"And now the archaeologists are reaching a conclusion that the Gujarat culture predated Harappa by at least 1,000 years. "
That's my opinion.
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The GGG Digest -- Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)
Parpula's two volumes of photographs covering the collections of India and Pakistan, which appeared in 1987 and 1991... and his 1994 sign list, containing 386 signs (as against Mahadevan's 419 signs), are generally recognized as fine achievements, not least by Mahadevan... This is a significant figure. It is too high for a syllabary like Linear B... and too low for a highly logographic script like Chinese. the nearest comparison... are probably the Hittite hieroglyphs with about 500 signs and Sumerian cuneiform with perhaps 600+ signs... Most scholars therefore agree that the Indus script is likely to be a logosyllabic script like its west Asian contemporaries. [pp 281-284]
These Dravidian speakers are presumably remnants of a once-widespread Dravidian culture submerged by encroaching Indo-Aryans in the 2nd millennium BC... The Indo-Aryan hymns, the Vedas... recount tales of conquest of the forts of the dark-skinned Dasa or Dasyu... the Vedas repeatedly mention the horse in their descriptions of warfare and sacrifice, and this animal was clearly a vital part of Indo-Aryan society... But there is not horse imagery at all in the Indus Valley civilization and virtually no horse remains have been found by archaeologists. Hence the Indus civilizations is unlikely to have been Indo-Aryan. [pp 290-291]
Robinson mentions "a substantial inscription found at Dholavira near the coast of Kutch in 1990, which appears to have been a kind of sign board for the city." [p 295]
The Enigma Of The World's Undeciphered Scripts
by Andrew Robinson
Uncracked Ancient CodesSanskrit and early Dravidian, the ancient languages of India, seem to be the keys to deciphering the highly challenging script of the Indus Valley civilization of the third millennium b.c. in what is now Pakistan and northwest India. As with other languages, a photographic corpus of drawings, a sign list and a concordance must be compiled before decipherment will be possible. Work has proceeded along these lines for inscriptions on some 3,700 objects from the Indus Valley, most of them seal stones with very brief inscriptions (the longest has only 26 characters)... Robinson's descriptions of such analysis, and his accounts of both successful and unsuccessful decoding attempts, are clear, provocative and stimulating.
by William C. West
(Lost Languages reviewed)
Updated on Wednesday, May 18, 2005 9:44:27 PM
Archaeology chief blamed for Harappa mess:-
Islamabad | May 16, 2005 1:41:46 PM IST
Islamabad, May 16 : The head of Pakistan's archaeology department has been blamed for a controversial amusement park being established adjacent to the ruins of the 5,000-year-old Harappa civilisation, work on which has been halted after a public outcry.
Holding Director General Archaeology Fazal Dad Kakar responsible for issuing a no objection certificate for the park, Culture Minister Ajmal Khan has warned that anyone "misguiding" the ministry on the issue would be punished, The News reported Monday.
Work on the park was halted after diggings in the area threw up new discoveries of priceless 5,000-year-old objects.
The discoveries at one of the world's most ancient cities, about 180 km from Lahore, include statues of gods and goddesses, toys, wheels, pottery and bangles.
The park was being set up at the instance of National Assembly member Azizullah Khan, who is the chairman of the parliament's standing committee on culture and tourism. Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz had granted Rs. 10 million for the project.
Prominent Pakistani historian and archaeologist Ahmed Hasan Dani had first rung the alarm bells against the project.
"Please spare the 5,000-year-old ruins of one of the first cities of the world, " he pleaded in a letter to Khan earlier this month. Khan also holds the sports and tourism portfolios.
The project would only bring Pakistan a bad name at the international level, Dani contended.
The culture minister then ordered a resurvey of the project and Kakar visited the site.
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