Free Republic 3rd Quarter Fundraising Target: $85,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $21,238
24%  
Woo hoo!! And the first 24% is in!! Thank you all very much!!

Keyword: navigation

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Ahoy, mateys! US to stop printing nautical charts [cost saving measure]

    10/23/2013 9:44:31 AM PDT · by Cincinatus' Wife · 37 replies
    Fox NY ^ | October 22, 2013 | SETH BORENSTEIN
    <p>WASHINGTON (AP) - The federal government is going into uncharted waters, deep-sixing the giant paper nautical charts that it has been printing for mariners for more than 150 years.</p> <p>The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced Tuesday that to save money, the government will stop turning out the traditional brownish, heavy paper maps after mid-April.</p>
  • Island Hopping To A New World

    02/18/2004 2:24:06 PM PST · by Fedora · 28 replies · 1,037+ views
    U.S. News ^ | 2/23/2004 | Alex Markels
    Special Report 2/23/04 Island Hopping To A New World The first Americans may have arrived not on foot but by boat from Asia, even Europe By Alex Markels Digging in a dank limestone cave in Canada's Queen Charlotte Islands last summer, 21-year-old Christina Heaton hardly noticed the triangular piece of chipped stone she'd unearthed in a pile of muddy debris. But as her scientist father, Timothy, sifted through the muck, he realized she'd struck pay dirt. "Oh my God!" he yelled to her and the team of other researchers scouring the remote site off the coast of British Columbia. "It's...
  • Rat DNA Clues To Sea Migration

    06/08/2004 1:51:08 PM PDT · by blam · 14 replies · 1,192+ views
    BBC ^ | 6-8-2004
    Rat DNA clues to sea migration This carving shows Pacific rats on the face of a Polynesian ancestor Scientists have used DNA from rats to trace migration patterns of the ancestors of today's Polynesians. People are thought to have arrived in Polynesia, comprising the Pacific islands of Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, by boat some 3,000 years ago. Rat data suggests the journey was more complex than the popular "Express Train" theory, which proposes a rapid dispersal of people from South Asia. Details appear in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith and Judith Robins from the University of...
  • China beat Columbus to it, perhaps

    01/13/2006 9:05:19 PM PST · by tbird5 · 37 replies · 989+ views
    The Economist ^ | Jan 12th 2006 | unknown
    An ancient map that strongly suggests Chinese seamen were first round the world THE brave seamen whose great voyages of exploration opened up the world are iconic figures in European history. Columbus found the New World in 1492; Dias discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488; and Magellan set off to circumnavigate the world in 1519. However, there is one difficulty with this confident assertion of European mastery: it may not be true. It seems more likely that the world and all its continents were discovered by a Chinese admiral named Zheng He, whose fleets roamed the oceans between...
  • Historian - Chinese Mapped World Centuries Before Columbus

    10/31/2002 3:18:43 PM PST · by pistola · 19 replies · 436+ views
    Reuters | 10-31-2 | Tim Castle
    Historian - Chinese Mapped World Centuries Before Columbus By Tim Castle 10-31-2 LONDON (Reuters) - Debunking Christopher Columbus has become a full-time occupation for retired British submarine commander Gavin Menzies. Next week the urbane 65-year-old begins a global publicity campaign to promote his extraordinary claim that Chinese sailors discovered America 70 years before Columbus and mapped the whole world centuries before European explorers. Despite criticism from academics that his theory is no more than "a tower of hypotheses," publisher Transworld paid 500,000 pounds ($780,000) for the rights to "1421 -- The Year China Discovered the World," a huge sum for...
  • Did Ancient Drifters 'Discover' British Columbia?

    04/25/2012 4:58:58 PM PDT · by Theoria · 27 replies
    The Tyee ^ | 03 April 2012 | Daniel Wood
    Legends and bits of evidence tell a story of Asians arriving here long, long ago. Part one of two. "Even pale ink is better than memory." -- Chinese proverbAs the tide creeps over the sand flats of Pachena Bay south of Bamfield, it brings ashore the flotsam of the Pacific that -- on occasion -- hints at extraordinary travels and a mystery of historic proportions. Amid the kelp, in decades past, hundreds of green-glass fishing floats would arrive intact on the Vancouver Island coast, having ridden the powerful Japanese Current in year-long transits from Asia. But on rare occasions, entire...
  • Who came first, Chinese or Columbus?

    05/16/2005 3:26:15 AM PDT · by SteveH · 30 replies · 834+ views
    Herald Today ^ | May 14, 2005 | Dana Sanchez
    Who came first, Chinese or Columbus? DANA SANCHEZ Herald Staff Writer SARASOTA - A local company could help rewrite history if it can prove, using DNA testing, that Chinese explorers landed in the New World about 70 years before Columbus. But it's going to take money - up to $2 million in research funding - to test a hypothesis that hasn't been popular. Sarasota-based DNAPrint genomics plans to make a presentation Monday at the U.S. Library of Congress Symposium in Washington, D.C., commemorating the 600th anniversary of Chinese Admiral Zheng He's first voyage. Zheng He was a Ming Dynasty explorer...
  • 1421 (Chinese discovery of America)

    01/01/2004 4:48:30 PM PST · by SteveH · 19 replies · 497+ views
    Hello, I am wondering if anyone out there has read "1421" yet. I read it over the holidays and found it about 80% believable. In reading some of the other reviews on Amazon, it seemed that some skeptical readers blew it off due to a small set of fanciful conjectures that appeared relatively early in the book. Any other reviews?
  • Did the Chinese discover America?

    01/13/2003 2:50:54 PM PST · by NP-INCOMPLETE · 50 replies · 506+ views
    CNN ^ | January 13, 2003 | Adam Dunn
    <p>NEW YORK (CNN) -- In his new book, "1421: The Year China Discovered America" (William Morrow), Gavin Menzies claims that a massive Chinese fleet of huge junks and support ships made a two-year circumnavigation of the globe, with extensive exploration of the Americas, nearly a century before Magellan and Columbus.</p>
  • Obsession propels scholar on long, lonesome voyage [ Gunnar Thompson ]

    06/18/2007 9:36:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies · 313+ views
    Seattle Times ^ | Monday, June 18, 2007 | Ross Anderson
    Over the course of his 30-year journey, Thompson has written five books, all self-published, detailing what he believes to be conclusive evidence that, long before 1492, the Americas were explored repeatedly -- by the ancient Chinese, Venetians, Egyptians, Romans, Vikings, Irish, English and who-knows-who-else. He argues, for example, that a Chinese admiral named Zheng He, commanding a fleet of Chinese junks in the early 1400s, explored the coasts of the Americas. He believes that Marco Polo sailed with the Chinese into the Strait of Juan de Fuca and perhaps into Puget Sound in the 13th century. He is convinced that...
  • Adelanto developer's maps could rewrite history [china; menzies; 1421]

    05/16/2005 3:19:24 AM PDT · by SteveH · 7 replies · 493+ views
    Desert Dispatch ^ | Sunday, May 15, 2005 | Leroy Standish
    Adelanto developer's maps could rewrite history Sunday, May 15, 2005 Still-to-be-authenticated relics suggest Chinese explorers discovered America 4,200 years ago By LEROY STANDISH/Staff Writer ADELANTO -- For more than a decade, seven fragile map books sat under Hendon Harris' bed battling dust and darkness. Two years ago they were exhumed and could possibly prove the Chinese discovered the American land mass 4,200 years ago. "These maps were under my bed for 10-plus years, because we really didn't know what we had," said Hendon Harris, an Adelanto developer who owns several apartment buildings and is a prime sponsor of the Adelanto...
  • Marco Polo discovered America 200 years before Colombus, according to map

    08/09/2007 3:28:45 AM PDT · by HAL9000 · 92 replies · 5,820+ views
    AFP via translation ^ | August 9, 2007
    Possible discovered of America by Marco Polo before Colomb: account in VSD 'America - its West coast - would have been discovered by Marco Polo some 200 years before Christophe Colomb, according to a chart of the Library of the Congress in Washington examined since 1943 by the FBI and whose history is told in published review VSD Wednesday. This document, brought to the Library in 1933 by Marcian Rossi, an American naturalized citizen originating in Italy, “represents a boat beside a chart showing part of India, China, Japan, the Eastern Indies and North America”, indicates the report/ratio of...
  • No Chinese ruins in Cape Breton: archeologists

    07/30/2006 8:17:06 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies · 357+ views
    CBC News ^ | Thursday, July 27, 2006 | unattributed
    Cape Breton-born architect Paul Chiasson says... there's a road, a three-kilometre-long wall that snakes down a hill and stone platforms, all of which look similar to Chinese structures. In his book, The Island of Seven Cities: Where the Chinese Settled When They Discovered North America, Chiasson concludes that explorers from China built the settlement. The claim was so provocative, David Christianson, curator of archeology with the Nova Scotia Museum, and four other archeologists headed out to the site to investigate for themselves. They concluded there was no settlement at all... The archeologists say Chiasson's wall is really a fire break...
  • Did Chinese beat out Columbus? (Did Chinese sailors discover America ahead of Europeans?)

    08/13/2009 6:27:39 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 41 replies · 1,218+ views
    New York Times ^ | 6/25/2005 | Sonia Kolesnikov-Jessop
    Did Chinese sailors really discover America before Columbus? A new exhibition sets the scene, presenting new evidence that lends support to the assumptions made in "1421: The Year China Discovered America" by Gavin Menzies. "1421: The Year China Sailed the World," in Singapore in a special tent near the Esplanade (until Sept. 11), is primarily a celebration of Admiral Zheng He's seven maritime expeditions between 1405 and 1423. With a fleet of 317 ships and 28,000 men, Zheng He is generally acknowledged as one of the great naval explorers, but how far he actually went remains a matter of dispute....
  • Plans to dig up Chinese ship on

    07/28/2006 10:06:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies · 197+ views
    Daily Nation ^ | 7/28/2006 | Abdulsamad Ali
    Plans to excavate a Chinese ship that sunk in the Indian Ocean off Siyu Island 600 years ago are still on, a diplomat has said... Mr Chongli said the Chinese embassy in Nairobi expected the budgetary estimates to be presented to the People's Council for approval in the next budget, early next year. At the same time, a delegation of Chinese researchers had gone back home to study the historical significance of the ship according to available records... The ship is believed to have hit a rock and capsized near Shanga Village in Lamu.  The head of coastal archaeology in...
  • China map lays claim to Americas

    01/13/2006 10:31:34 AM PST · by West Coast Conservative · 116 replies · 2,884+ views
    BBC News ^ | January 13, 2006
    A map due to be unveiled in Beijing and London next week may lend weight to a theory a Chinese admiral discovered America before Christopher Columbus. The map, which shows North and South America, apparently states that it is a 1763 copy of another map made in 1418. If true, it could imply Chinese mariners discovered and mapped America decades before Columbus' 1492 arrival. The map, which is being dated to check it was made in 1763, faces a lot of scepticism from experts. Chinese characters written beside the map say it was drawn by Mo Yi Tong and copied...
  • China map lays claim to Americas ( China Won't Stop at Taiwan?)

    01/14/2006 7:34:00 AM PST · by Candor7 · 98 replies · 1,814+ views
    BBC NEWS ^ | Friday, 13 January 2006, 13:23 GMT | BBC NEWS (general staff)
    China map lays claim to Americas The map clearly shows the Americas and Africa A map due to be unveiled in Beijing and London next week may lend weight to a theory a Chinese admiral discovered America before Christopher Columbus. The map, which shows North and South America, apparently states that it is a 1763 copy of another map made in 1418. If true, it could imply Chinese mariners discovered and mapped America decades before Columbus' 1492 arrival. The map, which is being dated to check it was made in 1763, faces a lot of scepticism from experts. Chinese characters...
  • Were Chinese here first? (china; menzies; 1421)

    05/16/2005 3:35:42 AM PDT · by SteveH · 60 replies · 3,092+ views
    NewsAdvance.com ^ | May 15, 2005 | Shannon Brennan
    Were Chinese here first? Shannon Brennan / sbrennan@newsadvance.com May 15, 2005 Charlotte Rees is heiress to evidence that could turn world history upside down - if she can corroborate it. She and her six siblings inherited maps from their father, a third-generation missionary born in China, that she says may show the Chinese had discovered America - and the rest of the world - as early as 2200 B.C. “I’m ready for opposition,” said Rees, who lives in Forest. “Even when Columbus was saying the world was round, he had opposition.” Rees, 59, will propound her theory Monday at a...
  • Chinese Explorers 'Discovered America' [ ! ]

    03/07/2002 7:00:38 PM PST · by ex-Texan · 115 replies · 656+ views
    Chinese explorers 'discovered America' By Alfred Lee STRAITS TIMES EUROPE BUREAU LONDON - When explorer Christopher Columbus landed in America in 1492, he was 72 years behind a Chinese expeditionary force, which had already made its way to the area. And although Captain James Cook was credited with discovering Australia for the British Empire in 1770, the Chinese had mapped the island continent 337 years earlier. Sailing in 1,000-foot-long ships with nine massive junk-style sails, the Chinese also circumnavigated the world a century before explorer Ferdinand Magellan's epic journey, and reached South America. These disclosures are at the centre of ...
  • Did Chinese ships discover America?

    10/21/2009 5:49:35 PM PDT · by BGHater · 28 replies · 1,447+ views
    The Province ^ | 18 Oct 2009 | Susan Lazaruk
    Researcher whose father found old maps posits 2000 BC voyage to west coast History books tell us that the first Chinese settlers to Canada arrived in Victoria about 150 years ago, but a U.S. researcher says she has solid evidence that they came earlier. Some 4,000 years earlier. That would be 3,500 years before 1492, when European explorer Christopher "Columbus sailed the ocean blue." Or 10,000 years after nomadic hunters from Eastern Siberia crossed the frozen Bering Strait during the Ice Age, a migration taken by modern scholars to account for North America's native population. Charlotte Harris Rees, a retired...
  • Explorer From China Who 'Beat Columbus To America'

    03/04/2002 3:24:49 PM PST · by blam · 116 replies · 5,585+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 3-4-2002 | Elizabeth Grice
    Explorer from China who 'beat Columbus to America' By Elizabeth Grice (Filed: 04/03/2002) HISTORY books in 23 countries may need to be rewritten in the light of new evidence that Chinese explorers had discovered most parts of the world by the mid-15th century. Next week, an amateur historian will expound his theory - backed up by charts, ancient artefacts and anthropological research - that when Columbus discovered America in 1492, he was 72 years too late. And so were other explorers, such as Cook, Magellan and Da Gama, whose heroic voyages took them to Australia, South America and India. Instead, ...
  • Chinese map claims to back theory that China discovered America

    01/17/2006 5:00:33 PM PST · by presidio9 · 53 replies · 1,092+ views
    AFP ^ | 1/17/06
    Chinese map collecter has found a copy of an ancient map he claims proves controversial theories that famed Chinese mariner Zheng He was the first person to discover America and circumnavigate the world. Liu Gang said the map supports the recent theories that Chinese discovered America before Christopher Columbus and charted parts of the world such as Antartica and northern Canada long before Western explorers. "The map shows us that Chinese discovered the world 70 years before Columbus," Liu said in a public unveiling of the chart. "The map tells us that Zheng He discovered the world." The map is...
  • PBS Previews: 1421: the year China discovered America?

    07/21/2004 10:00:24 AM PDT · by SteveH · 46 replies · 1,632+ views
    1421: THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED AMERICA? 1421: THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED AMERICA?, airing on PBS Wednesday, July 21, investigates a theory that could turn the conventional view of world history on its head: the startling possibility that a daring Chinese admiral, commanding the largest wooden armada ever built, reached America 71 years before Columbus. The documentary examines the mystery surrounding China's legendary Zheng He and the spectacular Ming fleet of treasure junks he commanded in the early 15th century. The special provides a history of the known journeys of Zheng He's fleet and an account of new information uncovered by...
  • British Author claims the Chinese, not Columbus, found America First

    01/07/2003 4:49:27 PM PST · by yankeedame · 61 replies · 1,258+ views
    The Sacramento Bee ^ | Tuesday, January 7, 2003 | Ted Bell
    Critics say new book is all junk A British author claims the Chinese, not Columbus, found America first.By Ted Bell -- Bee Staff Writer Published 2:15 a.m. PST Tuesday, January 7, 2003 British author Gavin Menzies' controversial book "1421 -- The Year China Discovered America", which goes on sale in the United States this week, claims that America was discovered by Chinese explorers 70 years before Columbus arrived. Part of the alleged proof behind Menzies' theory -- which is being heatedly contested by more traditional historians -- purportedly rests beneath about 40 feet of Glenn County mud in the form...
  • Book claims Chinese discovered America

    01/11/2003 2:01:33 PM PST · by vannrox · 102 replies · 2,051+ views
    UPI ^ | Published 1/7/2003 11:49 AM | By FREDERICK M. WINSHIP
    Book claims Chinese discovered America By FREDERICK M. WINSHIP From the Life & Mind Desk Published 1/7/2003 11:49 AM NEW YORK, Jan. 7 (UPI) -- Scattered evidence that Chinese explorers "discovered" America 71 years before Christopher Columbus and circumnavigated the earth 60 years before Ferdinand Magellan was born has been brought into convincing focus by a book published Tuesday that is expected to rewrite history. British author Gavin Menzies first aired his theory of pre-Columbian visits by the Chinese to both North and South America in a lecture before the Royal Geographic Society in London last March, resulting in a...
  • Is Gavin Menzies Right or Wrong? (Did the Chinese discover the western hemisphere?)

    03/12/2003 8:30:30 AM PST · by robowombat · 13 replies · 286+ views
    History News Network ^ | March 10, 2003 | Timothy Furnish
    Is Gavin Menzies Right or Wrong? By Timothy Furnish Mr. Furnish, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor, World History, Georgia Perimeter College. Every college world history textbook discusses the early 15th c. CE Chinese naval expeditions, commissioned by the Ming Emperor Zhu Di and commanded by the legendary admiral Zheng He, that sailed as far as East Africa and the Red Sea. Indeed, one of the favorite themes of the history subgenre known as alternative history is: why didn't these Chinese flotillas beat the Portuguese and Spanish to the New World--and what if they had? Gavin Menzies, a former British Royal Navy...
  • Riddle of a lost Chinese city on the Atlantic coast

    03/08/2005 12:42:07 PM PST · by Destro · 89 replies · 1,407+ views
    asianpacificpost.com ^ | Feb 24, 2005 | asianpacificpost.com
    Riddle of a lost Chinese city on the Atlantic coast Feb 24, 2005 On May 16, a Canadian architect will tell the United Nations of a lost Chinese city on the Atlantic coast of North America, lending weight to the theory that the Chinese arrived in the New World some 70 years before Christopher Columbus. A Canadian architect has discovered what is believed to be the lost naval base of China‘s foremost explorer on the Atlantic coast of North America, lending weight to the theory the Chinese arrived in the New World some 70 years before Christopher Columbus. The revelation...
  • Russia's Proton Rocket Explodes on Launch (YouTube video 1m15s)

    07/02/2013 4:18:12 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 44 replies
    YouTube ^ | 7/2/13
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Zl12dXYcUTo
  • A Cat’s 200-Mile Trek Home Leaves Scientists Guessing

    01/21/2013 12:54:16 PM PST · by Theoria · 51 replies
    The New York Times ^ | 19 Jan 2013 | Pam Belluck
    Nobody knows how it happened: an indoor housecat who got lost on a family excursion managing, after two months and about 200 miles, to return to her hometown.Even scientists are baffled by how Holly, a 4-year-old tortoiseshell who in early November became separated from Jacob and Bonnie Richter at an R.V. rally in Daytona Beach, Fla., appeared on New Year’s Eve — staggering, weak and emaciated — in a backyard about a mile from the Richters’ house in West Palm Beach.“Are you sure it’s the same cat?” wondered John Bradshaw, director of the University of Bristol’s Anthrozoology Institute. In other...
  • N.Korean Rocket Used Cutting-Edge Navigation (satellite navigation)

    12/15/2012 5:35:22 AM PST · by TigerLikesRooster · 16 replies
    N.Korean Rocket Used Cutting-Edge Navigation The long-range rocket North Korea launched on Wednesday was apparently equipped with cutting-edge navigational technology. National Intelligence Service chief Won Sei-hoon told lawmakers on Thursday that analysis by NASA showed that the satellite mounted on top of the rocket left its trajectory faster than ordinary satellites. Won said the North appears to have acquired "remote-controlled guidance technology" that caused the satellite to shift its path after being separated from the rocket. This means North Korea also tested technology that could increase the accuracy of intercontinental ballistic missiles. The North also apparently used technology from the...
  • Space Capability Integral to All Military Operation

    03/26/2012 1:11:35 AM PDT · by U-238 · 3 replies · 2+ views
    Defense Talk ^ | 3/26/2012 | Defense Talk
    Space capabilities have become integral to all military operations, the commander of Air Force Space Command told reporters here during a Defense Writers Group breakfast yesterday. "It's hard to imagine what life was like before we had ... GPS providing very accurate targeting capability, military satellite communications providing all the reach-back that's needed, [and] missile warning providing cover for our deployed forces," Air Force Gen. William L. Shelton said. The Air Force launched and maintains the 24 satellites that make up the GPS navigation system. The all-weather, 24-hour system was intended for military use, but in 1983 President Ronald Reagan...
  • An Ocean of Data: The New Way to Find Sunken Treasure

    02/18/2012 5:51:57 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 26 replies
    Popular Science ^ | February 9, 2012 | Brooke Borel
    As much as Foley likes discovering shipwrecks -- he's found or helped find 26 in the past 14 years -- he doesn't much like spending time looking for them, at least not in the conventional ways. Rather than sending dive teams down to survey 1,000-foot transects one fin kick at a time, Foley prefers to use autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to survey huge tracts of seafloor. Where the robots don't work well, Foley sends down divers armed with closed-circuit rebreathers and thrusters, allowing them to cover more ground. He wants to go faster, he says, because he needs a lot...
  • Underwater archaeology: Hunt for the ancient mariner

    01/26/2012 9:06:56 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Nature ^ | Wednesday, January 25, 2012 | Jo Marchant
    Foley, a marine archaeologist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, and his colleagues at Greece's Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities in Athens have spent the day diving near the cliffs of the tiny island of Dia in the eastern Mediterranean. They have identified two clusters of pottery dating from the first century BC and fifth century AD. Together with other remains that the team has discovered on the island's submerged slopes, the pots reveal that for centuries Greek, Roman and Byzantine traders used Dia as a refuge during storms, when they couldn't safely reach Crete. It is a nice...
  • Ancient Greek Ships Carried More Than Just Wine

    10/16/2011 7:46:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Nature ^ | Friday, October 14, 2011 | Jo Marchant
    A DNA analysis of ancient storage jars suggests that Greek sailors traded a wide range of foods -- not just wine, as many historians have assumed. The study, in press at the Journal of Archaeological Science1, finds evidence in nine jars taken from Mediterranean shipwrecks of vegetables, herbs and nuts. The researchers say DNA testing of underwater artefacts from different time periods could help to reveal how such complex markets developed across the Mediterranean. Archaeologist Brendan Foley of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in Massachusetts and geneticist Maria Hansson of Lund University, Sweden, retrieved DNA from nine amphorae -- the...
  • Bulgarian Archaeology Finds Said to Rewrite History of Black Sea Sailing

    09/14/2011 2:56:24 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    Novinite ^ | Monday, September 12, 2011 | Sofia News Agency
    Massive ancient stone anchors were found by divers participating in an archaeological expedition near the southern Bulgarian Black Sea town of Sozopol. The expedition, led by deputy director of Bulgaria's National Historical Museum Dr Ivan Hristov, found the precious artifacts west of the Sts. Cyricus and Julitta island. The 200-kg beautifully ornamented anchors have two holes in them -- one for the anchor rope and another one for a wooden stick. They were used for 150-200-ton ships that transported mainly wheat, but also dried and salted fish, skins, timber and metals from what now is Bulgaria's coast. The anchors' shape...
  • Hello....I'm New Here

    09/08/2011 6:05:28 AM PDT · by SpinRabbit · 127 replies
    Hello everyone. I recently found this site and I enjoy it, though I find it a little difficult to navigate. I would describe myself as a former liberal who outgrew his college education. I look forward to lively discussion, and I would appreciate any tips on using the forum. Thanks.
  • Secrets of Egypt: 'Spectacular' archaeological site provides details of ancient life

    06/12/2011 11:11:01 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    University of Delaware UDaily ^ | June 7, 2011 | Ann Manser
    On the edge of Egypt's eastern desert, known to natives as "the red land," Berenike thrived as a trading port for goods from Europe, Asia and southern Arabia. Sidebotham's digs have turned up such varied items as Indian-made pottery and beads, a figurine of Venus, timbers made of cedar from Lebanon, a clay jar containing decorative silver pieces, Roman glass, sapphires and other gems, a mother-of-pearl cross and sliver of Turkish marble used as veneer for walls. One large jar found embedded in the courtyard floor of a temple contained nearly 17 pounds of black peppercorns, which had been imported...
  • Roman ship had on-board fish tank: Hand-operated pump would have kept catch alive during long trips

    06/02/2011 5:41:41 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Nature ^ | Tuesday, May 31, 2011 | Jo Marchant
    A Roman ship found with a lead pipe piercing its hull has mystified archaeologists. Italian researchers now suggest that the pipe was part of an ingenious pumping system, designed to feed on-board fish tanks with a continuous supply of oxygenated water. Their analysis has been published online in the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. Historians have assumed that in ancient times fresh fish were eaten close to where they were caught, because without refrigeration they would have rotted during transportation. But if the latest theory is correct, Roman ships could have carried live fish to buyers across the Mediterranean Sea....
  • Climate played big role in Vikings’ disappearance from Greenland

    05/30/2011 1:12:10 PM PDT · by decimon · 55 replies
    Brown University ^ | May 30, 2011 | Varied
    Greenland's early Viking settlers were subjected to rapidly changing climate. Temperatures plunged several degrees in a span of decades, according to research from Brown University. A reconstruction of 5,600 years of climate history from lakes near the Norse settlement in western Greenland also shows how climate affected the Dorset and Saqqaq cultures. Results appear in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — The end of the Norse settlements on Greenland likely will remain shrouded in mystery. While there is scant written evidence of the colony’s demise in the 14th and early 15th centuries, archaeological remains can...
  • Vesta Ahoy!

    05/14/2011 4:29:46 AM PDT · by Lonesome in Massachussets · 2 replies
    Sky and Telescope Website ^ | Shweta Krishnan
    If you were riding with NASA’s Dawn spacecraft, now cruising the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, you would see a brightening new point of light against the starry background. This is Vesta, your immediate destination. Artist rendition of Dawn gathering spectral data from Vesta. Scientists have estimated that Dawn will enter Vesta’s gravitational field on July 16, 2011, and begin taking data when it descends to an altitude of 2700 km from the surface. Dawn’s first image of Vesta, the second-largest object in the asteroid belt, still has fewer pixels than those of it taken by the Hubble Space...
  • FAA authorizes use of Jeppesen app on iPad to replace paper aeronautical charts

    02/16/2011 4:12:53 PM PST · by Swordmaker · 19 replies
    Mac Daily News ^ | Wednesday, February 16, 2011
    Jeppesen today announced that Executive Jet Management has received authorization from the Federal Aviation Administration to use the Jeppesen Mobile TC App for iPad as an alternative to paper aeronautical charts. The authorization allows Executive Jet Management to use iPad and the Jeppesen Mobile TC App as the sole reference for electronic charts, even during taxi, takeoff and landing. Executive Jet Management, a wholly owned subsidiary of NetJets Inc., is a leading provider of worldwide jet charter and aircraft management services.This announcement is a result of a three-month extensive in-flight evaluation managed by Executive Jet Management and Jeppesen with...
  • Did Vikings navigate by polarized light?

    01/31/2011 8:30:21 PM PST · by Palter · 30 replies
    Nature ^ | 31 Jan 2011 | Jo Marchant
    'Sunstone' crystals may have helped seafarers to find the Sun on cloudy days. A Viking legend tells of a glowing 'sunstone' that, when held up to the sky, revealed the position of the Sun even on a cloudy day. It sounds like magic, but scientists measuring the properties of light in the sky say that polarizing crystals — which function in the same way as the mythical sunstone — could have helped ancient sailors to cross the northern Atlantic. A review of their evidence is published today in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B1. The Vikings, seafarers from Scandinavia...
  • Humans helped vultures colonize the Canary Islands

    12/12/2010 6:29:46 PM PST · by decimon · 10 replies
    BioMed Central ^ | December 12, 2010 | Unknown
    The Egyptian vulture population of the Canary Islands was established following the arrival of the first human settlers who brought livestock to the islands. A genetic comparison of Iberian and Canarian birds, published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, found that the Egyptian vulture population in the Canary Islands was likely established around 2500 years ago – around the same time as humans began to colonise the islands. Rosa Agudo worked with a team of researchers from the Doñana Biological Station, Seville, Spain, to investigate genetic and morphological changes between 143 Iberian birds and 242 from Fuerteventura, one...
  • Chinese archaeologists' African quest for sunken ship of Ming admiral [Moslem, of course]

    07/27/2010 6:11:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Guardian.co.uk ^ | Sunday, July 25, 2010 | Xan Rice in Nairobi
    A team of 11 Chinese archaeologists will arrive in Kenya tomorrow to begin the search for an ancient shipwreck and other evidence of commerce with China dating back to the early 15th century. The three-year, £2m joint project will centre around the tourist towns of Lamu and Malindi and should shed light on a largely unknown part of both countries' histories. The sunken ship is believed to have been part of a mighty armada commanded by Ming dynasty admiral Zheng He, who reached Malindi in 1418. According to Kenyan lore, reportedly backed by recent DNA testing, a handful of survivors...
  • Russia to hold talks with France on purchasing artillery navigation system

    07/01/2010 2:27:45 AM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 12 replies · 3+ views
    Defense Professionals/RIA Novosti ^ | Defense Professionals/RIA Novosti
    As RIA Novosti reports, the Russian Defense Ministry will hold talks during an international engineering forum near Moscow with France's Sagem Defense Securite on the possible purchase of a Sigma 30 inertial navigation system. The Engineering Technologies International Forum 2010 will be held from June 30 through July 4 in the town of Zhukovsky, 40 kilometers southeast of Moscow. Earlier this month, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin invited the French-based Sagem company (SAFRAN group), a European leader in defense and consumer electronics, for talks in Moscow. Popovkin said Russia is interested in purchasing the Sigma 30 artillery navigation and...
  • Sailing Against Conventional Wisdom

    06/29/2010 9:28:32 PM PDT · by Palter · 13 replies
    WSJ ^ | 12 Feb 2010 | DALYA ALBERGE
    Author Gavin Menzies Is Determined to Prove That Minoans Discovered the New World 4,000 Years Ago It takes a brave soul to rewrite history by sailing against current thought. More than 500 years after Christopher Columbus "discovered" America, another seaman is doing just that, entering previously uncharted academic waters with claims that other "Europeans" -- the Minoans -- got there first, thousands of years earlier. Gavin Menzies, 72 years old, is drawing on his experience as a former British Royal Navy submarine commander to prove in a book he is writing that the Minoans were such supreme seafarers that they...
  • China Builds Its Own GPS Network

    06/23/2010 10:58:50 PM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 8 replies · 1+ views
    The Strategy Page ^ | 6/22/2010 | The Strategy Page
    China recently launched the fourth of 35 Beidou ("Compass") navigation satellites. Within two years, it will have enough Beidou birds in orbit to provide GPS type service for all of China. By the end of the decade, all 35 satellites will be up, and the entire planet will have access to Beidou. It was two years ago that China decided to expand its Beidou satellite navigation system to cover the entire planet, like GPS, Galileo and Glonass. Think of the original Beidou system as GPS light. That version of Beidou (or Beidou 1) only covered East Asia, and not even...
  • Paperless Navigation

    05/31/2010 7:59:19 PM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 12 replies · 462+ views
    The Strategy Page ^ | 5/31/2010 | The Strategy Page
    After five years of testing, the U.S. Navy is finally entering the digital age for navigation. Five years ago, the first all digital navigation system was installed, in the USS Cape St. George (a cruiser). Called the Voyage Management System (VMS), this version used 29 CDs containing the 12,000 paper nautical charts that were stored in several large filing cabinets on the Cape St. George. The current version of VMS puts all the electronic charts on one high density DVD, or a portable hard drive. The navy has been working on VMS since the 1990s, and the first thing they...
  • GPS is getting an $8-billion upgrade

    05/23/2010 11:04:14 PM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 25 replies · 828+ views
    Los Angeles Times ^ | 5/23/2010 | W.J. Hennigan
    Without it, ATMs would stop spitting out cash, Wall Street could blunder billions of dollars in stock trades and clueless drivers would get lost. It's GPS, and it's everywhere. Although most people may associate the Global Positioning System with the navigation devices that are becoming standard equipment on new cars, GPS has become a nerve center for the 21st century rivaling the Internet — enabling cargo companies to track shipments, guiding firefighters to hot spots and even helping people find lost dogs. "It's a ubiquitous utility that everybody takes for granted now," said Bradford W. Parkinson. He should know. Three...
  • Course correction in carriers’ future

    05/23/2010 6:05:56 PM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 74 replies · 1,833+ views
    Sign On San Diego ^ | 5/23/2010 | Jeanette Steele
    On the bridge of the aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln, there’s a 20-year-old quartermaster with a No. 2 pencil, a compass and a big map unfurled on a table. In one of the ironies of America’s modern Navy, that map and that quartermaster are the official method of navigation for the $4 billion carrier and the 5,000 souls on board. Even as the Navy installs the most high-tech equipment on its carriers — including the San Diego-based Carl Vinson, which recently returned to the fleet after a four-year overhaul — none of the nation’s 11 flattops is certified to rely on...