Skip to comments.The FReeper Foxhole Profiles Brigadier-General States Rights Gist - October 31st, 2004
Posted on 10/30/2004 11:54:08 PM PDT by snippy_about_it
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Brigadier-General States Rights Gist was a descendant of that gallant Marylander, Gen. Mordecai Gist, who distinguished himself at the battle of Camden in 1780, and at the Combahee in 1782, and subsequently resided at Charleston, at his death leaving two sons who bore the names of Independent and States. At the organization of the army of South Carolina early in 1861, States R. Gist was assigned to the position of adjutant and inspector general, in which capacity he rendered valuable service in the preparation for the occupation of Charleston harbor and the reduction of Fort Sumter.
He went to Virginia as a volunteer aide to General Bee, and at the critical moment in the first battle of Manassas, when Gen. J. E. Johnston rode to the front with the colors of the Fourth Alabama at his side, Beauregard relates that "noticing Col. S. R. Gist, an aide to General Bee, a young man whom I had known as adjutant-general of South Carolina, and whom I greatly esteemed, I presented him as an able and brave commander to the stricken regiment, who cheered their new leader, and maintained under him to the end of the day, their previous gallant behavior."
Gist was wounded in this action, but he subsequently he resumed his duties as adjutant-general, organizing South Carolina troops for the war, until in March, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general in the Confederate service, and ordered to report to General Pemberton, then in command of the department.
He was after this on duty on the South Carolina coast, in command east of James island in June, on that island from July; temporarily in command of the first district, and in December, 1862, in command of the troops ordered to the relief of Wilmington, until May, 1863, when he was ordered to take command of a brigade and go to the assistance of General Pemberton in Mississippi. Reaching Jackson his command formed part of the troops under J. E. Johnston, took part in the engagement of May 14th at Jackson, marched to the Big Black river just before the surrender of Vicksburg, and then returning to Jackson was besieged by Sherman.
His brigade comprised the Forty-sixth Georgia, Fourteenth Mississippi and Twenty-fourth South Carolina, the Sixteenth South Carolina soon afterward being substituted for the Mississippi regiment, and was assigned to the division of Gen. W. H. T. Walker. He fought gallantly at Chickamauga, commanding during part of the battle Ector's and Wilson's brigades, his own brigade being led by Colonel Colquitt, and on Sunday commanding Walker's division. At an important stage of the fight Gen. D. H. Hill called for Gist's brigade for dangerous duty, in the performance of which it suffered severely.
He continued in conspicuous and valuable service; during the battle of Missionary Ridge commanded Walker's division, and throughout the Atlanta campaign of 1864 was identified with that division. After the fall of General Walker he was transferred to Cheatham's division, which he commanded for some time during the fall campaign of that year.
Civil War Confederate Brigadier General.
Although his grave marker spells his middle name as Right, most period references show it as Rights.
Appointed Brigadier General on March 20, 1862, he fought at Chickamauga and the Atlanta campaign.
Fighting for the principles of his namesake, he was one of six Confederate general killed while in the doomed Confederate attack at the November 1864 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee.
Cause of death: Killed in battle
At the terribly destructive battle of Franklin, Tenn., he was one of the noblest of the brave men whose lives were sacrificed. Attended by Capt. H. D. Garden and Lieut. Frank Trenholm, of his staff, he rode down the front, and after ordering the charge and waving his hat to the Twenty-fourth, rode away in the smoke of battle, never more to be seen by the men he had commanded on so many fields. His horse was shot, and he was leading the right of the brigade on foot when he fell, pierced through the heart.
States Rights Gist was born in Union District S.C. on September 3, 1831. He attended what later became the University of South Carolina and Harvard. In Union, Gist practiced law and became involved in politics and the militia. He was a brigadier in the militia prior to the war and served as Inspector General of the State of South Carolina after secession.
His brother Joseph was also a Brigadier of the militia and was a Major in the Fifteenth South Carolina. His cousin, William Henry Gist, was Governor of the State of South Carolina during the war. Governor Gist's son, William Murena was also major of the Fifteenth and was killed in action at Knoxville. Gist war service began at First Manassas when he assumed command after the death of General Barnard Bee. He was promoted to Brigadier on March 20, 1862 and assigned to service in South Carolina. He took a brigade to Wilmington during the crisis there and then went to Mississippi with the unit that would bear his name. Gist was wounded at Chickamauga and rendered valuable service in the retreat from Missionary Ridge. Wounded again in the Atlanta campaign, his brigade was attached to John C. Brown's Division for the invasion of Tennessee. He was killed leading his troops forward after having been wounded at Franklin. He is buried at Trinity Episcopal with his friend, Bishop/General Ellison Capers.
Now there's a heck of a family history.
No kidding. There were lots of them and they were everywhere. Fought in the Indian Wars too. Christopher Gist scouted with George Washington when surveying the Ohio territory. I expect they are still around today.
Good night Sam.
Good morning Snippy.
Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Foxhole.
On This Day In History
Birthdates which occurred on October 31:
1345 Ferdinand I the wise one, king of Portugal (built navy)
1424 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk king of Poland/Hungary
1620 John Evelyn British diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin)
1632 Jan Vermeer Holland, painter (Procuress, The Astronomer)
1740 William Paca US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
1795 John Keats London, England, romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn)
1815 Karl Weierstrass Germany, mathematician (theory of functions)
1825 Raleigh Edward Colston Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
1826 Hugh Boyle Ewing Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1831 Daniel Butterfield Major General (Union volunteers)(Taps), died in 1901
1835 Adelbert Ames Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1933
1835 J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer German chemist (Nobel 1905
1860 Juliette Gordon Low Girl Scout founder
1887 Chiang Kai-shek Chekiang Province, China, pres of Nationalist China
1888 Sir George Hubert Wilkins Aust, polar explorer (Flying the Arctic)
1893 Sara Allgood Dublin Ireland, actress (Jane Eyre, Spiral Staircase)
1896 Ethel Waters Chester Pa, actress (Beulah)/singer (Stormy Weather)
1902 Eduard Franz Milwaukee Wisc, actor (Zorro)
1902 Willie Shaw race car driver (Indy 500-1937, 39, 40)
1912 Dale Evans Uvalde Tx, cowgirl (Roy Rogers Show)
1920 Dick Francis Wales, jockey/novelist (Whip Hand, High Stakes)
1922 Barbara Bel Geddes NYC, actress (Vertigo, Miss Ellie-Dallas, Caught)
1923 Hicks B Waldron Amsterdam NY, CEO (Avon)
1926 Shirley Dinsdale SF Calif, ventriloquist (Judy Splinters)
1930 Michael Collins Rome, Mjr Gen USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11)
1931 Dan Rather Wharton Tx, news anchor (CBS Evening News, 60 Minutes)
1937 Michael Landon Forest Hills NY, actor (Bonanza, Highway to Heaven)
1937 Tom Paxton Chicago, folk singer/songwriter (Forest Lawn)
1942 David Ogden Stiers Peoria Ill, actor (Winchester-M*A*S*H, Doc)
1944 Kinky Friedman Palestine Tx, country rocker (Ride 'em Jewboy)
1944 Sally Kirkland NYC, actress (Anna, Sting, Pvt Benjamin, Big Bad Mama)
1947 Deidre Hall Milwaukee, actress (Days of our Life, Our House)
1947 Frank Shorter US, marathon runner (Olympic-gold-1972)
1949 Terrence W Wilcutt Russellville Ky, Major USMC/astronaut
1950 Jane Pauley Indianapolis Indiana, newscaster (Today, NBC Weekend)
1950 John Candy Ontario Canada, comedian (SCTV, Uncle Buck)
1960 Reza Pahlavi Iran, son of Shah of Iran
1961 Larry Mullen Jr drummer (U2-I Will Follow)
1964 Amanda Sandrelli Rome Italy, actress (The Key)
1968 Vanilla Ice [Robert Van Winkle], rapper (Ice Ice Baby)
Here ya go Samwise the answer to your leaf problems, hehehehe
Although I would admit it might be a tad bit hard on the trees.
Well off to the races, have to get ready for the trick or treaters tonight.
I think we'll stick with the rakes, blowers, and mower. But thanks for the idea! LOL.
Via Instapundit here is Gerard Van der Leun's at American Digest 50 reasons to vote for George W. Bush.
Kind of says it all.
Read: Hebrews 11:32-12:3
The memory of the righteous is blessed, but the name of the wicked will rot. Proverbs 10:7
Bible In One Year: Jeremiah 22-23; Titus 1
The word Halloween comes from All Hallows Eve, which was the evening before a religious holiday in Medieval England that became known as All Saints' Day. It was a time set aside by the church to commemorate its saints.
Today's celebration of Halloween, however, is more closely related to pagan customs that originated in ancient Europe. The Druids believed that the spirits of the dead returned to their former haunts during the night of October 31, so they lit torches and set out food for these unwelcome visitors. They did this out of fear, thinking they would be harmed if they didn't.
The Bible warns against all dabbling in the occult and preoccupation with witches and ghosts. What then can Christians do? One enterprising pastor had a special gathering in which he asked some of the church people to come dressed in the costumes of Bible heroes and the great saints of church history. In a dramatic way they were calling to mind the sufficiency of God's grace in the lives of His people.
Yes, the example set by that great "cloud of witnesses" in Hebrews 12:1 encourages our faith. Remembering them on Halloween can remind us of the triumph of trusting the Lord. Herb Vander Lugt
Looks like another mixed bag of weather. At least most of the leaves are now down.
Works for me. :-)
Parents do play some really mean tricks with naming their children.
WOW! Can you get a permit to do that?
Thanks for the link alfa6. You're correct, it does say it all and very well.
I heard in Washington State there are some communities banning Halloween celebrations because it offends the Wiccans. How far we've gone down the raod of diversity.
This is starting to sound like most home projects, "The Neverending Project"
Yeah, poor Hobbit Lass Gamgee. :^)
The first time I came accross the name States Rights Gist in the Shelby Foote books, I re-read the sentence half a dozen times, thinking it was a misprint. Then a friend explained to me that in the 1820s-1840s sectionalism, federalism and polycentricism were on the minds of many folks, especially southerners.
Walter Brian Cisco recently published a full-leng biography on Wade Hampton and I was happy to see the box from the History Book Club on Friday. Cisco has also written a biography on Gist, titled States Rights Gist: A South Carolina General of the Civil War.
good post - thanks
We had 12 kids come by for Halloween. It was fun. There was a carnival at the church on the highway at the same time.
Bedlam was exciting yesterday. Right down to the wire. OU 38 OSU 35 was the final.
How's it going, Snippy?
LOL. In my past life when I worked for the Government, you should have seen some of the names folks were giving their children. I remember one from back in the mid 80's, (a girl of course) named Equal Rights Amendment. I don't recall the last name but it was something common, like Jones or Smith. I've seen worse names like Misery, Grief, etc. Those parents should get what they asked for. ;-)
Good morning Aeronaut.
LOL. I can't believe I've never heard that before. Zombie is a good one, too!
Hopefully you'll finish soon and get a well deserved long winter's nap.
It does say it all but to the choir I'm afraid. Won't change any of the idiotic dims minds.
I've always hated Halloween. I just never thought it was a good idea to have children go up to stranger's houses and get candy. Then we tell our children not to accept candy from strangers. Of course in the "old days" you knew your neighbors, but I know for a fact that the past 20 years or so I've not known 99% of the people coming to my door for treats.
Matthew this a beautifully written sentiment. May God Bless our Polish allies.
The first time I heard it was while watching something on the History Channel. I thought I was hearing things, huh?... what?, then I thought it must be a nickname and immediately headed for the computer to google it. Pretty cool I thought and just had to find enough to do a thread on him.
I'd love to get the book on him, perhaps the library will have it. Thanks for fallin in today sbc.
Ahhh. The Foxhole Sunday theme song. Sure is pretty. Thanks feather.
Another great read about a military mind who knew the country he was fighting for and the true freedom it sought.
. . . off to Fellowship, will talk later. God bless.
btw- see post 40. :-)
Political commmentators emphasize that the stance of the Polish people is quite contrary to the Spaniards and even the British.
I would expect no less from the Polish people. They've proved their resolve many times in the past, I don't believe they've changed.
Gamgee is a good Hobbit name. :-)
I had to do a double take the first time I saw the name too. Thought it was a nckname like "Stonewall".
We sgould be getting our Trick or Treaters this evening. Not sure what the turnout will be, it varies so much year to year. Unless the weather changes this evening it's been clear all day so turnout should be good this year.
It seems every so often the West has to kick Islam back under it's rock by force. Let's hope we're up to it this time.
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