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  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    01/07/2011 8:26:26 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 107 replies
    Virginia.edu ^ | 1884 (1885 in the US) | Mark Twain a.k.a. Samuel Clemens
    This thread will contain the entire text of "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain, who was not only a socialist, and never worked a day in his life, but also believed that William Shakespeare didn't write the works of William Shakespeare. IOW, he was a deeply flawed do-nothing who happened to become (temporarily) successful in middle age."All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn... American writing comes from that. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since." -- Ernest Hemingway, "Green Hills of Africa" (1935) related: The Elderly Man...
  • Unknown species found in new treasure trove of fossils found in China

    03/21/2019 4:52:33 PM PDT · by Innovative · 16 replies
    CNN ^ | March 21, 2019 | Ashley Strickland
    A newly discovered fossil site in China that dates back 518 million years contains more than 50% previously unknown species, according to a new study. The well-preserved Qingjiang site is helping scientists to fill gaps in the fossil record and provide a clearer picture of some of the earliest animal ecosystems. The site is unique in that it not only includes well-preserved fossils but soft-bodied organisms as well. Some of the animals include corals, sponges, sea anemones, jellyfish, comb jellies, arthropods and tiny invertebrates called mud dragons, as well as microscopic fossils.
  • First Anatolian farmers were local hunter-gatherers that adopted agriculture

    03/21/2019 12:29:15 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Tuesday, March 19, 2019 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Farming was developed approximately 11,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent, a region that includes present-day Iraq, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Egypt and Jordan as well as the fringes of southern Anatolia and western Iran. By about 8,300 BCE it had spread to central Anatolia, in present-day Turkey. These early Anatolian farmers subsequently migrated throughout Europe, bringing this new subsistence strategy and their genes. Today, the single largest component of the ancestry of modern-day Europeans comes from these Anatolian farmers. It has long been debated, however, whether farming was brought to Anatolia similarly by a group of migrating farmers from the...
  • Hepatitis B virus sheds light on ancient human population movements into Australia

    03/21/2019 9:43:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 17, 2019 | University of Melbourne
    Australian researchers have used current hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome sequences to deduce ancient human population movements into Australia, adding weight to the theory that the mainland Aboriginal population separated from other early humans at least 59 thousand years ago and possibly entered the country near the Tiwi Islands... Chronic HBV infection is endemic in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality due to liver disease and liver cancer. As part of caring for patients with hepatitis B infections in the CHARM study, the research team collected HBV samples from people...
  • Largest known child sacrifice site discovered in Peru

    04/28/2018 10:42:17 PM PDT · by Simon Green · 47 replies
    The Guardian ^ | 04/28/18 | Associated Press
    Archaeologists in northern Peru say they have found evidence of what could be the world’s largest single case of child sacrifice. The burial site, known as Las Llamas, contains the skeletons of 140 children who were aged between five and 14 when they were ritually sacrificed during a ceremony about 550 years ago, archaeologists said on Friday. The site, located near the city of Trujillo, also contained the remains of 200 young llamas apparently sacrificed on the same day. The burial site was apparently built by the Chimú empire. It is thought the children were sacrificed as floods caused by...
  • ...Flintstone Workshop of Neanderthals in... Poland... approx. 60,000 years old

    03/20/2019 9:37:46 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies
    Science in Poland ^ | March 13, 2019 | Szymon Zdzieblowski
    They probably appeared in Poland approximately 300,000 years ago. The oldest stone tools they used, discovered on the Vistula, are over 200,000 years old, and the remains are over 100,000 years old. "On the bank of the river in Pietraszyno, we discovered an unprecedented amount of flint products - 17,000 - abandoned by Neanderthals approximately 60,000 years ago" - says Dr. Andrzej Wisniewski from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Wroclaw. Since 2018, the researcher has been conducting joint excavations with researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig in the framework of a National Science Centre...
  • China discovers bamboo slips recording rules of ancient board game

    03/20/2019 9:29:35 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    Xinhua ^ | March 13, 2019 | Editor: mingmei
    Chinese archaeologists have examined a batch of bamboo slips unearthed from a Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-8 AD) tomb and found they recorded the long-lost rules of "liubo", an ancient Chinese board game. More than 5,200 bamboo slips were excavated from the tomb of the Marquis of Haihun near Nanchang in eastern China's Jiangxi Province. Over 1,000 of them were recently confirmed to be inscribed with the rules of liubo, according to the institute of excavated text research at Peking University, which is in charge of examining the items. Liubo, literally "six sticks," is a two-player board game dating back...
  • 110-million-year-old bird fossil found with egg inside

    03/20/2019 1:32:52 PM PDT · by ETL · 24 replies
    FoxNews.com/Science ^ | Mar 20, 2019 | Chris Ciaccia | Fox News
    The find, made in 110-million-year-old deposits in northwest China, is of a new species known as Avimaia schweitzerae and the fossil has been described as "incredibly well preserved." The new species belongs to the group known as Enantiornithes, which were fairly common in the Cretaceous period, living alongside dinosaurs. However, the fossilized egg may have resulted in the death of the so-called mother bird, researchers said. "The egg shell consists of two layers instead of one as in normal healthy bird eggs, indicating the egg was retained too long inside the abdomen," Dr. Alida Bailleul said in comments obtained by...
  • Mathematicians reveal secret to human sperm's swimming prowess

    03/20/2019 3:16:52 AM PDT · by DUMBGRUNT · 45 replies
    Psy.Org ^ | 19 Mar 2019
    Only around 15 out of the 55 million sperm that embark on the treacherous journey to fertilise the egg are able to make it through the reproductive tract where cervical mucus, which is one hundred times thicker than water, forms part of one of nature's toughest selective challenges. ...With no central nervous system to make decisions about how to move and when—what controls sperms movement remains a scientific mystery
  • Monastery of 7th-Century Scottish Princess (and Saint) Possibly Discovered

    03/18/2019 6:23:50 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 14 replies
    Live Science ^ | 3/11/19 | Laura Geggel
    Archaeologists and citizen scientists have unearthed what may be the monastery of Princess Aebbe, who was born a pagan but later spread Christianity along the northeastern British coast during the seventh century. Once the pagan-turned-Christian princess (615-668) became an abbess, she established the monastery at Coldingham, a village in the southeast of Scotland. But the monastery was short-lived; Viking raiders destroyed it it in 870. Archaeologists have been looking for the remains of this monastery for decades. Excavators have now located a narrow, circular ditch, which is likely the "vallum," or the boundary that surrounded Aebbe's religious settlement, DigVentures, a...
  • Diet-induced changes favor innovation in speech sounds

    03/17/2019 11:36:15 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 29 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 14, 2019 | University of Zurich
    Diet-induced changes in the human bite resulted in new sounds such as "f" in languages all over the world, a study by an international team led by researchers at the University of Zurich has shown. The findings contradict the theory that the range of human sounds has remained fixed throughout human history. Human speech is incredibly diverse, ranging from ubiquitous sounds like "m" and "a" to the rare click consonants in some languages of Southern Africa. This range of sounds is generally thought to have been established with the emergence of the Homo sapiens around 300,000 years ago. A study...
  • Changes in rat size reveal habitat of 'Hobbit' hominin

    03/17/2019 11:30:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 13, 2019 | Emory Health Sciences
    Murids, as the rat family is known, are more taxonomically diverse than any other mammal group and are found in nearly every part of the world... The study was based on remains recovered from the limestone cave known as Liang Bua, where partial skeletons of H. floresiensis have been found, along with stone tools and the remains of animals -- most of them rats. In fact, out of the 275,000 animal bones identified in the cave so far, 80 percent of them are from rodents... The study encompassed about 10,000 of the Liang Bua rat bones. The remains spanned five...
  • Thanks to pig remains, scientists uncover extensive human mobility to sites near Stonehenge

    03/17/2019 11:25:38 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 7 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 13, 2019 | Richard Madgwick, Cardiff University
    A mutli-isotope analysis of pigs remains found around henge complexes near Stonehenge has revealed the large extent and scale of movements of human communities in Britain during the Late Neolithic. The findings... provide insight into more than a century of debate surrounding the origins of people and animals in the Stonehenge landscape. Neolithic henge complexes, located in southern Britain, have long been studied for their role as ceremonial centers. Feasts that were unprecedented at the time were held at these locations. Experts have theorized that these events brought in many people beyond the surrounding area of the henge sites, but...
  • 500-Year-Old Astrolabe May be ‘Earliest Marine Navigation Tool’ Ever Discovered

    10/26/2017 1:39:00 PM PDT · by Oatka · 23 replies
    gCaptain ^ | Oct. 25, 2017 | Mike Schuler
    Image credit: WMG, University of Warwick Researchers at the University of Warwick have identified what is believed to be the earliest known marine navigation tool ever discovered. The artifact, now determined to be an astrolabe, was excavated in 2014 from the wreck of a Portuguese explorer ship which sank during a storm in the Indian Ocean in 1503. The ship was called the Esmeralda, part of a fleet led by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, the first person to sail directly from Europe to India. The astrolabe is believed to date from between 1495 and 1500, which would make it...
  • The real Saint Patrick in his own words

    03/16/2019 8:33:44 AM PDT · by Antoninus · 13 replies
    Gloria Romanorum ^ | 3/17/13 | Florentius
    Who was Saint Patrick? Well, for starters, he wasn't Irish. He was born a Roman (Patricius) during the days when Britain was cut off from the empire immediately before the final collapse of Roman power in the west. Though not born an Irishman himself, Patrick had a deep and abiding love for the Irish and dedicated his life to bringing them to Christianity. Amazingly, two works written by Patrick have come down to us from antiquity. The first is his Confessio, which was written about AD 450 under obscure circumstances. Following is an excerpt from this document, where Patrick tells...
  • The Day the World Burned

    03/16/2019 10:59:38 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    University of California - Santa Barbara ^ | Friday, March 8, 2019 | Sonia Fernandez
    When UC Santa Barbara geology professor emeritus James Kennett and colleagues set out years ago to examine signs of a major cosmic impact that occurred toward the end of the Pleistocene epoch, little did they know just how far-reaching the projected climatic effect would be... the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis, which postulates that a fragmented comet slammed into the Earth close to 12,800 years ago, causing rapid climatic changes, megafaunal extinctions, sudden human population decrease and cultural shifts and widespread wildfires (biomass burning)... suggests a possible triggering mechanism for the abrupt changes in climate at that time, in particular a...
  • Deep sea explorers discover USS Wasp, another WWII aircraft carrier

    03/15/2019 8:25:00 AM PDT · by GreyFriar · 25 replies
    CBS News ^ | 15 Mar 2019 | Mark Philips
    Deep sea explorers found the USS Hornet in the South Pacific earlier this year, but the Hornet was not the only ship located on that expedition. In the latest update for the American Naval history books, the research vessel Petrel revealed it also found the World War II aircraft carrier USS Wasp. We're 2.5 miles down, peering inside the cockpit of an avenger torpedo bomber from the sunken World War II aircraft carrier, USS Wasp. The plane is not just a relic, it's a clue, reports CBS News correspondent Mark Phillips. Can the Wasp itself be far away? The Wasp...
  • The genetics of regeneration: Study uncovers genes that control process of whole-body regeneration

    03/15/2019 6:16:58 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 59 replies
    news.harvard.edu/gazette ^ | March 14, 2019 | By Peter Reuell Harvard Staff Writer
    When it comes to regeneration, some animals are capable of amazing feats. If you cut off a salamander’s leg, it will grow back. When threatened, some geckos drop their tails to distract their predator, only to regrow them later. Other animals take the process even further. Planarian worms, jellyfish, and sea anemones can actually regenerate their bodies after being cut in half. Led by Assistant Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology Mansi Srivastava, a team of researchers is shedding new light on how animals pull off the feat, along the way uncovering a number of DNA switches that appear to...
  • Ancient DNA research shines spotlight on Iberia

    03/15/2019 2:20:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 40 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | March 14, 2019 | University of Huddersfield
    The largest-ever study of ancient DNA from the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) suggests that the Iberian male lineages were almost completely replaced between 4,500 and 4,000 years ago by newcomers originating on the Russian steppe... Most striking was an influx of new people during the later Copper Age, otherwise known as the Beaker period because of the ubiquitous presence in burials of large drinking vessels, from about 4,500 years ago. By the Early Bronze Age, 500 years later, these newcomers represented about 40% of Iberia's genetic pool - but virtually 100% of their male lineages... This is an extraordinary...
  • "Off the Richter Scale" (Huge Predicted West Coast Earthquakes)

    03/13/2019 9:37:20 AM PDT · by Sarcasm Factory · 96 replies
    City Journal ^ | Winter 2019 | Michael J. Totten
    Americans have long dreaded the “Big One,” a magnitude 8.0 earthquake along California’s San Andreas Fault that could one day kill thousands of people and cause billions of dollars in damage. The Big One, though, is a mere mini-me compared with the cataclysm forming beneath the Pacific Northwest. Roughly 100 miles off the West Coast, running from Mendocino, California, to Canada’s Vancouver Island, lurks the Cascadia Subduction Zone, where the Juan de Fuca Plate is sliding beneath the North American Plate, creating the conditions for a megathrust quake 30 times stronger than the worst-case scenario along the notorious San...