In fact Russia has more gun freedom than 90% other nations in the world. For that reason their civilian population is in top ten of most armed. In South Russia with their moslem problem there are tons of fully auto rifles in private possession and authorities are blind about it.
Their laws are specifically restrictive to handguns and that is all.
Also homicide statistics is not correct. It is probably taken from police books but you can’t compare different nations this way. For example in Russia they count all missing women, children, motorists and public officials as murders. Here comes about 15% of all unnatural deaths.
The reality is you can walk in their cities at night with little to none chance of getting robbed, let alone killed.