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The FReeper Foxhole Remembers Grattan Massacre & Battle of Ash Hollow (1854 -1855) - Nov. 2nd, 2003
www.authorsden.com ^ | August 11, 2002 | Richard Jepperson

Posted on 11/02/2003 12:03:30 AM PST by SAMWolf



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.


...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

Where Duty, Honor and Country
are acknowledged, affirmed and commemorated.

Our Mission:

The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

In the FReeper Foxhole, Veterans or their family members should feel free to address their specific circumstances or whatever issues concern them in an atmosphere of peace, understanding, brotherhood and support.

The FReeper Foxhole hopes to share with it's readers an open forum where we can learn about and discuss military history, military news and other topics of concern or interest to our readers be they Veteran's, Current Duty or anyone interested in what we have to offer.

If the Foxhole makes someone appreciate, even a little, what others have sacrificed for us, then it has accomplished one of it's missions.

We hope the Foxhole in some small way helps us to remember and honor those who came before us.

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The War of the Mormon Cow


On August 19th one hundred and forty eight years ago an incident occurred that destroyed the fragile peace between the Indians and white emigrants and set the stage for more than a decade of "Indian Wars."

Were the "Indian Wars" triggered by conditions imposed by the Perpetual Emigrating Fund of the Mormon Church?

From: Comprehensive History of the Church, Volume 4/Chapter 95 Miscellaneous Events, 1851-7, page 51



August 19th, 1854: At Sarpy’s point, eight miles east of Laramie, while a company of saints was passing a camp of Sioux of about one thousand lodges, a lame cow belonging to the company, became frightened and ran into the Indian camp where she was left. Some of them killed and ate her, which circumstance was reported at Fort Laramie. Lieutenant Grattan, with twenty-seven soldiers and an interpreter, repaired to Sarpy’s point to arrest the Indian who killed the cow, but he refused to give himself up. The Lieutenant then ordered his men to fire upon the Indians, which they did. The Indians then charged and routed the soldiers, who were all killed but one, who was dangerously wounded… All this for the killing of an old cow!

Known by "our" historians as the Grattan Massacre, the Sioux called it The War of the Mormon Cow.

The "company of saints" noted above was a participant in the Perpetual Emigrating Company that was incorporated on September 11, 1850 "…to assist the poor in emigrating to the Great Basin." The Company charter provided that, "All persons receiving assistance from the Perpetual Emigrating Fund for the Poor, shall reimburse the same in labor or otherwise as soon as their circumstances permit." In the first year of the program money was raised ($6,000) and a Salt Lake bishop was appointed as Emigrant Agent to carry the sum east to expend on the purchase of wagons, livestock and provisions. By 1854 the Company was fully organized and the needs of emigrants well planned. When they arrived at the Missouri River camps their outfits had been purchased by the Emigrant Agent and were waiting for them. An "outfit" consisted of one wagon, two yoke of oxen, two cows, a tent and foodstuffs and cost from $250 to $500. This outfit served ten emigrants. A typical P. E. Company was made up of 60 outfits (600 emigrants). Since emigrants were held responsible for the goods assigned to them this likely elicited the "hard nosed" response over "the loss of a lame cow" for the full price was owed on the cow when embarking from the Missouri River to the Great Basin.


Fort Laramie, 1850. Engraving from Stanbury Expedition


What has been left out of "our" history is the story from the point of view of the Sioux: (The following was excerpted and edited from Crazy Horse, the Strange Man of the Oglala by Mari Sandoz (1942, MJF Books).

When we first gathered at Fort Laramie it was good. Every year since the Peace Paper we would rendezvous in the spring. There was much trading and dancing and meeting with old friends. But this year it was near summer’s end and each day the old ones looked to the east waiting for the agent of the Washington Father.

One day a Mormon, walking far behind a train on the Road was using a stick to beat an old cow with bleeding feet. The cow spooked, flipped its tail and ran into the camp of the Brules. It ran kicking its back legs up, scattering travois and parfleches and knocking down one lodge then got stuck with its horns in the skins of another. Straight Foretop, a Minneconjou, caught the cow and held it by the horns. The Mormon chased after the cow until he saw the great Indian camp. Straight Foretop waved and shouted to the Mormon to come and get his cow. But the man left the cow. We thought it was to pay for the trouble it caused. It was of little value because it was old and dry and had bleeding feet. Straight Foretop killed the cow and we ate it.

Conquering Bear and Man Afraid smoked and talked into the fire late that night. They thought there might be a little trouble so they said, "Let us go to the fort and talk with the Soldier Chief in the morning." The next morning Conquering Bear and Man Afraid prepared to go to the fort but before they could leave a Little Soldier Chief, called Grattan, came with twenty-seven soldiers and two wagon-guns.


Crazy Horse


There was a trading post nearby owned by Frenchman known as Louis Bordeaux. He was little, squat and hairy, with a Brule wife and a friend of the Sioux for more years than the fort had stood. That morning, at the fort, Bordeaux had talked with Grattan and offered the Mormon ten dollars for the cow, of his own money, to avoid trouble. But the Mormon wanted twenty-five dollars and Bordeaux said he would not pay that much for a strong cow. Bordeaux smelled trouble and would not come with Grattan. Grattan left Bordeaux and came to the camp with Wyuse, demanding the cow killer.

Wyuse was the White-to-Indian speaker. He was always drunk and lied but the Soldier Chief would use no other. Conquering Bear and Man Afraid went back and forth between Grattan and Straight Foretop, trying to get Straight Foretop to surrender. Straight Foretop would not go with the whites over the killing of an old cow. Conquering Bear then offered a good mule and sent the camp crier to get more from the tribes and the crier returned with five sticks, meaning five good horses, and placed them on the ground before Grattan even though the cow was worth nothing.

Grattan wanted to put Straight Foretop in the iron house and demanded that Conquering Bear make the Minneconjou come. Conquering Bear could not make him do that because Straight Foretop was a guest. Each time Conquering Bear said, "Wait, wait," and asked to sit and smoke and settle the trouble, Wyuse changed the words and Grattan got redder in the face, roaring and stomping his boots.


CONQUERING BEAR


Grattan turned and walked to the line of soldiers, pulled his long knife and shouted and the soldiers fired the wagon-guns at Conquering Bear, Man Afraid, Big Partisan and the brother of Conquering Bear, who stood wrapped in council blankets. The brother of Conquering Bear fell dead. Grattan again called out and the wagon guns roared and Conquering Bear fell, wounded.

Straight Foretop lifted his rifle and fired through clouds of foul smelling black smoke and Grattan fell. Spotted Tail whooped and a hundred warriors shot a flood of arrows into the soldiers at the wagon guns. With lances and war clubs they charged like a buffalo herd trampling the soldiers into the ground. More warriors than you could count came from every direction, crying war whoops, kicking their ponies, leaning forward, waving lances, clubs and axes. A few soldiers got away and they tried to stand and fight but were soon dead.

Once the trouble started the great camp dissolved like sugar in a rainstorm. There was now a great river of men, women, children, dogs, horses and travois moving north under a cloud of dust stretching over many miles. Man Afraid, other chiefs and Ice, the holy man, made a covered sling for Conquering Bear and carried him gently on their shoulders, walking fast enough to keep ahead of the people with horses and travois, all the way to the north country and there we made camp.



The next morning, at daybreak, the herald came for Man Afraid to go to the lodge of Conquering Bear. The other headmen of the Oglalas and the Brules were there. When they came in the Great Chief called to Man Afraid in a voice they could scarcely hear. Such a small voice from the chief who had filled the camp with roaring so even the dogs ran for the hills. When Man Afraid was near he told him to always remember the treaty of the Big Council. The treaty was of things that belonged to their children, goods to be sent them for giving up the wars on their enemies and for making the trail by the fort a Holy Road where no one who walked on the Road would be killed. There were annuities for fifty-five years and protection by the soldiers for all people, from every enemy, Indian or White.

"It was the white soldiers who came to our peaceful village," one growled. But Conquering Bear said there had been a mistake and he did not want the people to get angry at the whites when he was dead.

"There were wild young men among the Sioux who did not do right, too. I am killed and in my place I give my people to Man Afraid, all the Teton Lakotas I give him."

With the death of Conquering Bear, Man Afraid tried to fill his moccasins but was not respected enough to take his place. The Sioux fractured into many camps that attacked the whites at will, effectively sealing off travel to the west, unless accompanied by the U.S. Calvary, making commerce and travel to and from Salt Lake City a high risk venture. For more than a decade many battles were won and lost on both sides until the introduction of the railroad sealed their fate and the Sioux Chiefs signed the treaty of 1868.



TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: ashhollow; bluewatercreek; conqueringbear; crazyhorse; freeperfoxhole; generalharney; grattanmassacre; indianwars; redcloud; sioux; veterans
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September 3, 1855
U.S. Army avenges the Grattan Massacre


On September 3, 1885, General William Harney and 700 soldiers take revenge for the Grattan Massacre with a brutal attack on a Sioux village in Nebraska that left 100 men, women, and children dead.

The path to Harney's bloody revenge began a year before near Fort Laramie, Wyoming, when a brash young lieutenant named John Grattan and 30 of his men were killed while attempting to arrest a Teton Sioux brave accused of shooting a white man's cow. Despite the many eyewitness reports that Lieutenant Grattan had foolishly threatened the Sioux and practically forced them to attack, the incident quickly gained infamy around the nation as the "Grattan Massacre." Americans demanded swift vengeance, and the army turned to the celebrated Indian fighter, General William Harney, to lead a punitive attack against the Sioux. Harney decided an appropriate target for retribution was a village of 250 Sioux led by Chief Little Thunder encamped near Ash Hollow, Nebraska. Refusing to accept Little Thunder's offer of immediate surrender, Harney ordered a full-scale attack that completely destroyed the village and killed more than 100 Sioux.


General William Harney


After later learning more about what had really happened at the Grattan Massacre, Harney softened his attitude toward the Sioux and eventually convened a successful peace council that temporarily calmed tensions. But for the rest of his life the general was plagued with the nickname of "Squaw Killer Harney," while the unfortunate pattern of revenge and punishment his attack began would only grow more vicious on both sides of the conflict. One Sioux boy who witnessed the brutal massacre would never forget or forgive and would take his own revenge 21 years later at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. His name was Crazy Horse.
1 posted on 11/02/2003 12:03:30 AM PST by SAMWolf
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To: snippy_about_it; PhilDragoo; Johnny Gage; Victoria Delsoul; Darksheare; Valin; bentfeather; radu; ..
On Aug. 29, 1854, Brevet 2d Lieut. J. L. Grattan, 6th Infantry, and thirty men of Company G were killed by Indians near Fort Laramie. The affair is known as the “Grattan Massacre.” A party of Mormons en route to Salt Lake City having officially reported to the commanding officer of Fort Laramie that the Sioux had stolen one of their cows and refused to give it up, Lieutenant Grattan was sent with thirty men of Company G and a mountain howitzer to demand restoration of the stolen property. This was the last seen of Grattan and his men alive, and the facts of the massacre as related have been gathered from statements of the Indians. Having reached his destination Lieutenant Grattan made his demand upon the Indians, and then despite their warning trained his howitzer upon them and prepared to fire. The Indians, watching the pulling of the lanyard, avoided the shot by falling to the ground as the piece was discharged, and rushing upon the troops overpowered them and killed every man.


Map of the Battle of Blue Water Creek, drawn by Gouverneur Kemble Warren, 1855


On Sept. 3, 1855 a battalion of the regiment composed of Companies A, E, H, I and K, under the command of Major Albemarle Cady, took part in the affair with the Sioux on the Blue Water, known as the battle of Ash Hollow.

Writing to the Adjutant-General from his camp on Blue Water Creek, N. T., under date of September, 1855, General Harney says:

“At half past four o’clock, A. M., I left my camp with Companies A, E, H, I and K, 6th Infantry, under the immediate command of Major Cady of that regiment, and proceeded toward the principal village of the Brules with a view to attacking it openly, in concert with a surprise contemplated through the cavalry.


Red Cloud


”The results of the affair were eighty-six killed, five wounded, about seventy women and children captured, fifty mules and ponies taken, besides an indefinite number killed and disabled. The amount of provisions and camp equipage must have comprised nearly all the enemy possessed, for teams have been constantly engaged in bringing into camp everything of value to the troops, and much has been destroyed on the ground.

The casualties of the command amount to four killed, four severely wounded, and one missing, supposed to be killed or captured by the enemy.

With regard to the officers and troops of my command I have never seen a finer military spirit displayed generally ; and if there has been any material difference in the services they have rendered, it must be measured chiefly by the opportunity they had for distinction. ”Lieutenant Colonel Cook and Major Cady, commanders of the mounted and foot forces, respectively, carried out my instructions to them with signal alacrity, zeal, and intelligence.



”The company commanders whose position, either in the engagement or in the pursuit, brought them in closest contact with the enemy, were Captain Todd of the 6th Infantry, Captain Steele and Lieutenant Robertson of the 2d Dragoons, and Captain Heath, 10th Infantry.

”Brevet Major Woods, Captain Wharton, and Lieutenant Patterson, of the 6th Infantry, with their companies, rendered effective service as reserves and supports, taking an active share in the combat when circumstances would permit.”

Thus Grattan and his men were avenged by their comrades of the Sixth.

Additional Sources:

twotrees.www.50megs.com
usregulars.tripod.com
homepage.mac.com
mypage.iusb.edu
webhome.idirect.com/~mikeha/namericans
www.stringofbeads.com
www.wyomingtalesandtrails.com
jbtank.com
www.indians.org

2 posted on 11/02/2003 12:04:21 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: All
An expedition intended to punish the Sioux for the massacre of Grattan and his Company was organized by Harney. Harney, with a force of 600 men, consisting of the 2nd Dragoons, five companies from the 6th Infantry, one company from the 10th Infantry and a battary of the 4th Artillery came upon the camp of Chief Little Thunder at Blue Water Creek near Ash Hollow, Neb. When the Indians began to flee, Haney deceived Little Thunder with a white flag of truce, then surrounded the camp, killing men, women and children.

A young topographic engineer, G. K. Warren, reported: "The sight . . . was heart-rending--wounded women and children crying and moaning, horribly mangled by the bullets." Two dead women were found clutching their dead children.

Among those believed to be present was a ten year old Indian boy called Curly, later to be known as Crazy Horse. The use of a white flag of truce to deceive the Indians was a common practice during the Seminole Wars. The great Seminole chief Osceola was taken prisoner under a flag of truce. The impact of the battle, however, was than the Indians fearful of similar retribution remained peaceful for the next ten years.


3 posted on 11/02/2003 12:04:40 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: All

4 posted on 11/02/2003 12:05:35 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: All
Veterans Day 2003
PDN News Desk ^ comwatch

November is Here - Veterans Day is right around the corner.

It only takes a few minutes to write a letter to the kids and share a story of why you served.

If you aren't a Veteran then share your thoughts on why it is important to remember our Veterans on Veterans Day.
 

It's an opportunity for us to support our troops, our country and show appreciations for our local veterans. It's another way to counter the Anti-Iraq campaign propaganda.  Would you like to help?  Are there any VetsCoR folks on the Left Coast?  We have a school project that everyone can help with too, no matter where you live.  See the end of this post for details.


Three Northern California events have been scheduled and we need help with each:
 
Friday evening - November 7th Veterans in School (An Evening of Living History, A Veterans Day Ice Cream Social)
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003c.htm
 
Saturday - 11 a.m. November 8th: Veterans Day Parade (PDN & Friends parade entry)
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003b.htm
 
Sunday November 9, 2003 Noon to 3:00 PM Support our Troops & Veterans Rally prior to Youth Symphony Concert
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003d.htm
 
Each of the WebPages above have a link to e-mail a confirmation of your interest and desire to volunteer.  These are family events and everyone is welcome to pitch in.  We'd really appreciate hearing from you directly via each these specific links.  This way, we can keep you posted on only those projects you want to participate in.

Veterans in School - How you can help if you're not close enough to participate directly. If you are a veteran, share a story of your own with the children.  If you have family serving in the military, tell them why it's important that we all support them. Everyone can thank them for having this special event.  Keep in mind that there are elementary school kids. 

Help us by passing this message around to other Veteran's groups.  I have introduced VetsCoR and FreeperFoxhole to a number of school teachers.  These living history lessons go a long way to inspire patriotism in our youth.  Lets see if we can rally America and give these youngsters enough to read for may weeks and months ahead.  If we can, we'll help spread it to other schools as well.

  Click this link to send an email to the students.

5 posted on 11/02/2003 12:06:08 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: All
Bugles Across America
http://www.buglesacrossamerica.org/


Bugles Across America, NFP was founded in 2000 by Tom Day, when Congress passed legislation stating Veterans had a right to at least 2 uniformed military people to fold the flag and play taps on a CD player. Bugles Across America was begun to take this a step further, and in recognition of the service these Veterans provided their country, we felt that every Veteran deserved a live rendition of taps played by a live Bugler. To this end, we are actively seeking volunteers to provide this valuable service to Veterans and their families

Our Organization now has 1500 bugler volunteers located in all 50 states and growing number overseas. Since the Department of Veterans Affairs is expecting more than 1/2 million veterans to pass every year for the next 7 years, Bugles Across America is ALWAYS recruiting new volunteers.

Bugler Volunteers can be male or female. They can play a traditional bugle with no valves, or they can perform the ceremony on a Trumpet, Cornet, Flugelhorn, or a 1, 2 or 3 valved bugle. The bugler can be of any age as long as they can play the 24 notes of Taps with an ease and style that will do honor to both the Veterans, their families, and the burial detail performing the service.

Thanks quietolong

6 posted on 11/02/2003 12:06:46 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: Matthew Paul; mark502inf; Skylight; The Mayor; Prof Engineer; PsyOp; Samwise; comitatus; ...
.......FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

.......Good Sunday Morning Everyone!


If you would like added to our ping list let us know.
7 posted on 11/02/2003 4:32:27 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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Comment #8 Removed by Moderator

To: snippy_about_it
Good morning to you, Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.

And congradulations to OU on their 52-13 win over OSU in yesterday's bedlam game.

9 posted on 11/02/2003 4:50:45 AM PST by E.G.C.
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To: Matthew Paul; SAMWolf
Matthew it is a sad morning. I'll leave a bit of the news here for folks who haven't seen the front page yet.

I really wish we would hit the enemy harder to get rid of these people and their weapons. If we are going to get rid of the bastards then lets do it with all we have instead of "policing" the country. This is War and we should start treating it that way.

I guess I'm not in a very friendly mood this morning. Thank you for stopping in Matt with an offer for prayers.

***

FALLUJAH, Iraq (AP) - A U.S. Chinook helicopter carrying troops en route home for leave was struck by a missile Sunday and crashed west of Baghdad, killing 13 soldiers and wounding more than 20, the U.S. command and witnesses reported.

It was the deadliest day for American troops in the six-month-old occupation of Iraq, and came amid threats attributed to Saddam Hussein's party of a wave of violence against the U.S. occupation.

There was still no sign of the rumored ``Day of Resistance'' allegedly planned for Baghdad on Saturday. But at least one other American soldier was confirmed killed Sunday in ground attacks here and elsewhere in central Iraq.

Witnesses said they saw two missiles fired at the heavy transport copter, the biggest U.S. target yet shot from the skies by Iraq's insurgents. It had been ferrying soldiers to Baghdad International Airport for flights out of the country for rest and relaxation, or R&R.

The aircraft was hit at about 9 a.m. and crashed amid cornfields near the village of Hasi, about 40 miles southwest of Baghdad and just south of Fallujah, a center of Sunni Muslim resistance to the U.S. occupation.

Insurgents have fired on U.S. aircraft before, downing two helicopters, and American military officials have repeatedly warned that hundreds of shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles remain unaccounted for in Iraq since the collapse of Saddam's regime in April.

``The Chinook was shot down by an unknown weapon,'' a U.S. military spokesman in Baghdad said on condition of anonymity. U.S. command in Baghdad said there were 13 killed and more than 20 wounded, and that a search was under way for possible other survivors.

10 posted on 11/02/2003 5:12:32 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf

Today's classic warship, USS Kansas (BB-21)

Connecticut class battleship
displacement. 16,000 t.
length. 456'4"
beam. 76'10"
draft. 24'6"
speed. 18 k.
complement. 880
a. 4 12", 8 8", 12 3-pdrs., 2 1-pdrs., 2 .30 cal., 4 21" tt.

The USS Kansas (BB-21) was launched by New York Shipbuilding Corp., Camden, N.J., 12 August 1905; sponsored by Miss Anna Hoch, daughter of the Governor of Kansas; and commissioned in Philadelphia Navy Yard 18 April 1907, Captain Charles B. Vreeland in command.

The new battleship departed Philadelphia 17 August 1907, for shakedown training out of Provincetown, Mass., and returned home for alterations 24 September. She joined the "Great White Fleet" at Hampton Roads 9 December and passed In review before President Theodore Roosevelt while getting underway on the first leg of the fleet's historic world cruise. The American ships arrived Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, 23 December and 6 days later got underway for Rio de Janeiro. From there they sailed south along the east coast of South America and transited the perilous Straits of Magellanin open order. Turning north, the fleet visited Valparaiso, Chile, and Callao Bay, Peru, en route to Madalena Bay, Mexico, for a month of target practice.

The "Great White Fleet" reached San Diego 14 April 1908, and moved on to San Francisco 7 May. Exactly 2 months later the spotless warships sortied through the Golden Gate and headed for Honolulu. From Hawaii they set course for Auckland, New Zealand, to be greeted as heroes upon arrival 9 August. The fleet made Sydney 20 August and, after enjoying a week of the most warm and cordial hospitality, sailed to Melbourne where they were welcomed with equal graciousness and enthusiasm.

Kansas had her last glimpse of Australia 19 September on leaving Albany for ports in the Philippine Islands, Japan, and Ceylon before transiting the Suez Canal. She departed Port Said, Egypt, 4 January 1909, for a visit to Villefranche, France, and then staged with the combined "Great White Fleet" at Gibraltar and departed for home 6 February. She again passed in review before President Roosevelt as she entered Hampton Roads 22 February, ending a widely acclaimed voyage of good will subtly but effectively demonstrating American strength to the world.

At the end of this epic voyage, Kansas began an overhaul that greatly changed her appearance. She emerged with two new "cage" masts and grey paint in place of the previous "white and buff". Overhaul completed 17 June, the battleship began a period of maneuvers, tactical training, and battle practice which lasted almost until the close of the following year. With the 2d Battleship Division, she sailed 15 November 1910, for Europe visiting Cherbourg, France, and Portland, England, before returning to Hampton Roads via Cuba and Santo Domingo. She again departed Hampton Roads 8 May 1911, for Scandinavia, visiting Copenhagen, Stockholm, Cronstadt, and Keil before returning to Provincetown, Mass., 13 July. She engaged in fleet tactics south to the Virginia capes before entering the Norfolk Navy Yard 3 November for overhaul.

Early In 1912, she began several months of maneuvers out of Guantanamo Bay and then returned to Hampton Roads to serve as one of the welcoming units for the German Squadron which visited there from 28 May to 8 June and New York from 8 to 13 June.

The battleship embarked Naval Academy Midshipmen at Annapolis 21 June for a summer practice cruise which took her, among other ports of call along the Atlantic seaboard, to Baltimore during the Democratic National Convention which nominated Woodrow Wilson. After debarking her midshipmen at Annapolis 30 August, she sailed from Norfolk 15 November for a training cruise in the Gulf of Mexico. She returned to Philadelphia 21 December to enter the Navy Yard for overhaul.

Back in top shape 5 May 1913, Kansas operated on the East Coast until she stood out of Hampton Roads 25 October, bound for Genoa, Italy. From there she proceeded to Guantanamo Bay en route to the coast of Mexico to operate off Vera Cruz and Tampico watching out for American interests in that land then troubled by revolutionary unrest as rival factions struggled to attain and hold power. She returned to Norfolk 14 March 1914, and entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard for overhaul 11 April.

Kansas departed Norfolk 1 July with the body of the Venezuelan Minister to the United States, arriving La Guaira 14 July. Then she returned to the Mexican coast to patrol off Tampico and Vera Cruz supporting the A.E.F. which had landed there. She departed Vera Cruz 29 October to investigate reports of unstable conditions at Port au Prince, Haiti, where she arrived 3 November. The battleship stood out of Port au Prince 1 December and reached Philadelphia a week later. Maneuvers off the East Coast and out of Guantanamo Bay occupied her until she entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard for overhaul 30 September 1916.

Kansas was still in that yard 6 April 1917 when the United States entered World War I. She arrived in York River from Philadelphia 10 July and became a unit of the 4th Battleship Division, spending the remainder of the war as an engineering training ship in Chesapeake Bay occasionally making escort and training cruises to New York. After the Armistice, she made five voyages to Brest, France, to embark and return veterans home.

She was overhauled at the Philadelphia Navy Yard from 29 June 1919 to 17 May 1820. Three days later she arrived at Annapolis where she embarked midshipmen and sailed 5 June for a practice cruise to Pacific waters, transiting the Panama Canal to visit Honolulu, Seattle, San Francisco, and San Pedro. She departed the latter port 11 August, transited the canal, and visited Guantanamo Bay before returning to Annapolis 2 September.

Proceeding to Philadelphia, Kansas became flagship of Rear Admiral Charles F. Hughes, Commander of Battleship Division 4, Squadron 2, and future Chief of Naval Operations. She sailed for Bermuda 27 September and was inspected by the Prince of Wales at Grassey Bay, Bermuda, 2 October. Two days later she was underway for the Panama Canal and Samoa. She was at Pago Pago, Samoa, 11 November when Captain Waldo Evans became Governor of American Samoa. After visiting Hawaiian ports and transiting the Panama Canal, she cruised in the Caribbean and the Panama Canal before returning to Philadelphia 7 March 1921.

Kansas embarked midshipmen at Annapolis and sailed 4 June 1921, with three other battleships bound for Christiana, Norway, Lisbon, Gibraltar, and Guantanamo Bay. She returned 28 August to debark her midshipmen before visiting New York from 3 to 19 September. She entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard 20 September and decommissioned 16 December. Her name was struck from the Navy List 24 August 1923, and she was sold for scrap in accordance with the Washington Treaty limiting naval armament.

11 posted on 11/02/2003 5:21:15 AM PST by aomagrat (IYAOYAS)
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Comment #12 Removed by Moderator

To: SAMWolf
On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on November 02:
1470 King Edward V of England (1483); deposed, murdered? by Richard III
1734 Daniel Boone frontiersman/explorer (US Hall of Fame-1915)
1755 Marie-Antoinette Queen of France, let them eat cake
1795 James Knox Polk NC, 11th President (D) (1845-1849)
1815 George Boole mathematician (Boolean algebra)
1847 George Sorel French Socialist thinker, writer (violent revolutions)
1865 Warren Gamaliel Harding (R), 29th President (1921-23)
1885 Harlow Shapley US, astronomer (studied the galaxies)
1901 James Dunn NYC, actor (Uncle Earl-It's a Great Life)
1901 Paul Ford Baltimore MD, actor (Phil Silvers Show)
1906 Luchino Visconti Milan Italy, director (Damned, Death in Venice)
1911 Odysseus Elytis Greece, poet (Nobel 1979)
1913 Burt Lancaster NYC, actor (From Here to Eternity, Elmer Gantry)
1914 Ray Walston New Orleans LA, actor (My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees)
1917 Durward Knowles England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968-Bahamas)
1919 Warren Stevens Clark's Summit PA, actor (Richard Boone Show)
1920 Ann Rutherford Toronto Canada, actress (Return to Vienna, Leave it to the Girls)
1920 Lewis Charles NYC, actor (Feather & Father Gang)
1921 Willaim D Schaefer Maryland, (Gov-D-MD)
1929 Harold Farberman NYC, conductor/composer (Medea)
1929 Rachel Ames Portland Oregon, actress (Line Up, Audrey-Gen Hospital)
1932 Henri Namphy Cap Haitien Haiti, President of Haiti (1986- )
1934 Ken Rosewall Sydney Australia, tennis star (US 1956)
1936 Rose Bird California Supreme Court Judge
1938 Patrick Buchanan conservative political columnist
1942 Shere Hite St Joseph Missouri, sex therapist (Hite Report)
1942 Stefanie Powers Hollywood Ca, actress (Girl From UNCLE, Hart to Hart)
1944 Jeffrey A Hoffman Brooklyn NY, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, sk:46)
1946 Giuseppe Sinopoli Venice Italy, conductor (Sunnyata)
1951 Kathy Hammond US, 400m runner (Olympics-bronze-1972)
1952 Kate Linder actress (Esther-Young & Restless)
1953 Alfre Woodard Tulsa OK, actress (St Elsewhere)
1958 Bobby Dall rocker (Poison-Every Rose Has a Thorn)
1958 Willie McGee St Louis Card (1985 NL MVP)
1960 Mardi Jacquet Chateauroux CA, playmate (October, 1980)
1961 k.d. lang country singer (& the Reclines-Absolute Torch & Twang)
1963 Ines Diers German DR, 400m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980)
1963 Susie Scott San Diego Ca, playmate (May, 1983)
1966 Rosalyn Fairbank South Africa, tennis player
1967 Darla Michele Pruett Canton Georgia, Miss Georgia-America (1991)
1968 Brandi Brandt Santa Clara CA, playmate (October, 1987)
1968 Helle Michaelsen Alborg Denmark, playmate (Aug, 1988)
1968 Melissa Evridge Lexington KY, playmate (Aug, 1990)
1975 Danny Cooksey Moore OK, actor (Sam-Diff'rent Strokes)
1990 Natasha Smirnoff daughter of Yakov Smirnov



Deaths which occurred on November 02:
1887 Jenny Lind, [Swedish Nightingale], soprano, dies at 67
1950 George Bernard Shaw, Irish author (Pygmalion), dies at 94
1961 James Thurber humorist (The Male Animal), dies at 66
1980 Edith Bunker dies on "All in the Family"
1984 Margie V Barfield, US murderer, 1st woman electricuted in 22 years
1991 Irwin Allen, US director (Poseidon Adventure), dies
1992 Hal Roach, producer, dies of pneumonia at 100 He was credited with discovering the legendary comedy team of Laurel and Hardy and went on to produce the "Our Gang" and Keystone Kops comedies.



Reported: MISSING in ACTION
1966 KLINE ROBERT E.---INDIANA PA.
1967 KNAPP FREDRIC W.---HUNTINGTON NY.
1967 MORROW RICHARD DAVID---SAN FRANCISCO CA.
[08/23/78 REMAINS RETURNED]
1967 WRIGHT JAMES J.---MERCED CA.
[08/23/78 REMAINS RETURNED]
1969 CHIRICHIGNO LUIS G.
[03/27/73 RELEASED BY PRG, ALIVE IN 98]
1969 CARROLL PATRICK H.---ALLEN PARK MI.
1969 NOWICKI JAMES E.---WINTER PARK FL.
[03/27/73 RELEASED BY PRG, ALIVE IN 98]
1969 PETERSON MICHAEL TERRY---REDMOND WA.
[12/10/69 SOME LISTS SAY REMAINS RECOVERED,RETURNEE ALIVE 1998]
1969 SHEPARD VERNON C.---TALMADGE OH
[12/10/69 RELEASED]
1969 WHITFORD LAWRENCE W. JR.---CEDAR FALLS IA.

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.


On this day...
676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1570 A tidal wave in the North Sea destroys the sea walls from Holland to Jutland. More than 1,000 people are killed.
1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol, Podlia( the Ukraine)
1721 Peter the Great Becomes Emperor of Russia
1772 The first Committees of Correspondence are formed in Massachusetts under Samuel Adams
1783 Gen Washington bids farewell to his army
1824 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Jackson beats J.Q. Adams
1835 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola
1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan
1854 lestone paving of Washington St between Dupont & Kearny starts
1879 In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km
1880 James A Garfield (R) elected President
1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes the 40th state
1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
1892 Lawmen surround outlaws Ned Christie and Arch Wolf near Tahlequah, Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). It will take dynamite and a cannon to dislodge the two from their cabin.
1904 British newspaper, "The Daily Mirror," begins publishing
1915 1st US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
1917 1st US soldiers killed in combat in WW I
1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China
1920 KDKA (Pittsburgh) goes on the air as 1st commercial radio station
1920 Warren G Harding elected President
1930 Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty
1934 Babe Ruth tours Tokyo Japan
1936 1st high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London
1938 Babe Ruth applies for the job of St Louis Browns' manager
1942 Montgomery (Br) defeats Rommel (Ger) in battle of Alamein (WW II)
1944 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
1947 Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" flies for 1st (& last) time
1948 President Harry S Truman beats Republican challenger Thomas E Dewey for the U.S. Presidency, confounding pollsters and newspapers (the Chicago Daily Tribune wrongly publishes the famous “Dewey Defeats Truman” headline)
1954 Charles C Diggs Jr elected Michigan's 1st black congressman
1954 JS Thurmond 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC)
1956 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
1956 Israel captures Gaza and Sheham
1957 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto Ohio
1959 Charles Van Doren confesses, TV quiz show-"21," was fixed
1960 Penguin Books publishes "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
1962 JFK announces Cuban missile bases were being dismantled
1964 CBS purchases NY Yankees
1969 NFL record of 12 passing touchdowns, New Orleans Billy Kramer & St L Charlie Johnson pass for 6 touchdowns each
1970 Cleveland Cavaliers lose by biggest margin-54 pts (Philadelphia 141-87)
1972 Construction begins on the Kingdome, Seattle
1973 "Barbra Streisand ...and Other Musical Instruments" airs on CBS TV
1975 Ed Giacomin as a Red Wing returns to Madison Square Garden beats Rangers 6-4
1976 Former Georgia Gov Jimmy Carter (D) defeats incumbent Gerald R Ford (R) in race for Presidency
1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31
1983 Archbishop Hickey conducts papal investigation of Archbishop Hunthausen, Seattle
1983 President Reagan signs a bill establishing Martin L King day
1987 Entertainer Lola Falona is diagnosed with multiple sclerosis
1987 Harrison releases "Cloud 9" & McCartney releases "All the Best"
1988 Computer virus strikes Pentagon, SDI research lab & 6 universities
1988 Shamir Likud wins election in Israel
1988 Mexican radio station erroneously reports Mike Tyson dies in car crash
1988 Walt Weiss wins AL rookie of the year (3rd straight for Oakland A's)
1991 Jermaine Jackson releases "Word to the Badd!!" anti Michael song
1993 Christie Todd Whitman (R) elected 1st woman governor of NJ
1993 Rudolph Guliani (R) elected 107th mayor of NYC
1993 A new series of wildfires swept along the Southern California coast, destroying more than 300 homes in the exclusive community of Malibu.



Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Israel : Balfour Declaration Day (1917)
Mexico/Portugal : Dia de Muertos/Day of the Dead
North & South Dakota : Admission Day (1889)
Venezuela : Memorial Day
Virgin Islands : Liberty Day (Monday)
Liberia : Thanksgiving Day (Thursday)
World : World Community Day (1945) (pray for peace) (Friday)
Denmark : Esbjerg Cup-World's largest ice skating championship (Saturday)
US : Fig Week (Day 2)
US : Broadcast Journalists Day.
US : Double Talk Week Begins
World Temperance Sunday.
Peanut Butter Lover's Month


Religious Observances
Ang, RC : All Souls' Day-Commemoration of All Faithful Departed
Christian : Commemoration of St Marcian



Religious History
1164 Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket, 45, began a six_year self_imposed exile in France. Once a close friend of England's Henry II, Thomas had more recently become an outspoken opponent of the king's royal policies.
1600 Staunch Anglican theologian Richard Hooker died at 46. His last words were: 'God hath my daily petitions, for I am at peace with all men, and He is at peace with me... and this witness makes the thoughts of death joyful.'
1789 During the chaos of the French Revolution, the property of the Church in France was taken over by the state.
1830 A general convention of Methodist reformers opposed to the episcopal (i.e., bishop_led) form of church government met in Baltimore, MD, to establish the Protestant Methodist Church.
1917 British foreign secretary Arthur J. Balfour, 69, issued the Balfour Declaration, calling for "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people." The document's recognition of a Jewish nationalism planted the seed which in 1948 led to an establishment of the modern state of Israel.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Thought for the day :
Let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle


Stupid question of the day...
Should Vegetarians eat animal crackers?


Murphys Law of the day...
Nature always sides with the hidden flaw


Astounding fact #705,781...
If you stretch a standard Slinky out flat it measures 87 feet long.
13 posted on 11/02/2003 5:51:13 AM PST by Valin (We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All

Good morning everyone!

14 posted on 11/02/2003 6:28:36 AM PST by Soaring Feather
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To: snippy_about_it
God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son,
that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.
—John 3:16


If you're feeling alone and unworthy,
And wish for a kind, loving friend,
Remember that God longs to show you
A love that never will end. —Hess

The death of Christ is the measure of God's love for you.

15 posted on 11/02/2003 6:29:41 AM PST by The Mayor (Through prayer, finite man draws upon the power of the infinite God.)
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To: Matthew Paul; SAMWolf
Thank you so much Matt, we'll be praying too.

You are so right about dealing with our enemy and defending our Christian Western civilization. It truly is either us or them and our governments must wake up and see that or the people will have to be the ones who end up fighting them in the streets.
16 posted on 11/02/2003 6:40:30 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
Mornin' SAM. Another sad state of affairs regarding the clashes between the "whites" and Indians. Whole lotta misunderstanding was going around.

Good read, thanks.
17 posted on 11/02/2003 7:14:25 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: aomagrat
Thank you aomagrat.
18 posted on 11/02/2003 9:29:29 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
1947 Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" flies for 1st (& last) time

When I visited SAM in July we visited the Evergreen Aviation Museum and saw this bird, it's HUGE!!!

19 posted on 11/02/2003 9:34:58 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: bentfeather
Hello feather.
20 posted on 11/02/2003 9:35:53 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: The Mayor
Hello Mayor. Always good to see your coffee in the morning.
21 posted on 11/02/2003 9:36:15 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.
Hello EGC.
22 posted on 11/02/2003 9:36:52 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good Morning Snippy.

Sad news from Iraq this morning.

Time to finish this once and for all.


23 posted on 11/02/2003 9:48:35 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: Matthew Paul
Hi Matt. Thanks for your candles and prayers.
24 posted on 11/02/2003 9:49:29 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: E.G.C.
Morning E.G.C.
25 posted on 11/02/2003 9:50:36 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: aomagrat
Good morning aomagrat.

Finally! They starting to put some practical looking turrets on our BBs.
26 posted on 11/02/2003 9:53:07 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: Matthew Paul
We just must to defend our Christian Western civilization. We've got no other choice. Us or them!

That's the problem, most of the West isn't looking at it as a war betweeen West and East or Christian and Muslim. We keep getting fed this crap about the "Religion of Peace" by our politicians and presss.

27 posted on 11/02/2003 9:55:36 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: bentfeather
Good Morning Feather.
28 posted on 11/02/2003 9:56:18 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: The Mayor
Morning Mayor. Coffee goes great this chilly morning, snow level is down to 500 feet here.
29 posted on 11/02/2003 9:57:14 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: SAMWolf
Snow at 500'. cool. It's probably upper 60's here just north of Dallas.
30 posted on 11/02/2003 10:01:33 AM PST by Prof Engineer (FreeRepublic, Jim Robinson's evil plot to take over the world with information addiction)
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To: Valin; snippy_about_it
1947 Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" flies for 1st (& last) time









Unless you see it in person, it's so hard to describe how huge it really is. Here's a few shots from our visit to the Evergreen Aircraft Museum

31 posted on 11/02/2003 10:04:55 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: Prof Engineer
Morning Prof engineer. So far we've only had some Flow Snurries but it sure looks threatening.
32 posted on 11/02/2003 10:06:00 AM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it
You read my mind Sam, I just said it's time to turn up the temp over there.

My pleasure for the coffee.
Today it's raining and 55 degrees..no snow yet..
33 posted on 11/02/2003 10:41:23 AM PST by The Mayor (Through prayer, finite man draws upon the power of the infinite God.)
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To: SAMWolf
KaBoom!

My thoughts exactly.
34 posted on 11/02/2003 10:56:51 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
I remember being surprised that it could even get off the ground it is so huge.

That was a great trip. Except when I lost you for a little while. Hmmm. You lost me in the grocery and then the museum. Hey! Am I just starting to see a pattern here?

LOL. ;)
35 posted on 11/02/2003 10:58:28 AM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Present!
36 posted on 11/02/2003 11:00:21 AM PST by manna
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Comment #37 Removed by Moderator

To: SAMWolf
i am reminded of the immortal words of RED CLOUD:

"the hairy faces came among us and made us promises, more promises than there are leaves on trees. but of all the promises they made, they kept just one. they said they would steal our land away."

free dixie,sw

38 posted on 11/02/2003 11:50:12 AM PST by stand watie (Resistence to tyrants is obedience to God. -Thomas Jefferson)
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To: SAMWolf
also the words of KICKING BIRD:

"the white preachers came to our people. they said for us to get down on our knees, close our eyes & pray to their gods AND that something magical would happen then. when we opened our eyes, the buffalo herds were GONE!"

free dixie,sw

39 posted on 11/02/2003 11:58:16 AM PST by stand watie (Resistence to tyrants is obedience to God. -Thomas Jefferson)
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To: snippy_about_it
in memory of our fallen HERO-MARTYRS!

free dixie,sw

40 posted on 11/02/2003 12:04:58 PM PST by stand watie (Resistence to tyrants is obedience to God. -Thomas Jefferson)
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To: SAMWolf
Sad news from Iraq this morning.

Time to finish this once and for all.


I understand they were headed for R and R.
UNfortunately this is going to be a long war.
41 posted on 11/02/2003 12:06:32 PM PST by Valin (We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.)
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To: manna
Hello manna.
42 posted on 11/02/2003 12:07:20 PM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
So in other words it's a little bigger than a Pipper Cub?
43 posted on 11/02/2003 12:07:58 PM PST by Valin (We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I didn't lose you, you lost me I knew where I was.
44 posted on 11/02/2003 1:00:31 PM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: manna
Hi Manna!

Even Hummer's wave for Manna. :-)

45 posted on 11/02/2003 1:01:25 PM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; AntiJen; MistyCA; SpookBrat; PhilDragoo; All
Good Sunday everyone.


46 posted on 11/02/2003 1:03:30 PM PST by Victoria Delsoul (I love the smell of winning, the taste of victory, and the joy of each glorious triumph)
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To: Victoria Delsoul
Good afternoon Victoria.
47 posted on 11/02/2003 1:04:38 PM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
I didn't lose you, you lost me I knew where I was.

Very funny!! ha ha!

48 posted on 11/02/2003 1:05:35 PM PST by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Matthew Paul
Good pictures Matt. Seemms every hundred years or so we have to stop them from trying to erase our civilizatioon and replace it with theirs.

In the 1800's the U.S. was the only country that decided to quit paying bribes to the Barbary Pirates and fight them. Typically france and most of the other European nations just paid them off.
49 posted on 11/02/2003 1:07:41 PM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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To: stand watie
Good quotre by the Indian leaders.

The record of "treaties" between the United States and any of the Indian Nations is abysmal. I don't think we kept even one of them. Our treatment of the Indian Nations is a black mark on this country's history.
50 posted on 11/02/2003 1:10:13 PM PST by SAMWolf (Sorry. No quotation today!!)
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