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Mental health providers should prescribe exercise more often for depression, anxiety
Southern Methodist University ^ | Apr 5, 2010 | Unknown

Posted on 04/05/2010 3:55:09 PM PDT by decimon

Traditional treatments of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy don't reach everyone

Exercise is a magic drug for many people with depression and anxiety disorders, and it should be more widely prescribed by mental health care providers, according to researchers who analyzed the results of numerous published studies.

"Exercise has been shown to have tremendous benefits for mental health," says Jasper Smits, director of the Anxiety Research and Treatment Program at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. "The more therapists who are trained in exercise therapy, the better off patients will be."

Smits and Michael Otto, psychology professor at Boston University, based their finding on an analysis of dozens of population-based studies, clinical studies and meta-analytic reviews related to exercise and mental health, including the authors' meta-analysis of exercise interventions for mental health and studies on reducing anxiety sensitivity with exercise. The researchers' review demonstrated the efficacy of exercise programs in reducing depression and anxiety.

The traditional treatments of cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy don't reach everyone who needs them, says Smits, an associate professor of psychology.

"Exercise can fill the gap for people who can't receive traditional therapies because of cost or lack of access, or who don't want to because of the perceived social stigma associated with these treatments," he says. "Exercise also can supplement traditional treatments, helping patients become more focused and engaged."

The researchers presented their findings March 6 in Baltimore at the annual conference of the Anxiety Disorder Association of America. Their workshop was based on their therapist guide "Exercise for Mood and Anxiety Disorders," with accompanying patient workbook (Oxford University Press, September 2009). For links to more information see

"Individuals who exercise report fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression, and lower levels of stress and anger," Smits says. "Exercise appears to affect, like an antidepressant, particular neurotransmitter systems in the brain, and it helps patients with depression re-establish positive behaviors. For patients with anxiety disorders, exercise reduces their fears of fear and related bodily sensations such as a racing heart and rapid breathing."

After patients have passed a health assessment, Smits says, they should work up to the public health dose, which is 150 minutes a week of moderate-intensity activity or 75 minutes a week of vigorous-intensity activity. At a time when 40 percent of Americans are sedentary, he says, mental health care providers can serve as their patients' exercise guides and motivators.

"Rather than emphasize the long-term health benefits of an exercise program – which can be difficult to sustain – we urge providers to focus with their patients on the immediate benefits," he says. "After just 25 minutes, your mood improves, you are less stressed, you have more energy – and you'll be motivated to exercise again tomorrow. A bad mood is no longer a barrier to exercise; it is the very reason to exercise."

Smits says health care providers who prescribe exercise also must give their patients the tools they need to succeed, such as the daily schedules, problem-solving strategies and goal-setting featured in his guide for therapists.

"Therapists can help their patients take specific, achievable steps," he says. "This isn't about working out five times a week for the next year. It's about exercising for 20 or 30 minutes and feeling better today."


SMU is a private university in Dallas where nearly 11,000 students benefit from the national opportunities and international reach of SMU's seven degree-granting schools. For more information see

TOPICS: Health/Medicine
KEYWORDS: depression; exercise

1 posted on 04/05/2010 3:55:09 PM PDT by decimon
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To: neverdem; DvdMom; grey_whiskers

:-) ping.

2 posted on 04/05/2010 3:55:54 PM PDT by decimon
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To: decimon

Mental health providers should prescribe exercise more often for Barak Insane Obummer`s depression and his anxiety over telling so many lies to so many so often.

3 posted on 04/05/2010 4:34:59 PM PDT by bunkerhill7
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To: decimon

Cut back on the meds.

4 posted on 04/05/2010 5:22:08 PM PDT by Del Rapier
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To: bunkerhill7

Well since Obamacare calls for deep, deep cuts in mental health care, I guess exercise will be the cure for everything. Ted Kennedy must be rolling over in his grave, cause he fought for years for mental health parity and now his ONE is cutting it to the bone. Obamacare cure for everything that ails you - get off your lazy arse and exercise. Walk to work, we will tax every mile you drive, so get off your duff.

5 posted on 04/05/2010 6:04:03 PM PDT by Semperfiwife (Can your Congressman heal you of your diseases? He thinks he can, he just passed Health CARE.)
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To: decimon

Our family doctor told me at one time to take a walk every day and if my mood did not improve in a couple of weeks, call him back.

Never did call him back about that.

Concussions, stitches, sprains, strains, broken bones, pneumonia ... yeah ... but never did go back about the blues ;-)

6 posted on 04/05/2010 6:18:09 PM PDT by Cloverfarm (This too shall pass ...)
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To: decimon

thanks decimon

7 posted on 04/06/2010 12:10:15 AM PDT by neverdem (Xin loi minh oi)
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