Skip to comments."Bankrupting" Public Unions
Posted on 04/02/2012 6:22:10 AM PDT by Kaslin
Distressed cities are finally doing what they should have been doing long ago, declaring bankruptcy to force concessions from public unions. Numbers are still a trickle, but at soon as a major city such as Oakland or LA selects that option, we will likely see a torrent of municipal bankruptcies.
At a packed, two-day conference on municipal woes sponsored by Michael Stanton, the publisher of The Bond Buyer Distressed Cities Discuss Bold Tactics in a New Fiscal Era.
The conference was devoted to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the more powerful tools being used in many cities these days, including receiverships, emergency declarations and even bankruptcy.
Attempts to plug budget holes with one-time transactions are giving way to other approaches, This is truly a new era for dealing with troubled municipalities, said Stanton.
New woes were unfolding elsewhere even as a capacity crowd of government officials, investors, lawyers and credit analysts were gathering here to discuss the trend.
In Jefferson County, Ala. which filed the biggest Chapter 9 municipal bankruptcy in American history this fall after its sewer-construction financing fell apart and a court threw out one of its taxes county commissioners were voting to default on a general obligation bond payment.
In Detroit, city and state officials were sparring over how much emergency aid the city might be able to get, and how much state oversight and control would accompany it.
Stockton, Calif., was in negotiations in a last-ditch effort to avoid becoming the biggest American city yet to declare bankruptcy. And just two hours west of Philadelphia, Harrisburg, the state capital, recently announced that it would default on a payment coming due to general obligation bondholders.
Robert G. Flanders Jr., the state-appointed receiver for Central Falls, R.I., said his citys declaration of bankruptcy had proved invaluable in helping it cut costs. Before the city declared bankruptcy, he said, he had found it impossible to wring meaningful concessions out of the citys unions and retirees who were being asked to give up roughly half of the pensions they had earned as the city ran out of cash.
The municipality is on bended knee asking the retirees and unions to come to the table and give up their contract rights, he recalled. All of that leverage shifts once you have the gumption to pull the Chapter 9 trigger. And guess what? That produces agreements quicker and more effectively than otherwise.
Naomi Richman, a managing director at Moodys Investors Service, wondered aloud whether it might become more acceptable for cities to declare bankruptcy.
Back in the 80s, the stigma against corporate bankruptcy fell away, and it became viewed as a strategy a corporation might pursue for various reasons, Ms. Richman said. Recently, with the residential housing collapse, individual bankruptcy has less of stigma in society its a strategy that a person might be advised to follow if they have a debt that they cant afford. Could the same thing happen for municipal bankruptcy? Rhode Island City Offers Gloomy Lesson
The Huffington Post reports As Detroit Bankruptcy Looms, Rhode Island City Offers Gloomy Lesson
PHILADELPHIA -- Bankers, consultants and elected officials gathered at a conference here on Wednesday to discuss a hot political question for the formerly sleepy municipal bond industry: how to sell the need to protect the rights of bondholders -- the often large, distant financial institutions who extend the credit that keeps towns humming -- when cities enter financial crisis. The issue has most recently been thrown into relief as a Monday deadline for the city of Detroit to accept a consent order to fix the city's budget looms.
"While the economists have declared the recession to have been over for almost three years now, the problems of state and local governments continue to mount," said Bob Kurtter, the managing director for U.S. state and regional ratings at Moody's Investors Service. "Default continues to be rare," he said, but "our ratio of downgrades to upgrades has been negative for the past 12 quarters."
As more cities and states struggle to fill the $1.26 trillion gap between what they have actually set aside for pensions and retirement benefits and what they have promised, municipal accountants will grapple with questions that will increasingly resemble those faced by Detroit or former Rhode Island Supreme Court Justice Robert Flanders when he was appointed last year as receiver for Central Falls, a struggling former factory town in the Ocean State.
From the comments of Flanders and others at the municipal bonds conference, it seems like the industry is in agreement about one thing going forward: someone is going to have to suffer, and it shouldn't be bondholders. Bondholders and Unions Should Both Share the Pain
This idea that bondholders should not take losses is ludicrous. Anyone stupid enough to buy Detroit bonds should pay a hefty price. Moreover, since untenable promises made to public unions are generally a leading cause of bankruptcy, public unions should suffer as well.
Gov. Rick Snyder Move on Detroit
The Christian Science Monitor reports Detroit nears deal to avert bankruptcy, but is it a state takeover?
March 27, 2012
With Detroit now formally in a state of "severe financial emergency," city and state officials are grappling with the terms of an agreement to resolve the crisis, which both sides say they expect to be signed by week's end.
So far, Michigan state officials are avoiding talk of a takeover a toxic term in a majority black city whose elected officials are opposing the appointment of an emergency manager. Detroit officials are calling for more financial support from the state.
While Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder (R) says he wants to avoid assigning an emergency manager to control the city's finances, the agreement being worked out between the city council and the state treasurer's office is expected to force the most extensive financial restructuring ever experienced by Detroit, or any other US city its size.
Governor Snyder now has 10 days to deliver a "consent agreement," according to a new law that allows the state to take financial control of any municipality facing bankruptcy. Since the law passed in March 2011, Michigan has placed four cities and two school districts under emergency management.
The law allows the state to break collective bargaining agreements, privatize city assets, fire local officials, and force a restructuring to keep basic city services flowing.
Its a big experiment, says Vincent Hutchings, a political scientist at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Detroit is a high-profile city with a lot of issues.
City officials oppose referring to the final deal as a "consent agreement," which can lead to an emergency manager. The city wants to retain power to approve budgets but will hire a chief financial officer who will report to the mayor, said Deputy Mayor Lewis on Tuesday. The city also wants the state to lend Detroit money a move that Snyder has refused in the past.
Meanwhile, many Detroit residents are protesting the possibility of the state playing a larger role in management of their city. An open meeting of the state commission was nearly shut down Monday by protesters who shouted, sang, and angrily denounced the state officials for what they see as trying to intervene with the democratic process. One activist filed a request with the Michigan Supreme Court for an emergency injunction to stop Snyders team from moving forward.
Adding to the drama is the weekend hospitalization of Detroit Mayor Dave Bing, who remains bedridden.$1.26 Trillion Pension Gap
The only way to fill a pension gap of that size is to reduce benefits. Tax hikes are out of the question. And the fastest, easiest, and best way to get pension concessions from public unions is to reduce benefits and tell the unions what they get.
There is no need to negotiate. Central Falls did not negotiate, they said take 50% or you may end up getting even less.
Ultimately, the only way to deal with public unions is to strip them of all power including collective bargaining rights, then claw back ridiculous benefits in bankruptcy court.
During the initial stages of our downturn, individual 401K’s were devastated, many nearly wiped out. Public pensioners, however, were protected. It’s time they shared the pain.
In 2006 or so the “experts” were saying that people like my mother were fools for closing out their 401K accounts and taking the tax hit.
She did take a hit on the taxes but she also paid off her house and didn’t lose huge chunks of her money in following years.
Where the heck is the national support? Yes indeed, the flyover country has it right. Did you hear Hailey Barbour on TV yesterday regarding the oil issues in the gulf states?
Did you see what Michigan is doing against the union thug grab of home health providers? BIG BIG Victory IIRC. The down home, gun toting, Christians believe that the US Constitution IS worth fighting for. So, yes the American cities need to appreciate all that flyover country has done and IS DOING for them. We are leading the way folks. Get on board or get out of the way!
geee where have I heard that before?
We’ve made big strides in Michigan and we’ve managed to do it under the radar.
It is always better for a retired person to be totally debt free if at all possible.
I’m aware of what your state is doing plus the same for some other states, like Ohio. YES we need to KEEP it under the radar.
But - any extra assistance in person or with money donations to Scott Walker would be greatly appreciated for June 5 recall election. Rahm Emanuel - oh gee I thought he wasn’t helping Ozippy anymore - was just in Milwaukee helping Milwaukee Dem Mayor Tom Barrett with a secret fundraiser for his run AGAINST Scott Walker in the upcoming recall election. This just stinks. Obama and the big union thugs (and don’t think Soros isn’t funding all of this) have many ways of cheating in elections here in Wisconsin. This is all out war against Walker and the Tea Party. And the GOPe in DC absolutely hates the Tea Party. We all know that!
Keep up the great work in MI and to everyone - Freedom is NOT Free. It’s our generation’s turn to do something great for this country so get off your duff and start helping to save this great Republic from socialism.
jumping off soap box now!
Public employee unions should not exist.
When a private individual or business negotiates with a union we can be assured that they have their own best interest at heart - and the penalty for too generous concessions to the union could mean a decline in market share or profitability and possibly going out of business.
When politicians negotiate with a public employee union, one that could (and probably did) contribute to the campaign of those politicians - the politicians do NOT have the taxpayers best interest at heart - and the penalty for too generous concessions to the union will mean a dramatic increase in taxes and possible municipal bankruptcy.
NO PUBLIC EMPLOYEE UNIONS!
"While the economists have declared the recession to have been over for almost three years now, ..." said Bob Kurtter, ...Moody's Investors Service.
In Jefferson County, Ala. county commissioners were voting to default on a general obligation bond payment.
Stockton, Calif., ...recently announced that it would default on a payment coming due to general obligation bondholders.
This idea that bondholders should not take losses is ludicrous.
Minimum consequences would be a reversion to territorial status for a minimum of ten years and loss of representation except for one non voting congress critter in the house. If an entire state, total forfeiture of electoral votes as well. If a subdivision of the state, then proportional reduction.
They would get reduction of federal income taxes and federal aid commensurate with their downgrade to territorial status. If they play their cards right, they will use said reductions to attract jobs, investment and opportunity to gain readmission by the following decade.
If they choose to continue their parasitic activities, then they can march toward third world status all that much quicker without dragging the rest of the country along for the ride.
Sucks that she lost a lot of money, but at least she is now insulated from the uncertainty.
Michigan has benefited from the media focusing on Wisconsin and Ohio. Eventually the Bolsheviks will see whats going on and fire up flares for the media.