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Keyword: madison

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  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 22nd 1787

    08/22/2011 2:42:05 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 4 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VII Section 4. Slavery. Memorable Mason Speech. Navigation Acts. Second Grand Committee Report. Bills of Attainder. Ex Post Facto. Judicial Review. Old Engagements & Debt. In Convention. Art VII sect 4. [FN1], [FN2] resumed. Mr. SHERMAN was for leaving the clause as it stands. He disapproved of the slave trade; yet as the States were now possessed of the right to import slaves, as the public good did not require it to be taken from them, & as it was expedient to have as few objections as possible to the proposed scheme of Government, he thought it best to...
  • Learning Today From James Madison's Last Official Act As President: The Bonus Bill Veto Message

    08/22/2011 1:48:24 AM PDT · by stevelackner · 6 replies
    STEVELACKNER.COM ^ | August 22, 2011 | Steven W. Lackner
    Speaker of the House Henry Clay and Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman John C. Calhoun pushed legislation known as the Bonus Bill through the House of Representatives. On December 23, 1816 Calhoun introduced the bill to set apart funds for "internal improvements," spending money on roads, canals, or what today would be commonly referred to as infrastructure. The bill had set apart and pledged federal funds "for constructing roads and canals, and improving the navigation of water courses, in order to facilitate, promote, and give security to internal commerce among the several States, and to render more easy and less expensive...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 21st 1787

    08/21/2011 3:30:49 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 6 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Grand Committee Report. State Debt & Militias. Article VII Sections 3 & 4. Reconcile Old Requisitions. Article VI Section 12, Origination of Bills and Money Bills. More Commerce Clause. Taxation of Exports. Necessary and Proper Insight. Slave Import Tax. In Convention. Governour LIVINGSTON from the Committee of Eleven to whom was referred the propositions respecting the debts of the several States and also the Militia entered on the 18th. inst: delivered the following report: "The Legislature of the U. S. shall have power to fulfil the engagements which have been entered into by Congress, and to discharge as well the...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 20th 1787

    08/20/2011 5:46:56 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 3 replies · 1+ views
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VII Section 1 Clause 18. Article VII Sections 2 & 3. Pinckney and Morris Amendments. Council of Revision. Council of State. Sumptuary Laws. Necessary & Proper. Treason. What is Direct Taxation? In Convention. Mr. PINKNEY submitted to the House, in order to be referred to the Committee of detail, the following propositions- "Each House shall be the Judge of its own privileges, and shall have authority to punish by imprisonment every person violating the same; or who, in the place where the Legislature may be sitting and during the time of its Session, shall threaten any of its members...
  • Dead bats at Madison airport extend rabies worries

    08/18/2011 5:33:48 AM PDT · by WOBBLY BOB · 4 replies
    pioneer press ^ | 8-17-11 | Dinesh Ramde
    Federal health officials don't know yet whether a bat that made its way onto a jet earlier this month had rabies, but new reports of dead bats at the Wisconsin airport where the flight originated have added another level of caution. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the dead bats at the Madison airport raise concerns because bats usually don't die in open areas unless they are sick or injured. Baggage handlers reported the bats to investigators after hearing that the Aug. 5 Delta Flight 5121 had reported a live bat on the plane. There was a concern...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 18th 1787

    08/18/2011 1:56:57 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 15 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VII Section 1 Clauses 15-17. More Enumerated Powers. Seat of Government. Forts & Magazines. Regulate the Militia. Perpetual Taxes. Assumption of State Debt. Raise Armies. Maintain a Navy. More Militia. In Convention. Mr. MADISON submitted in order to be referred to the Committee of detail the following powers as proper to be added to those of the General Legislature "To dispose of the unappropriated lands of the U. States" "To institute temporary Governments for New States arising therein" "To regulate affairs with the Indians as well within as without the limits of the U. States "To exercise exclusively Legislative...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 17th 1787

    08/17/2011 2:32:53 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 3 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VII Section 1 Clauses 9-14. Enumerated Powers. Inferior Tribunals. Piracy and Punishments. Rebellions. Militia. War. In Convention. Art VII. Sect. 1. [FN1], [FN2] resumed. on the clause "to appoint [FN3] Treasurer by ballot." Mr. GHORUM moved to insert "joint" before ballot, as more convenient as well as reasonable, than to require the separate concurrence of the Senate. Mr. PINKNEY 2ds. the motion. Mr. SHERMAN opposed it as favoring the larger States. Mr. READ moved to strike out the clause, leaving the appointment of the Treasurer as of other officers to the Executive. The Legislature was an improper body for...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 16th 1787

    08/16/2011 2:44:44 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 4 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Enumerated Powers. Article VII Section 1 Clauses 1-8. Export Taxes. Direct Taxes. Commerce, Coins, Naturalization, Weights & Measures, Post Offices. Paper Money. Mark of the Beast. In Convention. Mr. RANDOLPH having thrown into a new form the motion, putting votes, Resolutions &c. on a footing with Bills, renewed it as follows "Every order resolution or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate & House of Reps. may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment and in the cases hereinafter mentioned) shall be presented to the President for his revision; and before the same shall have force shall be...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 15th 1787

    08/15/2011 3:03:37 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 6 replies
    Avalon Source ^ | James Madison
    Article VI Sections 11-13. Money Bills Part III. Treaties. Council of Revision. Absolute v. Conditional Executive Veto. In Convention. Art: VI. Sect. 11. [FN1], [FN2] Agreed to nem. con. Art: VI Sect. 12. [FN1], [FN3] taken up. Mr. STRONG moved to amend the article so as to read-"Each House shall possess the right of originating all bills, except bills for raising money for the purposes of revenue, or for appropriating the same and for fixing the salaries of the officers of the Govt. which shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 14th 1787

    08/14/2011 3:30:10 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 7 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VI Sections 9-10. Office Holders & Corruption. Mercer & Aristocratic Property. A Junta. Confidence is the Road to Tyranny. Military Officers. Janissaries. Congressional Salaries. In Convention. Article VI. Sect. 9. [FN1], [FN2] taken up. Mr. PINCKNEY argued that the making the members ineligible to offices was degrading to them, and the more improper as their election into the Legislature implied that they had the confidence of the people; that it was inconvenient, because the Senate might be supposed to contain the fittest men. He hoped to see that body become a School of public Ministers, a nursery of Statesmen:...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 13th 1787

    08/13/2011 2:51:18 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 5 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article IV Sections 2 & 5 Redux. Seven v. Three Years. Privileges & Immunities. Money Bills. Mason Speech. Evils in Republics. More Money. Dickenson Speech. In Convention. Art. IV. Sect. 2 [FN1], [FN2] reconsidered- Mr. WILSON & Mr. RANDOLPH moved to strike out "7 years" and insert "4 years," as the requisite term of Citizenship to qualify for the House of Reps. Mr. Wilson said it was very proper the electors should govern themselves by this consideration; but unnecessary & improper that the Constitution should chain them down to it. Mr. GERRY wished that in future the eligibility might be...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 11th 1787

    08/11/2011 2:56:56 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 4 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VI Sections 7- 8. Journal. NYC. Capital of US. Money Bills. In Convention. Mr. MADISON & Mr. RUTLIDGE moved "that each House shall keep a journal of its proceeding, [FN1] & shall publish the same from time to time; except such part of the proceedings of the Senate, when acting not in its Legislative capacity as may be judged by that House to require secrecy." Mr. MERCER. This implies that other powers than legislative will be given to the Senate which he hoped would not be given. Mr. Madison & Mr. R's motion. was disagd. to by all the...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 10th 1787

    08/10/2011 2:34:14 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 7 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article VI Sections 1- 7. Property Qualifications. The $100,000 President. Rich Rogues. Quorums. Compel Attendance. Free Speech. Expulsion. Journal. In Convention. Art. VI. Sect. 2. [FN1], [FN2] taken up. Mr. PINKNEY. The Committee as he had conceived were instructed to report the proper qualifications of property for the members of the Natl. Legislature; instead of which they have referred the task to the Natl. Legislature itself. Should it be left on this footing, the first Legislature will meet without any particular qualifications of property: and if it should happen to consist of rich men they might fix such such qualifications...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 9th 1787

    08/09/2011 2:44:28 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 6 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article IV Sections 6-7. Article V. Article VI Section 1. Senate Vacancies. More Money Bills and Senate Suffrage. Immigration & Citizenship. Times, Places and Manners. In Convention. Art: IV. Sect. 6. [FN1], [FN2] Mr. RANDOLPH expressed his dissatisfaction at the disagreement yesterday to Sect. 5. concerning money bills, as endangering the success of the plan, and extremely objectionable in itself; and gave notice that he should move for a reconsideration of the vote. Mr. WILLIAMSON said he had formed a like intention. Mr. WILSON, gave notice that he shd. move to reconsider the vote, requiring seven instead of three years...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 8th 1787

    08/08/2011 2:29:00 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 5 replies · 1+ views
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Article IV Sections 1-5. Resident or Inhabitant. Representation in First House. King Speech on Slaves, Taxes, and Exports. Forty Thousand. Why Worry? Morris & Accursed Slavery. In Convention. Art: IV. Sect. I. [FN1], [FN2] -Mr. MERCER expressed his dislike of the whole plan, and his opinion that it never could succeed. Mr. GHORUM. he had never seen any inconveniency [FN3] from allowing such as were not freeholders to vote, though it had long been tried. The elections in Phila. N. York & Boston where the Merchants, & Mechanics vote are at least as good as those made by freeholders only....
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 7th 1787

    08/07/2011 3:24:17 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 4 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Report of the Committee of Detail, Preamble Through Article IV Section 1. Presidential Election by Joint or Separate Sessions of Congress? Annual Sessions. Legislating Too Much. Inquisitorial Powers. Travel Weather. Broad Legislative Powers? Freeholders. Voting Franchise. Dickinson & Morris on Suffrage. Taxation and Representation. Madison’s Prediction. Franklin Speech. American v. British Sailors. In Convention. The Report of the Committee of detail being taken up, Mr. PINKNEY moved that it be referred to a Committee of the whole. This was strongly opposed by Mr. GHORUM & several others, as likely to produce unnecessary delay; and was negatived. Delaware Maryd & Virga...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention August 6th 1787

    08/06/2011 3:39:53 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 2 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    First Draft of Constitution. In Convention. Mr. John Francis Mercer from Maryland took his seat. Mr. RUTLIDGE delivered in the Report of the Committee of detail as follows: a printed copy being at the same time furnished to each member: "We the people of the States of New Hampshire, Massachussetts, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, do ordain, declare, and establish the following Constitution for the Government of Ourselves and our Posterity. ARTICLE I The stile of the Government shall be, "The United States of America" II The Government shall consist...
  • Federalist Papers Identified How Democrats Would Destroy Us

    07/29/2011 5:24:35 PM PDT · by Schatze · 78 replies ^ | Warner Todd Huston
    Our fourth president, James Madison, has been called the father of the Constitution for considerable reasons. He was highly educated, widely read, and well regarded. Ever the prescient student of history, Madison was able to describe in February 1788 the precise reasons why his beloved republic would fare so badly 223 years later in 2011. In Federalist No. 62—his explanation of the Senate—we find an amazingly clear prediction of how badly Washington, D.C., has gone off track. Madison understood that democratic governments like our own often suffer from the malady of unfaithful elected officials. “It is a misfortune [sic] incident...
  • Federal Convention Committee of Detail July 27th to August 6th 1787

    07/27/2011 2:27:02 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 3 replies
    Various | Various
    The Convention adjourned yesterday in order for the Committee of Detail to smooth the resolutions passed to date. Members will reconvene on August 6th. Experienced Constitution writers and legal theorists composed the Committee. There were two Northerners, Nathaniel Gorham & Judge Oliver Ellsworth, two Southerners in Governor Edmund Randolph and former Governor John Rutlidge and a Middle Statesman in the Scots born James Wilson. All were of the Nationalist bent; no small state advocates like Luther Martin or William Paterson were there. Very little is known of the proceedings of the committee. George Mason’s great granddaughter found some of the...
  • Journal of the Federal Convention July 26th 1787

    07/26/2011 2:56:53 AM PDT · by Jacquerie · 3 replies
    Avalon Project ^ | James Madison
    Seven Ways to Elect an Executive. Term Limits. Property Requirements. Appointment by National Legislature to Single Seven Year Term. Virtuous Voters. Landed Debt. Seat of Government. Resolutions Submitted to Committee of Detail. In Convention. Col. [FN1] MASON. In every Stage of the Question relative to the Executive, the difficulty of the subject and the diversity of the opinions concerning it have appeared. Nor have any of the modes of constituting that department been satisfactory. 1. [FN2] It has been proposed that the election should be made by the people at large; that is that an act which ought to be...