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TRAPPIST-1 Worlds Are Rocky and Rich in Water, New Research Uncover
Space.com ^ | September 5, 2018 06:30am ET | Nola Taylor Redd,

Posted on 09/05/2018 5:51:09 AM PDT by BenLurkin

The seven planets orbiting the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 are mostly rocky, with some potentially holding more liquid water than Earth.

New research reveals the density of the worlds within this crowded system to a greater precision than ever before. The findings reveal that some of the planets could have up to 5 percent of their mass in liquid water form, about 250 times as much water as found in Earth's oceans.

"All the TRAPPIST-1 planets are very Earth-like — they have a solid core, surrounded by an atmosphere,"

In addition to narrowing down the composition of the exoplanets, the researchers also found that one of the worlds could boast some familiar characteristics.

"TRAPPIST-1e is the exoplanet which is most similar to Earth in terms of mass, radius and energy received from its star,"

The researchers relied on data captured by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and several of the European Southern Observatory's instruments in Chile to make detailed observations that could reveal the variations in planetary orbits.

If one planet traveled around its star alone, then the only gravitational pull it would feel would come from the star. But when a system holds two or more worlds, the planets interact gravitationally, tugging on one another with a force related to their masses. These shifts depend on the planets' mass, distance and other orbital parameters.

At the same time, crowded systems like TRAPPIST-1 make it more challenging to tease out the effects of individual planets, as each world tugs somewhat at its neighbors. The TRAPPIST-1 planets are easier to measure because they orbit in sync; together, the seven exoplanets form a resonance chain connecting them all together and suggesting a slow, peaceful evolution.

(Excerpt) Read more at space.com ...


TOPICS: Astronomy; Science
KEYWORDS: astronomy; phlaphatesastronomy; phlaphatesscience; science; trappist1; xplanets
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1 posted on 09/05/2018 5:51:09 AM PDT by BenLurkin
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To: BenLurkin

TRAPPIST-1, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285, is an ultra-cool red dwarf star that is slightly larger, but much more massive, than the planet Jupiter; it is located 39.6 light-years from the Sun in the constellation Aquarius. Wikipedia

Lifeless


2 posted on 09/05/2018 6:16:59 AM PDT by samtheman (Let’s elect as many Republicans as possible in 2018)
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To: samtheman
2MASS J23062928-0502285

Should change its name to something easier to pronounce, something like "Honorificabilitudinitatibus" for instance.

3 posted on 09/05/2018 6:21:16 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: BenLurkin

Really


4 posted on 09/05/2018 6:32:25 AM PDT by samtheman (Let’s elect as many Republicans as possible in 2018)
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To: BenLurkin

I suppose we are listening for radio signals from TRAPPIST-1, but so far nothing but silence. [shrug] Can’t say I’m surprised.


5 posted on 09/05/2018 6:41:59 AM PDT by ClearCase_guy (The MSM is in the business of creating a fake version of reality for political reasons.)
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To: BenLurkin

So what? Unless and until we create artificial gravity, a la Star trek, we are going nowhere, and that includes Mars.


6 posted on 09/05/2018 7:46:35 AM PDT by Phlap (REDNECK@LIBARTS.EDU)
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To: Phlap

How does not having artificial gravity prevent us from going to Mars?


7 posted on 09/05/2018 8:05:34 AM PDT by sipow
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To: Phlap

As long as we have artificial gravy to go with the freeze dried mashed potatoes, trips to Mars will be tolerable.


8 posted on 09/05/2018 8:44:38 AM PDT by who_would_fardels_bear
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To: BenLurkin

I read that the star will burn for up to 12 trillion years, assuming it doesn’t come into contact with something else in the future. It looks like a great place to raise an extended family.


9 posted on 09/05/2018 9:13:02 AM PDT by Sawdring
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To: sipow

Mars is months away at best. When we send people to the space station, for periods of time shorter than a trip to Mars, there is a recovery period before they can properly function on Earth. the same thing will happen to anyone we send to Mars. It is a mission with no return.


10 posted on 09/05/2018 9:28:00 AM PDT by Phlap (REDNECK@LIBARTS.EDU)
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To: who_would_fardels_bear

11 posted on 09/05/2018 9:57:49 AM PDT by BenLurkin (The above is not a statement of fact. It is either satire or opinion. Or both.)
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To: samtheman

Why should it be a surprise if the planets have water? They are in the constellation Aquarius, after all. The Water Carrier.


12 posted on 09/05/2018 11:03:17 AM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: samtheman
The findings reveal that some of the planets could have up to 5 percent of their mass in liquid water form, about 250 times as much water as found in Earth's oceans.

...it is located 39.6 light-years from the Sun...

At 39.6 light years distant, we are seeing what was happening there eons ago (86,000 MPS x 60 x 60 x 24 x 365) and it may have changed completely by now. That little red star may have even burned out!

13 posted on 09/05/2018 11:19:42 AM PDT by JimRed ( TERM LIMITS, NOW! Build the Wall Faster! TRUTH is the new HATE SPEECH.)
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To: JimRed

Nah, probably what was happening 39.6 years ago unless an eon is roughly 19.8 years long.


14 posted on 09/05/2018 12:10:54 PM PDT by Sawdring
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To: Sawdring

Right...I was forgetting that light years are a measure of distance, not time.


15 posted on 09/05/2018 12:39:53 PM PDT by JimRed ( TERM LIMITS, NOW! Build the Wall Faster! TRUTH is the new HATE SPEECH.)
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To: Phlap

We have had people in space for periods almost a year (the Russians have been up longer) and while there is a recovery period on return it doesn’t render them nonfunctional.

That combined with the lower gravity of Mars (38% of Earth) actually bodes well. Then add in the ability to use centripetal force to simulate gravity on the way there and back really lessen that problem.


16 posted on 09/05/2018 1:10:48 PM PDT by sipow
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To: JimRed

It’s not eons ago. It’s 40 years ago.


17 posted on 09/05/2018 3:06:31 PM PDT by samtheman (Let’s elect as many Republicans as possible in 2018)
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To: JimRed

Now getting there might take eons.


18 posted on 09/05/2018 4:02:40 PM PDT by Sawdring
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To: BenLurkin; KevinDavis; annie laurie; Knitting A Conundrum; Viking2002; Ernest_at_the_Beach; ...
Thanks BenLurkin. Adding APoD to the ping.
 
X-Planets
· join · view topics · view or post blog · bookmark · post new topic · subscribe ·
Google news searches: exoplanet · exosolar · extrasolar ·

19 posted on 09/05/2018 4:38:40 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (www.tapatalk.com/groups/godsgravesglyphs/, forum.darwincentral.org, www.gopbriefingroom.com)
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To: Sawdring
Now getting there might take eons.

Even at warp 9...

20 posted on 09/06/2018 6:32:06 AM PDT by JimRed ( TERM LIMITS, NOW! Build the Wall Faster! TRUTH is the new HATE SPEECH.)
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