Skip to comments.The FReeper Foxhole Profiles General Joseph Orville Shelby - June 28th, 2004
Posted on 06/28/2004 12:00:12 AM PDT by SAMWolf
In April, 1863, Confederate Maj. General John S. Marmaduke initiated one of the most memorable movements of the war which led to the Battle of Cape Girardeau. He invaded Missouri with 5,000 men and ten pieces of artillery from Arkansas. His forces were organized into four brigades striking in two columns. One column, commanded by General Jo Shelby entered the state to the west while the second, commanded by General Carter entered to the east. The two columns met at Patterson on April 20 and took the town but Federal forces, alerted by artillery fire, escaped north in the direction of Pilot Knob.
A substantial number of former Confederates went to Mexico after the Civil War. These exiles either hoped to continue the struggle or were fearful of their future in the United States. Among them were such men as governors Pendleton Murrahqv of Texas, Henry Allen and Thomas Moore of Louisiana, and Thomas Reynolds of Missouri; former governor Edward Clarkqv of Texas; and officers John B. Clark of Missouri, Danville Leadbetter of Alabama, Cadmus M. Wilcox of Tennessee, Thomas C. Hindman of Arkansas, William P. Hardemanqv of Texas, and John B. Magruder.
Those led by Gen. Joseph Orville (Jo) Shelby, former commander of the "Iron Cavalry Brigade" of Missouri, came to be called the Shelby expedition. Shelby was a wealthy planter from Lafayette County, Missouri. He was born on December 12, 1830, in Lexington, Missouri, attended Transylvania University, and in 1858 married a distant cousin, Elizabeth Nancy Shelby. A staunch Confederate sympathizer, he once indignantly refused the offer of a commission in the Union Army by his cousin Francis Preston Blair. With no military training he organized and commanded a cavalry company at Newtonia, Missouri, at his own expense, and in June 1862 joined the Confederate forces of Gen. James E. Rains at Van Buren, Arkansas. The Iron Cavalry Brigade operated chiefly in Arkansas and Missouri, participating in all the major engagements in the region. In October 1864 the brigade crossed the Arkansas River into Texas and at the surrender of Gen. Robert E. Leeqv was at Marshall. Shelby was one of the few Confederate commanders who refused to surrender to the Union forces pursuing him.
On June 1, 1865, with his army disintegrating around him, he determined to take as many of his men as would go to Mexico to continue the war. With a few hundred well-disciplined and orderly men, with all their cannons, arms, and ammunition, he marched from Corsicana through Waco, Austin, and San Antonio to Eagle Pass. Prominent persons joined them on the way. While crossing the Rio Grande at Piedras Negras, they sank their Confederate guidon in the river, in what came to be known as the "Grave of the Confederacy Incident."
In Mexico they encountered the rebel forces of Benito Juárez. After selling all their arms to the rebels except their revolvers and carbines, they were permitted to pass to the south. They arrived in Mexico City in mid-August 1865. There they offered their services to Maximilian. Although grateful, the French-installed emperor received them only as immigrant settlers subject to the liberal terms of the Decree of September 5, 1865. Many of Shelby's men accepted and joined in the establishment of the Carlota colony in Córdoba and a colony at Tuxpan. Others joined the army or went to the Pacific coast and sailed to South America or California. Shelby himself occupied the hacienda of Santa Anna and began business as a freight contractor. He moved to Tuxpan in the fall of 1866, left Mexico the next year, and returned to Missouri, where he died in 1897 at the age of 67. Because of the Mexican civil war, robbers, and attacks by dispossessed Indians, the colonies lasted only about a year. Most of the Americans returned to the United States by the end of 1867.
Born and raised in Kentucky, a Missourian by choice, JO Shelby possessed the dashing charm of J.E.B. Stuart and the fighting instincts of N.B. Forrest. With the exception only of Ulysses Grant, Shelby is the greatest natural military genius Missouri has produced - and Missouri is the State which produced John Pershing and Omar Bradley.
Shelby's exploits during the War are legendary. Conservatively, he traveled - in the saddle at the head of cavalry - more than 5,000 miles in Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky and Kansas. Measured in miles, Shelby is without doubt the most well traveled cavalry commander in U.S. History. Still, his wartime operations almost pale in comparison to his Long Ride in 1865.
Shelby died in 1897, and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, on the hillside where he made his last stand during the Battle of Westport. Jo Shelby's funeral procession is the largest, to the present day, Kansas City has ever seen.
Who They Are: Operation: Stitches Of Love was started by the Mothers of two United States Marines stationed in Iraq.
What They Are Doing: We are gathering 12.5"x12.5" quilt squares from across the country and assembling the largest quilt ever produced. When completed we will take the quilt from state to state and gather even more squares.
Why They Are Doing This: We are building this quilt to rally support for the Coalition Forces in Iraq and to show the service members that they are not forgotten. We want the world to know Nothing will ever break the stitches that bind us together as a country.
Ideas to start a local project:
Obtain enough Red, White and Blue material (cloth) for a 12.5 x 12.5 quilt square.
If you have someone in your family that sews, make it a weekend project and invite neighbors to join you.
Consider this tribute as a project for your civic group, scouts, church or townhall group.
Locate an elementary school with an after school program in your neighborhood or locate an after school program in your neighborhood not attached to a school and ask if you could volunteer one or two afternoons and create some squares with the kids.
Invite some VFW posts to share your project in honor of their post.
Send us email@example.com for digital photos of in progress and finished project for various websites, OIFII.com and the media.
PDN is making this appeal in support of Operation: Stitches Of Love
Media Contact: Deborah Johns (916) 716-2749
Volunteers & Alternate Media: PDN (916) 448-1636
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Good morning Snippy and everyone at the Foxhole.
Late for work Foxhole Bump
Good morning, everyone! Girl Scout day camp this week, and houseguests coming Tuesday ...
When I saw the title for this morning, it didn't ring any bells ... I didn't recognize "Orville" Shelby, but I'd certainly heard of General "Jo" Shelby! I'll have a read when we get back from dropping off the Princess at camp.
I love the whiskers on the Civil War gents!
On This Day In History
Birthdates which occurred on June 28:
1367 Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia
1476 Paul IV, [Giampietro Caraffa], inquisition/Pope (1555-59)
1490 Albert Margrave of Brandenburg, cardinal (attacked by Luther)
1491 Henry VIII of England (1509-47), Don't lose your head over him
1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Siegen, Flemish Baroque painter (Elevation of the Cross, Coronation of Marie de Medicis, Circumcision)
1712 Jean Jacques Rousseau France, philosopher (Confessions)
1787 Sir Henry G W Smith leader of British-Indian forces
1824 William Tatus Wofford, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
1824 Paul Broca France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)
1873 Alexis Carrel France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
1902 Richard Rodgers Hammels Station NY, composer (Rodgers & Hammerstein)
1906 Maria Goeppert Mayer US atomic physicist (Nobel 1963)
1926 Mel Brooks comedian/actor/director (Blazing Saddles, Spaceballs)
1945 David Knights bassist (Pocol Harum)
1946 Bruce Davison actor (Willard, High Risk)
1946 Gilda Radner Detroit, comedienne (SNL-Baba Wawa)
1946 John "Mike" Lounge Denver Colo, astr (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35)
1948 Kathy Bates, Memphis TN, academy award winning actress (Misery)
1955 Nikolai Simyatov USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1976)
1960 John Elway NFL QB (Denver Broncos)
1966 John Cusack actor (Stand By Me, Sure Thing, Better Off Dead)
Good morning foxhole crew. I hope you all have a peaceful day.
040622-N-6213R-051 Pacific Ocean (June 22, 2004) - Flight deck personnel use stiff bristle brooms to scrub the flight deck during a flight deck scrub-down (SCRUBEX) aboard the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) SCRUBEXs reduce fluids, grease and dirt that can make the flight deck and catwalks extremely slippery and can cause aircraft and personnel to skid or slip. Stennis and embarked Carrier Air Wing Fourteen (CVW-14) are currently at sea participating in a regularly scheduled deployment. U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate 3rd Class Mark J. Rebilas (RELEASED)
Interesting thread, SAM. A historical footnote: Several Members of the James-Younger gang, most notably Frank James and Cole Younger rode with Shelby during the war.
Where can I get some of that SCRUBEX? Does it work on kid and dog grime?
A bucket of prop-wash might work just as well.