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  • The Dead Sea Scrolls contain genetic clues to their origins

    06/04/2020 10:35:01 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Science News ^ | June 2, 2020 | Bruce Bower
    Rechavi's group obtained DNA from minuscule bits that either fell off or were removed from 26 Dead Sea Scroll fragments. Those samples contained no writing. After excluding DNA left by people who had handled the scrolls, the scientists identified DNA of animals used to make the ancient parchments. All fragments were made of sheepskin except for two made from cow skin... Four Qumran fragments from the Hebrew Bible's book of Jeremiah likely came from two different versions of that book, the investigators find. Two sheepskin fragments belonged to one book and two cow skin fragments belonged to another. Cows couldn't...
  • Maya monuments and maize in the Americas [LIDAR discovery of Aguada Fenix]

    06/04/2020 8:51:07 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Cosmos ^ | Wednesday, June 3, 2020 | Nick Carne
    In Mexico, LiDAR (light detection and ranging) equipment uncovered what researchers say is the largest and oldest known Maya monument, while in neighbouring Belize, isotopic analysis of human remains provided the earliest timeline for the adoption of maize as a staple crop. The discovery at Tabasco near the border with Guatemala suggests the Maya civilisation developed more rapidly than previously thought and hints at less social inequality than in later periods, according to the international research team led by Takeshi Inomata and Daniela Triadan from the University of Arizona US. Known as Aguada Fénix, the monument lurked beneath the surface...
  • The Oracle of Delphi -- Was She Really Stoned?

    06/03/2020 7:50:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 24 replies
    BAR / Archaeology Odyssey ^ | March 20, 2020 / November/December 2002 | Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and John R. Hale
    Numerous classical authors report that natural phenomena played an essential part in one of their most sacred religious rituals: the oracle at Delphi. According to the geographer Strabo (c. 64 B.C.–25 A.D.), for example, "the seat of the oracle is a cavern hollowed down in the depths … from which arises pneuma [breath, vapor, gas] that inspires a divine state of possession" (Geography 9.3.5). Over the past five years, a team of researchers -- a geologist, an archaeologist, a chemist and a toxicologist -- has put that claim to the test, making it much more likely that we will actually...
  • Deultum Roman colony near Burgas had port

    06/01/2020 7:35:47 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Bulgarian National Radio ^ | May 25, 2020 | Radio Bulgaria News
    Archaeologists from the Deultum-Debelt National Archaeological Reserve near Bulgaria's Burgas have discovered the first written evidence that the Roman colony Deultum had a port, BGNES reported. The inscription was found on limestone sarcophagus, dating from the II-III century AD. Experts say that the inscription, which is in Greek, proves that today's Debelt was a port town. Deultum is the oldest Roman colony in the Bulgarian lands. It was established in the 1st century AD, immediately after the Jewish-Roman War and is located at the mouth of today's river Sredetska, which flows into the Burgas Bay. The port town was of...
  • European Ice Age Hunters Ate Wolf Meat, Say Scientists

    05/31/2020 7:57:03 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 36 replies
    Science in Poland ^ | May 21, 2020 | Szymon Zdzieblowski
    "Some marks were left by Palaeolithic hunters when removing skins, but there are also those that can be associated only with dividing the carcass into smaller portions." He added: "Bones of herbivores usually dominate within human settlements from this period, because they were probably more eagerly consumed. "But it seems understandable that in the case of hunting a wolf, discarding meat was a considerable loss, especially during periods of lower availability of food. Therefore, it seems that all parts of the predators' body were used." In Pavlov, in addition to the remains of small and medium-sized predatory animals, researchers also...
  • Norfolk discovery of 1,100-year-old brooch 'will remain a mystery'

    05/31/2020 7:42:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies
    BBC News ^ | May 24, 2020 | unattributed
    The late 9th Century silver disc was discovered in a field in Great Dunham, Norfolk, which had recently been landscaped. It is not known where the soil came from, but experts say the find is similar to the nearby Pentney Hoard... The brooch was found by an inexperienced detectorist on 9 May 2019, on just his third day detecting. He initially thought the piece was Victorian, but when archaeologists at Norfolk County Council were alerted they visited the scene to excavate further. During the dig, the team found a 19th Century plough buried beneath the level of the Saxon brooch,...
  • Lincoln Cathedral: Facial reconstruction of medieval priest unveiled

    05/31/2020 7:34:05 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    BBC News ^ | May 26, 2020 | unattributed
    A facial reconstruction of a medieval priest found buried at Lincoln Cathedral has been unveiled. The priest's remains were discovered among 50 burials unearthed during renovation works in January. Archaeologist Natasha Powers said the real-life image was "not an exact likeness" but a "representation" based on his skull and medieval drawings. Experts analysed the 5ft 7in (169cm) skeleton and estimated he died aged between 35 and 45 years old. Ms Powers said the priest's facial features were based on a model of his skull but his colouration - including that of his eyes and skin - as well as his...
  • Trekking The Roman Road To Scotland

    05/31/2020 12:27:12 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Timeline ^ | May 31, 2020 | host Tony Robinson
  • German industry demands subsidies for fossil fuel cars

    05/31/2020 8:46:32 AM PDT · by Olog-hai · 7 replies
    Deutsche Welle ^ | 05.31.2020 | aw/sri (AFP, dpa)
    Germany’s top industry body on Sunday called for sales subsidies on electric cars to be extended to fossil-fuel-powered vehicles. Dieter Kempf, president of the Federation of German Industries (BDI), made the demand in the Welt am Sonntag newspaper. Germany’s powerful-but-struggling carmakers have been calling for the expansion of the subsidies on electric cars, in a bid to shore up their positions during the coronavirus-induced economic crisis. “In view of the crisis, it makes sense to introduce a further purchase bonus for at least 12 months in addition to the environmental premium, provided that this premium is part of a cross-sectoral...
  • Canada Bans Cruise Ships For Remainder of 2020 Cruise Season

    05/30/2020 11:49:38 AM PDT · by Capt. Tom · 53 replies
    Cruise Critic ^ | May 29, 2020 | Aaron Saunders
    -- Transport Canada has banned all cruise ships over 100 persons (passengers and crew) from operating within its waters until October 31, effectively ending the 2020 cruise season on both coasts. The move was announced by Minister of Transport Marc Garneau and follows Canada's earlier decision to ban cruise ships from operating in Canadian waters until July 1. “We understand the federal government’s motivations,” said Barry Penner, legal advisor to Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) Northwest & Canada. “In fact, the cruise industry was one of the first to voluntarily suspend operations when the World Health Organization declared a pandemic...
  • Japan was likely writing centuries earlier than record suggests

    05/28/2020 3:27:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    The Asahi Shimbun ^ | May 22, 2020 | Kenji Shimizu / Staff Writer
    Yasuo Yanagida, a visiting professor of archaeology at Kokugakuin University, argues in his latest paper that more than 150 stone artifacts dating from the Yayoi Pottery Culture Period (1000 B.C.-A.D. 250) and the Kofun Period (third to seventh century) he examined could, in fact, be writing tools... In 2016, an ink slab from the latter half of the Yayoi Period (first to second century) was unearthed at the Mikumo-Iwara archaeological site in Itoshima, Fukuoka Prefecture. That site is said to have been the capital of Itokoku, a community written about in the ancient Chinese historical document "Gishiwajinden," which recorded encounters...
  • Glassware found on Okinoshima island came from ancient Persia

    05/28/2020 3:15:27 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies
    The Asahi Shimbun ^ | March 2, 2020 | Kunihiko Imai and Shinji Ueda
    A fragment of a glass bowl unearthed on Okinoshima island, a UNESCO World Heritage site here, came from ancient Persia during the Sassanian dynasty (226-651), researchers announced March 1. Munakata Taisha shrine teamed up with experts and used X-ray imaging to analyze the artifact as well as small pebble-shaped "kirikodama" ornaments made of glass. They date to the late fifth century to seventh century. Okinoshima island, located off Munakata, Fukuoka Prefecture, is considered by the shrine to be so sacred that only males can visit and only if they engage in purification rituals before coming ashore. The island has yielded...
  • Roman floor mosaics brought to light at Negrar di Valpolicella, Verona

    05/28/2020 2:32:44 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 44 replies
    Archaeology News Network ^ | May 26, 2020 | editors
    Archaeologists of the Superintendence of Archaeology, Fine Arts and Landscape of Verona are bringing to light the magnificent floor mosaics and foundations of a Roman villa dating back to the third century AD. The villa, which was first discovered in the 1920s at Negrar di Valpolicella, near Verona, had remained buried since then and was all but forgotten. In summer 2019 the technicians of the Superintendence of Archaeology, Fine Arts and Landscape of Verona returned to the site after almost a century, under the direction of the archaeologist Gianni de Zuccato. The investigations continued in October 2019 and in February...
  • Pakistan Jet Crashed Shortly After Bizarre Landing Attempt At 327 KPH

    05/28/2020 2:00:56 PM PDT · by DUMBGRUNT · 61 replies
    NDTV ^ | 28 May 2020 | Alan Levin
    At no point did the pilots say they had a problem with their landing gear or any other type of emergency, according to the radio calls. A deadly plane crash in Pakistan is prompting questions about how the crew could touch down without landing gear when their sophisticated jetliner was bristling with equipment to prevent pilots from doing just that "It is unbelievable to me that an airline crew on a jet like an Airbus, with all the warning systems, would attempt to land the plane without the gear extended," said John Cox, an aviation safety consultant who formerly flew...
  • After Fully Privatizing It, German government offers Lufthansa $10 billion bailout to rescue the country’s largest airline from economic devastation wrought by Coronavirus

    05/26/2020 8:29:04 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 2 replies
    Freight Waves ^ | 05/26/2020 | Eric Kulisch
    After fully privatizing Deutsche Lufthansa AG a quarter-century ago, the German government will become a minority owner in an effort to rescue the country’s largest airline from economic devastation wrought by coronavirus travel restrictions. The airline group, which includes Lufthansa Airlines, SWISS International Air Lines and Austrian Airlines, agreed Monday to a 9 billion euro ($9.8 billion) bailout package in which the federal government will receive a 20% stake in the company in return for two board seats and veto power over any hostile takeover bid. Lufthansa agreed to limit dividends and management pay. The government will also give Lufthansa...
  • Delivering Amtrak's New Acela High Speed Trains

    05/25/2020 7:17:36 PM PDT · by Morgana · 50 replies
    ModelTrainStuff ^ | March 27, 2020 | ModelTrainStuff
    Delivering Amtrak's New Acela High Speed Trains In February 2020, Amtrak's first Avelia Liberty Acela set departed the Alstom factory in Hornell, NY. We made the trip to capture the action, along with the first "production" set which departed a month later to the Northeast Corridor!
  • Top German court grants buybacks for VW diesel car owners

    05/25/2020 5:54:28 PM PDT · by Signalman · 15 replies
    yahoo ^ | 5/25/2020 | Carsten HAUPTMEIER ,
    Karlsruhe (Germany) (AFP) - A top German court ruled Monday that Volkswagen must buy back a diesel car it modified to appear less polluting, a decision that could influence the outcome of tens of thousands of other "dieselgate" cases. Judges at the Federal Court of Justice (BGH) in Karlsruhe "effectively upheld" a lower court's ruling that plaintiff Herbert Gilbert can return his car to VW for reimbursement, but he must also accept a discount from the original purchase price for the time he used it. Almost five years after Volkswagen's admission to cheating on emissions tests involving millions of diesel...
  • Dreaming of a Visit to Japan? The Government Might Pay for Half of Your Trip to Jumpstart Tourism

    05/24/2020 8:48:16 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 8 replies
    The Mind Unleashed ^ | 05/24/2020 | Elias Marat
    If you’re currently stuck at home and facing government lockdown orders in response to the coronavirus pandemic, we won’t blame you if you’re currently fantasizing about the vacations you want to take once the world returns to relative normalcy. While books, YouTube travel vlogs, and even open world video games offer great distractions, in many ways they also offer serious fuel to our wanderlust – inspiring us to do nothing more than get out of our current environs and delve deep into other cultures, climes, and cuisines. And of all the most amazing tourist destinations out there, one country stands...
  • Pool party at Lake of the Ozarks in Missouri draws a packed crowd

    05/24/2020 4:23:22 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 62 replies
    CNN ^ | Eric Levenson and Amanda Jackson,
    Scott Pasmore, an anchor for CNN affiliate KTVK, shot the video at Backwater Jacks Bar & Grill in Osage Beach on Saturday. The gathering violates social distancing measures intended to limit the spread of Covid-19. As part of Missouri's reopening plan announced earlier this month, state officials said restaurants may offer dining-in services but must adhere to social distancing and other precautionary public health measures. The bar posted on Facebook that this was its launch of a summer party called "Zero Ducks Given Pool Party." It advertised several DJs and bands performing throughout the event. "The venue has worked with...
  • When the Romans turned Jerusalem into a pagan city, Jews revolted and minted this coin

    05/24/2020 3:08:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 50 replies
    Live Science ^ | 18 May 2020 | Laura Geggel
    Archaeologists in Israel have discovered a rare coin minted about 1,900 years ago, when the Jewish people revolted against Roman occupation, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced (IAA) last week. The bronze coin is so rare, that out of 22,000 coins found in archaeological excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem, just four are from the revolt, known as the Bar Kokhba revolt, Donald Tzvi Ariel, head of the Coin Department at the IAA, said in a statement. A cluster of grapes and the inscription, "Year Two of the Freedom of Israel," appear on one side of the coin, and on...