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Georgia on our Conscience
National Review ^ | August 11, 2008 | Editors

Posted on 08/11/2008 1:51:40 PM PDT by rrstar96

Though the order “Lights, camera, action!” was given by Georgian president Mikhail Saakashvili, the wartime drama now unfolding in the Caucasus was devised, scripted, directed, and produced in Moscow by Vladimir Putin and his fellow siloviki (or former KGB kleptocrats.) For almost two decades Russia has sought to divide and destabilize the new independent states in its former backyard by helping to establish, finance, and protect “breakaway” ethnic statelets such as South Ossetia and Abkhazia within the sovereign territory of Georgia.

These statelets fulfill two important functions.

First, they provide the siloviki with country estates. Almost none of the officials in the South Ossetian government are locals. Most are high-ranking former KGB officials from other parts of Russia. But South Ossetia provides them with a safe haven in which they can launder money, run smuggling operations, traffic in women, divert official funds into their pockets, and wage small but useful wars. Those wars are the second function: They help to destabilize independent states, especially pro-Western states such as Georgia, already weakened by division. South Ossetian “forces” have been bombing Georgian villages at irregular intervals for years, but recently more intensively.

That gave Saakashvili a choice of evils. Either he did nothing — and lost a large chunk of his country to Putin’s salami tactics. (He recently gave Russian passports to South Ossetians otherwise unable to travel.) Or he sought to regain at least some of South Ossetia by a lightning raid. Saakashvili chose what is manifestly the worse of the those two evils. It proved to be a disaster for him and for Georgia.

A massive Russian response, quite manifestly ready to go, was launched. Russian tanks rolled into South Ossetia. Another pro-Russian force attacked Georgia in that part of the second breakaway province of Abkhazia that Tblisi still controls. Georgia’s well-trained but modest army was forced to withdraw. Russian planes continued to bomb central Georgia, seeking to degrade both military and economic targets. When Saakashvili proposed a cease-fire, the Russians at first refused to talk to him, then started multiplying conditions for their acceptance; those conditions now include Saakashvili’s resignation.

Throughout this calculated aggression, the Russian media has played an inglorious but technically brilliant role. They have used the most modern techniques of journalism and marketing to broadcast the worst lies of the Kremlin. Those lies themselves have been cleverly designed to imitate the West’s own justifications for the Kosovo intervention: “ethnic cleansing” and “genocide.” Doubtless the Georgian forces committed crimes in their incursion into South Ossetia. There are plausible reports that they shelled villages. But they were overwhelmed so quickly that they simply could not have committed crimes of the scale alleged by the Kremlin. Besides, Russia’s long patronage of South Ossetian attacks, its invasion across internationally recognized borders, and its relentless bombing of a country that has retreated and offered a cease-fire deprives it of any right to make such accusations. Russian policy is a war crime in itself.

None of this is or should be about Russia or the Russian people. All of it stinks of Soviet propaganda, Soviet brutality, Soviet morality, and Soviet nostalgia. It is the handiwork of the siloviki clique that currently monopolizes power in Russia through authoritarian politics, kleptocratic economics, and media manipulation. This clique must be shown that war crimes do not pay. The Russian people, too, need to learn that nostalgia for Soviet imperialism is a dead end for Russia. But that means that the West must demonstrate unmistakably that the post–Cold War international order will not be overturned — neither in the world nor in the Caucasus. Not much can be done at present on the ground. We have neither the military means nor the political unwisdom to imitate Saakashvili’s rash adventurism. What the West can do is to use its influence and diplomatic skills to ensure that the conflict ends before more people die or more of Georgia is dismembered. Unless the desire to punish Georgia has driven the siloviki beyond all common sense, they will be content with this de facto annexation. For Saakashvili, a settlement binding Georgia to use only peaceful means in seeking reunification with South Ossetia is probably the best that can be obtained in the wake of military defeat. In effect the conflict would be “re-frozen.”

In the long term, however, America and its allies must demonstrate that Russia has lost more than it gained from this conflict. One first step must be for the U.S. to agree with its NATO allies to confirm an offer of NATO membership for both Georgia and Ukraine. Poland, the Baltic states, and other central European countries are already calling for an emergency NATO summit that might issue such a declaration. Only Germany seems to stand in the way of such a decision — and the Germans should be told firmly that their opposition to Georgia membership earlier this year encouraged the siloviki to mount this attack. Time for them to forget Rapallo once and for all, and join the rest of the West in resisting the re-emergence of the USSR.

Second, we should ask Poland and the Czech Republic to hold any necessary referendums on installing a missile defense system to be held at once — and campaign on the argument that Russia has just shown that it cannot be trusted to be a good international neighbor. Such a victory would lose the Kremlin far more than it gained in the Caucasus.

Third, once the fighting has definitively stopped, the U.S. should offer a generous rebuilding program in Georgia — to be carried out, in part, by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. That is one piece of social work that the Pentagon should relish.

Is there a role for economic sanctions here — such as expelling Russia from the G8? Not in the first instance. Sanctions generally work better as a threat than as a policy. And Europeans are reluctant to lose the business they cut off. So sanctions should be used as a threat. Russia should be quietly told that if it obstructs any of the policies outlined above, then a list of economic sanctions will be progressively imposed. Russia looks stronger — economically and militarily — than it really is. The siloviki know it; so do we. We should make plain that everyone will know if they continue along the path of resuscitating the Soviet corpse.


TOPICS: Editorial; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; Russia
KEYWORDS: caucasus; geopolitics; georgia; nationalreview; nro; russia; southossetia; war

1 posted on 08/11/2008 1:54:03 PM PDT by rrstar96
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To: Grzegorz 246; lizol

ping


2 posted on 08/11/2008 1:55:08 PM PDT by rrstar96 (Strength and Honor!)
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To: rrstar96

Bingo. One hopes Bush signs on to the lot.


3 posted on 08/11/2008 1:57:41 PM PDT by hershey
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To: rrstar96

Good analysis.


4 posted on 08/11/2008 1:59:40 PM PDT by lizol
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To: rrstar96; Arthur Wildfire! March; Lorianne; ZULU; bayouranger; Grimmy; Konrad_PL; Reform Canada; ...
Eastern European ping list


FRmail me to be added or removed from this Eastern European ping list

5 posted on 08/11/2008 2:00:19 PM PDT by lizol
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To: lizol

Russia set up and supports Transneistria in Moldova very similarly to Georgia and S. Ossetia. Their troops are there “keeping the peace”. They would look for any excuse to retake Moldova and threaten The Ukraine. We have to act now because waiting gives them the upper hand militarily as well as at the negotiating table.


6 posted on 08/11/2008 2:12:59 PM PDT by shankbear (Al-Qaeda grew while Monica blew)
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To: rrstar96
When Saakashvili proposed a cease-fire, the Russians at first refused to talk to him, then started multiplying conditions for their acceptance; those conditions now include Saakashvili’s resignation.

I hate to say it, but this reminds me of when clinton offered Yugoslavia terms so ludicrous in exchange for not invading that they were forced to refuse. Then he started bombing civilians in Belgrade.

I don't say this to excuse the Russians, but to damn clinton for what he did--along with Blair, Schroeder, and NATO.

This really is horrible. First the Serbs were screwed, and now the Georgians. Who would want to be an ally of the U.S. after this? And what will President Bush now do about it? It's hard to see what the response should be.

7 posted on 08/11/2008 2:19:51 PM PDT by Cicero (Marcus Tullius)
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To: rrstar96

make no mistake... Putin is taking our pulse with Georgia.


8 posted on 08/11/2008 2:27:19 PM PDT by Ancient Drive
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To: rrstar96
Third, once the fighting has definitively stopped, the U.S. should offer a generous rebuilding program in Georgia — to be carried out, in part, by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

I'm sorry, I don't see it. The Russians aren't going to pull back. There isn't going to be an independent Georgia for us to rebuild.

9 posted on 08/11/2008 2:27:36 PM PDT by marron
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To: rrstar96

Great analysis. While I see a lot of support for Georgia from the former soviet enslaved countries in eastern europe, western europe I don’t have much faith in.
I can’t see NATO rushing to give membership to Ukraine and Georgia. There will be endless harumphing at those meetings.


10 posted on 08/11/2008 2:30:55 PM PDT by Proud_USA_Republican (We're going to take things away from you on behalf of the common good. - Hillary Clinton)
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To: Ancient Drive
Putin is taking our pulse with Georgia.

He's got our number.

11 posted on 08/11/2008 2:33:51 PM PDT by marron
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To: marron

Then I will go there and begin an underground force.
I will email you and let you know how it goes.
The Georgians have many powerful and wealthy friends -
in France and here in Seattle, among other places.
What is more the Georgians character inspires others to love them and stand with them.
The fat lady has not yet sung.


12 posted on 08/11/2008 2:35:36 PM PDT by MarMema (Tavisuplebas dideba!)
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To: MarMema
What is more the Georgians character inspires others to love them and stand with them.

May God be with them.

13 posted on 08/11/2008 2:37:12 PM PDT by marron
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To: MarMema

‘The fat lady has not yet sung.’

A lot of people hope the fat lady’s song crushes the Russian Army. such a tiny country flying the Democracy Flag at it’s highest being bullied by the Fathers of Communism.


14 posted on 08/11/2008 2:40:07 PM PDT by Ancient Drive
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To: balls

ping


15 posted on 08/11/2008 2:56:33 PM PDT by MarMema (Tavisuplebas dideba!)
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To: marron
He's got our number.

Putin thinks he's got our number. Putin has Obama's number. This may have been a terrible miscalculation on Putin's part. I think the EU feels differently about an aggressive expansionist government in Eastern Europe than they do about the WOT. I think many of the people who refused to support us in invading Iraq are going to support the United States confronting the Russian Army.

I completely understand your point. I am just an optimist and think we might still possess a willingness to flex some muscle. I've been waiting my entire life for this fight. Reagan crushed the USSR but as long as Russia has an army they pose a threat to freedom.

16 posted on 08/11/2008 3:03:42 PM PDT by Zevonismymuse
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To: Proud_USA_Republican
While I see a lot of support for Georgia from the former soviet enslaved countries in eastern europe, western europe I don’t have much faith in.

Dang...you're throwin' a wet blanket on my optimism. I know you might be right. Dang.

How can Westen Europe not see the threat posed by the Soviet take over of the folks to their east? Oh yeah, now I remember...WWI and WWII. Dang

17 posted on 08/11/2008 3:07:10 PM PDT by Zevonismymuse
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To: rrstar96

The article is largely an exercise in wimpy wishful thinking. Georgia is dead as an independent nation, and Saakashvili will be lucky to get away alive. If even he flees, he may end up with a mysterious radiation sickness. This should be a wakeup call to the the dodos in Washington. Neo-Soviet Russia is on the march, with a clear strategy to strangle the West by controlling energy and minerals, yet Bush is still talking about Russia losing “standing in the world.” As if the Russians have ever cared at all about anything but the “correlation of forces.” We should be thinking very hard about whether we can build up the other ex-Soviet states (and our own military) enough for them to withstand future Russian imperialism. Unless we do that, making them nominal members of NATO is a joke.


18 posted on 08/11/2008 3:43:28 PM PDT by hellbender
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To: hellbender
NATO is a joke. Europe has no significant military assets to speak of. Only we do and expanding NATO would not change the fact the alliance isn't a military organization. The kindest thing we could do is dissolve it and leave the Europeans to fend for themselves. Europe will never stand up to Russia unless America stops taking on all the water for them.

"Show me just what Mohammed brought that was new, and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached." - Manuel II Palelologus

19 posted on 08/11/2008 4:01:04 PM PDT by goldstategop (In Memory Of A Dearly Beloved Friend Who Lives In My Heart Forever)
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Comment #20 Removed by Moderator

To: goldstategop

The whole point of NATO was to be a military alliance capable of preventing further Soviet expansion. If it is no longer a military organization, why have it, let alone expand it? NATO states are supposedly obligated to defend any member against attack. (In fact, that’s the reason a few Euro countries sent token forces to support us in Afghanistan and Iraq.) If we let countries like Ukraine in, we damn well see that they and we have the hardware, the will, and the strategy to win if they are attacked.


21 posted on 08/11/2008 4:13:29 PM PDT by hellbender
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To: calcowgirl

ping


22 posted on 08/11/2008 6:03:07 PM PDT by MarMema (Tavisuplebas dideba!)
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To: rrstar96

bttt


23 posted on 08/11/2008 6:03:49 PM PDT by angelsonmyside
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To: calcowgirl
whoops, I meant to point this out.

"South Ossetian “forces” have been bombing Georgian villages at irregular intervals for years, but recently more intensively."

And, not just that but kidnapping and killing Georgians, once a young boy a few years ago.

24 posted on 08/11/2008 6:04:32 PM PDT by MarMema (Tavisuplebas dideba!)
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To: MarMema

Thanks for the heads up.

But over the last 10 years of reading it, I no longer rely on NRO as a credible source.
I’ll take what they say and give it consideration while also reading other views.


25 posted on 08/11/2008 6:13:27 PM PDT by calcowgirl ("Liberalism is just Communism sold by the drink." P. J. O'Rourke)
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To: rrstar96

“In the long term, however, America and its allies must demonstrate that Russia has lost more than it gained from this conflict.”

Absolutely. And I bet there are US admirals out there who see vulnerable Russian shipping just begging to be attacked. I bet there are some outer Russian air bases that could be strafed. The president should find out about these opportunities and not just listen to people who ring their hands. He should hear both sides.

As for Russia’s nuclear threat, I don’t think that they are willing to get into a nuclear war over Georgia. We can’t let that irrational fear hamstring us because it will only get worse in the future if we give in to fear now— Russia and China are proliferating to other countries all the time [thanks in large part to Truman and Clinton].


26 posted on 08/12/2008 2:00:32 AM PDT by Arthur Wildfire! March ("The internet needs a gatekeeper," The Cackling Comeback Witch aka Hillary Rod-ham [Clinton])
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