did and I got 179,000 results. Searching "Police officer shoots unarmed man" returned 205,000 results. Finally, I flipped the search around and typed, "unarmed man attacks police officer." I got this message: "No results found." So does that mean no unarmed men are attacking and seriously injuring officers? Absolutely not. The National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund (NLEOMF) says 57,892 law enforcement officers are assaulted each...
  • MD: Warning Shot Cited as Evidence of Restraint in Self Defense Shooting

    11/16/2014 2:09:45 PM PST · by marktwain · 22 replies
    Gun Watch ^ | 15 November, 2014 | Dean Weingarten
    Many posters on the Internets have stated that "warning shots" would be taken as evidence that the shooter did not consider the threat to be deadly, or they would have shot center mass instead of firing the warning shot or shots.  In this case from Maryland, the prosecutor came to the opposite conclusion.From cecildaily.com: “He did everything he could have done. Maryland law says the person must first retreat if possible. He retreated as far as he could. He was backed up into a corner of his deck. He had nowhere else to go,” Rollins said. The rival kept...
  • FL: Escalation of Force: Citizens Arrest turned Deadly

    11/11/2014 7:07:10 AM PST · by marktwain · 12 replies
    Gun Watch ^ | 10 November, 2014 | Dean Weingarten
    Lawley In most states, the legislators and courts have ruled that defense of property is not sufficient justification, by itself, for the use of deadly force. This does not mean that you have to allow criminals to steal your property at will.   It means that you may not immediately use deadly force to prevent a theft, though there are exceptions.   Texas, for example, allows the use of deadly force to prevent theft on one's property at night. The way that deadly force is legally employed in the protection of property is indirect, allowed for with an escalation of force.  ...
  • Why All THings Work Together For Good...Happy Sunday Everybody

    And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.(Romans 8:28)First brothers and sisters, Listen to this- Eli Eli Eli Why do all things work together for good? Can God even make evil , trouble and sorrow work for us? Is this a promise for everyone? This is definitely not a promise for everyone; it is addressed to those “Who love God” and those “who are being called according to His purpose”. Yes God even uses evil, forcing it to conform to His purpose. The...
  • The Media’s Collective WMD Deception

    10/17/2014 12:30:54 PM PDT · by Starman417 · 8 replies
    Flopping Aces ^ | 10-17-14 | Wordsmith
    "Many people have asked how closeSaddam Hussein is to developing a nuclear weapon. Well, we don't know exactly, and that's the problem." -George W. Bush, Cincinnati, Ohio, Oct 7, 2002 In wake of ISIS possibly acquiring and using chemical weapons in Iraq, The NYTimes' C.J. Chivers came out with a piece earlier this week that has reignited debate over the issue of Iraq WMD. Chivers' article that covers old munitions and the plight of OIF soldiers exposed to chemical weapons leakage, is not exactly new news. "Nothing found" is a lie, which much of mainstream belief has embraced due to...
  • Survey shows prisoners are kinder and more trustworthy than everyone else. Or so they think

    01/10/2014 6:05:29 AM PST · by LucianOfSamasota · 7 replies
    The Telegraph ^ | January 10th, 2014 | Tim Stanley
    Who knew that thieves, murderers and rapists were such lovely people? A survey of 79 prisoners by brainy swots at the University of Southampton has found that inmates regard themselves as morally superior to the rest of the population. Or at least "kinder" and "more trustworthy". Certainly politer. "Excuse me, good sir – would you mind terribly picking up that bar of soap I just dropped on the shower floor?" The vagabonds and public nuisances were asked to rate themselves on nine character attributes: moral, kind, trustworthy, honest, dependable, compassionate, generous, self-controlled and law-abiding. Incredibly, they rated themselves as better...
  • Vatican: Passion of Our Lord Sermon ["Justified as a Gift through Faith in the Blood of Christ"]

    03/29/2013 11:10:35 AM PDT · by NYer · 4 replies
    Vatican Radio ^ | March 29, 2013 | Father Raniero Cantalamessa
    Vatican: Passion of Our Lord Sermon [Full text] (Vatican Radio) In silent procession, wearing red vestments, Pope Francis made his way down the nave of St Peter’s basilica as the sunset over the dome on Friday evening. There before the High Altar, he lay prostrate in prayer. This was the opening act of the liturgy of Our Lord’s Passion, the central commemoration of Good Friday, the memorial of Christ’s suffering and death for the salvation of mankind. Emer McCarthy reports: The Holy Father stood as three deacons, two Franciscans and a Dominican, chanted the account of the Passion according to...
  • Course on Grace: Grace Considered Extensively, Why Grace? (Catholic and Open)

    06/02/2012 9:21:56 AM PDT · by Salvation · 8 replies
    TheRealPresence.org ^ | Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.
    Course on Grace by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.CONTENTS INTRODUCTION PART ONE: GRACE CONSIDERED EXTENSIVELY I.  Why Grace? II.  What Is Grace? III.  Grace to the Angels IV.  Grace to Adam V.  Grace in the Old Testament VI.  Grace to Christ VII.  Justification in the New Testament Course on GracePart One Grace Considered Extensively by Fr. John A. Hardon, S.J.Chapter I. Why Grace? Why do we have sacraments? To give us grace. But is grace the ultimate, the “end of the line?” Is it an end in itself, a gift of God which we are simply to have, a...
  • "THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF CHRIST"

    11/04/2011 12:06:23 PM PDT · by RnMomof7 · 359 replies · 1+ views
    The Highway ^ | 11/04/2011 | Charles H. Spurgeon
    1. The precious blood of Christ has a REDEEMING POWER. It redeems from the law. We were all under the law which says, "This do, and live." We were slaves to it: Christ has paid the ransom price, and the law is no longer our tyrant master. We are entirely free from it. The law had a dreadful curse; it threatened that whosoever should violate one of its precepts, should die: "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us." By the fear of this curse, the law inflicted a continual dread on...
  • Op-Ed: Why the Schalit Decision Makes Military Sense

    10/29/2011 1:45:32 PM PDT · by Eleutheria5 · 11 replies
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 27/10/11 | Stuart A. Cohen
    ..... In essence, however, the obligations which the terms of those contracts impose on armed forces and the societies that they swear to defend have remained remarkably consistent and span religions and cultures. ..... On the other side of the coin, governments that raise and maintain armies (and with very minor exceptions, all governments have felt it necessary to do so) likewise enter into a set of parallel obligations vis-ŕ-vis their soldiers. For one thing, they undertake not to place the soldier's life at unnecessary risk by embarking on military adventures that are avoidable and/or redundant. Second, they undertake not...
  • DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION

    07/17/2011 9:33:31 PM PDT · by Cvengr · 42 replies
    Delta Report ^ | 6/27/77 | R. B. Thieme, Jr.
    A. ETYMOLOGY. 1. The noun DIKAIOSUNE means anything pertaining to the integrity of God, His righteousness or justice. When used for man it refers to imputed perfect righteousness. 2. The adjective DIKAIOS means "just," or "righteous." When used of God it refers to His integrity. When used of man it refers to his salvation adjustment to the justice of God, i.e.,"a justified one." 3. The verb DIKAIOO means: a. To be made righteous. b. To have a relationship with the integrity of God, therefore, to justify, to vindicate, Rom 3:22. 4. The phrase DIKAIOSUNE THEOU, "the righteousness of God," refers...
  • "WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE?"

    01/23/2011 11:30:29 AM PST · by Dr. Eckleburg · 241 replies
    Forest Grove Reformed Church ^ | 9-27-2010 | Rev. Judson Marvel
    Justification and Sanctification are two extremely important concepts to understand, even though they are not everyday words. But they are more than concepts; justification and sanctification help us make sense out of the world, ourselves, and God. In other words, they are not simply "up there" but very relevant to "down here." These concepts are practical. Justification is the teaching that God declares us right in Jesus Christ. Paul writes in Romans, "For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, though the...
  • Remember The Duck

    01/05/2011 8:45:35 AM PST · by Gamecock · 23 replies · 2+ views
    The Gospel Coalition ^ | 5 Jan 2010 | Tullian Tchividjian
    This story told by my friend and former professor, Steve Brown, illustrates well the radical discrepancy between the ways in which we hold other people hostage in their sin and the unconditional forgiveness that God offers to us in Christ. Do you remember the story about the little boy who killed his grandmother’s pet duck? He accidentally hit the duck with a rock from his slingshot. The boy didn’t think anybody saw the foul deed, so he buried the duck in the backyard and didn’t tell a soul. Later, the boy found out that his sister had seen it all....
  • Westminster Confession - Chap 11 - Of Justification

    12/07/2010 5:16:56 PM PST · by HarleyD · 11 replies
    Chapter XI Of Justification I. Those whom God effectually calls, He also freely justifies;[1] not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,[2] they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is...
  • "Justification: It's What Holds the Reformation Together" (Sermon on Romans 3:19-28)

    10/30/2010 9:08:56 PM PDT · by Charles Henrickson · 3 replies
    stmatthewbt.org ^ | October 31, 2010 | The Rev. Charles Henrickson
    “Justification: It’s What Holds the Reformation Together” (Romans 3:19-28)Today is Reformation Day. It was on this day 493 years ago, on October 31, 1517, that Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, thus sparking the great Reformation of the Christian church. We are the heirs of that Reformation, blessed to be so, and so we join with Lutherans all around the globe today in celebrating that historic event and all the blessings of pure doctrine and sound practice that came from it. How do we celebrate the Reformation? By believing in and...
  • The Differences between Rome (infusion) and Geneva (imputation) in Justification

    10/19/2010 6:05:21 PM PDT · by Gamecock · 461 replies
    Monergism.Com ^ | 19 October 2010 | Michael Horton
    Question: Do we really know what they (the Catholic church) believe in and why we can’t compromise the differences for the sake of unity? (Michael Horton assistant pastor at Santee United Reformed Church and professor at Westminster Seminary California on the White Horse Inn a few years ago, answers that question below: ) Answer: “In the first week of October 1997 a coalition of individual Roman Catholics and evangelical protestants issued a joint statement of their common understanding of the Christian Gospel titled The Gift of Salvation. It was an earnest attempt to state the message of salvation in language...
  • Catechism: 1987-1995 Justification is a transformation

    10/01/2010 8:45:40 PM PDT · by bibletruth · 39 replies
    2010 | bibletruth
    Justification is a transformation of the soul in which original sin is removed and sanctifying grace infused
  • We Glory in Tribulation....Romans5

    09/15/2010 2:39:07 PM PDT · by pastorbillrandles
    Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience; (Romans 5:1-3) Romans 5 is a chapter all about the assurance of salvation. Because of our justification, through the death and resurrection of Jesus, we now have peace with God. Our conscience has been informed that something effective has been done to reconcile us to God, our sins...
  • David's Blessedness...Romans 4

    Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.(Romans 4:6-8) Paul has called two witnesses to the stand to testify that God justifies the ungodly, and that this gift of righteousness can only be by faith in the undeserved favor of God. Abraham and King David are both testimony to this blessed fact. Abraham, the father of true, saving faith, was an idolater before he became a believer. God...
  • Jesus' Perspective on Sola Fide

    07/09/2010 9:42:28 AM PDT · by Frumanchu · 19 replies
    Jesus' Perspective on Sola Fida by John MacArthur Many who have embraced "the New Perspective on Paul" are also proposing a different slant on the doctrine of justification by faith. When the text of Scripture is interpreted in the new light, they say, Pauline support for the principle of sola fide [faith alone], the doctrine of imputation, and the distinction between law and gospel doesn't seem quite so strong. We say that's nonsense. We reject the historical and hermeneutical revisionism of the New Perspective, but regardless of how one interprets the apostle Paul, it is quite clear that Jesus...
  • The Test of Discipleship

    03/10/2010 2:19:00 PM PST · by hope_dies_last · 136+ views
    "We do not earn salvation by our obedience; for salvation is the free gift of God, to be received by faith. But obedience is the fruit of faith. "Ye know that He was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin. Whosoever abideth in Him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen Him, neither known Him." 1 John 3:5, 6. Here is the true test. If we abide in Christ, if the love of God dwells in us, our feelings, our thoughts, our purposes, our actions, will be in harmony with the will of God as...
  • Roman Catholic Asks "Do Protestants Believe That True faith = Faith+Works?"

    11/07/2009 2:07:36 AM PST · by Gamecock · 401 replies · 3,434+ views
    Monergism.com ^ | John Hendryx
    Roman Catholic Asks "Do Protestants Believe That True faith = Faith + Works?" John Hendryx Answers Roman Catholic I was recently in an online discussion with a Roman Catholic who made the following assertions: Ultimately, it makes no difference whether you hold that faith + works = justification or faith = justification + works In either case there is no justification apart from good works. According to the reformed view, if you don't have good works, then you don't have the right kind of faith. In other words, according to reformed theology, the equation would be true faith =...
  • The Eternal Weight And Importance Of Justification by Faith

    11/01/2009 8:50:15 AM PST · by Gamecock · 13 replies · 311+ views
    Camp on this ^ | October 23, 2009 | Steve Camp
    Full Title: The Eternal Weight And Importance Of Justification by Faith...The Uncompromised Preaching Of The Reformation "What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. For what does the Scripture say? “ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD, AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS.” Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due. But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly,...
  • Catholics, Lutherans and Methodists to Mark 10th Anniversary of Justification Declaration

    10/31/2009 8:38:45 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 16 replies · 447+ views
    Christian Post ^ | 10/31/2009 | Joshua Goldberg
    Several commemorative events will be held in Augsburg, Germany, over the next two days to celebrate the signing of a landmark ecumenical agreement ten years ago between representatives of the the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and the Roman Catholic Church. It was on Oct. 31, 1999, that the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (JDDJ), considered one of the most significant agreements since the Reformation, was signed by church officials from the Vatican and the Lutheran World Federation, which claims to represent 66.7 million of the world's 70.2 million Lutherans. Members of the World Methodist Council later adopted the...
  • John Calvin: Antidote to the Sixth Session of the Council of Trent

    10/25/2009 9:25:19 AM PDT · by Gamecock · 19 replies · 470+ views
    Full title: John Calvin: Antidote to the Sixth Session of the Council of Trenton the Doctrine of Justification (1547) Justification would be easily explained, did not the false opinions by which the minds of men are preoccupied, spread darkness over the clear light. The principal cause of obscurity, however, is, that we are with the greatest difficulty induced to leave the glory of righteousness entire to God alone. For we always desire to be somewhat, and such is our folly, we even think we are. As this pride was innate in man from the first, so it opened a door...
  • The Lutheran Constellation

    10/10/2009 8:45:39 PM PDT · by lightman · 8 replies · 464+ views
    Lutheran Forum ^ | 22 September AD 2009 | Bp. James F. Mauney
    The Lutheran Constellation by Bp. James F. Mauney — September 22, 2009 There has been a full moon in the sky these past days, which has made it a bit more difficult to notice the vast array of stars in the heavens. I remember as a Boy Scout learning the patterns and stories of the different constellations. Some were constellations with all large, bright stars. Some constellations had several strong, bright stars, and several lesser, faint lights, but the point was that they gathered in a cluster that made them a unique presence in the firmament of God. For instance,...
  • Catholic, Lutheran and Methodist leaders to mark 10th anniv of Joint Declaration on Justification

    09/30/2009 3:35:28 PM PDT · by NYer · 7 replies · 547+ views
    cna ^ | September 30, 2009
    Cardinal Francis George / Bishop Mark Hanson Washington D.C., Sep 30, 2009 / 02:49 am (CNA).- Catholic, Lutheran and Methodist church leaders will mark the tenth anniversary of a joint agreement on the Doctrine of Justification in a meeting in downtown Chicago on Thursday. A service including Evening Prayer and tributes to the joint declaration will be held at Old St. Patrick’s Church, a press release from the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) reports.The Vatican and the Lutheran World Federation signed the Joint Declaration on October 31, 1999. It was the product of nearly 35 years of Lutheran-Catholic...
  • Setting the Record Straight [Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification]

    07/27/2009 1:31:29 PM PDT · by bdeaner · 17 replies · 525+ views
    Catholic Culture ^ | 12/99 | James Akin
    On October 31, 1999, the Catholic Church and the Lutheran World Federation signed a historic document known as the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification (JD). This document, the fruit of almost thirty years of ecumenical dialogue, without a doubt will be widely misinterpreted in the secular and religious press. This article is intended to help the reader understand the most important things that the document does and does not say, so that he may better sift through the inevitable misrepresentations. How We Got Where We Are For many years after the Reformation, Protestants and Catholics frequently portrayed the...
  • The Basic Catholic Doctrine of Justification by Faith

    07/26/2009 7:35:42 PM PDT · by bdeaner · 8 replies · 723+ views
    Present Truth Magazine ^ | 7/26/09 | Present Truth Magazine
    Questionnaire: Are you Catholic or Protestant? Before reading the following essay on justification by faith..., we invite you to answer 10 questions. They are simple questions about justification by faith. In surveys to date, this questionnaire has demonstrated the startling fact that a very large proportion of Protestants are more Catholic than Protestant in their concept of justification. Please record your answers to the 10 questions. In each of the following 10 choices, mark either (a) or (b), whichever is correct. 1 (a) God gives a man right standing with Himself by mercifully accounting him innocent and virtuous. (b) God...
  • Luther vs. Rome

    06/19/2009 10:03:34 PM PDT · by dangus · 303 replies · 3,873+ views
    Praise God, that we are saved by grace alone. Works without faith are utterly without merit. This is not merely a Protestant notion. Such has been the persistent teaching of the saints throughout the ages. Yet a whitewashing of Martin Luther has led to many people, even Catholics, fundamentally misunderstanding the Catholic Church's criticism of him. Please understand that what I write here is no ad-hominem attack on Luther for any purpose, including the slander of Protestantism. Attacking the moral character of Martin Luther is gainless, for no-one supposes Luther to be imbued with the gift of infallibility. But when...
  • Augustine on the New Life in Christ

    12/30/2008 8:53:39 PM PST · by topcat54 · 6 replies · 363+ views
    Monergism.com ^ | Dr. N.R. Needham
    Richard was a fairly recent convert to the Augustinian understanding of grace. One Sunday, he visited a church where the preacher seemed to go out of his way to show the congregation how utterly dependent on God they were for their spiritual life. There can be no self-reliance, he declared, no looking to ourselves; all goodness, all holiness flow from God to us. Why, even the very faith by which we believe and trust in God is itself His gift to sinners! ‘This is good,’ Richard thought. ‘The man has clearly grasped the sovereignty of grace in salvation. Augustine would...
  • The Pope Clarified Luther's "Idea of Justification"?

    11/27/2008 6:44:29 AM PST · by Ottofire · 15 replies · 514+ views
    Alpha and Omega Ministries ^ | 11/24/08 | James Swan
    The Pope Clarified Luther's "Idea of Justification"?11/24/2008 - James Swan    A few people sent me this link, Pope Clarifies Luther's Idea of Justification (Says It's True, if Faith Is Not Opposed to Love). It's a review of statements made by the Pope on November 18, 2008. This means we're reading what someone heard Pope Benedict XVI say, rather than reading an entire context of exactly what was stated. I mention this because as I read through the link, I was left with more questions about exactly what the Pope meant than definitive papal statements of clarification on either justification or...
  • Does Purgatory Deny the Sufficiency of Christ's Sacrifice?

    10/30/2008 1:09:05 PM PDT · by Gamecock · 191 replies · 3,170+ views
    According to the Handbook for Today's Catholic, page 47, "If you die in the love of God but possess any stains of sin, such stains are cleansed away in a purifying process called purgatory. These stains of sin are primarily the temporal punishment due to venial or mortal sins already forgiven but for which sufficient penance was not done during your lifetime."The Catholic Catechism, paragraph 1030, says that purgatory is for "All who die in God's grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation, but after death they undergo purification, so as to achieve...
  • Solus Christus and the Pastor

    10/25/2008 11:18:03 AM PDT · by Gamecock · 4 replies · 146+ views
    Issues etc ^ | Rod Rosenbladt
    We are now in a position to talk about the church's ministry, that is, the office of the pastor. It is the call of the pastor to preach from the text of the Bible God's Law and God's Gospel and to administer baptism and the Lord's Supper according to the command of Christ. This is the center of what a Reformation pastor is called to do in a congregation. It is a call to do solus Christus before the local flock, Sunday after Sunday, month after month, year after year. After hammering out the sinfulness of all persons, including Christians,...
  • Faith, Works, and the Apparent Controversy of Paul and James

    08/03/2008 5:10:51 AM PDT · by Gamecock · 8 replies · 108+ views
    Biblical Theology.com ^ | 2000 | J.W. Carter
    Abstract: There are probably few students of the scriptures who are not familiar with the controversy surrounding the definitions of faith that are sometimes gleaned from the writings of Paul and James. Some feel that James presents a doctrine of justification based upon works; a position that contradicts Paul’s doctrine of justification based upon faith. "This apparent contradiction to the teaching of the apostle Paul has caused much consternation among some theologians. For example, Martin Luther referred to the book [of James] as ‘an epistle of straw’ when compared with Paul’s writings." This article will defend the position that...
  • Justification: Still the Radical Truth

    08/03/2008 4:58:30 AM PDT · by Gamecock · 5 replies · 80+ views
    Justification by faith defies all attempts to domesticate and modify it.   Many of us are familiar with the inspiring story of the audacious German monk, Martin Luther, nailing his Ninety-Five Theses to the church door in Wittenberg on October 31, 1517. Lots of us know that one of his great concerns was the doctrine of justification by faith alone. And some of us know that this doctrine has been a hallmark of faithful evangelical preaching ever since. But we may have never appreciated exactly how radical this truth is.  Preparing to Hear a Radical TruthJustification by faith is one of the...
  • Are We Justified By Faith Alone? What Still Divides Us.... (Ecumenical)

    07/03/2008 10:41:56 PM PDT · by Gamecock · 31 replies · 589+ views
    Grace Online ^ | Michael Horton
    Above title edited due to space constraints. Full title is: Are We Justified By Faith Alone? - What Still Divides Us: A Protestant & Roman Catholic Debate Referring to the schism of the 14th and 15th centuries, one scholar observes, 'For nearly half a century, the Church was split into two or three obediences that excommunicated one another, so that every Catholic lived under excommunication by one pope or another, and, in the last analysis, no one could say with certainty which of the contenders had right on his side. The Church no longer offered certainty of salvation; she had...
  • JUSTIFICATION IN CATHOLIC TEACHING

    05/23/2008 8:39:53 AM PDT · by annalex · 122 replies · 497+ views
    EWTN ^ | 4/1/1996 | James Akin
    JUSTIFICATION IN CATHOLIC TEACHING James Akin [Note: To understand the Biblical basis of some of the concepts in this paper, such as the fact that salvation is a process, see the paper "Salvation Past, Present, and Future."] The key document giving the Church's teaching on this subject is known as the Decree On Justification from the Council of Trent (1545-1564). This document contains a set of sixteen short, paragraph-long "chapters," followed by a series of canons excommunicating the teachers of false views.The first two chapters deal with fallen man's need for justification and the provision that God has made...
  • The War's Expiration Date

    04/05/2008 1:49:31 PM PDT · by The_Republican · 12 replies · 95+ views
    Washington Post ^ | April 5th, 2008 | Bruce Ackerman and Oona Hathaway
    The first has long since lapsed. It permitted the president to "defend the national security of the United States against the continuing threat posed by Iraq." This threat came to an end with the destruction of Saddam Hussein's government. Instead, U.S. military intervention is authorized under the second prong of the 2002 resolution. This authorizes the president to "enforce all relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions regarding Iraq." This has allowed the Bush administration to satisfy American law by obtaining a series of resolutions authorizing the United States to serve as the head of the multinational force in Iraq. But...
  • Justification: Through Faith alone?

    03/14/2008 10:02:39 AM PDT · by ChurtleDawg · 175 replies · 1,154+ views
    3-14-08 | me
    I have seen many discussions on the theology of Justification and Salvation. Many Protestants, in particular, tend to believe that the soul can be saved through Faith alone, Sola fide, and doing good works plays no part is Salvation. This is reinforced in particular by the books of the New Testament like Romans and Galatians. Other denominations, such as those in the Catholic, Orthodox, and Restorationist Churches think that one must both be Faithful and do good works. This is supported in particular by the Epistle of James. here is a list of quotes supporting and opposing the Sola fide...
  • Justification: declarative or transformative?

    03/13/2007 10:22:50 AM PDT · by NYer · 4 replies · 154+ views
    Pontifications ^ | March 13, 2007 | Fr Alvin Kimel
    Gerald Hiestand has just published a two-part article on justication (part 1 and part 2). Hiestand seeks to defend St Augustine’s reading of St Paul on the question of effective justification. He concludes: Thus ontological renewal is not ancillary to justification, but is in fact an essential (pun intended) element of justification. For Paul, the executive nature of justification does not look only to the resurrection of the body and the final reward of eternal life. We do not need to wait until we die to be “rewarded as righteous.” Paul very much views the present spiritual regeneration afforded through...
  • JUSTIFICATION: "BY FAITH ALONE"?

    02/14/2007 3:37:46 PM PST · by Titanites · 52 replies · 1,305+ views
    Many Protestants today realize that Catholics adhere to two of the important "solas" related to salvation sola gratia (by grace alone) and solo Christo (by Christ alone) but fewer are aware that Catholics can also accept the formula of justification sola fide (by faith alone), provided this phrase is properly understood. The term pistis is used in the Bible in a number of different senses, ranging from intellectual belief (Romans 14:22, 23, James 2:19), to assurance (Acts 17:31), and even to trustworthiness or reliability (Romans 3:3, Titus 2:10). Of key importance is Galatians 5:6, which refers to faith working...
  • The Early Church Fathers on Justification - Catholic/Orthodox Caucus

    02/14/2007 2:14:45 PM PST · by NYer · 43 replies · 1,266+ views
    The Early Church Fathers believed we are justified by faith and works. The works in question are not accomplished by the goodness of the individual, but by the grace of God. Clement of Rome Let us therefore join with those to whom grace is given by God. Let us clothe ourselves in concord, being humble and self- controlled, keeping ourselves far from all backbiting and slander, being justified by works and not by words. . . . Why was our Father Abraham blessed? Was it not because of his deeds of justice and truth, wrought in faith? . . ....
  • Justification by Faith

    02/01/2007 6:29:13 PM PST · by AlbionGirl · 12 replies · 285+ views
    Desiring God ^ | August 12, 2002 | John Piper
    The Remedy for Paralyzed Sinners, Fallen Saints, and Provincial Christians God did his most deadly work to destroy hopelessness and futility and provincial cowardice. He gave up his Son to torture and death. A perfect life, a perfect death, and the decisive work was done. But there are millions who are numb to hope because of the God-belittling things they have done and how ugly they have become. They don’t lift lofty arguments against God’s Truth; they shrug and feel irretrievably outside. They don’t defy God consciously; they default to cake and television. Except for the periodic rush of sex...
  • Theology For Everyman, Assurance: How We Know That We Know Christ

    01/19/2007 11:33:38 AM PST · by Gamecock · 2 replies · 164+ views
    The Highway ^ | 1966 | John H. Gerstner
    UP TO THIS POINT our interest has been in coming to Christ. We have considered our lost condition by nature, our need of a Saviour, and Christ’s remarkable qualifications for that role, and the way by which we are persuaded of it. But now we address ourselves to the question of how we know that we have truly come to Christ, or how we know that we truly know Christ. Conceivably a person could come to Christ without being certain that he is actually united to him. Presumably, a person could think that he had come to Christ without really...
  • Questions on Justification (five questions regarding justification and the Bible)

    01/01/2007 11:05:13 AM PST · by NYer · 2 replies · 331+ views
    Pontifications ^ | December 30, 2006 | Fr Alvin Kimel
    The Rev. Laurence Wells, rector of St Michael and All Angels Anglican Church in Orange Park, Florida, and a subscriber to the definition of justification promulgated by the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals, has asked me to to respond to five questions regarding justification and the Bible. I am reluctant to do so, as I am not a biblical scholar and therefore am forced to rely almost exclusively upon the commentators I have at hand. In the end we can only find ourselves matching scholar for scholar. “I’ll see your R. C. Sproul and raise you N. T. Wright.” I am...
  • The Active Obedience of Christ - No Hope Without It! [Machen}

    12/01/2006 11:52:48 AM PST · by Gamecock · 1 replies · 107+ views
    Reformation Theology ^ | 29 November 2006 | John Samson
    "...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6) Shortly before he died (January 1, 1937), Dr. J. Gresham Machen sent a final telegram to his friend Professor John Murray. The words of the telegram were these: "I'm so...
  • Rangel's point (Double bag barf alert)

    11/24/2006 1:04:59 AM PST · by Zakeet · 102 replies · 1,340+ views
    Pittsburgh Tribune-Review ^ | November 24, 2006 | Oren M. Spiegler
    Although his proposal will not garner the support of this president or a majority of the members of Congress, Democrat Charles Rangel makes a superb point through his continuing push to reinstate the draft. Rangel argues persuasively that if there had been a draft in place in 2003, the administration would not have given any consideration to an occupation of Iraq based upon the flimsy evidence that was used to get us into this war, fearing that the children of prominent political figures might be required to go to war. The president and those in Congress who have consistently supported...
  • This Man Went Down to His House Justified

    08/08/2006 11:41:45 AM PDT · by sola gracia · 6 replies · 200+ views
    Desiring God ^ | 08/06/06 | John Piper
    This Man Went Down to His House Justified August 6, 2006Luke 18:9-14 He also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and treated others with contempt: 10 “Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I get.’ 13 But the tax collector, standing far...