Free Republic 4th Quarter Fundraising Target: $88,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $24,059
Woo hoo!! And the first 27% is in!! Thank you all very much!!

Keyword: tambora

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • The Volcano That Shrouded the Earth and Gave Birth to a Monster

    01/02/2016 7:00:37 AM PST · by C19fan · 38 replies
    Nautilus ^ | December 31,2015 | GIllen D'Arcy Wood
    Two hundred years ago, the greatest eruption in Earth’s recorded history took place. Mount Tambora—located on Sumbawa Island in the East Indies—blew itself up with apocalyptic force in April 1815.
 After perhaps 1,000 years’ dormancy, the devastating evacuation and collapse required only a few days. It was the concentrated energy of this event that was to have the greatest human impact. By shooting its contents into the stratosphere with biblical force, Tambora ensured its volcanic gases reached sufficient height to disable the seasonal rhythms of the global climate system, throwing human communities worldwide into chaos. The sun-dimming stratospheric aerosols produced...
  • How a Volcanic Eruption in 1815 Darkened the World but Colored the Arts

    08/25/2015 11:30:14 AM PDT · by C19fan · 35 replies
    NY Times ^ | August 24, 2015 | William J. Broad
    In April 1815, the most powerful volcanic blast in recorded history shook the planet in a catastrophe so vast that 200 years later, investigators are still struggling to grasp its repercussions. It played a role, they now understand, in icy weather, agricultural collapse and global pandemics and even gave rise to celebrated monsters. Around the lush isles of the Dutch East Indies modern-day Indonesia the eruption of Mount Tambora killed tens of thousands of people. They were burned alive or killed by flying rocks, or they died later of starvation because the heavy ash smothered crops.
  • The Volcano That Rewrote History

    05/06/2014 6:31:44 AM PDT · by US Navy Vet · 4 replies
    The Daily Beast ^ | 05.05.14 | by William OConnor
    Thomas Jefferson went broke, Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein, and Arctic exploration got a new life, all because a massive volcano erupted in 1815. If you think this winter was unseasonably long and cold, youre playing historys tiniest violin. Instead, with a year without summer, famines on multiples continents, an explosion in the Chinese opium trade, the global scourge of cholera, Mary Shelleys Frankenstein, a golden age of Arctic exploration, and modern meteorology on its rsum, that distinction belongs to Tambora and its eruption in 1815 on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. That story, and its portentous lessons on the...
  • Mass grave in London reveals how volcano caused global catastrophe

    08/05/2012 5:20:32 AM PDT · by Renfield · 38 replies
    The Guardian (UK) ^ | 8-4-2012 | Dalya Alberge
    When archaeologists discovered thousands of medieval skeletons in a mass burial pit in east London in the 1990s, they assumed they were 14th-century victims of the Black Death or the Great Famine of 1315-17. Now they have been astonished by a more explosive explanation a cataclysmic volcano that had erupted a century earlier, thousands of miles away in the tropics, and wrought havoc on medieval Britons. Scientific evidence including radiocarbon dating of the bones and geological data from across the globe shows for the first time that mass fatalities in the 13th century were caused by one...
  • Eighteen Hundred And Froze To Death (The Infamous 'Year Without Summer')

    03/12/2005 8:10:49 PM PST · by blam · 65 replies · 5,528+ views
    Island ^ | 4-7-2004 | Keith C. Heidon,PhD,ACM
    Eighteen Hundred and Froze To Death The Infamous "Year Without A Summer" Of the cold summers in the period 1811 to 1817, the year 1816 has gone down in the annals of New England history as "The Year There Was No Summer," the "Poverty Year" and "Eighteen Hundred and Froze to Death." The year began with a moderate but dry winter. Spring was tardy and continued very dry. The growing season from late spring to early fall, however, was punctuated by a series of devastating cold waves that did major damage to the crops and greatly reduced the food supply....
  • Farmers flee as world's deadliest volcano rumbles (Tambora)

    09/20/2011 6:32:13 AM PDT · by Virginia Ridgerunner · 25 replies
    AP, via Yahoo! News ^ | September 19, 2011 | NASRULLAH ROA
    Bold farmers in Indonesia routinely ignore orders to evacuate the slopes of live volcanoes, but those living on Tambora took no chances when history's deadliest mountain rumbled ominously this month. Villagers like Hasanuddin Sanusi have heard since they were young how the mountain they call home once blew apart in the largest eruption ever recorded an 1815 event widely forgotten outside their region killing 90,000 people and blackening skies on the other side of the globe.
  • How a Volcano Eruption Wiped Away Summer (Tambora)

    10/26/2007 11:07:21 AM PDT · by blam · 38 replies · 232+ views
    NPR ^ | 10-22-2007 | Michael Sullivan
    How a Volcano Eruption Wiped Away Summer by Michael Sullivan Jessica Goldstein, NPRFor more than two decades, volcanologist Haraldur Sigurdsson has been researching the volcanic eruption of Tambora. By studying layers of soil, he can decipher the history of the explosion. The biggest volcanic eruption ever recorded in human history took place nearly 200 years ago on Sumbawa, an island in the middle of the Indonesian archipelago. The volcano is called Tambora, and according to University of Rhode Island volcanologist Haraldur Sigurdsson, the eruption is one of the most overlooked in recorded history. Tambora's explosion was 10 times bigger than...
  • "Lost Kingdom" Discovered on Volcanic Island in Indonesia

    02/27/2006 6:48:58 PM PST · by annie laurie · 17 replies · 949+ views
    National Geographic ^ | February 27, 2006 | John Roach
    Scientists announced today the discovery of a small "kingdom" on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa thought to have been obliterated by the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. The eruption of the volcano Tambora in 1815 killed 117,000 people in Southeast Asia, including those believed buried under ten feet (three meters) of pumice and ash in the recently discovered village. The team, led by University of Rhode Island volcanologist Haraldur Sigurdsson, hailed the discovery as the "Pompeii of the East" ...
  • Free Republic "Bump List" Register

    09/30/2001 4:46:44 AM PDT · by John Robinson · 191 replies · 12,118+ views
    I have created a public register of "bump lists" here on Free Republic. I define a bump list as a name listed in the "To" field used to index articles. Free Republic Bump List Register
  • Alaska Volcano West of Anchorage Stirs After 12-Year Slumber

    07/28/2004 9:48:13 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 9 replies · 1,731+ views
    Associated Press ^ | Jul 28, 2004 | Associated Press
    ANCHORAGE (AP) - Noting a swarm of tiny earthquakes beneath volcanic Mount Spurr, scientists have warned that the volcano 80 miles west of Anchorage could erupt in the next few weeks. Eruptions most often follow a pattern of quakes, said geophysicist John Power of the U.S. Geological Survey, one of three federal and state partners in the Anchorage-based Alaska Volcano Observatory. Power added, however, that the earthquakes will most likely end without an eruption. Mount Spurr was last significantly active in 1992. In an August explosion that year, it spread a thin layer of ash over Anchorage. The mountain's recent...