Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Why Did Mary Offer a Sin Offering? [Ecumenical]
BlackCordelias ^ | July 13, 2009 | BFHU

Posted on 07/19/2009 2:17:43 PM PDT by NYer


Q. Mary, like every other Jew of her time, was born under law. In other words, under the old covenant, she had to obey the 10 Commandments and all the ceremonial laws given by God through Moses. For example, we see her observing the pregnancy and childbirth laws here:

(Luke 2:22-24) When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord She must also bring to the priest a lamb for a burnt offering and a dove for a sin offering. The priest will then offer them to the Lord to make atonement for her.

A. The above quotation of Luke is inaccurate Here is what the NIV actually says:

When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23(as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord 24and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.

Q. Now, if Mary was always pure and sinless, why did she go through the purification period? Why did she offer a sacrifice for sin to the priest? Why would the priest need to make atonement for her to cleanse her?

Leviticus 12:1-8 The LORD said to Moses, ‘A woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son will be ceremonially unclean for seven days, just as she is unclean during her monthly period… . 8 If she cannot afford a lamb, she is to bring two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering

A. These are very good and very legitimate questions. Of course, being ceremonially unclean is not equivalent to being sinful. The laws here are going to apply to everyone. They would not have written these laws with one immaculate virgin in mind. But scripture does seem to indicate in Luke, that Mary offered a sin offering.

Good point about Mary’s sin offering. But the Catholic reply would be that she offered the sin offering out of humility and to avoid scandal and to fulfill all righteousness, (Mt. 3) just as her Divine Son was baptized in the Jordan by John. John’s baptism was for repentance and yet we both agree Jesus did not need to be baptized b/c He did not need to repent of any sin. And yet He submitted to baptism. And Mary offered the sin offering according to the Law. Both fulfilled all righteousness in humility.

Q. As we have seen, Mary was born under law and she observed the Law of Moses with regard to pregnancy and childbirth. But the Bible says that no one can become righteous in God’s sight by observing the law. In fact, the purpose of the law is to increase sin in man and show man his utter sinfulness, hopelessness and, hence, need for God’s grace.

If Mary was born without sin and never sinned, it would mean that she perfectly obeyed the entire Law of Moses (the 10 Commandments and more than 360 ceremonial laws) in thought, word and deed, all of the time, and thus, achieved righteousness by the law!

A. No, she did not achieve righteousness by the law. She was righteous from her conception by the power of God. And yes, she kept the entire law.

Q. So, Mary did not need “the righteousness from God, apart from the law” that “comes through faith in Jesus Christ”? In other words, she did not need Jesus to die for her sins because she had none — she was not a sinner!

A. She certainly did need Jesus to save her. True, she was not a sinner but she certainly DID have faith in Jesus Christ her Divine Son. She was the first believer. She was saved by Jesus from sin BEFORE she sinned by a unique grace of God Almighty. Surely God could do this if He wanted to do it. Just as Jesus’ death saves all people, even those who lived and died before His incarnation, so His salvation through His death and resurrection was applied to Mary before it actually happened in time.

Q. Matthew 11:11 I tell you the truth: Among those born of women there has not risen anyone greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.

Even the most “insignificant” Christian is greater than the most prominent Old Testament prophet! To be made righteous by the blood of Christ, to be born again as a child of God, and to know Jesus as Lord and Saviour, is far better than being a mighty Old Testament prophet who is not walking in the New Covenant.

A. And Our Blessed Mother would most definitely fall into this category. So, she too, as a Christian and in the kingdom of Heaven is greater than John the Baptist.

Q. Jesus said that “among those born of women there has not risen anyone greater than John the Baptist”.

A. This must be referring to OT people. Because Jesus also was born of woman and yet we both agree He is the greatest of all.

Q. So, if anyone is to be put on a pedestal, why have the Catholics chosen Mary instead of the greater John the Baptist?

A. Because she is the mother of Our Lord and unlike Eve, she was perfectly obedient to God.

Q. I mean no disrespect to Mary or John the Baptist. But Christians should merely give them the same honour and respect they give to any Christian. Only Jesus is to be exalted above all!

A. Jesus is exalted above all. We worship Him. We honor Mary for who she is we do not worship her.

Q. Jesus’ response when someone called Mary blessed: Luke 11:27,28 As Jesus was saying these things, a woman in the crowd called out, “Blessed is the mother who gave you birth and nursed you.”
He replied, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it
.”

The woman in the crowd was impressed with Jesus’ teaching, but, she gave the glory to Mary. Jesus’ response did two things. It shifted the focus from one person—Mary—to ANYONE who hears the Word of God and obeys it. This, in turn, puts Mary on equal footing with anyone who hears the Word of God and obeys it.

A. True. And, of course, Mary also heard the word of God and obeyed it. All who do this are blessed just as Jesus said. This is true. I would submit that Jesus’ response did redirect the woman’s focus from honoring His mother to the necessity that this woman attend to her own salvation. But, it in no way indicates that Mary is thus equal in every way to any Christian who hears and obeys Jesus regardless of the perfection of their obedience. But she would be equal to any Christian who believed and obeyed perfectly.
In closing , I would like to say that you have submitted some very good and thoughtful questions. I have also submitted to you a different way to understand the same scriptures. I hope you can see that it is possible to interpret the same scriptures differently. This is the very reason there are over 40,000 different Protestant denominations.

The basic difference between Protestant interpretation of scripture and Catholic is that for us the Faith existed before the NT scriptures were written down. So the NT is a product of the Catholic Faith and is not contrary to any of our beliefs and doctrines.

For instance, no one in the Catholic Church sat down and read the Angelic salutation in Luke 1–”Hail Full of Grace..” thought it over and said, “I know, this must mean that Mary was sinless, immaculate from the first instance of her conception!”

If the Catholic Church had done that Protestant derision would be deserved. But no, that is not why we cite this verse. The Catholic Church has always believed in the immaculate conception of Mary. This was never seriously questioned until some time after the Protestant Reformation. (Even Luther believed in her immaculate conception.)We cite this verse in response to Protestant demands for scripture. And because we know that Protestants will only consider scripture Catholics give the scriptural evidence we have for our beliefs. Protestants will then often scoff because they think we derived our doctrine and dogma from what seems to them insubstantial scriptural evidence. But as I said above, our doctrines do not come out of scripture in the same way Protestants derive their doctrine. Our doctrine comes directly from the teaching of Jesus to the apostles to us.

On the other hand, Protestants, 1500 years later, read scriptures and then decide what is to be believed based on their own private interpretation.

By the way this is proscribed in

2 Peter 1:20 Understanding this first, that no prophecy of scripture is made by private interpretation.

The reason I am Catholic is that for many scriptures there are more than one way to interpret them. I have decided that the oldest Church, the one that can trace her origin back to the apostles, founded by Jesus Christ 2000 years ago, is the one church most likely to KNOW how the scriptures should be interpreted.

Protestant individuals, 1500 – 2000 years removed from the events in the NT, are pretty much on their own. Their hope is that the Holy Spirit will lead them into all truth but this has not been the case since the differences in Protestant interpretation has spawned thousands of different denominations in direct opposition to Jesus’ desire that we all be ONE.



TOPICS: Apologetics; Catholic; Ecumenism; Theology
KEYWORDS: catholic
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first previous 1-5051-100101-150151-200201-250 last
To: annalex

You are the one who wrote, “What do you call that place where people enter for purification after judgement, and following the purification they are saved?”

If, as you now say, you “enjoy explaining Catholic doctrine”, you might want to to get better at it.

You also wrote, “What you believe contrary to scripture is of no concern here, as the thread is about Catholic Mariology, not your theological fantasies.”

This would be true, if this were a closed thread. However, since it is open, those of us who differ are allowed to dispute your assertions.

If my comments are “theological fantasies”, those who read them can decide for themselves. However, you must understand that your inability to do anything other than ASSERT catholic doctrine makes those on the fence more likely to side with me than you.

On most issues, it boils down to this: If you accept Catholic doctrine, then you MUST interpret scripture accordingly, no matter how much it twists the words around. If you do not accept Catholic doctrine, you are free to let the text speak for itself. I suspect this is why Erasmus found it challenging to interpret Scripture, and why Luther laughed at him.

When the sinlessness of Mary rests on the misunderstanding about what a perfect past participle implies, and this on one verse...then the whole edifice rests on sand. One grain.

Believe what you wish, but I retain the right on open threads to dispute it.


201 posted on 07/20/2009 6:56:58 PM PDT by Mr Rogers (I loathe the ground he slithers on!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 188 | View Replies]

To: annalex

As you said, it would be very odd for Christ to give Mary to John to take care of had He had other brothers. He would have been breaking Jewish law. In that day, “brothers” was used for cousins too. The term “firstborn” was a title of honor given to your first child, whether or not you had more. In Mt 13:55-56 four men are names as brothers of the Lord. However, at least two of them, James and Joseph, were the sons of Mary the wife of Cleophas. Also, when the family journeyed to the Temple and lost Jesus, no mention was made of other children or “brothers” of any kind.

There is more evidence that Christ was an only child than there is that He wasn’t .


202 posted on 07/20/2009 7:12:35 PM PDT by Melian ("An unexamined life is not worth living." ~Socrates)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 110 | View Replies]

To: Mr Rogers

I’m sorry, Mr. Rogers, but that’s just not true. History teaches us that all Christians answered to Peter and his successors for several hundred years. For many generations, all Christians knew and accepted the Apostolic succession. St. Paul bowed to Peter’s authority and all the “rituals” the Apostles set up.

All who wish to review Scripture about Apostolic Succession should review:
Acts 1:15-26, Acts 14:23, Acts 20:28
1 Cor 12:27-31
Eph 4:11, Eph 2:19-21
1 Tim 3:1-13, 1 Tim 4:13-14, 1 Tim 5:17-22, 2 Tim 2:1-2
Titus 1: 5-9

I hope you will review these passages from one of the original translations of the Bible.


203 posted on 07/20/2009 7:25:27 PM PDT by Melian ("An unexamined life is not worth living." ~Socrates)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 137 | View Replies]

To: Mr Rogers
You do have a right to voice your opinion on an open thread. I think we are all learning something from the ecumenical dialogue -- but it can get frustrating, and we each have to avoid the temptation of taking things personally and try to aim criticisms at the message and not the messenger.

I suspect this is why Erasmus found it challenging to interpret Scripture, and why Luther laughed at him.

Perhaps Luther laughed at Eramus, but it wasn't directed at doctrine on Mary, because Luther's Mariology was pretty much consistent with Catholic doctrine.

In Luther's sermon of August 15, 1522, on the Feast of the Assumption, here is what he had to say:

"There can be no doubt that the Virgin Mary is in heaven. How it happened we do not know. And since the Holy Spirit has told us nothing about it, we can make of it no article of faith . . . It is enough to know that she lives in Christ.

Here are some other Luther quotes on Mary:

"The veneration of Mary is inscribed in the very depths of the human heart." (Sermon, September 1, 1522).

"[She is the] highest woman and the noblest gem in Christianity after Christ . . . She is nobility, wisdom, and holiness personified. We can never honor her enough. Still honor and praise must be given to her in such a way as to injure neither Christ nor the Scriptures." (Sermon, Christmas, 1531).

"No woman is like you. You are more than Eve or Sarah, blessed above all nobility, wisdom, and sanctity." (Sermon, Feast of the Visitation, 1537).

"One should honor Mary as she herself wished and as she expressed it in the Magnificat. She praised God for his deeds. How then can we praise her? The true honor of Mary is the honor of God, the praise of God's grace . . . Mary is nothing for the sake of herself, but for the sake of Christ . . . Mary does not wish that we come to her, but through her to God." (Explanation of the Magnificat, 1521).

Luther gives the Blessed Virgin the exalted position of "Spiritual Mother" for Christians:

"It is the consolation and the superabundant goodness of God, that man is able to exult in such a treasure. Mary is his true Mother .." (Sermon, Christmas, 1522)

"Mary is the Mother of Jesus and the Mother of all of us even though it was Christ alone who reposed on her knees . . . If he is ours, we ought to be in his situation; there where he is, we ought also to be and all that he has ought to be ours, and his mother is also our mother." (Sermon, Christmas, 1529).

Martin Luther had the belief of Mary's Immaculate Conception, Luther's words follow:

"It is a sweet and pious belief that the infusion of Mary's soul was effected without original sin; so that in the very infusion of her soul she was also purified from original sin and adorned with God's gifts, receiving a pure soul infused by God; thus from the first moment she began to live she was free from all sin" (Sermon: "On the Day of the Conception of the Mother of God," 1527).

"She is full of grace, proclaimed to be entirely without sin- something exceedingly great. For God's grace fills her with everything good and makes her devoid of all evil." (Personal {"Little"} Prayer Book, 1522).

Martin Luther also believed in Mary's Perpetual Virginity.


204 posted on 07/20/2009 7:31:16 PM PDT by bdeaner (The bread which we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ? (1 Cor. 10:16))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 201 | View Replies]

To: Mr Rogers
As I read about early church history, it is painfully obvious that many ‘church fathers’ would be better described as ‘barely converted pagan philosophers’.

So an American in the 21st century--a TOTALLY different culture than that represented in the New Testament--with no direct access to the original Scriptures, reading a bad English translation, without the requisite background in Latin, koine Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic languages, knows better than the early Church Fathers living in the first several centuries of the Church -- the guys who spoke the original language, lived in the same culture as Christ and the disciples, and were responsible for translating, teaching, and preserving the Scriptures? There is an element of hubris in your statement, Mr Rogers, that is beyond words. Frankly, I find it nearly impossible to integrate this statement with my experience of your posts as otherwise intelligent, to the extent that you formulate deductive arguments with logical rigor, granted on your own Sola Scriptura terms. But writing off the early Church Fathers, you seem to eskew the good reason you often otherwise demonstrate in your arguments. What gives?

I suspect you prematurely write off the Church Fathers because, just as I discovered myself in my journey to accepting Catholicism, is that their writing demonstrates without question that the early Church was thoroughly and undeniably CATHOLIC both in liturgical practice and in its theology. That would put you a difficult position, as someone who rejects Catholicism.

Of course I can't read your mind, but I am curious about what seems to be a very premature and ill-advised basis for rejecting authorities from the very early days of Christianity, which common sense would dictate, must have had a more intimate knowledge of the historical, cultural and linguistic context of the Scripture, far better than we could hope to develop on our own.
205 posted on 07/20/2009 7:52:10 PM PDT by bdeaner (The bread which we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ? (1 Cor. 10:16))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 169 | View Replies]

To: Mr Rogers

You can post anything you want, I simply point out what the focus of the thread is, and therefore what the focus of my responses will be.


206 posted on 07/20/2009 7:52:46 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 201 | View Replies]

To: Melian

“As you said, it would be very odd for Christ to give Mary to John to take care of had He had other brothers. He would have been breaking Jewish law.”

It is also very odd if Mary had step-sons who could take care of her. If a woman had no sons, her step sons should take care of her.

“In that day, “brothers” was used for cousins too.”

Yes, and even today we can use ‘brothers’ to speak of associates with no family relations. However, there WERE words for cousin, and they were commonly used. And nowhere in Scripture are they referred to as cousins. They were also always, while she lived, associated with Mary.

“The term “firstborn” was a title of honor given to your first child, whether or not you had more.”

Not exactly. When Luke wrote of John the Baptist, he didn’t call him ‘firstborn’. I’m not saying it is wrong, just that it wasn’t used by Luke when describing John.

“In Mt 13:55-56 four men are names as brothers of the Lord. However, at least two of them, James and Joseph, were the sons of Mary the wife of Cleophas.”

What it says is, “55 Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56And are not all his sisters with us?”

The idea that James and Joseph were the sons of “Mary the wife of Cleophas” was first proposed by Jerome, and his ‘proof’ is a bit underwhelming. It certainly is not provable from Scripture.

And at the Temple, it was Jesus who was extraordinary.


207 posted on 07/20/2009 7:54:35 PM PDT by Mr Rogers (I loathe the ground he slithers on!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 202 | View Replies]

To: Melian

Yes. As a general proposition the plain natural reading of the Scripture is also the Catholic reading. It requires a mariophobic mind of a 20c Protestant to invent the doctrine of sinfulness or non-virginity of Mary when there is zero scriptural support for it, then demand prooftexts from Catholics.


208 posted on 07/20/2009 7:57:51 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 202 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum

My point is that Paul was arguing jesus was the Christ (the messiah, the Anointed One), who died and was raised “according to the scriptures.” What scriptures? Not the Jewish ones for sure. And the NT did not exist yet.


209 posted on 07/20/2009 8:12:37 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 200 | View Replies]

To: PugetSoundSoldier
However, it is inferred from one verse only (Luke 1:28), and we have multiple verses in all Gospels and in Acts talking of Jesus' brothers and sisters.

No, it's not inferred from just that one verse. It's inferred from reading that verse and other verses in the context of the Scriptures as a whole, from Genesis all the way through to John's Revelation -- and reading in the way the early Church Fathers did, and the way Christ and the Apostles did, which is typologically. To show you this, I would literally need to take you through just about every book in the Bible, starting with Genesis, to show how the Catholic interpretation of the NT Scriptures of Mary are typologically predicted throughout the OT, and also are fulfilled in the prophecies of John in Revelation, where Mary appears as the Ark of the Covenant. As I have already recommended, a good place to get this sweeping overview, but in a very accessible format, is to read Scott Hahn's book, Hail, Holy Queen.

My personal experience of being lead to this way of understanding Scripture, and coming to an insight into Mary's role in salvation, has been nothing short of life-transforming. I've always been Christian, but for the first time, when I learned to read the Bible typologically, the Scriptures came alive. It was like discovering a secret code that unlocked mysteries that I would have never even thought to contemplate in the first place, let alone could I have gained insight into them, without it. Granted, it does take a certain leap of faith to enter into the Lord's Word using typological hermeneutics, but this is how the Bible tells us to read it -- so I think you can take the leap from a position of Sola Scriptura and give it a try without feeling like you are relying on an extra-Biblical authority to do so. But let me explain.

In the letter to the Hebrews, the OT tabernacle and its rituals are described as "types and shadows of heavenly realities" (8:5), and the law as a "shadow of the good things to come" (10:1). St. Peter, in turn, noted that Noah and his family "were saved through water," and that "this prefigured baptism, which saves you now" (1 Pt 3:20-21). Peter's word translated as "prefigured" is actually the Greek word for "typify," or "make a type." The apostle Paul, for his part, described Adam as a "type" of Jesus Christ (Rom 5:14).

So what is a type? A type is a real person, place, thing, or event in the Old Testament that foreshadows something greater in the New Testament. From "type" we get the word "typology," the study of Christ's foreshadowing in the Old Testament (see also, Catechism, 128-130).

Again, we must emphasize that types are not ficitional symbols. They are literally true historical details. When St. Paul interpreted the story of Abraham's sons as "an allegory" (Gal 4:24), for example, he was not suggesting that the story never really happened; he was affirming it as history, but as history with a place in God's plan, history whose meaning was clear only after its eventual fulfillment.

Typology unveils more than the person of Christ; it also tells us about heaven, the Church, the apostles, the Eucharist, the places of Jesus' birth and death, and the person of Jesus' mother. From the first Christians we learn that the Jerusalem temple foreshadowed the heavenly dwelling of the saints in glory (2 Cor 5:1-2; Rev 21:9-22); that Israel prefigured the Church (Gal; 6:16); that the twelve Old Testament patriarchs prefigured the twelve New Testament apostles (Lk 22:30); and that the ark of the covenant was a type of the Blessed Virgin Mary (rev 11:19; 12:1-6,13-17).

In addition to Old Testament types explicitly discussed in the New Testament, there are many more that are implicit but obvious. For example., St. Joseph's role in the early life of Jesus follows the patriarch Joseph's role in the early life of Israel. The two men share the same name; both are described as "righteous," or "just"; both receive revelations in dreams; both find themselves exiled to Egypt; and both arrive on the scene in order to prepare the way for a greater event--in the patriarch Joseph's case, the exodus led by Moses, the Deliverer; in St. Joseph's case, the redemption brought about by Jesus, the Redeemer.

Marian types abound in the Old Testament. We find Mary prefigured in Eve, the mother of all the living; in Sarah, the wife of Abraham, who conceived her child miraculously; in the queen mother of Israel's monarchy, who interceded with the king on behalf of the people of the land; and in many other places, in many other ways (for example, Hannah and Esther). The type addressed most explicitly in the New Testament, the ark of the covenent, is especially well documented and can be demonstrated with overwhelming evidence, both Scriptural and extra-Biblical evidence. SEE HERE, for example.

But that's the key -- typological reading of the Scriptures as a whole, which unveils the depth and breadth of Catholic Mariology. We're not just relying on a few verses. In addition, we're following tradition, such as St. Jerome's defense of the doctrine of perpetual virginity, as I noted earlier.
210 posted on 07/20/2009 8:24:45 PM PDT by bdeaner (The bread which we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ? (1 Cor. 10:16))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 132 | View Replies]

To: bdeaner

I’ll try to write later about the church fathers. I don’t have much heartburn with those in the first few centuries, but it helps to remember that those living as early as 250 were as remote from the Apostles as we are from the Mexican War. That isn’t as remote as some might think - my great grandfather fought in the Civil War - but it isn’t exactly concurrent. This is all the more true given the difficulty in travel and how difficult it could be to access writings from many sources.

I read a book about the Civil War recently, and was struck by how utterly different culture was then. I’m still limping a bit 6 months after taking a tumble from a horse. There were guys then who had horses roll over them, who within a week were riding 50 miles a day and more in winter weather.

One Lt General, in battle, cut the head off of one man with a sword just before the man could kill his aide. He had over two dozen horses shot out from under him. I’ve met a number of 3 & 4 star Generals...we’re pretty remote from that culture as well.

By 400 AD, they were debating and excommunicating each other over issues like the exact nature of Jesus within the Trinity. Now the Trinity is plainly taught in Scripture, but it isn’t explored the way a Greek philosopher would - and that is how they debated it.

I’ve accused Luther of being the ‘Ann Coulter of the Reformation’, and I sometimes fall into the same trap. And it may be that I will need to back down from my statement. It certainly wouldn’t be the first time I’ve apologized!

However, by 400+ AD, most of the ‘fathers’ were acting as though they cared more about their rhetorical reputation and intellectual standing than they were caring for the flock. And by this time, they were as remote from the Apostles as we are from the American Revolution.

You talk of my hubris - which is pretty great, I’ll agree - but what about the hubris of someone who thinks they can not only reason out the inner workings of the Trinity, but do it so well as to damn to hell anyone who disagrees? My hubris is limited to saying that what God has revealed about Himself, we can accept, but we cannot fully reason out and comprehend. I’m humble compared to the church fathers.

My hubris is enough that I will substitute teach in a Sunday School class, but not enough for me to set myself up as The Authority Over All American Churches (ref the Coptic Church, and others).


“So an American in the 21st century—a TOTALLY different culture than that represented in the New Testament—with no direct access to the original Scriptures, reading a bad English translation, without the requisite background in Latin, koine Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic languages, knows better than the early Church Fathers living in the first several centuries of the Church...”

You overstate the case here. It is not uncommon to bridge cultures. My Filipina wife does it daily, and I’ve traveled to many different countries. The Greek and Hebrew texts we can buy on the Internet today are probably as good as what most had access to in 400 AD. I have a number of EXCELLENT translations, and lexicons and access to books of word studies that are useful. I have commentaries and studies written by people who are expert in all those languages.

What did strike me as I read about the church fathers this week was how familiar it seemed in spite of the time gap...the arrogance, the pettiness, and the concern for power.

Oh well. Like I said, I’ll write more later. If I need to apologize, I will. I’ve had lots of practice...


211 posted on 07/20/2009 8:31:40 PM PDT by Mr Rogers (I loathe the ground he slithers on!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 205 | View Replies]

To: bdeaner
A few points in which I disagree with your statement:

Referring to Mary as the NT Ark of the Covenant is a stretch as the AOC was representative of the Mercy Seat of God. It was kept in the Holy of Holies in the temple and was visited only by the Levite high priest once a year for the Day of Atonement sacrifice.

God's special Shekinah glory dwelt on the Mercy Seat atop the Ark of the Covenant. According to the prophet Jeremiah (3:15-17) the Ark of the Covenant will play an important future role.

The Ark of the Covenant was made of acacia wood and covered outside and inside in pure gold. It was 45 inches 27 inches by 27 inches. Three sacred things were placed inside the Ark of the Covenant. Inside were Aaron's sacred rod, which was used to perform miracles in front of Pharaoh; manna, which God gave the Israelites to eat in the wilderness; and, the Ten Commandments on tablets of stone.

To the ancient Hebrews, the Ark was both a divine manifestation and a talisman so powerful that they carried it with them into battle — a weapon of God.

With that history, I fail to see the comparison of the Ark to Mary. It sounds as if you are saying Mary is the new way to come into the presence of God. When Jesus was crucified, the veil that separated the Holy of Holies from the rest of the temple was ripped into two, showing that we can all approach the throne of God and the need for an atoning sacrifice was no longer needed. Jesus was the “Lamb of God who took away the sins of the world” and was the propitiation (satisfactory payment) for our sins and not just expiation (a covering only until the Messiah came).

212 posted on 07/20/2009 9:29:12 PM PDT by boatbums (Pro-woman, pro-child, pro-life!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 210 | View Replies]

To: NYer

If Mary were sinless, she would have committed a sin when she declared herself a sinner in need of redemption.

If Mary were sinless, the entire word of God would be made a lie. No savior would be needed if even one mortal were able to be born without sin. She had a mortal father, thus she lived a life punctuated by sin.


213 posted on 07/20/2009 9:36:04 PM PDT by editor-surveyor (The beginning of the O'Bummer administration looks a lot like the end of the Nixon administration)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Mr Rogers

That’s exactly my point, Mr. Rogers. Mary had no sons or stepsons to take care of her. She had no other children. Christ, who loved her, gave her to the disciple He loved most to take care of her. He found the best person He could for her so she wouldn’t be alone.

In the Aramaic language of Jesus’ time, there was no word for cousin. Jesus and the Apostles spoke Aramaic. When they related the good news of Christ to others, they used Aramaic. Everyone knew what they meant when they said “brothers.”

I’m not sure what your point is about John the Baptist. Jesus is the Firstborn, and labeled as such, to show that He is the fulfillment of the Scriptures about the Messiah. John did not need to be a Firstborn to be the great prophet he was and to fulfill Scripture.

In Mt 13:55-56 the Aramaic speaking relatives of Jesus are speaking of Him. They cite Mary of Nazareth as His mother and His 4 male cousins as His “brothers” because they have no word for cousins in Aramaic. All male and female cousins at the time were called brothers and sisters.

Jerome’s proof that the “brothers” were the sons of Mary the wife of Cleophas, while you may find it underwhelming, is more proof than you’ve got that they weren’t. Jerome was quite the scholar and he was examining the historical record in an era much closer to Jesus’ time than we are. I’ll take his word for it. He is a saint, after all.

I’m not sure what your point about Jesus at the Temple is. Of course, Christ was extraordinary. But there is no mention of siblings in the passage. Indeed the tone of the passage is that the trio of Mary, Joseph, and Jesus were very much alone. Only Mary and Joseph went to look for Him. No one else is mentioned. Again, you are straining too hard to make the Scriptures mean what you’d like them to mean. The Gospels go to great lengths to mention all the people who were distressed at one time or another by their love for Jesus: Peter, the Apostles, Mary and Joseph, Mary Magdalene- they were all distressed at times by Christ’s actions; yet Jesus is missing and lost and no mention is made of distressed siblings. Just parents.

I will be signing off this thread now. But I do have a final point. This thread has been an interesting and courteous discussion, for the most part. I try to follow 1 Pet 3:15 in defending the faith: “Always be prepared to make a defense to any one who calls you to do it with gentleness and respect.” And if you need more Scriptural evidence for that approach, check out Phil 1:15-16 which reads, “Some indeed preach Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from good will. The latter do it out of love, knowing that I am put here for the defense of the gospel.”


214 posted on 07/20/2009 10:46:57 PM PDT by Melian ("An unexamined life is not worth living." ~Socrates)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 207 | View Replies]

To: boatbums

Well, Mary IS a new way to come into the presence of God as she delivered Him, literally.


215 posted on 07/20/2009 10:55:39 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 212 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor
she declared herself a sinner in need of redemption

She did not. She declared Christ her Savior. She said nothing about her sin.

216 posted on 07/20/2009 10:57:37 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 213 | View Replies]

To: kosta50

That is where you lost me. Why can’t it be the Jewish ones? Paul could’ve certainly argued that he was the Christ from the Jewish Scripture.


217 posted on 07/21/2009 5:35:37 AM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 209 | View Replies]

To: Melian
That’s exactly my point, Mr. Rogers. Mary had no sons or stepsons to take care of her. She had no other children. Christ, who loved her, gave her to the disciple He loved most to take care of her. He found the best person He could for her so she wouldn’t be alone.

The answer will not be found in your religion, or your logic...

The answer will be found in the scriptures...

Joh 7:5 For neither did his brethren believe in him.

This is speaking of Jesus' brothers here...They did not believe He was the Messiah...So of course, Jesus sent His Mother to His favorite apostle, John rather than to His unbelieving brothers...

Obviously Jesus' brothers were saved 'after' the Resurrection...Jesus made a special appearance to His brother James, and likely the others as well...

1Co 15:7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

And we don't know one way or another, but Mary may have moved in with one of her Christian sons after they were saved...

Gal 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

BROTHER...Brother is Brother...

Luk 1:36 And behold thy cousin Elizabeth, she also hath conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her that is called barren.

COUSIN...Cousin is Cousin...Cousin is not Brother...

Col 4:10 Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner, saluteth you: and Mark, the cousin german of Barnabas, touching whom you have received commandments. If he come unto you, receive him.

Someone else's Cousin...Not, Brother...

There's no way around it...

Psa 69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.

And as you can see, it is prophesied in the OT in the Hebrew language that Jesus would have brothers and sisters...

There is nothing to dispute...

218 posted on 07/21/2009 6:17:37 AM PDT by Iscool (I don't understand all that I know...)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 214 | View Replies]

To: Melian

First, the Aramaic language seems to have a word for cousin. I base that on this web site: http://www.peshitta.org/lexicon/

I looked up the Aramaic word for cousin. It had one, and it differed from the word for brother.

Also, the NT was written in Greek. It sometimes transliterates Aramaic words, but if the Holy Spirit was truly guiding the writer, then the Holy Spirit could have led him to use the Greek word for cousin as well...at least ONCE! Think of all the confusion this would have relieved!

I find it a bit odd that Catholics read so much into just the participle in Luke 1.28, yet ignore words when looking at other verses.

I guess I don’t understand why Jesus needed the inaccurate title ‘firstborn’ to show his greatness, but John did not. Also, it seems a bit foolish for the Holy Spirit to lead a man to use a word that has an obvious, well accepted and yet - according to Catholics - inaccurate word to describe Jesus. If the rest of Matthew’s account doesn’t convince someone that Jesus is the Messiah, I doubt the inaccurate use of ‘firstborn’ in chapter 1 will sway them!

Jerome wrote nearly 400 years later, and admitted he was looking for a way to reconcile Mary’s lifelong virginity with Scripture. If you wish a fuller discussion, you might try this: http://books.google.com/books?id=cgQQAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR3&lr=&as_brr=0&output=html

Jerome’s theory contradicts other church fathers closer to the events - although they use stepbrothers.


219 posted on 07/21/2009 6:37:00 AM PDT by Mr Rogers (I loathe the ground he slithers on!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 214 | View Replies]

To: bdeaner
So when Mary is said to be 'full of grace,' this means she is full of righteousness that is not merited nor earned, endowed by God, specifically for the purpose of her becoming the unsoiled Ark within which the Word made flesh may be carried into the world.

No it does not mean that righteousness is the gift at all!!! We seem to be in agreement that the gift was not merited but the gift is all the blessings that go along with being the "Mother of the Lord", but there is no intrinsic righteousness built into the gift.

220 posted on 07/21/2009 7:31:27 AM PDT by DungeonMaster (I can reach across the aisle without even using my sights.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 148 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum; newgeezer
And what Scriptures were they searching? The Revelation of John? The four Gospels? Of course not - they were searching the Jewish texts. They were seeing whether the oral teachings of the Apostles were consistent with the Old Testament. They found that the oral teachings were consistent, and thus believed. See my post above addressed to Iscool, and how Scripture, at the end of the Gospel of John, specifically indicates it does not contain the whole of Christ's teachings.

Yes they obviously searched old testiment scriptures which is an even stronger argument for the excellence of the scriptures. The verse about Jesus doing more than what was written does not detract from the completion or excellence of the scriptures it just says tells us that the Holy Spirit, the perfect editor, did some editing yet gave us ALL we need.

221 posted on 07/21/2009 9:10:43 AM PDT by DungeonMaster (I can reach across the aisle without even using my sights.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 151 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
Where in the Jewish scriptures does it say that the Messiah will die for the sins of the world and be resurrected on the third day, and why do the Jews not believe it if it's in their scriptures?
222 posted on 07/21/2009 9:19:01 AM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 217 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor
If Mary were sinless, she would have committed a sin when she declared herself a sinner in need of redemption.

Where in Scripture does Mary declare herself a sinner?

223 posted on 07/21/2009 9:46:18 AM PDT by NYer ("One Who Prays Is Not Afraid; One Who Prays Is Never Alone"- Benedict XVI)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 213 | View Replies]

To: annalex
"She did not. She declared Christ her Savior. She said nothing about her sin."

I know that you have to be intelligent enough to see the absurdity of your statement. From what was she saved? (hell fire of course!)

Its unfortunate that you reject God's word.

224 posted on 07/21/2009 11:06:34 AM PDT by editor-surveyor (The beginning of the O'Bummer administration looks a lot like the end of the Nixon administration)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 216 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor

This Religion Forum thread is labeled “ecumenical” - that means no antagonism is allowed on this thread.


225 posted on 07/21/2009 11:13:01 AM PDT by Religion Moderator
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 224 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
It doesn't; however, the Jewish Scriptures do foreshadow the coming of the Messiah, no? Why does the Scripture searched have to explicitly spell it out?
226 posted on 07/21/2009 5:09:09 PM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 222 | View Replies]

To: DungeonMaster
Yes they obviously searched old testiment scriptures which is an even stronger argument for the excellence of the scriptures. The verse about Jesus doing more than what was written does not detract from the completion or excellence of the scriptures it just says tells us that the Holy Spirit, the perfect editor, did some editing yet gave us ALL we need.

Or, the Old Covenant was one of laws, and the New one is of faith. In order to live according to the law, you needed to have it written to know it, whereas under the New Covenant, you needed to eat the Bread of Life. Written Scripture is not necessary for that purpose.

227 posted on 07/21/2009 5:16:11 PM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 221 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
It doesn't; however, the Jewish Scriptures do foreshadow the coming of the Messiah, no? Why does the Scripture searched have to explicitly spell it out?

Because the foreshadowing is a nebulous matter, at best, a matter of personal (often hyperbolic) interpretations, and controversy. Besides, I though faith comes from God, not the Bible. Abraham, Noah, Job, etc., all had true faith (according to the Bible) without the scriptures. If one does not have faith, reading the Bible will not make him "see" the truth (because he hasn't been given the "eyes" to see), right? Yet Acts 17 seems to suggest otherwise.

228 posted on 07/21/2009 6:11:41 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 226 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
Besides, I though faith comes from God, not the Bible. Abraham, Noah, Job, etc., all had true faith (according to the Bible) without the scriptures.

It absolutely does, but God has given us the Scriptures to know Him better - as has been pointed out on this thread, Scripture *is* profitable, it is just not sufficient.

If one does not have faith, reading the Bible will not make him "see" the truth (because he hasn't been given the "eyes" to see), right? Yet Acts 17 seems to suggest otherwise

Agreed. But faith in God came to +Aquinas in a very different way than it came to +Teresa of Avila. Scripture, coupled with the oral teachings of Paul, is one path to Him - the Bereans apparently took that one.

229 posted on 07/21/2009 6:29:32 PM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 228 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
It absolutely does, but God has given us the Scriptures to know Him better

How do you know that?

Scripture, coupled with the oral teachings of Paul, is one path to Him - the Bereans apparently took that one

Scriptures didn't give them faith, as Acts 17 suggests because multittudes of Greeks believed Paul without the scriptures and foreshadowing metaphors.

230 posted on 07/21/2009 8:01:14 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 229 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
How do you know that?

2 Tim. 15: "The holy Scriptures...are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus."
If Scripture can make you wise, which leads to faith in Christ, then Scripture is a step to knowing God.

Scriptures didn't give them faith, as Acts 17 suggests because multittudes of Greeks believed Paul without the scriptures and foreshadowing metaphors.

I never said Scripture gave them faith. I said Scripture coupled with the preaching of Paul led to their belief. See above - Scripture can help prepare people for salvation.

231 posted on 07/21/2009 8:09:10 PM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 230 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
2 Tim.[3:]15: "The holy Scriptures...are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus."

You left out "since you were an infant." How can infants read the scripture? The whole verse makes no sense. It also implies that faith comes from reading the scriptures, and in this case implies that the Old Testament is sufficient to make you believe in Christ, which is patently wrong.

Regardless, it doesn't say that God gave us scriptures so that we may know him better, as you suggest.

I never said Scripture gave them faith. I said Scripture coupled with the preaching of Paul led to their belief. See above - Scripture can help prepare people for salvation.

What scriptures? Old Testament leads you to belief that Jesus is the Christ? I don't think so. What good is the New Testament if the Old one is sufficient?

232 posted on 07/21/2009 9:47:47 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 231 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor

That Mary was saved from committing a sin does not indicate she committed one.

I recently was saved from killing myself and my family by a street light. I did not break any traffic rules.


233 posted on 07/21/2009 11:10:14 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 224 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
It also implies that faith comes from reading the scriptures, and in this case implies that the Old Testament is sufficient to make you believe in Christ, which is patently wrong.

I'm afraid you and I disagree on how this verse is read. I do not believe it implies that the OT is sufficient; I believe it does say that the Gospel of Christ (in this case, through the oral teaching of Paul) is consistent with OT prophecy, and the OT illuminates and is the basis for the Gospel.

What scriptures? Old Testament leads you to belief that Jesus is the Christ? I don't think so. What good is the New Testament if the Old one is sufficient?

Again, and I'll leave it here, but, generally, yes, the OT can be a step to belief in Christ. It is not sufficient by itself.

234 posted on 07/22/2009 4:27:58 AM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 232 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
I believe it does say that the Gospel of Christ (in this case, through the oral teaching of Paul) is consistent with OT prophecy, and the OT illuminates and is the basis for the Gospel

But since there were pagan Greeks (multitudes) who accepted Paul's teaching without the scriptures from their infancy, it makes the scriptures irrelevant and unnecessary.

Besides, the OT prophesy is not all that clear-cut, or else the Jews in general would have recognized Christ purely on the basis of their scriptures.

One can argue that perhaps God didn't want them to, so what good is scripture is there is no God-given faith?

235 posted on 07/22/2009 8:19:46 AM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 234 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
But since there were pagan Greeks (multitudes) who accepted Paul's teaching without the scriptures from their infancy, it makes the scriptures irrelevant and unnecessary.

While I agree that Scripture isn't *necessary* to accept Christ, it doesn't follow that it is irrelevant. You might be able to kill a deer with a heavy rock. That means a rifle is unnecessary. But I don't think you'd argue that a rifle is irrelevant to such action - it is a different means to the same end.

Besides, the OT prophesy is not all that clear-cut, or else the Jews in general would have recognized Christ purely on the basis of their scriptures.

One can argue that perhaps God didn't want them to, so what good is scripture is there is no God-given faith?

Absolutely it is not clear-cut. And faith is necessary to fully comprehend Scripture. But God can use Scripture to build faith - how many stories are there of people changing in a hotel room after reading Gideon's Bible?

236 posted on 07/22/2009 8:45:21 AM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 235 | View Replies]

To: annalex

Mary was not saved from committing a sin. Mary committed many sins, as all humans do, and as God’s word plainly says.

If it were possible for a human to live a sinless life, there would have been no reason for our Lord to have suffered and die on the cross. (”there is none righteous, no not one”)


237 posted on 07/22/2009 3:52:31 PM PDT by editor-surveyor (The beginning of the O'Bummer administration looks a lot like the end of the Nixon administration)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 233 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
While I agree that Scripture isn't *necessary* to accept Christ, it doesn't follow that it is irrelevant. You might be able to kill a deer with a heavy rock. That means a rifle is unnecessary. But I don't think you'd argue that a rifle is irrelevant to such action - it is a different means to the same end

Agreed, but that makes the scriptures just one of many, indeed a limitless number of means available to the same end. Yet, most Protestants profess sola scriptura as the only way.

But God can use Scripture to build faith - how many stories are there of people changing in a hotel room after reading Gideon's Bible?

It's not what God can or cannot do, but what is necessary for faith to appear. Frankly it sounds a bit naive to say that God chooses to "download" faith to people like Paul, Job, Lot, Abraham or Noah, while subjecting others to life-long studies of scriptures. God is not partial or changing.

This thing about different means towards the same end sounds a bit like a rationalization to me although on the surface it "makes sense" in a human box. With God, rocks and rifles are not an issue. By definition, God is perfect and perfection does not come in different varieties.

238 posted on 07/22/2009 5:58:19 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 236 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
Agreed, but that makes the scriptures just one of many, indeed a limitless number of means available to the same end.

Even a central Amazonian knows God in a way, since the Natural law is still a portion of the Divine Law. He works as He sees fit. To think that Faith cannot be had outside the Scriptures, IMHO, is limiting to grace, and not a position I'd easily ascribe to.

Yet, most Protestants profess sola scriptura as the only way.

Indeed they do. Which is why I cannot follow them.

It's not what God can or cannot do, but what is necessary for faith to appear. Frankly it sounds a bit naive to say that God chooses to "download" faith to people like Paul, Job, Lot, Abraham or Noah, while subjecting others to life-long studies of scriptures. God is not partial or changing.

I would say that God generally beat Paul over the head with faith before he would accept it, rather than a "download." But, two things: (1) is it not your experience that some people generally have a greater faith, even among children raised in the same family? Why this is, I don't really have an answer...do you? (2) I don't believe people acquire faith from "life-long studies of Scripture." In order to have the patience to conduct such a task, you must have some faith as an impetus, I imagine. However, I believe faith can *grow* through study of God - Theology. One realm of such study is through His revelation in Scripture. Would you disagree?

This thing about different means towards the same end sounds a bit like a rationalization to me although on the surface it "makes sense" in a human box. With God, rocks and rifles are not an issue. By definition, God is perfect and perfection does not come in different varieties.

God is perfect, and immutable. Absolutely. We are not, and experience shows us that we generally approach things differently. Which is more pleasing to God: joining a celibate order and dedicating your life to prayer, or marrying and bringing forth a large, loving Christian family?

239 posted on 07/22/2009 6:20:30 PM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 238 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum

He works as He sees fit

I am not sure I buy that. The Bible is clear that God is impartial and that we should be impartial. Also, by analogy, we would not treat our children differently, making some work harder than others, or teaching some more and some less.

To think that Faith cannot be had outside the Scriptures, IMHO, is limiting to grace, and not a position I'd easily ascribe to.

Even scriptures tell us that faith existed before scriptures.

is it not your experience that some people generally have a greater faith, even among children raised in the same family? Why this is, I don't really have an answer...do you?

That depends how you define faith, but as far as their differences are concerned, I don't have a clue.

I don't believe people acquire faith from "life-long studies of Scripture." In order to have the patience to conduct such a task, you must have some faith as an impetus, I imagine.

There are well known theologians who are not believers.  They study theology because they are fascinated by it. In fact, some claim they became non-believers through it.

However, I believe faith can *grow* through study of God - Theology.

Theology is a study of God (Greek theos + logia), a study of what people wrote about God through their faith in him.  Some people may find theological arguments compelling because they express their beliefs in greater detail and in a more scholarly, authoritative way, thereby leading to a sense of "growing" in knowledge of God.

One realm of such study is through His revelation in Scripture. Would you disagree?

I am the wrong person to ask that question.

Which is more pleasing to God: joining a celibate order and dedicating your life to prayer, or marrying and bringing forth a large, loving Christian family?

Why can both not be 'pleasing' to God, just as there may be different innumerable paths towards faith?


240 posted on 07/22/2009 8:09:19 PM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 239 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor
Mary committed many sins

The scripture does not record any. It does, however, mention a penalty for laying baseless accusations.

If it were possible for a human to live a sinless life, there would have been no reason for our Lord to have suffered and die on the cross.

That doesn't follow. If there had been one sinner, and the rest were righteous, the salvation of that single sinner would have been sufficient for Jesus to die for him alone (see the discourse on the one lost sheep in the Gospel).

241 posted on 07/22/2009 11:14:19 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 237 | View Replies]

To: kosta50
I am not sure I buy that. The Bible is clear that God is impartial and that we should be impartial. Also, by analogy, we would not treat our children differently, making some work harder than others, or teaching some more and some less.

I don't know about that. I would argue he treated the Jews differently than he treated other peoples (treating his creation differently), or even Christ chose twelve out of many disciples (making some work harder than others).

There are well known theologians who are not believers. They study theology because they are fascinated by it. In fact, some claim they became non-believers through it.

I suppose I may have been defining terms a bit differently, but even fascination with Scripture is a faith in the idea of God, which is a very immature form of faith in Him.

Theology is a study of God (Greek theos + logia), a study of what people wrote about God through their faith in him. Some people may find theological arguments compelling because they express their beliefs in greater detail and in a more scholarly, authoritative way, thereby leading to a sense of "growing" in knowledge of God.

Agreed.

Why can both not be 'pleasing' to God, just as there may be different innumerable paths towards faith?

Agreed. If you'll excuse the question, where are we disagreeing? I have enjoyed this conversation, but I'm afraid I don't see any points of dispute anymore!

242 posted on 07/23/2009 4:40:46 AM PDT by thefrankbaum (Ad maiorem Dei gloriam)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 240 | View Replies]

To: annalex

That reply is not in sync with the basic Biblical premises of election, predestination, nor the kinsman redeemer.

A greater understanding of the Bible would be helpful in understanding the solid inviolate premise of the total depravity of man (Mary is included)


243 posted on 07/23/2009 7:57:07 AM PDT by editor-surveyor (The beginning of the O'Bummer administration looks a lot like the end of the Nixon administration)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 241 | View Replies]

To: thefrankbaum
I suppose I may have been defining terms a bit differently, but even fascination with Scripture is a faith in the idea of God, which is a very immature form of faith in Him

You are probably right. I think it is fair to say that most theologians were believers at the beginning of their studies, probably hoping to find more reasons to believe.

But for some, theology was a journey away from God for many reasons (Ehrhart, Pagels, etc). Others remained faithful but in quite an unorthodox way.

If you'll excuse the question, where are we disagreeing?

On pretty much everything. :)

I have enjoyed this conversation, but I'm afraid I don't see any points of dispute anymore!

I can see why. But that's because so far I have been stating the "official truth" rather than asking questions.

244 posted on 07/24/2009 12:31:02 AM PDT by kosta50 (Don't look up, the truth is all around you)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 242 | View Replies]

To: Salvation

You inferred that since the Angel says “Hail Mary full of grace,” that somehow that indicates that Scripture is telling us she is sinless. I replied with the definition of “grace” to clarify the point that in no way does “grace” or being “full of grace” imply that she is sinless. The “simple answer” is that grace is what sinners need and what God has extended to us. Mary was blessed, Mary was “full of grace,” but only Jesus Christ was without sin.


245 posted on 07/24/2009 12:56:36 PM PDT by ConservChristian
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 75 | View Replies]

To: editor-surveyor
solid inviolate premise of the total depravity of man

This is a theological fantasy invented by Luther, no such thing is actually in the Bible.

246 posted on 07/24/2009 8:57:53 PM PDT by annalex (http://www.catecheticsonline.com/CatenaAurea.php)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 243 | View Replies]

To: NYer

In regards to: BFHU> “Why did Mary offer a sin offering?” (July 19, 2009) It is a good article you posted, well written.

Also: the best explanation I have heard about ‘Mary being Immaculate’ was on the Catholic Answers radio show. A man who is not a Priest said something like this:

God is always testing us.
You are walking along a path with >your mother & you spot a mud-puddle. >Knowing your own mother would fall into the mud-puddle, do you:
1. Let her fall into the mud-puddle & >then save her by pulling her out of the puddle, or
2. Do you reach out & save your mother >before she falls into the mud-puddle?

We know that Jesus Christ kept the Commandments perfectly & honored both His Father & his >mother. Jesus Christ “redeemed Mary before she was conceived” & saved her >before falling into the mud-puddle of >sin.

Please tell God & your >own mother what you would do for your mother.

Mary is >our Mother too through Jesus Christ!
____

I like that example. I’m from the far-west. But that example sounds like a New Yawker,> ‘You tell us! What would you do?’


247 posted on 05/01/2012 7:44:36 AM PDT by gghd (A Pro-life Palinista & a member of the NRA)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: gghd

Thank you for the post and ping!


248 posted on 05/01/2012 3:45:01 PM PDT by NYer (Open to scriptural suggestions.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 247 | View Replies]

To: NYer
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. - Romans 3:23 KJV

Emphasis added.

249 posted on 05/29/2013 10:29:35 PM PDT by sargon
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: sargon
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God. - Romans 3:23 KJV

Nice to see this thread 'resurrected'. "all have sinned " only means that all are subject to original sin. The phrase also refers only to those able to commit sin. This is not everyone. For example, infants, the retarded, and the senile cannot sin. Jesus must be an exception to this rule. This means that Mary can be an exception as well. Note that the Greek word for all is "pantes."

250 posted on 05/30/2013 5:08:06 AM PDT by NYer ( "Run from places of sin as from the plague."--St John Climacus)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 249 | View Replies]


Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first previous 1-5051-100101-150151-200201-250 last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson