Keyword: philipiv

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  • Braveheart letter to Pope returns to Scotland

    01/16/2012 1:49:00 PM PST · by NYer · 48 replies
    cna ^ | January 13, 2012 | David Kerr
    William Wallace of Scotland's name (center) written in Latin: Edinburgh, Scotland, Jan 13, 2012 / 03:52 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- A 14th-century letter asking Pope Boniface VIII to look favorably upon the Scottish patriot Sir William Wallace during his visit to Rome has been returned to Scotland. “This document is an enigma,” said George MacKenzie, head of National Records of Scotland at the unveiling ceremony in Edinburgh on Jan. 12. “It’s a letter from the French king to his officials at the Vatican mentioning Wallace, but we don't know what his business was with the Pope. What we do know is...
  • How Much Ruin is in a Nation?: The Spain of Philip IV

    03/28/2011 12:26:54 PM PDT · by mojito · 5 replies
    First Things ^ | 3/24/2011 | Christopher S. Johnson
    “Be assured my young friend, there is a great deal of ruin in a nation,” Adam Smith wrote to a distraught friend after the battle of Saratoga (1777). Smith’s assurance begs a large question: Just how much ruin is there in a nation? History’s stores contain food for thought. For those seeking a classic case of precipitate unraveling, it would be difficult to better the example of Spain under Philip IV (1621–1665), a truly remarkable plummet from the heights of European power to something very like decrepitude in a span of little over twenty years.