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Top 10 Tips For Beginning Linux
Everyday Linux User ^ | 23 January 2014 | Gary Newel

Posted on 01/24/2014 6:48:04 AM PST by ShadowAce

Most of the time when I write articles on this blog I will have planned them out and worked out when and how I will publish them. (I know some of you might be thinking "Really?").

Occasionally though a nugget drops straight into your inbox and you really don't need to put much thought into it at all. Today is one of those days.

Earlier this week I received an email containing a link to a very interesting video, from Steve Barth, who produces videos for CBT Nuggets.
The video linked below is split into two main sections.

In the first part there is an overview of what Linux actually is, from Shawn Powers, who is a trainer for CBT Nuggets.

The second part of the video has 10 points which give an overview of the things that make up a Linux based operating system and how best to try it out.

It really is an overview but a good place to start.

After you have watched the video check out these links for more help:

In addition to the above links check out the reviews page above and the tutorials page.


TOPICS: Computers/Internet
KEYWORDS: linux
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Link to video on Youtube

Also--I'd imagine (though not certain) that the link for creating a bootable Linux USB from Vista also applies to Windows 7.

1 posted on 01/24/2014 6:48:04 AM PST by ShadowAce
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To: rdb3; Calvinist_Dark_Lord; Salo; JosephW; Only1choice____Freedom; amigatec; Still Thinking; ...

2 posted on 01/24/2014 6:48:30 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: ShadowAce

My #1 tip is don’t plan to use it as your primary desktop unless you plan to dedicate a bunch of time to maintaining it. And never ever ever try to install a program by compiling it unless you want to play hunt the next library. :-)


3 posted on 01/24/2014 6:50:58 AM PST by for-q-clinton (If at first you don't succeed keep on sucking until you do succeed)
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To: JoyjoyfromNJ

bookmark for future reading


4 posted on 01/24/2014 6:52:48 AM PST by JoyjoyfromNJ (everything written by me on FR is my personal opinion & does not represent my employer)
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To: for-q-clinton

in ubuntu the command line apt-get takes care of most of that library hunting stuff.

On the other hand. The 10 steps can be condensed down to 1.

1. Get a Mac.

: )


5 posted on 01/24/2014 6:53:04 AM PST by shineon (.)
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To: for-q-clinton
Your tip doesn't hold any weight any more.

I use it as my primary desktop and perform virtually zero maintenance.

And no one ever installs a program by compiling it any more. It's all automated.

6 posted on 01/24/2014 6:54:08 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: for-q-clinton

I spend less time maintaining linux than Windows 7. I have a dual boot system. I run Debian Stable, all defaults, and it is like a rock.


7 posted on 01/24/2014 6:55:22 AM PST by joseph20 (...to ourselves and our Posterity...)
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To: for-q-clinton
I use linux for my primary desktop, and do zero maintenance on it. I don't know how long ago you tried to use linux, but newer desktops are much improved.

/johnny

8 posted on 01/24/2014 6:55:45 AM PST by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: ShadowAce

Thanks for posting this.

I have a desktop that I haven’t fired up in a couple years, think I might install Linus and play around with it for the first time.


9 posted on 01/24/2014 6:58:06 AM PST by Gamecock (If you like your constitution, you can keep your constitution. Period. (M.S.))
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To: Gamecock

There’s a decent-sized community here on FR that can assist if you have questions. Don’t hesitate to ask.


10 posted on 01/24/2014 7:03:11 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: ShadowAce

I’ve been using Linux casually for about 3 years now. I have now migrated all of my web related activities to Linux Mint with some apps still on a web-disconnected XP machine. I’m in the process of either migrating to open source Linux applications and for the ones (some legacy programs) that I don’t have equivalents for, I am using those Windows apps under Wine.

Working out really well.


11 posted on 01/24/2014 7:05:28 AM PST by NewHampshireDuo
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To: ShadowAce

Let me say, in this explanation I use “CD-rom”, that is actually probably, a DVD-rom. Also I do not accept responsibility for any lack of success, or even if you completely obliterate your system, leaving you with an inert bit of hardware forever. That said, here is my explanation and I have mostly not fried any hard drives.

(mostly)

The first step in my opinion, is just go buy a second hard drive. Then download a Linux install CD from some place (I have ubuntu, there are a lot of places to unload a Linux CD however)

That is it. Have a blank extra hard drive, and (before you start) copy an install CD (DVD).

That’s all you need.

Remove your hard drive from your computer, which will keep your operating system 100% intact, unless you are completely lacking at basic repair skills. This involves removing some screws and some basic (very basic) mechanical effort. Very basic.

Put your new hard drive in your PC. Your computer is now no longer functioning, don’t worry. A blank hard drive. Then load your CD with the installation CD you saved.

Follow the instructions.

Others can probably offer advice, but this is my simple set of instructions.

My biggest suggestion is however, the extra install CD-rom needs to be copied first.

Or you will now have an inert bit of cool-looking plastic now on your desk.

One of those two... :D


12 posted on 01/24/2014 7:10:22 AM PST by Cringing Negativism Network ( http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html#2013)
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To: ShadowAce
-- And no one ever installs a program by compiling it any more. It's all automated. --

"Automated" and "compiled from source" aren't mutually exclusive. I run a small group of Gentoo machines, and almost all of the programs are compiled from source, automatically (well, on demand).

The downside is that it can take from a few seconds to a few hours to install a new program (compiling firefox, chromium and other big programs takes a relatively long time).

13 posted on 01/24/2014 7:12:11 AM PST by Cboldt
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To: ShadowAce

That’s not true. Everytime I want a new program it’s not on my version of Linux at that time so I’m left playing find the lib.

for the past decade Linux fans have been saying that issue is solved and its not. Until they can standardize on a common platform it won’t be.


14 posted on 01/24/2014 7:40:15 AM PST by for-q-clinton (If at first you don't succeed keep on sucking until you do succeed)
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To: JRandomFreeper

I’ve been hearing much improved for the past 20 years and it always falls way short. It is improving though but not really ready for common user desktop use.

I use it for more advanced things like accessing hard drives for recovery of data and WiFi snooping analysis.


15 posted on 01/24/2014 7:43:07 AM PST by for-q-clinton (If at first you don't succeed keep on sucking until you do succeed)
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To: for-q-clinton

Android is basically a version of Linux w/Java.

The tablets are selling really well and most people find them very easy to use.


16 posted on 01/24/2014 7:53:00 AM PST by crusher2013
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To: Cringing Negativism Network

Could one use a external hard drive?


17 posted on 01/24/2014 7:54:43 AM PST by ontap
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To: for-q-clinton

Tip 11: grow a thick skin for ‘peer support’ along the lines of ST*U NOOB!


18 posted on 01/24/2014 7:57:22 AM PST by relictele (Principiis obsta & Finem respice - Resist The Beginnings & Consider The End)
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To: for-q-clinton
A friend borrowed a laptop with Linux Mint on it, and had no problems using it to open Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, and getting information off of the web. She later commented that it was much better than Windoze 8, and easier to use.

I ran a Wireless ISP, and there are NO better network sniffing tools than on Linux.

/johnny

19 posted on 01/24/2014 7:57:54 AM PST by JRandomFreeper (Gone Galt)
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To: ontap

Probably.

My experience has been limited to install on a CD, which is completely new/overwritten.

I know a lot of people have done other alternative, I leave others to comment.

Good luck.

It’s a simple install, except when it’s not.

So sort of use judgement. I’ve not had any trouble on several PC’s.


20 posted on 01/24/2014 8:01:05 AM PST by Cringing Negativism Network ( http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html#2013)
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To: Cringing Negativism Network

Sorry “install on a hard drive”.

I’ve only installed from a CD/DVD to a hard drive which has been taken over by the install.

It works however. Mostly.


21 posted on 01/24/2014 8:04:38 AM PST by Cringing Negativism Network ( http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c5700.html#2013)
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To: for-q-clinton

Amen,

I try every year or so and It’s always little things that should work that end up killing the experiment. Things like printing problems, dodgy docking station support, dual monitor support sucks, and my least favorite game of all, Driver Search.


22 posted on 01/24/2014 8:06:23 AM PST by tfecw (It's for the children)
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To: joseph20

I saw a report alleging that in Europe, most of the laptops and other computers come loaded with Linux as the primary; people have to buy Microsoft as an add on.

I don’t know if that’s true or not. I also haven’t tried it because: 1) I don’t know how or if it would work with my AVG anti-virus or my No Script and 2) I’m a heavy Word and Excel user.


23 posted on 01/24/2014 8:07:08 AM PST by Rich21IE
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To: ShadowAce

Thanks! I appreciated it.

I’m going to take of a few files I need and then proceed.

Do I wipe the hard drive first or install on top of Windows? (I’m guessing the former)


24 posted on 01/24/2014 8:10:21 AM PST by Gamecock (If you like your constitution, you can keep your constitution. Period. (M.S.))
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To: Gamecock
Depending on teh distro you choose (I'm really only familiar with Red Hat/Fedora's anaconda installer), the installer should ask you about partitioning (you can probably also choose to let the installer auto-partition your drive), so it pretty much amounts to the same thing.

Anaconda, at least, is smart enough to know you have a Windows partition and can install on any free space you have on the drive, or wipe it out entirely if that is your wish.

25 posted on 01/24/2014 8:19:27 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: Rich21IE
Linux doesn't need AVG, and I run NoScript on my Linux Firefox. So you shouldn't have any worries regarding those.

I also use Word and Excel files. Granted, they are not laden with macros, but LibreOffice reads and writes to MS formats quite well. You can install LibreOffice under Windows, if you like, to get a taste for how it would interact with your files.

26 posted on 01/24/2014 8:21:43 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: ShadowAce

I read about LibreOffice: http://dennygoot.blogspot.com/2014/01/entire-italian-province-drops-microsoft.html

Italian Province of Umbria is adopting it as their standard and are dumping MS altogether!

Fascinating stuff, this!


27 posted on 01/24/2014 8:29:33 AM PST by Rich21IE
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To: ShadowAce; Gamecock
Keep in mind that ShadowAce uses Fedora. It is a bit less 'user friendly' to new Linux users. i run OpenSUSE, which is a bit more user friendly, but have heard good things about the ease of use of Ubuntu (and it's other derivatives with different desktop environments) and Linux Mint.

This system has been Microsoft free for five years now, and i don't miss it.

Software is installed through the use of Software Repositories.

The major difference between Linux and what you are familiar with is that Linux is a true multi-user system. Unlike Windows, one does not log in as an Administrator for normal use.

28 posted on 01/24/2014 8:38:33 AM PST by Calvinist_Dark_Lord ((I have come here to kick @$$ and chew bubblegum...and I'm all outta bubblegum! ~Roddy Piper))
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To: ShadowAce; Calvinist_Dark_Lord

Thanks to both of you!


29 posted on 01/24/2014 8:54:38 AM PST by Gamecock (If you like your constitution, you can keep your constitution. Period. (M.S.))
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To: ShadowAce

bookmark


30 posted on 01/24/2014 9:00:26 AM PST by Smokin' Joe (How often God must weep at humans' folly. Stand fast. God knows what He is doing.)
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To: ShadowAce

Well ... some of us still compile but only because we’re die-hard control freaks who want it our way. ;p


31 posted on 01/24/2014 9:20:09 AM PST by BuckeyeTexan (There are those that break and bend. I'm the other kind. ~Steve Earle)
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To: BuckeyeTexan
LOL! I knew when I typed that that someone would come on here and contradict me! LOL!

I've been thinking of going after LFS again. I get about halfway through and then the installs/compiles start breaking down.

32 posted on 01/24/2014 9:22:45 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: ShadowAce
And no one ever installs a program by compiling it any more. It's all automated.

I have to harass you about that too! :-) Well, about the only time I compile something it's usually apache or php or something that needs a tweak not included in the automated packages. So consider yourself harassed!

33 posted on 01/24/2014 9:30:40 AM PST by scripter
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To: ShadowAce
I like KUBUNTU - Windows XP Pro dual boot. It covers everything I need. I am spending more and more time on the Linux side and enjoying it. The article has good things to say about KUBUNTU and I agree. Here is the article about KUBUNTU.

I had trouble setting up the dual boot until I found this command in KUBUNTU.

sudo update-grub

That did the trick and also adds the option for a memory test and more.

Good Hunting... from Varmint Al

34 posted on 01/24/2014 9:41:15 AM PST by Varmint Al
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To: for-q-clinton

The only problem is my new wireless router from Time Warner does not support Linux.

%$##@!


35 posted on 01/24/2014 9:59:34 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: Varmint Al
I do like KDE better than Gnome. I have never been able to like Gnome--even from the very beginning.

However, a few years ago, I switched to XFCE. I like it much better than KDE. It just works the same way I do.

36 posted on 01/24/2014 10:00:30 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: GeronL

I don;t use teh ISP’s wireless. I shut it off, and plugged in my Linksys dd-wrt router instead, and use that for wireless.


37 posted on 01/24/2014 10:01:31 AM PST by ShadowAce (Linux -- The Ultimate Windows Service Pack)
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To: Rich21IE

If you have Linux, you won’t need AVG anti-virus


38 posted on 01/24/2014 10:03:13 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: JRandomFreeper

Unless your ISP gives you a wireless router that doesn’t work with Linux, argh


39 posted on 01/24/2014 10:03:40 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: Rich21IE

I heard all the police stations in France were switched over to Ubuntu. Imagine how many copies of Windows they are not going to spend money on.

Quite a savings.


40 posted on 01/24/2014 10:08:33 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: ShadowAce

I have a Windows 7 installation disc... but I can’t find my Puppy Linux Livedisc so I can use GParted to reformat the HDD and load Win 7. For some reason the last 3 distro’s I put on my USB refuse to boot. Something about invalid kernals.

I guess I need to buy some blank CD’s or DVD’s.

Or maybe my computer really doesn’t want to have Windows, maybe I should buy an ethernet cord.


41 posted on 01/24/2014 10:12:39 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: GeronL

Guess I should really gut up and give it a try. I’m fatigued with the Windows instability. So is my wife! And I’m getting tired of listening to her shout commands at the computer! (it doesn’t listen).


42 posted on 01/24/2014 10:16:08 AM PST by Rich21IE
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To: Rich21IE

Not a lot of really good games for Linux though, but if you don’t care about that it’s cool. If someone just surfs the web, writes on LibreOffice and the basic stuff... Ubuntu Linux is great, and very stable.

(make sure to download a stable version, I still use 12.04 myself, there are also development versions)

Doesn’t even have to be Ubuntu, of course. BTW- Burn a disc or make a boot USB and try them out before you erase your Windows. Or better, keep Windows for things you can’t do with Linux yet.


43 posted on 01/24/2014 10:21:35 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: GeronL

Thanks!


44 posted on 01/24/2014 10:34:38 AM PST by Rich21IE
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To: for-q-clinton
My #1 tip is don’t plan to use it as your primary desktop unless you plan to dedicate a bunch of time to maintaining it.

It might make sense to compare the time maintaining it to the time you would otherwise spend with virus scanners, malware scanners, and all the other necessary maintenance required with MS-Windows.

45 posted on 01/24/2014 10:42:03 AM PST by zeugma (Is it evil of me to teach my bird to say "here kitty, kitty"?)
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To: zeugma

I don’t spend any time maintaining my Ubuntu


46 posted on 01/24/2014 10:42:51 AM PST by GeronL (Vote for Conservatives not for Republicans!)
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To: ShadowAce

Ain’t that the way it always is? :)


47 posted on 01/24/2014 10:50:05 AM PST by BuckeyeTexan (There are those that break and bend. I'm the other kind. ~Steve Earle)
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To: for-q-clinton

Sorry, dude. My 17-year-old daughter who has exactly one high-school Java programming class under her belt converted her laptop from Windows Vista to a dual-boot system running Ubuntu and Vista without any help from her Unix Sysadmin, DBA, LAMP, web admin, systems-level programmer parents.

If she can do it, so can others. She uses Ubuntu as her primary user interface.


48 posted on 01/24/2014 11:02:42 AM PST by BuckeyeTexan (There are those that break and bend. I'm the other kind. ~Steve Earle)
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To: ShadowAce

ping


49 posted on 01/24/2014 11:14:04 AM PST by folkquest (I plan on being cranky for the next 4 years. Hope to crack a political smile at the midterms!)
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To: ShadowAce

All fine and dandy but until MasterCAM, CATIA, and FEmap all port to linux or mac I’m stuck with windows.


50 posted on 01/24/2014 11:47:44 AM PST by Organic Panic
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