Skip to comments.Remember The Alamo! (166 Men Died For Freedom - March 6, 1836)
Posted on 03/06/2009 7:49:34 PM PST by Robert A. Cook, PE
In the face of increasing terror attacks on our rights and our freedoms from the media and their anointed deities in Washington, it is important that we remember our history.
And those who died looking at the guns of oppression for many days, but who refused to quit.
-- And, in Goliad a few days before, remember also those who were mercilessly slaughtered AFTER meekly surrendering to the same invading horde of despots. Those deaths prove that "Quitting" and "Negotiations" are a fast way to death.
Yes, some in TX were fighting Santa Anna for their economic freedom and way of life (which, in did include slavery) - but few who fought were slave-owners. Despite the revisonists today.
Thank you, TN volunteers.
Thank you for the reminder.
May those that have any thinking abilities left, think.
The final assault came before daybreak on the morning of March 6, 1836, as columns of Mexican soldiers emerged from the predawn darkness and headed for the Alamo's walls. Cannon and small arms fire from inside the Alamo beat back several attacks. Regrouping, the Mexicans scaled the walls and rushed into the compound. Once inside, they turned a captured cannon on the Long Barrack and church, blasting open the barricaded doors. The desperate struggle continued until the defenders were overwhelmed. By sunrise, the battle had ended and Santa Anna entered the Alamo compound to survey the scene of his victory.
While the facts surrounding the siege of the Alamo continue to be debated, there is no doubt about what the battle has come to symbolize. People worldwide continue to remember the Alamo as a heroic struggle against impossible odds a place where men made the ultimate sacrifice for freedom. For this reason, the Alamo remains hallowed ground and the Shrine of Texas Liberty.
(Below is the version of the Alamo story from “The Straight Dope”, by Cecil Adams, of the Chicago Reader, a column much like Snopes, devoted to sorting fact from fiction.)
There was not just one Texan survivor at the Alamo, but six: three women, two children, and a black male servant. In addition, sympathizers from the town of San Antonio across the river from the Alamo were sneaking in and out of the fort more or less continuously during the siege preceding the massacre, so there was no lack of Texan witnesses to the whole affair.
Still, the most detailed reports of the battle itself come from Mexican soldiers. It turns out that the stirring stories of heroic deeds so cherished by Texans were arrived at mostly by that creative process we call “making it up,” the basis of much American history.
One of the longest and possibly most objective accounts of the Alamo’s last stand was written by one Jose Enrique de la Pena, a lieutenant colonel with the forces of the Mexican president-general Santa Anna. He was critical of the leadership on both sides, particularly his own.
For instance, when Mexican forces first arrived at San Antonio on February 23, 1836, the Texans were sleeping it off from a rousing party the night before, and the Alamo (a converted mission) was guarded by only ten men. Rather than move swiftly, though, the Mexican commander dawdled, permitting the Texans to raise the alarm and scramble their forces into position.
As it happened, the defenders were about as disorganized as the Mexicans. They had a clumsy system of dual leadership, with the regular forces commanded by William Travis while the volunteers answered only to Jim Bowie. The Texans had not bothered to store much food or ammunition, and they had nowhere near enough men to defend their fort, a large, irregularly shaped compound whose walls were crumbling in places.
The Mexican troops, for their part, were poorly paid, ill-fed, and haphazardly trained, and had been exhausted by a grueling march over the desert. Even so, morale was reasonably high. The Mexicans with some justice regarded the Texans as murderous barbarians. Indeed, one of the reasons the Texans were so determined to win independence from Mexico in the first place was that the Mexican constitution outlawed slavery, which the Texans favored.
Having lost the advantage of surprise, Santa Anna could have done two things: simply bypass the Alamo altogether, since it was of little strategic value, or wait until his artillery arrived, which would simplify breaching the fort’s defenses. He did neither, opting instead for a rash attack instead on March 6—according to rumor, says de la Pena, because Santa Anna had heard that Travis and company were on the verge of surrendering, and he didn’t want to win without some battlefield heroics first.
The assault was a nightmare. Advancing on the fort, the Mexicans were ordered to commence firing while still out of range, with the result that they had to reload under the Texans’ guns. Scaling ladders were inadequate, and the Mexican soldiers were forced to scrabble over the walls on the backs of their fellows. Once the Mexicans were inside, the battle degenerated into a melee, with soldiers shooting at their comrades as often as at the enemy.
When it was all over, seven captured defenders, including Davy Crockett, were brought before Santa Anna. He ordered them killed, and they were hacked to death with sabres. American losses are variously given as 182, 188, and 253, while the Mexicans lost more than 300, de la Pena says. All in all, it was not a heroic episode for anyone concerned.
The heroes of Goliad and the Alamo are rolling in their graves to see what is happening these days.
May God Bless These Heroes. May Americans today learn the lessons of their sacrifice.
Today is an important day to remember.
And I was proud on Monday to be in one of the few counties where we still close offices for Texas Independence Day.
I remember the Alamo, every day.
Now if something could be done with Washington-on-the-Brazos, it would be even better.
TEXT OF LETTER FROM COL. TRAVIS:
February 24, 1836
Fellow citizens & compatriots —
I am beseiged, by a thousand or more of the Mexicans under Santa Anna — I have sustained a continual Bombardment & cannonade for 24 hours & have not lost a man — The enemy has demanded a surrender at discretion, otherwise, the garrison are to be put to the sword, if the fort is taken — I have answered the demand with a cannon shot, & our flag still waves proudly from the walls — I shall never surrender or retreat. Then, I call on you in the name of Liberty, of patriotism, & every thing dear to the American character, to come to our aid, with all dispatch — The enemy is receiving reinforcements daily & will no doubt increase to three or four thousand in four or five days. If this call is neglected, I am determined to sustain myself as long as possible & die like a soldier who never forgets what is due to his own honor & that of his country —
VICTORY OR DEATH
William Barret Travis
Lt. Col. Comdt.
P.S. The Lord is on our side — When the enemy appeared in sight we had not three bushels of corn — We have since found in deserted houses 80 or 90 bushels & got into the walls 20 or 30 head of Beeves —
I will always remember the Alamo. It’s my birthday today.
Davy, a Tennessean, at the Alamo.
BUMP and thank you for the post.
Ain't no bias in that piece of garbage. Nope!
See the article posted on the Libertarian Party website.
Another Mexican account says nothing of seven captured defenders but does describe an American shouting defiance at the Mexicans in between his deadly shots. After the battle the same leader was obeserved with his strange hat lying beside his body (Crockett often wore fox tailed hats as well as coonskins).
Cecil Adams has a leftist bent to a lot of his stuff.
Marty Robbins - Ballad of the Alamo
I’m not a fan of revisionist history.
The park also boasts an interpretive trail which winds from Independence Hall, a replica of the original building where the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence took place, to the historic Washington townsite. Work at the park will continue for the next year with the replication of Barrington Farm. The homestead of Anson Jones, the fourth and last president of the Republic of Texas, will include a two-story home that is being relocated from its present site behind the museum to the farm.”
They have improved it since I was there last. When I go back home I will have to check it out.
The Alamo - The Green Leaves Of Summer - Original Soundtrack
Neither am I. According to Mexican not American accounts, they lost a hell of a lot more then 300 men during the attack. Typically leftists try to down play anything that is revered in this country.
All went well until the Texicans begin to prosper and were seen as a source of taxes and labor to shore up the corrupt empire of Santa Ana to the south. When the rights which they were guaranteed were repudiated by Santa Ana, the Texicans naturally declared independence.
Look at the list of the defenders of the Alamo and where they came from. They didn't all come from Texas and Tennessee and South Carolina. Some came from England and Germany and even Mexico to fight for the independence that they had declared.
The list needs to be printed and reviewed. What makes Texans special is the same thing that makes Americans special-- it is a way of thinking and a love of liberty, not an accident of birth.
Gentlemen,please remove your hats.
The Alamo is one of the most solemn places I’ve ever been.
Yeah. I was just reading something about this the other day. The article said that the low side was at least over 400 Mexican soldiers killed. I don’t know why the lefties feel they need to attack and destroy what happened at the Alamo. (Well, I really do. They hate America). Having said all that. The defenders at the Alamo gave Houston and his 910 Texicans the time needed to get their act together and form the army needed to stop Santa Anna at San Jacinto. The actual battle lasted approximately 20 minutes. Everything else is irrelevant.
It just seemed appropriate to ping.
I asked everyone at work “What is today, March 6th?”
Sadly, no one knew.
Those who do not know history, are destined to repeat it.
The story of Goliad needs to be told. From what I remember, they surrendered without a fight and then were massacred. I’ve seen figures for Goliad and another town at between 300-600 killed after surrending.
Gen. Santa Ana was captured during the Mexican-American War but was released, and never tried for his war crimes.
Sounds like Obama and Holder were running the country, even back then.
The following list of Alamo defenders and birthplaces was obtained from the Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas.
Defender’s Name and Birthplace
Abamillo, Juan (Texas)
Allen, Robert (Virginia)
Andross, Miles DeForrest (Vermont)
Autry, Micajah (North Carolina)
Badillo, Juan A. (Texas)
Bailey, Peter James III (Kentucky)
Baker, Isaac G. (Arkansas)
Baker, William Charles M. (Missouri)
Ballentine, John J. (Pennsylvania)
Ballantine, Richard W. (Scotland)
Baugh, John J. (Virginia)
Bayliss, Joseph (Tennessee)
Blair, John (Tennessee)
Blair, Samuel (Tennessee)
Blazeby, William (England)
Bonham, James Butler (South Carolina)
Bourne, Daniel (England)
Bowie, James (Kentucky)
Bowman, Jesse B. (Tennessee)
Brown, George (England)
Brown, James (Pennsylvania)
Brown, Robert (Unknown)
Buchanan, James (Alabama)
Burns, Samuel E. (Ireland)
Butler, George, D. (Missouri)
Cain, John (Pennsylvania)
Campbell, Robert (Tennessee)
Carey, William R. (Virginia)
Clark, Charles Henry (Missouri)
Clark, M.B. (Mississippi)
Cloud, Daniel William (Kentucky)
Cochran, Robert E. (New Hampshire)
Cottle, George Washington (Missouri)
Courtman, Henry (Germany)
Crawford, Lemuel (South Carolina)
Crockett, David (Tennessee)
Crossman, Robert (Pennsylvania)
Cummings, David P. (Pennsylvania)
Cunningham, Robert (New York)
Darst, Jacob C. (Kentucky)
Davis, John (Kentucky)
Day, Freeman H.K. (Unknown)
Day, Jerry C. (Missouri)
Daymon, Squire (Tennessee)
Dearduff, William (Tennessee)
Dennison, Stephen (England or Ireland)
Despallier, Charles (Louisiana)
Dewall, Lewis (New York)
Dickinson, Almeron (Tennessee)
Dillard, John Henry (Tennessee)
Dimpkins, James R. (England)
Duvalt, Andrew (Ireland)
Espalier, Carlos (Texas)
Esparza, Gregorio (Texas)
Evans, Robert (Ireland)
Evans, Samuel B. (New York)
Ewing, James L. (Tennessee)
Faunterloy, William Keener (Kentucky)
Fishbaugh, William (Unknown)
Flanders, John (Massachusetts)
Floyd, Dolphin Ward (North Carolina)
Forsyth, John Hubbard (New York)
Fuentes, Antonio (Texas)
Fuqua, Galba (Alabama)
Garnett, William (Virginia)
Garrand, James W. (Louisiana)
Garrett, James Girard (Tennessee)
Garvin, John E. (Unknown)
Gaston, John E. (Kentucky)
George, James (Unknown)
Goodrich, John C. (Virginia)
Grimes, Albert Calvin (Georgia)
Guerrero, José María (Texas)
Gwynne, James C. (England)
Hannum, James (Pennsylvania)
Harris, John (Kentucky)
Harrison, Andrew Jackson (Tennessee)
Harrison, William B (Ohio)
Hawkins, Joseph M. (Ireland)
Hays, John M. (Tennessee)
Heiskell, Charles M. (Tennessee)
Herndon, Patrick Henry (Virginia)
Hersee, William Daniel (England)
Holland, Tapley (Ohio)
Holloway, Samuel (Pennsylvania)
Howell, William D. (Massachusetts)
Jackson, Thomas (Ireland)
Jackson, William Daniel (Kentucky)
Jameson, Green B. (Kentucky)
Jennings, Gordon C. (Pennsylvania)
Jimenes (Ximenes), Damacio (Texas)
Johnson, Lewis (Wales)
Johnson, William (Pennsylvania)
Jones, John (New York)
Kellog, John Benjamin (Kentucky)
Kenney, James (Virginia)
Kent, Andrew (Kentucky)
Kerr, Joseph (Louisiana)
Kimbell, George C. (Pennsylvania)
King, William Philip (Texas)
Lewis, William Irvine (Virginia)
Lightfoot, William J. (Virginia)
Lindley, Jonathan L. (Illinois)
Linn, William (Massachusetts)
Losoya, Toribio (Texas)
Main, George Washington (Unknown)
Malone, William T. (Georgia)
Marshall, William (Tennessee)
Martin, Albert (Rhode Island)
McCafferty, Edward (Unknown)
McCoy, Jesse (Tennessee)
McDowell, William (Pennsylvania)
McGee, James (Ireland)
McGregor, John (Scotland)
McKinney, Robert (Tennessee)
Melton, Eliel (Georgia)
Miller, Thomas R. (Tennessee)
Mills, William (Tennessee)
Millsaps, Isaac (Mississippi)
Mitchell, Edwin T. (Unknown)
Mitchell, Napoleon B. (Unknown)
Mitchusson, Edward F. (Virginia)
Moore, Robert B. (Virginia)
Moore, Willis A. (Mississippi)
Musselman, Robert (Ohio)
Nava, Andrés (Texas)
Neggan, George (South Carolina)
Nelson, Andrew M. (Tennessee)
Nelson, Edward (South Carolina)
Nelson, George (South Carolina)
Northcross, James (Virginia)
Nowlan, James (England)
Pagan, George (Unknown)
Parker, Christopher Adam (Unknown)
Parks, William (North Carolina)
Perry, Richardson (Texas)
Pollard, Amos (Massachusetts)
Reynolds, John Purdy (Pennsylvania)
Roberts, Thomas H. (Unknown)
Robertson, James Waters (Tennessee)
Robinson, Isaac (Scotland)
Rose, James M. (Ohio)
Rusk, Jackson J. (Ireland)
Rutherford, Joseph (Kentucky)
Ryan, Isaac (Louisiana)
Scurlock, Mial (North Carolina)
Sewell, Marcus L. (England)
Shied, Manson (Georgia)
Simmons, Cleveland Kinlock (South Carolina)
Smith, Andrew H. (Unknown)
Smith, Charles S. (Maryland)
Smith, Joshua G. (North Carolina)
Smith, William H. (Unknown)
Starr, Richard (England)
Stewart, James E. (England)
Stockton, Richard L. (New Jersey)
Summerlin, A. Spain (Tennessee)
Summers, William E. (Tennessee)
Sutherland, William DePriest (Unknown)
Taylor, Edward (Tennessee)
Taylor, George (Tennessee)
Taylor, James (Tennessee)
Taylor, William (Tennessee)
Thomas, B. Archer M. (Kentucky)
Thomas, Henry (Germany)
Thompson, Jesse G. (Arkansas)
Thomson, John W. (North Carolina)
Thruston, John, M. (Pennsylvania)
Trammel, Burke (Ireland)
Travis, William Barret (South Carolina)
Tumlinson, George W. (Missouri)
Tylee, James (New York)
Walker, Asa (Tennessee)
Walker, Jacob (Tennessee)
Ward, William B. (Ireland)
Warnell, Henry (Unknown)
Washington, Joseph G. (Kentucky)
Waters, Thomas (England)
Wells, William (Georgia)
White, Isaac (Alabama or Kentucky)
White, Robert (Unknown)
Williamson, Hiram James (Pennsylvania)
Wills, William (Unknown)
Wilson, David L. (Scotland)
Wilson, John (Pennsylvania)
Wolf, Anthony (Unknown)
Wright, Claiborne (North Carolina)
Zanco, Charles (Denmark)
John, a Black Freedman (Unknown)
I posted Adams’ account because up until recently, when I’d think of the Alamo, I’d only think of the rightful heroism of those brave Texans who chose to stay in that crumbling mission to face certain death against Santa Anna.
Most stories I heard about the Alamo gave short shrift to the background and focused on the heroism. This was reinforced for me the the 1960 “Alamo” film with John Wayne, which shows Mexican cannon artillery blasting the Alamo at the same time as the Mexican infantry charged. (i haven’t seen the 2004 movie version yet, so I don’t know about that one.)
Adams’ account was the first time I read that, in reality, there probably wasn’t any Mexican cannon at the time of the attack, and that it was just a brutal infantry charge on behalf of the Mexicans.
The Mexican army diary which Adams bases his account on also claimed, on hearsay, that Davy Crockett was one of the seven survivors captured at the end and that he went to his cold blooded execution by the Mexicans with no groveling like the brave man he was. It’s a matter of choosing which eyewitness to believe in matters like this, and I choose to believe the one cited earlier who said that Crockett died in hot blood fighting the Mexicans and his coonskin cap was at his side. Davy Crockett doesn’t come across as someone who would be among those captured seven men.
In 2000, while driving from Houston to San Antonio, I visited the Coleto Creek battlefield, in what is now Fannin, Texas, where those murdered at Goliad had surrendered, and was the only visitor.
By contrast, the Alamo had scores, if not hundreds of visitors. It gets arouund four million per year. While in San Antonio, I visited the other eighteenth-century missions on the Mission Trail.
While in Houston, I drove out to La Porte to visit the San Jacinto battlefield--a must for anyone visiting Houston..
There certainly could have been some “I’m Spartacus!” confusion at the end in an attempt to spare Crockett’s body from humiliation, or, equally, some other Texan hoping to be spared by claiming to be someone important.
Donovan singing his version of Remember The Alamo.
Home of the Brave...
Same here vet. A lot of those Tennesseans at the Alamo were from Madison County and Chester County
Nice map of the Republic of Texas, but I think they originally annexed everything west to the Pacific and everything south to Central America. Couldn’t enforce it obviously
Remember the Angel of Goliad too!
Miller, Thomas R. (Tennessee)
IIRC, Thomas had relocated to Gonzales, Texas prior to joining the force at the Alamo.
I salute my kin...
I am a Texan and every April 30th I also give a nod to the French Foreign Legion by raising a glass to the men at Camerone, Mexico, 1862.
Remember The Alamo!!
I saw one that had (Unknown Louisiana),,,(4-5?)...