Keyword: otzi

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  • The Iceman's Stomach Bugs Offer Clues to Ancient Human Migration

    01/07/2016 7:00:24 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 25 replies
    smithsonianmag ^ | 01/07/2016 | Brian Handwerk
    Otzi the legendary “Iceman” wasn't alone when he was mummified on a glacier 5,300 years ago. With him were gut microbes known to cause some serious tummy trouble. These bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, are providing fresh evidence about Otzi's diet and poor health in the days leading up to his murder. Intriguingly, they could also help scientists better understand who his people were and how they came to live in the region. ... Discovered in the 1990s, Otzi lived in what are today the Eastern Italian Alps, where he was naturally mummified by ice after his violent death. The body is...
  • Anthropologists Have Mapped All 61 Tattoos On tzi The Iceman

    01/29/2015 7:56:36 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 79 replies
    By using an innovative non-invasive photographic technique, European researchers have managed to locate and map the extensive set of tattoos on the exquisitely preserved remains of tzi the Iceman. Remarkably, they even found a previously unknown tattoo on his ribcage. tzi's frozen remains were discovered by two German tourists in the tzal Alps on the border between Austria and Italy in 1991. He lived around 3,300 BCE and represents Europe's oldest natural human mummy. Because he was so well preserved in ice, he has provided anthropologists with a slew of information about Copper Age (or Chalcolithic) humans. ... It's worth...
  • Scan finds new tattoos on 5300-year-old Iceman

    01/24/2015 3:22:29 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    redOrbit ^ | January 22, 2015 | Aaron Deter-Wolf
    A new study has used advanced imaging techniques to identify previously unknown tattoos on the ribcage of the 5300-year old man known as tzi, bringing his total number of tattoos to 61... Thanks to more than two decades of analysis, scientists arguably know more about tzi's health and final days than those of any other ancient human. He died at around 45 years of age after being shot in the back with a stone-tipped arrow and bludgeoned. In the 12 hours preceding his death he climbed into the mountains from an Italian valley, and ate a last meal consisting of...
  • 'Iceman' was murdered, science sleuths say

    08/12/2003 9:37:09 AM PDT · by presidio9 · 95 replies · 1,146+ views
    USA Today ^ | 8/11/2003 | Tim Friend
    <p>The 5,300-year-old "Iceman" discovered in 1991 in the Italian Alps was killed by one or more assailants in a fight that lasted at least two days, shows evidence obtained by sophisticated DNA testing and old-fashioned detective work.</p> <p>Scientists initially presumed that the Stone Age Iceman, nicknamed Otzi, was caught in a storm and froze to death. But a new team said Monday that Otzi's case instead has become the world's oldest, and coldest, murder case.</p>
  • DNA reveals how the Italian Iceman went down fighting

    08/12/2003 1:49:37 PM PDT · by Pokey78 · 27 replies · 571+ views
    The Independent (U.K.) ^ | 08/13/03 | Peter Popham
    Italy's prehistoric Iceman was murdered by an arrow in the back, despite the efforts of a companion to save him. But although he apparently died fleeing from a skirmish, he did not give up without a fight. He bore traces of the blood of four other men on his weapons and clothes, three of whom he had killed or wounded. These are among the startling findings of Dr Tom Loy of Queensland University in Brisbane, Australia, published this week after analysis of blood traces found on the 5,300-year- old mummy, which was dug out of the Alpine ice 12 years...
  • Italy's 5,000-Year-Old Iceman Put Up a Fight [DNA of 4 foes, venison and ibex his final meal]

    08/14/2003 6:39:27 PM PDT · by SJackson · 33 replies · 966+ views
    Reuters/Yahoo ^ | 8-11-03 | Shasta Darlington
    ROME (Reuters) - A prehistoric Italian iceman nicknamed "Otzi" may have been shot in the back with an arrow, but he only died after prolonged combat with his foes, new DNA evidence has shown. Reuters Photo Missed Tech Tuesday? Check out the powerful new PDA crop, plus the best buys for any budget The 5,000-year-old corpse, dug out of a glacier in northern Italy more than a decade ago, had traces of blood from four different people on his clothes and weapons, molecular archeologist Tom Loy said Wednesday. He also had "defensive cut wounds" on his hands, wrists and rib...
  • Iceman Found in Italy Didn't Wander Far

    10/30/2003 1:22:40 PM PST · by Junior · 40 replies · 567+ views
    AP-Science ^ | 2003-10-30 | RANDOLPH E. SCHMID
    WASHINGTON - The mysterious 5,200-year-old iceman found in an Alpine glacier was born in a valley in what is now northern Italy and didn't travel far from home, an international team of researchers has concluded. Indeed, the iceman, known as Oetzi, probably spent his whole life within about 37 miles of the spot near the Italy-Austria border where he was found frozen, according to the team led by Wolfgang Mueller of the Australian National University in Canberra. Their findings are being reported Friday in the journal Science. A group of hikers discovered Oetzi's well-preserved body in 1991; since then, he...
  • Iceman's bones lead scientists to his home turf

    10/31/2003 9:30:13 AM PST · by inPhase · 7 replies · 345+ views
    The Age ^ | Nov 1, 2003 | Lucy Beaumont
    Iceman's bones lead scientists to his home turf By Lucy Beaumont November 1, 2003 Printer friendly version Print this article Email to a friend Email to a friend The Iceman lived and died in a small area of northern Italy, scientists have deduced from analysis of his tooth enamel and bone samples. The home turf of a man who died 5200 years ago has been located by a team of scientists, including Australians, who analysed his teeth, bones and intestines. Examination of the famed "Iceman", whose frozen remains were found in a glacier on the Italian-Austrian border in 1991, has...
  • Was Ancient Alpine "Iceman" Killed in Battle?

    11/02/2003 8:24:38 PM PST · by SteveH · 14 replies · 532+ views
    Was Ancient Alpine "Iceman" Killed in Battle? Sarah Ives for National Geographic News October 30, 2003 In 1991, two Germans hiking in the Alps of northern Italy discovered the 5,200-year-old remains of a Copper Age man frozen in a glacier. The well-preserved corpse, dubbed "tzi the Iceman," was found with tools, arrows, and a knife. Since then, scientists have speculated about how the 46-year-old male died, offering scenarios from hypothermia to ritual sacrifice. Now a team of researchers has added another theory to the mix, suggesting that the Iceman died in battle. The "Iceman" made a valiant effort to fight...
  • Death Renews Iceman 'Curse' Claim (Oetzi)

    11/05/2005 3:47:36 PM PST · by blam · 29 replies · 1,027+ views
    BBC ^ | 11-3-2005
    Death renews iceman 'curse' claim Should working with Oetzi carry a health warning? The death of a molecular biologist has fuelled renewed speculation about a "curse" connected to an ancient corpse. Tom Loy, 63, had analysed DNA found on "Oetzi", the Stone Age hunter whose remains were discovered in 1991. Dr Loy died in unclear circumstances in Australia two weeks ago, it has been announced, making him the seventh person connected with Oetzi to die. Colleagues and family of Dr Loy have rejected the notion that he was the victim of a "curse". It is not known how many people...
  • 'Iceman' discoverer joins his find in Alpine grave

    10/23/2004 7:26:02 PM PDT · by aculeus · 14 replies · 1,209+ views
    The Observer (UK) ^ | October 24, 2004 | Sophie Arie in Rome
    For 13 years, mountaineer Helmut Simon had basked in the glory of his unique encounter with history. In 1991, the 67-year-old German discovered Otzi the Iceman, the perfectly preserved body of a Neolithic hunter, emerging from the Similaun glacier, 3,200m (10,500ft) up the Austrian Alps. Wherever he went in his beloved Alps, Simon wore a badge identifying himself as 'Discoverer of Otzi'. But yesterday, Simon's body was found in a stream in these same mountains. On 15 October, the pensioner departed alone from the village of Bad Hofgastein, near Salzburg, up the 2,134m (7,000ft) Gamskarkogel peak. His wife, Erika, who...
  • Finder of Tyrol "Iceman" missing in Alps

    10/18/2004 10:22:51 AM PDT · by 11th_VA · 33 replies · 1,378+ views
    Reuters ^ | Mon 18 October, 2004 12:00
    VIENNA (Reuters) - The man who 13 years ago found the frozen remains of a prehistoric iceman in an Alpine glacier has disappeared in the snow-covered Alps with little hope of being found. A member of the mountain rescue team at Bad Hofgastein in Austria told Reuters on Monday that Helmut Simon, the German man who found the 5,300-year-old mummified body while hiking on the border of Austria and Italy in 1991 has been missing for three days. "There's a lot of snow up there," the rescuer, who did not want to be named, said about the 2,467-metre (8,000-ft) Garmskarkogel...
  • Iceman (Oetzi) Discoverer Claims Reward

    12/22/2003 9:56:12 AM PST · by blam · 11 replies · 397+ views
    BBC ^ | 12-22-2003 | Bethany Bell
    Iceman discoverer claims reward By Bethany Bell BBC correspondent in Bolzan Bones of contention: How much is Oetzi worth? A German man who in 1991 discovered the 5,300-year-old iceman, Oetzi, in the Alps is now demanding up to $250,000 as a finder's reward. The provincial government of Bolzano in northern Italy, where Oetzi is a star tourist attraction, says it is considering its response. The iceman was found in the Oetztal valley on the Austrian-Italian border by Helmut Simon and his wife Erika. At first the couple thought it was a mountaineer who had had an accident. It turned out...
  • After 5,000 Years, the Mystery Of Fritz Just Won't End

    02/03/2004 5:55:32 AM PST · by presidio9 · 22 replies · 808+ views
    <p>BOLZANO, South Tyrol -- One spring day in about 3300 B.C., a bearded, 5-foot-3, middle-age man in a bearskin cap was traversing the Tyrolean Alps when a flint arrowhead pierced his fur pelt and bore into his back. He bled to death in the snow.</p>
  • Alpine Iceman (Oetzi) Reveals Stone Age Secrets

    02/17/2005 11:46:50 AM PST · by blam · 53 replies · 2,310+ views ^ | 2-17-2005 | Sophie Hardach
    February 17, 2005 4:30 AM Alpine iceman reveals Stone Age secrets By Sophie Hardach BOLZANO, Italy (Reuters) - Some 5,300 years after his violent death, a Stone Age man found frozen in the Alps is slowly revealing his secrets to a global team of scientists. But despite more than a decade of high-tech efforts by geneticists, botanists and engineers many questions about his life and death remain unsolved. And rumours of a deadly curse on those who found him continue to swirl. German amateur mountaineer Helmut Simon and his wife spotted Oetzi, as he became known, in the mountains between...
  • Theory: Iceman Oetzi Wore High-Tech Shoes

    03/02/2005 9:53:42 AM PST · by blam · 31 replies · 1,445+ views
    Discovery ^ | 2-23-2005 | Jennifer Viegas
    Theory: Iceman Oetzi Wore High-Tech Shoes By Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News Feb. 23, 2005 tzi, the copper ax-wielding iceman found frozen in the Alps where he had trekked over 5,300 years ago, wore high-tech snowshoes, according to a closer look at artifacts found with his remains. If the new theory holds, tzi's footwear would become the world's first known snowshoes, and in a landslide victory. The current likely record-holders are not even actual shoes, but rather carvings of what look to be snowshoes found within Iron Age petroglyphs that date to approximately 500 B.C. tzi's Moccasin? The Shoe from...
  • 'Iceman' (Oetzi) Might Be Contaminated

    06/14/2005 12:05:33 PM PDT · by blam · 38 replies · 1,206+ views
    MSNBC ^ | 6-14-2005
    A researcher inspects the 5,000-year-old mummy known as Oetzi in this file photo from 2000. Oetzi is kept in a sealed-off chamber which researchers now worry may have been penetrated. Updated: 10:02 p.m. ET June 13, 2005ROME - Researchers suspect the corpse of a 5,000-year-old mummy frozen in the Italian Alps might have been contaminated by bacteria since its discovery in 1991, a doctor who cares for the body said Monday.
  • Infertility link in iceman's DNA

    02/03/2006 12:16:35 PM PST · by Red Badger · 49 replies · 1,270+ views
    BBC ^ | 2/3/2006 | By Rebecca Morelle BBC News science reporter
    Oetzi, the prehistoric man frozen in a glacier for 5,300 years, could have been infertile, a new study suggests. Genetic research, published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, also confirms that his roots probably lie in Central Europe. Oetzi's body was found in the melting ice of the Schnalstal glacier in the Italian Alps in 1991. Examination of his remains has already revealed the Copper Age man almost certainly died as a result of a fight. The assessment is based on the presence of an arrowhead that is lodged in his back and extensive cuts to his hands. The...
  • Alpine ice man may have been childless outcast

    02/03/2006 6:43:25 PM PST · by presidio9 · 66 replies · 1,609+ views
    Reuters ^ | Fri Feb 3, 2006 | Sophie Hardach
    Stone Age man found frozen in the Alps some 5,300 years after he was murdered under mysterious circumstances may have been a childless social outcast, a new study showed. Italian anthropologist Franco Rollo studied fragments of the DNA belonging to Oetzi, as the mummy has come to be known, and found two typical mutations common among men with reduced sperm mobility, the museum that stores the "iceman" said. A high percentage of men with such a condition are sterile. "Insofar as the 'iceman' was found to possess both mutations, the possibility that he was unable to father offspring cannot be...
  • Tattoos - The Ancient And Mysterious History

    01/03/2007 3:20:58 PM PST · by blam · 14 replies · 1,040+ views
    Smothsonian Magazine ^ | 1-3-2007 | Cate Lineberry
    Tattoos - The Ancient and Mysterious History By Cate Lineberry Humans have marked their bodies with tattoos for thousands of years. These permanent designssometimes plain, sometimes elaborate, always personalhave served as amulets, status symbols, declarations of love, signs of religious beliefs, adornments and even forms of punishment. Joann Fletcher, research fellow in the department of archaeology at the University of York in Britain, describes the history of tattoos and their cultural significance to people around the world, from the famous " Iceman," a 5,200-year-old frozen mummy, to todays Maori. What is the earliest evidence of tattoos? In terms of tattoos...
  • Scientists say 'Iceman' died from arrow

    06/07/2007 10:57:15 AM PDT · by presidio9 · 55 replies · 1,810+ views
    Associated Press ^ | 6/6/7 | FRANK JORDANS
    A prehistoric hunter known as Oetzi whose well-preserved body was found on a snow-covered mountain in the Alps died more than 5,000 years ago after being struck in the back by an arrow, scientists said in an article published Wednesday. Researchers from Switzerland and Italy used newly developed medical scanners to examine the hunter's frozen corpse to determine that the arrow had torn a hole in an artery beneath his left collarbone, leading to a massive loss of blood. That, in turn, caused Oetzi to go into shock and suffer a heart attack, according to the article published online in...
  • Researcher's Say Italy's 5,000-Year-Old Iceman Died From Head Trauma, Not Arrow (Oetzi)

    08/29/2007 9:26:19 AM PDT · by blam · 90 replies · 1,750+ views
    IHT ^ | 8-28-2007
    Researchers say Italy's 5,000-year-old Iceman died from head trauma, not arrow The Associated PressPublished: August 28, 2007 ROME, Italy: Researchers studying Iceman, the 5,000-year-old mummy found frozen in the Italian Alps, have come up with a new theory for how he died, saying he died from head trauma, not by bleeding to death from an arrow. Just two months ago, researchers in Switzerland published an article in the Journal of Archaeological Science saying the mummy also known as Oetzi had died after the arrow tore a hole in an artery beneath his left collarbone, leading to massive loss...
  • Alpine Guardians Try To Put Treasures On Ice

    04/17/2008 2:09:56 PM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 71+ views
    The Times Online ^ | 4-17-2008 | Richard Owen
    Alpine guardians try to put treasures on ice Richard OwenApril 17, 2008 Prehistoric treasures unearthed in the Alps as melting glaciers recede are under threat from looters who are removing many of them. Such is the concern for the newly revealed objects - which include weapons, clothing and tools - that a task force of archaeologists, anthropologists, mountain climbers and Alpine rescue teams has been formed in an attempt to salvage them. Franco Nicolis, an archaeologist from Trento, said: We must be ready to intervene as if we were dealing with a public calamity. He said that mountain climbers and...
  • Iceman's 'Girlfriend' Found [ Lady of Introd ]

    07/25/2011 3:49:54 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 75 replies
    Discovery News ^ | Wednesday, July 20, 2011 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Italian workers building an addition to a kindergarten have unearthed a well preserved female skeleton who might be relatively contemporaneous with tzi, the Iceman mummy discovered 20 years ago in a melting glacier in South Tyrol. The "Lady of Introd" or "tzi's girlfriend," as the skeleton was nicknamed in Italy, was found in the tiny Alpine village of Introd, in the Val d'Aosta, famous to be the preferred vacationing spot for both Pope John II and his successor Benedict XVI. According to archaeologists and anthropologists, the woman has been lying on her right side, with her head facing west, for...
  • Ice Mummy May Have Smashed Eye in Fall

    12/05/2011 9:11:10 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Discovery News ^ | Monday, December 21, 2011 | Emily Sohn
    The official opinion remains that an arrow in his left shoulder was the cause of death for tzi. But the new study raises the possibility -- for some, at least -- that he fell over after being shot by an arrow. And, at higher than 10,000 feet in elevation, his alpine fall may have made the situation much worse. "Maybe he fell down or maybe he had a fight up there, nobody knows," said Wolfgang Recheis, a physicist in the radiology department at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. "With this cut alone, at 3,250 meters, it would have been...
  • Living Relatives Of Iceman Mummy Found (tzi, 5,300 Years Old)

    10/14/2013 9:09:02 PM PDT · by blam · 18 replies
    Fox News ^ | 10-14-2013 | Rossella Lorenzi
    Living Relatives Of Iceman Mummy Found By Rossella Lorenzi/ Published October 14, 2013/ Discovery News A reconstruction of Otzi the Iceman -- a remarkably well preserved 5,300-year-old mummy sometimes lovingly called "Frozen Frit" -- created by Dutch forensic experts. (HEIKE ENGEL-21LUX / SDTIROLER ARCHOLOGIEMUSEUM / NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC DEUTSCHLAND) tzi the Iceman has at least 19 living male relatives in the Austrian Tirol, according to a genetic study into the origins of the people who now inhabit the region. Scientists from the Institute of Legal Medicine at Innsbruck Medical University analyzed DNA samples taken from 3,700 blood donors in the Tyrol...
  • Prehistoric Disaster: An Alpine Pompeii from the Stone Age

    10/11/2008 1:51:16 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies · 1,363+ views
    Der Spiegel ^ | Friday, October 10, 2008 | Matthias Schulz
    The people of the Mondsee Lake settlement were apparently relatively advanced within this cultural group. They had metallurgical skills, which were rare in Europe. They cleverly searched the mountains for copper deposits, melted the crude ore in clay ovens and made refined, shimmering red weapons out of the metal. In dugout canoes... they paddled along the region's river networks and sold their goods in areas of present-day Switzerland and to their relatives on Lake Constance. Even Otzi the Iceman had an axe, made of so-called Mondsee copper. At approximately 3200 B.C., says Binsteiner, the master blacksmiths were struck by a...
  • Pile village fortification found on Lake Biel [3,200 BC]

    05/15/2009 7:03:22 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies · 549+ views ^ | Friday, May 15, 2009 | agencies
    Archaeologists in canton Bern have discovered a village built on piles at Lake Biel with an impressive defensive fortification dating back to around 3,200 BC. Such villages from this period are new to researchers; in the lake archaeology of central Europe they have only been found dating from 1,500 years later. A statement from the authorities in canton Bern on Friday said that the find shed new light on the social behaviour of the local people at that time. It meant that they were not always peaceful. The researchers note that no fewer than seven pile villages have been found...
  • Scientists believe 5,300-year-old mummified 'ice man' belonged to unknown branch of human fam. tree

    10/31/2008 10:15:15 AM PDT · by BGHater · 22 replies · 1,133+ views
    Daily Mail ^ | 31 Oct 2008 | Daily Mail
    A 5,300-year-old mummified 'ice man' unearthed in the Alps belonged to a previously unknown branch of the human family tree, scientists have discovered. No trace of the lineage appears to remain today, meaning that the 'ice man' - dubbed 'Oetzi' - is unlikely to have any descendants. Oetzi's mummified remains were found in September 1991 in the Eastern Alps near the Austro-Italian border. The 5,300-year-old remains of Oetzi the iceman. Scientists have failed to trace his lineage, fearing his family may have become extinct He was about 46 years old when he met his violent death. Examinations revealed that he...
  • Iceman Oetzi's Last Supper

    12/01/2008 6:05:44 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies · 756+ views
    ScienceDaily ^ | Monday, December 1, 2008 | adapted from Dickson et al
    From the analysis of the intestinal contents of the 5,200-year-old Iceman from the Eastern Alps, Professor James Dickson from the University of Glasgow in the UK and his team have shed some light on the mummy's lifestyle and some of the events leading up to his death. By identifying six different mosses in his alimentary tract, they suggest that the Iceman may have travelled, injured himself and dressed his wounds. The Iceman is the first glacier mummy to have fragments of mosses in his intestine. This is surprising as mosses are neither palatable nor nutritious and there are few reports...
  • Doctors prove that the Iceman was shot to death in the Alps [ Oetzi ]

    01/28/2009 7:00:56 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 78 replies · 1,804+ views
    Earth Times ^ | Wednesday, January 28, 2009 | DPA
    Doctors who studied the Iceman, a mummified Stone Age hunter found in Italy in 1991, announced conclusive proof Wednesday that he was shot to death with a flint-tipped arrow rather than dying of exposure as once thought. "He only lived for a short time after the arrow impact," said Andreas Nerlich, who headed a joint study by Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich and experts from Bolzano, Italy. Shortly before he was shot in the back, the Iceman suffered a non-lethal blow with a blunt object, possibly a stone from a slingshot, Nerlich's team said in a letter to the online...
  • Nanostructure of 5,000-year-old mummy skin reveals insight into mummification process [Oetzi]

    04/22/2010 9:04:16 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies · 479+ views
    PhyOrg ^ | April 20, 2010 | Lisa Zyga
    sing cutting-edge microscopy techniques, researchers have gained insight into how human mummies can be extremely well-preserved for thousands of years. A team of scientists from Germany and Italy has investigated skin samples from Europe's oldest natural mummy, the 5,300-year-old "Iceman" who was buried in a glacier shortly after death in the Otzal Alps between Italy and Austria. The researchers found that the underlying structure of the mummy's skin is largely unaltered compared with the skin of a modern living human, likely maintaining its protective function due to dehydration... Since the Iceman's discovery, investigations using optical and scanning electron microscopes have...
  • Oetzi, the Iceman, was ceremonially buried: archaeologist

    08/27/2010 7:04:38 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    PhysOrg ^ | August 26, 2010 | AFP
    The 5,300-year-old "Iceman", may not have died at the site in the Italian Alps where he was found 19 years ago, but was only ceremonially buried there, according to a new theory revealed on Thursday. Oetzi, the 5,300-year-old "Iceman", may not have died at the site in the Italian Alps where he was found 19 years ago, but was only ceremonially buried there, according to a new theory revealed on Thursday. Until now, archaeologists thought Oetzi, whose mummified corpse was discovered in a high mountain pass in the Oetztal Alps in 1991, died at that spot from wounds he had...
  • Iceman Oetzi gets a new face for 20th anniversary

    02/21/2011 1:04:20 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    Google News ^ | February 16, 2011 | AFP
    As part of a new exhibit at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano (, two Dutch experts -- Alfons and Adrie Kennis -- have made a new model of the living Oetzi, this time with brown eyes. Indeed, recent research has shown the Iceman, now approaching the tender age of 5,300 years, did not have blue eyes as previously believed. The Kennis model was created based on three-dimensional images of the mummy's skeleton as well as the latest forensic technology, and will go on display on March 1 until January 15, 2012.
  • The Iceman's Last Meal

    06/20/2011 5:57:50 PM PDT · by Fractal Trader · 25 replies
    ScienceNOW Daily News ^ | 20 June 2011 | Heather Pringle
    Less than 2 hours before he hiked his last steps in the Tyrolean Alps 5000 years ago, tzi the Iceman fueled up on a last meal of ibex meat. That was the conclusion of a talk here last week at the 7th World Congress on Mummy Studies, during which researchersarmed with tzi's newly sequenced genome and a detailed dental analysisalso concluded that the Iceman had brown eyes and probably wasn't much of a tooth brusher. The Iceman, discovered in the Italian Alps in 1991 some 5200 years after his death, has been a gold mine of information about Neolithic life,...
  • Scientists finally determine iceman Otzi's last meal [Ice Man]

    06/22/2011 8:07:21 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 38 replies ^ | June 22, 2011 | by Deborah Braconnier
    In a presentation at the Seventh World Congress on Mummy Studies, researchers from the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman revealed that they had finally located the iceman known as Otzis stomach and determined his last meal. They were also able to successfully sequence his entire genome. Researchers from the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman in Italy divided the presentation into three different topics. The first part of the presentation was given by microbiologist Frank Maixner. He had recently examined old tomography scans taken of Otzi back in 2005 and was able to finally locate the stomach which was...
  • Iceman's Stomach SampledFilled With Goat Meat

    06/28/2011 8:44:47 AM PDT · by JoeProBono · 44 replies
    news.nationalgeographic ^ | June 23, 2011 | Ker Than
    Hours before he died, "tzi" the Iceman gorged on the fatty meat of a wild goat, according to a new analysis of the famous mummy's stomach contents. The frozen body of the Copper Age hunter was discovered in 1991 in the Alps of northern Italy, where he died some 5,000 years ago. The circumstances surrounding tzi's death are not fully known, but the most popular theorybased in part on the discovery of an arrowhead in his backis that he was murdered by other hunters while fleeing through the mountains. Scientists previously analyzed the contents of tzi's lower intestine and determined...
  • Iceman Autopsy

    10/29/2011 4:22:00 AM PDT · by Renfield · 31 replies
    National Geographic ^ | 11-2011 | Stephen S. Hall
    Shortly after 6 p.m. on a drizzling, dreary November day in 2010, two men dressed in green surgical scrubs opened the door of the Iceman's chamber in the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano, Italy. They slid the frozen body onto a stainless steel gurney. One of the men was a young scientist named Marco Samadelli. Normally, it was his job to keep the famous Neolithic mummy frozen under the precise conditions that had preserved it for 5,300 years, following an attack that had left the Iceman dead, high on a nearby mountain. On this day, however, Samadelli had...
  • Chalcolithic catastrophe on the Mondsee

    07/15/2014 4:22:50 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Past Horizons ^ | Saturday, July 5, 2014 | Alexander Binsteiner
    This is what may have happened around 3,200 BC on the Lake of Mondsee (Lake Constance), resulting in the exodus of a metalworking community that lived there. When the site of this particular settlement was excavated in the 19th century, 595 stone axes and studded battleaxes, 451 arrowheads along with 12 copper axes and six daggers were discovered. These items represented highly sought-after status symbols, and would never have been left behind intentionally, unless of course the settlement had been abandoned as the result of a disaster. Well preserved foods such as charred hazelnuts, grain and pieces of apples were...
  • Positioning the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Hunted by the Tyrolean Iceman...

    07/15/2014 3:34:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    PLOSone ^ | July 02, 2014 | Cristina Olivieri et al (see below)
    Abstract -- In the last years several phylogeographic studies of both extant and extinct red deer populations have been conducted. Three distinct mitochondrial lineages (western, eastern and North-African/Sardinian) have been identified reflecting different glacial refugia and postglacial recolonisation processes. However, little is known about the genetics of the Alpine populations and no mitochondrial DNA sequences from Alpine archaeological specimens are available. Here we provide the first mitochondrial sequences of an Alpine Copper Age Cervus elaphus. DNA was extracted from hair shafts which were part of the remains of the clothes of the glacier mummy known as the Tyrolean Iceman or...
  • tzi's non-human DNA: Opportunistic pathogen discovered in Iceman tissue biopsy

    07/27/2014 2:08:48 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    ScienceDaily ^ | July 15, 2014 | European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano
    tzis human genome was decoded from a hip bone sample taken from the 5,300 year old mummy. However the tiny sample weighing no more than 0.1 g provides so much more information. A team of scientists analyzed the non-human DNA in the sample. They found evidence for the presence of Treponema denticola, an opportunistic pathogen involved in the development of periodontal disease. tzi's human genome was decoded from a hip bone sample taken from the 5,300 year old mummy. However the tiny sample weighing no more than 0.1 g provides so much more information. A team of scientists from EURAC...
  • Scientists say tzi the Iceman has living relatives, 5,300 years later

    10/16/2013 7:52:31 AM PDT · by Theoria · 17 replies
    NBC ^ | 14 Oct 2013 | Alan Boyle
    No next-of-kin was around to claim the frozen 5,300-year-old body of tzi the Iceman when it was found in the Italian Alps in 1991, but researchers now report that there are at least 19 genetic relatives of tzi living in Austria's Tyrol region. "These men and the 'Iceman' had the same ancestors," Walther Parson, a researcher at the Institute for Forensic Medicine in Innsbruck, told the Austrian Press Agency last week. The relatives may not know they're related, however. The Austrian researchers haven't told them. They found the 19 genetic matches by looking through the DNA records of 3,700 Austrian...
  • Otzis Neandertal ancestry

    05/18/2013 3:27:48 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    Science News ^ | May 18, 2013; Vol.183 #10; Web edition: April 15, 2013 | Bruce Bower
    A 5,300-year-old man found sticking out of an Alpine glacier in 1991 possessed more genes in common with Neandertals than Europeans today do. The mans Neandertal heritage is a preliminary sign that Stone Age interbreeding occurred more frequently than many scientists assume. Two researchers determined that the previously analyzed genome of tzi the Tyrolean Iceman (SN: 3/24/12, p. 5) included roughly 4 to 4.5 percent Neandertal genes. Modern Europeans genetic library includes an average of 2.5 percent Neandertal genes. Human groups that migrated into Europe after 5,000 years ago mated with continental natives and diluted traces of Neandertal genetic ancestry...
  • Iceman Mummy Finds His Closest Relatives

    11/11/2012 12:44:27 PM PST · by Renfield · 37 replies
    Live Science ^ | 11-9-2012 | Tia Ghose
    SAN FRANCISCO tzi the Iceman, an astonishingly well-preserved Neolithic mummy found in the Italian Alps in 1991, was a native of Central Europe, not a first-generation migr from Sardinia, new research shows. And genetically, he looked a lot like other Stone Age farmers throughout Europe. he new findings, reported Thursday (Nov. 8) here at the American Society of Human Genetics conference, support the theory that farmers, and not just the technology of farming, spread during prehistoric times from the Middle East all the way to Finland. "The idea is that the spread of farming and agriculture, right now we...
  • Otzi the Iceman: scientists find 5,000-year-old blood sample

    05/03/2012 12:42:52 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Guardian (UK) ^ | Wednesday, May 2, 2012 | Tom Kington
    As cold cases go, it does not get much colder than tzi the Iceman, whose body was found frozen solid in the Italian Alps 5,300 years after he died from an arrow wound. Since he was discovered by trekkers in 1991, scientists have mapped his DNA and figured out everything from what ailments he suffered from (Lyme disease and a weak heart) to the last meal he ate (venison and ibex) before he was shot in the back, probably by an enemy tribesman. Now, using advanced nanotechnology, they have located traces of tzi's blood, the oldest blood sample ever retrieved....
  • tzi the ice mummy's secrets found in DNA

    02/29/2012 5:28:47 AM PST · by Renfield · 11 replies · 3+ views
    NewScientist ^ | 2-26-2012 | Andy Coghlan
    tzi the ice mummy may have met his death in the Alps some 5300 years ago, but his descendants live on on the Mediterranean islands of Corsica and Sardinia. The finding comes from an analysis of tzi's DNA, which also reveals he had brown eyes and hair, and was lactose intolerant. The ice mummy was found in 1991 on an Alpine glacier between Austria and Italy, where he met a violent end in the Neolithic.....
  • Iceman stories begin arriving!

    10/18/2011 10:34:58 AM PDT · by FritzG · 18 replies · 1+ views
    Dienekes' Anthropology Blog ^ | 17 Oct 2011 | Dienekes
    The National Geographic has info, a teaser for an October 26 Nova special: The genetic results add both information and intrigue. From his genes, we now know that the Iceman had brown hair and brown eyes and that he was probably lactose intolerant and thus could not digest milksomewhat ironic, given theories that he was a shepherd. Not surprisingly, he is more related to people living in southern Europe today than to those in North Africa or the Middle East, with close connections to geographically isolated modern populations in Sardinia, Sicily, and the Iberian Peninsula. The DNA analysis also revealed...
  • Artists Recreate the Face Otzi, a 5,300-Year-Old Iceman Mummy

    02/25/2011 10:50:46 AM PST · by Kartographer · 47 replies · 2+ views
    FoxNews ^ | 2/25/11
    In the year 3289 BC, Otzi trekked up the Schnalstal glacier in the Italian Alps. The Neolithic guy -- dubbed Otzi the Iceman, or Frozen Fritz -- wore a coat and leggings made of sheep's fur and moccasins made of cattle leather as he climbed, having just polished off his last meal: unleavened bread and meat. Severely wounded by an arrow and possibly dispatched with a blow to the head by a cudgel, he died, his body froze and was mummified, and he lay in place for a very, very long time.
  • Otzi's secrets about to be revealed

    07/27/2010 6:38:37 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies · 1+ views
    AlphaGalileo ^ | Tuesday, July 27, 2010 | European Academy of Bozen/Bolzano
    Experts from three institutions have pooled their skills in order to map tzi's entire genetic make-up: Albert Zink, Head of the EURAC Institute for Mummies and the iceman, together with Carsten Pusch, from the Institute of Human Genetics at the University of Tbingen and Andreas Keller from the bio-technological firm "febit" in Heidelberg. Together they have reached a historic moment in the study of the 5,000 year old mummy. The two scientists, Zink and Pusch, have been working together for some time and recently published, in collaboration with the Egyptian team led by Zahi Hawass, the latest findings on the...
  • Ötzi the iceman: Up close and personal

    06/06/2009 11:06:00 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies · 1,204+ views
    New Scientist ^ | May or June 2009 | South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology / Eurac / Marco Samadelli / Gregor Staschitz
    Eight images.