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The FReeper Foxhole Profiles Fightin' Joe Wheeler - June 30th, 2005
Military History Magazine | June 1998 | David R. Smith

Posted on 06/30/2005 1:20:09 AM PDT by SAMWolf



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.


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U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

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General Joseph Wheeler
(1836 - 1906)

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Fightin' Joe Wheeler lived up to his name in two wars and in two uniforms -- one gray, one blue.

Joseph Wheeler first gained the notice of his superiors as a Confederate lieutenant colonel at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862. After fighting all day, he led his men, who were out of ammunition, in a bayonet attack against Union artillerymen defending Pittsburg Landing. The next day, when the army was forced to retreat, Wheeler's regiment was chosen to serve as rear guard. His grit and determination, which had much to do with the safe escape of the Southern army, earned him a promotion to full colonel. Wheeler was then just 25 years old -- so young that he called himself "the War Child."



Born in Augusta, Ga., on September 10, 1836, Joseph Wheeler grew up in the North. He went to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, finishing a low 19th in his class of 1859. His worst grades were in cavalry tactics; nevertheless he was assigned to the Mounted Dragoons and fought Indians on the frontier for almost two years. When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, he joined the Confederacy, and family connections won him an appointment as a lieutenant colonel in the 19th Alabama Infantry.

When General Braxton Bragg took over the Army of Tennessee shortly after Shiloh, he remembered the young colonel's boldness and skill. In spite of his academy grades, Wheeler got the job as Bragg's cavalry commander in July 1862.

After Shiloh, the Union army was spread out all over Tennessee, and Bragg saw a chance to strike. With Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith in support, he cut through Tennessee and drove deep into Kentucky. Wheeler's cavalry screened and scouted for Bragg, fighting more than two dozen battles.



When Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell finally reacted to the threat, Wheeler's worn-out horsemen could not find the main body of the Union Army of the Ohio. In a daze, Bragg sent Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk's corps out to fight the entire Union army at Perryville on October 8, 1862. Wheeler, who was with Polk, bluffed one Union corps out of the fight with just 1,400 horsemen. Polk fought the rest of the army to a draw, but the invasion of Kentucky was over.

Now the question for the Confederates was how to get out of Federal territory. Neither Bragg nor Smith thought they could make the journey with their wagons or cannons. Wheeler again took rear-guard duty. His men fought all day and worked all night, blocking every road the Union army could use. The retirement went on for a long, tense week, but in the end it paid off. The Confederates got out not only their own equipment but also the 30 guns and 400 wagons they had taken from the enemy. Wheeler received the star of a brigadier general.

Major General William Starke Rosecrans took over the Union Army of the Cumberland on October 27, absorbing Buell's former command. On the day after Christmas, he moved against the new Southern base at Murfreesboro, Tenn. Bragg sent Wheeler to slow the Union force while he gathered his own men. Then on December 29, he turned Wheeler loose in the Union rear. Wheeler led his men completely around the Union army, making it back before the battle started. On the way, he took nearly 1,000 prisoners, captured or killed hundreds of horses and mules and burned four Union wagon trains. Wheeler and his tired men rested during most of the two-day battle, getting in only a little fighting on the last day.



Although the South saw the Battle of Murfreesboro as a victory, Rosecrans still had the strongest army, and he stood fast. For two nights Wheeler prodded the Union rear. Hearing wagons moving, he thought Rosecrans was retreating. He was wrong -- the wagons were only hauling away the wounded. Finally, it was Bragg who retreated.

Two weeks later, Wheeler was back behind the Union army. On January 13, 1863, he hit Harpeth Shoals, northwest of Nashville, turning his cannons against the ships on the Cumberland River and stopping traffic for days.

In early February 1863, Wheeler struck Dover, Tenn. Brigadier General Nathan Bedford Forrest, the "Wizard of the Saddle," was with him on that sortie. The Confederates outnumbered the Union force, but Forrest argued that Union fortifications would give the Federals an edge.


Wheeler's Cavalry Capturing a Federal Supply Train. J. F. E. Hillen.


He was right. The Rebels were badly shot up. Forrest himself had two horses killed under him. Never a good loser, he turned on his youthful commander with such fury that aides barely prevented a duel. As it was, Forrest swore he would resign if forced to serve under Wheeler again.

Wheeler and his troopers next struck a double blow against the Union railroads, shooting up one train and capturing another. Their haul included 70 Union prisoners, 40 freed Confederates and $30,000 in cash. The total human cost for both attacks was one man wounded.



TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: biography; civilwar; confedracy; cuba; freeperfoxhole; generalwheeler; spanishamericanwar; union; veterans; warbetweenstates
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When he was not in the field, Wheeler found time to write a new Confederate cavalry manual. Among the first to recognize that the day of the mounted charge was over, he advised troopers to ride to battle but fight on foot. That was a lesson many officers had still not learned 50 years later.



Throughout the long summer of 1863, Bragg pulled back before the weight of the Union army. Wheeler watched one flank, Forrest the other. Unable to keep Union raiders at bay, Wheeler was criticized in the Southern press for the first time. The Confederate retreat stopped at Chickamauga Creek. There, on September 19, Bragg hit Rosecrans with everything he had. Wheeler's men drove the Union horsemen from the field, then joined Lt. Gen. James Longstreet as he hammered the Union infantry. By nightfall, a beaten Rosecrans was pulling back to Chattanooga.

Ten days after the battle, Wheeler hit the Union army from behind again. Crossing the Tennessee River, he burned two depots and 400 wagons before rain slowed his progress and the Federals caught up with him. He fought a running battle back to the Tennessee River, losing half of his cannons and a quarter of his men. The high cost of the raid made it his last under Bragg.



Wheeler wasted a month in Knoxville with Longstreet, then rejoined Bragg in Dalton after Bragg's whipping at Chatta-nooga at the hands of the new Union commander in the West, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. During the winter, both armies got new leaders. Bragg was replaced by General Joseph Eggleston Johnston. Grant moved east, and Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman stepped into his old command.

On May 7, 1864, Sherman moved forward, starting the Confederates on a two-month-long retreat. Each time they made a stand, the Union troops slipped around a flank and it all started again. Wheeler did some of his best work during that period. Time after time his scouting and screening warned Johnston of Union moves before they could spring the trap on him. In spite of that, Wheeler felt the wrath of the Southern press once more. They did not want retreats, no matter how well handled. They wanted victories. And they wanted Wheeler raiding in the Union army's rear, not reconnoitering.

The Confederate government, like the press, wanted more action. As the Union army crossed the Chattahoochee River, word came from Richmond that Johnston was being relieved of his command. John Bell Hood, promoted to the temporary rank of general, took his place.


"General Hood. We have just completed the killing, capturing, and breaking up the entire raiding party under General McCook--some nine hunderd and fifty prisoners--two pieces of Artillery, and twelve hundred horses and equipments captured."
General Joseph Wheeler CSA

"I can hardly believe it...," a stunned Sherman wired General Halleck. "McCook had 3,000 picked cavalry..."
Gen. William T. Sherman


Hood's mandate was to attack. Wheeler's cavalry and one corps of infantry guarded the right, while the rest of the army hit the left at Peachtree Creek on July 20. When that produced no gain, Hood tried the other side of the Union line on the 22nd, again without success. In support of the second attack, he sent Wheeler on a raid behind the Union forces. That, too, failed.

Going on the offensive, Sherman moved on Ezra Church, west of Atlanta, on July 27. At the same time, he sent two cavalry forces against the railroad at Jonesboro. Brigadier General Edward M. McCook, on the right, had 3,500 men, while Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, on the left, had 6,500. Stoneman also hoped to free Union soldiers in prisoner-of-war camps at Macon and Andersonville. He split his force, leading a third against the prison camps and sending the rest, under Brig. Gen. Kenner Garrard, to meet McCook. Wheeler, with less than 7,000 troopers, was ordered to stop them.

Wheeler hit Garrard first at Flat Shoals on July 28, turning him back 15 miles from his starting point. Wheeler then split his force, sending half of it after Stoneman. The rest of the troopers he led against McCook, whom he spotted at Lovejoy Station on July 30. Having already done considerable damage, McCook fled at Wheeler's approach. In a running battle, McCook lost about 500 men, his entire pack train and two guns.


General Joseph Wheeler & His daughter Annie Early Wheeler


Stoneman's column reached Macon on July 30, but the troopers were held on the outskirts of town by the Georgia Militia. Three of Wheeler's brigades, under Brig. Gen. Alfred Iverson, arrived the next day and cut Stoneman off at Sunshine Creek. Like McCook, Stoneman ran for it -- and like McCook, he did not make it. Stoneman made a stand with one brigade at Hillsboro, hoping to slow the Southern horsemen long enough for his other two brigades to get away. He was overrun, and instead of freeing the Union prisoners, he and 700 of his troopers joined them. One of Stoneman's other brigades was also caught and destroyed.
1 posted on 06/30/2005 1:20:10 AM PDT by SAMWolf
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To: snippy_about_it; radu; Victoria Delsoul; LaDivaLoca; TEXOKIE; cherry_bomb88; Bethbg79; Pippin; ...
Hood, full of praise for Wheeler, sent the cavalryman forth again in less than a week. At the same time, he sent Forrest in another direction. Hood was "hopeful that this combined movement would compel Sherman to retreat for want of supplies, and thus allow me an opportunity to fall upon his rear with our main body."


McKinley (left) and General Wheeler (right) inspect a military hospital on Montauk Point


In five days, Wheeler's men ripped up 30 miles of railroad track and burned a bridge on the Etowah River. They ordered Union troops in Dalton to surrender on August 14, but Colonel Bernard Laiboldt's men held off two assaults in two days. After that, Wheeler headed northeast, almost to Knoxville, burning a second bridge at Strawberry Plains. Then he crossed the Tennessee River and turned southwest.

Wheeler tore up more railroad tracks on the way to Tuscumbia, Ala. On his 28th birthday, he crossed back to the south side of the river, saying later that he "averaged 25 miles a day, swam or forded 27 rivers" and seized "1,000 horses and mules, 200 wagons, 600 prisoners and 1,700 head of beef cattle." Wheeler's cavalry force also "captured, killed or wounded three times the greatest effective strength it has ever been able to carry into action." He lost 150 men killed and wounded, along with a number of stragglers who were captured.


Teddy Roosevely with General Joseph Wheeler and Leonard Wood 1898


But all of Wheeler's efforts were not enough. Hood now learned the same lesson Sherman had: Cavalry raids alone could not compel an enemy to retreat. Worse, while Wheeler and Forrest were away, Hood was driven out of Atlanta on September 1. When Hood marched north, Wheeler was left behind, becoming the only major force opposing Sherman in his March to the Sea. For the most part, he was not strong enough even to make Sherman pay attention to him.

But "Fightin' Joe" Wheeler's men continued to fight -- first under Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton, then under Joe Johnston -- holding off the Federals as best they could until they heard of Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865. Wheeler fled for Texas, hoping to keep up the fight from there. It was not to be. His party was caught just east of Atlanta.


Major George Dann, Major Brodie, General Joseph Wheeler, Chaplain Brown, Colonel Leonard Wood, and Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, June 1898. This photo was taken at the American embarkation camp at Tampa, Florida, just before the voyage to Santiago de Cuba (Photo by U.S. Army Signal Corps; print acquired by Philip S. Hench).


Wheeler spent two months in prison. After his parole, he married a woman he had met during the war. They moved to Loui-siana and opened a hardware store. Four years later, he sold the store and bought a farm in Alabama, near his wife's family. He then passed the bar and set up a law practice. In 1880 Wheeler ran for a seat in the House of Representatives and lost, but he won in 1883, serving for the next 16 years. The Army remained his first love, and he kept up with it through an appointment to the House Military Affairs Committee.

When war with Spain came in 1898, President William McKinley commissioned a number of ex-Confederates, Wheeler among them. Now a major general of U.S. Volunteers, Wheeler commanded the Cavalry Division in the invasion of Cuba. Malaria compelled Wheeler to relinquish command of the division to brevet Brig. Gen. Samuel S. Sumner before the assaults up San Juan Hill and Kettle Hill on July 1, but Wheeler managed to rise from his sick-bed in time to participate in the battle. At the sight of blue-coated Spaniards retreating, he reportedly yelled: "Hurrah! We've got the damn Yankees on the run!"



After the war, he lost a bid to regain his old House seat and returned to the Army with a regular commission as a brigadier general. After commanding a brigade in the Philippines between August 1899 and January 1900, followed by a brief command of the Department of the Lakes, he retired on September 10, 1900, and spent his last years traveling around the country. The former scourge of the Yankees died in Brooklyn, N.Y., on January 25, 1906.

Additional Sources:

sherpaguides.com/georgia
www.cs.amedd.army.mil
freepages.books.rootsweb.com
www.rootsweb.com
www.cr.nps.gov
www.med.virginia.edu
www.cubaheritage.com
www.generalsandbrevets.com
www.webbgarrison.com
www.battleofbrownsmill.org

2 posted on 06/30/2005 1:21:39 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: All
General Joseph "Fightin Joe" Wheeler


General Joseph Wheeler was the only one of 425 Confederate general officers to attain the same rank later in the United States Army. Three decades after he commanded Confederate cavalry forces, he volunteered at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War and was commissioned a Major General of Volunteers in Cuba. He later became a Brigadier General of the Regular Army in the Philippines.



Fresh from the West Point class of 1858, with strong personal convictions and unshakable courage, he fought for his native Georgia at the outbreak of the Civil War and won fame as a cavalryman. During the Civil War he was in more than 500 skirmishes; commanded in 127 full-scale battles; had 18 horses shot from under him; and lost 36 staff officers from his side.

"Fighting Joe" moved to Alabama in 1869, practiced law, and operated his plantation in Lawrence County. He was elected to Congress in 1884 and to successive terms until 1898, when he again entered military service. It was his intense desire to show that Southerners could be counted on as citizens of the United States that prompted him to volunteer, at 62, for service in the Spanish-American War.



During one of the engagements of the Spanish-American War, General Wheeler started on the two-mile journey to the front in an ambulance (he was suffering from yellow fever). About halfway to the front, he met some litters bearing wounded. The veteran General against the protest of the surgeons, immediately ordered his horse, and after personally assisting the wounded into the ambulance, mounted and rode onward. The men burst into frantic cheers, which followed the General all along the line.



James Lindsay Gordon in the New York Tribune wrote the following poem to mark the moment:

General Wheeler at Santigo


Into the thick of the fight he went, pallid and sick and wan,
Borne in an ambulance to the front, a ghostly wisp of a man;
But the fighting soul of a fighting man, approved in the long ago,
Went to the front in that ambulance and the body of Fighting Joe.

Out from the front they were coming back, smitten of Spanish shells
Wounded boys from the Vermont hills and the Alabama dells;
"Put them into this ambulance; I’ll ride to the front," he said:
And he climbed to the saddle and rode right on, that little old ex-Confed

From end to end of the long blue ranks rose up the ringing cheers,
And many a powder-blackened face furrowed with sodden tears,
As with flashing eyes and gleaming sword, and hair and beard of snow,
Into the hell of shot and shell road little old Fighting Joe!

Sick with fever and racked with pain, he could not stay away,
For he heard the song of the yester-years in the deep-mouthed cannon’s bay
He heard in the calling song of the guns there was work for him to do,
Where his country’s best blood splashed and flowed ‘round the old Red, White and Blue.

Fevered body and hero heart! This Union’s heart to you
Beats cut in love and reverence --- and to each dear boy in blue
Who stood or fell mid the shot and shell, and cheered in the face of the foe,
As, wan and white, to the heart of the fight rode little old Fighting Joe!

General Joseph Wheeler died in 1906 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.


3 posted on 06/30/2005 1:22:07 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: SAMWolf


Veterans for Constitution Restoration is a non-profit, non-partisan educational and grassroots activist organization. The primary area of concern to all VetsCoR members is that our national and local educational systems fall short in teaching students and all American citizens the history and underlying principles on which our Constitutional republic-based system of self-government was founded. VetsCoR members are also very concerned that the Federal government long ago over-stepped its limited authority as clearly specified in the United States Constitution, as well as the Founding Fathers' supporting letters, essays, and other public documents.





Actively seeking volunteers to provide this valuable service to Veterans and their families.




We here at Blue Stars For A Safe Return are working hard to honor all of our military, past and present, and their families. Inlcuding the veterans, and POW/MIA's. I feel that not enough is done to recognize the past efforts of the veterans, and remember those who have never been found.

I realized that our Veterans have no "official" seal, so we created one as part of that recognition. To see what it looks like and the Star that we have dedicated to you, the Veteran, please check out our site.

Veterans Wall of Honor

Blue Stars for a Safe Return


UPDATED THROUGH APRIL 2004




The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul

Click on Hagar for
"The FReeper Foxhole Compiled List of Daily Threads"



LINK TO FOXHOLE THREADS INDEXED by PAR35

4 posted on 06/30/2005 1:22:31 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: Bigturbowski; ruoflaw; Bombardier; Steelerfan; SafeReturn; Brad's Gramma; AZamericonnie; SZonian; ..



"FALL IN" to the FReeper Foxhole!



Good Thursday Morning Everyone.

If you want to be added to our ping list, let us know.


5 posted on 06/30/2005 1:33:02 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning Snippy.


6 posted on 06/30/2005 1:36:38 AM PDT by Aeronaut (2 Chronicles 7:14.)
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To: Aeronaut

Morning Aeronaut.


7 posted on 06/30/2005 1:43:12 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: SAMWolf

Hey Sam.


8 posted on 06/30/2005 1:47:00 AM PDT by Aeronaut (2 Chronicles 7:14.)
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To: SAMWolf

Looks like General Wheeler went to the Spanish-American War when he was 62 years of age. If he could do it I can.

Figure I probably could do it when a lot older than 62, since I for sure am a lot meaner old galoot!!!!!!!

Fitness program making a little headway. It is wonderful.

Roy Rogers: "Let me handle that for you, Gabby, I am a lot younger than you are."

Gabby Hayes: "You are, are you? Well, you'll have to prove it!!"


9 posted on 06/30/2005 1:52:25 AM PDT by Iris7 ("War means fighting, and fighting means killing." - Bedford Forrest)
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To: snippy_about_it

Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the foxhole.


10 posted on 06/30/2005 3:02:00 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All


June 30, 2005

Instinctively Wrong

Read:
Jude 1:18-20

You, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, keep yourselves in the love of God. —Jude 1:20

Bible In One Year: Amos 7-9

cover Saul Gellerman, in his book How People Work, says, "Solving tough organizational problems may require counter-intuitive strategies." In business, counter-intuitive is a fancy way of referring to ideas that go against common sense.

Consultants who advocate such thinking are simply reinforcing the advice of Jesus. Over and over, He urged His followers to do what God said was right, not what desire, instinct, and intuition told them to do.

Desire says, "I want it." Jesus said, "It is more blessed to give than to receive" (Acts 20:35).

Instinct says, "Me first." Jesus said, "The last will be first, and the first last" (Matthew 20:16).

Intuition says, "I'll feel better if I get revenge." Jesus said, "Do good to those who hate you" (Luke 6:27).

Wanting something doesn't make it good. Achieving something doesn't make it valuable. And having strong feelings about something doesn't make it right. As Jude wrote, those who follow their own desires and instincts lead others into conflict and division (1:18-19).

The alternative is to be spiritual, which means doing what does not come naturally. In fact, it requires supernatural strength that only God can give. —Julie Ackerman Link

More about Jesus would I know,
More of His grace to others show,
More of His saving fullness see,
More of His love who died for me. —Hewitt

You can trust your instincts when you are trusting Christ.

FOR FURTHER STUDY
10 Reasons To Believe Real Christians Can Look Like They're Not

11 posted on 06/30/2005 3:03:42 AM PDT by The Mayor ( Pray as if everything depends on God; work as if everything depends on you.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Greetings youngsters .... just stopped by to wish you both, and everyone in the foxhole, an enjoyable and SAFE 4th of July weekend!!! I'll be out of town and off the 'puter till the 5th, so I'm gonna have a lot of catching up to do when I get home .... :)

MEMO to the NAVY: If the government can recall Gen. Wheeler at age 62 .... then you can recall ME in the current war!!!

±

"The Era of Osama lasted about an hour, from the time the first plane hit the tower to the moment the General Militia of Flight 93 reported for duty."
Toward FREEDOM

12 posted on 06/30/2005 3:37:26 AM PDT by Neil E. Wright (An oath is FOREVER)
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To: Iris7
Morning Iris7.

Fitness program making a little headway

I think I'm way beyond any help. :-(

13 posted on 06/30/2005 3:45:25 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: E.G.C.

Morning E.G.C.

Looks like it's gonna a be a good day weather wise. :-)


14 posted on 06/30/2005 3:46:04 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: The Mayor

Morning Mayor.


15 posted on 06/30/2005 3:46:37 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: Neil E. Wright

Morning Neil.

Enjoy your 4th and stay safe.


16 posted on 06/30/2005 3:47:21 AM PDT by SAMWolf (How do you tell when you run out of invisible ink?)
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To: snippy_about_it

Good morning ALL, another hot, humid, hazy day in Memphis.


17 posted on 06/30/2005 3:48:17 AM PDT by GailA (Glory be to GOD and his only son Jesus.)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it
Good morning folks.

Gonna be a hot day today. Forecast high 101.

One day away from the pacemaker replacement procedure for my Dad. Getting ready for it.

How's it going, Snippy?

18 posted on 06/30/2005 4:11:33 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: SAMWolf
The reputation of Wheeler's cavalry suffered after Atlanta, in large part to depredations they committed against Georgia civilians when they, in theory, tried to impede Sherman's March to the Sea.

Wheeler almost caught Judson "Kill Cavalry" Kilpatrick in flagrente delecto with a Southern lady not his wife, resulting in Kilpatrick fleeing the scene at a gallop, in his underwear.Like most Cavalrymen in the West [with the exception of Forrest, Wilson, and Grierson's Raid], Wheeler had no substantial strategic impact on the war.And except for Holly Springs, the long distance raid proved to be of ephemeral, and negligible military value.
19 posted on 06/30/2005 4:19:42 AM PDT by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; All
Thursday Bump for the Freeper Foxhole. Just had a brief thundershower move through the Kansas City area.

Hope to get the slide assembled and installed today if I can round up some extra muscle help.

A Thursday funnie pic since I did not have any on topic pics.

Regards

alfa6 ;>}

20 posted on 06/30/2005 5:28:39 AM PDT by alfa6 (Rest, ve don't need no stinkin Rest)
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To: snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Samwise; Peanut Gallery; Wneighbor
Good morning ladies. Flag-o-Gram.

For you Texas Tech fans, Get Your (spud) Guns Up!


21 posted on 06/30/2005 5:51:30 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: alfa6

Snicker


22 posted on 06/30/2005 5:58:57 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: SAMWolf

On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on June 30:
1470 Charles VIII king of France (1483-98), invaded Italy
1685 John Gay author (Baggars' Opera)
1768 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe 1st lady
1819 William A Wheeler (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
1837 Stephen D Ramseur youngest West Pointer to be Maj Gen
1894 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin (arch duke Ferdinand)
1898 George Chandler Waukegan Ill, actor (Lassie)
1911 Czeslaw Milosz Polish/American writer (Nobel 1980)
1912 Dan Reeves NFL team owner (Cleveland/LA Rams)
1916 David Wayne actor (Adam's Rib, Andromeda Strain, 3 Faces of Eve)
1917 Buddy Rich Bkln NY, drummer/orch leader (Buddy Rich Band-Away We Go)
1917 Lena Horne Bkln NY, singer (Stormy Weather)
1918 Susan Hayward Flatbush Bkln, actress (I Want to Live, Tulsa)
1934 Harry Blackstone Jr magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion)
1942 Robert Ballard, explorer/geologist/author/discoverer (Titanic in 1985)
1944 Ron Swoboda baseball outfielder (NY Yankees, NY Mets)
1950 Donna Jean Willmott Akron Ohio, FALN member (FBI most wanted)
1951 Stephen S Oswald Seattle Washington, astronaut (STS 42)
1966 "Iron" Mike Tyson heavyweight boxing champ (1986-90)
1981 Allison Schroeder, Miss Wisconsin Teen USA (1997)



Deaths which occurred on June 30:
1109 Alfonso VI, (imperator totius Hispaniae), king of Leon, dies
1520 Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor, killed
1685 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
1862 Richard Griffith, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 48
1882 Charles J Guiteau, assassin (Pres Garfield), hanged
1934 Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-leader, murdered I mean meets with an unfortunate accident at 42
1934 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, shot while escaping.
1934 Ernst Roehm (46), gay leader of the Nazi SA shoot self
1961 Dr Lee De Forest radio pioneer, dies at 87
1971 3 cosmonauts die as Soyuz XI depressurizes during reentry
1973 Elmer Layden one of Notre Dame's legendary 4-horsemen, died
1974 Mrs Albert King mother of Martin Luther King, murdered in church
1983 Mary Livingstone actress (Jack Benny Show), dies at 75
1984 Lillian Hellman playwright, dies of cardiac arrest at 79
1985 James A. Dewar, creator of the Twinkie (1930), died.
1993 George "Spanky" McFarland, child actor (Our Gang), dies at age 65
2001 Chet Atkins (77), guitarist dies


GWOT Casualties

Iraq
30-Jun-2004 1 | US: 1 | UK: 0 | Other: 0
US Specialist Robert L. DuSang Iraq-Kuwait border (N of) Non-hostile - vehicle accident

Afghanistan / Other
06/30/04 McGee, Robert K. Staff Sergeant 38 Army 2nd Battalion, 1st Special Forces Group Non-hostile - non-combat related injuries Manila Martinsville Virginia

http://icasualties.org/oif/
Data research by Pat Kneisler
Designed and maintained by Michael White


On this day...
0296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1097 Crusaders defeat Turks at Dorylaeum
1294 Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland
1548 Former Holy Roman (Catholic) Emperor Charles V ordered Catholics to become Lutherans
1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
1755 Philippines closed all non-Catholic Chinese restaurants
1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
1859 Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
1862 Day 6 of the 7 Days battle-Battle of White Oak Swamp Union rearguard under Maj. Gen. William Franklin stops Jackson’s divisions.
1863 Union and Confederate cavalries clashed at Hanover, Pennsylvania
1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
1871 Guatemala revolts for agarian reforms
1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid (REAL bad move)
1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College
1906 Pure Food & Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act adopted
1908 Boston's Cy Young's 2nd no-hitter, beats NY Highlanders, 8-0
1908 Giant fireball impacts in Central Siberia (Tunguska Event) knocked down trees in a 30-mile radius and struck people unconscious some 40 miles away.
1913 NY Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest, campaigning for Indian rights in S Africa
1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
1929 Bobby Jones wins golf's US Open
1930 France pulls troops out of Germany’s Rhineland
1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady NY
1933 Card's Dizzy Dean strikesout 17 Cubs to win 8-2
1934 "Night of the Long Knives," Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party
1934 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions (rebuilding starts)
1936 "Gone With the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell, published
1936 40 hour work week law approved (federal)
1936 Haile Selassie asked the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy (futile gesture)
1939 Heinkel He. 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
1940 "Brenda Starr" cartoon strip, by Dale Messick, 1st appears
1940 US Fish & Wildlife Service established
1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
1943 Gen. MacArthur began Operation Cartwheel (Island-hopping)
1944 Universal strike against nazi terror in Copenhagen
1948 Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced (Bell Labs)
1950 Pres Truman orders US troops into Korea, B-29 ‘Superfortresses’ bomb targets in North Korea.
1952 "The Guiding Light," a popular radio program, made its debut as a television soap opera on CBS.
1951 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
1952 "The Guiding Light" soap opera moves from radio to TV

1953 1st Corvette manufactured (sold for $3,250.)

1959 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
1960 Zaire (then Belgian Congo) gains independence from Belgium
1961 Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit
1962 LA Dodger Sandy Koufax no-hits NY Mets, 5-0
1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of RC Church
1964 Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit
1965 NFL grants Atlanta Falcons a franchise
1966 Beatles land in Tokyo for a concert tour
1967 Maj Robert H Lawrence Jr named 1st black astronaut
1971 Ohio becomes the 38th state to approve of lower the voting age to 18, thus ratifying the 26th admendment
1971 A Soviet space mission ended in tragedy when three cosmonauts (Georgi Dobrovolsky, Vladislav Volkov, and Viktor Patsayev) aboard Soyuz 11 were found dead inside their spacecraft after it returned to Earth.
1973 Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-min solar eclipse
1974 Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub. 24 die (Port Chester NY)
1975 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado
1975 Cher, just 4 days after divorcing Sonny Bono marries Gregg Allman
1977 Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"
1977 Marvel Comics publish the "Kiss book" tributing the rock group Kiss
1977 US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Wash DC)
1981 China's Communist Party condemns the late Mao Tse-tung's policy
1982 Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification
1985 39 remaining hostages from Flight 847 are freed in Beirut
1986 Georgia sodomy law upheld by Supreme Court (5-4)
1988 Brooklyn dedicates a bus depot honoring Jackie Gleason
1989 Attorney General Thornburgh orders Joseph Doherty deported to the UK
1989 In Sudan the elected coalition government is overthrown. Omar Hassan al-Bashir and Sheik Hassan al-Turabi, brother-in-law of Sadiq el-Mahdi, seized power.(Imposed strict Muslim Shariah law on the country including the Christian southern Sudan.)
1989 NY State Legislature passes Staten Island seccession bill
1989 General Wojciech Jaruzelski announces he will not run for Poland's new presidency, saying the people view him as the man who imposed martial law (Gee you think that might be because HE DID?)
1998 Linda Tripp, spends six hours testifying before a grand jury in Washington.
1999 Farrah Slad of Brainerd, Minn., (21) won the $150 million Powerball lottery.
2000 The Clinton Administration said Iraq had re- started its missile program and had flight-tested a short-range ballistic missile.
2000 The Presbyterian Church ordered its ministers not to conduct same-sex unions.
2000 An Arkansas Supreme Court committee sues President Clinton to strip him of his law license. Clinton later agreed to pay a fine and give up his law license for five years.
2004 Cassini probe enters Saturn’s orbit for 4 years of explorations. Its 4-year mission included a close approach to Saturn’s 3rd moon Iapetus.


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Guatemala : Revolution Day (1871)
Lybia : Troop Withdrawl Day
Mongolia : Constitution Day
Rwanda & Burundi : Independence Day (1962)
Surinam : Lebaran, official holiday
Za‹re : Independence Day (1960)
Iowa : Independence Sunday (1776) (Sunday)
National Honor America Days (thru 7-4)
Amateur Radio Week (Day 4)
Carpenter Ant Awareness Week (Day )
Turkey Lover's Month


Religious Observances
RC : Commemoration of St Paul
RC : Memorial of the 1st Martyrs of the See of Rome (opt)


Religious History
1629 The settlers of Salem, Mass. appointed Samuel Skelton as their pastor, by ballot. Their church covenant, afterward composed by Skelton, established Salem as the first non-separating congregational Puritan Church in New England.
1780 Benjamin Randall organized a fellowship of churches known as Free Will Baptists in New Hampshire. It became one of the early branches of the National Association of Free Will Baptists, which was formed in 1935.
1909 In Rome, the Catholic Pontifical Biblical Commission issued a decree interpreting the first 11 chapters of Genesis as history, not myth.
1973 In Korea, the Far Eastern Broadcasting Co. began transmitting the Gospel from HLAZ, its first radio station in this country. FBEC is active today through radio missions outreach, and focuses its work among the islands of Eastern Asia and the Pacific.
1974 Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr., and a church deacon were slain by a crazed gunman in Atlanta's Ebenezer Baptist Church, where her son, the assassinated civil rights leader, once preached.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


U.S. Dog Sets World Jumping Record
Owner Thinks Nestle Can Beat Personal Best

PENN TOWNSHIP, Pa. -- A dog named Nestle recently set a world record. The 3-year-old chocolate Labrador weighs 80 pounds and can jump almost 7 feet high, Lancaster, Pa., television station WGAL reported.

Nestle, who lives outside Hanover, Pa., with owner Angie Jones, set a world record at a jumping competition in Virginia two weekends ago.
Nestle will take part in a nationally televised jump competition in Florida next month.
"It is pretty impressive to see a dog get up to that height, amazing because it is a lot of fun to watch because the dogs love to do it," Jones said.

Nestle's owner thinks the dog can jump higher than 7 feet.


Thought for the day :
"All the world loves a lover.....unless he's sitting in front of you in the theater."


23 posted on 06/30/2005 6:06:57 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: Professional Engineer; SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; Wneighbor; Valin; msdrby; alfa6; PhilDragoo; ...

Good morning everyone.

24 posted on 06/30/2005 6:41:16 AM PDT by Soaring Feather
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Iris7; Valin
Morning Glory Folks~

Great read on another confederate that was born to be a soldier. During the Civil War he was in more than 500 skirmishes; commanded in 127 full-scale battles; had 18 horses shot from under him; and lost 36 staff officers from his side.

I'm just a few hundred pages into Vol. 3 of Shelby Foot's "Red River to Appomattox" and look forward to reading about the Tennessee raids and defense of Dalton and Kennesaw Mountain.

25 posted on 06/30/2005 7:42:20 AM PDT by w_over_w (Imagine if whenever we messed up in life we could press 'Ctrl Alt Delete' and start over?)
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To: w_over_w

Shelby Foot. He WILL be missed


26 posted on 06/30/2005 7:58:52 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: Valin
1934 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions (rebuilding starts)


The weather was brutal, so the first "unofficial" NFL Championship Game between the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans was moved inside Chicago Stadium in 1932.

27 posted on 06/30/2005 8:20:25 AM PDT by w_over_w (Imagine if whenever we messed up in life we could press 'Ctrl Alt Delete' and start over?)
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To: w_over_w

1934 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions (rebuilding starts)
Wait till next year!...or the year after...or the year after...


28 posted on 06/30/2005 8:23:56 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: Valin
Wait till next year!...or the year after...or the year after...

Well, with continued high draft pics like these . . . who knows! ;^)


29 posted on 06/30/2005 8:46:27 AM PDT by w_over_w (Imagine if whenever we messed up in life we could press 'Ctrl Alt Delete' and start over?)
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To: PzLdr
and negligible military value

Don't discount the effect on morale on both sides from such a raid.

30 posted on 06/30/2005 8:51:43 AM PDT by PAR35
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To: w_over_w

LOL!!!


31 posted on 06/30/2005 8:55:46 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: bentfeather

Hi miss Feather.

BG has learned to open my sock drawer. I'm finding my socks, just mine no one else's, all over the house now.


32 posted on 06/30/2005 9:14:09 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: Professional Engineer
LOL
Little Home wrecker!!
33 posted on 06/30/2005 9:28:13 AM PDT by Soaring Feather
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To: Valin; snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Iris7; alfa6; Colonel_Flagg; colorado tanker
1918 Susan Hayward Flatbush Bkln, actress (I Want to Live, Tulsa)

SpankenTruppenKommandanten


34 posted on 06/30/2005 10:25:21 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: colorado tanker

Hey ct, remember awhile back when you asked if any Westpoint Southern's who joined up after the WBTS? This story is about one of 400+ that did.


35 posted on 06/30/2005 10:29:12 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
1871 Guatemala revolts for agarian reforms

I had to do a double take. I thought it read, "1871 Guatemala revolts for aquarium reforms". What they need better fish tanks?

36 posted on 06/30/2005 10:29:40 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: Valin
1939 Heinkel He. 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde

Bis heute einzig existierendes Originalfoto

Heckteil der He 176 V-1 auf dem Prüfstand


37 posted on 06/30/2005 10:37:21 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: Valin
1948 Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced (Bell Labs)

I Want My Tunnel Diode

38 posted on 06/30/2005 10:38:37 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: bentfeather

;-)


39 posted on 06/30/2005 10:41:25 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: snippy_about_it

I have a complaint.

I was NOT awaken by fresh coffee and cream filled pastries this morning.


40 posted on 06/30/2005 10:43:02 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Got Flag?)
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To: Professional Engineer
Susan Hayward?

Hubba, hubba!

41 posted on 06/30/2005 10:46:33 AM PDT by colorado tanker (The People Have Spoken)
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To: Professional Engineer; Samwise
Oops. My mistake. Here's your doughnuts. I don't 'do' coffee, I buy mine from Starbucks. :-)


42 posted on 06/30/2005 10:55:37 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin; Iris7
Shelby Foot. He WILL be missed

Found this on the blogosphere . . . funny . . .

"During a 1991 literary festival in Nashville, Foote encountered one enthusiastic fan as he, Garrett and novelist Fred Chappell stood in the lobby of their hotel.

" A woman rushed up to Shelby and planted a kiss on his cheek. Then she said, 'What was Gettysburg like?' " Garrett recalled. "By that time, Shelby had gotten tired of explaining that he hadn't been there. So he just looked at her and said, 'Madam, it was hell.' "

43 posted on 06/30/2005 11:22:50 AM PDT by w_over_w (Imagine if whenever we messed up in life we could press 'Ctrl Alt Delete' and start over?)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf

Thanks, Snippy. General Joe's story is a nice metaphor for how the country came back together after that terrible war.


44 posted on 06/30/2005 11:58:26 AM PDT by colorado tanker (The People Have Spoken)
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To: snippy_about_it

There's a story about Wheeler atttending a 100th anniversary gathering of West Point Alumni circa 1904. As fightin' Joe approached a group of former Confederate officers, he was greeted by none other than General James Longstreet. "Joe, I hope I die before you do, for I want to be at he gates of Hell to hear Jubal Early cuss you for wearing that blue uniform!".


45 posted on 06/30/2005 12:43:12 PM PDT by Morgan's Raider
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To: Professional Engineer

Works for me!


46 posted on 06/30/2005 12:54:51 PM PDT by Colonel_Flagg (Ah, summer. We need the rain.)
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To: Morgan's Raider
"Joe, I hope I die before you do, for I want to be at he gates of Hell to hear Jubal Early cuss you for wearing that blue uniform!".

LOL. Thanks for sharing with us.

47 posted on 06/30/2005 5:14:12 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: bentfeather

Good evening feather.


48 posted on 06/30/2005 5:14:56 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.

Good evening EGC. We'll send up a prayer for your father's surgery tomorrow. ((Hugs))


49 posted on 06/30/2005 5:15:58 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Evening, snippy, how you doing these days??


50 posted on 06/30/2005 5:16:04 PM PDT by Soaring Feather
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