Skip to comments.Coyotes are behind millionaire Migrants (Google Translate)
Posted on 07/22/2014 6:43:43 AM PDT by Oldeconomybuyer
Tecum Uman, SAN MARCOS -. Dressed in shorts and sandals seemed himself a migrant, but the man spoke as a businessman described how while sending tens of thousands of dollars in human cargo from the slums of Honduras and the mountains of Guatemala to cities around the United States.
"It's business," said the man with a mustache not very populated and some gray in his black hair, who spoke to a reporter on the condition of keeping their identity anonymous. "Sometimes it goes well."
Given the dramatic increase in the number of juveniles detained in the U.S. in recent months, it appears that the business of migrant trafficking, particularly in Central America, is booming.
The vast majority of migrants entering the country without proper documentation north do it with the help of networks of coyotes, as they are known traffickers. It is a high risk business and often with significant returns that generates six thousand 600 million dollars a year to smugglers along the roads leading to the United States, according to a 2010 report of the United Nations.
Migrants come to pay five thousand to $ 10,000 per person for the trip along thousands of miles, under the care of trafficking networks who bribe officials, gangs operating in the train tracks and posters of the drugs that control the routes to the north .
The exact gain is difficult to calculate. "We're talking about a market where chaos reigns," said Rodolfo Casillas, an expert on migration and trafficking of the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences in Mexico.However, another expert considered that the gain can range from three thousand five hundred and four thousand dollars if the trip goes as planned.
Trafficking networks move from dozens to hundreds of migrants simultaneously. The increase reported a few months ago the government of United States of unaccompanied migrant children and women with children who migrate from Central America, has put new attention in a business that for decades has been dedicated to moving thousands of migrants year.
More than 57,000 unaccompanied children, mostly from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, have been detained in the southern border of the United States from October to June , according to the Border Patrol. That's more than double the same period last year.
Traffickers have benefited from the growing violence in Central American cities plagued by gangs, in addition to the desire for family reunification.
Parents often travel north in search of work and save money to send for their children, sometimes years after coming to America.Many children and adolescents who have recently traveled to the United States said they did so after hearing that would allow them to stay.
The U.S. government often hand over children to parents or relatives in the country while their cases are treated in immigration courts, in processes that can last for years. That reality gave rise to rumors grew of a new law or immigration amnesty for children.
Some say the coyotes helped spread these rumors to encourage new business after a big drop in wave of Mexican immigration to the United States.
The arrest of migrants in the U.S. southwest border has fallen from just over a million dollars a year a decade ago to 415 thousand in 2013.
Advocates for the rights of migrants in the United States say they have seen more children fleeing not only the gang recruitment and random violence, but because they have already been targeted.
"We face torture victims in the Congo and some of these children have similar stories," said Judy London, an attorney for the Public Counsel's Immigrants' Rights Project in Los Angeles.
"(De) abductions when they go home from school, held for ransom, sexual violence. Had not seen this many girls before." Because of that, some dealers say they are in business to help also.
"The most important thing is to help these people," said another coyote in Ixtepec, Oaxaca , a Mexican town where many migrants address a known as The Beast, on his way north train.
The dealer asked to be identified as Antonio Martinez, a name used as a pseudonym and said he had used years ago when I first was in jail.
He wore Nike sneakers, jeans and a dress shirt neatly pressed blue Oxford with the last two buttons unbuttoned and neck that displays the hair of thorns and the cross of the face of Jesus Christ tattooed on the left side of his chest .
He said he spent 12 years as a prisoner in the United States for drug possession and converted to Christianity .
"The coyote is essential," Martinez, 40, said. "Unless you have a compass missed" . Martinez seems to be an independent coyote. He charged 2000 $ 500 for the trip from the border of Guatemala to the U.S. border, which gives the Central Mexican migrants false identity documents and makes them to learn at least the first verse of the national anthem Mexico.
"Pick out you're Mexican 'I say," he said. "We're not in Guatemala. This is no longer patojo '(child), pure kid' are little kids, '" he added by way of example.
But many dealers charge more. Prices have increased in recent years to compensate for the drop in Mexican trafficking businessand to counter the "tax" to be paid for by drug cartels to move people through their territories.
The dealer on the border of Guatemala, speaking after a broker negotiated the place and time, c said work $ 10,000 per person from Central America and that covers everything from hotels to trains payments, bribes to officials at odds posters.
But sometimes, he said, a group of drug trafficking may require as much as 5 thousand extra dollars at the risk of facing death. "You have to be careful by Los Zetas" he said of what they can do with migrants.
"Those the quartered and then to the record." The man spoke at all times in the third person, as if to tell what someone else did. He said a dealer dressing mixed with 10 or 15 migrants who can take each week.
Like many coyotes, he first went to America as a migrant, working as a cook and learned some English.
Casillas, migration expert, said that the business of trafficking in persons is a complex corporate structure .
The guides on the border, he said, tend to work for leaders who operate from a distance. He said he knows of a Salvadoran drug dealer who operates from Texas. "It's a criminal chain that has two segments: the invisible segment, ie it does not need public exposure, but is dedicated to the administration, organization, cash flow," Casillas said.
"These migrants are not necessarily". He added that the guides in the field do not necessarily know who they work for. The big bosses are rarely arrested. In the United States federal along the border authorities seem to make cases against traffickers each week, but the goals are mostly drivers and operators of safe houses. Coyotes look to their customers in social networks, for friends, family or references from previous customers.
People who go to Texas they charge half the price in advance, receive another amount on the road through bank deposits or transfers and get the final payment when they reach their destination.
Those who go to California can give everything until you are there. Many traffickers use routes start The Beast, as freight trains those who rise from the southern state of Chiapas towards the city of Mexico and then choose one of the three main routes to the north is known: a Reynosa, Tamaulipas; Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, or crossing the Sonora Desert and extends to the outskirts of Mexicali.
Most opt for Tamaulipas, shortest path, but also the most dangerous by the presence of drug cartels that have made white migrants from their attacks.
The number of families and unaccompanied minors apprehended by the Border Patrol in the Rio Grande Valley, which borders the Mexican state, was increased by 500% in the first nine months of the current fiscal year compared to the same period last year.
Gulf cartels and Los Zetas control the Mexican border stripes and taxed on everything that happens out there: people, drugs, weapons and merchandise .
Migrants remain in safe houses while waiting for permission from those groups that only allow them to cross into the United States certain days of the week to distract the authorities of shipments of drugs, weapons and money.
Rafael Cardenas Vela, the nephew of former leader of the Gulf Cartel, Osiel Cardenas, gave details during a trial in 2012 against another member of this group of drugs. When Cardenas Vela was responsible for the "square" of the Rio Grande (Rio Grande in the United States) for the cartel between 2009 and 2011, asking 250 to 300 dollars per Mexican immigrant; $ 500 to $ 700 per a Central, and $ 1,500 for someone from Europe or Asia, according to his own testimony.
In addition, 10% had fixed that traffickers had to pay to enable them to work in the area for a fee. "People have to see the cartels as organized crime," said Janice Ayala, special agent of U.S. Immigration and Customs in charge of operations in San Antonio.
"Where you can get a dollar they want a part of that dollar." Unlike drug trafficking organizations that maintain strict monitoring of their cargoes, organizations traffickers are much more flexible and willing to work with other groups to keep the business moving migrants, Ayala said.
They are more like independent contractors may specialize in one segment of the trip is through Mexico, along Mexico's border with Texas , in safe houses or transfers within the United States. All that help along the journey are paid, which is usually fixed and is included in the cost previously determined by the network traffic. Mexican Teens often work as vigilantes but also guides migrants crossing the Rio Grande divides Mexico and the United States.
For his age, only if caught are sent back and are not prosecuted for violation of immigration law. A Mexican government official who monitors illegal migration but was not authorized to comment publicly on the issue, said that children who act as guides can make up to $ 100 per migrant.
A young American woman who lived in southern Texas told authorities after being arrested they were going to pay $ 150 for each migrant to collect near the Rio Grande and take him by car to a safe house . She would receive $ 200 if the trip was to Houston, the Mexican official said. People who feed and care for migrants in safe houses in the United States are often undocumented and there also are paid. In other cases, an American can receive $ 20 per day each migrant. "It's like a small chain in which everyone wins," said the Mexican official.
And I wouldn’t be surprised if US taxpayer dollars are are also being paid through front groups that receive Federal grants. Obama is engaged in human trafficking in order to bring down the US.
Coyotes should be shot on sight.
All "CRIMINAL" immigrants.
If someone was trying to break the back of a wealthy superpower nation that they felt was dominating the American continents what steps might be taken?
Flooding the country with criminals.
Flooding the country with illicit drugs.
Flooding the country with illiterate dependents.
Flooding the country with diseases.
Flooding the courts with criminal and refugee cases. Overwhelm the social service agencies, wreck the budget.
The coyote can make thousands a head to traffic a person.
The US government spends tens of thousands to traffic a person, then obliges itself to pay more over the cargo’s lifetime.
Note that the only people claiming illegals are trying to escape gang violence etc. are the coyotes on the US side of the border.
Big business - big profits... what a surprise.../s