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Keyword: nitrogen

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  • Ancient bubbles in Australian rocks show early Earth's air weighed less (trunc)

    05/11/2016 12:34:28 AM PDT · by blueplum · 39 replies
    The Telegraph UK ^ | 10 May 2016 04:37am | Chiara Palazzo, Sydney
    Full title: Ancient bubbles in Australian rocks show early Earth's air weighed less than half today's atmosphere Air bubbles trapped in 2.7 billion-year-old Australian rock suggest the Earth's atmosphere weighed less than half of today and was much thinner than previously thought. Researchers analysed the size of air bubbles that formed at the top and bottom of lava flows along the Beasley River in Western Australia's Pilbara region almost three billion years ago and used the data to calculate the atmospheric pressure at the time. The results suggest that the air at the time exerted at most half the pressure...
  • The Dawn of a New Form of Capital Punishment (Nitrogen)

    11/29/2015 6:03:09 PM PST · by Titus-Maximus · 68 replies
    Time Magazine ^ | April 2015 | Josh Sanborn
    Why Oklahoma became the first state to approve nitrogen gas as a lethal injection alternative In the weeks following the execution of Clayton Lockett, the Oklahoma death row inmate whose botched lethal injection triggered a statewide moratorium on executions, lawmakers there began rethinking their approach to capital punishment. Among the people they called on to help was Michael Copeland. Copeland is a criminal justice professor at East Central University, a public school with about 6,000 students in Ada, Okla. From 2010 to 2013, he was the director of the anti-fraud unit at the Oklahoma Insurance Department. Before that, he was...
  • Woman Left “Close to Death,” Forced to Have Stomach Removed After Drinking Shot (Liquid Nitrogen)

    09/18/2015 6:30:57 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 27 replies
    KFOR ^ | SEPTEMBER 18, 2015 | K. QUERRY
    A wine bar and bistro is being fined over 100,000 pounds for causing a woman severe injuries. According to the BBC, Gaby Scanlon was celebrating her 18th birthday at Oscar’s Wine Bar & Bistro in 2012. During the celebration, a bartender gave Scanlon a Nitro-Jagermeister, which contains liquid nitrogen. “I turned to the man and asked if it was okay to drink. He said, ‘Yes,” Scanlon testified in court. “Smoke was coming from my nose and mouth. Straight away, I knew something was not right. My stomach expanded.” She was immediately rushed to the hospital, where doctors say she was...
  • Researchers predict material with record-setting melting point [4,400 kelvins / 7,460°F]

    07/27/2015 10:36:43 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 45 replies ^ | 07-27-2015 | by Kevin Stacey & Provided by: Brown University
    Using powerful computer simulations, researchers from Brown University have identified a material with a higher melting point than any known substance. The computations, described in the journal Physical Review B (Rapid Communications), showed that a material made with just the right amounts of hafnium, nitrogen, and carbon would have a melting point of more than 4,400 kelvins (7,460 degrees Fahrenheit). That's about two-thirds the temperature at the surface of the sun, and 200 kelvins higher than the highest melting point ever recorded experimentally. The experimental record-holder is a substance made from the elements hafnium, tantalum, and carbon (Hf-Ta-C). But these...
  • New Horizons data suggests mountains of nitrogen ice on Pluto have evaporated

    07/18/2015 10:20:19 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 35 replies
    Baltimore Sun ^ | 7/17/15 | Scott Dance
    The latest data downloaded from NASA's New Horizons spacecraft suggests that mountains of nitrogen ice thousands of feet high have evaporated into Pluto's atmosphere since the dwarf planet formed 4.5 billion years ago, and hundreds of tons of that gas escape into space each hour. New images of Pluto meanwhile show land forms that suggest heat is rising beneath the surface, with troughs of dark matter either collecting or bubbling up between flat segments of crust. Scientists discussed the findings Friday in their second major release of data collected when the $700 million New Horizons mission made a historic pass...
  • NASA-funded company to produce oxygen on Mars using bacteria

    05/14/2015 6:01:33 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 14 replies
    The Indiana-based company has developed a "Mars room," which plays host to a test chamber capable of emulating the inhospitable conditions prevailing on the red planet. In the Mars room, Chief scientist Eugene Boland at Techshot Inc is exploring the potential of using ecosystem-building pioneer organisms such as bacteria or algae as oxygen factories. The organisms would use Mars' ample supply of regolith as fuel, and may even serve a dual purpose in removing nitrogen from the M ..
  • Oklahoma approves execution by nitrogen gas as a backup to lethal injections

    04/20/2015 5:37:18 AM PDT · by thackney · 31 replies
    The Verge ^ | April 18, 2015 | Lizzie Plaugic
    Yesterday, Oklahoma governor Mary Fallin signed into law a bill that approves the use of nitrogen gas for executions in the state. The method, which would effectively asphyxiate death row inmates by forcing them to breathe pure nitrogen through a gas mask, is meant to be the primary alternative to lethal injection, The Washington Post reports. Fallin and other supporters of the procedure say it's pain-free and effective, noting that the nitrogen would render inmates unconscious within ten seconds and kill them in minutes. It's also cheap: state representatives say the method only requires a nitrogen tank and a gas...
  • Nitrogen gas execution bill heading to Oklahoma governor

    04/09/2015 10:33:16 AM PDT · by Olog-hai · 49 replies
    Associated Press ^ | Apr 9, 2015 1:21 PM EDT | Sean Murphy
    Oklahoma is poised to become the first state in the nation to allow the use of nitrogen gas to execute inmates under a plan given final legislative approval on Thursday and now headed to the governor’s desk. Without a single dissenting vote, the Oklahoma Senate approved legislation that would allow the new method to be used if lethal injection is ruled unconstitutional or if the deadly drugs become unavailable. Republican Gov. Mary Fallin is a staunch supporter of the death penalty, but her spokesman declined to comment on the measure Thursday. Executions are on hold in Oklahoma while the U.S....
  • Nitrogen gas executions approved by Oklahoma House

    03/03/2015 11:13:33 AM PST · by E. Pluribus Unum · 60 replies ^ | 03/03/2015
    <p>OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — Oklahoma would become the first state to allow the execution of inmates using nitrogen gas under a bill that overwhelmingly passed the House of Representatives.</p> <p>The House voted 85-10 on Tuesday for the bill by Oklahoma City Republican Rep. Mike Christian, who described the method as humane, painless and easy to administer. There was no debate against the bill, which now heads to the Senate.</p>
  • Newfound Nitrogen Harmony Saves Tropical Forest Trees (article)

    11/05/2013 8:07:58 AM PST · by fishtank · 15 replies
    Institute for Creation Research ^ | 11-4-2013 | Brian Thomas
    Newfound Nitrogen Harmony Saves Tropical Forest Trees by Brian Thomas, M.S. * New research shows that tropical forests quickly recover after clear-cutting by using clever mechanisms to locate sufficient levels of nitrogen that they need to thrive. Publishing in the journal Nature, an international team of researchers representing Princeton University, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, the University of Copenhagen, and Yale University tracked tropical forest growth. They paid particular attention to the growth-rate patterns of "nitrogen-fixing" trees.1 (Nitrogen fixation is the process whereby atmospheric nitrogen is converted into more usable compounds.) Actually, the trees don't perform this "fixing" task alone...
  • Curiosity Rover Confirms Martian Air Is Mostly CO2

    07/18/2013 1:23:55 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 20 replies
    AP) ^ | July 18, 2013 11:28 AM
    There was a small surprise: Viking found nitrogen to be the second most abundant gas in the Martian air, but Curiosity’s measurements revealed a nearly equal abundance of nitrogen and argon, a stable noble gas. Mission scientists are puzzled, but suspect it might have to do with the different tools used to sample the atmosphere.
  • Teenager has stomach removed to save her life after drinking lethal liquid nitrogen cocktail

    10/07/2012 5:39:32 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 69 replies
    Mail on Sunday (UK) ^ | 17:54 EST, 7 October 2012 | Jill Reilly
    An 18-year-old woman has had her stomach removed to save her life after drinking a cocktail containing liquid nitrogen. Gabby Scanlan had been drinking at Oscars wine bar in Lancaster to celebrate her 18th birthday when she was left feeling breathless. After developing serious stomach pain, she was rushed to Lancaster Royal Infirmary where she diagnosed with a perforated stomach. The young woman, from the village of Heysham in Lancashire, then underwent emergency surgery to remove her stomach, reported ITV News. … Liquid nitrogen is pure nitrogen in a liquid state at a very low temperature. It boils at –196°C...
  • Death penalty foes' self-fulfilling prophecies

    07/17/2011 9:59:28 PM PDT · by SmithL · 17 replies · 1+ views
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | 7/17/11 | Debra J. Saunders
    State Sen. Loni Hancock, D-Berkeley, is pushing legislation to end California's death penalty. "Capital punishment is an expensive failure and an example of the dysfunction of our prisons," she explained in a statement. "California's Death Row is the largest and most costly in the United States. It is not helping to protect our state; it is helping to bankrupt us." You have to hand this to death-penalty opponents: For decades, capital punishment opponents have tried to thwart California's 1978 death-penalty law with frivolous appeals that clog courts, delay punishment and burn through taxpayers' dollars. They now have been so successful...
  • Japan: TEPCO ready to inject nitrogen into No.2 reactor

    06/27/2011 8:41:08 AM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 6 replies
    NHK ^ | 06/26/11
    TEPCO ready to inject nitrogen into No.2 reactor Tokyo Electric Power Company is ready to inject nitrogen into the containment vessel of the Number 2 reactor at its Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant to prevent hydrogen blasts. The company says it will monitor radiation levels around the compound more closely as the nitrogen may force out tiny amounts of gas containing radioactive substances. Work is underway at the damaged nuclear plant to decontaminate water and inject it back into the reactor for cooling. But if the reactors are cooled to a stable level, less moisture will be produced, raising the ratio...
  • [Japan] URGENT: Gov't eyes injecting nitrogen into reactor vessels to prevent blasts

    04/01/2011 7:13:00 AM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 157 replies
    Kyodo News ^ | 04/01/11
    URGENT: Gov't eyes injecting nitrogen into reactor vessels to prevent blasts TOKYO, April 1, Kyodo The government and Tokyo Electric Power Co. are considering injecting nitrogen into containment vessels of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant's reactors to prevent hydrogen explosions, government sources said Friday. ==Kyodo
  • Global Warming Consensus Narrows &#8211; Still Misleading

    01/22/2009 7:24:13 AM PST · by RogerFGay · 28 replies · 1,783+ views ^ | January 22, 2009 | Roger F. Gay
    Earth and Environmental Scientist Peter Doran recently surveyed 3,146 scientists in an effort to clarify the “scientific consensus” on global warming. Professor Doran has previously complained that his study revealing cooling in the Antarctic had been misinterpreted, causing confusion in the global warming debate. Here we go again.
  • Researchers Warn of Nitrogen Hazard to Environment

    05/16/2008 11:44:36 AM PDT · by anymouse · 35 replies · 105+ views
    Associated Press ^ | May 15, 2008
    While carbon dioxide has been getting lots of publicity in climate change, reactive forms of nitrogen are also building up in the environment, scientists warn. "The public does not yet know much about nitrogen, but in many ways it is as big an issue as carbon, and due to the interactions of nitrogen and carbon, makes the challenge of providing food and energy to the world's peoples without harming the global environment a tremendous challenge," University of Virginia environmental sciences professor James Galloway said in a statement. "We are accumulating reactive nitrogen in the environment at alarming rates, and this...
  • Threat Matrix: December 2007

    12/01/2007 8:47:13 PM PST · by nwctwx · 1,428 replies · 7,285+ views
    Calculating the Risks in Pakistan A small group of U.S. military experts and intelligence officials convened in Washington for a classified war game last year, exploring strategies for securing Pakistan's nuclear arsenal if the country's political institutions and military safeguards began to fall apart. The secret exercise — conducted without official sponsorship from any government agency, apparently due to the sensitivity of its subject — was one of several such games the U.S. government has conducted in recent years examining various options and scenarios for Pakistan's nuclear weapons: How many troops might be required for a military intervention in...
  • The Nitrogen The Vikings Left Behind

    09/11/2006 2:55:50 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 914+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 9-11-2006
    nitrogen the Vikings left behind 11 September 2006 From New Scientist Print Edition. Discovering ancient settlements is often rather hit and miss, but the odds would be improved with a bit of chemical analysis. Plants growing over old sites of human habitation have a different chemistry from their neighbours, and these differences can reveal the location buried ruins. Plants mostly take in nitrogen from the soil as the isotope nitrogen-14, with just a dash of nitrogen-15. Plants growing above archaeological sites in Greenland, however, seem to have absorbed a larger dose of nitrogen-15. Rob Commisso and Erle Nelson from...
  • Airing out high gasoline prices [nitrogen instead of air in tires]

    08/02/2006 9:45:05 AM PDT · by newgeezer · 102 replies · 4,359+ views
    Bay News 9 ^ | Wednesday, August 2, 2006
    As prices at the pump continue to rise, drivers are always looking for new solutions for savings. The use of nitrogen is rising in popularity in the Bay area and costs less than a tank of gas. "Fuel savings for an automobile is the highest priority right now, I think," Olin Mott Tires President Rick Mott said. "One of the advantages of nitrogen, of course, is the fuel savings." Race car drivers and airlines have been using it for decades and so are an estimated 10 percent of tire shops around the country. Auto experts said nitrogen is retained in...
  • Ocean bug has 'smallest genome'

    08/19/2005 9:44:18 AM PDT · by LibWhacker · 52 replies · 2,439+ views
    BBC ^ | 8/19/05 | Roland Pease
    Small but perfectly formed, Pelagibacter ubique is a lean machine stripped down to the bare essentials for life.Humans have around 30,000 genes that determine everything from our eye colour to our sex but Pelagibacter has just 1,354, US biologists report in the journal Science. What is more, Pelagibacter has none of the genetic clutter that most genomes have accumulated over time. There are no duplicate gene copies, no viral genes, and no junk DNA. 'Chicken soup'The spareness of its genome is related to its frugal lifestyle. The shorter the length of DNA that needs to be copied each generation, the...
  • Nitrogen in the air feeds the oceans (i.e. No to Kyoto alert)

    08/13/2005 1:29:18 AM PDT · by AdmSmith · 17 replies · 801+ views
    University of Southern California ^ | 10-Aug-2005 | Carl Marziali
    A USC oceanographer's long-term study shows that the marine food chain depends in large part on atmospheric nitrogen. The finding also demonstrates the oceans' massive absorption of greenhouse gas. A decade-long USC study has written the ending to a long-standing mystery: Where do marine organisms in the tropical oceans get the nitrogen they need to grow? In the process, the study also may help to explain how tons of carbon dioxide disappear into the ocean every day, slowing the progress of global warming. Nitrogen is a building block of life and an essential nutrient for phytoplankton and other aquatic life....
  • Cicada infestations boost nutrients for forests

    11/25/2004 8:43:54 PM PST · by Fatalis · 4 replies · 350+ views
    CBC News Online ^ | 11/25/2004
    WASHINGTON - Insects that emerge every 17 years in the eastern United States provide valuable nutrients to forest ecosystems when they die, an ecologist says. The Brood X cicadas emerge from their burrows on a regular cycle, sing to attract a mate and lay eggs before dying on the forest floor. Cicadas cling to a leaf after crawling their way above ground(AP Photo) Last spring, the insects swarmed forests, raising concerns about their effects on the ecosystem. Scientists had noticed forests tended to have higher levels of the nutrient nitrogen in their leaves after cicadas emerged and tree growth tended...
  • Mary Had a Little Lamb -- and It Ate Nitrogen [Company makes food for sheep from spent munitions]

    07/11/2003 1:12:56 PM PDT · by yonif · 7 replies · 205+ views
    Yahoo! News ^ | Fri Jul 11, 9:45 AM ET | Reuters
    SANTA FE, N.M. (Reuters) - Mary had a little lamb; It's fleece was white as snow; And every time the lamb got fed; It gobbled up its nitro. Shaboom the sheep's favorite meal consists of animal feed made from nitrogen-based chemicals and other dismantled gun propellants -- one of the more creative uses Albuquerque company TPL Inc. is finding for unwanted military munitions. Shaboom, named after the comic book phrase for an explosion, was the "guinea-sheep" for TPL's experiment with feed made from spent munitions, and found it delicious. "I referred to Shaboom as the world's second most famous sheep...
  • Scientists Urge Improved Nitrogen Management

    02/24/2003 9:23:46 AM PST · by cogitator · 29 replies · 336+ views
    Environmental News Service ^ | February 17, 2003
    Scientists Urge Improved Nitrogen Management DENVER, Colorado, February 17, 2003 (ENS) - New strategies and opportunities for improved nitrogen management must be developed in order to meet future needs and preserve the environment, according to scientists at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) being held in Denver through Tuesday. "Given the critical need for nitrogen in food production and the sequential nature of the effects of too much nitrogen, it is imperative that strategies be developed to optimize nitrogen management in food and energy production and in environmental protection," James Galloway of...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day 9-05-02

    09/05/2002 5:35:24 AM PDT · by petuniasevan · 5 replies · 221+ views
    NASA ^ | 9-05-02 | Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell
    Astronomy Picture of the Day Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2002 September 5 Voyager Views Titan's HazeCredit: Voyager Project, JPL, NASA Explanation: Launched in 1977, 25 years ago today, the Voyager 1 spacecraft's historic tour of the outer Solar System took it past Saturn in late 1980. On November 12, 1980, Voyager 1 recorded this view looking across the edge of Titan, Saturn's largest moon, from a distance of about 22,000 kilometers. Seen in false color, the moon's...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day 9-04-02

    09/04/2002 5:07:21 AM PDT · by petuniasevan · 39 replies · 353+ views
    NASA ^ | 9-04-02 | Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell
    Astronomy Picture of the Day Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2002 September 4 Halo of the Cat's Eye Credit: R. Corradi (Isaac Newton Group), D. Goncalves (Inst. Astrofisica de Canarias) Explanation: The Cat's Eye Nebula (NGC 6543) is one of the best known planetary nebulae in the sky. Its haunting symmetries are seen in the very central region of this stunning false-color picture, processed to reveal the enormous but extremely faint halo of gaseous material, over three light-years...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day 6-15-02

    06/15/2002 5:33:00 AM PDT · by petuniasevan · 12 replies · 418+ views
    NASA ^ | 6-15-02 | Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell
    Astronomy Picture of the Day Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2002 June 15 MyCn18: An Hourglass Nebula Credit: R. Sahai and J. Trauger (JPL), WFPC2, HST, NASA Explanation: The sands of time are running out for the central star of this hourglass-shaped planetary nebula. With its nuclear fuel exhausted, this brief, spectacular, closing phase of a Sun-like star's life occurs as its outer layers are ejected - its core becoming a cooling, fading white dwarf. In 1995, astronomers...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day 5-12-02

    05/11/2002 9:31:53 PM PDT · by petuniasevan · 10 replies · 242+ views
    NASA ^ | 5-12-02 | Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell
    Astronomy Picture of the Day Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer. 2002 May 12 At the Edge of the Helix Nebula Credit: R. O'Dell and K. Handron (Rice University), NASA Explanation: While exploring the inner edge of the Helix Nebula with the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, astronomers were able to produce this striking image - rich in details of an exotic environment. This planetary nebula, created near the final phase of a sun-like star's life,...