They teach them that in gerbalism school:
`Hewing To The Party Line’ by Dr. I.M. Kooky
Chapter 4. Citing Non-existent Authorities
“If you ever want to beg the question at issue straight-up, you can simply, well—you can pull just about anything out of your a** and run it up the ol’ flagpole by starting out with, “Some say ... “.
Great find! I never knew that but it’s obvious these dummies didn’t think it up themselves. Man, we’ve been turning our country over to the dummies since the 70s.
People seriously need to learn everything they can about fallacies. Call people on a fallacy 3 times and they’ll end their so-called argument.
E.g., appeal to authority, or.....say, appeal to FEAR, which has the following sub-categories:
Appeal to Envy (AKA, Argumentum ad Invidiam)
Appeal to Fear (AKA, Argumentum ad Metum)
Appeal to Hatred (AKA, Argumentum ad Odium)
Appeal to Pity (AKA, Argumentum ad Misericordiam)
Appeal to Pride (AKA, Argumentum ad Superbiam)
Appeal to Authority
An appeal to authority is an argument from the fact that a person judged to be an authority affirms a proposition to the claim that the proposition is true.
Appeals to authority are always deductively fallacious; even a legitimate authority speaking on his area of expertise may affirm a falsehood, so no testimony of any authority is guaranteed to be true.
However, the informal fallacy occurs only when the authority cited either (a) is not an authority, or (b) is not an authority on the subject on which he is being cited. If someone either isnt an authority at all, or isnt an authority on the subject about which theyre speaking, then that undermines the value of their testimony.
The problem we have is, as we all know here, the lies we’re being told. That is way beyond fallacies.