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Today is National Chili Day!
History of Chili, Chili Con Carne ^ | 25 Feb 2010 | Linda Stradley

Posted on 02/25/2010 6:13:28 AM PST by COBOL2Java

The only thing certain about the origins of chili is that it did not originate in Mexico. Charles Ramsdell, a writer from San Antonio in an article called San Antonio: An Historical and Pictorial Guide, wrote:

"Chili, as we know it in the U.S., cannot be found in Mexico today except in a few spots which cater to tourists. If chili had come from Mexico, it would still be there. For Mexicans, especially those of Indian ancestry, do not change their culinary customs from one generation, or even from one century, to another."
If there is any doubt about what the Mexicans think about chili, the Diccionario de Mejicanismos, published in 1959, defines chili con carne as (roughly translated):
“detestable food passing itself off as Mexican, sold in the U.S. from Texas to New York.”

17th Century

Chili Legends and Myths

Where does a legend begin and how does it become part of history? Could some of what we say is history actually be a legend? You be the judge!

There are many legends and stories about where chili originated and it is generally thought, by most historians, that the earliest versions of chili were made by the very poorest people. J. C. Clopper, the first American known to have remarked about San Antonio's chili carne, wrote in 1926:

"When they have to pay for their meat in the market, a very little is made to suffice for a family; this is generally into a kind of hash with nearly as many peppers as there are pieces of meat - this is all stewed together."
According to an old Southwestern American Indian legend and tale (several modern writer have documented - or maybe just "passed along") it is said that the first recipe for chili con carne was put on paper in the 17th century by a beautiful nun, Sister Mary of Agreda of Spain. She was mysteriously known to the Indians of the Southwest United States as "La Dama de Azul," the lady in blue. Sister Mary would go into trances with her body lifeless for days. When she awoke from these trances, she said her spirit had been to a faraway land where she preached Christianity to savages and counseled them to seek out Spanish missionaries.
It is certain that Sister Mary never physically left Spain, yet Spanish missionaries and King Philip IV of Spain believed that she was the ghostly "La Dama de Azul" or "lady in blue" of Indian Legend. It is said that sister Mary wrote down the recipe for chili which called for venison or antelope meat, onions, tomatoes, and chile peppers. No accounts of this were ever recorded, so who knows?

18th Century

1731 - On March 9, 1731, a group of sixteen families (56 persons) arrived from the Canary Islands at Bexar, the villa of San Fernando de Béxar (now know as the city of San Antonio). They had emigrated to Texas from the Spanish Canary Islands by order of King Philip V. of Spain. The King of Spain felt that colonization would help cement Spanish claims to the region and block France's westward expansion from Louisiana.

These families founded San Antonio’s first civil government which became the first municipality in the Spanish province of Texas. According to historians, the women made a spicy “Spanish” stew that is similar to chili.


19th Century

Some Spanish priests were said to be wary of the passion inspired by chile peppers, assuming they were aphrodisiacs. A few preached sermons against indulgence in a food which they said was almost as "hot as hell's brimstone" and "Soup of the Devil." The priest's warning probably contributed to the dish's popularity.

1850 - Records were found by Everrette DeGolyer (1886-1956), a Dallas millionaire and a lover of chili, indicating that the first chili mix was concocted around 1850 by Texan adventurers and cowboys as a staple for hard times when traveling to and in the California gold fields and around Texas. Needing hot grub, the trail cooks came up with a sort of stew. They pounded dried beef, fat, pepper, salt, and the chile peppers together into stackable rectangles which could be easily rehydrated with boiling water. This amounted to "brick chili" or "chili bricks" that could be boiled in pots along the trail. DeGolyer said that chili should be called "chili a la Americano" because the term chili is generic in Mexico and simply means a hot pepper. He believed that chili con carne began as the "pemmican of the Southwest."

It is said that some trail cooks planted pepper seeds, oregano, and onions in mesquite patches (to protect them from foraging cattle) to use on future trail drives. It is thought that the chile peppers used in the earliest dishes were probably chilipiquín0, which grow wild on bushes in Texas, particularly the southern part of the state.

There was another group of Texans known as "Lavanderas," or "Washerwoman," that followed around the 19th-century armies of Texas making a stew of goat meat or venison, wild marjoram and chile peppers.

1860 - Residents of the Texas prisons in the mid to late 1800s also lay claim to the creation of chili. They say that the Texas version of bread and water (or gruel) was a stew of the cheapest available ingredients (tough beef that was hacked fine and chiles and spices that was boiled in water to an edible consistency). The "prisoner's plight" became a status symbol of the Texas prisons and the inmates used to rate jails on the quality of their chili. The Texas prison system made such good chili that freed inmates often wrote for the recipe, saying what they missed most after leaving was a really good bowl of chili.

1881 - William Gerard Tobin (1833-1884), former Texas Ranger, hotel proprietor, and an advocate of Texas-type Mexican food, negotiated with the United States government to sell canned chili to the army and navy. In 1884, he organized a venture with the Range Canning Company at Fort McKavett, Texas to make chili from goat meat. Tobin's death, a few days after the canning operation had started, ended further development and the venture failed.

1893 - The Texas chili went national when Texas set up a San Antonio Chili Stand at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

1895 - Lyman T. Davis of Corsicana, Texas made chili that he sold from the back of a wagon for five cents a bowl with all the crackers you wanted. He later opened a meat market where he sold his chili in brick form, using the brand name of Lyman's Famous Home Made Chili. In 1921, he started to can chili in the back of his market and named it after his pet wolf, Kaiser Bill and called it Wolf Brand Chili (a picture of the wolf is still used on the label today).

In 1924, Davis quit the chili business when his ranch was found to have lots of oil. He sold his operations to J. C. West and Fred Slauson, two Corsicana businessmen. To draw attention to the Wolf Brand Chili, the new owners had Model T Ford trucks with cabs shaped like chili cans and painted to resemble the Wolf Brand label. A live wolf was caged in the back of each truck. Today the company is owned by Stokley-Van Camp in Dallas, Texas.


Chili Queens

1880s - San Antonio was a wide-open town (a cattle town, a railroad town, and an army town) and by day a municipal food market and by night a wild and open place. An authoritative early account is provided in an article published in the July 1927 issue of Frontier Times. In this article, Frank H. Bushick, San Antonio Commissioner of Taxation, reminisces about the Chili Queens and their origin at Military Plaza before they were moved to Market Square in 1887. According to Bushick:

"The chili stand and chili queens are peculiarities, or unique institutions, of the Alamo City. They started away back there when the Spanish army camped on the plaza. They were started to feed the soldiers. Every class of people in every station of life patronized them in the old days. Some were attracted by the novelty of it, some by the cheapness. A big plate of chili and beans, with a tortilla on the side, cost a dime. A Mexican bootblack and a silk-hatted tourist would line up and eat side by side, [each] unconscious or oblivious of the other."
Latino women nicknamed "Chili Queens" sold stew they called "chili" made with dried red chiles and beef from open-air stalls at the Military Plaza Mercado. They made their chili at home, loaded it onto colorful chili wagons, and transported the wagons and chili to the plaza. They build mesquite fires on the square to keep the chili warm, lighted their wagons with colored lanterns, and squatted on the ground beside the cart, dishing out chili to customers who sat on wooden stools to eat their fiery stew. In those days, the world "chili" referred strictly to the pepper. They served a variation of simple, chile-spiked dishes (tamales, tortillas, chili con carne, and enchiladas). A night was not considered complete without a visit to one of these "chili queens."

1937 - In 1937 they were put out of business due to their inability to conform to sanitary standards enforced in the town's restaurants (public officials objected to flies and poorly washed dishes). Unable to provide laatorial facilities, they disappeared overnight. The following is reprinted from the San Antonio Light of September 12, 1937:

Recent action of the city health department in ordering removal from Haymarket square of the chili queens and their stands brought an end to a 200-year-old tradition. The chili queens made their first appearance a couple of centuries back after a group of Spanish soldiers camped on what is now the city hall site and gave the place the name, Military Plaza. At one time the chili queens had stands on Military, Haymarket and Alamo plazas but years ago the city confined them to Haymarket plaza. According to Tax Commissioner Frank Bushick, a contemporary and a historian of those times, the greatest of all the queens was no Mexican but an American named Sadie. Another famous queen was a senorita named Martha who later went on the stage. Writing men like Stephen Crane and O. Henry were impressed enough to immortalize the queens in their writings. With the disappearance from the plaza of the chili stands, the troubadors who roamed the plaza for years also have disappeared into the night. Some of the chili queens have simply gone out of business. Others, like Mrs. Eufemia Lopez and her daughters, Juanita and Esperanza Garcia, have opened indoor cafes elsewhere. But henceforth the San Antonio visitor must forego his dining on chili al fresco.
They were restored by Mayor Maury Maverick in 1939, but their stands were closed again shortly after the start of World War II.

1930s - During the 1980s, San Antonio began staging what they call "historic re-enactments" of the chili queens. As an tribute to chili, the state dish, the city of San Antonio holds an annual "Return of the Chili Queens Festival" in Market Square during the Memorial Day celebrations in May, sponsored by the El Mercado Merchants.


Chili Powder

Chili historians are not exactly certain who first "invented" chili powder. It is agreed that the inventors of chili powder deserve a slot in history close to Alfred Nobel (1933-1896), inventor of dynamite.

DeWitt Clinton Pendery:

1890s - The Fort Worth chili buffs give credit to DeWitt Clinton Pendery. Pendery arrived in Fort Worth, Texas in 1870. It is said that local cowboys jeered his elegant appearance (he was wearing a long frock coat and a tall silk hat) as he stepped onto the dusty street. It is also said that he was initiated into the town by a bullet whipping through his coat. He casually collected his belongings and continued on his way, earning immediate popular respect.

By 1890, after his grocery store burned down, he started selling his own unique blend of chiles to cafes, hotels, and citizens under the name of Mexican Chili Supply Company. Pendery's products are still sold today by members of his family. Pendery wrote of the medicinal benefits of his condiments and its acclamation from physicians: selling his own brand of "Chiltomaline" powder to cafes and hotels in the early 1890s

"The health giving properties of hot chile peppers have no equal. They give tone to the alimentary canal regulating the functions, giving a natural appetite and promoting health by action of the kidneys, skin and lymphatics."

William Gebhardt:

1894 -San Antonio buffs swear that chili powder was invented by William Gebhardt, a German immigrant in New Braunfels, Texas (near the town of San Antonio). Gebhardt ran the Phoenix Cafe, attached to his buddy's saloon, now called the Phoenix Saloon.

According to the The New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung newspaper article (Phoenix Saloon Back in Business), February 19, 2010:
The Phoenix Saloon was reputedly the first bar in Texas to serve women, though not wanting to taint their reputation; female patrons would sit in the beer garden and ring a bell for service. . . There was a deer pen, an alligator pit and ring for fighting badgers at the original Phoenix Saloon. There was even a parrot sitting on a perch by the front door that was taught to say, "Have you paid your bill?" in German. . . A multitude of proprietors ran the saloon until Prohibition forced it to close on June 26, 1918.
During this era, chile peppers were only available after the summer harvest, as chili was only a seasonal food. Gebhardt solved the problem of availability by importing Mexican ancho chiles from farmers in far-off San Luis Potosi, a Mexican town more than 500 miles to the south, so that he could serve chili year-round. His orders for chile peppers were always large because he had to stock up on a full year's supply and then figure out how to store thousands of chilie pods.

William Gebhardt spent years perfecting the spices for the chili he served in his cafe. At first, Gebhardt ran the chile peppers through a home meat grinder three times. Later, according to a description of the time, Gebhardt "concocted a chili powder in a crude mill by grinding chile peppers, cumin seed, oregano, and black pepper through an old hammer mill, feeding a little of this and a little of that to the mill." What came out was put in little-necked bottles and then packed in a box for retail trade."

At first he called his chili powder "Tampico Dust". In 1896, he changed the name to Gebhardt's Eagle Brand Chili Powder. In 1896, William Gebhardt opened a factory in San Antonio and was producing five cases of chili powder a week, which he sold from the back of his wagon as he drove through town. He was also an inventor, and eventually patented thirty-seven machines for his factory. By 1899, Gebhardt had trademarked his Eagle Chili Powder.

In 1923, Gebhardt produced a small 32-page cookery pamphlet on Mexican-American cookery called Mexican Cookery for American Homes. This pamphlet was so successful that new editions of it were regularly published through the 1950s. In addition to recipes, the booklet proposed sample menus that included Gebhardt products into otherwise mainstream meals.

In 1960, the company was acquired by Beatrice Foods (now owned by ConAgra Food, Inc.) and is now known as Gebhardt Mexican Foods Company. The blend today is unchanged and is still one of the most popular brands used.


20th Century

Chili Joints

Around the turn of the century, chili joints appeared in Texas. By the 1920s, they were familiar all over the West, and by the depression years, there was hardly a town that didn't have a chili parlor. The chili joints were usually no more than a shed or a room with a counter and some stools. Usually a blanket was hung up to separate the kitchen.

By the depression years, the chili joints meant the difference between starvation and staying alive. Chili was cheap and crackers were free. At the time, chili was said to have saved more people from starvation than the Red Cross. The Dictionary of American Regional English describes chili joints as: "A small cheap restaurant, particularly one that served poor quality food."


Cincinnati Chili

Cincinnati Style Chili

Cincinnati style chili is quite different from its more familiar Texas cousin. It is unique to the Cincinnati area.

1922 - The Cincinnati Style Chili was created in 1922 by a Macedonian immigrant, Tom (Athanas) Kiradjieff. He settled in Cincinnati with his brother, John, and opened a hot dog stand with Greek food called the Empress, only to do a lousy business because nobody there at the time knew anything about Greek food. So, it is said, that they called their spaghetti chili.

He created a chili made with Middle Eastern spices which could be served a variety of ways. His "five-way" was a concoction of a mound of spaghetti topped with chili, then with chopped onion, then red kidney beans, then shredded yellow cheese, and served with oyster crackers and a side order of hot dogs topped with shredded cheese.

Springfield Style Chili

People of Springfield, Illinois take their chili very seriously. They even spell it differently than the rest of the United States. This peculiar spelling of "chilli" in Springfield originated with the founder of the Dew Chilli Parlor.

1909 - Legend has it that the Dew’s owner, Dew Brockman, quibbled with his sign painter over the spelling and won after noting that the dictionary spelled it both ways. Other folks believe the spelling matches the first four letters in Illinois.

At one time, there were more than a dozen chilli parlors and even more taverns and local cooks who served this version of chili.

1993 - Illinois State Senator Karen Harasa introduced Senate Joint Resolution No. 89 in the Illinois General Assembly. This resolution, which was passed unanimously by both houses of the Legislature, proclaimed Illinois as the "Chilli Capital of the Civilized World" and recognized that the spelling is C-H-I-L-L-I. The Governor was further "authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of Illinois to commemorate this designation with appropriate celebrations." Naturally this outrages Texans!

Chasen's Chili

Chasen's Restaurant in Hollywood, California probably made the most famous chili. The owner of the restaurant, Dave Chasen (1899-1973), ex-vaudeville performer, kept the recipe a secret, entrusting it to no one.

1936 to 2000 - For years, he came to the restaurant every Sunday to privately cook up a batch, which he would freeze for the week, believing that the chili was best when reheated. "It is a kind of bastard chili" was all that Dave Chasen would divulge.

Chauffeurs and studio people, actors and actresses would come to the back door of Chasen's to buy and pick up the chili by the quart. Other famous people craved this chili such as comedian and actor Jack Benny (1894-1974) who ordered it by the quart. J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972), former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), who considered it the best chili in the world, and Eleanor Roosevelt (1894-1962) wife of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, sought the recipe but was refused (a complimentary order was dispatched to her instead). It is said that Chasen's also send chili to movie actor Clark Gable (1901-1960), when he was in the hospital (he reportedly had it for dinner the night he died). During the filming of the movie Cleopatra in Rome, Italy, famous movie star, Elizabeth Taylor, had Chasen's Restaurant in Hollywood, California send 10 quarts of their famous chili to her. She supposedly paid $200 to have it shipped to her in Rome.

The original Chasen's restaurant closed in April of 1995, and the new Chasen's on Cañon Drive closed permanently in April of 2000.

Chili Competitions - Chili Cook Offs

So passionate are chili lovers that they hold competitions (some local, some international). One organization is the Chili Appreciation Society International which has approximately 50 "pods" or clubs in the United States and Canada and supports over 400 sanctioned chili cook offs involving thousands of participants each year. Chili competitions are held on a circuit each year (much like the system used for tennis and golf competitions).

1952 - Most present day historians write that the first World's Chili Championship was the 1967 cook-off in Terlingua, Texas (see 1967 below). Ranger Bob Ritchey of Texas proved this theory wrong. He researched and found several newspaper articles about the 1952 Texas State Fair Chili Championship. On October 5, 1952, headlines of The Daily Times Herald of Dallas, Texas said "Woman Wins But Men Do Well in Chili Event."

On October 5, 1952 at the Texas State Fair in Dallas, Texas. Mrs. F. G. Ventura of Dallas won the Texas State Fair contest and her recipe was declared the "Official State Fair of Texas Chili Recipe" and first ever "World Champion Chili Cook." Mrs. Ventura held her title as World Champions Chili Cook for fifteen years. The event was planned by Joe. E. Cooper (1895-1952), ex-newspaper man, to help promote his newly published book on chili called With or Without Beans - An Informal Biography of Chili. It was a no-holds-barred affair as to ingredients, except that beans could not be used. The contestants numbered fifty-five with five judges. Joe E. Cooper is quoted as saying: "Besides that, it'll take a lot of judges because after the first two or three spoonfuls of good, hot Texas-style chili, the fine edge wears off even an expert chili judge's taste buds... It'll be a hot job but one that no true Texan will shirk."

Unfortunately Joe. E. Cooper never lived to see how popular chili cook-offs would become. He died three months later on December 12, 1952.

1967 - The most famous and well known chili cook-off took place in 1967 in Terlingua, Texas. Terlingua was once a thriving mercury-mining town of 5,000 people and it is the most remote site your can choose as it is not close to any major city and the nearest commercial airport is almost 279 miles away. Just getting to Terlingua requires a major effort. It was a two-man cook-off between Texas chili champ Homer "Wick" Fowler (1909-1972), a Dallas and Denton newspaper reporter, and H. Allen Smith (1906-1976), New York humorist and author, which ended in a tie.

The cook-off challenge started when H. Allen Smith wrote a story for the August 1967 Holiday Magazine titled Nobody Knows More About Chili Than I Do, which claimed that no one in Texas could make proper chili. Smith contended that ". . . no living man, I repeat, can put together a pot of chili as ambrosial, as delicately and zestfully flavorful, as the chili I make." His article included his recipe for chili that included beans.

Of course, this offended many Texans who would never consider adding beans to their chili. When Frank Tolbert (1912-1984), famous journalist and author of A Bowl of Red, saw Smith's article, he started open warfare in the press with a column he wrote for the Dallas News. A reader suggested that Fowler answer the challenge, which he did. The cook-off competition ended in a tie vote when the tie-breaker judge, Dave Witts, a Dallas lawyer and self-proclaimed mayor of Terlingua, spat out his chili, declaring that his taste buds were "ruint," and said they would have to do the whole thing over again next year.

According to Gary Cartwright, writer for Sports Illustrated, the blindfolded judge number three, David Witts, was given a spoonful of chili which he promptly spit out all over the referee's foot. "Then he went into convulsions. He rammed a white handerkerchief down his throat as though he were cleaning a rifle barrel, and in an agonizing whisper Witts pronounced himself unable to go on."


State Food of Texas

1977 - The chili manufacturers of the state of Texas, successfully lobbied the Texas legislature to have chili proclaimed the official "state food" of Texas "in recognition of the fact that the only real 'bowl of red' is that prepared by Texans."


TOPICS: Culture/Society; News/Current Events; US: Ohio; US: Texas
KEYWORDS: chili
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1 posted on 02/25/2010 6:13:29 AM PST by COBOL2Java
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To: COBOL2Java

2 posted on 02/25/2010 6:15:19 AM PST by sticker
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To: sticker

Related thread...
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2458932/posts


3 posted on 02/25/2010 6:16:58 AM PST by gov_bean_ counter (Sarah Palin - For such a time as this...)
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To: COBOL2Java

This is just a shameless plug for “Big Bean”, isn’t it?


4 posted on 02/25/2010 6:17:18 AM PST by InvisibleChurch (i prefer my-partisan over bi-partisan)
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To: COBOL2Java

Great. Now I’m starving.


5 posted on 02/25/2010 6:19:14 AM PST by La Lydia
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To: COBOL2Java

Memo to restaurants and company cafeterias everywhere...chili is NOT a soup. Quit putting it on the menu as such.


6 posted on 02/25/2010 6:19:36 AM PST by OCCASparky (Obama--Playing a West Wing fantasy in a '24' world.)
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To: COBOL2Java

Cool. Lots of alternate energy production today.


7 posted on 02/25/2010 6:20:00 AM PST by Seruzawa (If you agree with the French raise your hand - If you are French raise both hands.)
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To: COBOL2Java

OOPS! GLOBAL WARMING GASES WILL BE ESPECIALLY ABUNDANT TODAY .....AND TOMORROW.................


8 posted on 02/25/2010 6:20:49 AM PST by Red Badger (Education makes people easy to lead, difficult to drive; easy to govern, but impossible to enslave.)
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To: COBOL2Java; Andy'smom; bradactor; politicalwit; Spunky; mplsconservative; boadecelia; freeangel; ...
FOODIE PING!
9 posted on 02/25/2010 6:21:40 AM PST by Diana in Wisconsin (Save the Earth. It's the only planet with chocolate.)
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To: COBOL2Java

Best Chili in the world, Joe Rogers (The Den) in Springfield, IL. If you get there, eat the Fire Brand and hold on.


10 posted on 02/25/2010 6:23:36 AM PST by Pit1
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To: COBOL2Java

Can I get this on tape to listen to in the car... can’t digest at this moment.


11 posted on 02/25/2010 6:23:42 AM PST by dps.inspect
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To: COBOL2Java
For Mexicans, especially those of Indian ancestry, do not change their culinary customs from one generation, or even from one century, to another."

What a ridiculous statement.

12 posted on 02/25/2010 6:31:05 AM PST by svcw (If you are going to quote the Bible know what you are quoting.)
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To: COBOL2Java

If it doesn’t have beans, it’s just a hot dog condiment.

:)


13 posted on 02/25/2010 6:31:28 AM PST by JWinNC (www.anailinhisplace.net)
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To: OCCASparky

That is a brilliant point.


14 posted on 02/25/2010 6:32:01 AM PST by svcw (If you are going to quote the Bible know what you are quoting.)
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To: COBOL2Java

Well the wife is out of town this weekend so I think I’ll cook up a pot of Chili. Just reading this makes my mouth water and my brow sweat.


15 posted on 02/25/2010 6:34:26 AM PST by dblshot (Insanity - electing the same people over and over and expecting different results.)
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To: COBOL2Java

For great Chili, pick a recipe that uses fresh roasted chilis, beer, chunks of meat rather than ground, and no beans. Thems the law. : )


16 posted on 02/25/2010 6:34:42 AM PST by Talisker (When you find a turtle on top of a fence post, you can be damn sure it didn't get there on it's own.)
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To: Diana in Wisconsin; tx_eggman

That ain’t chili in that picture... it’s borracho beans.


17 posted on 02/25/2010 6:35:03 AM PST by SpinnerWebb (mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves)
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To: COBOL2Java

Chilli butt for all.


18 posted on 02/25/2010 6:37:43 AM PST by equalitybeforethelaw
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To: COBOL2Java

19 posted on 02/25/2010 6:39:15 AM PST by paulycy (Demand Constitutionality.)
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To: COBOL2Java
"Hot as hell's brimstone" and "Soup of the Devil" will do just fine--but an aphrodesiac??? No thanks!
20 posted on 02/25/2010 6:40:35 AM PST by Savage Beast (Politicians are corrupt. So-called "journalists" cover-up their corruption.)
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To: COBOL2Java
And today chili has evolved into a vegetarian dish made with olive oil--not greasy and not inducive of arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

21st century cow pokes can stay in the saddle well into their 80s and 90s.

21 posted on 02/25/2010 6:55:51 AM PST by Savage Beast (Politicians are corrupt. So-called "journalists" cover-up their corruption.)
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To: COBOL2Java

The best chile I ever had at an eatery can be found at the Superstition Saloon in Totilla Flat, Ariz. Chili John’s, which has been in Burbank, Calif. since 1946 also serves up a good bowl of red.


22 posted on 02/25/2010 6:58:19 AM PST by Taft in '52
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To: COBOL2Java

When chile meat got too expensive, the fajita was born.

http://www.cookeryonline.com/Tortilla/Fajita.html


23 posted on 02/25/2010 7:03:59 AM PST by shiva
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To: COBOL2Java

Bookmark for later.

I would tend to go with the idea that cowboys popularized chili.


24 posted on 02/25/2010 7:04:26 AM PST by smokingfrog (You can't ignore your boss and expect to keep your job... WWW.filipthishouse2010.com)
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To: COBOL2Java

Break for LUNCH!!!!!


25 posted on 02/25/2010 7:04:43 AM PST by lrb111 (resist)
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To: COBOL2Java

I thought “chili” originated with the Aztecs where they stewed limbs from human sacrifices (the captor was entitled to one limb from his sacrifice) with chili peppers and tomatoes.


26 posted on 02/25/2010 7:08:25 AM PST by Little Ray (Madame President sounds really good to me...)
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BTTT for later


27 posted on 02/25/2010 7:11:45 AM PST by Constitution Day (Get over it.)
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To: COBOL2Java
This resolution, which was passed unanimously by both houses of the Legislature, proclaimed Illinois as the "Chilli Capital of the Civilized World" and recognized that the spelling is C-H-I-L-L-I.

Isn't that cute. They are WRONG!

28 posted on 02/25/2010 7:13:36 AM PST by Constitution Day (Get over it.)
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To: OCCASparky
Chili Soup

makes 3 gallons

Butter, 6 oz
Ground Beef, 6 oz
Green Pepper, chopped, 10 oz
Onion, chopped, 1 lb 6 oz
Chili Powder, 1/2 oz
Curry Powder, 1 Tb
Garlic, crushed, 1 clove

Cook combined previous ingredients until meat is browned.

Beef Stock, 1-1/2 gal
Tomatoe puree, 2 qt
Salt, 1/2 oz
Pepper, 1/4 tsp
sugar, 2 oz
Worcherstershire Sauce, 1 Tb

Add to first ingredients, bring to boil, cover and simmer for 2 hours.

Flour, 6 oz
Water, cold, 3 cups

Mix well and add to soup. Simmer 15 minutes.

6 lbs. Kidney Beans, canned, drained

Add to soup, bring up to serving temperature.

29 posted on 02/25/2010 7:17:22 AM PST by kitchen (One battle rifle for each person, and a spare for each pair.)
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To: COBOL2Java


30 posted on 02/25/2010 7:19:09 AM PST by GreenLanternCorps ("Barack Obama" is Swahili for "Jimmy Carter".)
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To: kitchen

Chili powder ain’t chili


31 posted on 02/25/2010 7:23:15 AM PST by AppyPappy (If you aren't part of the solution, there is good money to be made prolonging the problem.)
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To: COBOL2Java; Diana in Wisconsin; SouthTexas; NYTexan

Chili Ping ta y’all..


32 posted on 02/25/2010 7:23:57 AM PST by tubebender (Thanks to all the Patriots who support Free Republic financially...)
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To: COBOL2Java

For all you chili fans, try using ground venison.
Good stuff.


33 posted on 02/25/2010 7:34:08 AM PST by Texas resident (Hunkered Down)
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To: GreenLanternCorps
better photo...


34 posted on 02/25/2010 7:42:28 AM PST by GreenLanternCorps ("Barack Obama" is Swahili for "Jimmy Carter".)
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To: La Lydia
"Great. Now I’m starving."

Ohhhhh so am I and I have no kitchen yet. I'm remodeling and using a dilapidated microwave in the garage.
This will be my last week of no counters, no cabinets, no sink, no disposal, no cook top, and no ovens. :-) YIPPEE!!!

But I love chili!!!!! I have eaten it for breakfast before. :-)

35 posted on 02/25/2010 7:49:25 AM PST by LadyPilgrim ((Lifted up was He to die; It is finished was His cry; Hallelujah what a Savior!!!!!! ))
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To: tubebender

I’m already here, Tubey! You can find me on ANY food thread, LOL! :)


36 posted on 02/25/2010 7:52:41 AM PST by Diana in Wisconsin (Save the Earth. It's the only planet with chocolate.)
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To: LadyPilgrim

You can make good chili on a Coleman camp stove.


37 posted on 02/25/2010 7:54:32 AM PST by La Lydia
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To: COBOL2Java

Hey big H. How is it going?


38 posted on 02/25/2010 7:54:45 AM PST by bmwcyle (Free the Navy Seals)
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To: COBOL2Java

Since no one else has posted this yet, I will.


Subject: The Chili Cookoff

Recently I was honored to be selected as an Outstanding Famous Celebrity in Texas, to be a judge at a chili cook-off because no one else wanted to do it. Also the original person called in sick at the last moment and I happened to be standing there at the judge’s table asking directions to the beer wagon when the call came. I was assured by the other two judges that the chili wouldn’t be all that spicy and, besides, they told me I could have free beer during the tasting, so I accepted this as being one of those burdens you endure when you’re an internet writer and therefore known and adored by all.

Here are the scorecards from the event:

Chili # 1: Mike’s Maniac Mobster Monster Chili

JUDGE ONE: A little too heavy on tomato. Amusing kick.

JUDGE TWO: Nice, smooth tomato flavor. Very mild.

FRANK: Holy smokes, what is this stuff? You could remove dried paint from your driveway with it. Took me two beers to put the flames out. Hope that’s the worst one. These people are crazy.

Chili # 2: Arthur’s Afterburner Chili

JUDGE ONE: Smoky (barbecue?) with a hint of pork. Slight Jalapeno tang.

JUDGE TWO: Exciting BBQ flavor, needs more peppers to be taken seriously.

FRANK: Keep this out of reach of children! I’m not sure what I am supposed to taste besides pain. I had to wave off two people who wanted to give me the Heimlich maneuver. Shoved my way to the front of the beer line.

Chili # 3: Fred’s Famous Burn Down the Barn Chili

JUDGE ONE: Excellent firehouse chili! Great kick. Too much bean flavor.

JUDGE TWO: A heavy bean flavored chili, a bit salty, good use of red peppers.

FRANK: This has got to be a joke. Call the EPA, I’ve located a uranium spill. My nose feels like I have been sneezing Drano. Everyone knows the routine by now and got out of my way so I could make it to the beer wagon. Barmaid pounded me on the back; now my backbone is in the front part of my chest.

Chili # 4: Bubba’s Black Magic

JUDGE ONE: Black bean chili with almost no spice. Disappointing.

JUDGE TWO: Hint of lime in the black beans. Good side dish for fish or other mild foods, not much of a chili.

FRANK: I felt something scraping across my tongue, but was unable to taste it. Sally, the bar maid, was standing behind me with fresh refills so I wouldn’t have to dash over to see her.

Chili # 5: Linda’s Legal Lip Remover

JUDGE ONE: Meaty, strong chili. Cayenne peppers freshly ground adding considerable kick. Very impressive.

JUDGE TWO: Chili using shredded beef; could use more tomato. Must admit the cayenne peppers make a strong statement.

FRANK: My ears are ringing and I can no longer focus my eyes. I belched and four people in front of me needed paramedics. The contestant seemed hurt when I told her that her chili had given me brain damage. Sally saved my tongue by pouring beer directly on it from a pitcher. Sort of irritates me that one of the other judges asked me to
stop screaming.

Chili # 6: Vera’s Very Vegetarian Variety

JUDGE ONE: Thin yet bold vegetarian variety chili. Good balance of spice and peppers.

JUDGE TWO: The best yet. Aggressive use of peppers, onions, and garlic. Superb.

FRANK: My intestines are now a straight pipe filled with gaseous flames. No one seems inclined to stand behind me except Sally.

Chili # 7: Susan’s Screaming Sensation Chili

JUDGE ONE: A mediocre chili with too much reliance on canned peppers.

JUDGE TWO: Ho Hum, tastes as if the chef threw in canned chili peppers at the last moment. I should note that I am worried about Judge Number 3, he appears to be in a bit of distress.

FRANK: You could put a hand grenade in my mouth and pull the pin and I wouldn’t feel it. I’ve lost the sight in one eye and the world sounds like it is made of rushing water. My clothes are covered with chili which slid unnoticed out of my mouth at some point. Good, at autopsy, they’ll know what killed me. I’ve decided to stop breathing, it’s too painful and I’m not getting any oxygen anyway. If I need air I’ll just let it in through the hole in my stomach.

Chili # 8: Helen’s Mount Saint Chili

JUDGE ONE: This final entry is a good, balanced chili, neither mild nor hot. Sorry to see that most of it was lost when Judge number 3 fell and pulled the chili pot on top of himself.

JUDGE TWO: A perfect ending, this is a nice blend chili, safe for all, not too bold, but spicy enough to declare its existence.

FRANK: —————————


39 posted on 02/25/2010 7:56:20 AM PST by Arrowhead1952 (Hey zero, It is NOT Bush's fault anymore.)
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To: Diana in Wisconsin

I thought of that the minute I hit the post button as it was your ping that brought me here...


40 posted on 02/25/2010 8:11:52 AM PST by tubebender
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To: tubebender

No chili for YOU! :)


41 posted on 02/25/2010 8:13:33 AM PST by Diana in Wisconsin (Save the Earth. It's the only planet with chocolate.)
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To: bmwcyle
Hey big H. How is it going?

Laid up with a stomach bug, so may have to postpone my Chili Day celebration to a later day. :-(

How's everything at your end?

42 posted on 02/25/2010 8:16:29 AM PST by COBOL2Java (Big government more or less guarantees rule by creeps and misfits.)
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To: COBOL2Java

Your old servers are about to transfer operation and we are getting ready to transfer.


43 posted on 02/25/2010 8:19:29 AM PST by bmwcyle (Free the Navy Seals)
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To: JWinNC

If it does have beans, it ain’t chili.


44 posted on 02/25/2010 8:49:03 AM PST by Perfesser
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To: COBOL2Java

Here is a good, basic recipe for chili that won’t hurt the kids, has lots of flavor, prepares quickly and will please most non-Hindu guests.

To start with, thin slice, don’t chop, a white onion or two. The “strings” of onion add much to the texture of the chili. Then in a large pot, halfway brown the sliced onion with a tsp of chopped garlic in olive oil over medium high heat. It takes a while to half-brown onion, but it’s important to break up its “pasty” flavor with partial caramelization. Then scoop out the onions and set them aside.

Next, brown a pound of 80% ground beef in the same pot. That 20% of beef tallow gives a good flavor to the meat, which should be browned medium, not under or overcooked. Then drain off the tallow, and replace with two tablespoons or so bacon grease. Return the onions and garlic to the pot with the hamburger.

Then add three cans of beans, which can be all pinto, or two pinto and one black beans, or one pinto, one black, and one northern white beans.

Then add a can of chopped tomatoes. Some of these already have garlic, cilantro, and green pepper in them, which are nice variations.

If you like, you can also throw in a small can of either or both chopped and roasted green and jalapeno pepper, which some like and some don’t. New Mexico cuisine is heavily green pepper oriented. Sonoran Mexican uses just a little.

Then a heaping tablespoon of chili powder for the pot. More can be added to a bowl for individual taste, but one heaping tbsp is a good base level. The chili can simmer, covered, for an hour or more on low heat.

As side dishes that are easy and impress, make cheese crisps that are just large flower tortillas with shredded Colby cheddar on them, broiled for a minute just until cheese starts to brown, then pizza cut, with salsa on the side.

The more American version with chili is corn bread, which should be distinguished from sweet corn cake, often sold as corn bread.

Masters only changes to the chili recipe include using slow cooked Mexican style shredded burro beef. (This is normally only done when you have other dishes that need shredded beef. No, it is not made of burro meat.)

Yes, sensitive guests should take Beano with their chili.

Beer is good, Tecate beer is better, but a shot of Añejo (100% agave only, please!) tequila after dinner makes the chili memorable.


45 posted on 02/25/2010 9:09:18 AM PST by yefragetuwrabrumuy
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To: Arrowhead1952

Since no one else has posted this yet

... GREAT POST! first time I read the whole thing, my gut hurt from laughing so hard in the office and everyone wondered WTH was going on, had tears in my eyes... funny stuff
thanks


46 posted on 02/25/2010 9:11:08 AM PST by ElectionInspector
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To: COBOL2Java

Note:

Leave the beans as a side dish if you desire beans. Real chilli does not have beans.


47 posted on 02/25/2010 9:15:14 AM PST by alarm rider (The left will always tell you who they fear the most. What are they telling you now?)
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To: COBOL2Java
IMHO after some years of study, the core of what we call Mexican food in the USA is actually New Mexican and began among the pueblos of the Rio Grande Valley hundreds of years before Columbus where the common crops included corn, beans and small, hot peppers. Combined with rabbit, antelope or other wild meat and slow stewed in a clay pot, the Ancestral Puebloans enjoyed primordial chili. Flat bread made of corn flour was served on the side; tortillas. The first English speaking people to enjoy this cooking were probably Taos trappers and traders out of St. Louis in the 1820's and '30s.

The best "Mexican" food available to the public is still to be found in small town New Mexico. The best "Mexican" food of all is found during ceremonial observances among the Rio Grande pueblos where attendance by outsiders is by invitation only. The best I've ever had was at the Shalako in Zuni Pueblo. The best restaurant chili was in Gallup or in Chama, New Mexico.

48 posted on 02/25/2010 9:23:59 AM PST by NaughtiusMaximus (Most university "science" amounts to squandering tax dollars in unoriginal ways.)
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To: sticker

lol! ‘nuff said.


49 posted on 02/25/2010 9:26:54 AM PST by CodeToad
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To: kitchen
I rest my case--whatever you put up there, AIN'T chili. Chili is officially classified as a stew, not a soup. I see no chiles in your recipe--WHOLE chiles, preferably jalapeno. No cumin. No chile pequin. And GROUND BEEF? GREEN PEPPER??? CURRY???

Try that in Texas and you'd be shot.
50 posted on 02/25/2010 10:06:06 AM PST by OCCASparky (Obama--Playing a West Wing fantasy in a '24' world.)
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