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Ancient Egyptian mummy's face reconstructed with 3D printing
www.ibtimes.co.uk ^ | August 31, 2016 13:38 BST | By Léa Surugue

Posted on 08/31/2016 10:54:36 AM PDT by Red Badger

The face of an ancient female Egyptian mummy has been reconstructed with the help of 3D printing and forensic science techniques, an important step to better understand who she was. Other crucial details about her health have also been gathered, completing the picture.

This reconstruction was only made possible due to the work of a multi-disciplinary team led by scientists at Melbourne University, combining medical research, forensic science, computerised tomographic (CT) scanning, 3D printing, Egyptology and art.

It all started when Dr Ryan Jefferies, curator at the University's Harry Brookes Allen Museum of Anatomy and Pathology, stumbled across the skull of the mummy, which had been forgotten for decades. How it became a part of the Museum's collection remains a mystery.

Jefferies was concerned the remains could be decaying from the inside, but with no way to verify this first-hand, he ordered CT scans to be carried out.

The 2000-years-old mummy, a woman around the age of 25-years-old, was given the name of Meritamun – the "beloved of the god Amun". She underwent the scans at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, which revealed that the skull was still in extremely good condition.

The scientists then decided to go further, recognising that beyond the conservation value of the scans, there was a great forensic research opportunity. "The CT scan opened up a whole lot of questions and avenues of enquiry and we realised it was a great forensic and teaching opportunity in collaborative research,"Jefferies stated.

The researchers decided to combine different disciplines to see if they could learn more about Meritamun, and whether they could even get a glimpse of what she looked like alive.

Who was Meritamun?

This face has been reconstructed by scientists from the remains of an Egyptian mummyPaul Burston/Courtesy of Melbourne University

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The scientists initially gathered as much information as possible about the mummy. From the structure of the bones, Meritamun's gender was confirmed. She was in all probability a woman, as markers such as the smallness and angle of the jaw, the narrowness of the roof of her mouth, and the roundness of her eye sockets indicate.

The CT scans also revealed an interesting feature: she had important tooth decay. "We were able to see that Meritamun has abscesses all around the teeth and gum. This would have caused her a lot of pain and may have impacted her overall health", forensic Egyptologist Dr Janet Davey, from the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, explained.

She also notes that the mummy's eyes sockets had been filled with artificial eyes, a common practice of ancient embalmers to make sure the person looked in death as closely as possible to what he or she looked like in life. One of the next steps of the research will now be to determine even more precisely when the mummy lived — the scientists will soon conduct radiocarbon dating of the bones to find out.

From a skull to a feminine face

3d printing was used to model the skull of the mummyVarsha Pilbrow and Gavan Mitchell/ University of Melbourne

===================================================================================================================

But it is really the process of reconstructing the face which has been a novel experience for the scientists. After 140 hours of printing time on a simple consumer-level 3D printer, the complete skull was reproduced based on the information shown on CT scans. Then, sculptor Jennifer Mann was called in to use her forensic and artistic skills to reconstruct Meritamun's face.

Her method involved attaching plastic markers to the printed skull to indicate different tissue depths at key points on the face, based on averages in population data derived from modern Egyptians, and then applying clay.

Although the face may only be an approximation of what Meritamun looked like, the multidisciplinary method and the fact Mann has obtained good results in the past when reconstructing the faces of unidentified victims suggests we now have a good idea of the mummy's appearance in life. A feminine face, peering at us from History.

"By reconstructing her we are giving back some of her identity, and in return she has given this group of diverse researchers a wonderful opportunity to investigate and push the boundaries of knowledge and technology as far as we can go", Davey concluded.


TOPICS: Arts/Photography; History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: 3dprinting; ancientautopsies; egypt; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; meritamun; mummy
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Looks like Julia Roberts?..............

VIDEO AT LINK....................

1 posted on 08/31/2016 10:54:36 AM PDT by Red Badger
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To: Red Badger; ThomasMore

WHO IS DOING GGG PINGS NOW?..................


2 posted on 08/31/2016 10:55:31 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: Red Badger

Beautiful!


3 posted on 08/31/2016 10:56:25 AM PDT by Chainmail (A simple rule of life: if you can be blamed, you're responsible.)
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To: Red Badger

Patricia Velasquez in 99's "The Mummy".

4 posted on 08/31/2016 10:57:31 AM PDT by Snickering Hound
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To: Red Badger

Not guilty! They’ve reconstructed mummy; when will they do daddy?


5 posted on 08/31/2016 10:57:36 AM PDT by JimRed (Is it 1776 yet? TERM LIMITS, now and forever! Build the Wall, NOW!)
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To: Red Badger

“Walk like an Egyp-shun...”

Very good looking, even....


6 posted on 08/31/2016 11:00:03 AM PDT by Adder (No, Mr. Franklin, we could NOT keep it.)
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To: Red Badger

She has a very attractive face, something I find interesting in light of a theory that I came across years ago that humans have been getting more attractive over time, and that long ago, delicate features like this mummy’s were rare to nonexistent. The reconstruction is impressive, and of course, racist. After all, don’t the race hustlers go on and on about how Egypt was really an “African” kingdom?


7 posted on 08/31/2016 11:03:53 AM PDT by Little Pig
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To: Red Badger
Looks like Julia Roberts?..............

If you hit her in the mouth with a baseball bat and wait for her lips to swell up.

8 posted on 08/31/2016 11:06:53 AM PDT by Jeff Chandler (Everywhere is freaks and hairies Dykes and fairies, tell me where is sanity?)
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To: Little Pig

As we see, ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans were Caucasians


9 posted on 08/31/2016 11:10:40 AM PDT by atc23 (The Confederacy was the single greatest conservative resistance to federal authority ever)
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To: Red Badger
"That's a good looking mummy..."

10 posted on 08/31/2016 11:11:33 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: Snickering Hound

oooo-weeee!


11 posted on 08/31/2016 11:12:06 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: Little Pig

Chances are that they got the nose completely wrong.

Gal probably had a beak like Toucan.


12 posted on 08/31/2016 11:13:17 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: atc23

With blonde hair and blue eyes.


13 posted on 08/31/2016 11:14:59 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: Red Badger

OK, I can see how the general facial structure can be figured out based on a skull giving a good showing of the cheeks, chin, forehead.

But the shape of the end of the nose and lips and other minor details like acne pits, warts, bulbous noise, protruding lips etc are questionable.

Yes she is cute, but considering my question, maybe she was not cute.


14 posted on 08/31/2016 11:17:17 AM PDT by redfreedom
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To: Red Badger; SunkenCiv

Isn’t SunkenCiv doing them?


15 posted on 08/31/2016 11:32:44 AM PDT by dware (TRUMP/PENCE 2016!)
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To: Red Badger

Never mind...just noticed SunkenCiv ain’t been around for a while...not cool...


16 posted on 08/31/2016 11:49:26 AM PDT by dware (TRUMP/PENCE 2016!)
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To: redfreedom

I wanna give them an unidentified [to them] skull and have them reconstruct its looks, then see how close they come to an actual photograph of the person. Then, we’ll go from there. Getting tired of these self-declared know-it-all ‘experts’ who pop up shouting ‘Look at what I can do!’ with no verification.


17 posted on 08/31/2016 11:53:54 AM PDT by W. (Trump's here to either kick ass or chew bubblegum, and he's all out of gum!)
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To: BenLurkin

LOL


18 posted on 08/31/2016 12:26:08 PM PDT by Lizavetta
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To: redfreedom

Considering she had dental problems, her checks may have been inflamed.

But glad to see they didn’t add 75 lbs to the face like so many reconstructions do.


19 posted on 08/31/2016 12:26:38 PM PDT by bgill (From the CDC site, "We don't know how people are infected with Ebola")
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To: Red Badger

Oh no...another Kardashian!!


20 posted on 08/31/2016 12:30:04 PM PDT by ClearBlueSky (Whenever someone says it's not about Islam- it's about Islam. That death cult must be eradicated.)
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