From our friends at ActivistChat.com ....
Except for some bloggers in Iran, few will admit to it but those feeling somewhat disappointed with the coming and passing of July 8, and a nationwide mass protest that never came, need to look at the picture more carefully.
We cannot conclude that our compatriots today were being apathetic or compliant. We have to recall that the largest, and the most effective protest against this regime during its 25 years of existence occurred five months ago. The mass boycott of Islamic Majles elections in February was nothing short of a national referendum sounding the death knell for the Islamic Republic.
Furthermore, we may want to note that the level of security and surveillance during the past 48 hours has been exceptional; perhaps unprecedented. Were I in Iran, I too would have remained home and kept quiet. But there is something far more important here that should not be overlooked: Far from a show of force, these maneuvers by the regime are signs of trembling and fear. Is it difficult to understand why Supreme Leader Khamenei has spent the last two-three days in Hamedan and away from the capital?
To conclude this little note of mine, this level of security cannot be maintained for long; nor is it desirable. But you see, they have no other choice. They know theyre finished. Rebellions WILL follow.
Movement slams the regime in VOA TV program\
SMCCDI (Information Service)
Jul 9, 2004
The SMCCDI Coordinator, Aryo B. Pirouznia, paid tribute to the Student Movement's glorious uprising of July 9, 1999, during a VOA Satellite and Internet TV program broadcasted tonight Worldwide. The interview was broadcasted from Los Angeles and in duplex from Washington DC where are located the VOA's offices.
Responding live to VOA anchor's Anooshirvan Kangarloo's question on the root of the results generate from the uprising, Pirouznia stated: "The July 1999 Movement pulled off the false mask of any possibility of reforming the theocratic system. People understood gradually the difference between "us, the People" and "them, the mullahs and their cronies". It was in the aftermath of the Uprising that principles, such as, Secularity, genuine Democracy, Modernity and Humanism started to make their way in Iranians' minds and are now becoming pillars that Iranians are looking for..."
He slammed then the Islamic regime's repressive policies and the comments made by General Tala-i who had claimed that the regime's security forces didn't met any opposition yesterday.
The Movement's Coordinator who's in Los Angeles added: "I think that General Tala-i is very unkind to all the regime's repressive forces when he stated that they didn't had to do anything yesterday. He's unkind to all these repressive troops which were deployed in all Iranian streets for the last 2 months and were spreading terror. He's unkind to all these foreign mercenaries which were beating in the last 2 months on Iranian youth and women in order to increase the terror policy. Talai's comments are in the perfect line of demagogy used by the Islamic republic and it's no wonder that the World can't trust such regime. At least and as quoted by the ISNA, the official so-called Iranian Students News Agency, several demonstrators were arrested which is just a news intending to minimize the real impact of yesterday's event. As many know, at least and in Zarabkhaneh area, over 10 thousands had gathered and clashes occurred.."
The program (VOA's "News & Views" of 7/09/04) will be re-aired tomorrow morning, Iran local time, and can be seen on at the following link till 12:00 PM US EST by visiting:
The interview can be seen from the minute 13':55'' of the program on the students starting from minute 07:15". It will be transferred after 12:00 PM to the VOA website's archives section.
DoctorZin Note: Thought you should see what the Mullahs are saying about July 9th...
Iran regime claims victory as unrest anniversary passes quietly
TEHRAN, July 9 (AFP) - Iran's Islamic regime on Friday claimed a victory against "counter-revolutionaries", after the fear of tough reprisals and deepening political apathy dissuaded pro-democracy activists from marking the anniversary of student unrest five years ago.
"Despite an extensive campaign over the past few days in the counter-revolutionary media, it was not a demanding day and night for Tehran's police," the force's commander, General Morteza Talaie, told the official IRNA news agency.
He boasted that Thursday was "totally normal", and praised the "wise and alert cooperation between police and students" during what had been a tense moment for the 25-year-old clerical regime.
"In the past few years, certain lawless elements have been trying to exploit the students, but this year... they did not dare to do anything," Talaie said.
"The bitter memories can be forgotten."On July 9, 1999, student-led protestors clashed with police in Tehran and other cities in unrest sparked by a heavy-handed police and vigilante raid on a small and peaceful campus protest over the closure of a newspaper.
It was arguably the largest show of dissent against the regime since the 1979 revolution.Officially, one student was killed and hundreds of wounded in the violence, which prompted a major crackdown on dissent in universities -- a major driving force behind the Iranian reform movement.
This year the anniversary fell on Thursday, July 8, due to the difference in the Gregorian and Persian calendars. AFP correspondents saw no sign of any gatherings across Tehran.
There were also no credible reports of gatherings in other major cities, even though foreign-based media opposed to the regime -- notably pro-monarchist satellite channels based in the United States -- had been playing up the anniversary.
Each year since 1999, the regime has sought to prevent any gatherings from taking place and this week Iranian authorities signalled they would not tolerate any commemorations.
In recent months, thousands of police and special forces units have been out in force in the capital, officially to help crack down on bad driving.
Observers said the fear of arrest, together with a deepening political apathy following the sidelining of reformists in February's parliamentary elections, had dissuaded students and their sympathisers from taking to the streets.
"Staging a demonstration against the regime nowadays is seen as being both too dangerous and totally pointless," a senior editor at a pro-reform Iranian newspaper told AFP.
"Conservatives in the regime are clearly in control of things. People who supported Khatami have been badly let down, so why should anyone stick their neck out?" said the journalist, who asked not to be named.
Iran's reformist president, Mohammad Khatami, has been left isolated and powerless by the February polls, in which conservatives romped to victory following the disqualification of many of their reformist rivals.
And even though the mild-mannered president -- once a symbol of change in Iran -- said he supported the right to protest when fresh demonstrations erupted in June 2003, he did nothing to stop a subsequent crackdown that saw thousands arrested.
The president also failed to speak out against the running of February's elections, even though many of his supporters dismissed them as "rigged".
Khatami's second and final term in office ends in June 2005.The anniversary was, however, marked by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, who challenged the regime over what they said were widespread incidences of torture committed in the wake of the 1999 unrest.
Keep me pinged on what you hear!
Dealing with a new Iran
July 10, 2004
PARIS -- Whoever wins this November's presidential elections, the U.S. faces an urgent question that the Bush administration has not resolved: What is America's strategy for coping with the rising power of Iran?
Washington and Tehran have engaged in extensive secret contacts since 9/11, premised on their shared goal of destroying al-Qaida and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Saddam Hussein in Iraq. But despite many meetings, nothing has come of the contacts, partly because the Bush administration was internally divided over the right strategic course.
What's poignant about these wary U.S.-Iranian feelers is that just over a year ago, they yielded a plan for an "anti-terrorist" deal that both countries should have loved: Iran would hand over some senior al-Qaida operatives in its custody, and the U.S. would transfer to Iran some prisoners it was holding from the Iraqi-backed Mujaheddin-e Khalq organization, a group America has branded as terrorist.
The State Department is said to have favored such a deal, but the Pentagon balked, arguing that the Mujaheddin might be useful in fomenting regime change in Tehran.
To understand why Iran is such an interesting case study of lost opportunities, a little background is necessary. The following account is drawn from current Iranian officials, former U.S. officials and other sources.
The U.S.-Iran dialogue began in earnest after 9/11. The initial intermediary was United Nations official Lakhdar Brahimi, the same man who recently served as special envoy in Iraq. The U.S. representative was often Ryan Crocker, one of the State Department's top Middle East experts.
One former U.S. official says flatly that without Iranian help, it would have been impossible to establish the new government in Afghanistan.
A new issue arose as al-Qaida operatives fled from Afghanistan into Iran after the war. The Iranians arrested more than 500 of them in late 2001 and early 2002, according to one senior Iranian official.
A second group of high-level al-Qaida leaders crossed into Iran's remote Baluchistan province in the spring of 2002. U.S. intelligence officials believed this group included Osama bin Laden's security chief, Saif Adel, and one of his sons, Saad bin Laden. The administration badly wanted to interrogate them outside Iran.
But the Iranians had a demand of their own, which ripened after the U.S. toppled Saddam's regime in April 2003. About 4,000 members of the Mujaheddin had been captured at their bases in Iraq, which they had used for years to conduct attacks against Iran. Though the Mujaheddin were officially terrorists, the administration was wary about turning them over to Tehran.
In a secret meeting in May in Geneva, the two sides explored an exchange of the "terrorist" captives. Iranians pledged to grant amnesty to most of the 4,000 Mujaheddin captives, to forgo the death penalty for about 65 leaders who would be tried in Iranian courts, and to allow the Red Cross to supervise the transfer.
The Bush administration ultimately rejected this exchange.
The secret contacts were broken off in late May 2003, when U.S. intelligence reports suggested that some of the senior al-Qaida operatives in Iran had helped plan a bombing that month in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In the year since, Iranian hard-liners have crushed reformers there and pushed ahead with their program to acquire nuclear weapons.
Finding the right strategy for dealing with an Iran that has nuclear ambitions and terrorist capabilities won't be easy. But Iranians and Americans who were involved in the secret dialogue of the past several years remain convinced that the only answer is a "grand bargain" that builds on the two countries' shared interests. That's one item to put in the White House "in box" for next January.
Iran slammed on Iranian-Canadian photographers death
MONTREAL: The son of an Iranian-Canadian photographer who died in an Iranian jail a year ago Saturday, blasted a looming court proceeding on the case as a farce.
Zahra Kazemi, 54, was arrested in June 2003 for taking photographs outside Tehrans notorious Evin prison. She died in hospital on July 10, 2003 from a brain haemorrhage caused by a blow to the head. The case triggered a diplomatic row between Ottawa and Tehran and ties between the two countries are still in the deep freeze, a year later..
After a fierce struggle over the case between Iranian conservatives and reformers, court proceedings are due to resume in Iran on July 17. Kazemis family will be represented by Nobel peace prize winner Shirin Ebadi. This trial is the same farce that it has always been, Kazemis son, Stephan Hachemi told AFP on Thursday.
Hachemi also complained that the trial would fall well short of a complete inquiry into his mothers death. Intelligence ministry agent Mohammad Reza Aghdam Ahmadi, 42, has been charged with participation in a semi-intentional murder, in a case that has sparked a feud between the courts and the intelligence service.
International press watchdog group Reporters Without Borders marked the anniversary of Kazemis death by warning that impunity would triumph. afp
The Six Days That Shook Iran
July 09, 2004
The US Alliance for Democratic Iran
On July 9, 1999, six days of student-led uprising against the ruling fundamentalists shook the regime to its foundations, marking a new chapter in the history of Iranian peoples two decades of long struggle to overthrow tyranny and establish a democratic and secular government.
With the blessing of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and President Mohammad Khatami, uniformed and plain-clothes security forces brutally cracked down on students and thousands of other Iranians who had joined them. Several thousands were arrested and hundreds killed or wounded.
Nevertheless, if not suppressed, the uprising, which quickly spread to nearly two dozen other cities, had the potential of sweeping the theocracy from power. In a cover-page story, The Economist magazine billed the uprising as Irans Second Revolution and a commentary in the CBS News said that a sense of revolution has returned to Iran.
After nearly two decades of relentless struggle, the movement for democracy and popular sovereignty - the unfulfilled aspirations of the1979 anti-monarchic revolution - burst out in the open on July 9 for the world to see. The student movement, always a vanguard in Iranians century-long struggle against despotism, linked up with nationwide resistance of Iranian people in demanding the overthrow of the clerical state in its totality. The students, chanting "Death to despotism, Death to dictators," exploded out of university campuses and into various neighborhoods where they were joined by thousands of citizens from all walks of life, particularly the young generation.
Politically, the six-day uprising rendered hollow the myth of the reformist Khatami. The so-called moderate President did not waste any time to go on national television to order a harsh crackdown of all dissent. While it took the rest of the world five years to see the iron teeth behind the Khatamis smiles, Iranians saw what they had indistinctly knew: When it comes to preserving the clerical system, Khatami is cut from the same bloody cloth as Khamenei, Rafsanjani and their cronies.
In a report from Tehran at the time, the Agence France Presse said that Iranian students bitterly criticized President Mohammad Khatami, saying he tricked them with empty promises. It quoted a student as saying "now we can see he's just a mullah like all the others."
Since then, students and Iranians inside Iran and abroad have marked July 9 as a national day of saying no to the mullahs regime. Every year, the clerics have tried to suppress anti-government anniversary demonstrations by the students and the youths. Last year alone, more the 4,000 students were arrested during week-long student demonstrations preceding the July 9 anniversary.
This year, the ruling mullahs, reeling from political and diplomatic fall-out of the sham parliamentary election in February, and having to deal with anti-government demonstrations and strikes since January, put into effect elaborate security and anti-riot measures to thwart this years anniversary protests.
The plan, under the absurd pretext of helping with the traffic, went into action several months ago and included flooding Tehrans major streets and intersections, especially around university campuses, with security and special anti-riot forces. Even more ridiculous was the excuse for shutting down Tehran University on July: disinfect[ing] the campus because of cockroach infestation.
Reports from Iran indicate that hundreds of students were arrested in recent weeks and hundreds more summoned to courts for questioning. The Interior Ministry also banned any student gathering outside of the capitals main universities, saying it was unnecessary to commemorate the anniversary.
Disturbing reports from Irans prisons and the families of political prisoners bespeak of the deteriorating medical condition of many prisoners. During the weeks preceding the July 9 anniversary, many student political prisoners were denied medical temporary leave to seek urgent life-saving outside assistance. Their families also received death threats and some of them were detained.
In a related development, dissident political prisoners in Tehrans Evin Prison, including many students who have been imprisoned in recent years staged a hunger strike to protest this new wave of crackdown and widespread arrest of university students and youths. Students at several other universities also joined the hunger strike.
Despite all these suppressive measures, reports from Iran indicate that as night fell on July 8, thousands of students and youths took to the streets in various parts of Tehran and other cities. Iranians called Farsi broadcasting media based abroad to reiterate their determination to defy the mullahs security forces.
The July 9 student-led uprising had an undisputable impact on hastening the eventual fall of Irans ruling tyranny. It gave Iranians self-confidence and a sense of power and legitimacy in their demands for democracy and justice. It tore the façade of the bogus champions of human rights and reform, such as Khatami. More importantly, it strengthened the historic ties between the student movement and the nationwide struggle for democracy.
The imprisonments, tortures, and executions, public stoning, amputations and floggings, however, have utterly failed in undermining the resolve of the democracy movement against ruling religious fascism to bring this regime down as a first step toward the establishment of democracy, secularism, popular sovereignty and the rule of law in Iran.
Since 1999, Tehran has continued to kill, maim, and imprison dissidents while Western democracies, particularly European nations, have expanded lucrative trade with Iran. Thanks to advanced anti-riot gear and other equipment bought from abroad, the mullahs are better equipped now than they were in 1999, to arrest, and torture students, women and the youths.
As Tehran is turning the heat on dissent inside the country and acted increasingly belligerent abroad by continuing its nuclear weapons program, spreading its fundamentalist network in Iraq and recruiting suicide bombers, the free world has arrived at a historic cross road: To continue to appease the mullahs ruling Iran or to side with Iranian people and their struggle to establish an Iran free of torture, terror, fundamentalism, and weapons of mass destruction.
The choice, no doubt, will have strategic reverberations in Iran, the Middle East and the Western world for decades to come. This is our chance to be on the right side of history by supporting Iranians and anti-fundamentalist democratic opposition forces who are indeed the true vehicle of change in Iran.
Eye of the Storm: Iraq Gets an Arab 'Helping Hand'
July 08, 2004
The Jerusalem Post
What are Iran and Syria up to in Iraq? Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari says they are up to no good. "They are fanning the fires," he told me in a recent conversation. "We have caught some of their agents."
Zebari's claim is backed by Lakhdar Brahimi, the United Nations special envoy to Iraq. He visited Teheran on Monday to ask the Khomeinist leaders to prevent "hostile elements" from crossing the border into Iraq - a diplomatic way of saying please don't send terrorists to Iraq.
Next week Brahimi will be in Damascus to deliver a similar message to the Syrians. The Iraqi government has furnished him with "ample documents" showing that Syria is the principal center of pro-Saddam agitation in Iraq.
One of Saddam's cousins, Suleyman al-Majid al-Takriti, is reportedly running a base for the so-called "resistance" across the border in Syria. The first statement of the newly created High Council of Resistance, a grouping of 16 terrorist outfits fighting the Iraqi government, was released in Damascus on Sunday.
Iran and Syria are not the only states in the neighborhood engaged in destabilizing Iraq. Egyptian and Jordanian intelligence services are conducting a campaign of disinformation to undermine the government of Prime Minister Iyad al-Allawi in Baghdad.
A recent rumor claiming that Jews were buying large tracts of land in northern Iraq has been traced to Egyptian intelligence. It was first launched in a column written by a man whose brother holds a senior post in Egyptian intelligence.
The Jordanians have done their bit by spreading rumors, followed by denials, about plans by Raghd, Saddam's eldest daughter, to set up an Iraqi government in exile in Amman.
Farther afield, satellite television channels owned by Qatari, Saudi and Emirati sheikhs often act as platforms for the terrorists working to destabilize Iraq and disrupt its planned elections.
BUT THERE is little doubt that Iran and Syria are the most active troublemakers in Iraq today. Both are happy that Saddam, their enemy for decades, is in prison. They also know that prolonged instability in Iraq could lead to the dismantling of the Iraqi state and plunge the whole region into chaos. But neither wants to see a pro-American government established in Baghdad, especially if it is the product of free elections.
"We are at war with the enemy," Iran's Supreme Guide Ali Khamenehi told a meeting of mullahs in the city of Hamadan, west of Teheran, last Monday. "The central battlefield [of this war] is Iraq."
Iran and Syria are ruled by two versions of Oriental despotism - one religious, the other secular. They see the emergence of a democratic Iraq as a challenge to their legitimacy.
The future of Iraq was at the center of talks in Teheran between Syrian President Bashar Assad and the Islamic Republic leaders last weekend. This was Assad's third state visit to Iran in four years. The Syrian leader has also visited Iran three more times for "working visits" during the same period. In comparison, his father, Hafez al-Assad, visited Iran only once, for a six-hour stopover, during his 30-year rule.
What has prompted the younger Assad to seek closer ties with Teheran is the belief that Iran and Syria are next on Washington's turkey-shoot list. Earlier this year, Iran and Syria signed a defense cooperation pact under which an attack on one would be considered an attack on the other.
"Syria is the frontline of the Islamic Republic," says Iranian Defense Minister Rear-Admiral Ali Shamkhani.
"Iran is Syria's vital hinterland," adds Syrian Vice-President Abdul-Halim Khaddam, regarded as the real strongman in Damascus.
During Assad's visit to Teheran it became clear that the two allies regard instability in Iraq as an insurance policy for them. "The Iraqi resistance is, in fact, fighting for Iran and Syria as well," says Manuchehr Badii, a Teheran analyst. "As long as Americans are busy in Iraq, they will not think of other places in the region."
That analysis is endorsed by Hashemi Rafsanjani, one of the most influential mullahs in the Iranian regime. In a recent speech in Teheran he described Iraq as a "battlefield between two visions of the world." One vision was that of "an Americanized Islam wrapped in democratic gift paper." The other was that of Khomeinist Islam, whose aim remained the ending of "American hegemony."
The current Iranian analysis is based on the hope that George W. Bush will lose the presidential election in November and that a new US administration with John Kerry as president would not be fully operational and capable of shaping a strategy for a year to 18 months. And that, of course, could give Iran and Syria ample time to exert a decisive influence on shaping the future of Iraq.
The latest Assad visit to Teheran was aimed at increasing pressure on Iraq in a crucial period of transition. The best way for the new Iraqi government to retain the initiative is to hold elections before the Americans go to the polls in November.
This just in from a student inside of Iran...
Tabriz students will go on hunger strike to force the officials to release their arrested classmate.
Ali... was arrested yesterday during an attempt to organize people to protest in Tabriz."
Rights groups target Iran regime on anniversary of student protests
TEHRAN, July 8 (AFP) - Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch on Thursday challenged Iran's clerical regime over what they said were widespread incidences of torture committed in the wake of student-led unrest five years ago.
In a statement released in London coinciding with the anniversary of the July 1999 disturbances, Amnesty called on Iran's hardline judiciary to undertake an impartial review of the trials of detained demonstrators.
It pointed to the cases of two detained activists, Akbar Mohammadi and Ahmad Batebi, who have complained of being subject to torture -- including being held under a "drain full of excrement" -- to exact confessions.
"To Amnesty International's knowledge, no open, independent investigation has ever been conducted into the allegations of ill treatment and torture," the statement said, adding that several fleeing students were granted asylum in European countries "where they received treatment for a range of incidences of torture, including instrumental rape."
New York-based Human Rights Watch called on the Iranian government to "immediately release all student detainees still imprisoned for peaceful dissent".
"In the weeks following the protests, thousands of students were arrested, taken away by the busload, and held in detention centers and prisons. While many of those initially detained were released, an unknown number of student protestors remain in prison," the group said.
"In subsequent years, students across the country have commemorated the anniversary of the July 1999 protestors with peaceful demonstrations and public speeches. This year, however, with repression at its highest since 1999, the government's message to students is clear: those who speak out will be detained, punished, and worse."
On July 9, 1999, pro-democracy students clashed with police in Tehran and other cities in unrest sparked by a heavy-handed police and vigilante raid on a small and peaceful campus protest over the closure of a newspaper.
This year the anniversary falls on Thursday, July 8, due to the difference in the Gregorian and Persian calendars.Officially, one student was killed and hundreds of others injured in the 1999 violence, which prompted a major crackdown on dissent in universities -- a major driving force behind the pro-democracy movement.
On each anniversary, the regime has sought to prevent any gatherings from taking place.This week Iranian authorities signalled they have outlawed all commemorations.
"In recent years there have been excellent relations between police and students and today, hand in hand, we should try to forget the bad memories of the 18th of Tir," or July 9, 1999, Tehran police chief General Morteza Talaie was quoted as telling student representatives this week.
University campuses and dormitories have all been closed for the summer, and a tour of the university areas in Tehran showed only a minimal police presence, regular evening traffic and no gatherings, AFP correspondents said.
In recent months, police and special forces units have also been out in force in the capital, officially to help crack down on bad driving amid an effort to cut Iran's massive highway death toll.
During anti-regime protests last summer, some 4,000 people were arrested. On the anniversary itself in 2003, protestors merely took to the streets of Tehran in their cars, honking their horns, with the sidewalks and universities patrolled by huge numbers of police.
Iran army in new clashes with Turkish Kurdish rebels
TEHRAN, July 10 (AFP) - Iranian troops killed two Turkish Kurdish rebels in clashes close to the Iraqi border, Tehran dailies said Saturday, amid reports of a major offensive by Tehran on Ankara's behalf.
The latest fighting took place on Thursday near the town of Baneh, in the far northwest of Kordestan province, some 200 kilometres (125 miles) from the nearest part of Turkey, the papers said.
"These people had illegally crossed the border, ruined border villages and extorted money from residents," the Hambastegi newspaper quoted an unidentified official as saying.
The new fighting comes hot on the heels of deadly clashes near the Turkish border between Iranian troops and the rebels from the former Kurdistan Workers' Party, now known as Kongra-Gel.
Deputy Interior Minister Ali Asghar Ahmadi said two Iranian soldiers and eight rebels were killed in the June 28 clashes. A pro-Kurdish news agency said 16 soldiers and four rebels died.
The Germany-based MHA news agency said Iranian security forces had launched "a comprehensive operation" against the former PKK late last month after the rebels abandoned a five-year unilateral ceasefire with Ankara on June 1.
Ahmadi is himself to travel to Turkey Monday to discuss joint moves to tackle armed groups holed up in the mountainous border region.
Turkish defence sources have already hailed what they described as a "large-scale" operation against the former PKK by the Iranian army.
Turkey and Iran have in recent years intensified cooperation on security matters, including against the former PKK, after a chilly period during which the two sides accused each other of sheltering their respective dissidents.
Iran has a large Kurdish minority of its own and shares Turkey's determination to stamp out any moves by the community towards greater autonomy.
Some 37,000 people were killed and hundreds of thousands driven from their homes during Ankara's suppression of the PKK's 1984-99 insurgency in southeastern Turkey.
Most of the group's militants are since believed to have taken refuge in northern Iraq.
US firm is part of nuclear black market
VIENNA: An investigation of the black market supplying countries wanting nuclear arms has spread to more than 20 firms some of them North American the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief told The Associated Press on Friday. A senior diplomat identified one of the firms as US based. .
Requesting anonymity, the diplomat also said the Syria and Saudi Arabia are also being investigated as possible buyer nations, beyond Iraq, Iran, Libya and North Korea the countries known to have been in contact with Pakistani scientist Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan and members of his alleged network.
But the diplomat, who is familiar with the Vienna-based IAEA told AP that beyond suspicions prompting a continuing investigation, there has been no proof on Syria and Saudi Arabia that would warrant them being reported to the IAEA board of governors.
In separate comments to AP, IAEA Director General Muhammad ElBaradei avoided specifics on the locations of the firms supplying the nuclear black market beyond saying there were in over 20 countries, some of them in North America.
The diplomat said at least one of them was in the United States. He declined to elaborate, saying the agency was not yet at the bottom of that story.
But he said what was known about that company shed new light on the activities of the network, known up to now for primarily supplying technology to North Korea, Libya and Iran as part of the process allowing them to make enriched uranium that can be used either to generate electricity or make weapons.
Kuwait Seizes Three Iranian Fishing Boats -Iran TV
Fri Jul 9, 2004 09:47 AM ET
TEHRAN (Reuters) - Kuwait has seized three Iranian fishing boats after they strayed into its waters in the latest in a string of incidents involving Iran and its Gulf neighbors, Iranian state television said Friday.
The boats' seizure, which appears to reflect stricter enforcement of territorial boundaries by Iran and its Gulf neighbors in recent weeks, came just two weeks after Iran captured and held three British naval vessels and their eight crew for three days.
The latest spat with Kuwait comes after an Iranian fishing boat was captured in the waters of the United Arab Emirates last month. Another Iranian fishing boat was fired upon by a Qatari naval vessel and later seized in similar circumstances.
Iran, which has made efforts to improve relations with its Arab neighbors under President Mohammad Khatami's reformist government, retaliated by seizing a number of fishing boats from the United Arab Emirates.
State television said Iran's embassy in Kuwait had confirmed the seizure of the three Iranian vessels and their crew.
"The Iranian embassy will follow up the issue Saturday," television quoted an unnamed Iranian diplomat as saying.
Kuwait security sources said the incident took place three days ago when the Iranian fishing boats accidentally entered Kuwaiti territorial waters. They said the Iranians had either been released or were in the process of being released.
Iran last month captured three British naval vessels and arrested eight British crewmen in the narrow Shatt al-Arab waterway along the Iran-Iraq border. Iran released the crewmen after three nights in captivity.
Britain said last week Iran had forced the British vessels into Iranian waters while the men were operating inside Iraqi territory, a charge that Iran strongly denies.
Allawi to visit Syria and Iran shortly, the Turkish army warns the Kurds, again
Iraq-Syria, Politics, 7/9/2004
The Turkish army has warned the Kurds of Iraq against the consequences of attempting to change the people's demography in Karkouk, renewing its call on the US to chase the fighters of the Kurdistani Labor Party in northern Iraq, considering that Washington has not succeeded in meeting Ankara's demands to this effect.
Meantime, a spokesman for the Iraqi government said that its chairman Eyad Allawi will pay a visit to Iran, Syria and Kuwait in the framework of a tour in the region " within the coming days" and will also head to London and Brussels.
The spokesman explained that Allawi's tour will also cover Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, as well as " other countries" adding that Allawi will not make his tour at one time.
Meantime, the assistant for the Turkish army chief of staff Gen. Elker Basbough said in an implicit remark to the Kurds of Iraq that " ethnical groups are seeking to change the demographic structure in Karkouk at a time when measures are taken to establish peace in Iraq." He added " we expect the provisional Iraqi government will prevent that," noting the failure in having a " just and durable solution" for Karkouk's situation constitutes a threat for the geographical and political unity of Iraq."
Basbourgh warned that such a development will create great concern in Turkey on the security of the region. On the other hand, Basbourgh warned that the Turkish army will keep its forces positioned in north Iraq as far as the activists of the Kurdistani Labor party are in the region. He said " it is clear that the US has not so far succeeded in taking any effective measure against those terrorists and satisfy our expectations."
Bassiji Kills College Professor in Jahrom
SMCCDI (Information Service)
Jul 10, 2004
In the afternoon of Wednsday 17 Tir (July 7th), the Bassij mercenaries in the city of Jahrom killed a young 26 year old man. His name was Akbar Rahmanian, and he was a College Professor and computer engineer at the Jahrom's Azad university.
Akbar Rahmanian,was arrested on his way home by the Bassij, and after an interrogation on the street he was killed.
A mercenary by the name of Youssefi shot him in the shoulder and head, killing him instantly. This new murder has enraged the Jahromis and the students who are seeking justice.
Iran's supreme leader proposes national costume
July 10, 2004, 15:26
Iranians should design a national costume of which they can be proud but should not take their lead from the pages of Western fashion magazines, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, was quoted as saying today. Conservatives have recently launched a crackdown on young women who flout Iran's strict Islamic dress codes by wearing figure-hugging coats and allowing hair to spill out from under their headscarves.
But Khamenei, who has the last word on all state matters, said there was no need for panic. "The young people in this country are pure believers and joyful and are very interested in Islam," he was quoted as telling young people in the western city of Hamadan. The Sharq daily said he returned to the idea of a national costume which he floated years ago.
"Arabs, Indians, Indonesians and Africans have their own costumes and they are proud of them," Khamenei said. "I say sit down and design a national costume. But I am not saying that it should be something dating back to 500 years ago," he added. "I am saying if you want to cut your hair short, if you want to change the way you put on make-up, if you want to change the way you walk - then do it."
"If fashion designers in Europe and America design a kind of clothes for men and women in their fashion magazines, should we copy them in Tehran, Mashhad and Hamadan? That would be bad," he said. "Cultural mimicry is a big danger, but don't get me wrong, I am not opposed to fashion, variety and innovation."
Khamenei, normally attired in black turban and long clerical robes, said there was nothing wrong with coats and trousers and that from time to time he would wear a western-style raincoat. A national costume would be of particular interest to hardline cleric Ahmad Khatami, who expressed his fears on sartorial freedoms to the Hambastegi newspaper.
"Some women appear in the streets half a millimetre from breaking the Islamic dress code. It is a very dangerous trend," he said. - Reuters
Author of "Millionaire Mullahs" Shot Dead
July 10, 2004
For Paul Klebnikov's, "Millionaire Mullahs" article, click here
MOSCOW, Russia -- Paul Klebnikov, the editor of Forbes Russia who once penned a critical book on Russian tycoon Boris Berezovsky, was shot and killed as he left work Friday.
"Paul was a superb reporter -- courageous, energetic, ever-curious," Steve Forbes, the president and editor-in-chief of Forbes magazine, said in a statement sent to all employees.
"He exemplified the finest traditions of our profession and served his readers well. All of us at Forbes are devastated by what has happened and send our condolences and prayers to his wife and family."
Klebnikov was shot four times and died shortly afterward. He was leaving the Forbes Russia office in Moscow when he was gunned down.
Klebnikov was the first editor of Forbes Russia, which launched in April with a circulation of about 40,000.
The magazine contains content based on the Forbes U.S. edition, but also includes Russian business news.
In 2000, Klebnikov wrote a book on Berezovsky titled, "Godfather of the Kremlin: The Decline of Russia in the Age of Gangster Capitalism."
Berezovsky was a one-time Russian car dealer who became one of the richest men in Russia after the fall of Communism.
"This individual had risen out of nowhere to become the richest businessman in Russia and one of the most powerful individuals in the country," Klebnikov wrote.
Klebnikov joined Forbes in 1989 and rose to the position of senior editor at the magazine, specializing in Russian and Eastern European politics, before heading up the Forbes Russia venture.
"He knew Russia well. It was a country he loved deeply," Forbes said.
YOUNG IRANIANS WANTS FREEDOM AND SUCCESS IN LIFE
By Delphine Minoui
Posted Saturday, July 10, 2004
PARIS, 10 July (IPS) Younger Iranians, including the students, fed up with 25 years of constant religious propaganda by the regime, are looking to new ways to succeed in life, far away from the official ideology.
In an article published Saturday by the French centre right newspaper Le Figaro, Ms. Delphine Minoui, the papers correspondent in Tehran says the new source of imitation for the young Iranians are no more the grand ayatollahs, but those who have made fortune thanks to their initiatives.
The article coincides with the fifth commemoration of the students revolt against the Islamic Republic, an event that had been prohibited by the authorities, deploying massive police forces in Tehran and other major cities to prevent any demonstrations by the students.
Although the date passed without major demonstrations, but officials admitted the arrest of some five hundreds trouble-makers they said had nothing to do with the students.
As the regime stopped the students to mark the savage assault on students who were demonstrating peacefully in their dormitories the closure of a popular newspaper, the Office for Consolidating Unity, the Iranian students largest organisation called on the United Nations to help them identifying the culprits of the nightly raid that resulted in the arrest of hundreds of students, the wounding of hundred others and the death of at least one.
Since all our efforts to have the culprits brought to trial have reached no conclusion, we call on international organisations to put pressures on the Iranian authorities in the identification of those responsible for the savage operation against the students, the OCU said in a communiqué.
As all good Shiite who respects itself, Babak Moradi possesses a "marja", a "source of imitation", spiritual guide to which the Iranians refer traditionally in important moments of their life. But contrary to his coreligionists, the young Tehrani of 24 years didn't choose an ayatollah in turban and white beard. His "marja" is called Jack Welch, the former Chairman of the American giant General Electric, the article starts.
"I read a great number of his books", confess Babak, who has just finished brilliantly studies in industrial management at the Shahid Behechti University. "He is an aged and experienced man, but has remained young in his head. For me, it is very important. He is creative and looks toward the future. He is a true manager, but above all, an excellent coach". He adds.
Tired of the repetitive speeches of the religious who rule the country since twenty-five years, the new Iranian generation sulks the politics. For the commemoration of the students riots of the summer 1999, the majority of the students opted for silence. Disappointed by the failure of the reforms initiated in 1997 by President Khatami, disgusted by the return in strength of the conservatives that have taken back the majority in the new Parliament and controlled closely by the police and judicial forces, they are in quest of new models of reference.
To the collective mobilization experienced by their parents at the time of the revolution of 1979, they prefer a more individual approach, a violent, underground revolt. Hence the hitherto boom of the reading of books touching to the spiritual, to psychology, to the techniques of communication and to the individual's success.
"My generation lived the post-revolution years, then the Iran-Iraq War. Today, the religious are incapable to meet our expectations. There is no freedom, no economic outlets. My only way to escape is the reading of books that gives me the keys to success", says Forouzan, a 35 years-old secretary. "The Iranians live in an environment that is closed on them", analyses the Iranian novelist Moniroo Ravanipour, who also keeps a small bookstore. "They live in a stuffy environment that they cannot change. Therefore, while reading these books, they try to change themselves", she says.
On the Avenue Enqelab, just in front of the university of Tehran, the windows of the bookstores overflow with books to the appetizing stocks: How better to know oneself. The Alphabet of Joy. The Vitamins of the hope etc.. Hossein Sadeghi, bookseller of 25 years, also specializes in this kind of works. "It is an excellent business. These are the books best sold. I sometimes sell more than a hundred of them in a week", he says.
Hossein Sadeghi knew how to evolve with his time. After the election of Khatami, seven years ago, and the softening of censorship, political and philosophical essays quickly conquered the Iranian public, thirsty of novelties. But the fashion is the translation of the works of American "gurus" like Anthony Robins. "The translation of his last book is now in its 24th print", Sadeghi points out.
House made gurus have also made its apparition in Tehran. "Not only you must respect the other, but you must respect yourself first, is the advise of Fakhrian Khoshiar, in his book Recover confidence in oneself in one day. One has also to add the specialized magazines that offer a multitude of miracle recipes. The more in vogue is called Movafaqiat (Success). Its director even proposes seminaries based on "the techniques of the success".
One is well far from the religious ideals that the regime tries to impose. "I am Moslem and I accept the Islam", says Maryam, adding, "but the religious don't know how to speak to the young. When I read their books, it is the true gibberish", she says.
ENDS STUDENTS SITUATION 10704
Editors note: This is a free translation of Ms. Minoui article.