Skip to comments.Quantum 'fifth state of matter' observed in space for first time
Posted on 06/11/2020 11:30:54 AM PDT by BenLurkin
Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs)the existence of which was predicted by Albert Einstein and Indian mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose almost a century agoare formed when atoms of certain elements are cooled to near absolute zero (0 Kelvin, minus 273.15 Celsius).
At this point, the atoms become a single entity with quantum properties, wherein each particle also functions as a wave of matter.
BECs straddle the line between the macroscopic world governed by forces such as gravity and the microscopic plane, ruled by quantum mechanics.
Creating the fifth state of matter, especially within the physical confines of a space station, is no mean feat.
First, bosonsatoms that have an equal number of protons and electronsare cooled to near absolute zero using lasers to clamp them in place.
The slower the atoms move around, the cooler they become.
As they lose heat, a magnetic field is introducedto keep them from moving and each particle's wave expands. Cramming many bosons into a microscopic "trap" that causes their waves to overlap into a single matter wavea property known as quantum degeneracy.
The second the magnetic trap is released in order for scientists to study the condensate, however, the atoms begin to repel each other, causing the cloud to fly apart and the BEC to becomes too dilute to detect.
Thompson and the team realized that the microgravity on board the ISS allowed them to create BECs from rubidiuma soft metal similar to potassiumon a far shallower trap than on Earth. This accounted for the vastly increased time the condensate could be studied before diffusing.
(Excerpt) Read more at phys.org ...
So, we’re trapping bosons against their will? Doesn’t that break the InterGalactic Treaty?
Will they name it the ‘BLM Factor’? Will it be made to apologize for, whatever?
BLM — Boson Lifetimes Matter
“Bosons Lives Matter” I want to paint it on the street in front of the White House.
I am sorry but Bosons are not named after an African-American, so any mention of them is hereby banned!
I still wanna get me some of that “Dark Matter” and “Dark Energy” to keep in a sealed glass container for my collection. Scientists claim the universe is full of that stuff but can’t seem to find any of it, anywhere!
A fifth state? I just finally got my head wrapped around matter having a fourth state - plasma.
First, bosonsatoms that have an equal number of protons and electrons...
That doesn’t seem quite right.
So what did they discover with the extra study time. Does it justify the cost of the space station, the most expensive object ever built?
See what the Torchwood Institute has on file regarding treaties.
So, were trapping bosons against their will?
Well most of the time they like it but sometimes
it takes a little while till they warm up.
Hmmm, “quantum degeneracy”, I like the sound of that!
That explains everything!
I like bosoms.
Matherhorn Project - free energy. (Princeton circa 1950’s).
isn’t “Dark” matter and “Dark” energy racist of the very front end of this conversation. Worse would be to name them “White” matter and “White” energy thereby establishing white privilege.
I am very confused on how we are to communicate any more
In the 1200 hundreds one of my ancestors was a knight that went to the Holy Land to repel the Muslims that were killing, raping and pillaging all of the Christians throughout the now Middle East.
I know I am supposed to apologize to the Muslims for protecting the original inhabitants of the area and their Christian faith. He undoubtedly killed some Muslims in the process.
Am I now of the hook for paying for reparations to somebody for his heinous acts. Do I just find the nearest Muslim and start giving him money until he tells me it is enough.
Or is it time to start fighting back. If only the Jews of Germany had guns. May have been a different story.
Fusion isn’t “free energy”.
Q: How broken is “popular” science?
A: Quatum and State appearing in a fashion that implies anything other than superposition.
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