Cyrus the Great
Since Oct 11, 2003

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Iranians risked death, coming out by the hundreds carrying after 9/11. Iranians were the only people in the middle east to show such a display of sympathy towards the United States, only to be savagely beaten by the regime's thugs. Middle East experts dub Iran's youth population (70% under 30) as very pro-American.,,1072-717362,00.html

From above article:
"A poll conducted by a state-owned company in Tehran in February revealed that 70 per cent of Iranians had a favourable view of the US (which is thus more popular in Iran than in Britain, let alone in France and Germany). "

Iranian students have been demonstrating consistently since 1997 for democracy, secularism, and human rights. The media has paid little attention

Iranians poured into the streets for massive pro-Democracy, pro-Secular protests recently.


I am Cyrus, the king of the world, great king, legitimate king (son of Cambyses) whose rule Bel and Nebo loved and whom they wanted as king to please their hearts.

When I entered Babylon as a friend and established the seat of government in the place of the ruler under jubilation and rejoicing, Marduk, the great lord (induced) the magnanimous inhabitants of Babylon (Din Tir) (to love me) and I daily endeavored to praise him. My numerous troops walked around in Babylon in peace, I did not allow anybody to terrorize (any of the people) of the country of Sumer and Akkad. I strove for peace in Babylon (Ka Dingir ra) and in all his (other) sacred cities. As to the inhabitants of Babylon (who) against the will of the gods (had/were I abolished) the corvee (yoke) which was against their (social standing). I brought relief to their dilapidated housing, putting an end to their main complaints. Marduk, the great lord, was well pleased with my deeds and sent friendly blessing to myself, Cyrus, the King, who reveres him, to Cambyses, my son, as well as to all my troops, and we all (praised) his great (name) joyously, standing before him in peace I returned to (these) sacred cities on the other side of the Tigris, the sanctuaries of which have been ruins for a long time, the images which (used) to live therein and established for them permanent sanctuaries. I (also) gathered all their (former) inhabitants and returned (to them) their habitations. Furthermore, I resettled upon the command of Marduk, the great lord, all the gods of Sumer and Akkad who Nabonidus has brought to Babylon (su sa na) to the anger of the lord of the gods unharmed in their chapels, the places which make them happy.

May all the gods whom I have resettled in their sacred cities ask Bel and Nebo daily for a long life (six lines destroyed) and always with good words remember my good deeds that Babylonians incessantly cherished me because I resettled them in comfortable habitations I endeavored to strengthen the fortification of Imgur-Enlil and the great fortification of the City of Babylon the side brick wall by the city's trench which the former king (had built and had not finished). This was finished around (the city), that none of the former kings, despite the labor of their yoked people, had not accomplished. I rebuilt and completed with tar and brick and installed large gates entrances were built by cedar wood covered with brass and copper pivot I strengthened all the gates I saw inscribed the name of my predecessor, King Ashurbanipal.

Cyrus the Great (590 BC-529 BC)

Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Archaemenian dynasty and the Persian Empire. Cyrus' military victories eventually put him in possession of the largest empire in the world at that time. No doubt he was a remarkably humane ruler for his time. Certainly he has achieved his greatness not by words but by hard and difficult choices, actions, and sacrifice. Without any doubt all the above selected criteria in regard to Cyrus the Great is true. Even the Greeks, who for a long time considered the Persian Empire to be the chief threat to their own independence, never ceased to regard Cyrus as a thoroughly admirable ruler. His policy towards the people of his empire was one of tolerance and understanding, as reflected in his authorization of the rebuilding of the Jerusalem Temple in 538 BC. Cyrus the Great died in battle in 530 BC. He was succeeded by his son Cambyses. Cyrus the Great achieves highest rank among all world leaders throughout the human history because of the following reasons:

· High moral and ethical values.

· Created Persian Empire based on ethics.

· Expanded the Ethical Empire to include all men who wish to join it.

· In the Bible (e.g., Ezra 1:1-4), Cyrus is famous for freeing the Jewish captives in Babylonia and allowing them to return to their homeland. His name occurs twenty two times in the Bible.

· Establishment of a constitution and Judicial system based on high moral and ethical values.

· Freedoms of religion, job, and place of residency; being advocate of freedom of choice 2500 years ago is very admirable. On the contrary Constantine the Great 800 years later did not have religious toleration (persecuted the Jews) and introduced laws that made certain occupations (e.g., butchers, bakers) hereditary.

· Were it not for Cyrus, therefore, it seems at least possible that the Jewish people would have died out as a separate group in the fifth century BC

· Created Gold and Silver coins for trading.

· Ordered all Governors to treat the people as their own children, and no one could be executed for a first time crime.

· Slavery was not allowed. The Old Persian culture did not accept the concept of slavery. This is a good indication of a great ethical culture; we can admire this especially when we see some 250 years later Aristotle's ideas of slavery as natural law. This idea of Aristotle was used in the Roman Empire and after that in the British Empire as natural law.

· Despite the fact that Cyrus the Great was a genius he would consult with other leaders from different ethnic background to come up with a better solution for their problems.

· Cyrus was clearly a leader of immense military ability, and an outstanding statesman.

· Cyrus the Great had a Major influence on the thinking of Aristotle and Alexander the Great, and the Roman Empire form of government.

· He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs.

· He was moderate and respectful toward his defeated opponents, and if they were popular leaders among their people let them continue with their positions.

Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Persian Empire, the first ethical empire throughout human history. He overthrew three great empires (Medes, Lydians, and Babylonians), and united most of the ancient Middle East into a single state stretching from India to the Mediterranean Sea. Cyrus (Kurush in the original Persian) was born about 590 BC, in the province of Persis (now Fars), in southwest Iran. Cyrus was the grandson of Astyages, king of the Medes. Before Cyrus's birth, Astyages had a dream that his grandson would someday overthrow him. The king ordered that the infant be killed promptly after his birth. However, the official entrusted with the job of killing the infant had no heart for such a bloody deed, and instead handed him over to a shepherd and his wife with instructions that they put the child to death. But they, too, were unwilling to kill the boy, and instead reared him as their own. Ultimately, when the child grew up, he indeed caused the king's downfall.

Cyrus was clearly a leader of immense military ability. But that was only one facet of the man. More distinctive, perhaps, was the benign character of his rule. He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs, and he was disinclined to the extreme brutality and cruelty, which characterized so many other conquerors. The Babylonians, for instance, and even more notably the Assyrians, had massacred many thousands and had exiled whole peoples whose rebellion they feared. For example, when the Babylonians had conquered Judea in 586 BC, they had deported much of the population to Babylon. But fifty years later, after Cyrus had conquered Babylonia, he gave the Jews permission to return to their homeland. Were it not for Cyrus, therefore, it seems at least possible that the Jewish people would have died out as a separate group in the fifth century BC On the contrary, Constantine the Great emperor of Rome (c. 280-337) did not have religious toleration and can be said to mark the beginning of the official persecution of the Jews that was to persist in Europe for so many centuries.

To understand the greatness of Cyrus relative to his time (2500 years ago) we should compare him with Alexander The Great whom he came to power 250 years after Cyrus. Alexander had been brought up to believe that Greek culture represented the only true civilization, and that all of the non-Greek peoples were barbarians. Such, of course, was the prevailing view throughout the Greek world, and even Aristotle had shared it. When Alexander conquered the Persian capital Persepolis; he destroyed Persepolis (the ruin exists today). You can see the difference of these two leaders -- one conquers and allows freedom, the other conquers and destroys.

Another important point is that while Aristotle (250 years after Cyrus the Great) who was perhaps the greatest philosopher and scientist of the ancient world, he supported slavery. Aristotle originated the study of formal logic, enriched almost every branch of philosophy, and made numerous contributions to science, he supported slavery as being in accord with natural law, and he believed in the natural inferiority of women. Despite these last two extremely reactionary ideas, some of Aristotle's views were progressive e.g., "Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime," "All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind are convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth." the belief that it is worthwhile for human beings to conduct a systematic inquiry into every aspect of the natural world; and the conviction that we should utilize both empirical observations and logical reasoning in forming our conclusions.

Despite Aristotle's ideas of slavery as natural law, Cyrus the Great did not believe in slavery never took any slaves and hated brutality and injustice. This is another indication of an old rich Persian culture, which was based on ethics. Even today many forms of slavery exist in this globe, which is a disgrace to all humanity. For example in Time Magazine, June 21, 93 page 46 we read the following:

" A 1991 conference of Southeast Asian women's organizations estimated that 30 million women had been sold worldwide since the mid-1970s. Such figures are at best guesses and at worst only the tip of the iceberg."

Even if we compare Cyrus the Great with political leaders of our time he still achieves highest rank. One of the key attributes of Cyrus the Great was his fight against cruel rulers while not becoming a blind expansionist.

We would admire Cyrus the Great more when we see domination of Machiaavelli philosophy in our time around this globe. The Italian political philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is notorious for his blunt advice that a ruler interested in maintaining and increasing his power should make use of deceitfulness, cunning, and lies, combined with a ruthless use of force. Machiavelli principal fame rests upon his book "The Prince"(a handbook for dictators). The Prince may be considered a primer of practical advice for a head of state. The basic point of view of the book is that in order to succeed; a prince should ignore moral considerations entirely and depend upon strength and cunning. Machiavelli discussed history and politics in purely human terms, and simply ignored moral consideration. Unfortunately Machiavelli is considered to be one of the principal founders of modern political thought. In chapter 17 of The Prince, Machiavelli discusses whether it is better for a prince to be loved or feared: "The reply is that one ought to be both feared and loved, is much safer to be feared than loved, if one of the two has to be wanting ...for love is held by a chain of obligation which, men being selfish, is broken whenever it serves their purposes, but fear is maintained by a dread of punishment which never fails." Often, the most denunciation came from those who practiced what Machiavelli preached- a hypocrisy of which Machiavelli might approve, in principle! Therefore we should not judge politicians by their words but by their hard and difficult choices, actions, and great sacrifices. 

Because of all the above reasons and high moral and ethical values Cyrus the Great scored the highest rank among all the greatest world's leaders both in ancient and modern times. Therefore Cyrus the Great may be said to be among the greatest political leaders of all time throughout human history.


The study of Cyrus the Great and establishment of his ethical Persian empire some 2500 years ago is a good indication that in our time the concept of world order based on ethics, ethical state, peace and harmony among nations are not an impossible goal and illusion. In this century the most fundamental and essential ingredients of an evolution towards these goals are democracy, freedom of expression, freedom of choice, freedom of religion, cultural toleration, human rights, political feedback mechanism, open trade policy, and open communications among people in this globe. The ethics of life are the pursuit of awareness for ourselves and others. The ultimate goal is total awareness. Ethical Government is a means of achieving that goal by raising man to a higher state of total awareness. Ethical leaders can lead men toward Ethical Government and Society, which can lead man to total awareness. To increase man's power is always ethical. However, only men who use power to expand awareness are ethical. Men who use power to diminish awareness are unethical.

Masoud Marvasti  1993


Secular Iran (Pre-1979)/ Islamic Iran (Post-1979)

Having an Empire

Having Islam

Government of the Empire

Government of Allah

First Lady of the Empire!

First Lady of the Islamic Republic!

Welcome Iran!

#*%@ Iran!

Iraj going to school

Ahmad going to school

Having fun

Having a punishment





January 16, 1979, His Imperial Majesty Mohamad Reza Shah Pahlavi Leaves

February 1, 1979, Tehran's Mehrabad airport: Khomeini returns from exile

Land of Kings

Land of Mullahs

Imperial Iran

Arabized Iran

Grace of God

Wrath of God

His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi

Ruhollah Khomeini

Working with worthy Dignitaries

Working with infamous Terrorists

1000 Rials = $ 14.30

1000 Rials = $0.10

Soldiers of the Imperial Iranian Forces Soldiers of the Islamic Republic
Soldier of the Empire Soldier of Islam

Imperial Guard

Islamic Guards

Majesty and Splendor

Misery and Gloom

Social Justice

Islamic Justice

Outing before the Revolution Outing after the Revolution
Secular Education Islamic Education

Palestinians played a very crucial role in the Revolution that led to the fall of the Monarchy and which brought Ayatollah Khomeini to power in Iran. As far back as in beginning in 1969, Iranian revolutionaries were being trained in Palestinian camps throughout the Middle East. While the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine trained and armed the Islamic-Marxist terrorist group, Fadaiyaneh Khalgh, Arafat’s Fatah organization was training and supplying the Mujahedineh Khalgh and the future members of the Revolutionary Guards of Iran, including the Minister of the Guards later appointed by Khomeini. What is more, during the final days of the Islamic Revolution, the Palestinians were actually participating in the demonstrations against the Shah and went as far as killing Iranians in the streets of Tehran. Just days after Khomeini came to power in Iran, Arafat himself was boasting of how the “PLO trained within its camps 10,000 Iranians" and how they provided Khomeini and his followers with over 10,000 Kalashnikovs as well as Palestinian volunteers. It was these same Palestinian volunteers who continued to support the Mullahs by taking charge of the security in the ministries and the other public buildings of Iran, and it was those same terrorists, trained by the PLO, who were responsible for killing Iran’s finest. Soon after the night when the brave generals of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces were shot by the terrorists and rolled in their blood on the roof of Alavi school, that same infamous leader of the terrorists, Yasser Arafat, and the enemy of the people of Iran, Khomeini, were congratulating and hugging each other with smiling faces.

And what did the Palestinians get in return for their crimes against the people of Iran? Amongst other things, they got a Palestinian embassy in Tehran and a branch office for the PLO in Khozestan; the unconditional support of the Islamic Republic for all terrorist elements within the PLO; the creation of several new radical organizations, such as Hezbollah, to support the same; and, finally, they got the military support of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards and the regular monthly financial backing of the Islamic Republic with millions of dollars of money stolen from the people of Iran.

Having got all the above as a result of the Mullah generosity with Iran’s wealth and resources, how did the Palestinians proceed to pay back the people of Iran? They repaid Iran by joining forces with Saddam Hossain and killing more Iranians in Iraq’s war against the people of Iran. Now, having gone through this war, where the Palestinians helped the Iraqis kill hundreds of thousands of Iranian soldiers, how did the Islamic Republic repay the Palestinians for their treachery? By continuing to support them with millions of dollars of money that should rightfully go to the poverty stricken people of Iran; by giving them a platform to promote their cause and their terrorist activities, whilst silencing all opposition to the clerical rule in Iran; by sending them millions of dollars worth of “humanitarian” aid and bringing their injured “fighters” to Iran for free medical treatment and rest, while leaving Iran’s sick and poor to find their medicinal needs on the streets of Tehran and to buy them at overly inflated Black Market prices.

Famous Iranian-Americans

CNN's Rudi Bakhtiar
Catherine Bell
Dina Mohajer, Singer
Jasmin Tabatabei Sanaz, Model
Abbas Khatami, Championship BodyBuilder
Andre Agassi, World Champion Tennis Star

Christiane Amanpour, CNN Foreign Correspondent Dineh Mohajer, Founder of Hard Candy Rob Sobhani - Republican Senate Candidate (Maryland) Vartan Gregorian, Former President of Brown University Mohammad Khakpour - Player, New York / New Jersey Metrostars Maziar Mafi - Democrat Congressional Candidate (California) Afshin Mohebbi, President and COO, Qwest Corporation Pierre Omidyar, Founder of E Bay (and Tufts graduate) Bijan Pakzad, Owner, Bijan Apparel and Fragrances Shahriar Pourdanesh, Player, Washington Redskins