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The wealth of nations is mapped by their IQ
Times [UK] ^ | November 10, 2003 | Glen Owen

Posted on 03/11/2004 6:09:41 AM PST by twas

Research says that intelligence is the largest factor behind economic success

A COUNTRY’S prosperity is closely related to the average IQ of its population, according to research that has mapped global intelligence levels.

The study of 60 countries identified a clear correlation between assessments of national mental ability and real gross domestic product, or GDP.

The authors of the work said that the findings showed that international aid agencies should do more to improve the nutrition of pregnant women and infants — the most important environmental determinant of intelligence — to help to lift developing nations out of poverty.

Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Ulster, and Tatu Vanhanen, Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Tampere in Finland, tested the non-verbal reasoning abilities of a representative sample of the different populations. They found that the countries of the Pacific Rim had the highest intelligence scores: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong and Singapore averaged IQs of about 105.

The next brightest were the populations of Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, averaging 100. In South Asia, North Africa and most Latin American countries, the score was an average of about 85, and in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean closer to 70.

Set against international measures of economic performance, the academics concluded that about 58 per cent of the differences in national wealth could be explained by differences in intelligence. Each average IQ point above 70 was worth about £500 in GDP per head of population. The report says that people with high IQs can acquire complex skills to produce goods and services for which there is international demand.

It also says that they are more likely to develop efficient public services such as transport and telecommunications, which provide an efficient infrastructure, and are more likely to have intelligent political leaders who manage their economies effectively.

Variations from the trend could be explained by political and economic factors: countries such as China and Russia and in Eastern Europe with high average IQs (about 100) but low per capita incomes often had a history of socialist systems. These inhibited the natural relationship between skills and national wealth, the authors said.

“The per capita income in China is low — about £2,400 a year — because of the inefficiency of the communist system,” Professor Flynn said. “Now the Chinese have introduced a market economy the growth rate is rapid, about 10 per cent a year compared with about 2 per cent in Europe.

“China can be predicted to reach parity with Europe and the US in about 50 years time, and become the new economic and military superpower.”

Other variations could be explained by natural resources: the presence of oil in the Gulf states, diamonds in Botswana and the tourist-friendly climate in Bermuda, for example, all raised GDP beyond that in countries with comparable IQ ratings.

Although a large proportion of intelligence is thought to be inherited — about 50 per cent globally, according to the most recent estimates — environmental factors are also significant. Average IQs have been rising sharply in developed countries, in some by up to 25 points in a single generation.

“There is no doubt that poor nutrition has an effect on IQ levels,” Professor Flynn said. “Even in economically developed countries there are pockets of poor nutrition which affect intelligence. In Britain it is estimated that about 10 per cent of children have sub-optimum nutrition. If they are given supplements in adolecence, their IQs rise by about five points. In developing countries, where malnourishment is more serious, they would rise by between ten and fifteen points. Poor standards of health are a factor as conditions such as chronic diarrhoea affect nutrition. And it also has a detrimental effect if education standards are poor or nonexistent. It has also been suggested that the spread of ‘cognitively stimulating technology’ such as computer games — another corollary of economic development — has contributed to the rise.

“Our critics would suggest that we are confusing cause and effect, and that IQs are higher in rich countries because of better health, education and so on. But we don’t think that is likely: intelligence is the largest single factor behind national wealth. It then becomes a virtuous circle, with the benefits of the resulting affluence adding extra IQ points.”

The psychologist Oliver James said that too much reliance had been put on IQ measures as objective assessments of brainpower. “The IQ test is heavily culturally conditioned,” he said.

“In this country it tests your middle-classness and how well you know how to please the testers. The IQ of a working-class child adopted by a middle-class family will rise by about 12 points. (The authors) are confusing IQ with education. If a country has a good education system, their economy will benefit. It is rich countries that are likely to have those systems.”


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs; Government; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: iq

1 posted on 03/11/2004 6:09:42 AM PST by twas
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To: twas
The psychologist Oliver James said that too much reliance had been put on IQ measures as objective assessments of brainpower. “The IQ test is heavily culturally conditioned,” he said.

Wealthy countries developed the IQ test - so intelligence traits valued in those countries will of COURSE be weighted more heavily. But since the bias in the test is in line with the national trait being measured, it is therefore an accurate predictor of national wealth.

DUH....

2 posted on 03/11/2004 6:12:13 AM PST by dirtboy (Howard, we hardly knew ye. Not that we're complaining, mind you...)
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Comment #3 Removed by Moderator

To: twas
here comes the Bell Curve bump
4 posted on 03/11/2004 6:17:53 AM PST by prognostigaator
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To: JackRyanCIA
Actually that' not entirely true. Take you everage Amazon tribe for example. They live in total isolation and are as close to being truly free as any men on earth. And yet they are technologically equivalent to cavemen.
5 posted on 03/11/2004 6:20:50 AM PST by thedugal (I is a genious.)
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To: twas
This is very interesting. Great post.

It's also very politically incorrect -- I'm surprised an article like this can be published without some kind of charges of "hate speech."
6 posted on 03/11/2004 6:21:40 AM PST by 68skylark
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Comment #7 Removed by Moderator

To: twas
As with all socialist/fascist/commie/evil dum policies, the less educated, free and empowered the population, the more POWER theyhave. The evil dums have tried for 40 years to convince blacks that they are so downtrodden and stupid (Repubs fault don't ya know) that only some fascist Elitist Dum can take care of them. Luckily most Blacks didn't fall for it.

The teachers UNIONS hate the idea of testing. They might have to educate children instead of using them as political pawns.

8 posted on 03/11/2004 6:25:11 AM PST by marty60
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To: thedugal
"Take you everage Amazon tribe for example. They live in total isolation and are as close to being truly free as any men on earth. And yet they are technologically equivalent to cavemen."

Actually, not such a bad comparison: the Indians of the Amazon live in what can only be described as socialist societies.

9 posted on 03/11/2004 6:30:10 AM PST by Redbob (ultrakonservativen click-guerilla)
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To: twas
These researchers are suffering from a common ailment of statisticians, causality inversion.

It doesn't take a great deal of brains to bring wealth to a nation. The Wealth of Nations comes about from embracing free trade and vigorous capitalism. I even believe there's a book about that somewhere.

Wealth is created by a nation that makes a commitment to objective truth and private ownership while trusting its inhabitants to manage their own affairs. This will naturally be followed by increased education of the masses and a higher IQ.

10 posted on 03/11/2004 6:32:34 AM PST by avg_freeper (Gunga galunga. Gunga, gunga galunga)
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To: twas
I thought that an IQ of 70-75 was considered mentally retarded. Is this correct?
11 posted on 03/11/2004 6:33:54 AM PST by blam
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To: twas
REAL political incorrectness Bump.
12 posted on 03/11/2004 6:36:40 AM PST by DoctorMichael (What the %$#&!)
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To: 68skylark
"I'm surprised an article like this can be published without some kind of charges of "hate speech."

Just wait an hour or two.
13 posted on 03/11/2004 6:36:53 AM PST by Bahbah
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To: prognostigaator
BUMP for more BS pseudo-scientific reification.
14 posted on 03/11/2004 6:41:43 AM PST by I got the rope
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To: twas
"The wealth of nations is mapped by their IQ"

All the kids of the world know this!
They know that Santa Clause brings expensive gifts to all the rich kids and crappy gifts to all the poor kids.

Conclusion: The rich kids are smart enough to ask for the expensive stuff!
15 posted on 03/11/2004 6:44:20 AM PST by TRY ONE (NUKE the unborn gay whales!)
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To: twas
(The authors) are confusing IQ with education. If a country has a good education system, their economy will benefit.

True. People with no education in, say, geometry or math will NOT do as well on typical non-verbal IQ tests, regardless of their innate intelligence.

16 posted on 03/11/2004 6:54:52 AM PST by Sloth (We cannot defeat foreign enemies of the Constitution if we yield to the domestic ones.)
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To: thedugal
They live in total isolation and are as close to being truly free as any men on earth.

I don't think so. The savage tribesman lives a life that is completely transparent to his neighbors, and totally dependent upon them for his own well-being. Practically every tribe is a small socialist tyranny, with a Big Man at the top whose word is law.

-ccm

17 posted on 03/11/2004 7:00:36 AM PST by ccmay
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To: avg_freeper
>>>"The Wealth of Nations comes about from embracing free trade and vigorous capitalism. I even believe there's a book about that somewhere."

Here's one, and its FREE:

http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/downloads.html

This is the "2004 Index of Economic Freedom" from The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal.

The causality of economic freedom linking to economic growth and wealth is discussed on this HTML page among others (there's also a PDF version):
http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/ChapterPDFs/chapter1.HTML

There main page is:
http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/

And a quote:

--

"In other words, achieving economic freedom is like building a car. What is the most important component of the car: the powerful engine, the transmission, the seats, the steering wheel, the brakes, or the tires? The question defies an answer, because without any one of these components, the car is unlikely to reach the desired destination. In similar fashion, ignore any one of the 10 factors of economic freedom, and abundant prosperity is likely to remain elusive.

That is why we often refer to the 10 factors of the Index as a “10-step plan to end dependency.” The 10 factors provide a road map, and only by sticking to the highlighted route can a country achieve economic freedom, prosperity, and self-sufficiency.

A wonderful example of the power of this 10-step plan is Chile. Over the past 30 years, it has stuck to the road map by establishing the rule of law; knocking down tax rates, regulation, and foreign trade barriers; freeing the banking system and capital flows; and reducing the burden and scope of government. In the 10 years of the Index, Chile has moved steadily from a rank of 24th out of the 101 countries covered in 1995 to 13th out of the 161 analyzed this year.

Compare the experience of Chile to those of the other Latin American countries, which have at most resorted to picking a couple of tires, a passenger seat, maybe a steering wheel, and some brakes. Over the past 10 years, economic growth has been notably better in Chile than among its neighbors, and Chile has been largely immune from the latest round of South American economic disasters.1

For several years, we have published a graph showing that a country’s Index score is positively related to per capita GDP.4 In other words, economically free countries have higher per capita incomes.

But there is another dimension to that relationship: one that involves the evolution of the score and of incomes over time. The chart above demonstrates that (seven-year average) growth rates in countries are positively related to (seven-year) improvements in their Index scores."

--

The Fraser Institute (of Canada) also publishes a similar book. Here's a link to their FREE book Economic Freedom of the World, 2003 Report:

http://www.freetheworld.com/release.html

There's even a book for the states of North America that is interesting:

http://www.freetheworld.com/efna.html

Taxachusetts, I'm sure, gets its just rewards.

I also think inherent IQ is another factor just like economic freedom is. They are both not perfect correlations, particularly given that IQ is hard to pin down.

That the The Heritage Foundation/WSJ authors had to use 10 factors rather than just regulation to define economic freedom, or just used taxes, or just government spending, shows that there are many dimensions to this problem.

IQ is most likely a somewhat weak correlation because we've seen that China, which is supposed to beat us by 5 IQ points, has been enslaved for years. There must be some measure of masochism that needs to be incorporated.

Hong Kong has held the #1 position for being the most free for years, and during this time period they surpassed the Brits in per capita income, after starting very low. Hong Kong then could be said to have both factors going for it: good IQ genes, and a British legal system that allowed economic freedom to flourish.

However, being a bookworm with great IQ is not sufficient to building economic might. You have to have factors like: wanting to show up for work each morning, high energy levels, a desire to get ahead. There are many non-IQ factors that are critical. I doubt there will ever be a perfect indicator for economic freedom.

At the present time India and China do not have these factors. All they have are low wages. Unless they create the political framework for economic freedom, their recent resurgence will be short-lived. Likewise, if we march toward socialism, our wealth and income will suffer.

Hoppy
18 posted on 03/11/2004 7:05:05 AM PST by Hop A Long Cassidy
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To: ccmay
Kinda like my house! - :~/
19 posted on 03/11/2004 7:08:19 AM PST by m18436572
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To: marty60
I hate the idea of testing too. Reason - who gets to write the test?

As long as the test is published, where the public can review it I think testing is a good idea. If the test questions are kept secret though, I think they are a horrible idea. Why? Because what is to stop this from becoming a question:

How do you feel about the government raising taxes to pay for medical care for the country's population?
a) good
b) bad
c) conflicted
d) none of the above

Well, humn. That would be pretty horrible (and not nearly as devious as I'm sure the "PC" crowed could get either).

Who writes the test and determines what is correct and incorrect is the crucial question.

And now for my opinion on the article: Stupid is as stupid does. I don't know how they tested for "IQ" - and since it seems that people in technologically advanced countries did better than the stone age countries, I'd guess that the test had a bias. Go ahead and say that the middle east is backwards, and that the Amazons are Neolithic, but if you were dropped naked into their environment to live in, I'd be shocked if you were able to survive - regardless of your IQ. Forget nutrition, and education - the reason that the countries that scored well, scored well, is because they have leisure time. Time to think instead of time that is spent putting food on the fire is what makes the "IQ" go up. When the society in general has that time - not just the upper-crust, that is when the economy and culture will thrive.

China is having economic woes because China is still communist however you slice their "capitalist experiment" which means the government has the power of life and death over the general population at a whim and the flick of a crop - stealing leisure thinking time and replacing it with worry for survival/thinking only about today. I'm not even going to try to address the former USSR, that one is too complicated to get into with just a FR post. I guess that is enough of a rant for now :).
20 posted on 03/11/2004 7:11:25 AM PST by NotQuiteCricket (10 kinds of people in the world us and them.)
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To: twas
international aid agencies should do more to improve the nutrition of pregnant women and infants — the most important environmental determinant of intelligence — to help to lift developing nations out of poverty.

Oh sure, good idea.

Then we can outsource American jobs to them.

21 posted on 03/11/2004 7:18:39 AM PST by Age of Reason
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To: JackRyanCIA
The wealth distribution works on the local level as well. What is different between these schools? All people in the SF Bay Area share about the same level of socialism and culture:

 Academic Performance Index
Here are the Bay Area schools that ranked in the top and bottom of the
API test given last year.
 Top 10
 
 School City Score
   Faria Elementary Cupertino                996
   Portal Elementary Cupertino               989
   Millikin Elementary Santa Clara           983
   Gomes Elementary Fremont                  979
   Mission San Jose Elementary Fremont       975
   Weibel Elementary Fremont                 973
   Sleepy Hollow Elementary Orinda           970
   Dilworth Elementary Cupertino             970
   Hoover Elementary Palo Alto               965
   North Star Academy Redwood City           964
 
 Bottom 10
 
 School City Score
   Lowell Middle Oakland                     491
   Simmons Middle Oakland                    475
   East Palo Alto High East Palo Alto        472
   Mission High San Francisco                472
   Kennedy High Richmond                     449
   McClymonds High Oakland                   446
   Fremont High Oakland                      444
   Castlemont Senior High Oakland            422
   Rudsdale Academy Oakland                  417
   Newcomer High San Francisco               335
 
 Source: Department of Education

22 posted on 03/11/2004 7:19:42 AM PST by Reeses
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To: twas
This guy will be labled as a racist before the day is over.
23 posted on 03/11/2004 7:22:57 AM PST by Blood of Tyrants (Even if the government took all your earnings, you wouldn’t be, in its eyes, a slave.)
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To: twas
If this is the case, our GDP will be going down the tubes since this nation is so dumbed-down now.
24 posted on 03/11/2004 7:23:19 AM PST by Indie (The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.")
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To: twas
I would like to see a comparison of Rep. vs. Dem. I.Q.

(I already know the answer, just want to know what the spread is. :) )
25 posted on 03/11/2004 7:25:41 AM PST by underbyte (Arrogance will drop your IQ 50 points)
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Comment #26 Removed by Moderator

To: twas
“In this country it tests your middle-classness and how well you know how to please the testers. The IQ of a working-class child adopted by a middle-class family will rise by about 12 points. (The authors) are confusing IQ with education. If a country has a good education system, their economy will benefit. It is rich countries that are likely to have those systems.”

Of course when assessing the quality of an "education system," a lot depends on the students themselves. So even if you were to transport the facilities and teachers from the best schools in the US or Singapore to some poor community, it would not necessarily amount to a great "education system." If you transported the staff and facilities from the best school France to Haiti, I am not convinced that it would amount to a great education system.

You could send some of the most mediocre teachers in America to Singapore, and the students would keep learning a lot, because their parents would insist on it.

Hong Kong has virtually nothing in the way of natural resouces (oil, other minerals, arable land). Yet is is pretty wealthy. You could say that drug smuggling (opium to China) gave it a good start, but the same could be said about Haiti, and they have nothing to show for it.

Hong Kong has a good port, but Haiti must have at keast one good port, perhaps somewhere near its capital.

The difference lie largely in the economic system, the laws, the incentives, the work ethic, and the education system that has developed over time. Education by itslef is not necessarily all that helpful for an economy. In more-or-less socialist Uruguay, there is great education, but not enough jobs for all the college educated young adults there. Education is important, but so is the overall culture and economic system.

27 posted on 03/11/2004 7:52:53 AM PST by Montfort
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To: twas
EVOLUTION in action.
28 posted on 03/11/2004 7:55:27 AM PST by ZULU (God Bless Senator Joe McCarthy!!!)
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To: twas
Pseudoscientific BS article...moving along now
29 posted on 03/11/2004 7:58:01 AM PST by cyborg (In die begin het God die hemel en die aarde geskape.)
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To: twas
WV - SOCIOLOGY - ECONOMICS
30 posted on 03/11/2004 8:16:19 AM PST by LiteKeeper
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To: twas
I am very chary of these sorts of " analyses"

" Yacht is to a boat as mansion is to a ____________"

If you happen to be from Papua New Guinea you may well not know what a yacht or a mansion is. I can assure you that if they plopped you in the jungle among papuans you would look relatively retarded to them. After all you don't know what a weri or a kasu is or the soil drainage requirements for yams are..
31 posted on 03/11/2004 8:28:42 AM PST by tcuoohjohn (Follow The Money)
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To: JackRyanCIA; marty60
Funny stuff. The prosperity of a nation is truly equal the level of socialism, the less, the more prosperous. And, how free it's people are to look out for their own livelihood. Again. less socialism and more freedom = capitalism = prosperity.

It's not the poverty level keeping them down, it's was the welfare system, which the liberals created. If welfare never existed, these people would have found a way to thrive. Now their subculture is polluted.

Absolutely. Absolutely!! And there is a difference between helping someone temporarily in need and training them to feel dependant upon a system.

The correlation here is valid, but not necessarily for the IQ reasons. Our own education is rapidly dumbing down it's students. How will these students look out for their own livelihoods and well being in years to come? I can't imagine for some of them, just more govt programs (cringe). And they won't want to bite the hand that feeds them. Those of us with kids in school now have probably noticed, even in 'private' schools, things we were required to memorize and read and learn a generation ago are not required for most of the students or required at a later grade level. Our local parochial school system wants (and for the most part implemented) a plan to match the curriculum of the public school, to 'standardize' the system. Too bad that doesn't mean raise the bar for everyone. And everyone gets an "A" these days. And they all pat themselves on the back. My son is gets very good grades and works hard but his big struggle is the 'group' grades and grade sharing and 'extra credit' that gives his slacker buddies an "A", too.

The teachers UNIONS hate the idea of testing. They might have to educate children instead of using them as political pawns.

Absolutely. 'Good' teachers are sometimes castigated by their union minded peers for 'over-achieving' and making them look bad.

Dumb enough people down and they'll just be happy enough to have the bread and circuses that socialism provides. And not many are really 'wealthy' under socialism's icy grip. No independant thinking. It's not so easy to get our voters to accept socialism in the US on a large scale right now, but in a generation or two, especially with the emphasis on class warfare? And we can only expect our own 'prosperity' to decline as a result.

32 posted on 03/11/2004 8:33:30 AM PST by fortunecookie
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To: Reeses
Top 10
School City Score
1. Faria Elementary Cupertino 996
2. Portal Elementary Cupertino 989

I think I have it figured out.

Intelligence is directly proportional to the number of Apple Macintosh computers in a community.

We have four in my house. %^)

-ccm

33 posted on 03/11/2004 8:46:42 AM PST by ccmay
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To: fortunecookie
I should have said testing for teachers. I agree, but as you know stupid can't teach. Yes teachers that LOVE their chosen profession are treated as outcasts. Unions want robats, that bend over and say yes to every fascist evil Dum scheme that comes along.

To learn you need to excite children about the process of learning. a robot can't do that.

34 posted on 03/11/2004 1:53:18 PM PST by marty60
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To: marty60
Well said!!

Of course, (with sarcasm), we can't have just any child excited about learning. I remember the last election, discussing with my neighbors, both teachers, the candidates. They liked Bush, and having spoken with them before, I know they supported many of the same things he did, buuuuutttt, when the election came, they and their just-turned-18 yr old son all proudly voted for Gore.

35 posted on 03/11/2004 2:09:04 PM PST by fortunecookie
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To: JackRyanCIA
Help me here. I would guess that the lower scored schools are in poor, black areas?

In general, yes. The lowest scoring school, SF Newcomer has mostly fresh immigrant Asian children. Within a few years many of these students will be high scorers and will be transferred to schools that want to boost their school ranking by gaming the system.

36 posted on 03/11/2004 2:25:41 PM PST by Reeses
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To: twas
Well! That simply verifies the obvious.
Just look at the IQ if the sandmaggot... errr... Arab League: 220!

all 58 of them put together, of course.

37 posted on 03/11/2004 2:31:44 PM PST by Publius6961 (50.3% of Californians are as dumb as a sack of rocks (subject to a final count).)
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To: All
If Israel can achieve peace, them people will all be billionaires ;-)
46 posted on 09/21/2004 1:21:52 PM PDT by governsleastgovernsbest
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To: dirtboy

"The IQ test is heavily culturally conditioned,” he said."

This is an obsolete and discredited notion. What James would be saying if he were up on the facts, is that "IQ is heavily culturally conditioned."

The tests simply mirror reality, they don't create it.

Cultures which enable and support openness and adaptation to new information, such as Western and Pacific Rim cultures, narturally produce more cognitively adept populations.

Subsaharan African cultures, which are virtually impervious to input from external sources, change at only glacial rates, if at all. Thus they produce populations of people who are unable to utilize novel information or to readily grasp and apply new concepts.


47 posted on 10/06/2004 9:45:49 PM PDT by hinckley buzzard
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To: dirtboy

A common critique of IQ tests are that they are culturally biased. Even a moment’s reflection would show that the Chinese tests would thus be invalidated, yet they score higher than the rich and developed West. Further, it would be trivial to change the few tests that depend on, for example, common pictures and language phrases to those of the target group. The fact that this IS done and has not changed the overall scores of low-performing groups is ignored. Specific groups do differ in certain categories of test - language, graphic and numerate, as would be expected, but the overall effect is limited. Finally, most parts of the tests are totally non-cultural e.g. geometric puzzles.

And to those who trash IQ tests because they are “unfair” are very quiet about physical attributes that also differ in groups. Consider height, running ability, lung capacity, colouring, areas of fat repositories, hair type and texture. Why should IQ be the same in all groups and these characteristics patently not?


48 posted on 07/30/2013 1:13:18 AM PDT by Forethought
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