Skip to comments.Betrayal of Dr. King: Traitorous Blacks Abandoned His Dream
Posted on 06/14/2014 8:49:55 AM PDT by kingattax
Sipping a hot cup of unsweetened green tea at 3am, I felt compelled to revisit Dr Martin Luther King, Jrs I Have a Dream speech on the internet. These excerpts leaped out at me.
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
Wow, what a remarkable dignified, unifying and patriotic speech. My dad and I were there, August 28, 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC. There were yellow school buses parked as far as I could see. The mood of the sea of mostly black faces was happy, peaceful and orderly. As a black kid, Dr King was like nothing I had ever seen before, his voice bigger than life filling the mall; a black man boldly, articulately and eloquently addressing white America on our behalf. I was in total awe of him. What I heard that day was a message rooted in Christian love; a call for mutual respect and citizens of all races coming together as Americans.
(Excerpt) Read more at clashdaily.com ...
Dr. King’s dream was achieved when we passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, among others.
The problems of black America today have nothing to do with discrimination. Down in the ghetto, all this gang activity, and all the baby mama stuff going on, is not due to discrimination. All of those people involved have their equal rights under the law. The life choices they made to get them into bad circumstances have nothing to do with discrimination.
While King had his foibles, as do all, he lived what he preached. “content of character” is everything!
Couldn't agree more. They make their bad choices as do other races and ethnic groups. However, they are highly influenced by one thing the other races don't have - the perpetual race baiters that tell them they are owed. To paraphrase, "tell the lie long enough and people believe".
These children have grown up and now I hear some of them talking about the coming revolution.
the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together and wait One Week....In the Open Air...to get thier New Air Jordans!!
It is simple:
The urban cultural is a regrssion to tribalism. Crips, Bloods, Southside, Westside and to a small extent, the “law-abiders”.
I spoke with an older black well educated black man who believes that also, he said it had already started. He did not believe in it and thinks it is shameful.
Look at the people MLK surrounded himself with, and his personal history. They are a reflection of the person. I don’t understand all this idol worshiping of MLK on FR...
Funny how the modern-day race baiters conveniently ignore that ‘content of character’ part. For them, skin color trumps all.
If a black person today gave that same speech, they’d be labelled as an “Uncle Tom” or an “Oreo.”
the mindless obama zombies and the racist true blue “progressives” may not LIKE THIS ..but Obama is in FACT...our first Oreo President
Half Black... Half White Trash.
From “I have a dream” to “I have a scam.”
From Black Vision to Black Privilege.
And from moral credibility to moral turpitude.
The history of the black civil rights movement in America.
Actually, many black conservatives quote that "character/content" part of his speech, and yes, they are labelled as not truly black. Our own Resident and attorney general have put us back at least 20 years of racial harmony advancement, not to mention Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson, Sheila Jackson Lee, Maxine Waters, the Black Caucus, et al.
What really pisses me, is that Obambi and Holder are half white...Holder probably more so. Being of mixed race, you would think they would be more neutral, forgiving, and promoting "character/content". No, Obambi says "...Trayvon son thing" and Holder says "...his people" as in blacks and refused to prosecute the New Black Panthers armed intimidation at a polling location.
The whole race/ethnic issue makes me sad. Spending 11 years in the Navy, I had friends of all races and ethnicity. Only saw them as equal shipmates. I truly didn't see ANY difference due to skin melatonin. Now, I'm getting biased.
“The life choices they made to get them into bad circumstances have nothing to do with discrimination.”
Right...and those “choices” were aided, abetted, and, in fact, _encouraged and guided_ by liberal thinking.
It’s true, I’ve generally noticed it’s the lighter-skinned blacks that tend to be the most militant. As if they feel like they need to be so radical to prove they belong to the club.
It is sad, that only the military and truly well-managed corporations* are close to being color-blind - that is, setting up a system so that the best and brightest will rise unimpeded.
*No, I’m not talking about window-dressing or “making the quota”.
I don't worship King or anyone or anything for that matter. All I know is that he walked his talk, even though other racists hung on to his coat tails. Geeze, there were even white racists at the big TEA Party in DC years back. The scum use good people and good events to further their agendas. Nothing new.
It would be funny to see how many blacks there would be on the owners' side of the table.
"It would be funny to see how many blacks there would be on the owners' side of the table."
To this day in Africa. Heard a peep out of any of the race-baiters about the slave trade in Africa?, not to mention the rapes, murders, and genocide by black against black. Oops forgot Chicago, Detroit, Philly, et al.
Hmmm, when it starts who will the police be going after with all their MRAPs?
Drunken History had the FUNNIEST episode of MLK being investigated by Hoover. But all the episodes are funny.
Interestingly, I saw Dennis Miller on one of the cable channels last night. He said that racism, as an insult has become so overused and worn out, it’s the new “doodyhead”.
Besides Jesus Christ himself, name one leader, from Abraham, to Moses, to King David, to Jefferson, to Lincoln, to Reagan, who didn't have their own "personal issues". Heck, even Christ had his Judas.
No, we hold up MLK with respect because of his ideas. Would that we had black leaders of his stature today.
It is your right to nitpick and criticize, but in this instance it makes you appear small and petty - to me anyway.
Booker T. Washington was much more eloquent.
Good luck with that. I saw in real time the Koreans standing atop their stores with rifles trained on the crazies during the Los Angeles riots after Rodney King verdict. Not sure, but I don't think one of those stores were looted or burned down. Extrapolate that to the 100's of thousands of law-abiding gun owners in the surrounding suburbs.
Hate to say it, but sometimes I wish they would try their sh*t in the suburbs - which they now threaten. Bet they learn a long time lesson. Yes, the gang members have some automatic weapons and the average scum may have semi-auto handguns, but they are no match for suburbanites and rural folks with rifles and scopes, not to mention behind those scopes are military Veterans.
They know better and that's why they always burn down their own neighborhoods. They don't have and never will have the balls to take their crap to an armed community.
You make a good point if you think blacks versus hispanics warfare that is going on right now. Think Sunni versus Sheites.
Classic Dennis Miller.
According to your tagline, you own a '64 Impala? I have '58 Impala.
You're uninformed as to the truth about MLK.
He was a leftist radical who smeared American troops by calling them murderers and racists, killing anything that moved in Vietnam. He favored reparations, and had many well-known Communist connections. He called for a radical revolution of values in the US (sound familiar?) and stated that America was the greatest purveyor of violence in the world. He sided with the Communist government in Vietnam, and said that it had good reason to be suspicious of the US.
Look up the text of King's 1967 Riverside church speech. Leftwing websites hold up that particular piece of oration as a masterpiece.
Hold a leftwing radical up with respect? Not this conservative. And if recognizing and speaking the truth about that Communist makes me petty, I welcome the label.
Wish for black leaders of his "stature?" Look around, we have plenty of them.
No one...too controversial. Doesn't matter what toys the authorities have (many SWAT units existed at the time) if they are too political to use them. The police pulled out and left Los Angeles to burn until the National Guard finally came in. Actually, I think the savages just got tired and went home to drink their stolen booze and enjoy their stolen TV's.
What really torked me off, was the Firemen being shot at and/or molotov cocktails thrown at them with little to no police support. That's why LA burned for so long - the Fire Departments had to stop responding to save their own and I don't blame them. What a disgrace that was to Los Angeles Police Department, but then they've long been known to be disgraceful.
The only problem with the savages' "burn, baby, burn" mentality is guess who pays to rebuild their crappy "hood". Again, I hope they come to suburbia. And yes, Intel Agencies, I will go to jail before I tell you who owns them. Been there, done that in my youth. Have less fear nowadays at my end days.
Had MLK lived in these days and witnessed the slaughter among his people, he may not have had a dream at all but would be carrying a concealed handgun.
In contrast, Booker T. Washington appealed to a common history, common interests between the races, in a classic address that showed a deep understanding of how America had always worked best. In place of King's platitudes & calls for intrusive Government, Washington cited the experiences of his listeners as to what would work to common advantage. (See Booker T. Washington Address.)
Under Washington's leadership, Black America turned a corner socially--the crime rate began to fall, as did the percentage of out-of-wedlock births. These phenomena were reversed under the corrupting influence of the New Deal, with an acceleration of the breakdown, with the success of King & the Civil Rights Movement.
That is history; however some may deny it. We should bear witness to the tragedy involved in this; but the media keeps ignoring what has actually followed the Socialistic influences they continue to glorify.
Good point. Think he would be happy about Chicago, Detroit, Philly, St. Louis, Los Angeles, DC, etc.? I think not. He probably would have been on par with Allen West, Walter Williams, Thomas Sowell and such.
To a poster above: Yeah, I know King was a socialist, but his message about "content of character" rang true and I still believe in that ideal. When's the last time you heard that from a liberal/socialist/communist? Hell, when's the last time you heard it from a Republican elite?
See my post #37.
Washington championed unity, while King advocated policies that brought about division and unrest.
But when we say, “I know he was a socialist, BUT”-—what does socialism entail?
The answer includes these things: hatred of and blaming America; vilifying our troops as criminals; income redistribution; radical economic policies; and the cozying up to Communist governments. ALL of which were characteristics of MLK.
“Content of character?” The content of his character seems pretty clear, doesn’t it? Believing in ideals is one thing, but when it clouds your judgement and prevents you from seeing reality, well...
John Kerry also denigrated American troops, just like MLK. Kerry was rightfully vilified for it.
Bill Clinton has a history of abuse of women, just like MLK (Ralph Abernathy wrote about an incidence at a “sex party” in which King hit a woman and knocked her across a bed). Clinton is rightfully denounced for such abuses.
Yet with all we know about King, even some conservatives refuse to do the same with him.
Why is that?
He was a leftist, through and through. He does not deserve to be held up as a hero.
I’ve been schooled, I stand corrected.
Cowboy Bob, my sincere apologies for besmirching your character.
And just exactly what was "Reverend" Marxist Luther King doing in Memphis back during April 1968? Was this so-called "preacher" speaking of the Gospel of Jesus Christ and the One Path to Salvation through His Blood? No Michael (his chosen name of Martin is another falsehood in a life full of lies and deception) King was preaching the satanic gospel of "social justice". His final days were spent marching on behalf of the thugs in a commie run union, AFSCME, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees.
It's not surprising that MLK was champion of leftism as is the parasite he mentored, the equally fraudulent "Reverend" Jessie Jackson. Here's what the vile Michael King said about the great President Ronald Reagan:
When a Hollywood performer, lacking distinction even as an actor, can become a leading war hawk candidate for the presidency, only the irrationalities induced by war psychosis can explain such a turn of events.
King was no Conservative since he also was an unabashed proponent of reparations, stating:
Few people consider the fact that, in addition to being enslaved for two centuries, the Negro was, during all those years, robbed of the wages of his toil. Not all the wealth of this affluent society could meet the bill.Yet a price can be placed on unpaid wages.
A few platitudes aren't the measure of a man. His totality is measured by his actions and the kind of people he surrounded himself with.
Jonno, I’m stll a newb, so coming from a longtime Freeper-—I’m honored.
God bless and have a nice weekend.
Really? I was young, but not thoughtless. Although I didn't care about the differences in political ideology, I saw his message as reaching out for equality, unlike Sharpton, Jackson, Waters, Lee, et al. Blacks WERE actually oppressed back then and it was not right. Hell, they still had hangings in the South on occasion. Not saying they're owed anything now.
As for "unrest" (civil at the time), yes it pissed off a lot of white racists. Still, I have no sympathy for the EBT card holders, gangsters, deadbeat fathers, and the majority in our penal systems. They had their chance as said above and still make their bad decisions, mostly due to the race-baiters.
I only wish our wannabe totalitarians nowadays had half the character he had, politics and philandering aside. Many people bad mouth John Kennedy because we was a Democrat. However, he was more conservative than most of our current RINOS. Don't care if he played with Monroe.
Also, don't care if Clinton would have a fling. Sex is an over-powering hormone trait to many. Clinton's sin was that he was abusive in his affairs ("put some ice on it") and took advantage of a naive young intern, soiled the Oval Office, and then LIED to the world. At least Nixon had the integrity to resign.
So yes, in contrast, I think MLK's message was solid, the same as Rosa Parks' stand. Think what you will about me...I agreed then and still do about "the content of character".
And King's son, Martin (that is his real name) Luther King III had this to say in his defense of the murderous thug who nearly took the life of George Zimmerman:
Sadly, the tears of Trayvon Martins mother and father remind us that far too frequently the color of ones skin remains a license to profile, arrest, and to even murder with no regard to the content of ones character. Regressive stand your ground laws must be repealed.
MLK's son stood shoulder to shoulder with the despicable Al Sharpton just as the father brazenly stood with Jessie Jackson, his confidant and protege:
This whole "born on date" nonsense that so many FReepers take so seriously smacks of the tenure system of the leftist education racketeers. Seniority is also oh-so-important to union goons.
Bear in mind that Thad Cochran is about to be beaten by a "n00b" and that Dave Brat has a more recent "born on date" than RINO Eric Cantor. Of course, since he has seniority, by some standards Mitch McConnell is a far better man than Ted Cruz.
I've recently seen so FReepers from the "class of 1998" and "class of 1999" rightfully get the ZOT for advancing pro-abortion, pro-sodomy leftist talking points here on FR.
Can't deny that. But FR has a rich history, and even though I lurked for a few years, that history began a long time before I ever found the place. I think the ones who were around at the beginning & helped bring it all about deserve respect (unless they go nuts and invite the Viking Kitties).
“...some Negroes have been walking down a dream street talking about sitting next to white people; and that that does not begin to solve the problem; that when we went to Mississippi we did not go to sit next to Ross Barnett; we did not go to sit next to Jim Clark; we went to get them out of our way; and that people ought to understand that; that we were never fighting for the right to integrate, we were fighting against white supremacy.” Stokely Carmichael, 1966
MLK claimed to be working for liberty. and notwithstanding the egregious racial bigotry of his time, he should have completely rejected the murderous tyranny of Marxism and communism as an unacceptable palliative in ANY context.
I wish to make it clear that I think that Martin Luther King was a man of enormous courage, charisma, and intellect that profoundly altered the course of American history and made it a better country in so far has its promise of justice for all is concerned.
This does not mean however that his legacy to the Civil Rights movement has been one of unalloyed good. I believe much of his bequeathment resulted in an over reliance on big government statist solutions to problems within the black community that require individual initiatives to correct. Martin Luther Kings frequent references to this nations founding documents are well known. His reflections on Communism are much less well known and undoubtedly contributed to his general philosophy. We owe it to ourselves to examine the effects of this legacy and contextualize it so has to solve the problems facing the black community today.
While King himself was not a communist, he did business with communists and was influenced by them. This delicate subject, made more so given the martyrdom and subsequent lionization of King, should nevertheless be broached as a means of providing insight into some of the darker forces that worked their way into what was essentially a pro American, conservative, Christian civil rights movement.
King surrounded himself with communists from the beginning of his career. His closest advisor Stanley Levison was a Communist. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference, formed in 1957 and led by King, had Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth as Vice President who was at the same time president of the Southern Conference Education Fund, an identified communist front according to the Legislative Committee on un-American Activities, Louisiana (Report April 13, 1964 pp. 31-38). The field director of SCEF was Carl Braden, a known communist agitator who was also involved in the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, which counted Lee Harvey Oswald, the communist assassin of President Kennedy as a member. King maintained regular correspondence with Carl Braden. Bayard Rustin, a known communist, was also on the board of SCLC.
Dr. King addressed the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tenn., 1957, previously known as the Commonwealth College until the House Committee on un-American Activities sited it as a communist front (April 27, 1949). HCAA found that Commonwealth was using religion as a way to infiltrate the African-American community by, among other techniques, comparing New Testament texts to those of Karl Marx. King knew many communists associated with the Highlander school.
King hired communist official Hunter Pitts ODell, 1960, at the SCLC. The St. Louis Globe Democrat reported (Oct. 26, 1962) A Communist has infiltrated the top administrative post in the Rev. Martin Luther Kings SCLC. He is Jack H. ODell, acting executive director of conference activities in the southeastern states including Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Dr. King fired ODell when this became public but subsequently rehired him to head the SCLC New York office.
King himself expresses a Marxist outlook in his book Stride Toward Freedom when he stated, in spite of the shortcomings of his analysis, Marx had raised some basic questions. I was deeply concerned from my early teen days about the gulf between superfluous wealth and abject poverty, and my reading of Marx made me even more conscious of this gulf. Although modern American capitalism has greatly reduced the gap through social reforms, there was still need for a better distribution of wealth. Moreover, Marx had revealed the danger of the profit motive as the sole basis of an economic system
King, unfortunately, didnt understand that it was Capitalism and freedom that was responsible for the successes the African-American community already had achieved in his day and the key to future success. By better distribution of wealth King meant state control over the economy. His contempt for the profit motive was unfortunate given that African-Americans shouldve been encouraged by their leaders to seek fair profit to the best of their ability. Kings leftist ideas contributed to an opening of the floodgates to such radicals as Stokley Carmichael, H. Rap Brown, the Black Panthers, as well as the burning and looting of African-American neighborhoods, the institutionalizing of poverty perpetrating welfare, the destruction of the family, drugs, violence, racism, and crime.
In Stride Toward Freedom Dr. King states In short, I read Marx as I read all of the influential historical thinkers from a dialectical point of view, combining a partial yea and a partial no. My readings of Marx convinced me that truth is found neither in Marxism nor in traditional capitalism. Each represents a partial truth. Historically capitalism failed to see truth in collective enterprise and Marxism failed to see the truth in individual enterprise. The Kingdom of God is neither the thesis of individual enterprise nor the antithesis of collective enterprise, but a synthesis which reconciles the truths of both.
King, like Marx, Lenin, and Stalin, had a dialectical point of view. The goal of the dialectic is authoritarianism. A nation, to paraphrase Abraham Lincoln, cannot be half free and half slave. By advocating socialism, King chose an imperious stand toward his own people in contrast to a stand for genuine freedom, self-rule, self-sufficiency, private ownership, and the accumulation of capital. King did not advocate the American system of free market capitalism. Instead, he stood for a system that has stunted the growth of African-Americans as well as the rest of us.
All Marxists believe in Hegelian Dialectics. This is a belief that progress is achieved through conflict between opposing viewpoints. Any ideological assertion (thesis) will create its own opposite (antithesis). Progress is achieved when a conclusion (synthesis) is reached which espouses aspects of both the thesis and antithesis.
For example, Hitler had a dialectical point of view. He rejected Marxist class warfare, but embraced the basic socialist idea of the insignificance of the individual compared to the collective state.
This belief in dialectical progress is why liberals pit the rich against the poor, old against young, black against white, men against women, gay against straight, ad nauseam.
King wrote in Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community? I am now convinced the solution to poverty is to abolish it directly by a now widely discussed measure: the guaranteed income. But to ensure that the guaranteed income operates as a consistently progressive measure it must be pegged to the median income of society, not the lowest levels of income and must automatically increase as the total social income grows. So far, his proposal was not materially different from Huey Longs Share Our Wealth program. This was from his later works, but he had voiced support for a modified form of socialism for some time. While accepting his Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, King told the press, We feel we have much to learn from Scandinavias democratic socialist tradition and from the manner in which you have overcome many of the social and economic problems that still plague far more powerful and affluent nations.
This issue is somewhat clouded by what Dr. King wrote in his 1957 book Stride toward Freedom: the Montgomery story, in which he wrote the following devastating critique of the sort of communism practiced in the Communist super state of the Union of Soviet Socialist republics.
During the Christmas holidays of 1949 I decided to spend my spare time reading Karl Marx to try to understand the appeal of communism for many people. For the first time I carefully scrutinized *Das Kapital and The Communist Manifesto. I also read some interpretive works on the thinking of Marx and Lenin. In reading such Communist writings I drew certain conclusions that have remained with me as convictions to this day.
First, I rejected their materialistic interpretation of history. Communism, avowedly secularist and materialistic, has no place for God. This I could never accept, for as a Christian, I believe that there is a creative personal power in the universe who is the ground and essence of all reality-a power that cannot be explained in materialistic terms. History is ultimately guided by spirit, not matter.
Second, I strongly disagreed with communisms ethical relativism. Since for the Communist there is no divine government, no absolute moral order, there are no fixed, immutable principles; consequently almost anything-force, violence murder, lying-is a justifiable means to the millennial end. This type of relativism was abhorrent to me. Constructive ends can never give absolute moral justification to destructive means, because in the final analysis the end is pre-existent in the means.
Third, I opposed communisms political totalitarianism. In communism, the individual ends up in subjection to the state. True, the Marxists would argue that the state is an interim reality which is to be eliminated when the classless society emerges; but the state is the end while it lasts, and man is only a means to that end. And if mans so-called rights and liberties stand in the way of that end, they are simply swept aside. His liberties of expression, his freedom to vote, and his freedom to listen to what news he likes or to choose his books are all restricted. Man becomes hardly more, in communism, than a depersonalized cog in the turning wheel of the state.
This deprecation of individual freedom was objectionable to me. I am convinced now, as I was then, that man is an end because he is a child of God. Man is not made for the state; the state is made for man. To deprive man of freedom is to relegate him to the status of a thing, rather than elevate him to the status of a person. Man must never be treated as means to the end of the state; but always as an end within himself.
Martin Luther King Jr., *Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story* (New York: Harper and Row, 1957), 92-93
Dont forget that the above was written in 1957, a period in which the oppressions of the Soviet Union are painfully evident, evidenced by the brutal repression of the Hungarian uprising in 1956. At the time Stride toward Freedom was written, domestic attitudes toward communism could not have been more hostile. Toward the end of Dr. Martin Luther Kings life, the counterculture revolution of the sixties and the leftist tinted civil rights movement made favorable considerations of communism generally more palatable.
While Martin Luther King Day should be one of reflection and appreciation for what has been accomplished, and a reckoning of what still needs to be done, it should also be a day of understanding, in terms clear of emotionally driven rhetoric, where the civil rights movement went wrong. A major key to this understanding, I would contend, is the destructive effects that communist ideas and outright infiltration has had on the African-American community. Communists tried to use African-Americans as cannon fodder by stoking hatred and racial division. A predominantly white left-wing establishment promoted Black communists in order to preserve an informal system of oppression.
The fact is that he WAS a socialist and that goes to the heart of what went wrong with the civil rights establishment after the legal battles against codified discrimination were won.
I am a black man who has been getting calluses on my dome from butting heads with those in my community who refuse to relinquish big government statist solutions for the problems plaguing the black community in favor of free market solutions that are far more appropriate today. These forces frequently cite Dr. King and use his exhortations to government to lead the way. They specifically cite his socialist outlook as justification for their continuance. The two parent black family was destroyed by LBJs welfare state. That was the worst cultural calamity to EVER befall the black community in the US, and the most destructive force in its cultural life notwithstanding the imposition of Jim Crow law via the Supreme Courts Plessy v Fergueson decision. MLK was a leading proponent for expanding the welfare state, whose baleful effects were just beginning to be seen in the black community.
MLK was a man of enormous charisma and courage and certainly a pivotal figure in the civil rights movement. There is much about him that I admire. An assessment of his life could creditably yield the adjective of great. Despite that, he does not deserve to be the ONLY American with his own holiday named after him. That honor should be reserved for only one person in American history, the greatest of all Americans, George Washington. More so than any other SINGLE figure in our history, he was the indispensable man. Without his courage, acumen, honor, and integrity, the US would simply not exist, and if it did, it probably would have been as a monarchy and certainly not as a constitutional republic.
MLKs birthday holiday was a sop to PC and a reflection of the DemocRAT Congress that voted it. The depth of MLKs association with the most anti-freedom ideology (Communism) of our time will prove to very embarrassing when it is fully revealed. Additionally, MLKs legacy to the modern day civil rights movement is a socialist bequeathment that of looking to big government solutions for many of the behavioral problems in todays black community. MLK continues to cast a long shadow over most of the modern day civil rights establishment and black politicians who largely reject free market, educationally based solutions to the unique problems plaguing the black community.
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