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[Catholic Caucus] Day by Day -- Saints for All, Saint John Chrysostom, 09-13-18
FranciscanMedia.org ^ | 09-13-18 | FranciscanMedia.org

Posted on 09/13/2018 8:26:26 PM PDT by Salvation

Franciscan Media

<em>Chrysostemos</em> | Carl Christian PetersImage: Chrysostemos | Carl Christian Peters

Saint John Chrysostom

Saint of the Day for September 13

(c. 349 – September 14, 407)

 

Saint John Chrysostom’s Story

The ambiguity and intrigue surrounding John, the great preacher (his name means “golden-mouthed”) from Antioch, are characteristic of the life of any great man in a capital city. Brought to Constantinople after a dozen years of priestly service in Syria, John found himself the reluctant victim of an imperial ruse to make him bishop in the greatest city of the empire. Ascetic, unimposing but dignified, and troubled by stomach ailments from his desert days as a monk, John became a bishop under the cloud of imperial politics.

If his body was weak, his tongue was powerful. The content of his sermons, his exegesis of Scripture, were never without a point. Sometimes the point stung the high and mighty. Some sermons lasted up to two hours.

His lifestyle at the imperial court was not appreciated by many courtiers. He offered a modest table to episcopal sycophants hanging around for imperial and ecclesiastical favors. John deplored the court protocol that accorded him precedence before the highest state officials. He would not be a kept man.

His zeal led him to decisive action. Bishops who bribed their way into office were deposed. Many of his sermons called for concrete steps to share wealth with the poor. The rich did not appreciate hearing from John that private property existed because of Adam’s fall from grace any more than married men liked to hear that they were bound to marital fidelity just as much as their wives were. When it came to justice and charity, John acknowledged no double standards.

Aloof, energetic, outspoken, especially when he became excited in the pulpit, John was a sure target for criticism and personal trouble. He was accused of gorging himself secretly on rich wines and fine foods. His faithfulness as spiritual director to the rich widow, Olympia, provoked much gossip attempting to prove him a hypocrite where wealth and chastity were concerned. His actions taken against unworthy bishops in Asia Minor were viewed by other ecclesiastics as a greedy, uncanonical extension of his authority.

Theophilus, archbishop of Alexandria, and Empress Eudoxia were determined to discredit John. Theophilus feared the growth in importance of the Bishop of Constantinople and took occasion to charge John with fostering heresy. Theophilus and other angered bishops were supported by Eudoxia. The empress resented his sermons contrasting gospel values with the excesses of imperial court life. Whether intended or not, sermons mentioning the lurid Jezebel and impious Herodias were associated with the empress, who finally did manage to have John exiled. He died in exile in 407.


Reflection

John Chrysostom’s preaching, by word and example, exemplifies the role of the prophet to comfort the afflicted and to afflict the comfortable. For his honesty and courage, he paid the price of a turbulent ministry as bishop, personal vilification, and exile.


Saint John Chrysostom is the Patron Saint of:

Orators
Preachers
Speakers


TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; History; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic; saints
Feel free to post additional Catholic information about this saint or any other Catholic saint who might share this feast day.

Religion Moderator's Guidelines to Caucus/Prayer/Ecumenical threads

1 posted on 09/13/2018 8:26:26 PM PDT by Salvation
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To: nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; marshmallow; ...

Saint of the Day — Saint John Chrysostom


2 posted on 09/13/2018 8:27:29 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: All
The Easter Sermon of St. John Chrysostom
On the Paradoxical Freedom of Poverty as Taught By St. John Chrysostom
St. John Chrysostom on Keeping a Fast
Blood and Water >From His Side - St. John Chrysostom(Catholic/Orthodox Caucus)
Homilies from the Heart, St.John Chrysostom [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
Chrysostom on the Poor

St. John Chrysostom: The Prophet of Charity
Benedict XVI’s Nearly Unnoticed Letter on St. John Chrysostom (Fr. Z)
On Chrysostom's Social Doctrine
On St. John Chrysostom's Antioch Years
Synaxis of The Three Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, & John Chrysostom, Jan.30
The Translation of the Relics of St. John Chrysostom (Jan 27 or Feb 9 Julian calendar)
The Easter Sermon of St. John Chrysostom (c. 400 AD)
The Life of Saint John Chrysostom
PASCHAL Homily of St John Chrysostom
The Golden Mouthed Preacher-St.John Chrysostom [Bishop,Doctor of Catholic and Orthodox Churches]

3 posted on 09/13/2018 8:28:40 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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To: Salvation; dangus
Saint of the Day — Saint John Chrysostom

There are no coincidences in the universe.

4 posted on 09/13/2018 8:34:54 PM PDT by Pontiac (The welfare state must fail because it is contrary to human nature and diminishes the human spirit.)
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To: All
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5 posted on 09/14/2018 5:09:32 PM PDT by Salvation ("With God all things are possible." Matthew 19:26)
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