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Papal Funeral Will Follow Ancient, Unique Rite
CAtholic World News ^ | 4/6/05

Posted on 04/06/2005 9:30:40 AM PDT by marshmallow

Vatican, Apr. 06 (CWNews.com) - The funeral Mass for Pope John Paul II (bio - news) will be held in St. Peter's Basilica on Friday morning, April 8, at 10. The details of the unique ceremony-- which is expected to last 3 hours-- are laid out in the apostolic constitution, Universi Dominici Gregis , promulgated by Pope John Paul in 1996.

That document, setting the procedures for the burial of one Pontiff and the election of a successor, stipulates that a Pope's funeral, should be held between 4 and 6 days after his death. Pope John Paul died in the evening of April 2, so his funeral will occur on the last day of that period. The Catholic Church has a special rite for the burial of a Roman Pontiff. As dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (bio - news) will preside at the funeral Mass.

A massive congregation is expected. More than 200 world leaders have already announced their plans to attend, and the city of Rome is bracing for a crowd that could number up to 5 million people. Giant video screens have been set up on the roads around the Vatican, so that the ceremony can be seen by the vast majority, who will not be able to enter the Vatican basilica.

The funeral Mass is preceded by a short ceremony in which the Pope's coffin is seal. First the body of the deceased Pope, which has been lying on public view in the basilica, will be placed in a cypress coffin. After a short period of prayer, the master of liturgical ceremonies, Archbishop Piero Marini, and the late Pope's private secretary, Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz, will draw a white silk cloth over the Pope's face. Then the camerlengo, Cardinal Eduardo Martinez Somalo, will bless the body with holy water.

Next Archbishop Marini will observe an old Vatican tradition, putting a small purse into the coffin at the Pope's feet, containing specimens of the coins that were struck by the Vatican during his pontificate. Then the coffin will be sealed, in the presence of several official witnesses: among them will be the camerlengo, Cardinal Martinez Somalo; the archpriest of the Vatican basilica, Cardinal Francesco Marchisano; the vicar of the Diocese of Rome, Cardinal Camillo Ruini; the former Secretary of State, Cardinal Angelo Sodano (bio - news); his sostituto or deputy, Archbishop Leonardo Sandri; the prefect of the papal household, Bishop James Michael Harvey.

The funeral itself will then begin with a solemn procession, including the lectors, clerics, and deacons who will participate in the ceremony, as well as the cardinals and patriarchs who will concelebrate-- virtually all of the cardinals who are present in Rome. The procession will enter the Vatican basilica slowly, accompanied by Gregorian chant. The coffin will be placed on the floor in front of the main altar. The Paschal candle will burn beside it, a symbol of the Resurrection. There will also be a large crucifix, and an open Bible.

The concelebrating prelates, vested in red, will assemble behind the altar, facing the congregation. To one side, near the altar, will assembled the secular dignitaries attending the service, seated according to diplomatic protocol: the heads of state and heads of government, members of the diplomatic corps, and representatives of international organization. Opposite them, on the other side of the altar, will be the representatives of other religious groups, as well as the priests and religious of the Vatican basilica.

After the Mass, in which Cardinal Ratzinger will deliver the homily, the German cardinal will lead the final prayers for John Paul II. After circling the coffin with holy water and incense, he will read the prescribed prayers of the ritual: the commendation of the soul of the deceased Pontiff. This prayer is followed by the Litany of the Saints. Then the members of the hierarchy-- patriarchs, cardinals, archbishops, metropolitans, and bishops-- file past the coffin to pay their final respects.

The coffin is then carried to the place of burial, in the Vatican grottos, in another procession, accompanied by the singing of the Magnificat. This is a much smaller procession-- due in part to the limitations of space in the grottos. The participants will roughly the same people who witnessed the closing of the coffin: the top-ranking prelates of the Holy See, officials of the Vatican basilica, and members of the Pope's household.

The camerlengo leads the burial service, another rite surrounded with Vatican tradition. First the Pope's cypress coffin is wrapped in red ribbons, which are imprinted with the seals of the pontifical household. Then the coffin is placed within another metal coffin, which is immediately sealed. This metal coffin, engraved with a cross and the late Pope's coat of arms, is then deposited into a third, oak coffin.

The notary of the Vatican basilica then reads the formal notice of the burial, in the presence of the witnesses. The camerlengo and the prefect of the pontifical household sign the document, formally certifying the burial.

John Paul II will be buried in the ground, in the oratory of St. Longinus, near the spot where St. Peter's tomb is located. His grave will be marked by a simple, inclined, marble marker bearing his name.

The ritual for the burial of a Pope includes three "stations." The first, to be held "in the house of the deceased Pontiff," includes the certification of death, the exposition of the body for veneration by prelates (which has already taken place in the Clementine Hall of the apostolic palace), and a first series of prescribed prayers. The second "station," in the Vatican basilica, includes the procession to St. Peter's and the funeral Mass. The burial service is the third and final "station."


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: benedictxvi; cardinalratzinger; josephratzinger; pope; popebenedictxvi; popejohnpaulii

1 posted on 04/06/2005 9:30:40 AM PDT by marshmallow
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To: marshmallow

Uh, I had heard that the Mass will be held outdoors, in the plaza, if the weather permits.


2 posted on 04/06/2005 9:36:50 AM PDT by sinkspur (If you want unconditional love in skin, and hair, and bones, get a shelter dog.)
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To: marshmallow

Very interesting - thanks for posting, marshmallow.


3 posted on 04/06/2005 9:38:59 AM PDT by anniegetyourgun
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To: marshmallow

Do you know if every pope makes such arrangements for his funeral or did John Paul II just revamp the whole funeral process for all popes?


4 posted on 04/06/2005 9:40:30 AM PDT by northernlightsII
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To: marshmallow

I also heard something about Mass being on the steps.


5 posted on 04/06/2005 9:42:10 AM PDT by Salvation (†With God all things are possible.†)
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To: marshmallow

Wonder who will represent the USA at Prince Ranier's services?


6 posted on 04/06/2005 9:42:51 AM PDT by MamaB (mom to an angel)
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To: MamaB

send Carter


7 posted on 04/06/2005 9:45:12 AM PDT by kendu
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To: kendu

You beat me to it. Yes, send Carter. His bags are already packed.


8 posted on 04/06/2005 9:48:02 AM PDT by TXBubba ( Democrats: If they don't abort you then they will tax you to death.)
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To: sinkspur

Sorry, Tex; there aren't any plazas in Rome.


9 posted on 04/06/2005 9:51:18 AM PDT by Romulus (Golly...suddenly I feel strangely SEDEVACANTIST!)
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To: marshmallow
Cardinal Ratzinger will deliver the homily
Perfect.
10 posted on 04/06/2005 9:51:44 AM PDT by eastsider
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To: marshmallow

" which is expected to last 3 hours "

Clinton slept during Reagan's funeral- how is he going to stay awake for 3 hours ??!!


11 posted on 04/06/2005 9:55:39 AM PDT by Wild Irish Rogue
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To: kendu
"send Carter"

Prince Ranier deserves better.

12 posted on 04/06/2005 9:56:20 AM PDT by Think free or die
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To: sinkspur

I've been down in those grottos. Pretty cramped space. I don't think that they are open to the public anymore. I was there in 1968. Was able to go all the way down and all the way up to the top of cupulo and be within touching distance of the Pieta. None possible now.


13 posted on 04/06/2005 10:04:29 AM PDT by Mercat (Jesus has let JPII through the door.)
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To: Romulus
OK, Mr. Priss.

I meant St. Peter's square. I had heard that the ceremony would be held in the square.

14 posted on 04/06/2005 10:09:45 AM PDT by sinkspur (If you want unconditional love in skin, and hair, and bones, get a shelter dog.)
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To: marshmallow

Thanks for posting this information


15 posted on 04/06/2005 10:17:43 AM PDT by ruoflaw
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To: marshmallow; american colleen; Lady In Blue; Salvation; narses; SMEDLEYBUTLER; redhead; ...
The coffin is then carried to the place of burial, in the Vatican grottos, in another procession, accompanied by the singing of the Magnificat.


Annunciation Fra Angelico - fresco from San Marco, Florence (detail)
"Hail Mary, full of grace: the Lord is with thee".
"Behold the handmaid of the Lord: Be it done unto me according to Thy word".

About the Magnificat

The Magnificat [Latin: magnifies], also called the Canticle of Mary, is recorded in the Gospel of Luke (1:46-55). It is the Virgin Mary's joyous prayer in response to the Angel Gabriel's annunciation to her that she will become the mother of the Son of God. This great hymn forms part of the Church's prayer in the Divine Office (Liturgy of the Hours). When it is recited as part of the Divine Office, it is followed by the Gloria Patri ("Glory be"). The traditional sung Magnificat is Latin plainchant. One of the hymn's most glorious musical renditions is the version of the Magnificat by J.S. Bach.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church describes the Magnificat as "the song both of the Mother of God and of the Church" [CCC 2619], and explains this prayer's significance:

Mary's prayer is revealed to us at the dawning of the fullness of time. Before the Incarnation of the Son of God, and before the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, her prayer cooperates in a unique way with the Father's plan of loving kindness: at the Annunciation, for Christ's conception; at Pentecost, for the formation of the Church, His Body. In the faith of His humble handmaid, the Gift of God found the acceptance He had awaited from the beginning of time. She whom the Almighty made "full of grace" responds by offering her whole being: "Behold I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be [done] to me according to Thy word". "Fiat": this is Christian prayer: to be wholly Gods' because He is wholly ours. [CCC 2617]

The Magnificat appears below both in English and in Latin.


My soul magnifies the Lord,
And my spirit rejoices in God my Savior.
For He has regarded the low estate of His handmaiden,
For behold, henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
For He who is mighty has done great things for me, and holy is His name. And His mercy is on those who fear Him from generation to generation.
He has shown strength with His arm:
He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
He has put down the mighty from their thrones,
and exalted those of low degree.
He has filled the hungry with good things;
and the rich He has sent empty away.
He has helped His servant Israel, in remembrance of His mercy;
As He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to His posterity forever.

Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit.
As it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen

Catholic Ping - Please freepmail me if you want on/off this list


16 posted on 04/06/2005 10:18:38 AM PDT by NYer ("America needs much prayer, lest it lose its soul." John Paul II)
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To: NYer

Thank you


17 posted on 04/06/2005 10:20:48 AM PDT by anonymoussierra ("Et iube me venire ad te, ut cum Sanctis tuis laudem te in saecula saeculorum. Amen."Totus Tuus!!!!)
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To: marshmallow
I encourage as many Catholics as possible to participate in the Divine Office (Liturgy of the Hours) tomorrow. Many Churches that I know of will be celebrating Vespers tomorrow at 7:00 pm (EST).

It is the prayer of the Church that the whole of the Church around the world participates in.
18 posted on 04/06/2005 10:25:45 AM PDT by mike182d ("Let fly the white flag of war." - Zapp Brannigan)
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To: sinkspur

Probably more appropriate to call it a plaza anyway... St. Peter's square is not square.


19 posted on 04/06/2005 10:27:35 AM PDT by GOP_Party_Animal
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To: Wild Irish Rogue
Clinton slept during Reagan's funeral- how is he going to stay awake for 3 hours ??!!

LOL! Especially when it will be 4am EDT.

20 posted on 04/06/2005 10:33:20 AM PDT by ContraryMary (Well done, good and faithful servant John Paul. May you rest in peace.)
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To: NYer

The JSBach realization begins with a 3-beat dance, in D Major.

In the "Gloria Patri" section, he uses triplets in the 3-beat measures (Trinitarian reference, anyone...?)

And he uses some Chant in the oboes when the Soprano sings one of her solos. The Chant is very obscure (especially nowadays) and is used only on one Feast day (IIRC the Annunciation) at Vespers.

Friggin' genius he was...


21 posted on 04/06/2005 10:35:57 AM PDT by ninenot (Minister of Membership, TomasTorquemadaGentlemen'sClub)
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To: GOP_Party_Animal

I dunno. "Piazza" has worked for Italians for about 1500 years...


22 posted on 04/06/2005 10:36:33 AM PDT by ninenot (Minister of Membership, TomasTorquemadaGentlemen'sClub)
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To: Romulus; sinkspur
OK, Mr. Priss.
I make a motion that this goes on your profile page, Romulus.
23 posted on 04/06/2005 10:42:10 AM PDT by eastsider
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To: ninenot
The JSBach realization begins with a 3-beat dance, in D Major.

BWV 243   Magnificat in D-Dur
1. Coro
Tromba I-III, Timpani, Flauto traverso I/II, Oboe I/II, Violino I/II, Viola, Continuo
  Magnificat anima mea Dominum.
2. Aria S.II
Violino I/II, Viola, Continuo
  Et exsultavit spiritus meus in Deo salutari meo.
3. Aria S.I
Oboe d'amore I, Continuo
  Quia respexit humilitatem ancillae suae;
ecce enim ex hoc beatam me dicent
4. Coro
Flauto traverso I/II, Oboe d'amore I/II, Violino I/II, Viola, Continuo
  Omnes generationes.
5. Aria B
Continuo
  Quia fecit mihi magna qui potens est, et sanctum nomen eius.
6. Aria (Duetto) A T
Flauto traverso I e Violino I all' unisono, Flauto traverso II e Violino II all' unisono, Viola, Continuo
  Et misericordia a progenie in progenies timentibus eum.
7. Coro
Tromba I-III, Timpani, Flauto traverso I/II, Oboe I/II, Violino I/II, Viola, Continuo
  Fecit potentiam in brachio suo, dispersit superbos mente cordis sui.
8. Aria T
Violini all' unisono, Continuo
  Deposuit potentes de sede et exaltavit humiles.
9. Aria A
Flauto traverso I/II, Continuo
  Esurientes implevit bonis et divites dimisit inanes.
10. Aria (Terzetto) S.I S.II A
Oboe I/II all' unisono, Organo e Violoncelli senza, Violone e Bassoni
  Suscepit Israel puerum suum recordatus misericordiae suae.
11. Coro
Continuo
  Sicut locutus est ad Patres nostros,
Abraham et semini eius in saecula.
12. Coro
Tromba I-III, Timpani, Flauto traverso I/II, Oboe I/II, Violino I/II, Viola, Organo e Continuo
  Gloria Patri, gloria Filio,
gloria et Spiritui Sancto!
Sicut erat in principio et nunc et semper
et in saecula saeculorum.
Amen.


Besetzung   Soli: S.I S.II A T B, Coro: S.I S.II A T B, Tromba I-III, Timpani, Flauto traverso I/II, Oboe I/II, Oboe d'amore I/II, Violino I/II, Viola, Continuo (+ Violoncello, Violone, Fagotto)
Entstehungszeit   1728/31
Text   Lukas 1,46-55

Bach Cantata Page
Created by Walter F. Bischof

24 posted on 04/06/2005 10:50:09 AM PDT by NYer ("America needs much prayer, lest it lose its soul." John Paul II)
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To: marshmallow
Thank you marshmallow. I was just researching this, but got sidetracked trying to get other info. about the College of Cardinals.

Posted: The College of Cardinals - What is it, why is it, what they do, and who they are to help us all. It is even confusing to Catholics who have not experienced this process for 26 years.

Once this is all over we will certainly understand much (not all, but that's ok, the secrecy is appreciated) of these proceedings. Wish the media would do the same. Ah, well...coverage has been constant, I am glad of that.

I just read that the total number of pilgrims expected is now predicted to be 4 Million!!! What a testimony to this saintly man John Paul, The Great.

No one can ignore these numbers, no matter how hard the liberal media tries to debase his impact on the world. I haven't read the New York Times' article today, but I heard it was negative.

25 posted on 04/06/2005 10:53:00 AM PDT by CitizenM (An excuse is worse and more terrible than a lie, for an excuse is a lie guarded. Pope John Paul II)
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To: Romulus; eastsider; ninenot; GOP_Party_Animal
Sorry, Tex; there aren't any plazas in Rome.

Golly, professor. Lookie at what I found:

The popular Campo dei Fiori market in the historic center, occupying an entire piazza, has been an institution since 1477, when it was moved from the Piazza Navona. Cardinals and noblemen mingled with fishmongers and foreigners, making it one of the liveliest areas of medieval and renaissance Rome. Lively, indeed: Many of the piazza's inns were once owned by the 15th century courtesan Vanozza Catanei, who was mistress of Pope Alexander VI Borgia.

Source.

As you know, professor, "piazza" is Italian for "plaza."

There are many other piazzas in Rome. I can list them if you'd like.

26 posted on 04/06/2005 11:01:21 AM PDT by sinkspur (If you want unconditional love in skin, and hair, and bones, get a shelter dog.)
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To: eastsider

I got a million of 'em!


27 posted on 04/06/2005 11:06:01 AM PDT by Romulus (Golly...suddenly I feel strangely SEDEVACANTIST!)
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To: sinkspur
As you know, professor, "piazza" is Italian for "plaza."

And "platz" is German. Here in New Orleans we have Jackson Square, in the old days called the "Place d'Armes". Which in the other old days, was called the "Plaza de Armas". So glad to see you coming along in your language studies.

I know monoglot Americans fumbling to communicate abroad commonly offer up Tex-Mex lingo in the hope that the locals will comprende. It's all "foreign", after all. Just remember, Tex: Romans aren't Mexicans. Capisce?

28 posted on 04/06/2005 11:21:02 AM PDT by Romulus (Golly...suddenly I feel strangely SEDEVACANTIST!)
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To: MamaB

>> Wonder who will represent the USA at Prince Ranier's services? <<

I hear William Bennett.


29 posted on 04/06/2005 11:26:24 AM PDT by dangus
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To: dangus

Hahahaha!


30 posted on 04/06/2005 11:34:27 AM PDT by Romulus (Golly...suddenly I feel strangely SEDEVACANTIST!)
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To: Romulus
Capisce?

Nein, Mein Herr.

But I DO Geh'r Steh'

31 posted on 04/06/2005 11:44:52 AM PDT by ninenot (Minister of Membership, TomasTorquemadaGentlemen'sClub)
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To: Romulus
Dance, dance, dance.

You're approaching the incoherence of your Big Easy buddy.

32 posted on 04/06/2005 11:48:26 AM PDT by sinkspur (If you want unconditional love in skin, and hair, and bones, get a shelter dog.)
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To: marshmallow
This is a link to the Vatican Television Network that will broadcast the Funeral of Pope John Paul, II. Friday: 10am Rome time - 4am Eastern US time. Live Transmission of The Funeral of PJP,II

Does anyone know what FOX, CNN, or any of the other old networks are doing?

33 posted on 04/06/2005 12:11:56 PM PDT by CitizenM (An excuse is worse and more terrible than a lie, for an excuse is a lie guarded. Pope John Paul II)
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To: CitizenM

Fox starts their coverage at 3 AM; I'm sure that everyone else will be on by the time the funeral comes on as well.

I may have to go to bed early tomorrow night; this is history I want to see live. But 4 AM...yeesh.


34 posted on 04/06/2005 12:29:39 PM PDT by pleasedontzotme
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To: sinkspur

He wasn't talking about pizzeria's, sheesh.


35 posted on 04/06/2005 12:35:18 PM PDT by Guillermo (Vote for Pedro)
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To: CitizenM

ETWN's listing says their coverage begins 4am-7amEDT, then encore presentation at 9:30amEDT


36 posted on 04/06/2005 1:00:38 PM PDT by Fudd Fan (MaryJo Kopechne needed an "exit strategy")
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To: pleasedontzotme

Yep, me too. We have our tapes ready. This is something I want to keep for my children who, I know, will never get up to watch it. Luckily I have the option. Thanks for the info.


37 posted on 04/06/2005 1:04:24 PM PDT by CitizenM (An excuse is worse and more terrible than a lie, for an excuse is a lie guarded. Pope John Paul II)
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To: pleasedontzotme

In order for me to watch, I am going to have to get up at 2AM. I am going to do it, but I will have my sleep messed up for the entire weekend.


38 posted on 04/06/2005 1:42:34 PM PDT by Miss Marple
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Comment #39 Removed by Moderator

Comment #40 Removed by Moderator

To: CitizenM

Those tapes saved me the other night...I wanted to see EWTN's repeat of the processional from the Apostolic Palace to St. Peter's, and they were rerunning it at 11. I doubted I'd stay awake for it all, and I was proven right.

If you can get your children to watch the whole thing, their attention span is amazing...I read today the funeral could run 2 1/2 to 3 hours. maybe on this thread.


41 posted on 04/06/2005 5:14:22 PM PDT by pleasedontzotme
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To: sandyeggo

Wow, there's just no way to keep that from screwing up your sleep schedule, lol.

I wonder how many people will be up to watch it...I'm going to be interested to look out my window at the other apartments in my complex to see if I'm the only one nuts enough to wake up at four to see it.


42 posted on 04/06/2005 5:15:34 PM PDT by pleasedontzotme
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To: sandyeggo

Wow, there's just no way to keep that from screwing up your sleep schedule, lol.

I wonder how many people will be up to watch it...I'm going to be interested to look out my window at the other apartments in my complex to see if I'm the only one nuts enough to wake up at four to see it.


43 posted on 04/06/2005 5:15:53 PM PDT by pleasedontzotme
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To: Mercat
I've been down in those grottos. Pretty cramped space. I don't think that they are open to the public anymore. I was there in 1968.

I was there in 1973 and again in 2001. In 2001 we were able to go down the steps but not a lot further, if memory serves.

44 posted on 04/06/2005 8:00:03 PM PDT by Heatseeker ("I sort of like liberals now. They’re kind of cute when they’re shivering and afraid." - Ann Coulter)
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To: Heatseeker

If memory serves, John XXIII was still down there in 1968 and that's where we went. Don't remember how far down it was.... I was not nearly impressed enough at the age of 19.


45 posted on 04/06/2005 8:01:15 PM PDT by Mercat (Jesus has let JPII through the door.)
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To: Mercat
I thought he was down there when I was there in 2001 but now I'm not sure. I haven't seen when they moved him. I do know it was a big draw when I was there as a teenager in '73.
46 posted on 04/06/2005 8:23:54 PM PDT by Heatseeker (Requiem in Pacem, Ioannes Paulus Magus)
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To: sinkspur
As you know, professor, "piazza" is Italian for "plaza."

There are many other piazzas in Rome. I can list them if you'd like.


One should always be careful about being hoisted with one's own petard. There are not many piazzas in Rome, there are many piazze. ;-)
47 posted on 04/07/2005 1:17:13 AM PDT by tjwmason (For he himself has said, and it's greatly to his credit, he remains an Englishman.)
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To: tjwmason

All this talk of pizza is making me Hungary...


48 posted on 04/07/2005 6:56:53 AM PDT by GOP_Party_Animal
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To: nutmeg

bookmark bump


49 posted on 04/07/2005 11:17:11 AM PDT by nutmeg
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