Keyword: ancientautopsies

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  • Ancient Egyptian mummy genomes suggest an increase of Sub-Saharan African ancestry in post-Roman...

    03/10/2019 4:37:02 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 42 replies
    Nature ^ | 30 May 2017 | Verena J. Schuenemann, Alexander Peltzer, et al
    Until now the study of Egypt’s population history has been largely based on literary and archaeological sources and inferences drawn from genetic diversity in present-day Egyptians. Both approaches have made crucial contributions to the debate but are not without limitations. On the one hand, the interpretation of literary and archaeological sources is often complicated by selective representation and preservation and the fact that markers of foreign identity, such as, for example, Greek or Latin names and ethnics, quickly became ‘status symbols’ and were adopted by natives and foreigners alike. On the other hand, results obtained by modern genetic studies are...
  • Massacre of Children in Peru Might Have Been a Sacrifice to Stop Bad Weather

    03/06/2019 6:11:17 PM PST · by rdl6989 · 53 replies
    New York Times ^ | March 6, 2019 | Nicholas St. Fleur
    Last year archaeologists in Peru announced the discovery of a centuries-old ritual massacre, at a site they believed was the largest known case of child sacrifice ever found. Buried beneath the sands of a 15th-century site called Huanchaquito-Las Llamas were nearly 140 child skeletons, as well as the remains of 200 llamas. While the reasoning behind the gruesome mass murder of the boys and girls — who were only between the ages of 5 and 14 — cannot be definitively determined, the researchers now say the act was done out of desperation in response to a disastrous climatic event: El...
  • 10 Strange Archaeological Finds Straight Out Of A Horror Story

    03/05/2019 5:42:25 PM PST · by robowombat · 29 replies
    Listverse ^ | MAY 7, 2017 | MARK OLIVER
    10 Strange Archaeological Finds Straight Out Of A Horror Story Scattered under the ground beneath our feet are the remains of history. There are little pieces of the lives of people who lived before us that give us little glimpses into who they were—the things they held dear, the homes they lived in, and the bones of their decaying bodies. But life thousands of years ago wasn’t always gentle and easy. Sometimes, when these remains are uncovered, the stories they reveal are brutal and violent—and sometimes, they’re pulled straight out of a horror story. 10 A Pit Of Amputated Arms10b-amputated-arm-bones-from-pit...
  • This Medieval Man Used a Knife as a Prosthetic Limb

    03/04/2019 3:18:20 PM PST · by robowombat · 15 replies
    SMITHSONIAN.COM ^ | APRIL 20, 2018 | Brigit Katz
    This Medieval Man Used a Knife as a Prosthetic Limb The man’s skeleton bears signs of frequent ‘biomechanical force,’ according to a new study image: knife prosthetic The man's limb appears to have been removed by blunt force trauma and a knife was later secured in its stead. (Micarelli et al. 2018) By Brigit Katz APRIL 20, 2018 In 1985, archaeologists discovered a medieval necropolis in northern Italy, which, over the years, yielded the remains of 222 individuals. Amid these remains, the skeleton of one adult male stood out because his hand appeared to have been amputated at the...
  • A black woman who lived in Britannia in Roman times "a lady of ivory bracelet"

    03/04/2019 3:36:25 PM PST · by robowombat · 28 replies
    Gigazine ^ | 14:30 Mar 02, 2010
    Mar 02, 2010 14:30:03 A black woman who lived in Britannia in Roman times "a lady of ivory bracelet" (This article was originally posted in Japanese on 14:30 Mar 02, 2010) Roman EmpireSpeaking of ancient Roman civilizationLatinAnd CaesarGaara's war historyRecord remains inGaulians·GermanicAlthough it tends to embrace the image of a society centered on white people, such as white, the vast empire with the whole region of the Mediterranean coast as a version,Aeeguptus(Now Egypt) toMauretania(Now Morocco) to include the northern African region, there are also many African populations, and it seems that there were many people who moved out of Africa...
  • Soldiers find skeleton of Saxon warrior on Salisbury Plain

    03/01/2019 11:54:41 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 17 replies
    Guardian UK ^ | Wednesday, July 25, 2018 | Maev Kennedy
    Barrow Clump has a remarkably long history of human activity. The Bronze Age burial mound built on an even older Neolithic settlement, was reused as an Anglo-Saxon cemetery. It had already been damaged by ploughing, but permission to excavate a listed site was granted because of damage by more recent trouble makers -- badgers which were burrowing out the entire site, and kicking out human bones as they dug. This year's excavation was just beside the burial mound -- "the badgers are happily back in residence in the barrow now" Osgood said -- carried out in scorching heat and clay...
  • Researchers Seek DNA Link to Lost Colony

    06/11/2007 2:04:04 PM PDT · by varina davis · 65 replies · 2,203+ views
    WRAL & AP ^ | June 11, 2007
    <p>ROANOKE ISLAND, N.C. - Researchers believe they may be able to use DNA to uncover the fate of the Lost Colony, which vanished shortly after more than 100 people settled on Roanoke Island in 1587.</p> <p>Using genealogy, deeds and historical narratives, researchers have compiled 168 surnames that could be connected to settlers in what is considered the first attempt by the English to colonize the New World. The team will try to trace the roots of individuals related to the colonists, to the area's 16th century American Indians or to both.</p>
  • Neanderthals walked upright just like the humans of today

    02/25/2019 6:22:19 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 21 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Monday, February 25, 2019 | University of Zurich
    Neanderthals are often depicted as having straight spines and poor posture. However, these prehistoric humans were more similar to us than many assume. University of Zurich researchers have shown that Neanderthals walked upright just like modern humans - thanks to a virtual reconstruction of the pelvis and spine of a very well-preserved Neanderthal skeleton found in France... Since the 1950s, scientists have known that the image of the Neanderthal as a hunched over caveman is not an accurate one. Their similarities to ourselves - both in evolutionary and behavioral terms - have also long been known, but in recent years...
  • DNA from a newly unearthed Alaska graveyard offers fresh knowledge about ancient Arctic populations

    02/23/2019 12:47:09 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Arctic Today ^ | January 21, 2019 | Dermot Cole
    An ancient site on the shores of the Beaufort Sea... known as Nuvuk, which means tip or point, was an ideal spot for hunting and whaling and researchers believe it was occupied continuously for a millennium until the end of the 19th Century... About 20 years ago the deteriorating bluffs north of Utqiagvik began exposing a forgotten Nuvuk graveyard that had been used for hundreds of years, triggering a process to relocate dozens of graves to a protected site inland... So far, 85 graves have been unearthed from the site, making it the largest Thule cemetery ever excavated in North...
  • In a first, ancient couple found in Harappan grave

    02/16/2019 12:42:58 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies
    Pune News - Times of India ^ | Updated: January 9, 2019 | Neha Madaan
    Archaeologists from the Deccan College Deemed University in Pune have discovered two skeletons, a young male and a female, buried at the same time in the same grave with the man's face turned toward the woman. It is the first anthropologically confirmed joint burial of a couple in a Harappan cemetery. The 'couple's grave' was found in the Harappan settlements excavated at Rakhigarhi in Harayana, some 150km northwest of Delhi. Archaeologists said evidence points at the couple being buried simultaneously or about the same time. They could not find clear evidence if one was buried after the other. Although many...
  • USO Canteen FReeper Style ~ Roman Gladiators ~ October 21, 2003

    10/21/2003 2:40:01 AM PDT · by LaDivaLoca · 371 replies · 2,011+ views
    Roman Gladiatorial Games ^ | October 21, 2003 | LaDivaLoca
        For the freedom you enjoyed yesterday... Thank the Veterans who served in The United States Armed Forces.     Looking forward to tomorrow's freedom? Support The United States Armed Forces Today!       ROMAN GLADIATORS The first gladiatorial contest at Rome took place in 264 BC as part of aristocratic funerary ritual, a munus or funeral gift for the dead. Decimus Junius Brutus put on a gladiatorial combat in honor of his deceased father with three pairs of slaves serving as gladiators in the Forum Boarium (a commercial area that was named after the Roman cattle...
  • What Did Gladiators Eat?

    01/22/2019 11:03:08 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 63 replies
    BAR ^ | Monday, January 21, 2019 | Robin Ngo
    "For abdominal cramp or bruises," states Marcus Varro, and I quote his very words, "your hearth should be your medicine chest. Drink lye made from its ashes, and you will be cured. One can see how gladiators after a combat are helped by drinking this." -- Pliny, Natural History XXXVI.203 The Roman gladiator calls to mind a fierce fighter who, armed with an assortment of weapons, battled other gladiators -- and even wild animals. What did gladiators eat? Roman author Pliny the Elder reported that gladiators went by the nickname "hordearii" ("barley-eaters") and drank a tonic of ashes after combat...
  • A Mysterious Cluster of Neatly Decapitated Skeletons Have Been Unearthed in England

    01/19/2019 3:07:07 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 66 replies
    Science Alert ^ | January 8, 2019 | Michelle Starr
    An archaeological dig in Suffolk, England has yielded up a Roman-era cemetery treasure: 52 beautifully preserved skeletons dating back to the 4th century. And of those skeletons, many had been decapitated, their disembodied heads placed neatly at their sides or feet for burial, or buried without bodies altogether. Only 17 skeletons had been buried normally... It's known that Great Whelnetham was a Roman settlement, starting around the mid- to late- first century CE, and occupied for nearly 2,000 years; but, because the ground is fine sand, it was expected that any skeletons would have long disintegrated. So when the team...
  • 800 Years Of Human Sacrifice In Kent

    06/11/2013 7:40:09 PM PDT · by Renfield · 32 replies
    Aardvarchaeology ^ | 6-10-2013 | Martin R
    British Archaeology #131 (July/August) has a feature by Pippa Bradley that caught my interest. It’s about a Wessex Archaeology dig in 2004-05 at Cliffs End farm in Thanet, a piece of north-east Kent that was an island up until the 16th century when silting finished connecting it to mainland England. What we’re dealing with here is ritual murder, some pretty strange disposal of the dead and ancient Scandinavian migrants. Use of the site begins in earnest with six ring-ditch barrows during the Early Bronze Age (2200-1500 cal BC). These were poorly preserved and yielded few interesting finds. People then leave...
  • Blue tooth reveals unknown female artist from medieval times

    01/09/2019 11:28:27 AM PST · by rdl6989 · 27 replies
    BBC ^ | Jan 9, 2019 | Matt McGrath
    he weird habit of licking the end of a paintbrush has revealed new evidence about the life of an artist more than 900 years after her death. Scientists found tiny blue paint flecks had accumulated on the teeth of a medieval German nun. The particles of the rare lapis lazuli pigment likely collected as she touched the end of her brush with her tongue. The researchers say it shows women were more involved in the illumination of sacred texts than previously thought.
  • Flecks of Blue on Old Teeth Reveal a Medieval Surprise

    01/15/2019 4:54:41 PM PST · by SJackson · 35 replies
    Newser ^ | 1*10*19 | John Johnson
    Discovery suggests women worked as top artists in Middle Ages more often than thought They couldn't figure out the blue. Scientists studying tartar from the teeth of medieval skeletons hoped to learn a thing or two of about diets of the Middle Ages. But when they put the teeth and jaw of one woman under a microscope, they were surprised to see hundreds of tiny flecks of blue, reports the BBC. After much sleuthing, they figured out that the blue came from lapis lazuli, a rare and expensive stone ground into powder to make dye for sacred manuscripts. Typically, male...
  • ‘Alien fossil’ mystery: Age, origin & bizarre mutations of baffling 5-inch skeleton revealed

    12/31/2018 4:00:55 AM PST · by McGruff · 45 replies
    RT ( A Russian site) ^ | 23 Mar, 2018
    Back in 2003 conspiracy theorists were in a tizzy following the discovery of an alien-like skeleton in a remote Chilean town. Theories spread about the origin of the tiny mummified body but now the mystery has been solved. ‘Ata,’ as it was named, was discovered tucked inside a pouch behind a church in a ghost town in Chile’s Atacama desert. Unlike anything ever found before, it had an elongated skull, strange sunken eyes and ten pairs of ribs, humans typically have 12 pairs. Perhaps the most bizarre feature of Ata was its size. Despite appearing fully formed, it’s roughly 6...
  • Bronze Age regicide? German forensics team say prince of Helmsdorf was murdered

    12/26/2018 12:40:05 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    Deutsch Welle ^ | December 18, 2018 | Jon Shelton with dpa
    Scientists have reexamined the skeleton of the prince, who died 3,846 years ago. They say injuries found on his bones point to the "oldest political assassination in history," probably by an "experienced warrior." ...The forensic examination took place at the urging of Kai Michel, who co-authored a new book on the Nebra Sky Disc with Saxony-Anhalt State Archaeologist Harald Meller. The two suggest that the Bronze Age Unetice culture, which produced the disc depicting the cosmos, was the first high culture to evolve north of the Alps... Ramsthaler says the intensity of the injury indicates that the prince would have...
  • 500-Year-Old Body of Man Wearing Thigh-High Boots Found in London Sewer Construction

    12/10/2018 5:22:36 AM PST · by vannrox · 48 replies
    livescience ^ | 5DEC18 | By Megan Gannon
    During the construction of London's massive "super sewer," archaeologists discovered something unusual in the mud: a 500-year-old skeleton of a man still wearing his thigh-high leather boots. The Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA) announced this week that the skeleton was unearthed on the shores of the Thames, near a bend in the river downstream from the Tower of London. "By studying the boots, we've been able to gain a fascinating glimpse into the daily life of a man who lived as many as 500 years ago," said Beth Richardson, a finds specialist who analyzes artifacts at MOLA Headland, a consortium...
  • Genetic Study Uncovers New Path to Polynesia

    02/05/2011 4:22:23 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies · 1+ views
    ScienceDaily ^ | Thursday, February 3, 2011 | University of Leeds
    The islands of Polynesia were first inhabited around 3,000 years ago, but where these people came from has long been a hot topic of debate amongst scientists. The most commonly accepted view, based on archaeological and linguistic evidence as well as genetic studies, is that Pacific islanders were the latter part of a migration south and eastwards from Taiwan which began around 4,000 years ago. But the Leeds research -- published February 3 in The American Journal of Human Genetics -- has found that the link to Taiwan does not stand up to scrutiny. In fact, the DNA of current...