Skip to comments.With Latest Nativist Rhetoric, Trump Takes America Back To Where It Came From (NPR)
Posted on 07/16/2019 12:06:08 PM PDT by Drango
With his latest round of attacks on four first-year members of Congress who are women of color, President Trump has once again touched the raw nerve of racism in American life.
He has also tapped into one of the oldest strains in our politics the fear and vilification of immigrants and their descendants.
Although three of the four women were born in the United States, the president said they should all "go back" where they came from. That phrase has echoed down generations of nativist discourse as successive waves of newcomers have been targeted by individuals, groups and even whole political parties.
At times, the motivations have been economic, focusing on competition for jobs and such social goods as housing or welfare programs. But there has also been a recurrent theme of cultural difference an emphasis on characteristics of religion or language that identify new arrivals as "the other."
Anti-immigration sentiments emerged in force in the 1830s, when U.S. citizens descended primarily from English and Scottish settlers bridled at the influx of Irish. Most of the arriving Irish were Catholic, prompting a hostile reaction among some Protestants that led to deadly riots in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. The persistence of such prejudice made "No Irish Need Apply" one of the most iconic signs in the national memory.
After the Irish, the hostile reaction extended to a surge of new arrivals in the 1840s from Germany, again largely Catholic. In ethnic terms, the Irish and Germans were akin to other colonial Americans (and to immigrants arriving from Scandinavia). But they were viewed as different, clannish and hard to assimilate not just competing for jobs but threatening the social, cultural and political order.
They were pilloried as susceptible to criminality, drunkenness and also as loyal to the foreign power of the pope in Rome.
In the 1840s and 1850s, political parties formed in the U.S. to oppose the permissive immigration policies of the time. Some of these parties embraced the term "Native American," spawning the label "nativist" that has stuck to succeeding generations of immigration opponents ever since.
Perhaps the best known of these was the American Party, which began as a semi-secret society ("The Order of the Star Spangled Banner"), the members of which were told to deny any knowledge of it.
When they claimed to "know nothing" of the group, they were pilloried as the "Know Nothing" party a name that would long survive the entity itself. The party railed against the new arrivals as an economic, social and cultural threat bringing crime, disease, social unrest and the prospect of political takeover at the local level.
A cartoon published in Judge magazine in 1903 is titled "The High Tide of Immigration A National Menace," with the caption: "Immigration statistics for the past year show that the influx of foreigners was the greatest in our history, and also that the hard-working peasants are now being supplanted by the criminals and outlaws of all Europe." The Ohio State University, Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum The Know Nothings had attracted scores of members of the U.S. Congress at the height of their influence in the mid-1850s, stepping into the vacuum left by the collapse of the Whigs.
In 1856, they nominated Millard Fillmore, a former president and former Whig, as their national candidate. Fillmore got 21 percent of the popular vote but only a handful of Electoral College votes, as many of the Know Nothings crossed over to vote for John Fremont, the first nominee of the fledgling Republican Party.
The 1860s brought the Civil War and a desperate need for soldiers, leading to greater acceptance of new arrivals who were willing to join the Union Army. In the years that followed, some immigrants found acceptance as veterans, others made their way west to farm the interior or work in its burgeoning cities.
The Know Nothings were not an organized force again after the Civil War, but resistance to immigration never left the national conversation. The importation of Asians to work on the Western railroads and harvests introduced another enduring chapter of American nativism. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was the first legislation to set limits on immigrants by nation of origin. Some of the jobs denied to Chinese workers were soon filled by Mexicans.
Toward the end of the 1800s, the flow of immigrants from Europe swelled again and changed in its origin. The new arrivals now hailed from Eastern and Southern Europe, as well as from countries that had been sending opportunity seekers across the Atlantic for generations.
The proportion of U.S. residents who were foreign born hit 13.5% in the census report of 1911, the highest it had ever been and a level not reached again until the present decade.
When the First World War ended, anti-immigration sentiment reached a new level of intensity as it swept much of the country, helping to fuel a resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan among other extremist groups.
An old association of immigration and urbanization was renewed when the census of 1920 showed immigrants had helped shift the center of U.S. population from rural areas to cities and big towns. Congress, dominated by members from rural, traditional parts of the country, simply refused to re-apportion its seats and redraw election districts to reflect the new numbers.
That refusal lasted through four biennial election cycles, during which time Congress also passed an emergency ceiling on annual immigration levels and then lowered that by half again in the Immigration Act of 1924. That law set quotas by country of origin and explicitly preferred Northern Europeans over all others.
The official attitude in the 1920s and 1930s included an ambivalence toward refugees from conflicts around the world. In 1939, a German ship called the St. Louis tried to make port in Florida with more than 900 passengers, most of them Jewish refugees seeking asylum from Nazi persecution in Germany.
U.S. officials in the administration of President Franklin Roosevelt refused to let them land. They tried to persuade Cuba to take them, but without success. The ship returned to Europe, where many of the passengers were later arrested. Researchers believe more than 250 perished in the Holocaust.
A generation later, Congress passed a more liberal immigration law in 1965 eliminating quotas based on nation of origin. The law sought to reunite families and level the playing field for prospective immigrants around the world and its impact went far beyond what its sponsors might have imagined.
The proportion of foreign-born in the U.S. population rose again from just 5% in 1965 to 14% over the next half century. And these new waves of arrivals would be far more diverse than all their predecessors. They came not only from different parts of Europe but from Asia, Africa and South America as well.
By the 1970s, the political focal point was the effect the law was having on the Southwest and the influx of Mexicans and other Spanish-speaking populations. Pressure for changing the law grew as latter-day nativists again saw the new arrivals as a social, cultural and political challenge.
Many of the same arguments made against previous generations of newcomers were lodged again against Hispanics, including that they would cling to their national culture and language and refuse to assimilate.
Labor groups also sought to control the competition from workers willing to take lower wages. But there were powerful business interests, particularly from the agricultural sector, determined to preserve access to migrant workers.
In 1986, the Simpson-Mazzoli Act sought to control future immigration, but also granted amnesty to millions of the undocumented who were already resident. President Ronald Reagan signed it into law. It was a compromise meant to appease all sides, but it satisfied few.
President George W. Bush, who had long enjoyed high levels of Hispanic support as a candidate in Texas, threw his support behind a comprehensive overhaul of immigration laws in the mid-2000s. He was joined by Republican rival Sen. John McCain of Arizona and by the Democratic leadership. But conservatives more generally opposed the bill as another extension of amnesty, despite all the sponsors' denials.
Since then, the Republican Party has moved far from the Reagan-Bush-McCain attitudes on immigration and embraced the nativist tradition that has also been an element in the mix of its history back to 1856.
Declaring his presidential candidacy in June of 2015, Trump issued his much-quoted summary of immigrants:
"When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. They're not sending you. They're not sending you. They're sending people that have lots of problems and they're bringing those problems with us. [sic] They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people.
"It's coming from more than Mexico. It's coming from all South and Latin America, and it's coming, probably, probably, from the Middle East. But we don't know, because we have no protection, and we have no competence and we don't know what's happening."
By repeating that these immigrants are "not you," the president defined these immigrants as "the other" in stark terms.
In the past two days, we have seen the president return to that blunt language in describing four women who were elected to Congress in November 2018, largely on the passion of their opposition to the nativism that he, and much of his party, have embraced.
The battle lines could not be clearer. And it is a battle that is nearly as old as America itself.
The term RACIST has lost all meaning. The term now means anyone who disagrees with a liberal.
Love it or leave it.
‘”When Mexico sends its people, they’re not sending their best. They’re not sending you. They’re not sending you. They’re sending people that have lots of problems and they’re bringing those problems with us. [sic] They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists. And some, I assume, are good people.
‘”It’s coming from more than Mexico. It’s coming from all South and Latin America, and it’s coming, probably, probably, from the Middle East. But we don’t know, because we have no protection, and we have no competence and we don’t know what’s happening.”’
He’s right about this.
A better title for this would have been:
America. What piece of ——. (NPR)
OMG! President uses blunt language! The Horror!
No Sale, NPR, as always!
The term RACIST has lost all meaning. The term now means anyone who disagrees with a liberal.
There is nothing wrong with being a bigot as long as
you have an open mind. There is no one more intolerant
that a liberal!
My grandparents didn’t get on the boat to come to America to get free welfare and change the place to the sh*thole they just left.
They came to be free, to make something of themselves and to become AMERICANS.
What difference does it make that that they are “women of color”? I’m sure Trump would have been equally disgusted by their remarks regardless of their hue. I’m so sick of people thinking somehow brown skin is above criticism.
Love our President. He puts our thoughts in words.
And what do the filthy Jew hating communist Congresswomen take us back to?
Screw this if we can’t defend America against their bullcrap. They intend to impoverish, imprison and kill us. And they’ll kill each other too. Leftism is evil.
and its coming, probably, probably, from the Middle East....
Border patrol agents have been finding muslim prayer books and other arabic language books along the border for 10+ years. During G W Bush’s term. No one wanted to listen.
I watched a documentary put together by a McAllen, Texas tv station on OTM’s. Specifically arabs. Lots of them have been coming over our border for a long time.
Trump is at least doing something about this. Any other President would ignore the problem.
Funny their mentioning of both the KKK and officials in FDR’s administration. So they must be talking about race baiting Democrats then, aren’t they?
Where America came from was certainly more free than
where liberals want to take it.
America for Americans.
Capitalists. Lovers of freedom and liberty.
Not communist twats.
If they’d been descendants of Swedes, he’d have said the same. It has NOTHING to do with race. America haters are FREE to leave and the quicker they do, the better.
Those idiots at NPR never graduated from the ‘playground’
This is our country, and we are going to keep it.
End of story.
He’s using much nicer language than most conversatives would use in the privacy (sans Alexa) of their own homes.
Only retarded University Communists use the made up term “nativist”.
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