Keyword: mesopotamia

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  • Indus Valley civilisation may pre-date Egypt's pharoahs: Ancient society is 2,500 years older [tr]

    06/02/2016 6:41:38 AM PDT · by C19fan · 34 replies
    UK Daily Mail ^ | June 2, 2016 | Sarah Griffiths
    With its impressive pyramids and complex rules, Ancient Egypt may seem to many the epitome of an advanced early civilisation. But new evidence suggests the Indus Valley Civilisation in India and Pakistan, famed for its well-planned cities and impressive crafts, predates Egypt and Mesopotamia. Already considered one of the oldest civilisations in the world, experts now believe it is 8,000 years old - 2,500 years older than previously thought.
  • Climate change rocked cradles of civilisation

    09/07/2006 5:24:26 AM PDT · by Pharmboy · 55 replies · 945+ views
    University of East Anglia ^ | 7-Sep-2006 | Simon Dunford
    Severe climate change was the primary driver in the development of civilisation, according to new research by the University of East Anglia. The early civilisations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China and northern South America were founded between 6000 and 4000 years ago when global climate changes, driven by natural fluctuations in the Earth's orbit, caused a weakening of monsoon systems resulting in increasingly arid conditions. These first large urban, state-level societies emerged because diminishing resources forced previously transient people into close proximity in areas where water, pasture and productive land was still available. In a presentation to the BA...
  • The Islamic State’s Retro Map

    01/17/2016 9:06:40 PM PST · by Lorianne · 4 replies
    American Conservative, the ^ | 13 January 2016 | Philip Jenkins
    National borders are being superseded by the ancient battleground of al-Jazira. ___ Policymakers and media people—as well as anyone interested in the Middle East, Islam, terrorism, and related issues—need to be talking about al-Jazira. I am not talking here about the Qatar-based media operation that we usually call al-Jazeera. Rather, I am referring to those regions of Eastern Syria and Northern Iraq that have been in the news so much recently because they are the main stamping grounds of ISIL, and the core of the Islamic State, the Daesh. This is not just a question of applying a handy geographical...
  • Ancient City Discovered Beneath Biblical-Era Ruins in Israel

    11/18/2013 6:48:04 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 22 replies ^ | November 16, 2013 10:43am ET | Tia Ghose,
    The ancient city of Gezer has been an important site since the Bronze Age, because it sat along the Way of the Sea, or the Via Maris, an ancient trade route that connected Egypt, Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia. The city was ruled over many centuries by Canaanites, Egyptians and Assyrians, and Biblical accounts from roughly the 10th century describe an Egyptian pharaoh giving the city to King Solomon as a wedding gift after marrying his daughter. .... The site has been excavated for a century, and most of the excavations so far date to the the 10th through eighth centuries...
  • The men who uncovered Assyria

    03/23/2015 7:27:08 PM PDT · by Lorianne · 5 replies
    BBC ^ | 22 March 2015 | Daniel Silas Adamson
    Two of the ancient cities now being destroyed by Islamic State lay buried for 2,500 years, it was only 170 years ago that they began to be dug up and stripped of their treasures. The excavations arguably paved the way for IS to smash what remained - but also ensured that some of the riches of a lost civilisation were saved. In 1872, in a backroom of the British Museum, a man called George Smith spent the darkening days of November bent over a broken clay tablet. It was one of thousands of fragments from recent excavations in northern Iraq,...
  • The men who uncovered Assyria

    03/23/2015 11:38:23 AM PDT · by the scotsman · 9 replies
    BBC Magazine ^ | 23rd March 2015 | Daniel Silas Adamson
    'Two of the ancient cities now being destroyed by Islamic State lay buried for 2,500 years, it was only 170 years ago that they began to be dug up and stripped of their treasures. The excavations arguably paved the way for IS to smash what remained - but also ensured that some of the riches of a lost civilisation were saved. In 1872, in a backroom of the British Museum, a man called George Smith spent the darkening days of November bent over a broken clay tablet. It was one of thousands of fragments from recent excavations in northern Iraq,...
  • 'Ancient' boat expedition hits trouble

    09/09/2005 8:28:22 AM PDT · by CarrotAndStick · 26 replies · 1,179+ views
    The Sydney Morning Herald ^ | September 8, 2005 - 5:25PM | SMH
    A bid by an Australian archaeologist and other sailors to recreate an ancient voyage in a traditional reed boat has struck trouble in the Arabian Sea. Nautical archaeologist Dr Tom Vosmer and seven other sailors had set off from Oman for a two-week voyage in the Magan, a 12-metre-long sailing boat made of reeds, rope and wood, but capsized within hours. "Water leaked into the Magan causing it to capsize, but a support ship from the Omani royal navy accompanying the boat intervened and rescued the sailors," a source from Oman's culture and national heritage ministry which organised the trip...
  • Pakistan: Muslims destroy Hindu temple

    01/12/2015 10:29:57 AM PST · by george76 · 19 replies
    Jihad Watch ^ | December 3, 2012 | Robert Spencer
    Every month there is an incident, like taking property of Hindu people or forced conversion of Hindu girls. ... Minority Hindus have complained of increasing harassment and discrimination in Muslim-dominated Pakistan in recent years, including the destruction or desecration of their places of worship. ... Hindus complain that girls are forcibly converted to Islam, there is no legal recognition for Hindu marriages, and Hindus are discriminated against when it comes to access to government jobs or schooling. ... During partition in 1947, the violent separation of Pakistan and India into separate countries, hundreds of thousands of Hindus decided to migrate...
  • Three cheers for the onion

    01/04/2015 1:26:00 AM PST · by moose07 · 73 replies
    BBC ^ | 4 January 2015 | BBC
    Onions are eaten and grown in more countries than any other vegetable but rarely seem to receive much acclaim. It's time to stop taking the tangy, tear-inducing bulb for granted and give it a round of applause, writes the BBC's Marek Pruszewicz. Deep in the archives of Yale University's Babylonian Collection lie three small clay tablets with a particular claim to fame - they are the oldest known cookery books. Covered in minute cuneiform writing, they did not give-up their secrets until 1985, nearly 4,000 years after they were written. The French Assyriologist and gourmet cook Jean Bottero - a...
  • Ancient 'moon god' monument unearthed in Israel

    09/17/2014 11:02:24 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 47 replies ^ | 12:55PM BST 17 Sep 2014 | By Inna Lazareva, Tel Aviv
    A structure once believed to form part of an ancient town is identified as a 5,000 year old monument believed to have been used to honour the Mesopotamian moon god 'Sin' A stone monument in the shape of a crescent moon found in northern Israel is more than 5,000 years old, archaeologists have said. The structure, known as Rujum en-Nabi Shua'ayb or Jethro Cairn, is located near the Sea of Galilee and predates the construction of Stonehenge, the Great Pyramid in Egypt, as well as the writing of the Bible. It was initially discovered in the early part of the...
  • Before Noah: Myths of the Flood Are Far Older Than the Bible

    04/07/2014 1:36:42 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 113 replies
    TIME ^ | 04/05/2014 | Ishaan Tharoor
    <p>Darren Aronofskys Noah dominated the U.S. box office on its opening weekend and won critical acclaim, but not without controversy. The film, based on the biblical story in Genesis of Noahs Ark and the Great Flood, arrived amid a deluge of outrage from religious groups. Some Christians fumed at the films straying from biblical Scripture. Meanwhile, a host of Muslim-majority countries banned Noah from screening in theaters because representations of Noah, a prophet of God in the Koran, are considered blasphemous. Such images provoke the feelings of believers and are forbidden in Islam and a clear violation of Islamic law, read a fatwa issued by Cairos al-Azhar University, one of the foremost institutions of Sunni Islam. Egypt has not banned the film, but Indonesia, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates have. It is important to respect these religions and not show the film, lectured the main censors of the UAE.</p>
  • Clues to Lost Prehistoric Code Discovered in Mesopotamia

    10/10/2013 8:13:46 AM PDT · by robowombat · 26 replies
    Live Science ^ | October 10, 2013 07:44am ET | Owen Jarus
    Clues to Lost Prehistoric Code Discovered in Mesopotamia By Owen Jarus, LiveScience Contributor | October 10, 2013 07:44am ET Researchers studying clay balls from Mesopotamia have discovered clues to a lost code that was used for record-keeping about 200 years before writing was invented. The clay balls may represent the world's "very first data storage system," at least the first that scientists know of, said Christopher Woods, a professor at the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute, in a lecture at Toronto's Royal Ontario Museum, where he presented initial findings.
  • Of Lasting Genes And Lost Cities Of Tamil Nadu

    01/05/2003 4:15:36 PM PST · by blam · 28 replies · 788+ views
    Hindustan Times ^ | 1-5-2003 | Papri Sri Raman
    Of lasting genes and lost cities of Tamil Nadu Papri Sri Raman (Indo-Asian News Service) Chennai, January 5 India's East Coast, especially along Tamil Nadu, is increasingly drawing the attention of archaeologists and anthropologists from across the world for its evolutionary and historical secrets. The focus has sharpened after genetic scientist Spencer Wells found strains of genes in some communities of Tamil Nadu that were present in the early man of Africa. In the "Journey of Man" aired by the National Geographic channel, Wells says the first wave of migration of early man from Africa took place 60,000 years ago...
  • Of lasting genes and lost cities of Tamil Nadu

    01/11/2003 1:43:22 PM PST · by vannrox · 12 replies · 560+ views
    Hindusantimes ^ | Chennai, January 5 | Papri Sri Raman (Indo-Asian News Service)
    Of lasting genes and lost cities of Tamil Nadu Papri Sri Raman (Indo-Asian News Service)Chennai,January 5 India's East Coast, especially along Tamil Nadu, is increasingly drawing the attention of archaeologists and anthropologists from across the world for its evolutionary and historical secrets.The focus has sharpened after genetic scientist Spencer Wells found strains of genes in some communities of Tamil Nadu that were present in the early man of Africa.In the "Journey of Man" aired by the National Geographic channel, Wells says the first wave of migration of early man from Africa took place 60,000 years ago along the continent's...
  • The Kurdish People: A Background and History

    04/07/2004 7:54:38 PM PDT · by xzins · 36 replies · 1,043+ views
    The Kurdish Partnership ^ | Matthew Hand and Mark Brockman
    "No Friends but the Mountains" The Kurdish people comprise a large ethnic group of about 25 million that have always lived in the same place, and trace their roots back to the Medes of ancient Persia more than 2,500 years ago. In fact, the Magi, or "wise men" who traveled from the east to deliver their gold, frankincense and myrrh to the newborn Jesus at Bethlehem were most likely Zoroastrian priests, forbears of the modern Kurds. The Kurds are tribal people, many of them lived, until recently, a nomadic lifestyle in the mountainous regions of Turkey, Syria, Iraq and...
  • The Genetic Bonds Between Kurds and Jews

    05/04/2006 7:03:48 AM PDT · by white trash redneck · 42 replies · 10,733+ views
    Barzan (Kurdish Newspaper) ^ | 4 may 06 | kevin brook
    "The Genetic Bonds Between Kurds and Jews"by Kevin Alan BrookKurds are the Closest Relatives of JewsIn 2001, a team of Israeli, German, and Indian scientists discovered that the majority of Jews around the world are closely related to the Kurdish people -- more closely than they are to the Semitic-speaking Arabs or any other population that was tested. The researchers sampled a total of 526 Y-chromosomes from 6 populations (Kurdish Jews, Kurdish Muslims, Palestinian Arabs, Sephardic Jews, Ashkenazic Jews, and Bedouin from southern Israel) and added extra data on 1321 persons from 12 populations (including Russians, Belarusians, Poles, Berbers, Portuguese,...
  • Indian ancestry revealed

    09/23/2009 5:45:59 PM PDT · by BGHater · 64 replies · 4,635+ views
    Nature News ^ | 23 Sep 2009 | Elie Dolgin
    The mixing of two distinct lineages led to most modern-day Indians. The population of India was founded on two ancient groups that are as genetically distinct from each other as they are from other Asians, according to the largest DNA survey of Indian heritage to date. Nowadays, however, most Indians are a genetic hotchpotch of both ancestries, despite the populous nation's highly stratified social structure. "All Indians are pretty similar," says Chris Tyler-Smith, a genome researcher at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute near Cambridge, UK, who was not involved in the study. "The population subdivision has not had a dominating...
  • Mesopotamia's civilization originated in Armenia [ uh-boy... ]

    07/09/2010 11:16:39 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies · 1+ views
    PanARMENIAN ^ | July 2, 2010 | unattributed
    Unique discoveries revealed as a result of excavations at Shengavit (4000-3000 B.C.) confirm that Armenia is the motherland of metallurgy, jeweler's art, wine-making and horse breeding. A group of archaeologists studying the ancient city concluded that 4000-3000 B.C. Armenia was a highly developed state with exclusive culture. The excavations are carried out by an Armenian-American archaeological expedition. Director of the Scientific and Research Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the RA Ministry of Culture Simonyan said that for example, the glass beads discovered at the territory of Shengavit are of a higher quality than the Egypt samples. "Meanwhile, the...
  • Genetic link shown between Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamia

    09/30/2013 8:08:00 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Thursday, September 26, 2013 | PLoS ONE
    Ancient DNA methodology was applied to analyse sequences extracted from freshly unearthed remains (teeth) of 4 individuals deeply deposited in the slightly alkaline soil of Tell Ashara (ancient Terqa) and Tell Masaikh (ancient Kar-Assurnasirpal) Syrian archaeological sites, both in the middle Euphrates valley... [also] fifty-nine dental non-metric traits on a sample of teeth from 350 human skeletons excavated at three sites in the lower middle Euphrates valley. This showed a stable population until after the Mongolian invasion which resulted in a large depopulation of northern Mesopotamia in the 13th century CE. The final major change occurred during the 17th...
  • Babylonian artifact the Cyrus Cylinder shown in US for 1st time

    08/11/2013 12:32:06 AM PDT · by BlackVeil · 25 replies
    Times Colonist ^ | 7 March 2013 | n/c
    WASHINGTON - A nearly 2,600-year-old clay cylinder described as the world's first human rights declaration is being shown for the first time in the United States. The Cyrus Cylinder from ancient Babylon ... The cylinder carries an account, written in cuneiform, of how Persian King Cyrus conquered Babylon in 539 B.C. and would allow freedom of worship and abolish forced labour. The account also confirms a story from the Bible's Old Testament, describing how Cyrus released people held captive to go back to their homes, including the Jews' return to Jerusalem to build the Temple.
  • What happens to archeology when a region goes to war

    06/21/2013 1:40:54 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 13 replies
    The Globe and Mail ^ | June 21, 2013 | Ivan Semeniuk
    Mesopotamia may be long buried in the dust but our understanding of the ancient civilizations that flourished there continues to evolve, shaped in part by refined research methods and by shifting patterns of access because of the recent political history of the region. At first, Mesopotamia was a remote world with a foreign culture, viewed indirectly through mentions in the Bible and in the writings of classical antiquity. Even the name Mesopotamia is not native to the region but comes from an ancient Greek word that means land between rivers. Then the beginnings of archeology in the region during the...
  • Sorcery, Sex and the Sheep Census: Reconstructing the socio-economic patterns of Bronze Age Mesop...

    03/03/2013 8:45:23 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Collegiate Journal of Anthropology ^ | Wednesday, February 29, 2012 | Alexandre Loktionov
    AbstractThe textual corpus of Bronze Age Mesopotamia is unique in its richness; containing works which appear purely administrative, entirely fictional, or anywhere along a vast spectrum between the two extremes. The present discussion evaluates the major textual genres in terms of their possible uses in reconstructing wider socio-economic dynamics across Mesopotamia: this includes both practical aspects of the agricultural and commercial economies, but also points of ideology centred on complementary themes of fatalistic transience, rejuvenation, and the sensuality of mortals. The two are then linked together by an analysis of legal and haruspical texts, which were written for practical purposes...
  • Uruk 5000 Years of the Megacity

    01/09/2013 4:13:48 AM PST · by Renfield · 19 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | 1-8-2013
    Exactly one hundred years ago, finds from an excavation in the south of present-day Iraq sent shockwaves around the academic world as archaeologists working at the site of the Mesopotamian city of Uruk, (modern day Warka in Iraq), brought to light the first known urban culture.Uruk the first city of Sumer For thousands of years, southern Mesopotamia was home to hunters, fishers and farmers exploiting the fertile soil and abundant wildlife, but by 3200 B.C., the largest settlement in southern Mesopotamia, if not the world, was Uruk: a true city dominated by monumental buildings of mudbrick decorated with painted clay...
  • Buried but found: First images of a lost Roman town

    09/10/2012 6:02:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies ^ | Wednesday, September 5, 2012 | U of Cambridge
    Originally founded as a Roman colony in the 4th century BCE, the site of Interamna Lirenas lies in the Liri Valley in Southern Lazio, about 50 miles south of Rome itself. After it was abandoned around the year 500 CE, it was scavenged for building materials and, over time, its remains were completely lost from view. Today, the site is an uninterrupted stretch of farmland, with no recognisable archaeological features. Now, researchers have successfully produced the first images of the ancient site, using geophysical methods that allowed them to look beneath the surface of the earth and map the layout...
  • Rethinking the Thundering Hordes

    05/06/2012 7:31:58 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Archaeology, v65 n3 ^ | May/June 2012 | Andrew Lawler
    Vast stretches of Central Asia feel eerily uninhabited. Fly at 30,000 feet over... Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan -- and there are long moments when no town or road or field is visible from your window. Wandering bands and tribes roamed this immense area for 5,000 years, herding goat, sheep, cattle, and horses across immense steppes, through narrow valleys, and over high snowy passes. They left occasional tombs that survived the ages, and on rare occasions settled down and built towns or even cities. But for the most part, these peoples left behind few physical traces of their origins, beliefs, or ways...
  • Scandinavian Ancestry -- Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan

    12/15/2001 2:43:28 PM PST · by spycatcher · 56 replies · 3,406+ views
    Azerbaijan International ^ | Summer 2000 | Thor Heyerdahl
    &nbsp; &nbsp; Summer 2000 (8.2) Scandinavian Ancestry Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan by Thor Heyerdahl Above: Thor Heyerdahl with Peruvian children who still construct traditional boats made of reeds, the principle material that enabled early migrations on trans-oceanic voyages. Courtesy: Thor Heyerdahl. Archeologist and historian Thor Heyerdahl, 85, has visited Azerbaijan on several occasions during the past two decades. Each time, he garners more evidence to prove his tantalizing theory - that Scandinavian ancestry can be traced to the region now known as Azerbaijan. Heyerdahl first began forming this hypothesis after visiting Gobustan, an ancient cave dwelling found 30 miles ...
  • Rare Cuneiform Script Found on Island of Malta

    12/24/2011 9:27:13 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 47 replies
    Popular Archaeology ^ | Thursday, December 22, 2011 | Vol. 5 December 2011
    A small-sized find in an ancient megalithic temple stirs the imagination. Excavations among what many scholars consider to be the world's oldest monumental buildings on the island of Malta continue to unveil surprises and raise new questions about the significance of these megalithic structures and the people who built them. Not least is the latest find -- a small but rare, crescent-moon shaped agate stone featuring a 13th-century B.C.E. cuneiform inscription, the likes of which would normally be found much farther west in Mesopotamia. Led by palaeontology professor Alberto Cazzella of the University of Rome "La Sapienza", the archaeological team...
  • One of the earliest known examples of math homework

    12/01/2011 7:56:37 PM PST · by thecodont · 27 replies
    BoingBoing ^ | at 10:42 am Thursday, Dec 1 2011 | By Maggie Koerth-Baker
    It's stuff like this that makes me love archaeology. Turns out, we can trace the concept of math homework back to at least 2300 B.C.E., in ancient Mesopotamia. In the early 20th century, German researchers found several clay tablets at the site of uruppak. (Today, that's basically the Iraqi city of Tell Fara.) Some of the tablets appear to be the remains of math instruction, including two different tablets that are working the same story problem. A loose translation of the problem is: A granary. Each man receives 7 sila of grain. How many men? That is, the tablets concern...
  • Mesopotamia Between Yesterday & Today! (Eastern Liberty)

    10/24/2010 11:50:19 AM PDT · by Mister Ghost · 1 replies
    Eastern Liberty ^ | Friday, October 22, 2010 | Freedom
    I had the opportunity to visit the Iraqi museum in Baghdad before fallen at 2003 & it was days before the war! And every time when I see our ancient monuments in other countries, I don't feel happy about it, but in same time I feel that they are more safe than here because I know if those were here in Iraq they would be destroyed or disappeared. This glory for mesopotamia gave us different picture of Iraq, it isn't the picture of bombing cars, or seeing blood in streets, or "terrorism"...etc, [...] Iraq has a rich civilization through history,...

    06/30/2009 3:13:48 AM PDT · by Scanian · 5 replies · 919+ views
    NYPost ^ | June 30, 2009 | Ralph Peters
    OUR effort in Iraq passed a major milestone today: Our troops are leaving the cities. Advisers remain in place. Joint patrols will still occur. And our forces will wait nearby to respond to Iraqi calls for support. But the last of the bases and US-only outposts within Iraq's urban centers will be vacated. Terrorists have already begun testing the new security arrangements. Iraqi forces won't always pass with flying colors. Yet this situation seemed a pipe dream not so long ago: Iraq's security forces, serving an elected government, assume primary responsibility for the good order of their own country. We...
  • Priceless Smuggled Treasure Found

    12/25/2008 2:06:55 PM PST · by SandRat · 21 replies · 1,137+ views
    BASRA — Iraqi Security Forces recently uncovered hundreds of historical artifacts during two raids in northern Basra. The 228 ancient artifacts included Sumerian and Babylonian sculpture, gold jewelry and other items from ancient Mesopotamia.“This is my favorite item,” said Iraqi Col. Ali Sabah, commander of the Basra Emergency Battalion that led the operation, holding a piece of gold jewelry. “It’s gold from the Babylon ages and about 6,000 years old. It doesn’t have a price.”“I’m very happy because this is my civilization’s heritage,” he said.The Basra Emergency Battalion led raid operated from tips that smugglers intended to remove the...
  • Amid war, a prophet's shrine survives

    08/17/2008 3:18:36 PM PDT · by forkinsocket · 4 replies · 214+ views
    Babylon And Beyond ^ | Aug 17 2008 | Raheem Salman
    Here on the plains of the Tigris River lies the shrine of Ezra, the Jewish prophet, who returned to Jerusalem at the end of the Babylonian exile. According to biblical scholars, Ezra died years later back in the Mesopotamia at age 120 in what is now called Uzair. Locals believe Ezra passed away while roaming through the area with his donkey. His shrine still exists in this predominantly Shiite district of Amarah province filled with supporters of young cleric Muqtada's Sadr late father, a grand ayatollah assassinated in 1999. Bashir Zaalan is the custodian of Ezra's shrine. Zaalan inherited the...
  • Acrobat's last tumble

    06/13/2008 12:03:42 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies · 138+ views
    Science News ^ | June 6th, 2008 | Bruce Bower
    This discovery offers a unique view of the social world nearly 4,300 years ago at Nagar, a city that belonged to Mesopotamia's Akkadian Empire, say Joan Oates of the University of Cambridge in England and her colleagues. Nagar's remnants lie within layers of mud-brick construction known collectively as Tell Brak (SN: 2/9/08, p. 90). The earliest layers date to more than 6,000 years ago. Evidence suggests that this Nagar sacrifice immediately followed a brief abandonment of the site because of some sort of natural disaster. Residents appeased their gods by surrendering valued individuals, animals and objects in a building formerly...
  • Deployed Airmen find ancient artifacts at Iraqi air base

    12/30/2007 4:49:43 PM PST · by Jet Jaguar · 6 replies · 91+ views
    AFPN ^ | 28 Dec 2007 | Staff Sgt. Trevor Tiernan
    KIRKUK AIR BASE, Iraq (AFPN) -- An Airman and his team discovered fragments of pottery, possibly dating back as far back as 2,000 years during a recent job at Kirkuk Air Base. Tech. Sgt. Kelly Wayment, a heavy equipment operator with the 506th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron here, was carrying out a routine operation near a helicopter landing pad when he noticed something peculiar. Sergeant Wayment was spotting for fellow 506th ECES member Staff Sgt. Michael Massey as he drove a grader over the area. "I noticed something on the ground that looked kind of like a rock," said the...
  • Lion Sculpture Gets Record price

    12/06/2007 8:28:59 AM PST · by blam · 20 replies · 572+ views
    BBC ^ | 12-6-2007
    Lion sculpture gets record price The Guennol Lioness was discovered at a site near Baghdad A tiny limestone figure of a lion from ancient Mesopotamia has sold at auction for $57m (28m), almost double the previous record price for a sculpture. The 8.3cm (3.25in) tall Guennol Lioness is thought to have been carved 5,000 years ago in what is now Iraq and Iran. The lion, whose new owner has not been identified, had been on loan to the Brooklyn Museum of Art for 59 years. The previous record for a sculpture was set last month when Pablo Picasso's Tete de...
  • Mesopotamian City Grew Regardless Of Kingly Rule

    08/30/2007 3:39:12 PM PDT · by blam · 16 replies · 401+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 8-30-2007 | Roxanne Khamsi
    Mesopotamian city grew regardless of kingly rule 19:00 30 August 2007 news service Roxanne Khamsi Changes in pottery over the years allowed researchers to develop a timeline for the Tell Brak's expansion Contrary to the assumption that ancient cities always grew outwards from a central point, the urban site of Tell Brak in north-eastern Syria appears to have emerged as several nearby settlements melded together, according to researchers' analysis of archaeological evidence. Experts say that the findings lend support to the theory that early Mesopotamian cities developed as a result of grassroots organisation, rather than a mandate from a...
  • Discovery of Middle Asia Cities Recasts Ancient History

    08/10/2007 11:22:55 AM PDT · by BGHater · 7 replies · 590+ views
    Live Science ^ | 09 Aug 2007 | Ben Mauk
    New discoveries at dig sites in Middle Asia are rocking the archeological world and redefining the origins of modern civilization. Numerous sites in modern-day Iran and the surrounding region suggest that a vast network of societies together constituted the first cities, whose residents traded goods across hundreds of miles and forged parallel but strikingly independent cultures. Archaeologists have thought that modern civilization began in Mesopotamia, where the large Tigris and Euphrates rivers bounded a fertile valley that nurtured an increasingly complex society. The social structures, wealth and technologies of this society slowly spread along the Nile and then the Indus...
  • Beyond Mesopotamia: A Radical New View Of Human Civilization Reported In Science

    08/02/2007 2:55:22 PM PDT · by blam · 47 replies · 1,241+ views
    Eureka Alert ^ | 8-2-2007 | American Association For Advancement Of Science/Andrew Lawler
    Public release date: 2-Aug-2007 Contact: Natasha Pinol 202-326-7088 American Association for the Advancement of Science Beyond Mesopotamia: A radical new view of human civilization reported in ScienceMany urban centers crossed arc of Middle Asia 5,000 years ago A radically expanded view of the origin of civilization, extending far beyond Mesopotamia, is reported by journalist Andrew Lawler in the 3 August issue of Science. Mesopotamia is widely believed to be the cradle of civilization, but a growing body of evidence suggests that in addition to Mesopotamia, many civilized urban areas existed at the same time about 5,000 years ago...
  • Epic Hero (Gilgamesh Saga)

    05/01/2007 4:20:40 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 1,119+ views
    Smithsonian Magazine ^ | 5-1-2007 | Daqvid Damrosch
    Epic HeroHow a self-taught British genius rediscovered the Mesopotamian saga of Gilgameshafter 2,500 years By David Damrosch In November 1872, George Smith was working at the British Museum in a second-floor room overlooking the bare plane trees in Russell Square. On a long table were pieces of clay tablets, among the hundreds of thousands that archaeologists had shipped back to London from Nineveh, in present-day Iraq, a quarter-century before. Many of the fragments bore cuneiform hieroglyphs, and over the years scholars had managed to reassemble parts of some tablets, deciphering for the first time these records of daily life in...
  • Jiroft Is Lost Link Of Chain Of Civilization: Majidzadeh

    01/13/2007 3:15:01 PM PST · by blam · 10 replies · 1,003+ views
    Mehr News ^ | 1-12-2007
    Jiroft is lost link of chain of civilization: Majidzadeh TEHRAN, Jan. 12 (MNA) -- Iranian archaeologist Yusef Majidzadeh believes that Jiroft is the lost link of the chain of civilization and says it has such a significant civilization that he would be proud to be named an honorary citizen of the ancient site. In a seminar entitled Jiroft, the Cradle of Oriental Civilization held in Kerman on Thursday, he said, The history of civilization in Jiroft dates back to 2700 BC and the third millennium civilization is the lost link of the chain of civilization which archaeologists have long sought....
  • New Discoveries in Jiroft May Change History of Civilization

    01/26/2006 11:19:36 AM PST · by robowombat · 18 replies · 1,709+ views
    Persian Journal ^ | Jan 26, 2006
    New Discoveries in Jiroft May Change History of Civilization Jan 26, 2006 Latest archeological excavations in Jiroft, known as the hidden paradise of world archeologists, resulted in the discovery of a bronze statue depicting the head of goat which dates back to the third millennium BC. This statue was found in the historical cemetery of Jirof where recent excavations in the lower layers of this cemetery revealed that the history of the Halil Rud region dates back to the fourth millennium BC, a time that goes well beyond the age of civilization in Mesopotamia "One of the reasons the archeologists...
  • Local Insurgents Tell of Clashes With Al Qaeda's Forces in Iraq

    01/12/2006 3:24:30 PM PST · by lancer · 15 replies · 1,039+ views
    New York Times ^ | 1/12/06 | SABRINA TAVERNISE and DEXTER FILKINS
    BAGHDAD, Iraq, Jan. 11 - The story told by the two Iraqi guerrillas cut to the heart of the war that Iraqi and American officials now believe is raging inside the Iraqi insurgency. In October, the two insurgents said in interviews, a group of local fighters from the Islamic Army gathered for an open-air meeting on a street corner in Taji, a city north of Baghdad. Across from the Iraqis stood the men from Al Qaeda, mostly Arabs from outside Iraq. Some of them wore suicide belts. The men from the Islamic Army accused the Qaeda fighters of murdering their...
  • Tales of Iraq - Soldier brings treasures, history to school

    01/08/2006 11:59:08 PM PST · by BykrBayb · 1 replies · 480+ views
    Ft. Dodge Iowa Messenger News ^ | January 6, 2006 | JOHN MOLSEED
    Tales of Iraq Soldier brings treasures, history to school By JOHN MOLSEED Messenger staff writer Fair Oaks Middle School sixth-graders learning about Mesopotamia, the cradle of civilization, had a special guest Friday someone who had been there. Sgt. Tony Echevarria shared his experiences and visits to historic sites while stationed in Iraq with the students one of them his son, Zak Echevarria. This is believed to be the birthplace of Abraham, Sgt. Echevarria said describing a Powerpoint slide showing the ancient brick structure. He is the father of Judeo-Christian belief that we have today. Echevarria has spent eight...
  • Artifacts found at ancient city ("This was 'Shock and Awe' in the Fourth Millennium BC.")

    12/21/2005 9:41:34 PM PST · by nickcarraway · 11 replies · 774+ views
    Middle East Times ^ | December 17, 2005
    CHICAGO, IL, USA -- US and Syrian researchers say that a battle destroyed one of the world's earliest cities in Mesopotamia, at around 3500 BC but artifacts are left behind. The University of Chicago and Syria's Department of Antiquities say that the discovery provides the earliest evidence for large-scale organized warfare in the Mesopotamian world. "The whole area of our most recent excavation was a war zone," said Clemens Reichel, of the University of Chicago. Reichel was the co-director of the Syrian-American Archaeological Expedition to Hamoukar, an ancient site in northeastern Syria near the Iraqi border, in October and November....
  • Ancient Citadel Shows Scars Of Mass Warfare (Mesopotamia - 3500BC)

    12/16/2005 8:34:38 AM PST · by blam · 14 replies · 943+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 12-16-2005 | Will Knight
    Ancient citadel shows scars of mass warfare 11:42 16 December 2005 news service Will Knight The shattered remains of a 5500-year-old citadel that stood on the modern-day border between Syria and Iraq provide some of the oldest evidence for organised and bloody warfare. The Mesopotamian settlement lies in Hamoukar, on the northernmost tip of Syria, 8 kilometres from the Iraqi border. In 3500 BC the 13-hectare development was subjected to a devastating attack, its edifices crumbling beneath a crushing hail of bullet-shaped projectiles. The evidence of the destruction was uncovered in October and November 2005 by an expedition coordinated...
  • Archaeologists Unearth a War Zone 5,500 Years Old

    12/16/2005 2:51:40 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 106 replies · 2,549+ views
    NY Times ^ | December 16, 2005 | JOHN NOBLE WILFORD
    University of Chicago Architectural remains in Syria from the fourth millennium B.C. Those at lower left were excavated in 2001, and those at top center this year. The location is said to be the oldest known excavated site of a large battle. In the ruins of an ancient city in northeastern Syria, archaeologists have uncovered what they say is substantial evidence of a fierce battle fought there in about 3500 B.C. The archaeologists, who announced the find yesterday, described it as the oldest known excavated site of large-scale organized warfare. It was a clash of northern and southern cultures...

    06/16/2005 5:11:43 PM PDT · by Paul Ciniraj · 5 replies · 17,702+ views
    SALEM VOICE MINISTRIES ^ | 16th June, 2005 | Pastor Paul Ciniraj
    1. The garden of Eden was in Iraq. (it sure doesn't look much like Paradise on earth today thanks to Saddam). 2. Mesopotamia which is now Iraq was the cradle of civilization! 3. Noah built the ark in Iraq. 4. The Tower of Babel was in Iraq. 5. Abraham was from Ur, which is in Southern Iraq! 6. Isaac's wife Rebekah is from Nahor which is in Iraq. 7. Jacob met Rachel in Iraq. 8. Jonah preached in Nineveh - which is in Iraq. 9. Assyria which is in Iraq conquered the ten tribes of Israel. 10. Amos cried out...
  • Saudi National Named as Alleged Al-Qaida Suicide Bomber in Al-Qaim

    04/14/2005 7:54:28 AM PDT · by anonpenetfi · 7 replies · 693+ views ^ | 4/14/04 | (4/14/05): Sources in the Arabian Peninsula are now claiming that one of the four Al-Qaida suicide bombers who attacked a U.S. base in the western Iraqi town of Al-Qaim on April 11 was Saudi national Hadi bin Mubarak al-Qahtani. According to a statement marking his death, Hadi had grown "eager to martyr himself" after witnessing the example of the "19 heroes" and their "holy attack that demolished the foolish infidel Americans and caused many young men to awaken from their deep sleep." Click to view English translation c/o
  • French Archaeologist Solves Mystery of Ancient Mesopotamian City

    04/08/2005 3:35:01 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 11 replies · 901+ views
    Turkish Press ^ | Annick Benoist
    PARIS - The mystery of an ancient Mesopotamian city has finally been lifted after 25 years of meticulous work by a French archaeologist who has revealed it was one of the first "modern cities", purpose-built in the desert for the manufacture of copper arms and tools. In a new book entitled "Mari, the Metropolis of the Euphrates", Jean-Claude Margueron said the third millennium BC city, in modern day Syria, was "one of the first modern cities of humanity. Created from scratch in one phase of construction with the specific goal of becoming this (metallurgical) centre." This was an astounding concept...
  • French archaeologist solves mystery of Mesopotamian city

    03/05/2005 10:04:47 AM PST · by Lessismore · 14 replies · 986+ views
    The Daily Star ^ | Thursday, March 03, 2005 | By Annick Benoist
    Existence of major metallurgy center explains why Mari had been built PARIS, France: The mystery of an ancient Mesopotamian city has finally been lifted after 25 years of meticulous work by a French archaeologist who has revealed it was one of the first "modern cities," purpose-built in the desert for the manufacture of copper arms and tools. In a new book entitled "Mari, the Metropolis of the Euphrates," Jean-Claude Margueron said the third millennium B.C. city, in modern-day Syria, was "one of the first modern cities of humanity. Created from scratch in one phase of construction with the specific goal...