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Keyword: polynesia

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  • New study challenges theories on Easter Island collapse

    12/12/2013 11:08:52 AM PST · by Theoria · 52 replies
    KITV ^ | 10 Dec 2013 | KITV
    Bishop Museum's Dr. Mulrooney conducted 6-year study on Rapa Nui Bishop Museum's assistant anthropologist, Dr. Mara Mulrooney, conducted a six-year study on Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island, about the island's theoretical civilization collapse. Results from her groundbreaking doctoral dissertation entitled "Continuity or Collapse? Diachronic Settlement and Land Use in Hanga Ho'onu, Rapa Nui (Easter Island)" are outlined in an article published in the December issue of the Journal of Archaeological Science. This new evidence debunks previous theories that the islanders "self-destructed" before Europeans first visited in 1722. As popularized in Jared Diamond's 2005 book Collapse, Rapa Nui is...
  • No seafood for early Easter Islanders -- they ate rats

    09/27/2013 3:48:08 AM PDT · by Renfield · 22 replies
    NBC News ^ | 9-26-2013 | Owen Jarus
    Chemical analyses of teeth from 41 human skeletons excavated on Easter Island revealed the inhabitants ate rats rather than seafood; Here, Moai statues at Ahu Tongariki on the south-eastern part of the island, where 26 of the skeletons were found. The inhabitants of Easter Island consumed a diet that was lacking in seafood and was, literally, quite ratty. The island, also called Rapa Nui, first settled around A.D. 1200, is famous for its more than 1,000 "walking" Moai statues, most of which originally faced inland. Located in the South Pacific, Rapa Nui is the most isolated inhabited landmass on Earth;...
  • Dingoes originated in China 18,000 years ago

    09/13/2011 6:47:28 PM PDT · by Palter · 22 replies
    Australian Geographic ^ | 13 Sept 2011 | Natalie Muller
    The dingo came to Australia via southern China, and much earlier than previously thought, says new research. THE DINGO (Canis lupus dingo) first appeared in Australia's archaeological records in 3500-year-old rock paintings in the Pilbara region of WA, but the new evidence suggests they were roaming Australia long before that. DNA samples from domestic Asian dog species and the Australian dingo have shed light on how the iconic canine arrived on Australian soil. According to a study by an international research team, genetic data shows the dingo may have originated in southern China, travelling through mainland southeast Asia and Indonesia to...
  • Clues to Prehistoric Human Exploration Found in Sweet Potato Genome

    01/21/2013 8:39:59 PM PST · by Theoria · 23 replies
    Science ^ | 21 Jan 2013 | Lizzie Wade
    Europeans raced across oceans and continents during the Age of Exploration in search of territory and riches. But when they reached the South Pacific, they found they had been beaten there by a more humble traveler: the sweet potato. Now, a new study suggests that the plant's genetics may be the key to unraveling another great age of exploration, one that predated European expansion by several hundred years and remains an anthropological enigma. Humans domesticated the sweet potato in the Peruvian highlands about 8000 years ago, and previous generations of scholars believed that Spanish and Portuguese explorers introduced the crop...
  • New Study Reveals First Polynesians Arrived in Tonga around 826 BC

    11/16/2012 9:18:49 AM PST · by Theoria · 5 replies
    Sci-News ^ | 09 Nov 2012 | Sergio Prostak
    Archaeologists, using new high-precision techniques, have come to the conclusion that first settlers arrived in Polynesia almost 2,900 years ago.This is a view on an island in Tonga (thekingdomoftonga.com) Polynesia was one of the last places on our planet to be settled by humans. In 2008, Prof David Burley of Simon Fraser University in Canada and his team claimed that Tonga was the first group of islands in the region to be settled by migrants – the Lapita people – some 3,000 years ago, and that Nukuleka, a small village on the coast of the Tonga’s Tongatapu Island, was their...
  • Scandinavian Ancestry -- Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan

    12/15/2001 2:43:28 PM PST · by spycatcher · 55 replies · 3,406+ views
    Azerbaijan International ^ | Summer 2000 | Thor Heyerdahl
        Summer 2000 (8.2) Scandinavian Ancestry Tracing Roots to Azerbaijan by Thor Heyerdahl Above: Thor Heyerdahl with Peruvian children who still construct traditional boats made of reeds, the principle material that enabled early migrations on trans-oceanic voyages. Courtesy: Thor Heyerdahl. Archeologist and historian Thor Heyerdahl, 85, has visited Azerbaijan on several occasions during the past two decades. Each time, he garners more evidence to prove his tantalizing theory - that Scandinavian ancestry can be traced to the region now known as Azerbaijan. Heyerdahl first began forming this hypothesis after visiting Gobustan, an ancient cave dwelling found 30 miles ...
  • Did Easter Islanders Mix It Up With South Americans?

    02/08/2012 7:20:56 AM PST · by Theoria · 16 replies · 1+ views
    Science ^ | 06 Feb 2012 | Andrew Lawler
    The scattered islands of the vast Pacific Ocean were settled by seafarers who set out from the eastern coasts and islands of Asia and traveled thousands of kilometers by boat. Meanwhile pre-Columbian South America was populated by people who crossed a now-vanished land bridge far to the north. Did these two groups ever meet in the New World? There's a good chance of that, according to a new study, which finds evidence that Easter Islanders may have reached South America and mixed with the Native Americans already there. University of Oslo immunologist Erik Thorsby first began analyzing the people of...
  • Samoa Sacrifices a Day for Its Future

    12/30/2011 2:56:09 AM PST · by Cronos · 5 replies
    New York Times ^ | 26 Dec 2011 | Seth Mydans
    The Pacific island nation of Samoa and its even tinier neighbor Tokelau are skipping Friday this week, jumping westward in time across the international date line and into the shifting economic balance of the 21st century. The time change, officially decided in June, is meant to align Samoa with its Asian trading partners; it moves the islands’ work days further from the United States, which dominated its economy in the past. ..the island’s 186,000 citizens, and the 1,500 who live in Tokelau, will go to sleep on Thursday and wake up on Saturday ..The prime minister of Samoa, Tuila’epa Sailele...
  • Obama Says 'Here in Asia,' But Where Exactly Is Hawaii?

    11/15/2011 11:11:02 AM PST · by Driftwood1 · 55 replies
    My Fox Phoenix ^ | 11-15-11 | Fox News Staff
    During his press conference in Hawaii, President Obama referenced being "here in Asia." As Americans know, Hawaii is the 50th state, admitted to the Union on Aug. 21, 1959. Mr. Obama also lists Hawaii as his birthplace, which makes his reference even more curious. So, is Hawaii part of Asia?
  • Genetic Study Uncovers New Path to Polynesia

    02/05/2011 4:22:23 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies · 1+ views
    ScienceDaily ^ | Thursday, February 3, 2011 | University of Leeds
    The islands of Polynesia were first inhabited around 3,000 years ago, but where these people came from has long been a hot topic of debate amongst scientists. The most commonly accepted view, based on archaeological and linguistic evidence as well as genetic studies, is that Pacific islanders were the latter part of a migration south and eastwards from Taiwan which began around 4,000 years ago. But the Leeds research -- published February 3 in The American Journal of Human Genetics -- has found that the link to Taiwan does not stand up to scrutiny. In fact, the DNA of current...
  • Cook Island Christians pray for Sunday flights reprieve

    12/27/2009 2:46:09 PM PST · by smokingfrog · 3 replies · 345+ views
    BBC News ^ | 12-27-09 | John Pickford
    "The sanctity of the Sabbath is of a higher value than the dollar," declared the protesters' banner. It was a wet Sunday in Aitutaki and I was looking at a bedraggled band of demonstrators outside the tiny airport. When the local airline decided to add a Sunday service to its normal schedule it may have anticipated some hostility. Most Polynesians have been devout Christians since the arrival of missionaries in the early 19th Century and on many islands Sunday is a special day. But on Aitutaki, as well as the airport protests, 1,300 people signed a petition against the flight....
  • Rock art find highlights ancient east-west Polynesia links

    02/04/2009 4:57:12 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies · 256+ views
    Google News ^ | Wednesday, February 4, 2009 | AFP
    The discovery of more than 50 ancient rock engravings in Tonga has excited archaeologists, who say they demonstrate the links between the Pacific island and Hawaii before Europeans arrived... Tonga, where Burley has previously documented a fishing village established 2,900 years ago as the first settlement in Polynesia, is 5,060 kilometres (3,144 miles) from Hawaii. The rock drawings, or petroglyphs, include images of humans and animals and are on two slabs of beach-rock that were exposed by erosion on Tonga's Foa island. They are in the style of the earliest stick figure forms in Hawaii, which would place them between...
  • Tonga archaeology discovery blow to Samoa's 'cradle' claim

    02/06/2008 6:32:05 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies · 292+ views
    Radio Australia ^ | January 10, 2008 | unattributed
    A Canadian archaeologist has identified a small fishing village in Tonga, established nearly 3,000 years ago, as the birthplace of Polynesia. Matangi Tonga online reports that Professor David Burley drew his conclusion from his final excavation at Nukuleka, east of the capital Nuku'alofa, six months ago when they found pieces of Lapita pottery. "The big pieces of pottery are about 2,900 years old," he said... Professor Burley and his team say they have made their conclusions based on the designs of the pottery and carbon dating of samples... Stuff NZ reports that the discovery is a blow to surrounding Pacific...
  • Polynesians Beat Columbus To The Americas

    06/04/2007 5:58:20 PM PDT · by blam · 84 replies · 2,081+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 6-4-2007 | Emma Young
    Polynesians beat Columbus to the Americas 22:00 04 June 2007 NewScientist.com news service Emma Young Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Prehistoric Polynesians beat Europeans to the Americas, according to a new analysis of chicken bones. The work provides the first firm evidence that ancient Polynesians voyaged as far as South America, and also strongly suggests that they were responsible for the introduction of chickens to the continent - a question that has been hotly debated for more than 30 years. Chilean archaeologists working at the site of El Arenal-1, on the Arauco Peninsula in south-central Chile, discovered what...
  • First Chickens in Americas Were Brought From Polynesia (came before Columbus)

    06/04/2007 6:55:26 PM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 33 replies · 842+ views
    NYT ^ | 06/05/07 | JOHN NOBLE WILFORD
    First Chickens in Americas Were Brought From Polynesia By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD Why did the chicken cross the Pacific Ocean? To get to the other side, in South America. How? By Polynesian canoes, which apparently arrived at least 100 years before Europeans settled the continent. That is the conclusion of an international research team, which reported yesterday that it had found “the first unequivocal evidence for a pre-European introduction of chickens to South America,” or presumably anywhere in the New World. The researchers said that bones buried on the South American coast were from chickens that lived between 1304 and...
  • Drifters Could Explain Sweet-Potato Travel

    05/20/2007 4:28:04 PM PDT · by blam · 33 replies · 1,052+ views
    Nature ^ | 5-18-2007
    Drifters could explain sweet-potato travel An unsteered ship may have delivered crop to Polynesia.Brendan Borrell Where did these come from? How did the South American sweet potato wind up in Polynesia? New research suggests that the crop could have simply floated there on a ship. The origin of the sweet potato in the South Pacific has long been a mystery. The food crop undisputedly has its roots in the Andes. It was once thought to have been spread by Spanish and Portuguese sailors in the sixteenth century, but archaeological evidence indicates that Polynesians were cultivating the orange-fleshed tuber much earlier...
  • Tongan Unrest Ripples Out to New Zealand

    08/23/2005 3:51:24 AM PDT · by Our_Man_In_Gough_Island · 14 replies · 487+ views
    BBC ^ | 23 August 2005 | Staff
    Tongan protesters have scuffled with New Zealand police outside a residence of the king of Tonga in the northern city of Auckland. Civil servants on the impoverished South Pacific archipelago have been on strike for several weeks. A blaze engulfed one of the king's houses on Tonga on Monday, although it was not clear if this was related. New Zealand has said it will send a negotiator to Tonga to mediate between the government and civil servants. Some 3,000 government employees have been on strike since July, demanding pay increases. The unrest is now spreading to Auckland's large Tongan community....
  • Gene study suggests Polynesians came from Taiwan

    07/05/2005 6:34:19 AM PDT · by Pharmboy · 59 replies · 1,830+ views
    Reuters ^ | Mon Jul 4, 2005 | Anon
    A genetic study helps confirm the theory that Polynesians, who settled islands across a vast swathe of ocean, started out in Taiwan, researchers reported on Monday. Mitochondrial DNA, which is passed along virtually unchanged from mothers to their children, provides a kind of genetic clock linking present-day Polynesians to the descendants of aboriginal residents of Taiwan. Samples taken from nine indigenous Taiwanese tribes -- who are different ethnically and genetically from the now-dominant Han Chinese -- show clear similarities between the Taiwan groups and ethnic Polynesians, Jean Trejaut and Marie Lin of Mackay Memorial Hospital in Taipei and colleagues reported....
  • Did ancient Polynesians visit California? Maybe so. Scholars revive idea using linguistic ties...

    06/25/2005 11:35:01 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 17 replies · 708+ views
    San Francisco Chronicle ^ | June 20, 2005 | Keay Davidson
    Scientists are taking a new look at an old and controversial idea: that ancient Polynesians sailed to Southern California a millennium before Christopher Columbus landed on the East Coast. Key new evidence comes from two directions. The first involves revised carbon-dating of an ancient ceremonial headdress used by Southern California's Chumash Indians. The second involves research by two California scientists who suggest that a Chumash word for "sewn-plank canoe" is derived from a Polynesian word for the wood used to construct the same boat. The scientists, linguist Kathryn A. Klar of UC Berkeley and archaeologist Terry L. Jones of Cal...
  • Powerful Quake Shakes Seabed Near Vanuatu

    02/12/2005 6:32:00 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies · 552+ views
    Las Vegas Sun ^ | February 08, 2005 | AP
    The 6.7-magnitude quake occurred at 1:48 a.m. about 250 miles northwest of the Vanuatu capital of Port Vila, according to the Web site of the U.S. Geological Survey... There have been no reports of damage from the quake, which was centered approximately 125 miles below the seabed, the seismologist said.
  • Remote Pitcairn Islanders Ordered to Give Up Guns

    08/13/2004 1:50:05 AM PDT · by ValerieUSA · 13 replies · 746+ views
    (Reuters) ^ | August 12, 2004 | (Reuters)
    SYDNEY (Reuters) - Descendants of English mutineers living on remote Pitcairn Island in the South Pacific have been ordered to surrender their guns amid fears that a trial for alleged child sex offences could lead to violence. Tiny Pitcairn has a population of 45 people, who have about 20 guns between them. The deadline for them to surrender their weapons is Sept. 7. The island's governor, the British high commissioner in New Zealand, has ordered that the weapons be handed in to the British colony's two policemen, a commission spokesman said on Wednesday. "We thought it prudent to take the...
  • Life in AMerican Samoa

    01/13/2003 8:13:24 PM PST · by Blunderfromdownunder · 15 replies · 2,221+ views
    Blunder
    Hi all I am moving to American Samoa next week and was wondering whether any of you friendly freepers have lived there and know what its like. I have read up on the net as well as various books but would like to hear from anyone who can supply me with the view of life in Am.Sam. as an ex-pat.
  • Papua New Guinea earthquake... 7.5

    09/08/2002 4:53:30 PM PDT · by 2sheep · 59 replies · 613+ views
    USGS NEIS bulletin ^ | 9/8/02 | USGS
    The following is a release by the United States Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center: A major earthquake occurred about 60 miles (95 km) west-northwest of Wewak, New Guinea, Papua New Guinea or about 520 miles (840 km) northwest of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea at 12:44 PM MDT today, Sep 8, 2002 (Sep 09 at 4:44 AM local time in Papua New Guinea). A PRELIMINARY MAGNITUDE OF 7.5 WAS COMPUTED FOR THIS EARTHQUAKE. The magnitude and location may be revised when additional  data and further analysis results are available. No reports of damage or casualties have been received at...