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The FReeper Foxhole Celebrates Independence Day - July 4th, 2004
http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/jefferson.htm ^

Posted on 07/04/2004 12:04:47 AM PDT by snippy_about_it



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.



...................................................................................... ...........................................

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Writing the Declaration of Independence, 1776




EyeWitness to History


The summer of 1776 was a harrowing time for the British colonies in America. Open warfare with the mother country had erupted a year earlier and the future was filled with political and military uncertainties.

In this tense climate, the Continental Congress met in Philadelphia with the intention of voting for independence from England. In anticipation of this vote, the Congress selected a committee to draft a declaration of independence. The committee, composed of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert R. Livingston, and Roger Sherman, in turn instructed Thomas Jefferson to write the declaration.

Jefferson began his work on June 11 and toiled in seclusion writing a number of drafts. After presenting his final draft, the committee further revised the document and submitted it to the Continental Congress on June 28. On July 2, the Continental Congress voted for independence and refined its Declaration of Independence before releasing it to the public on July 4th.

History in the Making

The Declaration of Independence stands with Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address as one of the noblest of America's official documents. In 1822, John Adams wrote a letter to Timothy Pickering responding to Pickering's questions about the writing of the Declaration of Independence. Adams' letters were published in 1850:

"You inquire why so young a man as Mr. Jefferson was placed at the head of the committee for preparing a Declaration of Independence? I answer: It was the Frankfort advice, to place Virginia at the head of everything. Mr. Richard Henry Lee might be gone to Virginia, to his sick family, for aught I know, but that was not the reason of Mr. Jefferson's appointment. There were three committees appointed at the same time, one for the Declaration of Independence, another for preparing articles of confederation, and another for preparing a treaty to be proposed to France. Mr. Lee was chosen for the Committee of Confederation, and it was not thought convenient that the same person should be upon both.

Mr. Jefferson came into Congress in June, 1775, and brought with him a reputation for literature, science, and a happy talent of composition. Writings of his were handed about, remarkable for the peculiar felicity of expression. Though a silent member in Congress, he was so prompt, frank, explicit, and decisive upon committees and in conversation - not even Samuel Adams was more so - that he soon seized upon my heart; and upon this occasion I gave him my vote, and did all in my power to procure the votes of others. I think he had one more vote than any other, and that placed him at the head of the committee. I had the next highest number, and that placed me the second. The committee met, discussed the subject, and then appointed Mr. Jefferson and me to make the draft, I suppose because we were the two first on the list.



The subcommittee met. Jefferson proposed to me to make the draft. I said, 'I will not,' 'You should do it.' 'Oh! no.' 'Why will you not? You ought to do it.' 'I will not.' 'Why?' 'Reasons enough.' 'What can be your reasons?' 'Reason first, you are a Virginian, and a Virginian ought to appear at the head of this business. Reason second, I am obnoxious, suspected, and unpopular. You are very much otherwise. Reason third, you can write ten times better than I can.' 'Well,' said Jefferson, 'if you are decided, I will do as well as I can.' 'Very well. When you have drawn it up, we will have a meeting.'

A meeting we accordingly had, and conned the paper over. I was delighted with its high tone and the flights of oratory with which it abounded, especially that concerning Negro slavery, which, though I knew his Southern brethren would never suffer to pass in Congress, I certainly never would oppose. There were other expressions which I would not have inserted if I had drawn it up, particularly that which called the King tyrant. I thought this too personal, for I never believed George to be a tyrant in disposition and in nature; I always believed him to be deceived by his courtiers on both sides of the Atlantic, and in his official capacity, only, cruel. I thought the expression too passionate, and too much like scolding, for so grave and solemn a document; but as Franklin and Sherman were to inspect it afterwards, I thought it would not become me to strike it out. I consented to report it, and do not now remember that I made or suggested a single alteration.


The mural depicts (from left to right) Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and John Adams. On the wall in the background is a portrait of English philosopher John Locke, whose Second Essay on Government argued that the rights of man include the right of revolution.


We reported it to the committee of five. It was read, and I do not remember that Franklin or Sherman criticized anything. We were all in haste. Congress was impatient, and the instrument was reported, as I believe, in Jefferson's handwriting, as he first drew it. Congress cut off about a quarter of it, as I expected they would; but they obliterated some of the best of it, and left all that was exceptionable, if anything in it was. I have long wondered that the original draft had not been published. I suppose the reason is the vehement philippic against Negro slavery.

As you justly observe, there is not an idea in it but what had been hackneyed in Congress for two years before. The substance of it is contained in the declaration of rights and the violation of those rights in the Journals of Congress in 1774. Indeed, the essence of it is contained in a pamphlet, voted and printed by the town of Boston, before the first Congress met, composed by James Otis, as I suppose, in one of his lucid intervals, and pruned and polished by Samuel Adams."


References:
Adams, John (Charles Francis Adams ed.), The Works of John Adams, vol II, The Diary (1850) reprinted in Commager, H.S. and Nevins, A., The Heritage of America (1939); Maier Pauline, American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence (1997).




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Declaration of Independence
A Brief History

by Stanley L. Klos



"The Union is much older than the Constitution. It was formed, in fact, by the Articles of Association in 1774. It was matured and continued by the Declaration of Independence in 1776. It was further matured, and the faith of all the then thirteen States expressly plighted and engaged that it should be perpetual, by the Articles of Confederation in 1778. And finally, in 1787, one of the declared objects for ordaining and establishing the Constitution was 'to form a more perfect Union.' " Abraham Lincoln First Inaugural On June 7th, 1776 Richard Henry Lee brought the following resolution before the Continental Congress of the United Colonies:



``Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.'' .

On Saturday, June 8th, Lee's resolution was referred to a committee of the whole (the entire Continental Congress), and they spent most of that day as well as Monday, June 10th debating independence. The chief opposition for independence came mostly from Pennsylvania, New York and South Carolina. As Thomas Jefferson said, they "were not yet matured for falling from the parent stem." Since Congress could not agree more time was needed "to give an opportunity to the delegates from those colonies which had not yet given authority to adopt this decisive measure, to consult their constituents .. and in the meanwhile, that no time be lost, that a committee be appointed to prepare a declaration".

Accordingly on June 11th Committee of Five was chosen with Thomas Jefferson of Virginia picked unanimously as its first member. Congress also chose John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert R. Livingston, and Roger Sherman. The committee assigned Thomas Jefferson the task of producing a draft Declaration for its consideration.



Jefferson's writing of the original draft took place in seventeen days between his appointment on the committee until the report of draft to Congress on June 28th. Thomas Jefferson drew heavily on George Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights (passed on June 12, 1776), state and local calls for independence, and his own work on the Virginia Constitution.

Jefferson's original rough draft was first submitted to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams for their thoughts and changes

"because they were the two members of whose judgments and amendments I wished most to have the benefit before presenting it to the Committee". -- Thomas Jefferson

The entire committee reviewed after Franklin and Adams's changes. After much discussion 26 changes were made from Jefferson's original draft. The Committee presented it to Congress on Friday June 28th which ordered it to lie on the table.

According to historian John C. Fitzpatrick the Declaration's

"...genesis roughly speaking, is the first three sections of George Mason's immortal composition (Virginia Declaration of Rights), Thomas Jefferson's Preamble to the Virginia Constitution, and Richard Henry Lee's resolution..."



Congress was called to order on July 1st at 9am and serious debate consumed most of that hot and humid Monday. Late in the day it was apparent that the delegates from Pennsylvania and South Carolina were not ready to pass the Lee resolution for Independence. Additionally the two delegates from Delaware were split so debate was postponed until the following day. On July 2, 1776 both Robert Morris and John Dickinson deliberately abstained by not attending the session and the remaining Pennsylvania delegation voted for independence. South Carolina leader's son, Arthur Middleton, chose to ignore his absent and ailing father's Tory wishes changing the colony's position to aye. Finally the great patriot Caesar Rodney with his face riddled with cancer rode all night through the rain and a lightening storm arriving in time to break the Delaware 1 to 1 deadlock by casting the third vote for independence. Thus all 12 colonies voted on July 2nd and adopted the resolution, introduced by Richard Henry Lee and John Adams, declaring independence from Great Britain:

``Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.'' . On July 2, 1776 the United Colonies of America officially became the United States of America.

It was July 2, 1776 that John Adams thought would be celebrated by future generations of Americans writing to his wife Abigail Adams on July 3, 1776:

"The Second Day of July 1776 will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America. . . . It ought to be solemnized with Pomp and Parade, with Shews, Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires, and Illuminations from one End of this Continent to the other from this Time forward forever more."

After the resolution was passed the Continental Congress turned to the debate over the Committee of Five's Declaration of Independence. Time was short and Congress adjourned until Wednesday the 3rd. The debates of July 3rd and 4th altered the manuscript and with these changes the Declaration of Independence was approved. Thomas Jefferson was disappointed by the "depredations" made by Congress writing:

The pusillanimous idea that we had friends in England worth keeping terms with, still haunted the minds of many. For this reason those passages which conveyed censures on the people of England were struck out, lest they should give them offense. The clause too, reprobating the enslaving the inhabitants of Africa, was struck out in compliance to South Carolina and Georgia, who had never attempted to restrain the importation of slaves, and who on the contrary still wished to continue it. Our Northern brethren also I believe felt a little tender under these censures; for tho' their people have very few slaves themselves yet they had been pretty considerable carriers of them to others."

Despite this and other key edits and changes Jefferson is rightfully considered the author of the Declaration of Independence.




Declaration of Independence - July 4, 1776




It was July 1776. Fighting between the American colonists and the British forces had been going on for over a year. The Continental Congress had been meeting since June, wrestling with the question of independence. Finally, late in the afternoon on July 4th, 1776 twelve of the thirteen colonies reached agreement to formally declare the new states as a free and independent nation. New York was the lone holdout. In the evening Congress ordered:

That the declaration be authenticated and printed

That the committee appointed to prepare the declaration superintend and correct the press

That the copies of the declaration be sent to the several assemblies, conventions and committees, or councils of safety, and to the several commanding officers of the continental troops, and that it be proclaimed in each of the United States, and at the head of the army.

In accordance with the above order Philadelphia printer John Dunlap was given the task to print broadside copies of the agreed-upon declaration that was signed by John Hancock as President and Charles Thomson as Secretary of the Continental Congress.


Broadside Produced during the night of July 4, 1776, by printer John Dunlap

Click Image to Enlarge


John Dunlap is thought to have printed between 200 to 500 Broadsides that July 4th evening which were distributed to the members of Congress on July 5th. It is a known fact that John Hancock sent a copy on July 5th, 1776 to the Committee of Safety of Pennsylvania, a copy to the Convention of New Jersey, and a copy to Colonel Haslet with instructions to have it read at the head of his battalion. In addition John Admas sent one copy, and Elbridge Gerry two copies , to friends.

The Declaration as affirmatively voted on on July 4th was not signed on that day. The New York Delegates were required to abstain from voting. John Hancock sent a Dunlap broadside off to the NY Provincial Congress on Saturday July 6th. On July 9th the New York Provincial congress sitting in the Court House in White Plains adopted this resolution under the leadership of John Jay:

"That reasons assigned by the Continental Congress for declaring The United Colonies Free and Independent States, are cogent and conclusive, and that now we approve the same, and will at the risque of our lives and fortunes, join with the other colonies in supporting it."

The New York Resolution was laid before the Continental Congress on July 15th so then and not before was it proper to entitle the document "The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen States of America." Contrary to popular belief, this printed broadside with only Hancock and Thomson's names was the actual document delivered to King George III in England later that year. The names of the other delegates who voted for Independence were not published until 1777.

Today there are only 25 of these broadsides that are known to exist. The original Declaration of Independence that was signed by John Hancock and Charles Thomson after the delegates voted on July 4, 1776 is lost. One of these unsigned "Dunlap Broadsides", as it is known, sold for $8.14 million in a August 2000 New York City Auction. This copy was discovered in 1989 by a man browsing in a flea market who purchased a painting for four dollars because he was interested in the frame. Concealed in the backing of the frame was an Original Dunlap Broadside of the Declaration of Independence.

As the Delegates returned home with the Dunlap Broadsides each State decided on how to disseminate the Declaration of Independence to its citizens. Some states, like Virginia, chose newspapers while others ordered official State Broadsides to be printed.

The official printing ordered by Massachusetts was to be distributed to ministers of all denominations, to be read to their congregations. News of the declaration was proclaimed in every parish of Massachusetts via broadside. In the absence of other media, broadsides were subsequently distributed out among the colonies and tacked to the walls of churches and other meeting places to spread news of Americas independence.

The Engrossed Declaration



Click Image to Enlarge


On July 19, 1776 Congress ordered that the Declaration be

"fairly engrossed on parchment, with the title and stile [sic] of 'The unanimous declaration of the thirteen United States of America,' and that the same, when engrossed, be signed by every member of Congress."

Timothy Matlack, a Pennsylvanian who had assisted the Secretary of the Congress, Charles Thomson prepared the official document in a large, clear hand. Matlack was also the "scribe" who wrote out George Washington's commission as commanding general of the Continental Army which was also signed by President John Hancock. Finally on August 2, 1776 the journal of the Continental Congress record reports: "The declaration of independence being engrossed and compared at the table was signed." which contradicts the popular belief that the Declaration was signed on July 4, 1776, by all the delegates in attendance.

"John Hancock, the President of the Congress, was the first to sign the sheet of parchment measuring 24¼ by 29¾ inches. He used a bold signature centered below the text. In accordance with prevailing custom, the other delegates began to sign at the right below the text, their signatures arranged according to the geographic location of the states they represented. New Hampshire, the northernmost state, began the list, and Georgia, the southernmost, ended it. Eventually 56 delegates signed, although all were not present on August 2. Among the later signers were Elbridge Gerry, Oliver Wolcott, Lewis Morris, Thomas McKean, and Matthew Thornton, who found that he had no room to sign with the other New Hampshire delegates. A few delegates who voted for adoption of the Declaration on July 4 were never to sign in spite of the July 19 order of Congress that the engrossed document "be signed by every member of Congress." Non-signers included John Dickinson, who clung to the idea of reconciliation with Britain, and Robert R. Livingston, one of the Committee of Five, who thought the Declaration was premature." -- National Archives and Records Administration

With the signatures of 56 brave delegates, this new nation born in freedom with an indivisible spirit, proclaimed on a singular piece of parchment their Unanimous Declaration of Independence.



Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:

www.eyewitnesstohistory.com
www.thedeclarationofindependence.org


1 posted on 07/04/2004 12:04:48 AM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: All
..........

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776.
THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

WHEN, in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands, which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's GOD entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the Causes which impel them to the Separation.

We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed, by their CREATOR, with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that Governments long established, should not be changed for light and transient Causes; and accordingly all Experience hath shewn, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has been the patient Sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the Necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The History of the present King of Great-Britain is a History of repeated Injuries and Usurpations, all having in direct Object the Establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid World.

HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public Good.

HE has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance, unless suspended in their Operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

HE has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodations of large Districts of People, unless those People would relinquish the Right of Representation in the Legislature, a Right inestimable to them, and formidable to Tyranny only.

HE has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing them into Compliance with his Measures.

HE has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly Firmness his Invasions on the Rights of the People.

HE has refused for a long Time, after such Dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in the mean Time, exposed to all the Dangers of Invasion from without, and Convulsions within.

HE has endeavoured to prevent the Population of these States; for that Purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their Migrations hither, and raising the Conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

HE has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

HE has made Judges dependent on his Will alone; for the Tenure of their Offices, and the Amount and Payment of their Salaries.

HE has erected a Multitude of new Offices, and sent hither Swarms of Officers to harrass our People, and eat out their Substance.

HE has kept among us, in Times of Peace, Standing Armies, without the Consent of our Legislatures.

HE has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

HE has combined with others to subject us to a Jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our Laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

FOR quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us:

FOR protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

FOR cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World:

FOR imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

FOR depriving us, in many Cases, of the Benefits of Trial by Jury:

FOR transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended Offences:

FOR abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an arbitrary Government, and enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an Example and fit Instrument for introducing the same absolute Rule into these Colonies:

FOR taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

FOR suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all Cases whatsoever.

HE has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection, and waging War against us.

HE has plundered our Seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our Towns, and destroyed the Lives of our People.

HE is, at this Time, transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the Works of Death, Desolation, and Tyranny, already begun with Circumstances of Cruelty and Perfidy, scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous Ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized Nation.

HE has constrained our Fellow-Citizens, taken Captive on the high Seas, to bear Arms against their Country, to become the Executioners of their Friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

HE has excited domestic Insurrection amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the Inhabitants of our Frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known Rule of Warfare, is an undistinguished Destruction, of all Ages, Sexes, and Conditions.

IN every Stage of these Oppressions we have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble Terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated Injury. A Prince, whose Character is thus marked by every Act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the Ruler of a free People.

NOR have we been wanting in Attentions to our British Brethren. We have warned them, from Time to Time, of Attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable Jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the Circumstances of our Emigration and Settlement here. We have appealed to their native Justice and Magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the Ties of our common Kindred to disavow these Usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our Connexions and Correspondence. They too have been deaf to the Voice of Justice and of Consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the Necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the Rest of Mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

WE, therefore, the Representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, in GENERAL CONGRESS Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of our Intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES; that they are absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political Connexion between them and the State of Great-Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and that as FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which INDEPENDENT STATES may of Right do. And for the Support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of DIVINE PROVIDENCE, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honour.

John Hancock.

GEORGIA, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton.
NORTH-CAROLINA, Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn.
SOUTH-CAROLINA, Edward Rutledge, Thos Heyward, junr. Thomas Lynch, junr. Arthur Middleton.
MARYLAND, Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles Carroll, of Carrollton.
VIRGINIA, George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Ths. Jefferson, Benja. Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr. Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton.
PENNSYLVANIA, Robt. Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benja. Franklin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, James Wilson, Geo. Ross.
DELAWARE, Caesar Rodney, Geo. Read.
NEW-YORK, Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, Frank Lewis, Lewis Morris.
NEW-JERSEY, Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Fras. Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark.
NEW-HAMPSHIRE, Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew Thornton.
MASSACHUSETTS-BAY, Saml. Adams, John Adams, Robt. Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry.
RHODE-ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE, &c. Step. Hopkins, William Ellery.
CONNECTICUT, Roger Sherman, Saml. Huntington, Wm. Williams, Oliver Wolcott.
IN CONGRESS, JANUARY 18, 1777.
ORDERED, THAT an authenticated Copy of the DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCY, with the Names of the MEMBERS of CONGRESS, subscribing the same, be sent to each of the UNITED STATES, and that they be desired to have the same put on RECORD.
By Order of CONGRESS,
JOHN HANCOCK, President.

2 posted on 07/04/2004 12:05:10 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All
Their Lives and Fortunes:
Signers of the Declaration of Independence

3 posted on 07/04/2004 12:05:43 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Diva Betsy Ross; Americanwolf; CarolinaScout; Tax-chick; Don W; Poundstone; Wumpus Hunter; ...



FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!



Happy Independence Day!



If you would like to be added to our ping list, let us know.

4 posted on 07/04/2004 12:09:30 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it








to all the visitors at The Freeper Foxhole from Snippy and Sam





5 posted on 07/04/2004 12:11:00 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: snippy_about_it

And a Happy Fourth of July to everybody at the Foxhole

Regards

alfa6 ;>}


6 posted on 07/04/2004 12:11:38 AM PDT by alfa6 (Mrs. Murphy's Postulate on Murphy's Law: Murphy Was an Optimist)
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To: All

7 posted on 07/04/2004 12:11:44 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: alfa6
Morning alfa6


8 posted on 07/04/2004 12:15:19 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: alfa6

9 posted on 07/04/2004 12:18:39 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf

Re: #8 Aye laddy, thar be part of me handle...

Back to work I must go, gotta keep the soap cookin :-)

back late, much later

Regards

alfa6 ;>}


10 posted on 07/04/2004 12:29:41 AM PDT by alfa6 (Mrs. Murphy's Postulate on Murphy's Law: Murphy Was an Optimist)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it
Howdy, folks,

As you know, I am a bit of a maverick intellectually. My 1861-65 analysis is well off of the main stream, for example.

I suspect that American independence was not particularly desirable nor historically necessary. The problem really rested with the Georges, the Hanoverian kings of Britain, though you will have to take my word for this, since there are about fifty PhD thesis here, as yet unwritten! Big time not PC!

Have to add in the Whig magnates, the big landowners who started and ran what we call the Industrial Revolution. They were more at fault than George III, taken as a group and over time.

Anyway, a gentler hand on the Colonies would have forestalled the whole affair, and the real Kings of Britain and America wold have been up to the task (surely it is unneeded that I name the real King? Well, for a hint, his family name is Stuart. Stuart comes from "steward". The family are the hereditary Stewards of Scotland, and Stewards to the great King Robert the Bruce. The family traces their ancestry to King Robert's daughter, his sole surviving child. And a lot farther back.) The War of Independence took shape between 1756 (French and Indian War) and 1776, a mere twenty years.

Think how things would have turned out! Adams would have been tried at the Old Bailey, and hung. Franklin would have been a Tory.

Could have been, could have been. No World War I or II, no Bolsheviki, no nuclear weapons. Different world, for sure.

Bet you folks did not realize that I am a Monarchist, hey? Sure enough am. Would have settled for General Washington, would prefer President Bush. Am not kidding in the slightest.

11 posted on 07/04/2004 1:14:09 AM PDT by Iris7 ("Democracy" assumes every opinion is equally valid. No one believes this is true.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Lest any think by the previous that I am not an American Patriot, I went to the Viet Nam war as a volunteer, and have wanted and still want to to to Iraq. Well, yeah, that they won't take me because of my age and health is a little bit of a relief!

SAM, the story of the Siege of Vienna, of King Jan III Sobieski, and of how the Poles saved Civilization (most affirmatively an understatement) has merit, especially in this current day. Those Mongols, Turks, and Tartars were Moslem to the last man, engaged in Jihad.

I have affection for Charles the Hammer, for Roland, for Charlemagne, and especially for the swabs of Lepanto. But Vienna was important.
12 posted on 07/04/2004 1:35:44 AM PDT by Iris7 ("Democracy" assumes every opinion is equally valid. No one believes this is true.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning Snippy.


13 posted on 07/04/2004 2:45:43 AM PDT by Aeronaut (I got a pound of C4, a chainsaw and an assault rifle, let's roll!)
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To: snippy_about_it

Happy Independence Day from EGC of Southwest Oklahoma.


14 posted on 07/04/2004 3:04:54 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: All

Click on the above picture to link to the Second Annual Viking Kitties Lightning Strike / Free Republic Online Independence Day Fireworks Display.

15 posted on 07/04/2004 5:08:15 AM PDT by jriemer (We are a Republic not a Democracy)
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Comment #16 Removed by Moderator

To: RaceBannon
I want you all to hear of a human-interest story involving an 11-year-old boy and his cousin, Marine Cpl Jeffrey Burgess, who died in Iraq on March 25, 2004.

There is a young man in Plymouth, Mass., Alan Burgess, whose cousin, Marine Cpl Jeffery Burgess, died in Iraq in March. Alan admired his cousin, and called him a hero.

Alan wrote to his cousin when he could, and one thing he remembered his cousin saying was that once the Marines were done for the day patrolling, they would go back to their base and were bored and wanted some way to relax--someting like throwing a baseball back and forth, or a football. Alan sent in a couple of gifts to the troops, including his cousin's friend. Alan admired these Marines, and wanted them to feel that the people back home supported them, and he did all he could to let them know he did not forget their efforts.

Alan's cousin, Jeffrey, died as a result of combat wounds he suffered in Fallujah. Cpl. Jeffrey Burgess died a hero in the eyes of his family, and in those of this 11-year- old cousin, Alan.

Allan chose to honor the memory of his cousin by donating sporting goods and toys to the troops in Iraq, and collected 12 boxes full!

Alan did a great thing, and wanted to do something even larger. Now, in order to expand on the efforts of this young man, a friend of mine who was on his cousin's burial detail spoke with the young man, Alan Burgess, and agreed to work with him to arrange a larger sporting goods drive for the troops and the Iraqi kids that visited the Marine camp daily to talk with and occasionally play with the Marines.

Because I am still in contact with some Marines on active duty, I was brought in to find out what would be needed by the troops or desired by the local Iraqi children, and also how to arrange how to get the goods to Iraq. I have been in contact with a VERY SENIOR 1st Marine Division officer, who I once served on the same ship with 25 years ago. He has placed me in touch with people who are now working on providing an aircraft to fly over what can be collected for the troops and the Iraqi kids!

And that is no exaggeration!

However, the story is NOT about me, or the people I know, it is about Alan Burgess!

This young man's story is what I think we should all tell. He has shown more patriotism than most adults do in their lifetime, and he is only 11 years old. Because of his dream to honor his cousin's death, two old Marines got off their duff to help him succeed, and we even got a VERY SENIOR Marine to chip in and fly the sporting goods and toys to the troops and Iraqi kids!

Alan's dream is for the troops to have things to amuse themselves with on off-duty hours. This SENIOR MARINE wants us to send stuff for the Iraqi kids too, so we hope to do both! But in keeping with Alan's original goal, we need to concentrate on the sporting goods for the troops first.

On June 23, 2004, the Marine Corps League of Orleans, Massachusetts, honored this young man with a ceremony, awarding him a Certificate of Appreciation while the Marine Corps Silent Drill team performed at Orleans in Massachusetts on Cape Cod.

I have enclosed some pictures of the event, with some pictures of the young man.

What I am asking all who are interested is to arrange for a Sporting Goods Collection Drive, to be collected at a central location that you can control or can be controlled, preferablly a Marine Corps/Navy Reserve Center near you, and for you or someone to stay there during the collection, and then forward the sporting goods collected to an address to be determined later.

This is ALREADY A DEFINITE THING HERE IN CONNECTICUT, the collection day is July 17, and the Navy Marine Corps Reserve Centers in Plainville, Connecticut, and the New Haven Navy and Marine Corps Reserve Center.

The types of sporting goods were are specifically requesting are:

baseballs
gloves
footballs
basketballs
and by special request of the Marine Corps, SOCCER BALLS for the Iraqi kids! And any soccer- related equipment.

It does not have to be new equipment, all it has to be is usable equipment that you would not be ashamed to donate for someone to use.

What I am asking here is:

Are there any Freepers with a CLASS-1 or CLASS-A license with a lot of time on their hands, who can pick up a small load at maybe two or more locations that Freepers hold the sporting goods drive at, and then drive the sporting goods to a final location on the East Coast, at a later time to be determined? (Newburgh, New York; Chicopee, Mass.; Cape Cod, Mass.)?

Are there any Freepers willing to call a few trucking companies to ask if they can make a SINGLE FREE toy run across country to pick up the sporting goods and deliver them to an East Coast address, at a later time to be determined?

Are there any Freepers with a desire to hold a sporting goods drive in their town or at the local Reserve Center and can store the collected items at their home or ask if this collection can be stored at the Reserve Center?

It MAY be possible for the sporting goods to be stored at that location (Navy/Marine Corps Reserve Station) for a short period of time until they can be picked up by truck.

In order to protect names, I have to keep some things confidential, but I can say, this is being worked on from the TOP!

We would like to get this on every talk show in the planet, we would like to SWAMP the collection centers with recreational sporting goods for the troops and Iraqi kids, we need to let our Troops KNOW they are NOT forgotten, and we need to let the Iraqi kids KNOW, we are not the bad guys!

For the Connecticut, Southern Mass, Eastern New York, and Rhode Island Freepers, our drive will be July 17, at the Navy/Marine Corps Reserve Centers in Plainville, Connecticut, and New Haven, Connecticut.

Anyone interested, please Freepmail me with how you can help or any questions.

17 posted on 07/04/2004 5:29:03 AM PDT by RaceBannon (God Bless Ronald Reagan, and may America Bless God!)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Professional Engineer; PhilDragoo; Samwise; Darksheare; All

Happy Fourth of July!

18 posted on 07/04/2004 5:56:32 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~The Dragon Flies' Lair~ Poetry and Prose~)
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To: jriemer


19 posted on 07/04/2004 5:58:34 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~The Dragon Flies' Lair~ Poetry and Prose~)
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To: snippy_about_it

Thanks - HAPPY BIRTHDAY USA!


20 posted on 07/04/2004 6:18:16 AM PDT by ex-snook ("Above all Things Truth Beareth Away the Victory")
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All

July 4, 2004

A Strong Constitution

Read: 1 Peter 2:1-10

You are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people. —1 Peter 2:9

Bible In One Year: Job 28-29; Acts 13:1-25


The Declaration of Independence of the United States speaks of all people being“created equal”and that we are endowed with certain“unalienable rights.”The Constitution guarantees that the government will protect those rights for all its citizens. These two documents clearly reveal that the nation’s freedom depends largely on a strong constitution.

The Bible is a more far-reaching“bill of rights”than either of these documents. It originated with God, who backs it with His justice, His concern for all people, and His sovereignty. And it is the only charter that guarantees freedom from sin’s penalty and power.

A man went to a clergyman to get some advice about religious virtue and the freedom it brings.“What must I do to attain holiness?”he asked. The pastor replied,“Follow your heart.”Then he added,“To follow your heart you are going to need a strong constitution."“Which constitution?”asked the man.“The Bible!”said the pastor.

Peter said that Christians, as“a holy nation,”are to“ proclaim the praises of Him who called [us] out of darkness into His marvelous light”(1 Peter 2:9). There we find true freedom. When we live by our“ constitution,”we will be able to enjoy our rights and fulfill our calling. —Dennis De Haan

God’s changeless Word will change our lives,
But we must do our part;
When we live out its principles,
We’ll keep it in our heart. —Sper

The best constitution in the world is the Bible.


21 posted on 07/04/2004 6:32:23 AM PDT by The Mayor (The race of life is run by faith and won by grace.)
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To: snippy_about_it; All
HAPPY & BLESSED 4th to YOU/YOURS!

even us good 'ole rebels LOVE the 4th!

free dixie,sw

22 posted on 07/04/2004 6:34:57 AM PDT by stand watie (Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God. -T. Jefferson)
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To: snippy_about_it

On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on July 04:
1546 Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
1715 Christian Gellert Saxony, poet, novelist (Fables & Tales)
1753 Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard 1st balloon flights in England, US
1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne Mass, author (House of 7 Gables, Scarlet Letter)
1807 Giuseppe Garibaldi unified Italy
1826 - Green Clay Smith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1828 James Johnston Pettigrew, Brig General (Confederate Army)
1826 Stephen Foster Lawrenceville, Pa, composer (Oh! Susanna, Swanee River)
1847 James Anthony Bailey Detroit, circus impresario (Barnum & Bailey)
1867 Stephen Mather organized US National Park Service

1872 Calvin Coolidge, [Silent Cal], Plymouth Vt, (R) 30th pres (1923-29)

1875 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci Italy, siamese twins
1878 George M Cohan entertainer, A Yankee Doodle
1883 Rube Goldberg who made the easy outrageously difficult
1885 Louis B Mayer Minsk Russia, motion-picture executive (MGM)
1898 Johnny Lee Missouri, actor (Calhoun-Amos 'n' Andy)
1900 Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong New Orleans LA, jazz musician (Hello Dolly)
1902 George Murphy New Haven Ct, (Sen-R-Calif)/actor/dancer (MGM Parade)
1902 Meyer Lansky mobster (Started numbers)
1905 Lionel Trilling author (1969 Poses Award, Liberal Imagination)
1910 William T "Champion Jack" Dupree, US boxer/Blues pianist
1911 Mitch Miller Rochester NY, sing along with Mitch (Yellow Rose of Tx)
1916 Tokyo Rose (Iva Toguri D'Aquino" WW II propogandist
1918 Abigail Van Buren twin sister, advice columnist
1918 Ann Landers twin sister, advice columnist
1918 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV king of Tonga (1965- )
1920 Leona Helmsley (wife of Harry), real estate billionaire (Starts with B rhymes with rich)
1924 Eva Marie Saint Newark NJ, actress (On the Waterfront)
1926 Mary Stuart Miami Fla, actress (Jo-Search for Tomorrow)
1927 Gina Lollobrigida Subiaco Italy, actress (Trapeze, Falcon Crest)
1927 Neil Simon playwright (Odd Couple, Plaza Suite, Biloxi Blues)
1928 Stephen Boyd actor (Fantastic Voyage, Ben-Hur)
1929 Al Davis Brocton Mass, NFL team owner (LA Raiders)
1930 George Steinbrenner NY Yankees owner/ship builder/horse owner
1938 Bill Withers WV, rhythm & blues singer (Lean on Me)
1943 Al "Blind Owl" Wilson, rock guitarist/vocalist (Canned Heat)
1946 Michael Milken LA Calif, partner (Intl Capital Access Group)
1946 Ron Kovic disabled vietnam vet (Born on 4th of July)
1955 John Waite singer (Babies/Bad English-Forget Me Not)



Deaths which occurred on July 04:
1307 Rudolf III, Duke of Austria/King of Bohemia dies
1336 Elisabeth van Portugal, queen of Portugal/saint, dies at about 65
1623 William Byrd, English composer (Ave verum corpus), dies at 80
1627 Thomas Middleton Elizabethan dramatist, dies (birth date unknown)

1826 John Adams & Thomas Jefferson 2nd & 3rd presidents, die

1831 James Monroe 5th president, dies

1910 Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars), dies at 75
1934 Chaim Nachman Bialik zionist poet, dies
1957 Judy Tyler actress (Princess-Howdy Doody), dies at 24 in car crash
1962 Rex Bell cowboy (Cowboys & Injuns), dies at 56
1970 Harold Vanderbilt America Cup winner (1930, 34, 37), dies at 85
1992 Joe Newman, US jazz trumpetist (Count Basie), dies
1995 Eva Gabor, actress (Green Acres), dies at 74
1997 Charles Kuralt, news anchor (On The Road), dies at 62
1999 White supremacist Benjamin Nathaniel Smith shoots himself


Reported: MISSING in ACTION
1967 CRAIG PHILLIP C.---ONEIDA NY.
[REMAINS RETURNED 11/26/86]
1969 FALLON PATRICK M.---PITTSBURGH PA.
1970 BOOKOUT CHARLES F.---OKLAHOMA CITY OK.

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.


On this day...
1054 Brightest known super-nova (Crab Nebula) starts shining (23 days)
1187 Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud (the scumbag)of Chatillon
1415 Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII
1453 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
1636 City of Providence, Rhode Island form
1653 Barebones Parliment goes into session in England


1776 Declaration of Independence-US gains independence from Britain



1789 1st US tariff act
1796 1st Independence Day celebration is held
1802 US Military Academy officially opens (West Point, NY)
1817 Construction on Erie Canal begins
1819 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
1827 Slavery abolished in NY
1828 Construction begins on Band O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
1829 Cornerstone laid for 1st US mint (Chestnut & Juniper St, Phila)
1831 "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)" is 1st sung in Boston
1836 Wisconsin Territory formed
1845 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
1845 Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
1861 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
1861 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, WV
1862 Battle at Green River Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
1862 Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P Liddell
1863 Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
1863 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
1863 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg
1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
1865 1st edition of "Alice in Wonderland" is published
1866 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying « of Portland, Me
1874 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
1875 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in SF
1879 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
1879 Battle at Rorkes Drift: Britain ends attack on Zulus
1881 Brooker T Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute
1883 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
1884 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)

1884 Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris

1886 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Pt Moody, BC
1888 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Ariz
1889 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
1893 A Borrelly discovers asteroid #369 Aeria
1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
1894 Republic of Hawaii established
1898 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
1903 Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, Pres TR sends message
1910 Jack Johnson KOs James Jeffries in 15 rounds, ending come-back try
1911 Ty Cobb goes 0 for 4 & ends a 40 game hit streak
1914 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
1919 Jack Dempsey beats Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship
1919 M Wolf discovers asteroid #914 Palisana
1933 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
1939 Yankees retire 1st uniform (Lou Gehrig #4), 1st Old Timers Day

1942 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)
1944 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

1946 Philippines gains independence from US

1946 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
1950 Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own consitution)
1956 Independence National Historical Park established in Philadelphia
1956 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
1959 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
1959 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
1960 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
1960 Mickey Mantle hits career homer # 300
1966 Beatles attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos
1966 LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act
1969 140,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival featuring Led Zep & Janis Joplin
1970 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park NJ
1973 In audience with Italian cyclists, Pope Paul VI praises athletes who "offer the magnificent show of a healthy, strong, generous youth"
1975 "Fictional" wedding date of Coneheads
1975 Bundy victim (?) Nancy Baird disappears from Layton, Utah
1976 Raid on Entebbe-Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers
1978 Memphis firefighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
1982 4th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 4 lands at Edwards AFB
1982 Jimmy Connors beats John McEnroe for his last Wimbeldon championship
1984 Yuri Sedykh of USSR throws hammer a record 86.33 m
1987 Nazi Klaus Barbie, "Butcher of Lyon" convicted by a French court
1996 Hot Mail, a free internet E-mail service begins
1997 US space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Bahamas : Queen's Birthday
Cayman Islands : Constitution Day
Hannibal Missouri : Tom Sawyer Fence painting Day
Italy : Garibaldi Day (1807)
Philippines : Philippine-American Friendship Day (1946)
Rhode Island : Providence Day (1636)
Tonga : King's Birthday
US & Possessions : Independence Day (1776)
Yugoslavia : Fighter's Day
Iowa : Independence Sunday (Sunday)
Caribbean Common Market : Caribbean Day (1973)(Monday)
Lesotho : Family Day (Monday)
Zambia : Heroes Day (Monday)
Hannibal Missouri : Tom Sawyer Fence painting Day
US : National Country Music Day
US : National Toe Jam Day
National July Belongs to Blueberries Month


Religious Observances
Muslim-Libya : Mohammed's Ascension
RC : Feast of St Bertha, abbess
RC : Mem of St Elizabeth of Portugal, queen/widow, (opt)


Religious History
1765 English poet and hymnwriter William Cowper observed in a letter: 'How naturallydoes affliction make us Christians!'
1831 Baptist clergyman Samuel Francis Smith penned the American patriotic hymn,'America' ('My Country, 'tis of Thee'). Smith was unaware that the tune, ironically, wasalso that of England's national anthem: 'God Save the Queen'!
1840 Birth of American sacred composer James McGranahan. His most enduring melodiesinclude CHRIST RETURNETH, MY REDEEMER, NEUMEISTER ('Christ Receiveth Sinful Men') andSHOWERS OF BLESSING.
1870 Birth of James Moffatt, Scottish New Testament scholar. Moffatt translated theNew (1913) and Old (1924) Testaments into the colloquial English of his day. They were firstpublished together in 1935.
1970 American Presbyterian missionary Francis Schaeffer observed in a letter: 'Ifstandards are raised which are not really scriptural,... it can only lead to sorrow. If wetry to have a spirituality higher than the Bible sets forth, it will always turn out to belower.'

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Thought for the day :
"Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote."


Things To Do If You Ever Became An Evil Overlord...
DO NOT be either chivalrous nor sporting. If you have an unstoppable superweapon, USE IT as early and as often as possible instead of keeping it in reserve.


The World's Shortest Books...
Things I Love About Bill - by Hillary Clinton.


Dumb Laws...
Nebraska:
If a child burps during church, his parent may be arrested.


Top Ten Things That sound Dirty In Golf..But Aren't...
9. After 18 holes I can barely walk.


23 posted on 07/04/2004 6:52:55 AM PDT by Valin (Everyone is entitled to their own opinion. It's just that yours is stupid.)
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To: snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Samwise
Good morning ladies. Flag-o-gram.

Happy Independence Day!

24 posted on 07/04/2004 6:55:33 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (I love America!)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf

Happy Fourth to the Foxhole!


25 posted on 07/04/2004 7:30:56 AM PDT by CholeraJoe (US Armed Forces - The True Freedom Fighters)
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To: Valin
1879 Battle at Rorkes Drift: Britain ends attack on Zulus

My laddies from Glamorgan and Powys done good, mate.

"Fix bayonets and die like British soldiers, lads."

26 posted on 07/04/2004 8:01:38 AM PDT by CholeraJoe (US Armed Forces - The True Freedom Fighters)
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To: Iris7
Lest any think by the previous that I am not an American Patriot...They would not know our Iris7.

I could rant about how sad it can be to celebrate knowing we are less free than we were at the time of the revolution. We are still servants as long as we are taxed to death. A small tax was and would have been acceptable, outrageous taxes and fees are not, yet look at us. Our founding fathers are probably not amused. We are still the best country on earth but it could be a whole lot better. And I have the freedom to say that thanks to men like you.

Good morning and Happy Fourth.

27 posted on 07/04/2004 8:02:41 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Aeronaut
Good morning Aeronaut.


28 posted on 07/04/2004 8:06:02 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.

Good morning EGC. Are you cooking out today, any family visiting?


29 posted on 07/04/2004 8:06:59 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: jriemer

Viking Kitties Bump. You've collected a lot of great graphics over there.


30 posted on 07/04/2004 8:08:01 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Iris7
Morning Iris7.

Interesting. From reading about the background to the Revolution, I realize how much of a close thing it was.

Anyway, a gentler hand on the Colonies would have forestalled the whole affair

I agree with you there, it may not have forestalled it forever and it wouldn't have stopped men like Adams from trying, but there may have been no public support for independance at that time.

31 posted on 07/04/2004 8:10:50 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: RaceBannon

Hi Race, I saw this on your thread, thanks for letting those who read the Foxhole know about it. I'm not in a position to help but maybe others will be. Good luck on this venture.


32 posted on 07/04/2004 8:11:13 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Iris7
Lest any think by the previous that I am not an American Patriot, I went to the Viet Nam war as a volunteer, and have wanted and still want to to to Iraq. Well, yeah, that they won't take me because of my age and health is a little bit of a relief!

The thought never crossed my mind. :-)

33 posted on 07/04/2004 8:13:29 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: Aeronaut

Morning Aeronaut.


34 posted on 07/04/2004 8:13:49 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: E.G.C.

Morning E.G.C. Beautiful blue skies here this morning.


35 posted on 07/04/2004 8:14:37 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: bentfeather
Good morning feather.


36 posted on 07/04/2004 8:16:38 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: jriemer
Viking Kitties Bump.


37 posted on 07/04/2004 8:16:45 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: ex-snook

Your welcome. Good to see you "fall in" today.


38 posted on 07/04/2004 8:17:49 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: RaceBannon

Thanks RaceBannon.

I passed on the info to my AMVETS post. Since we do "Toys For Tots" every year, I'm sure we'll support a Sports Good Drive


39 posted on 07/04/2004 8:19:30 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: bentfeather

Morning Feather.


40 posted on 07/04/2004 8:19:46 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: ex-snook

Have a happy 4th, ex-snook.


41 posted on 07/04/2004 8:20:23 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: The Mayor
Good Morning Mayor. Happy Fourth of July.


42 posted on 07/04/2004 8:21:38 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it

Happy Fourth to the Foxhole.

Decked out in Red White and Blue, we're going to the parade downtown.

Happy Birthday America!


43 posted on 07/04/2004 8:26:47 AM PDT by Diver Dave (Stay Prayed Up)
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To: The Mayor

Good morning Mayor.


44 posted on 07/04/2004 8:27:41 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: stand watie

Morning stand watie.

Free Dixie!


45 posted on 07/04/2004 8:29:41 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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To: Professional Engineer
Thank you PE, nice flag-o-gram.


46 posted on 07/04/2004 8:29:46 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: CholeraJoe

Good morning CJ, Happy Fourth to you as well.


47 posted on 07/04/2004 8:30:23 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Diver Dave

Thanks DD. Have a great time at the parade.


48 posted on 07/04/2004 8:32:09 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf

Uh, nope. No family visiting, just me and the dog and that's about it. It's too hot to do anything. I think we're forecast to hit the upper 90's today.:-D


49 posted on 07/04/2004 8:35:33 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: Valin
1976 Raid on Entebbe-Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers

Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu* - Yoni, who fell during the successful battle to release the Entebbe hostages.

* Former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's brother

Letter to the Jerusalem Post

Sir,

The following is an excerpt from a letter written by Yonatan (Yoni) Netanyahu, hero and rescuer of 100 Jews in the Entebbe Affair in 1976, to his parents three years earlier. What he said then is still sadly relevant today.

"I see with sorrow how a part of the people still clings to hopes of reaching a peaceful settlement with the Arabs. Common sense tells them that the Arabs haven't abandoned their basic aim of destroying the state; but the self-delusion and self-deception that have always plagued the Jews are at work again.

It's our great misfortune.

They want to believe, so they believe. They want not to see, so they shut their eyes. They want not to learn from thousands of years of history, so they distort it. It would be comic if it weren't so tragic."

Sadly, this wise young man died in Entebbe in 1976.

50 posted on 07/04/2004 8:37:00 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Member: International Brotherhood of Tagline Thieves!)
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