Keyword: inuit

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  • Ancient Supervolcano Affected the Ends of the Earth

    11/08/2012 6:20:32 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 28 replies
    LiveScience ^ | November 5, 2012 | Staff
    About 74,000 years ago, the Toba volcano on the Indonesian island of Sumatra erupted with catastrophic force. Estimated to be 5,000 times larger than the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, it is believed to be the largest volcanic event on Earth in the last 2 million years. Toba spewed enough lava to build two Mount Everests, it produced huge clouds of ash that blocked sunlight for years, and it the left behind a crater 31 miles (50 kilometers) across. The volcano even sent enough sulphuric acid into the atmosphere to create acid rain downpours in the Earth's polar regions,...
  • Climate played big role in Vikings’ disappearance from Greenland

    05/30/2011 1:12:10 PM PDT · by decimon · 55 replies
    Brown University ^ | May 30, 2011 | Varied
    Greenland's early Viking settlers were subjected to rapidly changing climate. Temperatures plunged several degrees in a span of decades, according to research from Brown University. A reconstruction of 5,600 years of climate history from lakes near the Norse settlement in western Greenland also shows how climate affected the Dorset and Saqqaq cultures. Results appear in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — The end of the Norse settlements on Greenland likely will remain shrouded in mystery. While there is scant written evidence of the colony’s demise in the 14th and early 15th centuries, archaeological remains can...
  • Ancient Greenland gene map has a surprise

    02/11/2010 8:24:26 AM PST · by FredJake · 37 replies · 1,333+ views
    Yahoo News ^ | 2/11/10 | y Maggie Fox,
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Scientists have sequenced the DNA from four frozen hairs of a Greenlander who died 4,000 years ago in a study they say takes genetic technology into several new realms. Surprisingly, the long-dead man appears to have originated in Siberia and is unrelated to modern Greenlanders, Morten Rasmussen of the University of Copenhagen and colleagues found. "This provides evidence for a migration from Siberia into the New World some 5,500 years ago, independent of that giving rise to the modern Native Americans and Inuit," the researchers wrote in Thursday's issue of the journal Nature. Not only can...
  • Frozen Hair Yields First Ancient Human Genome

    02/10/2010 12:57:13 PM PST · by decimon · 59 replies · 1,143+ views
    Live Science ^ | Feb 10, 2010 | Andrea Thompson
    A few tufts of hair frozen in the permafrost of Greenland for more than 4,000 years have allowed scientists to sequence the genome of an ancient human for the first time. The hairs belonged to a member of the ancient Saqqaq culture of Greenland, the first humans known to inhabit the icy island. Scientists have long wondered where the Saqqaq came from and whether or not they were the ancestors of today's modern Inuit and Greenlanders. The new findings, detailed in the Feb. 11 issue of the journal Nature, have helped to settle that question. The hairs also tell about...
  • 600-Year-Old American Indian Historical Account Has Old Norse Words

    03/06/2011 12:45:36 PM PST · by blam · 99 replies · 1+ views
    The Guard- blogspot ^ | 3-15-2007 | Larry Stroud
    600-Year-Old American Indian Historical Account Has Old Norse WordsBy Larry Stroud, Guard Associate EditorPublished on Thursday March 15, 2007 Vikings and Algonquins. The first American multi-culturalists? BIG BAY, Mich. — Two experts on ancient America may have solved not only the mysterious disappearance of Norse from the Western Settlement of Greenland in the 1300s, but also are deciphering Delaware (Lenape) Indian history, which they’re finding is written in the Old Norse language. The history tells how some of the Delaware’s ancestors migrated west to America across a frozen sea and intermarried with the Delaware and other Algonquin Indians. Myron Paine,...
  • Canada seeks to compensate indigenous taken from families

    10/30/2017 7:54:24 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 13 replies
    Associated Press ^ | Oct 30, 2017 6:18 PM EDT | Rob Gillies
    Colleen Cardinal often wondered why her parents turned bright red in the sun but she grew dark along with her sisters. The puzzle was solved when she was a young teen, and the woman she had thought of as her mother disclosed that she had been picked out of a catalog of native children available for adoption. Cardinal was one of thousands of indigenous children taken from their birth families from the 1960s to mid-1980s and sent to live with white families, who officials at the time insisted could give them better care. Many lost touch with their original culture...
  • Ancient DNA Sheds New Light on Arctic's Earliest People

    08/28/2014 4:40:35 PM PDT · by afraidfortherepublic · 23 replies
    National Geographic ^ | 8-28-14 | Heather Pringle
    The earliest people in the North American Arctic remained isolated from others in the region for millennia before vanishing around 700 years ago, a new genetic analysis shows. The study, published online Thursday, also reveals that today's Inuit and Native Americans of the Arctic are genetically distinct from the region's first settlers. Inuit hunters in the Canadian Arctic have long told stories about a mysterious ancient people known as the Tunit, who once inhabited the far north. Tunit men, they recalled, possessed powerful magic and were strong enough to crush the neck of a walrus and singlehandedly haul the massive...
  • Kimmirut site suggests early European contact [ Vikings ]

    09/15/2008 8:58:05 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 3 replies · 124+ views
    Nunatsiaq News ^ | September 12, 2008 | Jane George
    Vikings - or perhaps other Europeans - may have set up housekeeping and traded with Inuit 1,000 years ago near today's community of Kimmirut. That's the picture of the past emerging from ancient artifacts found near Kimmirut, where someone collected Arctic hare fur and spun the fur into yarn and someone else carved notches into a wooden stick to record trading transactions. Dorset Inuit probably didn't make the yarn and tally sticks because yarn and wood weren't part of Inuit culture at that time, said Patricia Sutherland, an archeologist with the Canadian Museum of Civilization. Other artifacts from the area,...
  • Strand of Ancient Yarn Suggests Early European Presence in Canada

    07/21/2004 10:54:03 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies · 483+ views
    New York Times ^ | May 8, 2001 | editors
    Patricia Sutherland, a Canadian archaeologist, announced that she had found a 10 foot strand of ancient yarn in a collection of Dorset artifacts from Northern Baffin Island that were lying uncataloged here at the Canadian Museum of Civilization, where she is a curator. Since the Dorset, forerunners of today's Inuit inhabitants of northern Canada, at the time dressed only in cut and stitched skins, the yarn implied contact with the Norse. Now, as she studies of Canadian collections of native artifacts, she says, "I am finding new Norse materials every couple of weeks. It suggests there was a significant...
  • Eskimo study suggests high consumption of omega-3s reduces obesity-related disease risk

    03/24/2011 5:02:18 PM PDT · by decimon · 13 replies
    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center ^ | March 24, 2011 | Unknown
    Fish-rich diet linked to reduction in markers of chronic disease risk in overweight/obese peopleSEATTLE – A study of Yup'ik Eskimos in Alaska, who on average consume 20 times more omega-3 fats from fish than people in the lower 48 states, suggests that a high intake of these fats helps prevent obesity-related chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. The study, led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and conducted in collaboration with the Center for Alaska Native Health Research at the University of Alaska-Fairbanks, was published online March 23 in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. "Because...
  • Rush for iron spurred Inuit ancestors to sprint across Arctic, book contends

    02/10/2010 4:03:00 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 42 replies · 705+ views
    Vancouver Sun ^ | February 8, 2010 | Randy Boswell, Canwest News Service
    One of Canada's top archeologists argues in a new book that the prehistoric ancestors of this country's 55,000 Inuit probably migrated rapidly from Alaska clear across the Canadian North in just a few years -- not gradually over centuries as traditionally assumed -- after they learned about a rich supply of iron from a massive meteorite strike on Greenland's west coast. The startling theory, tentatively floated two decades ago by Canadian Museum of Civilization curator emeritus Robert McGhee, has been bolstered by recent research indicating a later and faster migration of the ancient Thule Inuit across North America's polar frontier...
  • Inuit village blames climate change for strange events

    06/04/2009 8:27:06 PM PDT · by JoeProBono · 15 replies · 614+ views
    hostednews ^ | 5 hours ago | Alexander Panetta
    PANGNIRTUNG, Nunavut — The fish changed colour. New bird species were spotted. Two bridges were wiped out by a once-in-a-lifetime flood that forced villagers to dump sewage into their pristine waters. The locals say strange things happened last year in this snow-peaked, sapphire-watered hamlet by the Arctic circle. And they have a message for city-dwellers who might normally be indifferent to the bizarre weather in an Inuit village 1,000 kilometres north of Labrador: This is what climate change looks like. "Climate change is real," says Ron Mongeau, the town manager of Pangnirtung, a postcard-pretty spot girded by mountains and glacial...
  • Inuit and viking contact in ancient times

    03/02/2009 3:04:03 PM PST · by BGHater · 4 replies · 906+ views
    The Arctic Sounder ^ | 26 Feb 2009 | RONALD BROWER
    Editor’s note: This is the second of two parts. There are many stories of “Qalunaat,” white-skinned strangers who were encountered in Inuit occupied lands in times of old. Much of the traditional life had changed by the 1840s when Hinrich Johannes Rink went to Greenland to study geology and later became the governor of Greenland. Johannes was soon drawn to a new interest in the Inuit language and folklore, which he viewed as national treasures. He published old stories collected in 1866 “Tales and Traditions of the Eskimo” in which he included some early contact stories with the Qalunaat. In...
  • Inukpasuit, Inuit and Viking contact in ancient times

    02/18/2009 6:45:35 AM PST · by BGHater · 16 replies · 814+ views
    The Arctic Sounder ^ | 12 Feb 2009 | Ronald Brower
    There are many stories of ‘Qavlunaat,’ white-skinned strangers who were encountered in Inuit-occupied lands in times of old. Stories of contact between these foreign people and Inuit were passed down the generations and used mostly to scare children to behave “or the Qavlunaat will get them.” This sparked my curiosity to explore both sides of the encounters from written records and Inuit oral legends to see if some of these events can be correlated. One must recall that these legends were passed down orally in the Inupiaq language. Inuit myths and legends of contact with other people were passed from...
  • The Inuit Paradox

    08/17/2008 12:31:54 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies · 534+ views
    Discover ^ | October 1, 2004 | Patricia Gadsby
    Shaped by glacial temperatures, stark landscapes, and protracted winters, the traditional Eskimo diet had little in the way of plant food, no agricultural or dairy products, and was unusually low in carbohydrates. Mostly people subsisted on what they hunted and fished. Inland dwellers took advantage of caribou feeding on tundra mosses, lichens, and plants too tough for humans to stomach (though predigested vegetation in the animals' paunches became dinner as well). Coastal people exploited the sea. The main nutritional challenge was avoiding starvation in late winter if primary meat sources became too scarce or lean. These foods hardly make up...
  • Targeting the Weak ( Muslims )

    07/06/2008 7:35:40 PM PDT · by george76 · 22 replies · 127+ views
    Gates of Vienna ^ | July 05, 2008 | Baron Bodissey
    Greenlanders driven out of their homes due to racist assaults. Residents’ Board is powerless when it comes to young, violent Arabs assaulting tenants. Many Greenlanders living in Gjellerup Park ...are fed up. After several years of racist persecution and harassment by Arab and Somali tenants, they’ve now chosen to abandon the place. “I couldn’t stand being their target. It was a psychological stress. But I’m angry that we were the ones to leave. After all, they were the ones to attack us,” says Johanne Christiansen. Together with the others she got the municipality’s help to move out. Greenlanders in Gjellerup...
  • Inuit Oral Stories Could Solve Mystery Of Franklin Expedition

    06/26/2008 5:59:47 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 1,739+ views
    The Gazette ^ | 6-25-2008 | Randy Boswell
    Inuit oral stories could solve mystery of Franklin expedition Randy Boswell, Canwest News Service Published: Wednesday, June 25 More than 150 years after the disappearance of the Erebus and Terror - the famously ill-fated ships of the lost Franklin Expedition - fresh clues have emerged that could help solve Canadian history's most enduring mystery. A Montreal writer set to publish a book on Inuit oral chronicles from the era of Arctic exploration says she's gathered a "hitherto unreported" account of a British ship wintering in 1850 in the Royal Geographical Society Islands - a significant distance west of the search...
  • Could the “Greenland example” help resolve the Parthenon Marbles dispute?

    03/03/2007 8:20:21 AM PST · by aculeus · 4 replies · 400+ views
    The Art Newspaper ^ | February 24, 2007 | By Martin Bailey
    LONDON. A possible solution to the Parthenon Marbles dispute between the British Museum and the Greek government has come from a most unlikely source — a gathering in Greenland. Meeting in the depths of the Arctic winter, museum professionals and representatives of indigenous peoples recently assembled in the tiny capital of Nuuk (formerly Godthab) to discuss global strategies on repatriation of cultural heritage. The Greeks had originally decided to send Minister of Culture Georgios Voulgarakis, but when his officials examined the flight schedule, they realised that he would have to leave Athens for a whole week, missing too much government...
  • Quebec community cool to Darwin

    05/22/2006 8:14:10 AM PDT · by RightWingAtheist · 984 replies · 6,739+ views
    Montreal Gazette via ^ | May 20 2006 | Alison Lampert
    A high school science teacher vowed yesterday to continue telling his Inuit students about Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, despite complaints from parents in the northern Quebec community of Salluit. Science teacher Alexandre April was given a written reprimand last month by his principal at Ikusik High School for discussing evolution in class. Parents in the village 1,860 kilometres north of Montreal complained their children had been told they came from apes. "I am a biologist. ... This is what I'm passionate about," said April, who teaches Grades 7 and 8. "It interests the students. It gets them asking questions....
  • Buckshot Ingestion

    12/29/2005 5:05:37 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 19 replies · 537+ views
    New England Journal of Medicine ^ | Dec. 29, 2005 | William M. Cox, M.D. , Gene R. Pesola, M.D., M.P.H.
    A 73-year-old Inuit woman was referred for a barium enema after an incomplete colonoscopy. A preliminary abdominal radiograph showed that the appendix was completely full of lead shot, with the contour of the appendix easily visualized. The natives of northern and western Alaska hunt waterfowl in the spring and fall and often inadvertently swallow some of the lead shot embedded in the meat. Although most of the metal undoubtedly passes through the intestine over time, buckshot in the appendix is commonly seen in Alaskan natives (but usually not to the extent pictured here). Decades of ingestion probably resulted in this...