Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • Diet-induced changes favor innovation in speech sounds

    03/17/2019 11:36:15 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 14, 2019 | University of Zurich
    Diet-induced changes in the human bite resulted in new sounds such as "f" in languages all over the world, a study by an international team led by researchers at the University of Zurich has shown. The findings contradict the theory that the range of human sounds has remained fixed throughout human history. Human speech is incredibly diverse, ranging from ubiquitous sounds like "m" and "a" to the rare click consonants in some languages of Southern Africa. This range of sounds is generally thought to have been established with the emergence of the Homo sapiens around 300,000 years ago. A study...
  • Ancient DNA research shines spotlight on Iberia

    03/15/2019 2:20:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 14, 2019 | University of Huddersfield
    The largest-ever study of ancient DNA from the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) suggests that the Iberian male lineages were almost completely replaced between 4,500 and 4,000 years ago by newcomers originating on the Russian steppe... Most striking was an influx of new people during the later Copper Age, otherwise known as the Beaker period because of the ubiquitous presence in burials of large drinking vessels, from about 4,500 years ago. By the Early Bronze Age, 500 years later, these newcomers represented about 40% of Iberia's genetic pool - but virtually 100% of their male lineages... This is an extraordinary...
  • The Medieval Masterpiece, the Book of Kells, Is Now Digitized

    03/06/2019 9:35:13 PM PST · by OddLane · 16 replies
    Open Culture ^ | 3/6/19 | Open Culture
    If you know nothing else about medieval European illuminated manuscripts, you surely know the Book of Kells. “One of Ireland’s greatest cultural treasures” comments, “it is set apart from other manuscripts of the same period by the quality of its artwork and the sheer number of illustrations that run throughout the 680 pages of the book.” The work not only attracts scholars, but almost a million visitors to Dublin every year. “You simply can’t travel to the capital of Ireland,” writes Book Riot’s Erika Harlitz-Kern, “without the Book of Kells being mentioned. And rightfully so.” The ancient masterpiece is...
  • Ignorance To Ruin Bisotun's Inscription (Darius)

    10/17/2006 3:07:16 PM PDT · by blam · 8 replies · 394+ views
    Payvand ^ | 10-16-2006 | Soudabeh Sadigh
    Ignorance to Ruin Bisotun's Inscription By Soudabeh Sadigh Lack of funding and general ignorance by cultural heritage authorities is to destroy the inscription of Bisotun. Tehran, 16 October 2006 (CHN) -- Studies conducted by the executive committee of Bisotun world heritage site revealed the existence of several springs inside the mountain on which several ancient reliefs and friezes including an inscription denoted to Darius the Great, the Achaemenid king, have been carved, posing serious threats to this archeological site. This is while Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) has not yet considered any budget to protect these historic evidences....
  • Persian Cuneiform Predating Darius

    07/07/2005 7:38:29 PM PDT · by blam · 7 replies · 781+ views
    CHN ^ | 7-6-2005
    Persian Cuneiform Predating Darius It is widely believed that the invention of Persian cuneiform took place during the rign of Darius the great while now an Iranian professor insists on the hypothesis that Persian cuneiform predates Darius. Tehran, July 6, 2005, (CHN) -- All historians and experts in Iran, believe that the Persian Cuneiform was invented during Darius reign. It is widely believed that the invention of this script was due to the order of Darius the great, the third king in line from the beginning of the Dynasty. Most of Achaemenid historical texts support the same hypothesis as well...
  • Achaemenid Inscription Names Uncle Of Darius In Old Persian For First Time

    04/12/2008 5:47:46 PM PDT · by blam · 11 replies · 281+ views
    Tehran Times ^ | 4-11-2008
    Achaemenid inscription names uncle of Darius in Old Persian for first time Tehran Times Culture Desk TEHRAN -- The name of Farnaka, who was the uncle of Darius I, has been identified in a newly discovered Old Persian Achaemenid inscription for the first time. Written in cuneiform, the stone inscription bears the names of Darius the Great and his uncle, Farnaka, the Persian service of CHN reported on Friday. His name had previously only been found in historical texts written in other languages. Greek texts refer to him as Pharnaces and Elamite texts call him Parnaka. “Sometime ago, I discovered...
  • Trilingual Inscription Surfaces Near Darius the Great’s Tomb

    03/02/2019 2:22:28 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | 02/26/2019 | Megan Sauter
    An ancient trilingual inscription has surfaced on a hillside near the tomb of Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) in Naqsh-e Rustam, the necropolis (“city of the dead”) 4 miles northwest of Persepolis, Iran. Written in Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian, the inscription records the title of an official who was close to the royal court. Unfortunately, his name has not been preserved. Not only does this inscription shed light on the elite families who associated with the Persian kings, some of them even serving as advisors, but it also adds a new verb to all three languages—the act...
  • Mount Vesuvius Didn't Kill Everyone in Pompeii. Where Did the Survivors Go?

    03/01/2019 5:47:30 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 48 replies
    Live Science ^ | February 26, 2019 07:45am ET | Laura Geggel,
    Public infrastructure projects that sprung up about this time, likely to accommodate the sudden influx of refugees, also provided clues about resettlement, Tuck said. That's because between 15,000 and 20,000 people lived in Pompeii and Herculaneum, and the majority of them survived Vesuvius' catastrophic eruption. One of the survivors, a man named Cornelius Fuscus later died in what the Romans called Asia (what is now Romania) on a military campaign. "They put up an inscription to him there," Tuck told Live Science. "They said he was from the colony of Pompeii, then he lived in Naples and then he joined...
  • How Did The Existence Of The Roman Empire Help The Spread Of Christianity

    02/09/2019 2:00:29 AM PST · by CondoleezzaProtege · 20 replies
    Patheos ^ | 2016 | Jack Wellman
    Did the Roman Empire help to spread Christianity, and if so, in what ways? Pax Romana During the times of Christ and the Apostles, the Roman Empire was the dominant world power and they subjugated all nations which they conquered, but they also allowed them certain freedoms, like the freedom to worship in their own way. The mighty empire brought a domineering power to the world, but it also brought a peace that the world had not known for some time. It was called “Pax Romana,” which is Latin for Roman Peace and so the Romans brought a state of...
  • Roman soldiers' very rude graffiti revealed near Hadrian's Wall

    02/27/2019 10:29:44 AM PST · by ETL · 84 replies ^ | Feb 27, 2019 | James Rogers | Fox News
    An ancient quarry near Hadrian’s Wall in northern England offers a smutty glimpse into the lives of the Roman soldiers who built the famous fortification. Archaeologists from the U.K.’s Newcastle University and Historic England are working to record the unique inscriptions carved into the walls of the quarry, which provided stone for Hadrian’s Wall. The sandstone inscriptions include a caricature of an officer and a phallus, which denoted good luck in Roman culture. Other carvings at the quarry in Gelt Forest have helped experts date the rare inscriptions. One inscription, for example, describes ‘APRO ET MAXIMO CONSVLIBVS OFICINA MERCATI,’ a...
  • Mysterious 'witches marks' discovered in ancient cave

    02/18/2019 7:51:16 AM PST · by ETL · 27 replies ^ | Feb 18, 2019 | Chris Ciaccia | Fox News
    The oldest cave art in England was created during the last Ice Age, when our ancient ancestors drew images of birds, mammals and other creatures to describe the world around them. Now, newly discovered images tell an entirely different story – witches' marks. Located in Creswell Crags, a limestone gorge that sits between Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, the carvings were discovered by a pair of "enthusiasts" during a cave tour and were found in "plain sight," John Charlesworth, Heritage Facilitator and the tour leader at the time of the discovery, said in a statement. In 2016, Historic England, a government-sponsored organization...
  • Extinct human species lived together in Siberian cave, new research shows

    02/16/2019 12:59:45 PM PST · by ETL · 20 replies ^ | Feb 15, 2019 | Walt Bonner | Fox News
    Bones recently found in a Siberian cave have given researchers a new glimpse into the timeline of an extinct human species. The species – known as Denisovans – at one time lived alongside Neanderthals in the same cave, the evidence showed. The only fossil evidence of the Denisovans was uncovered in Denisova Cave in the Russian Altai Mountains back in 1980, and amount to three teeth and bone fragments. “Denisovans are a sister group to Neanderthals – that is, they are closer in terms of shared ancestry to Neanderthals than they are to modern humans,” study leader and geochronologist Dr. Richard...
  • King Hezekiah in the Bible: Royal Seal of Hezekiah Comes to Light

    02/16/2019 11:43:44 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | 01/26/2019 | Robin Ngo
    For the first time, the royal seal of King Hezekiah in the Bible was found in an archaeological excavation. The stamped clay seal, also known as a bulla, was discovered in the Ophel excavations led by Dr. Eilat Mazar at the foot of the southern wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The discovery was announced in a press release by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Institute of Archaeology, under whose auspices the excavations were conducted. The bulla, which measures just over a centimeter in diameter, bears a seal impression depicting a two-winged sun disk flanked by ankh symbols and...
  • Abacus: Mystery Of The Bead -- The Bead Unbaffled

    10/21/2010 5:58:39 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies ^ | prior to 2010 | Totton Heffelfinger & Gary Flom
    Abacus is a Latin word meaning sand tray. The word originates with the Arabic "abq", which means dust or fine sand. In Greek this would become abax or abakon which means table or tablet... Probably, the first device was the counting board. This appeared at various times in several places around the world. The earliest counting boards consisted of a tray made of sun dried clay or wood. A thin layer of sand would be spread evenly on the surface, and symbols would be drawn in the sand with a stick or ones finger. To start anew, one would simply...
  • Bees ‘get’ addition and subtraction, new study suggests

    02/06/2019 11:29:34 AM PST · by ETL · 32 replies ^ | Feb. 6, 2019 | Alex Fox
    If math is the language of the universe, bees may have just uttered their first words. New research suggests these busybodies of the insect world are capable of addition and subtraction—using colors in the place of plus and minus symbols. In the animal kingdom, the ability to count—or at least distinguish between differing quantities—isn’t unusual: It has been seen in frogs, spiders, and even fish. But solving equations using symbols is rare air, so far only achieved by famously brainy animals such as chimpanzees and African grey parrots. Enter the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Building on prior research that says...
  • How Art Began with Antony Gormley

    01/27/2019 11:39:20 PM PST · by Oshkalaboomboom · 31 replies
    BBC Two ^ | Jan. 28, 2019 | BBC
    Why do humans make art? When did we begin to make our mark on the world? And where? In this major new film, Britain’s most celebrated sculptor, Antony Gormley, is setting out on a journey to see for himself the very beginnings of art.
  • France seizes Corsica's Lava Treasure coins

    01/20/2019 8:07:32 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    TANN (The Archaeology News Network) ^ | December 14, 2010 | Richard Giedroyc | Source: Numismaster
    France recently seized an unannounced number of third century A.D. Roman gold coins as well as an ancient gold plate allegedly with a pedigree linking the material to the Lava Treasure... first encountered about 25 years ago when three Corsicans diving for sea urchins spotted gold in the shallow waters there... the official French national police statement released Oct. 27 in which it says, "This submerged treasure, identified as a maritime cultural asset, belongs to the state." ...As Ancient Coin Collectors Guild spokesman Wayne G. Sayles commented in the October 2010 issue of The Celator magazine, "[coins are] utilitarian objects...
  • Oldest Egyptian writing on papyrus displayed for first time

    07/14/2016 3:35:11 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 16 replies
    Yahoo News ^ | 7/14/16 | AFP
    Cairo (AFP) - The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is showcasing for the first time the earliest writing from ancient Egypt found on papyrus, detailing work on the Great Pyramid of Giza, antiquities officials said Thursday. The papyri were discovered near Wadi el-Jarf port, 25 kilometres (15 miles) south of the Gulf of Suez town of Zafarana, the antiquities ministry said. The find by a French-Egyptian team unearths papers telling of the daily lives of port workers who transported huge limestone blocks to Cairo during King Khufu's rule to build the Great Pyramid, intended to be his burial structure. One document...
  • Ancient Inscription Identifies Gargilius Antiques as Roman Ruler on Eve of Bar Kochva Revolt

    12/02/2016 4:30:23 AM PST · by SJackson · 19 replies
    Jewish Press ^ | December 1st, 2016
    University of Haifa researchers have made an important discovery underwater: a rare inscription from the period preceding the Bar Kochva revolt offers for the first time the definite identification of Gargilius Antiques as the Roman prefect of Judea at that time. The inscription was found in a University of Haifa underwater excavation at Tel Dor, on Israel’s Mediterranean coast, about 20 miles south of Haifa. “For the first time, we can state with certainty the name of the Roman prefect of Judea during the critical period leading up to the Bar Kochva revolt,” stated Prof. Assaf Yasur-Landau of the University...
  • 2000-Year-Old Ring Uncovered in Ancient Jewish Ritual Bath in Old City of Jerusalem

    12/28/2018 5:51:05 AM PST · by SJackson · 11 replies
    A 2,000-year-old ring was uncovered in archaeological excavations in the City of David National Park in Jerusalem, dating back to the Second Temple period. Source: City of David A ring with a solitaire gem stone was found by Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologists in what appears to be an ancient Mikveh (ritual bath) on the Pilgrimage Road which dates back to the time of the Second Temple period. The ancient paved road runs up from the Shiloach (Siloam) pool to the Temple Mount and is thought to have been the main thoroughfare taken by pilgrims to the Temple. According to archaeologists...