Skip to comments.Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 06-28-05, Memorial, St. Irenaeus, Vigil, Sts Peter & Paul
Posted on 06/28/2005 6:48:25 AM PDT by Salvation
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You have two choices today. Morning will probably be the Mass of Memorial of St. Irenaeus.
An evening Mass will celebrate the Vigil of the Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles.
From: Genesis 19:15-29
The Flight of Lot and His Family
From: Matthew 8:23-27
The Calming of the Storm
|Tuesday, June 28, 2005
St. Irenaeus, Bishop, Martyr (Memorial)
|June 28, 2005
Memorial of St. Irenaeus, bishop and martyr
Old Calendar: St. Irenaeus; Vigil of Saints Peter and Paul
Before the reform of the General Roman Calendar the Vigil of Sts. Peter and Paul was observed with a special vigil Mass. The reform removed this vigil Mass from the Calendar. Tomorrow is a solemnity, and so observance of Saints Peter and Paul begins with Evening Prayer I in the Liturgy of the Hours this evening. The liturgical day is from midnight to midnight in the Church's observance, except for Sunday and solemnities which begin with the evening of the preceding day.
Saint Irenaeus was born in the year 120; he was of the Greek tongue, and probably a native of Asia Minor. His parents, who were Christians, placed him while still young under the care of the great Saint Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna. It was in this holy school that he learned the sacred science which later made him a great ornament of the Church and the terror of her enemies. Saint Polycarp cultivated his rising genius and formed his mind to piety by his precepts and example, and the zealous young scholar was careful to reap all advantages offered him by the solicitude of such a master. Such was his veneration for his tutors sanctity that he observed all the acts and virtues he saw in that holy man, the better to copy his example and learn his spirit. He listened to his instructions with an insatiable ardor, and so deeply did he engrave them in his heart that the impressions remained vivid even in his old age. In order to confound the heresies of his age, this Doctor of the Church acquainted himself with the conceits of the pagan philosophers, and thereby became qualified to trace every error to its sources and set it in its full light. By his writings he was already known to Tertullian, Theodoret and Saint Epiphanus, who speak of him as a luminous torch of truth in the darkness of those times.
After Irenaeus had spent a number of years in combat against the eastern gnostics and philosophers of error, Saint Polycarp determined to send him to Gaul, where many of the heretics of Asia Minor had already migrated to pursue the Catholic religion, which was beginning to find roots there. With a company of about forty Christians, the valiant soldier of Christ ascended the Rhone to Lyons to rejoin and aid Saint Pothinus, its bishop. Saint Pothinus was already advanced in age, and his churchs neophytes could not always distinguish truth from the gnostic aberrations. Saint Pothinus received the apostles with joy and soon ordained Saint Irenaeus.
This great Doctor of the Church wrote many important works, of which the most famous is his Adversus Haereses, Against the Heresies, in explanation of the Faith. By his preaching, Saint Irenaeus in a short time converted almost the whole country to the Faith; the Christians of Lyons became models by their candor, their estrangement from all ambition, their poverty, chastity and temperance, and in this way confounded many adversaries of their religion. Saint Irenaeus continued to imitate what he had seen done by his beloved master, Saint Polycarp, himself the disciple and imitator of Saint John the Apostle. One can readily imagine the excellence of the administration and the breadth of charity reigning in the Church of Lyons.
Finally he suffered martyrdom there, with many others, in the year 202, under the Emperor Septimus Severus, after eighty years spent in the service of the Lord. The imperial decrees renewing the persecutions arrived at Lyons at the time of the celebration of Severus tenth year of reign; the pagans found amid the celebrations an opportunity to take vengeance on the Christians, who refused to participate in the debaucheries which accompanied these feastings. Assassins armed with daggers, stones and knives filled the city with blood, and thousands of Christians won, with their bishop, the crown they had always admired as the greatest glory God could grant His servants.
From Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints, a compilation based on Butlers Lives of the Saints, and other sources by John Gilmary Shea (Benziger Brothers: New York, 1894); Les Petits Bollandistes: Vies des Saints, by Msgr. Paul Guérin (Bloud et Barral: Paris, 1882), Vol. 7.
Symbols: Lighted torch; book.
Things to Do:
**St. Irenaeus of Lyons wrote extensively. You can read some of his writings, his most famous writing being Against the Heresies.**
Oh, that we might have a modern-day bishop that could write against the modern-day heresies, in imitation of St. Irenaeus!
We pray to the Lord,
Lorod hear our prayer!
Bump for Saints Peter and Paul.
Prayers offered up that all FReepers are keeping cool in this hot and humid weather.
Eloquently said. Thanks for sharing it!
Gn 19, 15-29 / Mt 8:23-27
Fear is the real Public Enemy Number One. Its what lurks behind every one of our sins. Greed starts with the fear that I wont have enough. Anger is rooted in the fear of losing something that is essential to me. Philandering draws its power from the fear that I am empty and nothing. Fear closes down hearts and stifles love. And, if we allow it, fear ultimately steals our life away.
Fear can be exceedingly powerful, but faith can be stronger still and can overcome it at every turn. By faith we can entrust ourselves into Gods care with total confidence, knowing that God loves and cherishes us even more than we love ourselves. In doing that, we learn to see ourselves through Gods eyes, and we learn something wonderful about ourselves, namely, that we are lovable and that we already have within us the God-given capacity to do wonderful things.
If you want the rich, full, happy life that God wants for you, youd better pay attention to Jesus words in todays gospel, "Fear is useless. What is needed is faith!"
Entrust yourself, your life, your hopes, and your dreams into His hands with confidence. Youll be surprised to discover that you have the spiritual power to do the great deeds to which the Holy Spirit who always dwells in your heart has been calling you all along.
June 28, 2005
The Church is fortunate that Irenaeus was involved in many of its controversies in the second century. He was a student, well trained, no doubt, with great patience in investigating, tremendously protective of apostolic teaching, but prompted more by a desire to win over his opponents than to prove them in error.
As bishop of Lyons he was especially concerned with the Gnostics, who took their name from the Greek word for knowledge. Claiming access to secret knowledge imparted by Jesus to only a few disciples, their teaching was attracting and confusing many Christians. After thoroughly investigating the various Gnostic sects and their secret, Irenaeus showed to what logical conclusions their tenets led. These he contrasted with the teaching of the apostles and the text of Holy Scripture, giving us, in five books, a system of theology of great importance to subsequent times. Moreover, his work, widely used and translated into Latin and Armenian, gradually ended the influence of the Gnostics.
The circumstances and details about his death, like those of his birth and early life in Asia Minor, are not at all clear.
Tuesday June 28, 2005 Thirteenth Week in Ordinary Time
Reading (Genesis 19:15-29) Gospel (St. Matthew 8:23-27)
In the Gospel reading today, the apostles are amazed that even the winds and the sea obey Our Lord. We have to remember always that He is God and He is all-powerful and He has authority over everything. So as we look around at the things going on in the world today, we realize that none of this is happening without God tolerating it, without Him allowing it. And He is allowing it as a test for each and every one of us to see if we are going to remain faithful.
We see the grace and mercy of God, for instance, in the first reading when we hear about how He removed Lot from the city of Sodom before He destroyed it, and how when Lot tried to play the American problem and be as lazy as he possibly could No, no, I cant go that far the Lord even pulled him right out of the city and then allowed him to go to a small town that would have been overthrown, but was determined to save his life because he was innocent. And so we see that even if we are willing to make a minimal effort to do what is right, God is going to take care of the rest. That does not excuse us by saying it is okay to do the absolute minimum, but rather what we see is that if we are willing to at least take the first step, God is going to then provide the grace so that we can take the next step. It is the way the spiritual life begins. All we have to do is get started and the Lord will take care of helping us to move along. Then we can keep taking one step after the next step after the next.
At the same time in the readings today, we see another situation. As Sodom and Gomorrah are being overthrown for the homosexuality that was going on in those towns, we look around and see that the same thing is happening today. And we see the exact same attitude among people today: Its okay. Its not a problem. They were born that way. How can I judge? These are not from God. Number one, we have to realize that if somebody is acting on something that is completely contrary to nature, it is a mortal sin and it is from Satan. God created us male and female, and he placed within our hearts an attraction to persons of opposite sex. Now the Church is very clear that a homosexual orientation is not a sin. It is disordered, but it is not a sin. To act upon it, however, as it would be for anyone outside of marriage to act on anything sexually, is a mortal sin.
So for us to be able to sit back and think that it is not so bad or that we have to accept this is playing right into Satans hand. It is not acceptable in any way, shape, or form. And the fact that in some places, at least, people would suggest that the majority of people are in favor of these sorts of things does not mean anything. Morality is not based on an opinion poll. It does not matter if everyone except one person agrees. If that one person is God, Who does not agree with it, then God is right. The prescriptions against homosexuality are Divine Law. This is not even a Church law. This is not something that the Church can change if She wanted to, or if enough people thought they were homosexuals and therefore we need to think about changing this. It is Divine Law. It is Gods Law and it cannot change ever, under any circumstances. We need to be very clear about that.
As Christian people, we need to make sure that we always treat others with charity and respect. However, we also need to make sure we are clear that if someone is doing something which is objectively wrong that we recognize that and we acknowledge it. It is not being judgmental of the person to say that the action is wrong. We do not know what is going on in their heart and in their mind, but this is what they are doing. We cannot make a judgment on the person, but we can and we must make a judgment on the action. The actions are wrong. They are mortal sins. There is no justification ever for acting in a way that is mortally sinful, and in this particular case, contrary to nature. We must be very clear and not fall into the prevailing thought that making any kind of judgment is therefore wrong because we cannot judge. That is wrong and we need to make a distinction. We must judge actions. We cannot judge persons. That is where the difference comes. And when we are talking about the action of homosexual sin, it is a flagrant violation of the law of Almighty God and never under any circumstances is it acceptable. We must be very, very clear about that.
So we must love the sinner but hate the sin. That is the proper response we have to have. That is not always easy for us to be able to do, but that is what we have to be about. We have to extend the mercy of God. We have to pray for peoples conversion. We have to treat them with charity and dignity. But in all cases we must always acknowledge that a sin is a sin, and it is never under any circumstances acceptable.
* This text was transcribed from the audio recording with minimal editing.
|23||And when he entered into the boat, his disciples followed him:||et ascendente eo in navicula secuti sunt eum discipuli eius|
|24||And behold a great tempest arose in the sea, so that the boat was covered with waves, but he was asleep.||et ecce motus magnus factus est in mari ita ut navicula operiretur fluctibus ipse vero dormiebat|
|25||And they came to him, and awaked him, saying: Lord, save us, we perish.||et accesserunt et suscitaverunt eum dicentes Domine salva nos perimus|
|26||And Jesus saith to them: Why are you fearful, O ye of little faith? Then rising up, he commanded the winds, and the sea, and there came a great calm.||et dicit eis quid timidi estis modicae fidei tunc surgens imperavit ventis et mari et facta est tranquillitas magna|
|27||But the men wondered, saying: What manner of man is this, for the winds and the sea obey him?||porro homines mirati sunt dicentes qualis est hic quia et venti et mare oboediunt ei|
|15||When therefore they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter: Simon, son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him: Yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him: Feed my lambs.||cum ergo prandissent dicit Simoni Petro Iesus Simon Iohannis diligis me plus his dicit ei etiam Domine tu scis quia amo te dicit ei pasce agnos meos|
|16||He saith to him again: Simon, son of John, lovest thou me? He saith to him: yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him: Feed my lambs.||dicit ei iterum Simon Iohannis diligis me ait illi etiam Domine tu scis quia amo te dicit ei pasce agnos meos|
|17||He said to him the third time: Simon, son of John, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he had said to him the third time: Lovest thou me? And he said to him: Lord, thou knowest all things: thou knowest that I love thee. He said to him: Feed my sheep.||dicit ei tertio Simon Iohannis amas me contristatus est Petrus quia dixit ei tertio amas me et dicit ei Domine tu omnia scis tu scis quia amo te dicit ei pasce oves meas|
|18||Amen, amen, I say to thee, When thou wast younger, thou didst gird thyself and didst walk where thou wouldst. But when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee and lead thee whither thou wouldst not.||amen amen dico tibi cum esses iunior cingebas te et ambulabas ubi volebas cum autem senueris extendes manus tuas et alius te cinget et ducet quo non vis|
|19||And this he said, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had said this, he saith to him: Follow me.||hoc autem dixit significans qua morte clarificaturus esset Deum et hoc cum dixisset dicit ei sequere me|
Lot flees from Sodom
Fresco from the Loggia
Rafael -> Raffaello
Pillar of salt to be.
|Tuesday, June 28, 2005
Have you ever felt so fully loved by someone that you thought nothing could ever go wrong again in your life? We often hear stories about the brave young knight who rescues the princess and whisks her away to live happily ever after with him. We see newlyweds who are so caught up in each others love that the whole world is new for them.
As beautiful as these images are, experience tells us that fairy tales are just fairy tales and that all married couples face steep challenges as well as times of complete joy and security. But while we are all flawed and bring our flaws with us into marriage, God is not flawed. He is perfect. He is the brave young knight who rescues us. He is the perfect lover of our souls. As idealistic as it may seem, God loves us completely, unconditionally, and passionately. His love has the power to drive away every fear, remove every worry, and heal every wound. Thats what this story of the storm at sea is all about.
Jesus was able to sleep through the storm because he knew that no matter what happened, his Father loved him and would not abandon him. The disciples, on the other hand, feared for their lives because they had yet to learn how deeply God cared for them. Jesus asked them, Why are you afraid, you of little faith? (Matthew 8:26), not because he was angry with them but because he wanted them to see the contrast between his reaction to the storm and theirs. He wanted them to see that it was a matter of faith, and not foolishness; a matter of trust and not recklessness.
God wants us all to have the faith in his love that Jesus has. He knows it doesnt come automatically, and so every day he gives us opportunitiesboth large and smallto trust him and to let him prove himself to us. He knows that the more we take steps of faith the greater our trust will be. And, the greater our trust, the more peaceful we will becometo the point where we will utterly amaze those who have yet to discover the treasures of the Fathers love.
Father, I abandon myself to you. I believe that you hold me fast, whatever situation I may face. I know that I can rest secure in your love.
Genesis 19:15-29; Psalm 26:2-3,9-12
Prayers offered up for our troops in Iraq.
All Believers can attest with confidence, that the Heavens are not closed. Praise the Lord for His grace and mercy he renders us in our daily walk with Him.
"For all these [heretics] are of much later date than are the bishops to whom the apostles handed over the churches, and this fact I pointed out most carefully in the third book. It is of necessity, then, that these aforementioned heretics, because they are blind to the truth, walk in devious paths, and on this account the vestiges of their doctrines are scattered about without agreement or connection. The path of those, however, who belong to the Church goes around the whole world, for it has the firm tradition of the apostles, enabling us to see that the faith of all is one and the same" (Ibid. 5:20:1).
"Polycarp was instructed not only by the apostles and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also appointed bishop of the church in Smyrna by the apostles in Asia. I saw him in my early youth, for he tarried a long time and when quite old departed this life in a glorious and most noble martyrdom. He always taught those things which he learned from the apostles and which the Church had handed down and which are true. To these things the churches in Asia bear witness, as do also the successors of Polycarp even to the present time" (Ibid. 3:3:4).
"It is necessary to obey those who are the presbyters in the Church, those who, as we have shown, have succession from the apostles, those who have received, with the succession of the episcopate, the sure charism of truth according to the good pleasure of the Father. But the rest, who have no part in the primitive succession [of bishops] and assemble wheresoever they will, must be held in suspicion....The true gnosis [knowledge] is the doctrine of the apostles, and the ancient organization of the Church throughout the whole world, and the manifestation of the body of Christ according to the succession of bishops, by which succession the bishops have handed down the Church which is found everywhere" (Ibid. 4:26:2, 33:8).
One God or Many?
"For the Church, although dispersed throughout the whole world even to the ends of the earth, has received from the apostles and from their disciples the faith in one God, Father Almighty, the creator of heaven and earth and sea and all that is in them; and in one Jesus Christ, the Son of God" (Against Heresies 1:10:1 [inter A.D. 180-199]).
"Nor is he moved by anyone; rather, freely and by his Word he made all things. For he alone is God, he alone is Lord, he alone is creator, he alone is father, he alone contains all and commands all to exist" (Ibid. 2:1:1).
"Of his own accord and by his own power he made all things and arranged and perfected them; and his will is the substance of all things. He alone, then, is found to be God; he alone is omnipotent, who made all things; he alone is Father, who founded and formed all things, visible and invisible, sensible and insensate, heavenly and earthly, by the Word of his power. And he has fitted and arranged all things by his wisdom; and while he comprehends all, he can be comprehended by none. He is himself the designer, himself the builder, himself the inventor, himself the maker, himself the Lord of all" (Ibid. 2:30:9).
The Authority of the Pope
"But since it would be too long to enumerate in such a volume as this the succession of all the churches, we shall confound all those who, in whatever manner, whether through self-satisfaction or vainglory, or through blindness and wicked opinion, assemble other than where it is proper, by pointing out here the successions of the bishops of the greatest and most ancient church known to all, founded and organized at Rome by the two most glorious apostles, Peter and Paul, that church which has the tradition and the faith which comes down to us after having been announced to men by the apostles. With that church, because of its superior origin, all the churches must agree, that is, all the faithful in the whole world, and it is in her that the faithful everywhere have maintained the apostolic tradition" (Against Heresies 3:3:2 [A.D. 189]).
"And [Naaman] dipped himself . . . seven times in the Jordan" [2 Kgs. 5:14]. It was not for nothing that Naaman of old, when suffering from leprosy, was purified upon his being baptized, but [this served] as an indication to us. For as we are lepers in sin, we are made clean, by means of the sacred water and the invocation of the Lord, from our old transgressions, being spiritually regenerated as newborn babes, even as the Lord has declared: "Except a man be born again through water and the Spirit, he shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven" [John 3:5].. (Fragment 34 [A.D. 190])
He [Jesus] came to save all through himself; all, I say, who through him are reborn in God: infants, and children, and youths, and old men. Therefore he passed through every age, becoming an infant for infants, sanctifying infants; a child for children, sanctifying those who are of that age . . . [so that] he might be the perfect teacher in all things, perfect not only in respect to the setting forth of truth, perfect also in respect to relative age. (Against Heresies 2:22:4 [A.D. 189])
Peter in Rome
"Matthew also issued among the Hebrews a written Gospel in their own language, while Peter and Paul were evangelizing in Rome and laying the foundation of the Church" (Against Heresies, 3:1:1 [A.D. 189]).
"The blessed apostles [Peter and Paul], having founded and built up the church [of Rome], they handed over the office of the episcopate to Linus. Paul makes mention of this Linus in the epistle to Timothy [2 Tim. 4:21]" (ibid., 3:3:3).
"But since it would be too long to enumerate in such a volume as this the succession of all the churches, we shall . . . [point] out here the successions of the bishops of the greatest and most ancient church known to all, founded and organized at Rome by the two most glorious apostles, Peter and Paul, that church which has the tradition and the faith which comes down to us after having been announced to men by the apostles. With that church, because of its superior origin, all the churches must agree, that is, all the faithful in the whole world, and it is in her that the faithful everywhere have maintained the apostolic tradition" (ibid., 3:3:2).
THE HELL THERE IS
"The penalty increases for those who do not believe the Word of god and despise his coming
.[I]t is not merely temporal, but eternal. To whomsoever the Lord shall say, 'Depart from me, accursed ones, into the everlasting fire,' they will be damned forever" (Against Heresies 4:28:2).
"[God will] send the spiritual forces of wickedness, and the angels who transgressed and became apostates, and the impious, unjust, lawless, and blasphemous among men into everlasting fire" (Against Heresies 1:10:1 [A.D. 180]).