Skip to comments.Research Casts New Light On History Of North America
Posted on 07/01/2008 10:26:26 AM PDT by blam
Research Casts New Light on History of North America
Research by a Valparaiso University geography professor and his students lends support to evidence the first humans to settle the Americas came from Europe, rather than crossing a Bering Strait land-ice bridge. Valparaisos research shows the Kankakee Sand Islands a series of hundreds of small dunes in the Kankakee River area of Northwest Indiana and northeastern Illinois were created 14,500 to 15,000 years ago and that the region could not have been covered by ice as previously thought.
Newswise Research by a Valparaiso University geography professor and his students on the creation of Kankakee Sand Islands of Northwest Indiana is lending support to evidence that the first humans to settle the Americas came from Europe, a discovery that overturns decades of classroom lessons that nomadic tribes from Asia crossed a Bering Strait land-ice bridge. Valparaiso is a member of the Council on Undergraduate Research.
Dr. Ron Janke began studying the origins of the Kankakee Sand Islands a series of hundreds of small, moon-shaped dunes that stretch from the southern tips of Lake and Porter counties in Northwest Indiana into northeastern Illinois about 12 years ago. Over the past few years, approximately a dozen Valparaiso undergraduates have worked with Dr. Janke to create the first detailed maps of the Kankakee Sand Islands, study their composition and survey wildlife and plants inhabiting the islands.
Based upon the long-held belief that most of the upper Midwest was covered by a vast ice sheet up until about 10,000 years ago, Dr. Janke said he and other scientists surmised the Kankakee Sand Islands were created by sand in meltwater from the receding glacier.
That belief was challenged, however, when he and his students discovered a year and a half ago that the islands were composed of sand that had come from Lake Michigan something that should have been impossible with the Valparaiso Moraine standing between the lake and the Kankakee Sand Islands.
That created a lot of problems with what we had previously believed about ice covering this entire area, Dr. Janke said. How could it get over the Valparaiso Moraine and be deposited there?
Figuring out that puzzle required taking core samples from some of the remaining islands and the development of a new test by one of Dr. Jankes colleagues to determine when sunlight last shone on the sand.
The answer that came back the Kankakee Sand Islands were born between 14,500 and 15,000 years ago from Lake Michigan sand was startling.
We thought the area was completely covered by ice at that time, Dr. Janke said. That was a really earth-shattering result for us.
Yet it also supports research showing that North American Clovis points a particular type of arrowhead that represents the oldest manmade object on the continent identically match arrowheads found in Europe and made by humans at approximately the same time. And just within the last year, new research has provided strong evidence that a large meteorite struck the ice sheet covering North American and melted much of the ice shortly before the formation of the Kankakee Sand Islands.
Our research at Valparaiso supports this other recent research because it indicates there wasnt a massive ice sheet covering North America that would have allowed tribes to cross over from Asia via a Bering Strait land-ice bridge, Dr. Janke said.
Dr. Jankes research on the formation of the Kankakee Sand Islands is continuing this summer, with a focus on determining whether the islands closest to Lake Michigan are younger than the southernmost islands.
At one time, approximately 1,200 of the islands stretched out in a series of curved bands north and and south of the Kankakee River that are separated by a few miles and mirror the southern tip of Lake Michigan. Though many were destroyed by human settlement, about 700 still exist today.
Dr. Janke and his students also have been active in the Woodland Savanna Land Conservancy, an organization working to protect the Kankakee Sand Islands.
Scott Osthus, a recent graduate who worked with Dr. Janke to map the Kankakee Sand Islands and support their preservation, enjoyed being involved in the research effort.
During my four years at Valparaiso, I saw how interesting and significant the Kankakee Sand Islands landscape is, Osthus said. I want to see this area preserved because it is so historically significant.
Landowners have donated a handful of islands to the trust for preservation, and Dr. Janke is hopeful that others will follow their lead and perhaps eventually build enough support for some of the islands to be incorporated into Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore or their own state park.
The Kankakee Sand Islands are archaeologically significant, with numerous Native American artifacts and burial grounds still present in the surviving islands, and they provide crucial habitat for native wildlife and plant species, Dr. Janke said. Im hopefully the sand islands can be protected so we can continue to learn about and appreciate them.
Thanks to Red Badger for the article.
So does this make them “indians”?
When to stop laughing. America is the oldest continent and everyplace else was populated from here. America’s old stuff is twice as old as the Old World’s old stuff. Horses, camels, people, and turkeys.
Guess we could say Columbus was merely “reclaiming his homeland?”
No, it makes them (GASP!) Dead White Europeans!..............
The ancient Americans rode their camels and horses across the Bering land bridge.........sorta like SUV’s of the day.................
That's the part I like..............
So, when can my European-extraction family and I open our own tribal casino on our extra back lot?
You'll like this one then:
Now can I start a casino?
Thanks Red Badger and Blam.
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This is why “native Americans” hysterically demand to rebury without examination all human remains found. The evidence is now overwhelming that the first Americans were Europeans who sailed here first. The “native Americans” are descended from a much later immigration by foot over the bearing Sea land bridge. Once here they murdered to extinction the earlier settlers. Kind of puts a kink in the whole “native Americans victimized by Europeans” schtick.
"The oldest human remains found in the Americas were recently "discovered" in the storeroom of Mexico's National Museum of Anthropology. Found in central Mexico in 1959, the five skulls were radiocarbon dated by a team of researchers from the United Kingdom and Mexico and found to be 13,000 years old. They pre-date the Clovis culture by a couple thousand years, adding to the growing evidence against the Clovis-first model for the first peopling of the Americas.
Of additional significance is the shape of the skulls, which are described as long and narrow, very unlike those of modern Native Americans.
It seems that this entire subject is now in a complete state of confusion, chronology is in great doubt, and the ethnic origins of America are virtually totally conjecture. I will hold off on guessing until there is more widely accepted data.
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