Skip to comments.ADMís Involvement In Child Endangerment ExposedAt VII Latin Film Festival In Miami April 11-20
Posted on 04/23/2003 9:32:11 PM PDT by CHACHI
ADMs Involvement In Child Endangerment Exposed
At VII Latin Film Festival In Miami April 11-20
Covering Cuba 3: Elián
By: David Hoech
April 21, 2003
On April 22, 2000, the day before Easter, in a pre-dawn paramilitary raid more than 150 federal agents stormed the home of Lázaro González in Miami, Florida. The INS Border Patrol and ATF teams ransacked the house trampling a crucifix and a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary. One of the agents pointed a gun at Lázaros daughter Marisleysis chest shouting, Give me the f--king boy or Ill shoot. What preceded this action was the role Archer Daniels Midland Company and its chairman emeritus Dwayne O. Andreas played that made this a dark day for democracy.
Andreas, known as the great puppeteer, pulled the strings of his bought and paid for puppets to deliver Elián back to his dictator friend Castro. The puppets in this saga include Governor George H. Ryan of Illinois, Sister Jeanne OLaughlin, president of Barry University, representative Maxine Waters (D-CA), National Council of Churches Joan Brown Campbell, Robert Edgar general secretary, and Andrew Young, president of the National Council of Churches who is also an ADM board member since 1997. Other puppets include former US presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, also other puppets too numerous to mention.
After having dinner with Fidel Castro in the fall of 1995 in New York City, Andreas said he came away impressed. In a July 14, 1996 interview with Peter Carlson of The Washington Post Magazine titled The Player, Dwayne Andreas and the American System Andreas says of Castro, Hes very pro-business now, never mind what he was
But the amazing thing to me is: Clinton wont meet with him. Nixon met with communists all the time. Reagan did, and George Bush. Why the hell do you suppose Clinton wont meet with this fellow in this beautiful little island, which is a great place for an American to go and do business? Carlson stated that this was a rhetorical question. He knows the answer the Cuban-American vote in Florida. Castro I am going to go down and see him, Andreas says. I want to put a refinery there. Carlson said to Andreas, Its not legal for American companies to do business with Cuba, but Dwayne Andreas isnt worried about that. Im going to have our Spanish subsidiary do it, Andreas says, because we dont control them, so its perfectly legal for them to do it. Itll be sugar out, cooking oil in, he says. Perfect! They get much richer. We all get richer.
In 1996 Dwayne Andreas donated $1 million to the United Council of Churches Burned Churches Fund. This money was supposed to be used to rebuild black churches that were burned down. No one at the UCC could confirm that any churches benefited from this donation. What we do know is that the UCC furnished the money to build the AFROCUBAWEB, after which the Black Caucus became very much interested in Cuba and began making numerous trips.
On October 15, 1996 ADM agreed to pay a $100 million fine to the Department of Justice for rigging prices in feed and food additives. They got a sweetheart deal from the DOJ, and the Washington law firm of Williams & Connolly succeeded in having the whistle blower Dr. Mark E. Whitacre sentenced to nine and half years in prison. I highly recommend every American read Rats in the Grain, The Dirty Tricks and Trials of Archer Daniels Midland The Supermarket to the World. No other book has ever been written, nor will probably be written that depicts how corporate criminal empires are built. It should be required reading in every business and law school. One must read the book to understand how ADM can go into a country like Cuba to accomplish what Castro desires and also fulfill ADMs desires. ADM has a long history of dealing with dictators such as Castro.
In 1997 Alfiza a Spanish firm invested $65 million in Cuba for the construction of a refinery for the production of alcohol from molasses. The office in Spain of Alfiza wasnt incorporated, but it did have a phone number listed. The firm wholly owned by ADM has since been closed. It was utilized for procuring equipment for the refinery and funneling money into Cuba. Strange as it seems the refinery is located in Cárdenas, the hometown of Eliáns father Juan González. As James Lieber wrote in the paperback edition of Rats in the Grain, In all likelihood, ADMs penchant for cultivating Cuba goes deeper than its historic affinity for doing business with dictators. Ultimately, the very viability of the company may hinge on it. The reason is simple. Democratization of Cuba and the true normalization of ties with the US would mean free marketing on the mainland of vast quantities of Cuban sugar. The surge would destroy the strange toehold of ADMs biggest artificial cash crop, high fructose corn syrup. By establishing close relations with Havanas leadership and making inroads into the islands farm economy, ADM would position itself to influence post embargo Cuban sugar policy. It would be very much in ADMs interest to be able to depress the production of Cuban sugar, convert it to molasses, or otherwise divert it from the mainland market dominated by high fructose corn syrup. This year California will become a large consumer of ethanol to be blended with the gasoline. Some suspect ADM will ship ethanol from Cuba through Mexico to sell in California, destroying sugar production in Cuba and obtaining a larger share of the ethanol market in California.
In 1998 Dwayne Andreas went to Cuba for private meetings with Castro. Also in 1998 ADM donated 100 metric tons of soy-based products through the Federal Association of the Order of Malta, an International Catholic Relief Organization. Andreas is known for using Catholic organizations and other non-governmental organizations to further his entry into dictatorial regimes. Food is always important to dictators who usually are not self-sufficient but use food to control the people. Andreas, functions better dealing with dictators like himself, who ignore the rule of law. In 1999 ADM once again donated 100 metric tons of powdered soy beverages for distribution to children within the Republic of Cuba through Caritas Cubana, also affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church.
On January 19, 1999 Fidel Castro entertained for six hours the U. S. Congressional Black Caucus led by Congresswoman Maxine Waters (D-CA). Also in attendance were Congresswomen Shelia Jackson Lee (D-TX), Barbara Lee (C-CA), Julie Carson (D-IN) and Congressmen Gregory Meeks (D-NY) and Earl Hilliardorf (D-AL). This visit was confirmed and later was posted on the AFROCUBAWEB. Once again Andreas the puppeteer is strategically training his puppets for ADMs foray into Cuba.
In early May 1999 Ron Warfield, president of the Illinois Farm Bureau, was part of the American Farm Bureau delegation visiting Havana, Cuba. Warfield had quoted various figures including $1 billion concerning the amount of business available in Cuba. I asked him where he came up with these figures and he stated They were given to me when I visited Cuba. He couldnt tell me exactly who gave them to him. The Farm Bureau, which decides who heads up the Farm Bureau in Illinois and also in other key states, has been under the spell of ADM for years.
On October 8, 1999 Fernando Remírez de Estenoz, chief of the Cuban Interests Section visited the headquarters of Archer Daniels Midland in Decatur, Illinois. He also met with Governor Ryan the day before and spoke at the University of Illinois, all arranged by ADM. Remírez de Estenoz told ADM executives, Cuba regards Illinois as a very important state, one that will greatly impact the future of relations between Cuba and the United States. He was transported to Decatur on ADMs airplane, the same one used to fly Eliáns grandmothers, UCC members, and Elián. Arrogance, a common trait of dictators, is one of the many trademarks of ADM and the Andreas Crime Family.
On October 11, 1999 Andrew Young was installed as the new president of the United Council of Churches and Robert Edgar as the general secretary. Dwayne Andreas was also at the installation ceremony and donated $100,000 to the United Council of Churches. Andreas explained that he was an old friend of Reverend Joan Brown Campbell, the outgoing general secretary who was being replaced by former congressman Edgar. Andreas had to reactivate Revered Campbell during the Elián saga, as Edgar proved to be incompetent. $100,000 talks loud. This information was obtained from the November 12, 1999 issue of the Methodist New Feature. In the same issue Edgar spoke how well he worked with Andrew Young when they both were congressmen. Young had been recruited by ADM as a board member in 1997, the same year ADM built the alcohol plant in Cárdenas.
In late October 1999 Illinois Republican Governor George Ryan and his entourage of over 40 dignitaries including ADMs CEO G. Allen Andreas and senior vice president Richard P. Reising, former general counsel, left on an officially sponsored humanitarian mission to Cuba. They could not go as a trade mission, as it would violate the U.S. trade embargo, so they took along $2 million worth of medicines, education supplies and clothing. On October 26, Governor Ryan spoke at the University of Havana stating that all he had seen and heard during his visit only convinced him further of the need to eliminate the embargo imposed in 1962. I definitely see a strong need, he said. Among people in Illinois it is well known that whatever ADM wants from Ryan they will receive. Once again the Puppeteer Andreas is getting more spokespeople for his entry into Cuba and will call upon them when needed. Martin Andreas the nephew of Dwayne and ADM senior vice president told the Decatur Herald & Review, ADM would consider building a vegetable oil plant in Cuba if the market opens. It is rumored ADM went ahead and built the plant, but did it through an overseas company just as they did with the alcohol plant going through Spain.
On November 25, 1999 Elián González was rescued at sea. The finding of young Elián warmed the hearts of people all over the world, and we were reminded that miracles do happen. At this joyous time one could not imagine the future turn of events that would scar that day and this country forever. According to the United States Coast Guard over 84,000 Cubans have lost their lives in the waters between Cuba and southern Florida. One would ask why so many risk dying for freedom. Just ask Cubans who have survived the escape, and you will have the answer. Agustín Blázquez, filmmaker/journalist and producer/director of Covering Cuba: 3 Elián, Blázquez told the The New American, vol. 16 no. 11, May 22, 2000 that he lived in fear 24 hours a day. Blázquez who escaped Cuba when he was 21 years old stated, Thats life under Castro. But thats so foreign to the experience of most Americans, and the U.S. media has been so bad about romanticizing Castro and covering up the reality of his tyranny that Americans are clueless about the true state of things in Cuba.
As the turn of the century was celebrated, Andreas and Castro each concentrated on his own particular agenda at the time. Andreas wanted the largest trade show in 40 years wholly sponsored by ADM to open January 25 to be successful. Castro wanted assurance that Elián González would be returned to Cuba. Castros request was easy for Andreas, pulling the strings of his puppets in government would be all it took. What unfolded in the months ahead would once again prove that Andreas can and will deliver.
On January 6, 2000 Maxine Waters stated She supports National Council of Churches of the United States role in the return of Elián González to the Cuba Council of Churches to be then turned over to Juan González. Her announcement coincided with INS Commissioner Doris Meissners statement that Elián should be reunited with his father in Cuba.
The Healthcare Exhibition sponsored by ADM opened on January 25, 2000 with a ribbon cutting ceremony by none other than Congresswoman Maxine Waters, accompanied by Congresswoman Barbara Lee. John Kavulich, president of the U.S. Cuba Trade and Economic Council another non-governmental organization heavily funded by ADM, said the exhibition is The single most important commercial event to take place in Cuba in more than 40 years.
On January 26, 2000 Eliáns grandmothers meet with Elián at the home of Sister Jeanne OLaughlin, president of Barry University the site of the Andreas School of Business which explains why the meeting was at Sister Jeannes house on the Barry campus. Inez Andreas was chairman of Barrys board of trustees for 18 years and is now chairman emeritus. While the meeting was taking place Cuban American National Foundation officials were sighted in the yard of the house next door, where they had been invited by the homeowner. Ninoska Pérez, a foundation spokeswoman told the Miami Herald, Sister Jeanne herself knocked on the neighbors door and said the Cuban government had complained about the exiles presence there. Forget about the face Sister Jeanne put on for the public, she knew on which side her bread was buttered. Barry University received a $5 million gift from Dwayne Andreas in May right after the raid on the González home. While the grandmothers were in Sister Jeannes home Mariela Quintana, Eliáns paternal grandmother, spoke on Cuban television about the visit. Quintana said in the interview that she did some mischievous things. She said she wanted to see if he had no little tongue. I took it out of his mouth, I bit it. Then she asked to see his private parts, presumably to see how much he had grown. Shame on everyone involved in sending this boy back to this grandmother.
Paul Brinkmann of the Decatur Herald & Review was in Cuba covering the ADM sponsored exhibition. In an article dated January 27, 2000 titled Cuban government considering ADM joint venture Brinkmann wrote, ADM has been heavily involved in current events regarding Cuba. The company is the chief sponsor of the Healthcare Exhibition. In addition, ADM officials have been involved in the ongoing controversy over 6-year-old Elián González. Andrew Young, a member of the ADM board of directors, is the president of the U.S. Council of Churches, which has sponsored the visit of González grandmothers to the United States in an effort to return the boy to Cuba. Brinkmann was later removed from covering ADM and eventually asked to leave the paper.
Humberto Cabezas, director of international relations for the Cuban Ministry of Food, said to Brinkmann in an interview that ADM is not our competitor. We should cooperate. That sounds like the Dwayne Andreas philosophy on markets, as he put it to his son recorded on FBI tapes during the price fixing investigation of ADM. Andreas stated that The customer is our enemy and the competitor is our friend. ADM wants to control markets, not compete in them. This philosophy was also cited in the article Corporate Predators, The Hunt For Mega-Profits and The Attack on Democracy by Russell Mokhiber/Russell Weissman There isnt one grain of anything in the world that is sold in a free market, Dwayne told Mother Jones in 1995, not one! The only place you see a free market is in the speeches of politicians. People who are not from the Midwest do not understand that this is a socialist country. Andreas has done more to destroy the American family farm than any thing in the history of this country. Castros control over the Cuban people is just want Andreas wants over the American people.
According to Maxine Waters website, she and Barbara Lee went to meet Juan González at his home in Cárdenas January 27, 2000. On January 28 Waters held a meeting to convey support for Eliáns grandmothers.
The ADM Shareholders Watch Committee had been faxing information and documents to many newspapers about ADMs involvement in Eliáns situation. But only one newspaper in the U.S. would touch the story, the Decatur Herald & Review, which carried an article published while Brinkmann was in Cuba with information supplied by the ADMSW Committee. The committee had to contact the London Financial Times, which ran a big story titled Boy at heart of a bitter Cuba political struggle, by Nancy Dunne and Pascal Fletcher. The article covered ADMs involvement and quoted James Lieber author of Rats in the Grain, There are strong ADM connections in all this. It would be almost three months before anything is written about ADMs role.
In an article on February 2 Al Kamen columnist for the Washington Post wrote about a lawyer in Chicago Jeffery J. Leving who filed papers to have Elián returned to Cuba. Leving also wrote former President Carter to mediate a settlement. Leving said, Any legal outcome not reached by a mediated agreement of the parties may likely lead to civil unrest. Carter answered Leving, I am totally and publicly in favor of the boy being returned to his father in Cuba, so I lack the neutrality expected of a mediator. Best Wishes, Jimmy C. Carter is a very good friend of Dwayne Andreas who purchased Carters peanut farm for twice what it was worth. Carter also appointed Andrew Young to the United Nations. Some feel this filing and letter to Carter were to get him on the record in favor of sending Elián back to Castro.
February finds Maxine Waters busy with her duties as one of ADMs puppets. Waters February 17, 2000 press release reads, She was catapulted into action on this case, because she is the descendant of slaves whose families were destroyed by slavery. Waters said families should not be separated by governmental bureaucracy or by anyone else. I take it that Waters would have sent a slave back to its owner in the South after they had made it North via the underground railroad. The puppeteer Andreas should have gotten new strings for her mouth after such a stupid statement.
Eliáns dad hires ex-Clinton attorney proclaims the Miami Herald on March 10, 2000. After months of doing without an attorney, Elián Gonzálezs father has hired one of President Clintons former impeachment lawyers, Gregory B. Craig, to represent him in the battle to regain custody of his son. Juan González couldnt afford to hire Craig for an hour, yet Craig stated, It was González, and not Cuban officials who decided to hire him. Craig is with the firm of Williams & Connolly who represents ADM. Funds to pay for his legal fees were guaranteed by ADM. In an audio taped conversation Ms. Middeworth of Church of the Society, which was soliciting money for the Juan González legal fund, told me that Dwayne and Inez Andreas both gave $10,000 each to the fund. When reporters called Dwaynes secretary she lied that they had not donated funds. Later it was confirmed that other members of the family each gave the same amount. Of course, she came by lying honestly after working for Dwayne for so many years. On FBI undercover tapes (May 27 and June 1, 1993) the following conversation was recorded of Terrance Wilson a group vice president at ADM involved in price fixing. The big problem is to remember what lies Ive told. Always you have to do that. He said you really should write it down. Wilson said thats what Dwayne Andreas told him, So you dont ever forget em. Andreas a self-admitted liar is quoted in the book Brokers, Bagmen & Moles on page 186 concerning his participation in an illegal operation at the Chicago Board of Trade: Cagey as ever, Andreas still will not talk directly about his role in operation sourmash. Asked about it, he at first denies any participation. Reminded that the government discussed minor details of ADMs role, Andreas has an odd response We didnt have anything to do with it, he says. And if we did, Id lie to you about it anyway. The apple didnt fall far from the tree, as his children have mastered his skills in that department. The Andreas school of business at Barry should be renamed the School of Criminal Business.
On March 21, 2000 Maxine Waters urges attorney general Janet Reno to exercise her authority, to stop this madness and return Elián to his father, his relatives and his and his schoolmates in Cuba immediately.
Greg Craig interviewed by Diane Sawyer on March 28, 2000 said, We have been trying to get the family in Miami to cooperate for almost three months. That seems strange, since he only went to work for Juan on March 9. He was already on the ADM team at Williams & Connolly; he just surfaced in March. When I called and left questions with his secretary concerning his involvement, I never received an answer as to when he went to work for Juan.
The following article appeared in the Orlando Sentinel the day after the tragic extraction of Elian from the Gonzalez home.
Is Little Elian just a pawn in an international business scheme?
By: Charley Reese, Columnist
Published in The Orlando Sentinel on April 23, 2000
Mash almost any of Americas foreign-policy postules(sic) and what will ooze out is big business in pursuit of money. It now seems that even little Elian Gonzalez has become a pawn in an international business scheme.
By the time you read this, some outcome may have occurred. Nevertheless what follows is important background. All of the information comes from the Archer Daniels Midland Shareholders Watch Committee.
In the fall of 1995, ADMs chairman, Dwayne Andreas, met with Fidel Castro for dinner in New York. In July 1996, Andreas announced that he was going to Cuba to see Castro. He said he contemplated building a refinery in Cuba but would do it through a Spanish subsidiary because of the trade embargo.
In 1997, a Spanish company invested $65 million in Cuba for a refinery for the production of alcohol from molasses. In October 1999, Martin Andreas, senior vice president, said ADM would consider constructing a vegetable-oil plant in Cuba if the market were open.
Last January the Cuban government announced that it is moving toward consideration of a joint-venture type of relationship with ADM. In February, ADM announced plans for another trade exhibition in Havana in December.
What has this got to do with Elian Gonzalez? Well, there are a lot of interesting coincidences. Remember the meeting with the grandmothers at the home of the president of Barry University?
Dwayne Andreas is a large contributor to Barry University, and his wife is a graduate and is past chairman of the board of trustees. The president of the university was initially in favor of returning Elian to his fatheruntil the meeting with the grandmothers convinced her that the Cuban Government was calling the shots.
Last October, Andrew Young, an ADM board member and member of the public-policy committee, was installed as president of the National Council of Churches, an old left front group, which has taken the lead in urging that Elian be returned to his father.
Gregory Craig, the high-priced lawyer who suddenly materialized to represent Juan Gonzalez, who couldnt afford two seconds of Craigs time, is part of a law firm that also represents ADM. Craig is ostensibly being paid by the National Council of Churches.
That seems like an awful lot of coincidences linking Elian Gonzalez with ADM, which calls itself the supermarket to the world. Castro is like any other communist dictator. If you want to cut deals with him, you have to kiss his backside. If you want to open a news bureau in Havana, you have to kiss his backside. Castro wants the kid back, and what do you know?
A leftist church group and a high-priced lawyer, both with ADM connections, pop up to lead the campaign. And, no surprise, the big American news media jump on the same bandwagon.
Castro, by the way, has already said Elian will be sent to a boarding school in Havana, where Cuban psychologists will straighten out his mind. Castros daughter, who lives in Spain, had already warned that would be Elians fate if hes handed over to the dictator.
The Cuban exile community has always known that the question is not one of familial custody but one of freedom or a kid being sacrificed to a ruthless communist dictator.
One day I may find an American foreign policy that does not cause me to become nauseated. By and large, it is safe to say that the American government generally disgusts me, as do much of American big business and much of the American news media. Liberty gets a cold reception from all three.
Charley Reese spent the week before publishing his column doing fact checking. The article was submitted on Friday, April 21, 2000. Those close to the negotiations between the González family and Janet Reno said everything started deteriorating the Wednesday before the raid. If this information would have been published before the raid, chances are the outcome would have been different. ADM could not risk this article coming out with Elián still in the González home, and therefore the extraction took place early on April 22. From early January 2000 the ADM Shareholder Watch Committee had been sending information via mail, fax, FedEx and speaking on the phone with the Miami Herald, but they would not touch anything that exposed ADM.
On August 2, 2000 Manny Díaz, one of the attorneys for the González family told James B. Lieber, Carol Hoech and myself that every time he spoke with Janet Reno she said she couldnt give him an answer until she checked with Gregory Craig. Craig knew his firm would lose millions if they lost the ADM account, so whatever Andreas wanted Craig would deliver. Neither President Clinton nor Janet Reno made the decision for the extraction. That came from Craig who had his marching orders from Andreas in early January to return Elián to Castro.
On October 7, 2000 I received a telephone call from Sister Jeanne concerning an article I had written. She said that Rats in the Grain was full of lies. I asked her to please point out the lies, and she could not. She went on to say that the undercover tapes recorded by an ADM employee tricked the Andreases. I said the company pled guilty to price fixing and paid a 100 million dollar fine. She said so what, Walgreens fixes prices too. I was shocked that the good sister would be defending an admitted criminal and accusing a national chain of drugstores for fixing prices. She is a typical Andreas puppet who will say or do whatever necessary to protect him. She did confirm that in May the university received 5 million dollars from Dwayne Andreas. She referred to Elián as that boy, which reminded me of President Clinton referring to Miss Lewinsky as that woman. Whoever receives money from Andreas must abide by the golden rule law, which is, Andreas gives the gold so he makes the rules.
If we want to keep democracy, we must become our own media.The website http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ForFreedomandJustice sponsored by Rosa Bengochea (AKA RCBchachi) has been educating the public about ADM for almost three years. And also, exposing a dirty reporter from the New York Times by the name of Kurt Eichenwald.
David & Carol Hoech founded the ADM Shareholders Watch Committee on July 17, 1995 to expose the criminal activity at ADM. They are partners in Global Consultants Inc., and both are civil rights activists. They reside in Hallandale Beach, Florida.
Tel: 954-456-5259 E-Mail: Globalfl1@peoplepc.com
This pig Andreas, is just the type of PREDATORY CAPITALIST that makes Americans so H A T E D around the world ... enough so that crazy people want to blow-up (OKC) and suicide themselves by ramming jets into our sky-scrapers, killing anything American they can get to.
Arca Foundation Backed (Smith Bagley) U.S. Anti-Embargo Group Disbands Over Cuba Actions [Full Text] WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The chairman and board of directors of a group that has pushed for an end to the U.S. embargo on Cuba announced their resignations on Wednesday to protest executions and jailings on the communist-run island. "The regime's sudden, wholesale repression of human rights is incomprehensible as a matter of policy, and unacceptable as a matter of principle," leaders of the nonprofit Cuba Policy Foundation said in a statement.
In the last month, Cuba has imprisoned 75 dissidents for terms of up to 28 years in a move to stamp out pro-democratic opposition to Cuban President Fidel Castro's one-party state. It shocked human rights organizations two weeks ago with the execution by firing squad of three men who hijacked a ferry in a bid to cross the Florida Straits to the United States.
The Cuba Policy Foundation has been a driving force behind recent efforts in Congress to lift the four-decade-old U.S. economic embargo. The group argued the embargo has failed in its objective of promoting democratic change in Cuba and has hurt sales opportunities for U.S. farmers and other exporters. Brian Alexander, former executive director of the foundation, said the disbanded group still believes the United States would benefit from increased economic ties with Cuba. "But we also feel that under Fidel Castro significant change in Cuba will be very hard to come by. I hate to use the phrase 'death watch,' but the man has made it clear that unilateral efforts by the United States at improving relations will be rebuffed and they will be rebuffed violently," he said.
The group's chairman, William Rogers, was a top State Department official for Latin American and economic affairs during the administration of former President Gerald Ford in the 1970s. Alexander said the group received its funding from a number of sources, including companies and individuals interested in seeing the embargo ended. The Cuba Policy Foundation will cease its daily operations, but remain in existence as a corporation, he said.[End]
Sally Grooms Cowal's (Elian's D.C. Youth for Understanding "hostess") group.
These are the predatory practices which when foisted upon the rest of the world, create such pervasive hatred for any and ALL Americans.
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.