Skip to comments.Visitors kept away from Hawaii volcano (55-acre lava delta collapse imminent?)
Posted on 12/19/2006 1:46:04 PM PST by NormsRevenge
VOLCANO, Hawaii - Visitors to one of the world's most active volcanoes are being kept hundreds of feet away from a 55-acre lava delta that authorities believe may soon collapse into the Pacific Ocean.
Eruption-watchers from the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory on Monday reported lava continuing to flow into the ocean off the west side and tip of the expanding black delta, while small breakouts of lava from higher up the slopes of Kilauea Volcano were described as "resembling a string of holiday lights."
Kilauea, star attraction of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, has been luring thousands of visitors each week to its ongoing eruption since 1983. Some are treated to spectacular displays as molten lava spews into the ocean, but these days most are missing the show, partly because of the long hikes to the best viewpoints and the danger of collapsing lava.
The flow repeatedly builds up and then takes away land from Hawaii's slowly expanding Big Island. Rather than blowing its top, Kilauea's ongoing eruption pushes molten lava through a network of tubes under the thin lava crust.
The thin lava delta is the largest buildup of unstable land extending from Kilauea out into the ocean since the marathon eruption began, according to volcanologists.
Some predict the next giant lava collapse could be bigger than the rapid crumbling of 44 acres over 4 1/2 hours on Nov. 28, 2005. That collapse brought down a section of sea cliff and sent molten rock and boulders rocketing into the air.
But Jim Kauahikaua, head of the observatory, said the bench could continue to crumble away a few acres at a time rather than collapsing all at once.
Because of the danger even on supposedly solid ground, park officials have put up a rope barrier 300 to 600 feet back from the edge of the new lava delta. No one was injured in the 2005 collapse, but a park visitor was killed in 1993 when lava he was standing on cracked away into the ocean.
While up to 900 people a day visit the sprawling park, only a few dozen a day make the three-mile trek out to the edge of the unstable lava bench, said park ranger Rob Eli.
"It's a difficult, long hike" that can take as long as five hours back and forth from the park's lava-blocked Chain of Craters Road, Eli said.
The unstable lava delta is constantly changing as hardened lava piles up on the slope of the volcano that extends to the ocean floor. Offshore information on the terrain is scarce, said Kauahikaua.
Lava hitting the water at 2,200 degrees forms a rough and unstable mass of lava, rock and sand. It doesn't become a relatively smooth, paving-like surface until the lava builds up above the water, according to scientists.
In a big collapse, the unstable buildup under the delta as well as the huge billows of steam set off by lava hitting the cool water pose a danger to anyone along the shore.
Rangers warn visitors to make a plan for their visit and check the latest reports on dangerous areas.
Meanwhile, a worrisome three-year swelling of Kilauea seems to have ended, according to scientists monitoring instruments at the observatory.
Some suggest a powerful Oct. 15 earthquake may have relieved pressure inside the volcano that some speculated could lead to a more violent eruption at some point.
Generally, the steady flow of lava in Kilauea's long-running eruption has caused the volcano to deflate, but the inflation that started in 2003 came with an increased lava flow.
In this Nov. 8, 2006 photo provided by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, the lava bench at East Laeapuki, Hawaii, is shown. Visitors to one of the world's most active volcanoes are being kept hundreds of feet away from a 55-acre lava delta that authorities believe may soon collapse into the Pacific Ocean. (AP Photo/USGS via The Star-Bulletin)
It's a theme...
In this Nov. 8, 2006 photo provided by the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, steam is seen rising from several sites as lava enters the ocean at East Laeapuki, Hawaii. Visitors to one of the world's most active volcanoes are being kept hundreds of feet away from a 55-acre lava delta that authorities believe may soon collapse into the Pacific Ocean. (AP Photo/USGS via The Star-Bulletin)
Cool pictures. But this happens all the time.
Has anybody ever captured the flowing lava, and molded it into useful shapes? Seems like it could be done, and worth while.
looks like a great place to jump up and down..
Hmmmm, this says Kilauea was swelling. I read that what had people worried was Mauna Loa swelling, which could be very bad news if it erupted again. Lava headed toward Hilo not long ago.
Yes, I have a lava football factory. They're very durable although the placekickers hate them for some reason.
Saw something on National Geogrhic channel on that, some lava sculptor or such.
But, you'd best leave any resulting art on the islands. you do not mess with Pele. Had my own possible warning from her.
LOL. yet, artwork created from flowing lava - I could see a market for that.
Some clown put a sign up over there on the lava saying, "buy lots now, soon to be beach frontage"
There was a weirdo artist that was getting the hot lava and making shapes and sculpures out of it. I saw some of them and they didn't really look like anything you could identify, it was just that they were shaped out of living lava.
It's been attempted, but don't get caught by the law or Godess Pele...bad things are known to happen if you remove "rocks/lava" from sacred places or federal recreation areas.
Love to see it, if you have a link.
I was thinking more like, could you dip a smelting bucket in it, pour it in a mold, and cast a keystone for a building? I dunno, just an idea.
I suspect the feds are the bigger danger.
I wonder if these delta collapses cause noticeable tsunamis?
Lava is incredibly dangerous. It's not quite as hot as molten steel, but the Hawaiian lava is around 2000 degrees Farenheit. It's theoretically possible to make some alloy molds to shape it into footballs or other useful items, but it would be a challenge.
Thought it was the summit of Mauna Loa swelling, but could be wrong. Kilauea is technically part of ML after all.
You could put it in a McDonald's coffee cup.
What? And cool the coffee off??
Quick search did not turn up anything, could be wrong about it being on NG channel. Recall two different lava shapers, one who stuck a pole into it and did things to shape it, and another that made impressions of faces. I am not liking the idea of graffiti on Pele's work. Bad juju, besides being tacky.
Lava on the surface tends to forma soft, useless rock that isn't all that useful for contruction. Concrete poured in that same mold would work better. Harder granitic rocks have to be formed under incredible pressure, and almost exclusively form deep under ground.
Hey, hold my bucket of lava for a minute, would ya?
But concrete would not have the provenance...People would pay for this, I think.
It was a fun hike until we saw a 3m glowing red crack in the rocks about 100 from us. Then we got nervous as to how stable (or not) the hardened lava was underfoot, so we headed back!
I hiked out there this past summer. We got a lesson in geology and sociology.
The best time to see the lava flowing in the ocean is at dusk. The red pieces of lava float on the waves and shoot up impressive flames and smoke. Pieces of lava break off the cliff wall, causing explosive reactions. From the top of the cliff, it was a safe show.
The sociological part came when it was time to hike back. Imagine a three hour hike in the dark over uneven lava with crevices and ups and downs and all kinds of tripping hazards. Furthermore, if you fall, it will cut you like glass.
No trail exists. The park does put out beacons so you don't fall off any cliffs.
My wife and I had hiked out alone, but about 40 or so people were there. We found a family of four and hiked back with them. We called out obstacles as we reached them, and then had each person repeat the warning as they passed. "Crevice!" the first person would shout, followed by the second person, and so forth. I consider this a common-sense approach when doing such risky hiking. We got everyone back home without injury.
None of the other groups followed our example. Two other groups had injuries from falls. One woman who was in our group set out on her own, which was truly insane. We saw people walking in flip-flops, or carrying one flashlight for two people. People really need to understand outdoor dangers before doing this kind of thing.
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Yeah. And I'd like to see a pic of the new DemoRat leadership singing some "Winter Holiday" songs on that as well!
Maybe someone could like, you know, forge some rings and then make one ring to bind them all.