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Shah's Son: Iran, Regime Change or Behavior Change (great read)
Reza Pahlavi ^ | 5/11/07 | Reza Pahlavi

Posted on 05/11/2007 11:59:26 AM PDT by freedom44

The latest Presidential National Security Directive names the Islamic Republic of Iran as the greatest threat to international peace, security and stability. That is principally because permitting the foremost state-sponsor of terrorism to acquire nuclear weapons is unthinkable.

What has changed from Herman Kahn’s era is that mutual assured destruction (MAD) worked against a rival that defined its interests in this material world. Messrs. Khamenei, Ahmadinejad and many of their cohorts do not.

How can assured destruction deter those who glorify self-destruction and call it martyrdom? Just as suicide bombing has changed domestic security policies, dealing with the nuclearization of this new kind of “other-worldly” state requires a different approach in international relations. Far from acting to avoid assured destruction, they invite it with tireless exaltation of martyrdom! Which brings us to the question, what could be done?

The current debate on Iran seems to have reduced the question to a choice between regime change and behavior change. That is a false choice. It is also a formulation preferred by those who do not mind loading the dice in favor of longer life for Iran’s clerical regime. This is because short memories equate regime change with the use of force in Iraq. The unique mistakes in Iraq, however, should not sully regime change, which wasn’t such a bad phrase during the Cold War era, just two decades ago:

President Reagan knew that he would not get behavior change from the Soviet regime unless he seemed serious about changing it. The actual change was a happy byproduct, which spelled the end of the Marxist mystique. East-European youth backpacked their way to the West to tell fellow students about the wide chasm between the deceptive promise of Marxism and its wretched reality. Long lines to take Marxist courses disappeared in Universities, from Buenos Aires to Paris.

Similarly, I am convinced once the people bring down the clerical regime, with Iranian journalists, intellectuals and students free to travel, they will have the same shattering impact on the appeal of Islamist theocracy throughout the Moslem world.

Ah, but Russia was more modern than the Middle East, riper for democracy – some say. They are perhaps unaware that Iran had a democratic “Constitutional Revolution,” fully 100 years ago, when Russia was still Czarist. They would be much surprised to learn that, in 1914, the Times of London wrote that British Parliamentarians would be well served to emulate democratic practices from their counterparts, in Iran’s Majles (parliament)!

They know even less about the differences between Iran, which was never colonized, and Iraq, whose constituent parts were governed separately under Ottoman rule, which decapitated its independent political institutions and postponed our Iraqi brethren’s opportunity to develop a sense of nationhood.

Still, it was easier to talk favorably about regime change in 2004 or 2005, when Iraqis were celebrating free elections and the Cedar Revolution was gaining steam in Lebanon. That is when Tehran’s theocrats and Syria’s Assad sensed the danger and set out to kill the hope for democracy in the region. They exploited religious and ethnic divisions to create a quagmire as a no-trespass sign to the rest of the world: Shelve any plans for democracy in the region, from the subcontinent to the Mediterranean, and from the Caspian to the Persian Gulf – read the sign.

The Baker-Hamilton Report is a tacit acceptance of that no-trespass sign. Unfortunately, the report does not indicate how one can reach an agreement with the Islamic Republic, whose primary purpose is to humiliate the US in the theater of the Moslem world. There is method to their madness: The theocracy’s anachronistic life is mortgaged on proving to regional governments, and non-governmental forces, that those who oppose America will defeat those who cooperate with her.

The State Department’s policy on Iran relies on diplomatic isolation and economic pressure. It is more hard-nosed than Baker-Hamilton, but it still suffers from the flaws of realpolitik when facing an irrational actor. Isolation? What isolation, demands President Ahmadinejad!

The day he was squaring off against President Bush at the UN General Assembly, last fall, 118 out of the 192 nations present, more than 60%, were with him. He had just come from Cuba, where he had secured the support of the non-aligned movement. He had been received like a rock star by radical students in Indonesia, applauded by Castro in Cuba, and bear-hugged by Chavez in Venezuela.

Those in Foggy Bottom who think they can make Ahmadinejad feel isolated simply cannot see the world through his eyes. Even if he felt isolated, it is doubtful he would change his behavior. Even the threat of force is not enough to sway someone whose deepest beliefs welcome Armageddon – to expedite the return of the twelfth Imam, his messiah!

As for economic pressures, recent history should have convinced us that they are not enough to change the behavior of a regime that does not care about the welfare of its people. In more than two years of negotiations, Iran’s major European trade partners, Germany, France and Britain played with numerous combinations of economic threats and incentives, before they threw in the towel. The International Atomic Energy Agency reported Iran to the UN Security Council shortly thereafter.

Backed by the Russians and the Chinese, last June the US joined the Europeans to offer a very generous incentive package, should the regime suspend enrichment of uranium. Two deadlines came and passed, with the Islamic Republic dancing around the proposal, but not addressing its substance. Just as Presidents Bush, Putin and Chirac, Prime Minister Blair, and Chancellor Merkel were about to discuss what to do, Hizbullah crossed the Israeli border and took two hostages. Thus, the war precipitated by the Islamic Republic’s client washed discussions of pressuring Iran off the agenda at the St. Petersburg G8 Summit, late July of last year.

It should not come as a surprise any longer that, three more deadlines and three UN Security Council resolutions later, we are back at the same old dance; except it has become more deadly, considering the regime’s plan for three thousand centrifuges and new restrictions placed on international inspections of Iran’s nuclear facilities; begging the question: To what level could unilateral US sanctions be expanded to, or what other UN sanctions could be acceptable to Russia and China?

In short, US foreign policy and international pressure are reaching their limit, while the government whose head denies the Holocaust and wants an entire nation wiped off the map, is inching ever closer to the bomb!

Having removed the Taliban and Saddam - two walls of Iran’s containment - having approached the limits of diplomatic and economic pressures, many discussions of US options now teeter between war and surrender. Surrender, by the way, has a fascinating new name: Engage and Deter! We engaged China to get out of Vietnam, why can’t we do the same with Iran to exit Iraq? That was the question put to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by a Council of Foreign Relations fellow, who seemed to put some Senators in deep thought.

We deterred the Soviet Union, why can’t we deter Iran, is more music to the ears of the Islamic Republic, playing in Washington these days. Perhaps, it is the current mood of desperation on Iraq, but few policymakers seem to peel these thin disguises of surrender and see through the false parallels and specious arguments:

A cursory review of history will demonstrate that Henry Kissinger’s deal with China was possible because the latter saw the Soviets as the principal threat to her security. He knew how real that threat was when Leonid Brezhnev asked President Nixon to give him a free hand with China and stay out of a potential Sino-Soviet nuclear conflict. There is today, no such parallel with the Islamic Republic, which does not see a third party as the principal threat, let alone seeing the US as a possible savior!

In this new disguise for surrender, mention of deterrence is even less valid, but requires more insight to expose. During the cold war, nuclear deterrence gave the West an advantage: the Warsaw Pact’s conventional forces were quantitatively superior and nuclear arms acted as an equalizer in the European theater.

In the Persian Gulf today, it is the US that has overwhelming conventional superiority. Should the Islamic Republic get the bomb, it will equalize that superiority and deter a high-intensity conventional attack. The nuclear shield will, thus, open the hands of the Islamic Republic to expand low intensity violence -- a.k.a. terrorism -- in furtherance of its constitutional mission of exporting Islamic Revolution. Hamas, Hizbullah, the Mahdi Army, the Badr Brigade and the like will then look ten feet taller than their intimidated moderate rivals.

As one witness after another comforts Congressional leaders that the Islamic Republic can be deterred, I do not hear the riposte that even their best scenario means unshackling terrorism, let alone their worst! Nor does the administration seem to be able to lead Congress away from such harmful and deceptive advice, because it is ill-equipped to deal with unconventional states.

Washington’s foreign policy is shaped by the State Department that understands diplomacy and the Defense Department that understands war. Both institutions are legacies of the state-centric view of the world which was consistent with the reality of international politics right after World War II – but not today, not after the Cold War.

The Departments of State and Defense were not structured to help “velvet” revolutions, which have been the most significant patterns of positive change in the world since the Cold War. The problem is that the US does not have a third foreign policy department; one that understands, and can deal, with the peoples of the transitional world, not just their failed states.

Is it all lost then? Are we back to war or surrender? Far from it! We haven’t focused on the greatest ally of the Free World in the Moslem World: the people of Iran. Three Iranian social groups, the women, youth and ethnic groups, as well as four professional and working groups, educators, lawyers, journalists and industrial labor, have been at the forefront of protests against and defiance of the Islamic Republic. Two of the top three Iranian cities, Tabriz and Mashhad, as well as other major cities, such as Sanandaj, have been out of government control, for days at a time.

The principal reason why the vast majority of Iranians who want to reclaim peace and prosperity have not succeeded against the Islamic Republic is because they are prevented from communicating – with each other, and with the free world.

Inside Iran, the government controls mass media with an iron fist. Even “Bloggers” with a limited audience are arrested, let alone published journalists – and there are more of them in jail than anywhere in the world.

A must have for Iran’s pro-democracy movement is media that can connect Iranian activists inside Iran with each other. As I have mentioned before, there are a thousand circles of protest in Iran, but no nationwide medium to connect them. Since the government will not tolerate such a medium inside Iran, it has to be done from outside.

As some of you may know, there are a few under-funded amateur-video type satellite television stations, beaming into Iran from the West. But they cannot even afford decent old movies, let alone produce meaningful programming.

Then there is the Voice of America Radio and Television, and a forthcoming TV channel by the BBC. Although much improved, their governmental mission statements and cautious bureaucracies have not, and are not likely to, make a serious impact in Iran.

What is needed is engaging programming that builds audience share by truly reflecting the needs, grievances and resistance of Iranian women, youth, ethnic groups and the professional groups. Given needed resources, modern technology makes it quite possible to have two-way communication between the politically active audience inside Iran and a medium outside which can connect them to each other. That is what it takes to mobilize the Iranian people – without whom, we are back to war or surrender.

I never miss a chance to reject military action against my homeland.

I am against war. I hope you are too, and I can not believe that you would be for surrender. Thus, we are left with regime change vs. behavior change. And as indicated earlier, that is a false choice. So what is the right choice?

Like most totalitarian leaders, Iran’s Supreme Islamist leader wakes up every morning wondering if the morale and ideological glue of his security forces will hold. To strengthen their spine, he feels he has to take tough, uncompromising stands against his ideological adversaries – liberal democracies in general, and the United States and Israel in particular.

The reckless self-righteousness of his “other-worldly” ideology will continue this course, until a final collision. This behavior will not change unless he wakes up one morning with an even greater fear: seeing the Iranian people joining hands and rising up against his theocratic tyranny.

Unlike forgetful analysts in the West, he knows the Iranian people have changed their regimes many times before, when they had far less reasons to do so. He watches carefully for the signs of history repeating itself. Once he sees those signs, and only then, will he change his behavior.

That is why idealism and realism, behavior change and regime change do not require different policies but the same: empowering the Iranian people.

This is my political mission in life. I ask for your support, and thank you sincerely for sharing some of your valuable time with me.

TOPICS: Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: democracy; iran; pahlavi; regimechange; rezapahlavi

1 posted on 05/11/2007 11:59:29 AM PDT by freedom44
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To: DoctorZIn; Cyrus the Great; Prince of Persia; nuconvert; Stefania; FARS; SolidWood; statered; ...

Restarting the Iran ping. On or off ping list.
2 posted on 05/11/2007 12:00:02 PM PDT by freedom44
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To: freedom44


3 posted on 05/11/2007 12:11:13 PM PDT by true_blue_texican (...against all enemies, foreign and domestic...)
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To: freedom44
This is a fascinating article. I was struck by Reza Pahlavi's claim that there are many "circles of protest" that could become an unstoppable force if only they could communicate with each other and the outside world. I'm no expert, but providing Iranians with the ability to communicate both internally and externally would surely not be beyond American technical capabilities. And powerfully projecting pro-liberty, pro-democracy, pro-western TV and radio into the country would surely be a benefit.

More knowledgeable people than I on this forum could perhaps explain what the difficulties would be, and whether these ideas are actually feasible.

4 posted on 05/11/2007 12:26:19 PM PDT by American Quilter (You can't negotiate with people who are dedicated to your destruction.)
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To: American Quilter

Where is the message from the USA State Dept...where is Karen Hughes and Al-Hurri, where is the VOA...they get $100s of millions and still have no message of consequence for the oppressed Muslim masses...jeez, it almost seems like we want to lose this struggle!

5 posted on 05/11/2007 12:39:48 PM PDT by iopscusa (El Vaquero. (SC Lowcountry Cowboy))
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To: freedom44

It was good to see such a supporting argument about the war of hearts and minds. I fully agree. I also agree with what is going on in Washington and particular, Congress whom has put in writing they will not support a military endeavor against Iran. So Bush is limited to a couple of choices that can make lasting impact to show Iran we will not allow them to piss on our head for another 30 years.

1) Empower the Iranian people as the Shah’s son has stated to have two way communication to connect the anti-regime movement. The USA should be dropping in other messaging electronically such as radio and Internet to inform the Iranian people we mean them no harm and IF conflict does arise, to stay out of the fray.

2) Every time American’s are killed by Iranian manufactued IED’s or otherwise linked to the death of American servicement, we use Special Opps kill a Republican Guard General or junior level mullah.

3) Do bomb Iran, but of course focus on their nuclear development programs and destroy their air defense system. This will show them we have the will and might to leave the mullahs defenseless if they don’t change their ways.

If #3 does not happen while Bush is in office, my permanent residence will be Cozumel Mexico or some other Caribbean Island. Why? Because Iran will get and use the bomb in the near future. I would expect a nuclear weapon on a freight ship detonated right outside of NYC. We would likely find out who the perp is and vaporize Tehran along with ALL of their military, but with NYC completely destroyed all economic activity would come to an immediate halt and our way of life here in America as we know it would end.

It also means that my theory of Russia supplying nuclear know-how and material with the end game of Iran being a willful puppet in turning the USA into a 3rd world country overnight would be true with the next step of a WWIII scenerio playing out with a very grim result.

6 posted on 05/11/2007 1:38:08 PM PDT by quant5
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To: freedom44

Big Bump!

7 posted on 05/11/2007 1:56:33 PM PDT by nuconvert ([there are bad people in the pistachio business] (...but his head is so tiny...))
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To: freedom44


8 posted on 05/11/2007 2:01:37 PM PDT by NutCrackerBoy
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To: iopscusa
Where is the message from the USA State Dept...

Right here, and it has been consistent: Rice urges Iran to take part in Iraq meeting - FT

"It (regime change) was not the policy of the U.S. government. The policy was to have a change in regime behaviour" - Condoleezza Rice, 04/22/2007

Sounds like Reza and Condi speak the same language and are on the same page, especially contrasting Iran with Soviet Union, on which Condi is an expert.

9 posted on 05/12/2007 11:56:13 PM PDT by CutePuppy (If you don't ask the right questions you may not get the right answers)
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To: freedom44
Who benefits most with the US engaged in a long drawn out attempt of stopping global terrorism??? Our very own liberals have empowered these terrorists as much as any on this planet. Now that the American voters returned leftist liberals to control the power of the law and purse, why shouldn’t the ideology of tyrannical rule not be seen as the winning solution.

Americans have shamed themselves by falling for the deception of the godless left, we shall see how far down we must go. We have our own Moolahs called liberals and what they have in store for we the people flows in the same flooded river of results to what worldwide Moolahism produces.

10 posted on 05/13/2007 12:22:39 AM PDT by Just mythoughts (Finally, global warming, the sun has come out after weeks of rain, maybe I won't be planting rice...)
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To: American Quilter

“More knowledgeable people than I on this forum could perhaps explain what the difficulties would be, and whether these ideas are actually feasible.”

You may want to check threads on articles by Michael Ledeen who is a major proponent of Iran’s internal “regime change” path. Fair disclosure - I do not subscribe to the view that it’s feasible without ‘some’ military ops help.

One example here:

11 posted on 05/13/2007 1:16:27 AM PDT by CutePuppy (If you don't ask the right questions you may not get the right answers)
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To: CutePuppy

Thanks for the links, CP. And it does seem to me that military action on our part is almost certainly going to be necessary.

12 posted on 05/13/2007 9:47:32 AM PDT by American Quilter (You can't negotiate with people who are dedicated to your destruction.)
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