Skip to comments.California testing limits of the American form of government
Posted on 01/24/2005 12:31:14 PM PST by SmithL
Those who created the American system of government, and encased it in the U.S. Constitution, were attempting to balance two equally insidious forces - tyranny and chaos.
They had fought a revolution to escape the former, but had experienced the latter in the years following the war under the too-weak Articles of Confederation. The Constitution, therefore, embodied what were called "checks and balances," creating a stronger central government but diffusing its authority among two legislative branches, a separately elected presidency and an independent judiciary.
The structure reflected the belief, as James Madison states it in the Federalist Papers, that "The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny."
Despite our example, other democracies that emerged during the 19th and 20th centuries, including those in Europe and in neighboring Canada, tended toward the parliamentary system, in which the party or coalition controlling the legislative branch also names the executive.
There are crucial differences between the two, the most important being the parliamentary system's concentration of power and responsibility - the antithesis of the decentralized American system. In a parliamentary government, such as Tony Blair's administration in Great Britain, the governing party has an absolute mandate to act and cannot pass the buck.
(Excerpt) Read more at sacbee.com ...
I'm pretty sure the emergency powers lapsed. As of March 28, 2002, they were still in effect, but they had to be renewed month-by-month, and Ahhnold simply let them lapse. I think.
Dave Letterman says his heart surgeon, Dr. Vinne Boom Botts, trained at the Bagavavita University School of Mejahcine! (just kidding)
Just some helpful threads and many that were "classic" IMHO.
I don't know if you've ever gone to Washington, and I hope you don't take offense, but if you look at you screen name, at first it looks like mrs mith, then mr smith, then back the other way again... just one of them optickle illusions. (grin)